David Murray, 2nd Earl of Mansfield

David Murray, 2nd Earl of Mansfield KT PC (9 October 1727 – 1 September 1796), known as The Viscount Stormont from 1748 to 1793, was a British politician. He succeeded to both the Mansfield and Stormont lines of the Murray family, inheriting two titles and two fortunes.


The Earl of Mansfield

Portrait of David Murray 2nd Earl of Mansfield by Sylvester Harding
Lord President of the Council
In office
17 December 1794 – 1 September 1796
MonarchGeorge III
Prime MinisterWilliam Pitt
Preceded byThe Earl FitzWilliam
Succeeded byThe Earl of Chatham
In office
2 April 1783 – 19 December 1783
MonarchGeorge III
Prime MinisterThe Duke of Portland
Preceded byThe Lord Camden
Succeeded byThe Earl Gower
Secretary of State for the Northern Department
In office
27 October 1779 – 27 March 1782
MonarchGeorge III
Prime MinisterLord North
Preceded byThe Viscount Weymouth
Succeeded byOffice Abolished
The Earl of Shelburne as Home Secretary
Charles James Fox as Foreign Secretary
Personal details
Born
David Murray

9 October 1727
Died1 September 1796 (aged 68)

Background

Mansfield was the son of David Murray, 6th Viscount of Stormont, and his wife Anne Stewart. Lord Chief Justice William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield was his paternal uncle.

Public life

Mansfield was ambassador to Vienna and Warsaw and then to France in the early years of the American War of Independence, and played a role in sending news of American actions back to England. He had been elected a Scottish Representative Peer in 1754. He was appointed as the last Secretary of State for the Northern Department, serving from 1779 to 1782.

In 1783 he was appointed as Lord President of the Council, and again from 1794 to 1796. He served as Lord Justice General between 1778 and 1795. He was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1763 and made a Knight of the Thistle in 1768.

Family

Kenwood House front with extensions 2005
Kenwood House, London

Lord Mansfield married firstly Henrietta Frederica, daughter of Henry Graf Bunau, in 1759, whilst he was British ambassador to Saxony. They had one child, Lady Elizabeth Murray. Henrietta died in 1766. A decade later, Mansfield married secondly the Honourable Louisa Cathcart, daughter of Charles Cathcart, 9th Lord Cathcart, in 1776. Louisa was his junior by more than 30 years, and they had five children — Caroline, David, George, Charles, and Henry.

In 1793 he succeeded his uncle the first Lord Mansfield as the second Earl of Mansfield of the 1792 creation, while his wife succeeded as second Countess of Mansfield of the 1776 creation, according to special remainders in the letters patent. From the 1st Earl he inherited Kenwood House in the London Borough of Camden.

Lord Mansfield died in September 1796 and his body laid to rest with his uncle, the 1st Earl, in Westminster Abbey. [1] His heart was interred in Comlongon Castle. He was succeeded in his titles and to Kenwood House by his eldest son David. His second son, the Honourable George Murray, became a Lieutenant-General in the Army. His fourth son, the Honourable Sir Henry Murray, rose to the rank of General.

The Countess of Mansfield survived her husband by 47 years. She married the Honourable Robert Fulke Greville in 1797 and died in July 1843, aged 85.

References

  1. ^ "William Murray, Lord Mansfield". Westminster Abbey. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  • Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,
  • Tugdual de Langlais, L'armateur préféré de Beaumarchais Jean Peltier Dudoyer, de Nantes à l'Isle de France, Éd. Coiffard, 2015, 340 p. (ISBN 9782919339280).
  • Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages
  • Lundy, Darryl. "FAQ". The Peerage.

