Deacon Jones

David D. "Deacon" Jones (December 9, 1938 – June 3, 2013) was an American football defensive end in the National Football League (NFL) for the Los Angeles Rams, San Diego Chargers, and the Washington Redskins. He was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1980.

Jones specialized in quarterback "sacks" stats, a term which he coined. Nicknamed "the Secretary of Defense", Jones is considered one of the greatest defensive players ever.[1] The Los Angeles Times called Jones "most valuable Ram of all time," and former Rams head coach George Allen called him the "greatest defensive end of modern football".[1]

Deacon Jones
refer to caption
Jones in a 1971 promotional photo for his guest appearance on The Brady Bunch
No. 75
Position:Defensive end
Personal information
Born:December 9, 1938
Eatonville, Florida, U.S.
Died:June 3, 2013 (aged 74)
Anaheim Hills, California, U.S.
Height:6 ft 5 in (1.96 m)
Weight:265 lb (120 kg)
Career information
High school:Hungerford
(Eatonville, Florida)
College:Mississippi Valley State
NFL Draft:1961 / Round: 14 / Pick: 186
Career history
Career highlights and awards
Career NFL statistics
Interceptions:2
Games played:191
Player stats at NFL.com

Early life

Jones was born in Eatonville, Florida, and lived in a four-bedroom house with his family of ten.[2] Jones attended Hungerford High School, where he played football, baseball, and basketball.[3] During high school, Jones developed a lump in his thigh and learned that it was a tumor; he had surgery to remove it.[2]

When he was 14 years old, he witnessed a carload of white teenagers laughingly hit an elderly black church woman with a watermelon. The woman died days later from the injury, and there was never a police investigation. "Unlike many black people then, I was determined not to be what society said I was," Jones later recounted. "Thank God I had the ability to play a violent game like football. It gave me an outlet for the anger in my heart."[4]

College career

Jones' college football career consisted of a year at South Carolina State University in 1958, followed by a year of inactivity in 1959 and a final season at Mississippi Vocational College in 1960.[5]

South Carolina State revoked Jones' scholarship after they learned that he participated in a protest during the Civil Rights Movement.[2] However, one of the assistant football coaches at South Carolina State was leaving to coach at Mississippi Vocational, and told Jones and some of the other African-American players that he could get them scholarships at the new school.[2] While he was playing at Mississippi Vocational, he and his African-American teammates had to sleep in cots in the opposing team's gym because motels would not take them on numerous occasions.[2]

Professional career

Due to a lack of television coverage and scouting technology like computers etc., Jones was largely overlooked. According to an NFL Films interview with writer Ray Didinger, “Deacon was discovered kinda by accident. The Rams were scouting some running backs and they found this defensive tackle who was outrunning the running backs that they were scouting.” Jones was drafted in the 14th round of the 1961 NFL Draft by the Los Angeles Rams. He then earned a starting role as a defensive end and teamed with tackle Merlin Olsen to give Los Angeles a perennial All-Pro left side of the defensive line.[5] He became a part of the Fearsome Foursome defensive line of the Rams (along with Lamar Lundy, Rosey Grier, and Olsen), which is now considered to have been one of the best defensive lines of all time.[6]

Jones won consensus All-Pro honors five straight years from 1965 through 1969 and was second-team All-Pro in 1964, 1970, and 1972. He was also in seven straight Pro Bowls, from 1964 to 1970, and was selected to an eighth after the 1972 season with the San Diego Chargers.[5] He was voted the team's Outstanding Defensive Lineman by the Los Angeles Rams Alumni in 1962, '64, '65, and '66. In 1971, Jones suffered a severely sprained arch, which caused him to miss four starts, and he ended the season with 4½ sacks, his career-low to that point.

In 1972, Jones was included in a multiplayer trade with the San Diego Chargers, where he was an instant success.[5] He was named San Diego's defensive captain and led all Chargers' defensive linemen in tackles and won a berth on the AFC Pro Bowl squad. He concluded his career with the Washington Redskins in 1974.[5] In the final game of his NFL career, the Redskins allowed him to kick the point-after-touchdown for the game's last score. Along the way, Jones was named the Associated Press NFL Defensive Player of the Week four times: week 14, 1967; week 12, 1968; week 11, 1969; and week 10, 1970.

