David Tod

David Tod (February 21, 1805 – November 13, 1868) was an American politician and industrialist from the U.S. state of Ohio. As the 25th Governor of Ohio, Tod gained recognition for his forceful and energetic leadership during the American Civil War.[1]

A Democrat who supported the war effort, Tod helped to maintain a fragile alliance between the state's Republicans and War Democrats and took steps to secure Ohio's borders. In 1863, the state's pro-Union party failed to nominate Tod for a second term because of his tepid support for the abolition of slavery and his unpopularity among the state's myriad political factions.[2]

After completing his two-year term as Ohio governor, Tod turned down an invitation to serve in the government of President Abraham Lincoln as Secretary of the Treasury, citing poor health. Tod died of a stroke in 1868, three years after the end of the war.

David Tod
Image David Tod, Abbots History of Ohio
25th Governor of Ohio
In office
January 13, 1862 – January 11, 1864
LieutenantBenjamin Stanton
Preceded byWilliam Dennison
Succeeded byJohn Brough
United States Minister to Brazil
In office
August 28, 1847 – August 9, 1851
PresidentJames K. Polk
Zachary Taylor
Millard Fillmore
Preceded byHenry A. Wise
Succeeded byRobert C. Schenck
Personal details
BornFebruary 21, 1805
Youngstown, Ohio, U.S.
DiedNovember 13, 1868 (aged 63)
Youngstown, Ohio, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic (Before 1861)
Republican (1861–1864)
National Union (1864–1868)
David Tod's signature

Early life

Tod was born in Youngstown, Ohio, to a family actively involved in local and state politics. His father, George Tod, born to a Scottish immigrant in Suffield, Connecticut, had relocated to the Connecticut Western Reserve in 1800.[3] There, George Tod pursued a career in public life, serving as an Ohio lawmaker between 1804 and 1806, and winning a seat as a justice of the Ohio Supreme Court in 1807.[4]

David Tod attended Burton Academy in Geauga County and studied law in Warren, where he was appointed postmaster. Admitted to the Ohio bar in 1827, he accumulated considerable wealth as a lawyer actively involved in the coal and iron industries of the Mahoning Valley, and he went on to become president of the Cleveland and Mahoning Railroad.

Early political career

Tod was in the Ohio State Senate from 1838 to 1840.[5] He was a candidate for Ohio's governorship as a Democrat in 1844 and 1846, running on a strongly anti-national bank platform, but lost both elections. He was appointed by President James K. Polk as minister (ambassador) to Brazil from 1847 to 1851.[6] He presided over the 1860 Democratic National Convention in Baltimore after the resignation of Caleb Cushing as convention president.

Although previously a strong Democrat, Tod joined the pro-Union alliance between the Republican Party and Ohio's War Democrats at the outset of the Civil War.[7] On September 5, 1861, Republicans and War Democrats met in Columbus, Ohio, to form the National Union Party. The newly established party promptly abandoned the state's beleaguered Republican governor, William Dennison, and threw its support behind Tod – a move designed to strengthen solidarity between War Democrats and Republicans.[7]

Meanwhile, the War Democrats who had not joined the National Union Party nominated Hugh J. Jewett, who called for reconciliation with the South but "stopped short of taking a strong antiwar stance".[7] Tod won the election, polling 206,997 votes to Jewett's 151,774—a result that indicated the National Union Party had made few inroads among Democratic voters.[6] Tod ultimately served one term as governor, leading the state from 1862 to 1864.

Civil War governor

Image David Tod, Philadelphia Print Shop
David Tod as governor of Ohio

Governor Tod faced significant difficulties in encouraging military recruitment and providing for Ohio troops in the field, but gained the nickname "the soldier's friend". As historian George W. Knepper observed, the governor was compelled, near the outset of his administration, to "deal with the highly emotional aftermath of the battle of Shiloh", a costly victory in which Ohio alone suffered 2,000 casualties.[8] Several months later, when Confederate troops under the leadership of Stonewall Jackson threatened Washington, D.C., Tod was able to secure 5,000 volunteers to provide three months of service.[6] He was less successful, however, in filling Ohio's federally mandated quota of 74,000 troops.[6] In time, he advocated federal conscription, writing to Secretary of War Edwin Stanton, "With this Ohio will... respond to any further calls made upon her, but without it would be impossible to raise any considerable number". Among those Ohioans who participated in the war effort was Tod's nephew, Brigadier General James Hobart Ford, who served in the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the War.[9]