External links

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Charles Hanbury Williams
British Minister to Saxony
1755–1764
Succeeded by
Philip Stanhope
Preceded by
The Earl Harcourt
British Ambassador to France
1772–1778
Vacant
Title next held by
Thomas Grenville in 1782
Legal offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Queensberry
Lord Justice General
1778–1795
Succeeded by
The Duke of Montrose
Political offices
Preceded by
The Viscount Weymouth
Secretary of State for the Northern Department
1779–1782
Office abolished
Preceded by
The Viscount Weymouth
Leader of the House of Lords
1779–1782
Succeeded by
The Earl of Shelburne
Preceded by
The Lord Camden
Lord President of the Council
1783
Succeeded by
The Earl Gower
Preceded by
The Earl Fitzwilliam
Lord President of the Council
1794–1796
Succeeded by
The Earl of Chatham
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Murray
Earl of Mansfield
2nd creation
1793–1796
Succeeded by
David William Murray
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
David Murray
Viscount Stormont
1748–1796
Succeeded by
David William Murray
1796

1796 (MDCCXCVI)

was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1796th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 796th year of the 2nd millennium, the 96th year of the 18th century, and the 7th year of the 1790s decade. As of the start of 1796, the Gregorian calendar was

11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1796 in Great Britain

Events from the year 1796 in Great Britain.

Earl of Mansfield

Earl of Mansfield, in the County of Nottingham, and Earl of Mansfield, in the County of Middlesex, are two titles in the Peerage of Great Britain that have been united under a single holder since 1843.

Frederica Murray, Countess of Mansfield

Frederica Murray, Countess of Mansfield (1774 – 24 November 1837), formerly Frederica Markham, was the wife of David William Murray, 3rd Earl of Mansfield.

Frederica was one of the seven daughters of William Markham, Archbishop of York, and his wife, the former Sarah Goddard. She also had six brothers, one of whom was Admiral John Markham. Another, George, was Dean of York.

In 1796 Murray succeeded his father, David Murray, 2nd Earl of Mansfield, as Earl of Mansfield; he inherited Kenwood House in Camden, London. The family also had homes in Scotland and Ireland. The following year, on 16 September 1797, he married Frederica.They had nine children:

Lady Frederica Louisa Murray (1800–1823), who married James Hamilton Stanhope and had children

Lady Elizabeth Anne Murray (1803-1880), unmarried

Lady Caroline Murray (1805-1873), who became Lady of the Bedchamber to Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh

William David (1806–1898), who succeeded as 4th Earl of Mansfield, married Louisa Ellison, and had children

Lady Georgina Catherine Murray (1807-1871)

Honourable Charles John Murray (1810-1851), who married Frances Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Anson, 1st Viscount Anson, and had children

Honourable David Henry Murray (1811-1862), a captain in the Scots Fusilier Guards, who married Margaret Grant, Lady Gray, and had no children

Lady Cecilia Sarah Murray (1814–1830)

Lady Emily Murray (1816-1902), who married Francis Seymour, later 5th Marquess of Hertford, and had childrenThe countess's father, the Archbishop of York, died in 1807. The countess is thought to have been responsible for extensive works carried out on Kenwood House in the period 1813-1816, which necessitated a doubling of staff.

George Finch-Hatton, 10th Earl of Winchilsea

George William Finch-Hatton, 10th Earl of Winchilsea, 5th Earl of Nottingham (19 May 1791 – 8 January 1858) was an English politician known for duelling with Prime Minister Wellington.

George Finch-Hatton (MP for Rochester)

George Finch-Hatton (30 June 1747 – 17 February 1823) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1772 to 1784.

Henry Murray (British Army officer)

General The Honourable Sir Henry Murray (6 August 1784 – 29 July 1860) was a British Army officer who fought in the Napoleonic Wars. As the younger son of an earl, he is sometimes styled "the Honourable".

Julius Caesar Ibbetson

Julius Caesar Ibbetson (29 December 1759 – 13 October 1817) was a British 18th-century landscape and watercolour painter.

Kenwood House

Kenwood House (also known as the Iveagh Bequest) is a former stately home, in Hampstead, London, on the northern boundary of Hampstead Heath.

The house was originally constructed in the 17th century and served as a residence for the Earls of Mansfield through the 18th and 19th centuries. Part of the estate was bought by the Guinness family in the early 20th century, and the whole property and grounds came under ownership of the London County Council and was open to the public by the end of the 1920s. It remains a popular local tourist attraction.

Lady Elizabeth Murray

Lady Elizabeth Mary Murray (18 May 1760 – 1 June 1825) was a British aristocrat and the subject of a notable painting, once thought to be by Johann Zoffany, now attributed to David Martin

List of peers 1790–1799

This page lists all peers who held extant titles between the years 1790 and 1799.