An extremely durable player, Jones missed only six games of a possible 196 regular-season encounters in his 14 National Football League seasons.[5]

Sacks

Jones was considered by many to revolutionize the position of defensive end. He was credited with coining the phrase "sacking the quarterback".[8] In 1999, Jones provided an L.A. Times reporter with some detailed imagery about his forte: “You take all the offensive linemen and put them in a burlap bag, and then you take a baseball bat and beat on the bag. You’re sacking them, you’re bagging them. And that’s what you’re doing with a quarterback.”[4]

What separated Jones from every other defensive end was his speed and his ability to make tackles from sideline to sideline, which was unheard of in his time. He also was the first pass rusher to use the head slap, a move that he said was, "...to give myself an initial head start on the pass rush, in other words an extra step. Because anytime you go upside a man's head … or a woman; they may have a tendency to blink they [sic] eyes or close they eyes. And that's all I needed. "[9] “The head slap was not my invention, but Rembrandt, of course, did not invent painting. The quickness of my hands and the length of my arms, it was perfect for me. It was the greatest thing I ever did, and when I left the game, they outlawed it.”[4]

Pro Football Weekly reported he accumulated 173½ sacks over his career, which would be third on the all-time sack list. (Jones would have ranked first all-time at the time of his retirement, and since has been surpassed by two fellow Hall of Famers Bruce Smith and Reggie White.) [10]

In 1967, Jones had 21½ sacks in only 14 games; he tallied 22 sacks in 14 games the following year. If official, this would have stood as an NFL record until Harvey Martin's 1977 campaign, in which he totaled 23 sacks. (The term "sack" had not yet been coined at the time, and official sack statistics were not recorded by the NFL until 1982.)[11]

Unofficial annual sack totals
Year Sacks Team
1961 8 Los Angeles Rams
1962 12 Los Angeles Rams
1963 Los Angeles Rams
1964 22 Los Angeles Rams
1965 19 Los Angeles Rams
1966 18 Los Angeles Rams
1967 21½ Los Angeles Rams
1968 22 Los Angeles Rams
1969 15 Los Angeles Rams
1970 12 Los Angeles Rams
1971 Los Angeles Rams
1972 6 San Diego Chargers
1973 5 San Diego Chargers
1974 3 Washington Redskins

(Source: Los Angeles Rams, San Diego Chargers and Washington Redskins Media Guides)

After football

Acting

Jones worked as a television actor, and appeared in numerous TV programs since the 1970s, most often appearing in cameo roles. He appeared in an episode of The Odd Couple where he and Oscar were in a television commercial selling shaving products. He appeared on The Brady Bunch, and in a Bewitched episode in 1969, he played a guard to the Giant's castle in "Sam & the Beanstalk". Jones also played himself on an episode of Wonder Woman in 1978.

In 1978, he played a Viking named 'Thall' in The Norseman. Fellow Hall of Famer Fred Biletnikoff joined Jones in that film, also portraying a Norseman.[12] That same year, Jones portrayed a fierce defensive lineman named Gorman in the film Heaven Can Wait.

In the series G vs E, he played himself, but as an agent of "The Corps". He also played a role in the hit show, ALF, where he played a father figure to Alf.

Broadcasting

Jones served as a color analyst for Rams broadcasts on KMPC radio in the 1994 season, teaming with Steve Physioc and Jack Snow. In 1998, shortly before Super Bowl XXXII between the Denver Broncos and Green Bay Packers, Jones correctly predicted the Broncos, 11 1/2 point underdogs, would win the game and Terrell Davis would be named MVP of the game.

Business

Jones worked for many companies, including the Miller Brewing Company, Haggar Clothing, Pacific Coast Medical Enterprises, and Epson America, and represented the NFL and Champion Products as spokesman for their Throwback campaigns.[1] Jones was also chairman for AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals in their national hypertension awareness program.[1]

Community involvement

NFL.com reported that Jones made several trips to Iraq to visit the U. S. military.[1][13]

Jones served as the president and CEO of the Deacon Jones Foundation, an organization he founded in 1997 "to assist young people and the communities in which they live with a comprehensive program that includes education, mentoring, corporate internship, and community service."[1]

Bringing the NFL back to Los Angeles

Jones was one of the many former L.A. Rams players who disliked the team's controversial relocation to St. Louis in 1995. He was adamant in interviews and appearances to state that he played for Los Angeles, not St. Louis, and considered the Rams franchise there a different team that should have a different name, leaving the Rams name for L.A. He participated in many grassroots efforts to bring NFL football back to L.A. and also voiced support on many of the new stadium proposals . The Rams eventually returned to Los Angeles in 2016, after Jones died.