States could use their own tax money to supplement the work of the United States Sanitary Commission as Ohio did. Under the energetic leadership of Governor Tod, Ohio acted vigorously. Following the unexpected carnage at the Battle of Shiloh in Tennessee in April 1862, it send 3 steamboats to the scene as floating hospitals loaded with doctors, nurses and medical supplies. The state fleet expanded to eleven hospital ships. The state also set up 12 local offices in main transportation nodes across the Midwest to assist Ohio soldiers moving back and forth.[10]

Tod was challenged to maintain the state's security during the war, calling out the militia to respond to a cavalry raid by Confederate Brig. Gen. John Hunt Morgan from July 12 to 26, 1863, and arranging for the compensation of Ohioans whose property had been confiscated by Morgan's men. Damages inflicted upon Ohio residents reached $576,225, "while the expense of keeping the militia in the field raised the total cost to well over a million dollars".[11] At the same time, as historian Richard H. Abbott observed, Tod also "battled with recalcitrant Democrats, unruly newspaper editors, draft rioters, and strange secret societies".[12] He was compelled to call out troops to bring an end to draft riots in Holmes County, which became popularly known as the "Battle of Fort Fizzle".[13]

He recommended the federal military arrest of Copperhead leaders such as Dr. Edson B. Olds—who sued him for kidnapping and actually had the governor briefly arrested, before the Supreme Court of Ohio issued a writ of habeas corpus–and Clement Vallandigham.[14] In 1862, he attended the Loyal War Governors' Conference in Altoona, Pennsylvania, which ultimately backed Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation and the Union war effort. At the same time, Tod resisted the idea of using black troops in the war effort. When black abolitionist leader John Mercer Langston urged the governor to enlist African-American soldiers to help the state fill its draft quotas, Tod responded sharply, saying, "Do you not know, Mr. Langston, that this is a white man's government; that white men are able to defend and protect it?"[15] Nevertheless, by 1863, blacks were being enrolled in Ohio's volunteer units, and more than 5,000 served in state or federal units.[16]

Governor Tod has aided me more and troubled me less than any other governor.

Later years

David Tod Bust
David Tod bust inside the National McKinley Birthplace Memorial

Tod was unable to secure the pro-Union renomination in 1863, losing it to another War Democrat, John Brough, who enjoyed greater popularity among Ohioans and more actively supported the anti-slavery direction the Northern war effort had by then taken.[2] President Abraham Lincoln then offered Tod the post of U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, telling an aide, "He is my friend, with a big head full of brains... he made a good governor, and has made a fortune for himself". Tod, knowing he was not radical enough for Republicans in the United States Senate and in fragile health, declined the appointment. Tod died of a stroke in 1868, at the age of 63, leaving a widow and seven children.[18] He was a Republican Presidential elector in 1868 for Grant/Colfax. He died before the meeting of electors, and was replaced by G. V. Dorsey.[17]

Since his death, Tod has gained recognition as an effective political leader who guided his state through a difficult period. As Delmer J. Trester wrote: "His administration was characterized by intense patriotism, devotion to duty, administrative ability, and unflagging energy. Ohio was fortunate to have David Tod as one of its war governors".[1]


