Deaf basketball

Deaf basketball is basketball played by deaf people. Sign language is used to communicate whistle blows and communication between players.

National associations

The game played by deaf people is organized with national and international associations including Deaf Basketball Australia,[1] Deaf Basketball UK[2] and United States of America Deaf Basketball.[3][4]


Deaf basketball has gained great visibility because of athlete like Lance Allred who played basketball with the National Basketball Association's (NBA) Cleveland Cavaliers. Allred is Hard of Hearing, with a 75-80% hearing loss wearing a hearing aid. He later on continued to play basketball professionally in the European basketball leagues.

Another high-profile deaf basketball player is the Slovenian professional basketball player Miha Zupan, born with impairment similar to that of Allred, yet plays power forward at highest professional level in Europe.

Deaf International Basketball Federation

Deaf International Basketball Federation (DIBF) is a world governing body for international deaf basketball with support of International Basketball Federation (FIBA) and in cooperation with Deaflympics and its confederations. In February 2003, it was recognized at the Congress of Comité International des Sports de Surds (i.e. the International Committee of the Deaf Sports during the Winter Deaflympics in Sundsvall, Sweden as an independent association composed of the National Organisations governing deaf basketball. DIBF encourages the growth and development of deaf basketball in all nationals of the world through an organized program of education and instruction. The Federation schedules and conducts all international contests and championships in deaf basketball in cooperation with the Deaflympics (The Deaf Olympics) and its confederations. DIBF also maintains a documented history of the basketball by recording and reporting on all major international contests from the inception of international competitions to the present.


  1. ^ DBA - Deaf Basketball Australia
  2. ^ DBUK - Deaf BasketBall of the United Kingdom
  3. ^ USADB - United States of America Deaf Basketball
  4. ^ Gannon, Jack. 1981. Deaf Heritage–A Narrative History of Deaf America, Silver Spring, MD: National Association of the Deaf, pp. 282-286

External links


Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court, compete with the primary objective of shooting a basketball (approximately 9.4 inches (24 cm) in diameter) through the defender's hoop (a basket 18 inches (46 cm) in diameter mounted 10 feet (3.048 m) high to a backboard at each end of the court) while preventing the opposing team from shooting through their own hoop. A field goal is worth two points, unless made from behind the three-point line, when it is worth three. After a foul, timed play stops and the player fouled or designated to shoot a technical foul is given one or more one-point free throws. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins, but if regulation play expires with the score tied, an additional period of play (overtime) is mandated.

Players advance the ball by bouncing it while walking or running (dribbling) or by passing it to a teammate, both of which require considerable skill. On offense, players may use a variety of shots—the lay-up, the jump shot, or a dunk; on defense, they may steal the ball from a dribbler, intercept passes, or block shots; either offense or defense may collect a rebound, that is, a missed shot that bounces from rim or backboard. It is a violation to lift or drag one's pivot foot without dribbling the ball, to carry it, or to hold the ball with both hands then resume dribbling.

The five players on each side at a time fall into five playing positions: the tallest player is usually the center, the tallest and strongest is the power forward, a slightly shorter but more agile big man is the small forward, and the shortest players or the best ball handlers are the shooting guard and the point guard, who implements the coach's game plan by managing the execution of offensive and defensive plays (player positioning). Informally, players may play three-on-three, two-on-two, and one-on-one.

Invented in 1891 by Canadian-American gym teacher James Naismith in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States, basketball has evolved to become one of the world's most popular and widely viewed sports. The National Basketball Association (NBA) is the most significant professional basketball league in the world in terms of popularity, salaries, talent, and level of competition. Outside North America, the top clubs from national leagues qualify to continental championships such as the Euroleague and FIBA Americas League. The FIBA Basketball World Cup and Men's Olympic Basketball Tournament are the major international events of the sport and attract top national teams from around the world. Each continent hosts regional competitions for national teams, like EuroBasket and FIBA AmeriCup.

The FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup and Women's Olympic Basketball Tournament feature top national teams from continental championships. The main North American league is the WNBA (NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship is also popular), whereas strongest European clubs participate in the EuroLeague Women.

