Daylight saving time in Africa

The only African countries and regions that use daylight saving time are:

UTC hue4map X region Africa
Time zones of Africa:
 -01:00  Cape Verde Time[a]
 ±00:00 
 +01:00 
 +02:00 
 +03:00  East Africa Time
 +04:00 
Light colours indicate where standard time is observed all year; dark colours indicate where daylight saving is observed.
a The islands of Cape Verde are to the west of the African mainland.

African countries that used to use DST

 Egypt

The British first instituted daylight saving time in Egypt during the Second World War, specifically between 1940 and 1945. The practice was stopped after the war, but resumed 12 years later, in 1957.

Egypt normally observed daylight saving time between the last Friday in April and the last Thursday in September when the clocks were three hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+3). The change occurred one second after 23:59:59 on Thursday to become 1:00:00 on the last Friday in April shortening the day to 23 hours. Summer time ended one second after 23:59:59 to become 23:00:00 on the last Thursday of September lengthening the day to 25 hours. The date did not change one second after the first 23:59:59 occurred; for all practical purposes, midnight did not occur until after the second 23:59:59. An exception was made for Ramadan; in 2006 the end of DST took place one week earlier, on 21 September 2006, which took place before the start of the holy month of Ramadan. The same practice recurred in 2007 and 2008, to avoid having longer days in Ramadan. In 2009, summer time ended on Thursday, 20 August, five weeks before the nominal end on the last Thursday in September. In 2010, the summer time started on 30 April and ended on 30 September, but between 10 August and 10 September summer time was cancelled because of Ramadan. The previous government was planning to take a decision to abolish it in 2011 before the January 25 Revolution. The transitional government abolished daylight saving time on 20 April 2011.[3] On May 7, 2014, the Egyptian government restored daylight saving time starting on 16 May with an exception for the holy month of Ramadan.[4]

From 2015 onwards, Egypt no longer observes it.[5] On April 29, 2016, the Egyptian government made plans to restore daylight saving time starting on July 7th, 2016 during Eid al-Fitr, however later on July 4, 2016, the Egyptian government cancelled these plans to re-introduce DST.

 Libya

Libya observed DST each year from 1982 to 1989,[6] 1997,[7] and 2013.[8]

 Morocco

As of 2018, permanent daylight saving time (DST) is observed in Morocco, advancing to UTC+01:00 permanently since 2018.

 Namibia

At Independence of Namibia the country inherited the time regulations of South Africa and was in time zone UTC+02:00 all year round. Triggered by fears for school children walking to school before sunrise, Namibian Standard Time, a type of winter time, was introduced in 1993.[9]

From 1994 until 2017 Namibia used Winter time, the practice of setting clocks back during winter months by one hour. In this period Namibian Standard Time was at UTC+02:00 Central Africa Time in summer, and UTC+01:00 (West Africa Time) in winter. Winter time began on the first Sunday in April at 03:00, and lasted until the first Sunday in September, 02:00 hours. In the Zambezi Region in the far north-east of Namibia clocks were not changed and remained on Central Africa Time all year round so that during winter time, Namibia spanned two time zones.[10]

In the 2010s repeated calls from businesses and private individuals were made to abolish winter time, citing incompatibilities with South Africa, Namibia's main trading partner, as well as a "loss of productivity".[10] The National Council passed the Namibian Time Bill 2017 in August 2017 and repealed the 1993 act,[11] placing Namibia back into the South African Standard Time zone of UTC+02:00.

 Tunisia

Tunisia adopted daylight saving time for the first time in 2005 starting 1 May 2005 and following EU time schedules thereafter. This comes as a move by the government to promote saving of energy. In 2009 the government of Tunisia canceled DST and kept the standard time all year round.

African countries not using DST

These countries or regions do not use daylight saving time, although some have in the past:

  1.  Algeria
  2.  Angola
  3.  Benin
  4.  Botswana
  5.  Burkina Faso
  6.  Burundi
  7.  Cameroon
  8.  Cape Verde
  9.  Central African Republic
  10.  Chad
  11.  Comoros
  12.  Côte d'Ivoire
  13.  Democratic Republic of Congo
  14.  Djibouti
  15.  Egypt
  16.  Equatorial Guinea
  17.  Eritrea
  18.  Ethiopia
  19.  Gabon
  20.  Gambia
  21.  Ghana
  22.  Guinea
  23.  Guinea-Bissau
  24.  Kenya
  25.  Lesotho
  26.  Liberia
  27.  Libya
  28.  Madagascar
  29.  Malawi
  30.  Mali
  31.  Mauritania
  32.  Mauritius
  33.  Mayotte
  34.  Namibia
  35.  Niger
  36.  Nigeria
  37.  Republic of the Congo
  38.  Rwanda
  39.  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
  40.  São Tomé and Príncipe
  41.  Senegal
  42.  Sierra Leone
  43.  Somalia
  44.  South Africa
  45.  South Sudan
  46.  Sudan
  47.  Swaziland
  48.  Tanzania
  49.  Togo
  50.  Tunisia
  51.  Uganda
  52.  Zambia
  53.  Zimbabwe

References

  1. ^ Although these regions politically belong to Spain in Europe, they are geographically part of or lying off the coast of Africa. They have DST schedules according to EU rules.
  2. ^ Although Madeira politically belongs to Portugal in Europe, it is geographically part of and lying off the coast of Africa. It has DST schedules according to EU rules.
  3. ^ "Egypt to cancel daylight saving time".
  4. ^ "Daylight saving to be applied in Egypt starting Friday".
  5. ^ http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/egypt-cancels-dst-2015.html
  6. ^ Daylight saving time dates for Libya - Tripoli between 1980 and 1989, Time and Date.
  7. ^ Daylight saving time dates for Libya - Tripoli between 1900 and 1909, Time and Date.
  8. ^ Libya Changes Time Zone, Time and Date, November 10, 2012.
  9. ^ Dierks, Klaus. "Chronology of Namibian History, 136". klausdierks.com. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
  10. ^ a b "GRN evaluates winter time change". New Era. 24 March 2016. p. 1.
  11. ^ Nakale, Albertina (9 August 2017). "National Council passes Time Bill in favour of summer time". New Era. p. 1.

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