  1. ^ a b Trester, Delmer J. "David Tod". Ohio Historical Society. Archived from the original on February 5, 2008. Retrieved April 12, 2008.
  2. ^ a b Knepper (1989) : 244
  3. ^ Milligan (2003) : 259
  4. ^ Milligan (2003) : 261
  5. ^ Ohio (1917), p. 232.
  6. ^ a b c d Roseboom and Weisenburger (1961) : 188
  7. ^ a b c Knepper (1989) : 233
  8. ^ Knepper (1989) : 233–234
  9. ^ Eicher 2001 : 239
  10. ^ Eugene E. Roseboom, The Civil War Era, 1850–1873 (1944) p 396
  11. ^ Roseboom and Weisenburger (1961) : 194–195
  12. ^ page 32, Abbott, Richard H., Ohio’s War Governors, Ohio State University Press for the Ohio Historical Society, 1962
  13. ^ page 5633, Orison Swett Marden, ed., The Consolidated Encyclopedic Library, Vol. XIX, New York: The Emerson Press, 1903.
  14. ^ Roseboom and Weisenburger (1961) : 190–192
  15. ^ Gerber (1976) : 33–34
  16. ^ Knepper (1989) : 238
  17. ^ a b Smith 1898 : 143
  18. ^ "David Tod". Ohio History Central. Retrieved April 12, 2008.


External links

Ohio Senate
Preceded by
Leicester King
Member of the Ohio Senate
from Trumbull County

Succeeded by
John Crowell
Party political offices
Preceded by
Wilson Shannon
Democratic nominee for Governor of Ohio
1844, 1846
Succeeded by
John B. Weller
Preceded by
Caleb Cushing
Permanent Chair of the Democratic National Convention
Succeeded by
Horatio Seymour
Preceded by
William Dennison
Republican nominee for Governor of Ohio
Succeeded by
John Brough
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Henry A. Wise
United States Minister to Brazil
Succeeded by
Robert C. Schenck
Political offices
Preceded by
William Dennison
Governor of Ohio
Succeeded by
John Brough
Barnabas Burns

Barnabas Burns (June 29, 1817 – October 13, 1883) was an Ohio lawyer, businessman, and politician.

Burns was born in Fayette County, Pennsylvania in 1817, the youngest of three children of Andrew and Sarah (Caldwell) Burns. Burns's father was an Irish immigrant and his mother was also of Irish ancestry. In about 1820, the family moved to Richland County, Ohio, where Andrew worked as a farmer. He was educated in the public schools there and taught school after graduating. He married Urath Gore, a Maryland native, and with her had five children.In 1840, Burns was hired as deputy clerk of courts in Richland County. In 1846 he was elected, as a Democrat, to represent the area in the Ohio State Senate, serving two terms. He read law at the office of Thomas W. Bartley and Samuel J. Kirkwood and was admitted to the bar, practicing in the county seat, Mansfield. In 1860, Burns ran for a seat in the federal House of Representatives, losing to the incumbent, Republican John Sherman. He also served as a delegate to the 1860 Democratic National Convention.At the outbreak of Civil War, Burns supported the Union and considered himself a War Democrat. The governor, David Tod, offered Burns the colonelcy of the 86th Ohio Infantry; he accepted, but served very little because of chronic lung problems. He did serve as judge advocate at a military trial later in the war. In 1863, while serving as chairman of the Ohio Democratic Party, Burns wrote to General Ulysses S. Grant, asking permission to nominate him for president as a Democrat at the upcoming state convention (Grant was not interested). After the war, Burns continued his political activity, running for Congress again in an 1868 special election that followed the sudden death of Cornelius S. Hamilton; he lost by 385 votes to John Beatty. The same year, he served as a delegate to the 1868 Democratic National Convention. Burns was also a delegate to Ohio's 1873 constitutional convention (the resulting constitution was rejected by the voters.) That same year, Burns ran for lieutenant governor, and lost to Republican Alphonso Hart by just 635 votes.Burns also entered the business world after the war, organizing the Mansfield Saving Bank in 1869 and serving as its first president. By 1870, he owned property worth $40,000. He served on the board of education and was trustee of an orphanage in Xenia, as well as being one of the founders of the Mansfield Lyceum and Library. He was also a member of the Oddfellows and the Richland County Bible Society.

Battle of Fort Fizzle

The "Battle of Fort Fizzle" (also called the Holmes County Draft Riots and the Holmes County Rebellion) was a skirmish fought on June 17, 1863, which took place during the American Civil War in the village of Glenmont (then known as Napoleon) in Holmes County, Ohio, between Union troops and local draft resisters opposed to the Conscription Act of 1863.