Honors

He was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility in 1980, and was named to the NFL's 75th Anniversary All-Time Team in 1994.[1] In 1999, he was ranked number 13 on The Sporting News list of the 100 Greatest Football Players, the highest-ranked player to have played for the Rams franchise, the highest-ranked defensive end, and the second-ranked defensive lineman behind Bob Lilly. The same year, he was named by Sports Illustrated as the "Defensive End of the Century".[1]

Personal life

Jones stated that he gave himself the nickname Deacon after joining the Rams because too many David Joneses were in the local phone book. "Football is a violent world and Deacon has a religious connotation," he told the Los Angeles Times in 1980. "I thought a name like that would be remembered."[24]

Deacon Jones's wife Elizabeth is the chief operating and financial officer of the Deacon Jones Foundation, based in Anaheim Hills, California.,[2] the community in which the couple lived.

Jones was a rhythm and blues singer during his football days, and was backed by the band Nightshift, which later became the group War. Jones sang onstage with Ray Charles,[25] performed on The Hollywood Palace in 1967 and 1968, and on The Merv Griffin Show in 1970. Jones was the inspiration for the name of the 1977 song "Deacon Blues" by Steely Dan.[26]

Death

On June 3, 2013, Jones died at 74 of natural causes after suffering from lung cancer and heart disease at his home in Anaheim Hills, California.[27][28] Jones's death left Rosey Grier as the last surviving member of the Fearsome Foursome, the L.A. Rams defensive line, which is widely considered the best such unit in the history of the NFL. Of the former defensive standout, NFL commissioner Roger Goodell said, "Even with his fellow Hall of Famers, Deacon Jones held a special status. He was an icon among the icons.", while Redskins General Manager Bruce Allen, son of Jones's longtime coach George Allen, called him, "one of the greatest players in NFL history. Off the field … a true giant."[29] Sports Illustrated columnist Peter King noted at his death that Jones had a profound effect on the way defense was played in the NFL and cited the influence on such later NFL stars as Lawrence Taylor, Deion Sanders, and Michael Strahan.[30] As a tribute to Jones, the NFL created the Deacon Jones Award, which will be given annually to the league leader in sacks.[31]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "About Deacon". Deacon Jones Foundation. Retrieved July 18, 2008.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Deacon Jones special: Page One". Pro Football Weekly. Archived from the original on September 5, 2001.
  3. ^ "The Very Frightening Secretary of Defense: Was Deacon Jones the NFL's Meanest". Deacon Jones Foundation. Retrieved July 23, 2008.
  4. ^ a b c Goldstein, Richard (June 6, 2013). "Deacon Jones Dies at 74; Made Quarterback Sack Brutal and Enthralling". The New York Times. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Deacon Jones' HOF Profile". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved July 18, 2008.
  6. ^ Goldstein, Richard (February 26, 2007). "Lamar Lundy, Lineman on the Rams' Fearsome Foursome, Dies at 71". New York Times. Retrieved July 21, 2008.
  7. ^ "10 Burning Questions for Deacon Jones". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-07-21.
  8. ^ "Jones, NFL coiner of 'sack the quarterback,' dies at 74". CNN U.S. Cable News Network. Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. June 4, 2013. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
  9. ^ Deacon Jones' Equal Rights (& Lefts) For Women! on YouTube
  10. ^ Turney, John (June 26, 2000). "Setting the record straight on all of those QB takedowns". Pro Football Weekly online. Retrieved July 21, 2008.
  11. ^ See "Headslap" by John Klawitter, 1996. pp. 551-560.
  12. ^ "The Norseman (1978)". IMDb. www.imdb.com. Retrieved April 1, 2011.
  13. ^ "Deacon Jones, Hall of Fame defensive end, dies at 74". NFL.com. April 9, 2008. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
  14. ^ "S.C. Athletic Hall of Fame: Honorees and Inductees". Retrieved June 4, 2013.
  15. ^ "Central Florida Sports Hall of Fame". Central Florida Sports Commission. Archived from the original on August 6, 2011. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
  16. ^ "Florida Sports Hall of Fame Inductees 1960 to Present". Florida Sports Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on February 26, 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
  17. ^ "Spirit Awards Finalists". Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
  18. ^ "NFL Alumni to Honor Len Dawson, Deacon Jones and Paul Salata". BW SportsWire. August 24, 1999. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
  19. ^ "Felix Jones Named 2011 NFL Alumni Spirit Award Recipient". Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
  20. ^ "Legend of the Year". Junior Seau Foundation. Archived from the original on May 7, 2013. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
  21. ^ "FHSAA announces 33-member All-Century football team". FHSAA.org. December 12, 2007. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
  22. ^ Burwell, Bryan (September 27, 2009). "Rams finally getting around to retiring Deacon Jones' jersey". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. McClatchey-Tribune News Service. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
  23. ^ Alper, Josh (January 2, 2014). "Robert Mathis wins inaugural Deacon Jones Award". profootballtalk.nbcsports.com. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
  24. ^ Thursby, Keith. "David 'Deacon' Jones dies at 74; Fearsome L.A. Rams lineman". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
  25. ^ Farrar, Doug. "Legendary defensive end David 'Deacon' Jones dies at 74". Yahoo!.
  26. ^ Myers, Marc. "How Steely Dan created Deacon Blues". wsj.com.
  27. ^ "NFL Hall of Fame defensive end Deacon Jones dead at 74". Fox News. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
  28. ^ Goldstein, Richard (June 4, 2013). "Deacon Jones, Fearsome N.F.L. Defensive End, Dies at 74". The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 4, 2013.
  29. ^ "NFL legend Deacon Jones dies at 74". ESPN.com. June 4, 2013. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
  30. ^ King, Peter. "Late Deacon Jones would have dominated any era". SI.com. Retrieved January 29, 2016.
  31. ^ McIntyre, Brian (June 22, 2013). "NFL to honor annual sacks leader with Deacon Jones Award". Yahoo! Sports. Retrieved June 22, 2013.