Cecilia Ferm

Cecilia Helena Ferm (born 9 October 1975) is a Swedish deaf female basketball player. She has represented both national and deaf basketball teams. Ferm has participated at the Deaflympics on 5 occasions since making her debut in the 1993 Summer Deaflympics.She was the key member of the Swedish deaf basketball team that won silver medals at the 1997, 2001 and 2005 Deaflympic events. In her last Deaflympic event, she was able to claim the gold medal for Sweden in the basketball for the first time in Deaflympic history after a stunning victory over favourites USA and it ended the gold medal jinx for Sweden.She won the ICSD Deaf Sportswoman of the Year award in 2000 and in 2004 for her outstanding performance in the deaf basketball competitions including the deaflympic basketball.Cecilia Ferm was also nominated for the Deaf Sportswoman of the Year award by the ICSD in 1998, 1999, 2002 and in 2007.

She too has played for some elite basketball club teams such as Solna Vikings, Akropol and Nerike Basket. Cecilia Ferm is currently playing for the Swedish club side, AIK Basket.

Deaf International Basketball Federation

Deaf International Basketball Federation (DIBF) is a world governing body for international deaf basketball with support of International Basketball Federation (FIBA) and in cooperation with Deaflympics and its confederations. DIBF is an independent association composed of the National Organisations governing deaf basketball.

DIBF encourages the growth and development of deaf basketball in all nationals of the world through an organised program of education and instruction. They serve as the official governing body for the scheduling and conduct of all international contest and championships in deaf basketball in cooperation with the Deaflympics and its confederations. They also maintain a documented history of the basketball by recording and reporting on all major international contests from the inception of international competitions to the present. DIBF aims to expand its organisation and to empower deaf basketball world in the future too.

Privileged board consisting of President, Vice-President, Treasurer, Secretary-General and members at large - better known as Central Board, manages DIBF. This enthusiastic board, made in majority of deaf people, brings together many years of management and basketball experiences, and are composed of representatives from all over the world.

Disability sport classification

Disability sports classification is a system that allows for fair competition between people with different types of disabilities. Historically, the process has been by two groups: specific disability type sport organizations that cover multiple sports, and specific sport organizations that cover multiple disability types including amputations, cerebral palsy, deafness, intellectual impairments, les autres and short stature, vision impairments, spinal cord injuries, and other disabilities not covered by these groups. Within specific disability types, some of the major organizations have been CPISRA has for cerebral palsy and head injuries, ISMWSF for spinal cord injuries, ISOD for orthopaedic conditions and amputees, INAS for people with intellectual disabilities, and IBSA for blind and vision impaired athletes.

Amputee sports classification is a disability specific sport classification used for disability sports to facilitate fair competition among people with different types of amputations. This classification was set up by International Sports Organization for the Disabled (ISOD), and is currently managed by IWAS who ISOD merged with in 2005. Several sports have sport specific governing bodies managing classification for amputee sportspeople. The classes for ISOD's amputee sports classification system are A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, A6, A7, A8 and A9. The first four are for people with lower limb amputations. A5 through A8 are for people with upper limb amputations.

Cerebral palsy sport classification is a classification system used by sports that include people with cerebral palsy (CP) with different degrees of severity to compete fairly against each other and against others with different types of disabilities. In general, Cerebral Palsy-International Sports and Recreation Association (CP-ISRA) serves as the body in charge of classification for cerebral palsy sport, though some sports have their own classification systems which apply to CP sportspeople. The classification system developed by the CP-ISRA includes eight classes: CP1, CP2, CP3, CP4, CP5, CP6, CP7 and CP8. These classes can be generally grouped into upper wheelchair, wheelchair and ambulatory classes. CP1 is the class for upper wheelchair, while CP2, CP3 and CP4 are general wheelchair classes. CP5, CP6, CP7 and CP8 are ambulatory classes.

The Les Autres class of disabilities generally covers two classes. These are people with short stature and people with impaired passive range of movement. The latter is sometimes referred to as PROM. There are a number of sports open to people who fit into Les Autres classes, though their eligibility often depends on if they have short stature or PROM. Historically, disability sports classification has not been open specifically to people with transplants, diabetics and epileptics. This is because disabilities need to be permanent in nature.

Classification for disability sports generally has three or four steps. The first step is generally a medical assessment. The second is generally a functional assessment. This may involve two parts: first observing a sportspeople in training and then involving observing sportspeople in competition. There are a number of people involved in this process beyond the sportsperson including individual classifiers, medical classifiers, technical classifiers, a chief classifer, a head of classification, a classification panel and a classification committee.