Adopted by Congress on March 13, 1863, the Conscription Act authorized President Abraham Lincoln to draft men into military service in states that did not meet their volunteer quotas. When Federal officials tried to enforce the act in Holmes County in June, about 900 to 1000 locals built a makeshift fort, equipped with four artillery pieces, to prevent the act's enforcement. After a brief encounter in which two resisters were wounded, Ohio Governor David Tod ordered a force of nearly 420 Union troops, including the 3rd Ohio Infantry, to disperse the resisters, giving the place the name "Fort Fizzle" because the rebellion had "fizzled out". The episode ended when the last four resisters who had assaulted a Federal draft official turned themselves in.Forty-three men from the Napoleon area were indicted for assaulting an officer and preventing the execution of law (US Military Conscription Act of 1863). The armed men involved in the prisoner rescue were indicted for treason. An additional 37 men were indicted for their involvement in activities in other parts of Holmes County, and in nearby Knox and Coshocton counties.Of the 80 men involved in these activities the cases of just two men went to trial. Only one man, Laurant Blanchat (also known as Blanchard) was found guilty. Sentenced to six months at hard labor at the Ohio Penitentiary, Blanchat was pardoned by President Lincoln prior to the completion of the sentence. The prosecution of every other case was eventually dropped.

Birchard Letter

The Birchard Letter (June 29, 1863), was a public letter from United States President Abraham Lincoln to Matthew Birchard and eighteen other Ohio Democrats in which Lincoln defended the administration's treatment of antiwar agitators, and offered to release Clement Vallandigham if a majority of those to whom the letter was addressed would subscribe to three pledges in connection with the prosecution of the American Civil War.

Consecration of the National Cemetery at Gettysburg

The Consecration of the Soldiers' National Cemetery was the ceremony at which U.S. President Abraham Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address on November 19, 1863. In addition to the 15,000 spectators, attendees included six state governors: Andrew Gregg Curtin of Pennsylvania, Augustus Bradford of Maryland, Oliver P. Morton of Indiana, Horatio Seymour of New York, Joel Parker of New Jersey, and David Tod of Ohio. Reporters present included Joseph Gilbert (Associated Press), Charles Hale (Boston Advertiser), John Russell Young (Philadelphia Press); and Cincinnati Commercial, New York Tribune, & The New York Times reporters.

D. and W. Henderson and Company

David & William Henderson and Company was a Scottish marine engineering and shipbuilding company, based on Clydeside. The company was founded in 1872 and continued to operate until 1936. The company shipyard was on the northern banks of the River Clyde at the point where the River Kelvin joins the Clyde.

The Office Buildings existed until 2017 and were owned and run as Haulage Businesses. Firstly as Duncan Barbour Ltd and then by Clyde Port Authority as Scotway Ltd.The company was founded in 1835 as Tod and Macgregor by David Tod and John Macgregor carrying out marine engineering work. In 1844 an account is given (complete with drawings) of the engine they built for the river steamer Invincible. This was a 'steeple' type engine rated at 85hp, with 49in piston diameter, and 50in stroke. This directly drove the 16ft diameter paddle wheels, which were 5ft 8in wide. Running at 31.5 revolutions per minute this gave a speed of 13.5 miles per hour. After the deaths of both David Tod and John Macgregor, the shipbuilding business was sold and renamed as D. and W. Henderson and Company.

David Tod Roy

David Tod Roy (simplified Chinese: 芮效卫; traditional Chinese: 芮效衛; pinyin: Rui Xiaowei; 1933 – May 31, 2016) was an American sinologist and scholar of Chinese literature who was Professor of East Asian Languages and Civilizations at University of Chicago from 1967 until he took early retirement in 1999. Roy is known for his translation of Jin Ping Mei (Chin P’ing Mei, or The Plum in the Golden Vase), published in five volumes by Princeton University Press 1993–2013, one of the Four Great Novels of the Ming dynasty. Where earlier translations omitted many passages, especially the sexual ones, Roy was the first to render the whole novel into English.

David Young (British Army officer)

Lieutenant General Sir David Tod Young (17 May 1926 – 9 January 2000) was a senior British Army officer who served as General Officer Commanding Scotland from 1980 to 1982.