External links

1970 All-Pro Team

The following is a list of players that were named to the Associated Press All-Pro Team, the Newspaper Enterprise Association All-Pro team and the Pro Football Writers Association, and Pro Football Weekly All-Pro teams in 1970. Both first- and second- teams are listed for the NEA, and PFWA teams. These are the four All-Pro teams that are included in the Total Football II: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League and compose the consensus All-Pro team for 1970.

1974 Washington Redskins season

The 1974 Washington Redskins season was the franchise's 43rd season in the National Football League (NFL) and their 38th in Washington, D.C.. the team matched on their 10–4 record from 1973. It's also notable for being Deacon Jones' first and only season with the Redskins; as well as being his final year in the NFL.

Baby Huey

Baby Huey is a gigantic and naïve duckling cartoon character. He was created by Martin Taras for Paramount Pictures' Famous Studios, and became a Paramount cartoon star during the 1950s. Huey first appeared in Quack-a-Doodle-Doo, a Noveltoon theatrical short produced and released in 1949.

Deacon Jones (athlete)

Charles Nicholas "Deacon" Jones (August 31, 1934 – September 7, 2007) was an American steeplechase runner. He competed at the 1956 and 1960 Olympics and finished in ninth and seventh place, respectively. He was a three-time AAU champion (1957–58 and 1961) and won a silver medal at the 1959 Pan American Games.

Deacon Jones (disambiguation)

Deacon Jones (1938–2013) was an American football player.

Deacon Jones may also refer to:

Deacon Jones (infielder) (born 1934), American baseball infielder

Deacon Jones (pitcher) (1892–1952), American baseball pitcher

Deacon Jones (athlete) (1934–2007), American Olympic steeplechase runner

Deacon Jones (musician), American blues organist

Deacon Jones (infielder)

Grover William "Deacon" Jones (born April 18, 1934) is a retired American professional baseball player, coach, manager and scout. He appeared in 40 Major League games as a first baseman and pinch hitter for the Chicago White Sox (1962–63; 1966). Jones attended Ithaca College, threw right-handed, batted left-handed and was listed as 5 feet 11 inches (180 cm) tall and 185 pounds (84 kg).