Georgia School for the Deaf

Georgia School for the Deaf (GSD) provides comprehensive education and services to deaf and hard-of-hearing students between the ages of three and eighteen. Located in Cave Spring, Georgia, United States, the school offers day and residential programs which meet the academic, social and physical needs of students in a total communication environment. It was established in 1846.

Greece at the 2017 Summer Deaflympics

Greece competed in the 2017 Summer Deaflympics which was held in Sofia, Bulgaria. Greece sent a delegation consisting of 54 competitors for the multi-sporting event.The delegates who represented Greece won a total of 5 medals at the Deaflympic event including 2 gold medals to their medal tally.

Lance Allred

Lance Collin Allred (born February 2, 1981) is the first legally-deaf player in NBA history, international inspirational speaker, author and TEDx star of "What is Your Polygamy?" He is a Mexican American former professional basketball player. Allred is deaf, with 75–80% hearing loss. He is the first legally deaf player in National Basketball Association history. To improve his hearing, he wears a hearing aid. His autobiography, Longshot: The Adventures of a Deaf Fundamentalist Mormon Kid and His Journey to the NBA, was published by Harper Collins.

List of sports

The following is a list of sports/games, divided by category.

According to the World Sports Encyclopedia (2003), there are 8,000 indigenous sports and sporting games.

Miha Zupan

Miha Zupan (born September 13, 1982) is a Slovenian professional basketball player for Naft Abadan of the Iranian Super League. He played among hearing players at the highest level in Europe, despite being deaf since birth. He is a 2.05 m (6 ft 8¾ in) power forward who can also play center when needed. He is the only deaf person to play in professional basketball league and in the EuroCup. Miha Zupan has competed at the Deaflympics on 5 occasions from 1997-2017.

Minnesota State Academy for the Deaf

The Minnesota State Academy for the Deaf (MSAD) is a public residential school serving deaf children in Minnesota, United States. It is one of two Minnesota State Academies in Faribault and operated by the state for particular student populations.

Nebraska School for the Deaf

The Nebraska School for the Deaf, or NSD, was a residential school for Deaf students in kindergarten through Grade Twelve at 3223 North 45th Street in Omaha, Nebraska, United States. Founded in 1869, the school closed in 1998. The school attracted national attention throughout its existence, first for controversial teaching practices and then for its closure.

Outline of basketball

Basketball is a ball game and team sport in which two teams of five players try to score points by throwing or "shooting" a ball through the top of a basketball hoop while following a set of rules. Since being developed by James Naismith as a non-contact game that almost anyone can play, basketball has undergone many different rule variations, eventually evolving into the NBA-style game known today. Basketball is one of the most popular and widely viewed sports in the world.

Ronda (disambiguation)

Ronda is a city in the Spanish province of Málaga.

Ronda may also refer to:

In geography:

Ronda, Cebu, Philippines

Ronda (Illano), Illano, Asturias, Spain

Ronda, California, United States

Ronda, North Carolina, United States

Ronda, West Virginia, United States

Camí de Ronda, a footpath in Catalonia, Spain

Ronda Alta, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

La Ronda, Boal, Asturias, Spain

La Ronda (estate), Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, U.SIn music:

Ronda de Salsa, or simply Ronda, is a group dance inspired by Rueda de Casino

Ronda (Tango), line of dance in Argentine Tango.Other uses:

Ronda do Quarteirão, or simply Ronda, is a Brazilian public safety program

SEAT Ronda, a small family car produced by the Spanish automaker SEAT

Ronda (watchmaker), a Swiss manufacturer of watch movements founded in 1946 and headquartered in Lausen

Ronda Jo Miller

Ronda Jo Miller (born 21 April 1978) is a retired American professional deaf female basketball and volleyball player. She is one of the few deaf women basketball players to have tried out for WNBA. Miller is the first deaf woman to make an attempt to play in the WNBA league in 2005. However, she did not make the team.

Rooftops (film)

Rooftops is a 1989 crime and dance drama film directed by Robert Wise, which follows the misadventures of two homeless teenagers in Manhattan.

Rooftops was the last theatrical motion picture directed by Wise and the second of his films about poor young New Yorkers, the first being the famous West Side Story.

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