Defense of Cincinnati

The Defense of Cincinnati occurred during what is now referred to as the Confederate Heartland Offensive or Kentucky Campaign of the American Civil War, from September 1 through September 13, 1862, when Cincinnati, Ohio was threatened by Confederate forces.

Confederate Brigadier General Henry Heth had been sent north to threaten Cincinnati, then the sixth-largest city in the United States. Heth was under orders from his superior, Major General Edmund Kirby Smith, not to attack the city, but to instead make a "demonstration". Cincinnati's mayor George Hatch ordered all business closed, and Union Major General Lew Wallace declared martial law, seized sixteen steamboats and had them armed, and organized the citizens of Cincinnati, Covington, and Newport, Kentucky for defense. Among the groups organized were the "Black Brigade of Cincinnati", a forcibly conscripted group of free African Americans. Although not armed, the Black Brigade was given its own flag and paid $13 for one month's service, the same pay given to privates at that time.

Along eight miles (c. 15 km) of hilltops from Ludlow to present-day Fort Thomas, Kentucky, volunteers and soldiers constructed rifle pits and earthwork fortifications, which were defended by 25,000 Union Army soldiers and 60,000 local militia volunteers called "Squirrel Hunters". Construction of the defenses was directed by Colonel Charles Whittlesey until relieved by Major James H. Simpson, chief of Topographical Engineers for the Department of the Ohio.

On September 5, Ohio governor David Tod announced to the public that no additional volunteers would be needed for the defense of Cincinnati, but he advised that all military organizations be kept up for future needs.

Heth and his men marched from Lexington, Kentucky on the Lexington Turnpike (present-day U.S. Route 25), arriving south of Covington on September 6. After reconnoitering the defenses at various points, he determined that an attack was pointless. Heth's forces stayed only a few days, skirmishing with members of the 103rd Ohio Infantry near Fort Mitchel on September 10–11 and returning south to Lexington on September 12, 1862.

On September 12, Wallace telegraphed Major General Horatio Wright (commander of the Department of the Ohio) in Cincinnati: "The skedaddle is complete; every sign of a rout. If you say so I will organize a column of 20,000 men to pursue to-night." The large pursuit was never ordered as most of the military forces were sent via steamboats to Louisville, Kentucky to prevent capture by General Braxton Bragg. However, small scouting forces were sent southward to harass the rear-guard of Heth's forces. A skirmish occurred at Florence, Kentucky, on September 17. Another skirmish occurred near Walton, Kentucky on September 25, when Colonel Basil W. Duke attacked a Union camp of approximately 500 men near Snow's Pond.

For his vigorous defense of the city, Wallace earned the nickname "Savior of Cincinnati". Within a month of the panic, the Squirrel Hunters returned to their homes.

G. V. Dorsey

Godwin Volney Dorsey (November 17, 1812 – May 15, 1885) was a Democrat and later Republican politician in the state of Ohio and was Ohio State Treasurer from 1862-1865.

Godwin Dorsey was born November 17, 1812 at Oxford Butler County, Ohio. He graduated from Miami University, and from the Medical College of Ohio in 1836. He then settled in Piqua, Ohio.Presidential elector in 1848 for Cass/Butler. He was a Democratic delegate to the 1850 Ohio Constitutional Convention, and a member of the Democratic National Convention in 1856. He was the Democratic nominee for the 4th congressional district in 1854, but lost with 30% of the vote. In 1856 he lost to Matthias H. Nichols by 245 votes for the same district. In 1859, he ran for Ohio State Auditor, but lost to Republican Robert Walker Tayler, Sr.Dorsey was elected as Ohio State Treasurer as a Republican in 1861 and 1863 and was a member of the Republican National Convention in 1864. He resigned as Treasurer September 25, 1865. David Tod was Elector-at-large in 1868 for Grant/Colfax. He died before the meeting of electors, and was replaced by Dorsey.He died in Piqua May 15, 1885. He was buried at Forest Hill Union Cemetery in Piqua.

James Hobart Ford

James Hobart Ford (May 22, 1829 – January 12, 1867) was a Union colonel and brevet brigadier general during the American Civil War, notable for his contributions in the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the war.