In his 11-year minor-league career (1955–56; 1959–67; 1969), Jones batted .319 with 154 home runs and a slugging percentage of .528. His big-league experience consisted of 60 plate appearances and he batted .286 (14 hits in 49 at bats) with one home run (hit off Jim Hannan of the Washington Senators on September 28, 1963) and 10 runs batted in. A great natural hitter, Jones still holds the Midwest League record for the highest single-season batting average when he hit .409 for the Dubuque Packers in 1956. He also had 135 hits, smashed 26 homers and had a .758 slugging percentage in only 330 at bats.

After retiring as a player, Jones served as a scout and minor-league coach and manager in the White Sox organization through 1973. Jones was a coach for the Houston Astros from 1976–82, and with the San Diego Padres from 1984–87. Jones joined the Baltimore Orioles as a minor-league hitting coach and liaison with minority communities.

Jones is currently serving as the special assistant to the president for the Sugar Land Skeeters, a member of the independent Atlantic League of Professional Baseball.

Deacon Jones (pitcher)

Carroll Elmer "Deacon" Jones (December 20, 1892 in Arcadia, Kansas – December 28, 1952 in Pittsburg, Kansas), was a professional baseball player who played pitcher in the Major Leagues from 1916–1918. He played for the Detroit Tigers.

Deacon Jones Trophy

The Deacon Jones Trophy is an annual player of the year award given to the most outstanding all-around collegiate American football player of the year among teams from Historically Black Colleges and Universities. The trophy was named in honor of the late National Football League (NFL) player Deacon Jones, who played for South Carolina State and Mississippi Valley State University. Jones, who was drafted in the 14th round of the 1961 NFL Draft by the Los Angeles Rams, would go on to become a standout defensive end accumulating 173½ sacks over his career, earning unanimous All-NFL honors for 6 consecutive years from 1965 through 1970 and 8 Pro Bowl selections. Jones also holds the distinctions of being an inaugural Black College Football Hall of Fame inductee (2010) and a member of the Pro Football Hall of Fame.

Havana Widows

Havana Widows is a 1933 American pre-Code comedy film directed by Ray Enright, starring Joan Blondell and Glenda Farrell. It was released by Warner Bros. on November 18, 1933. Two chorus girls travel to Havana in search of rich husbands. Their target is Deacon Jones, a self-appointed moralist who cannot drink without getting drunk.

The film is the first of a series of five movies by Warner Bros. where Blondell and Farrell were paired as blonde bombshell comedy team, throughout the early 1930s. The other films in the series include Kansas City Princess (1934), Traveling Saleslady (1935), We're in the Money (1935) and Miss Pacific Fleet (1935). Four of the five films were directed by Ray Enright. Farrell and Blondell also co-starred in other Warner Bros. movies: Three on a Match (1932), I've Got Your Number (1934) and Gold Diggers of 1937 (1936).

Irene Robertson

Irene Robertson (born November 10, 1931) is an American hurdler. She competed in the 80 metres hurdles at the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 1960 Summer Olympics.

Lamar Lundy

Lamar J. Lundy, Jr. (April 17, 1935 – February 24, 2007) was an American defensive end with the Los Angeles Rams of the National Football League for 13 seasons, from 1957 to 1969. Along with Deacon Jones, Merlin Olsen, and Rosey Grier, Lundy was a member of the Fearsome Foursome, often considered one of the best defensive lines in NFL history. All four also did some acting; Lundy portrayed the boulder-hurling cyclops in the unaired pilot of Lost in Space (this pilot was later made into episode 4 of the series, entitled "There Were Giants in the Earth").

Lundy was born in Richmond, Indiana, and graduated from Richmond High School; a 2 sport star, Lamar led the Red Devils to the State Finals in basketball, playing for Hall of Fame Coach, Art Beckner. He was selected to the Indiana All-Star team; he was also an All-State player in football. When it came time to choose a college, Lamar selected and attended Purdue University, where he was the first black student to receive a football scholarship, and where he was named MVP of both the football and basketball teams in his senior year. He led the football team in receiving his senior season and was a 2x All-Big Ten (2nd Team) end. As a collegiate basketball player, Lamar scored 678 points (#73 all-time for the Boilermakers) and collected 533 rebounds (#29 all-time for the Boilermakers). He was a 3rd team All-Big Ten Center in 1957. The 6'7" Lundy was drafted by both the NFL and the NBA, but he opted for a career in football. Early in his professional career, Lundy (#85) was occasionally used as an offensive receiver, catching 35 passes for 584 yards and 6 touchdowns. He scored an additional 3 touchdowns on interception returns (coincidentally, on the only 3 interceptions of his NFL career). When he retired as a player, Lundy became an assistant coach for the San Diego Chargers, but was forced by illness to cease coaching.