Jin Ping Mei

Jin Ping Mei (Chinese: 金瓶梅; pinyin: Jīn Píng Méi)—translated into English as The Plum in the Golden Vase or The Golden Lotus—is a Chinese novel of manners composed in vernacular Chinese during the late Ming dynasty (1368–1644). The author took the pseudonym Lanling Xiaoxiao Sheng (蘭陵笑笑生), "The Scoffing Scholar of Lanling," and his identity is otherwise unknown (the only clue being that he hailed from Lanling County in present-day Shandong). The novel circulated in manuscript as early as 1596, and may have undergone revision up to its first printed edition in 1610. The most widely read recension, edited and published with commentaries by Zhang Zhupo in 1695, unfortunately deleted or rewrote passages important in understanding the author's intentions.The explicit depiction of sexuality garnered the novel a notoriety akin to Fanny Hill and Lolita in English literature, but critics such as the translator David Tod Roy see a firm moral structure which exacts retribution for the sexual libertinism of the central characters.Jin Ping Mei takes its name from the three central female characters—Pan Jinlian (潘金蓮, whose given name means "Golden Lotus"); Li Ping'er (李瓶兒, given name literally means, "Little Vase"), a concubine of Ximen Qing; and Pang Chunmei (龐春梅, "Spring plum blossoms"), a young maid who rose to power within the family. Chinese critics see each of the three Chinese characters in the title as symbolizing an aspect of human nature, such as mei (梅), plum blossoms, being metaphoric for sexuality.

Princeton University Press, in describing the Roy translation, calls the novel "a landmark in the development of the narrative art form – not only from a specifically Chinese perspective but in a world-historical context...noted for its surprisingly modern technique" and "with the possible exception of The Tale of Genji (c. 1010) and Don Quixote (1605, 1615), there is no earlier work of prose fiction of equal sophistication in world literature." Jin Ping Mei is considered one of the six classics of Chinese literature.

John Brough

John Brough (rhymes with "huff") (September 17, 1811 – August 29, 1865) was a War Democrat politician from Ohio. He served as the 26th Governor of Ohio during the final years of the American Civil War, dying in office of gangrene shortly after the war concluded.

John Macgregor

John Macgregor (1802–1858) was a Scottish shipbuilder.

Matthew Birchard

Matthew Birchard (January 19, 1804 – June 16, 1876) was a judge in the U.S. State of Ohio who was an Ohio Supreme Court Judge 1842–1849.

Matthew Birchard was born in Becket, Massachusetts, and came to Trumbull County, Ohio, near Warren at age eight. He was admitted to the bar in 1828, and formed a partnership with future governor David Tod, and six years later was elected Common Pleas Judge.Birchard accepted an appointment with the Federal Government for a time from his friend Andrew Jackson, first as Solicitor for the General Land Office, and then to succeed Henry D. Gilpin as Solicitor of the United States Treasury. He returned to Warren in 1841. He was elected from Trumbull County by the Ohio General Assembly as a judge of the Ohio Supreme Court for a seven-year term, and served 1842–1849.He was elected to the Ohio House of Representatives in 1853 and served in the 51st General Assembly, 1854–1855. He lost election to Congress in 1856 as the Democratic nominee in the 20th district.In 1867, Birchard purchased the newspaper Warren Constitution and ran it with his son until his death in 1876 in Warren. He is buried at Oakwood Cemetery.One author appraised Birchard thus: "His written opinions are characterized by felicity of expression and perspicuity of thought. His pertinacity has been bluntly denominated stubbornness." Another opined : "The opinions of Judge Birchard were characterized by fluency of expression and clearness of logic. He was known as a man of strong convictions, great will of power, and possessed pertinacity of the sort that causes one juror out of twelve to dissent from the opinion of colleagues." While a third stated: "...his opinions show him to have been a man of learning and research, with a strong sense of justice."Birchard married Jane E. Weaver of Bella Vista, Virginia in 1841 and raised two children.

Ohio gubernatorial elections

The voters of the U.S. state of Ohio elect a governor for a four-year term. There is a term limit of two consecutive terms as governor. Bold type indicates victor. Italic type indicates incumbent. Starting in 1978, the nominees for governor and lieutenant governor ran on a joint ticket.

War Democrat

War Democrats in American politics of the 1860s were members of the Democratic Party who supported the Union and rejected the policies of the Copperheads (or Peace Democrats). The War Democrats demanded a more aggressive policy toward the Confederacy and supported the policies of Republican President Abraham Lincoln when the American Civil War broke out a few months after his win in the 1860 presidential election.

William B. Castle

William Bainbridge Castle (November 30, 1814 – February 28, 1872) was an American politician of the Whig Party who served as the 11th and final mayor of Ohio City from 1853 to 1854 and the 14th mayor of Cleveland, Ohio from 1855 to 1856.Castle was born in Essex, Vermont. The family moved to Toronto in 1815, where his father, Jonathan Castle, was engaged as an architect "to superintend the construction of the first Parliament buildings there." In 1827, the family settled in Cleveland. Jonathan and William Castle opened Cleveland's first lumberyard. The elder Castle died two years later, leaving the business to his son.

He moved back to Ontario and then to Ohio City in 1839. He entered politics and quickly rose to prominence as a member of the Ohio City Common Council. In 1853, he was elected the city's mayor and helped in writing the 1854 agreement to merge Cleveland and Ohio City. In 1855, he became mayor of Cleveland.

On July 21, 1862, William B. Castle, as chairman of the District Military Committee, Cleveland, sent a letter to Governor David Tod, enclosing a copy of a resolution recommending that the appointment of company officers for the 103rd Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry.In December 1836, Castle married Miss Mary Derby, who died in Canada the following year. In 1840, he married Mary H. Newell of Vermont, by whom he had one son, W. W. Castle, and three daughters.

Mayor Castle was a delegate to Republican National Convention from Ohio in 1868.William B. Castle was a longtime member of the Vestry and Senior Warden of the St. John's Episcopal Church (Cleveland, Ohio). There is a large historic marker on the eastern wall of the church in his honor. Dates for the marriages of his children are in the memorial stained glass windows of St. John's. Mayor Castle was interred in the Lake View Cemetery, in Cleveland, Ohio.

William Dennison Jr.

William Dennison Jr. (November 23, 1815 – June 15, 1882) was a Whig and Republican politician from Ohio. He served as the 24th Governor of Ohio and as U.S. Postmaster General in the Cabinet of President Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War.

Wilson S. Kennon

Wilson Shannon Kennon (May 15, 1826 – June 18, 1895) was a Republican politician who was in the Ohio House of Representatives and was appointed Ohio Secretary of State from 1862 to 1863.

Wilson S. Kennon was son of William Kennon, Jr., who represented Ohio in the U.S. House of Representatives and sat on the Ohio Supreme Court. He was born in St. Clairsville, Ohio, where he continued to reside. He was educated at the "St. Clairsville Institute" and at Bethany College at Bethany, Virginia (now West Virginia). He studied law in his father's office, and was admitted to the bar in 1850.In 1861, Wilson Kennon was elected to represent Belmont County, Ohio in the Ohio House of Representatives for the 55th General Assembly, convening January 6, 1862. Before the American Civil War, Kennon was a Democrat, but was nominated to the legislature by the Unconditional Union Party of Belmont County. In May 1862, fellow Belmont Countian Benjamin Rush Cowen resigned as Secretary of State after a few months in office to go to war. Kennon was appointed to the office by Governor David Tod. Election of Secretary of State was then moved to even numbered years, and Kennon was nominated by the Republican Party on the second ballot for the 1862 election. In the General Election of 1862, Kennon lost to Democrat William W. Armstrong in an election where out of state soldiers were not allowed to vote.After his term in office expired, Kennon became a Paymaster in the United States Army, and served throughout the American Civil War. He attained the rank of Major.After the war, Kennon engaged in private practice of law at Cincinnati, in partnership with Milton Sayler and John W. Okey, for five years. He then moved back to Belmont County after his father's paralysis. He served as Belmont County Prosecuting Attorney for six years. Kennon died at his St. Clairsville home on June 18, 1895. At the time he was mayor of St. Clairsville.

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