Lundy died at age 71 on February 24, 2007. He was the first of the Fearsome Foursome to die. Lundy, who battled diabetes, Graves disease, myasthenia gravis, cancer, and heart disease, was survived by two adult sons, two adult daughters, and many grandchildren.

List of National Football League annual sacks leaders

This is a list of National Football League players who have led the regular season in sacks each year. Sacks became an official statistic in 1982. Michael Strahan of the New York Giants holds the record with 22.5, which he had during the 2001 season. In 2013, the NFL created the Deacon Jones Award to recognize the season leader in sacks. There have only been two players lead in sacks with 2 different teams, Jared Allen (2007 with the Chiefs and 2011 with the Vikings) and Kevin Greene (1994 with the Steelers and 1996 with the Panthers). The Chiefs and the Vikings have had the most players lead the NFL in sacks with 4. Six players have led the NFL in sacks twice, nobody has led three times.

Los Angeles Rams awards

This page details awards won by the Los Angeles Rams American football team. The Rams were formerly based in St. Louis (1995–2015) and Cleveland (1936–1942, 1944–1945), as well as Los Angeles (1946–1994, 2016–present).

Melvyn "Deacon" Jones

Melvyn "Deacon" Jones (December 12, 1943 – July 6, 2017) was an organist and founding member of Baby Huey & the Babysitters.

Mississippi Valley State Delta Devils football

The Mississippi Valley State Delta Devils are the college football team representing the Mississippi Valley State University. The Delta Devils play in the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision as a member of the Southwestern Athletic Conference. Jerry Rice and Deacon Jones, considered two of the greatest American football players of all time, spent their college days playing for the team.

Pappo

Norberto Aníbal Napolitano, known by his stage name Pappo (La Paternal, 10 March 1950 – Luján, 25 February 2005), was an Argentine electric guitarist, singer-songwriter and composer. He is regarded as one of the greatest and most influential guitarists in the history of Argentine rock (known locally as rock nacional, Spanish for "national rock").

Quarterback sack

In American football and Canadian football, a sack occurs when the quarterback (or another offensive player acting as a passer) is tackled behind the line of scrimmage before he can throw a forward pass, when the quarterback is tackled behind the line of scrimmage in the "pocket" and his intent is unclear, or when a passer runs out of bounds behind the line of scrimmage due to defensive pressure. This often occurs if the opposing team's defensive line, linebackers or defensive backs are able to apply pass pressure (also called a pass rush) to quickly get past blocking players of the offensive team (the quarterback's protection), or if the quarterback is unable to find a back to hand the ball off to or an available eligible receiver (including wide receivers, running backs and tight ends) to catch the ball, allowing the defense a longer opportunity to tackle the quarterback.

Performing a sack is advantageous for the defending team as the offense loses a down, and the line of scrimmage retreats several yards. Even better for the defense is a sack causing the quarterback to fumble the ball at or behind the line of scrimmage; this is also known as a strip sack and can result in a turnover if the defense manages to obtain the ball. A quarterback that is pressured but avoids a sack can still be adversely affected by being forced to hurry.

In the National Football League (NFL), it is possible to record a sack for zero yards. The QB must pass the statistical line of scrimmage to avoid the sack. If a passer is sacked in his own end zone, the result is a safety and the defending team is awarded two points, unless the football is fumbled and either recovered in the end zone by the defense for a touchdown or recovered by either team outside the end zone.

South Carolina State Bulldogs football

The South Carolina State Bulldogs football team represents South Carolina State University in college football. The Bulldogs play in NCAA Division I Football Championship as a member of the Mid-Eastern Athletic Conference (MEAC). A historically dominant football program, the Bulldogs lead the MEAC in conference championships. The school has produced three players enshrined in the Pro Football Hall of Fame including Harry Carson, Deacon Jones, and Marion Motley. Other legendary Bulldog players include Robert Porcher and Donnie Shell. Legendary former SC State Coach Willie Jeffries became the first African American Head Coach of a predominantly white Division 1-A football program, when he was hired to coach the Wichita State football program in 1979. Jeffries is enshrined in the College Football Hall of Fame.

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