Lord President of the Council

The Lord President of the Council is the fourth of the Great Officers of State of the United Kingdom, ranking below the Lord High Treasurer but above the Lord Privy Seal. The Lord President usually attends and is responsible for presiding over meetings of the Privy Council, presenting business for the monarch's approval. In the modern era, the holder is by convention always a member of one of the Houses of Parliament, and the office is normally a Cabinet post.

Lord President of the Court of Session

The Lord President of the Court of Session and Lord Justice General is the most senior judge in Scotland, the head of the judiciary, and the presiding judge of the College of Justice, the Court of Session, and the High Court of Justiciary. The Lord President holds the title of Lord Justice General of Scotland and the head of the High Court of Justiciary ex officio, as the two offices were combined in 1836. The Lord President has authority over any court established under Scots law, except for the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom and the Court of the Lord Lyon.

The current Lord President of the Court of Session is Lord Carloway, who was appointed to the position on 18 December 2015. They are paid according to Salary Group 1.1 of the Judicial Salaries Scale, which in 2016 was £222,862.

Louisa Murray, 2nd Countess of Mansfield

Louisa Murray, 2nd Countess of Mansfield (1758 – 11 July 1843), formerly Louisa Cathcart, was a Scottish noblewoman, who was married twice: first to David Murray, 2nd Earl of Mansfield, and then to the Hon. Robert Fulke Greville.

Louisa was the daughter of Charles Cathcart, 9th Lord Cathcart, and his wife, the former Jane Hamilton. She was baptised on 1st July 1758 at Alloa.On 5 May 1776, Louisa married the Scottish peer, the Viscount of Stormont. Thus she was known as Viscountess of Stormont. It was the viscount's second marriage, and he was thirty years older than Louisa. Their five children were:

David William Murray, 3rd Earl of Mansfield (1777-1840)

Lt.-Gen. Hon. George Murray (1780-1848)

Major Hon. Charles Murray (1781-1859), who married Elizabeth Law and had children

General Hon. Sir Henry Murray (1784-1860), who married Emily, daughter of Gerard de Vismé, and had children.

Lady Caroline Murray (died 1867)The family seat was Scone Palace, but the viscount was the British ambassador in Paris, where Madame du Deffand commented that his new wife “is pretty, she holds herself badly, and has not a charming manner, but her expression is full of intelligence” Improvements to Scone Palace were worked on by George Paterson until, in 1783, the house was considered suitable as a regular residence.

In 1776, Lord Stormont's uncle, William Murray, 1st Baron Mansfield was created Earl of Mansfield. He had no children of his own and so the title was created with a remainder to Louisa and her issue with Lord Stormont. The Complete Peerage notes: "The strange limitation of the Earldom in 1776 was doubtless owing to a notion then prevalent that no British peerage granted even in remainder to a Scottish peer would enable such peer to sit in Parliament. This was founded on the absurd resolution passed by the House of Lords in 1711 as to the like impotency of a British peerage granted to a peer of Scotland, which resolution was rescinded in 1782. Accordingly, in 1792, the limitation of the Earldom was made with a direct remainder to the grantee's nephew, though a peer of Scotland." Thus when her husband died in 1796, their son inherited the second creation. Louisa outlived her son and on her own death in 1843, the first creation was inherited by her grandson, William, the 4th earl.

On Lord Stormont's death, Louisa was still in her thirties and remarried her first cousin, Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Fulke Greville (a younger son of Francis Greville, 1st Earl of Warwick), on 19 October 1797 at St Marylebone Parish Church. By her second husband she had a further three children:

Lady Georgiana Greville (1798-1871), who married General Hon. Sir George Cathcart and had children

Lady Louisa Greville (1800-1883), who married Reverend Daniel Heneage Finch-Hatton and had children

The Hon. Robert Fulke Greville (1800-1867)The countess's portrait was painted by George Romney. She died on 11 July 1843 and was buried in her second husband's family tomb in the chapter house at St Mary's, Warwick.

Robert Adam

Robert Adam (3 July 1728 – 3 March 1792) was a Scottish neoclassical architect, interior designer and furniture designer. He was the son of William Adam (1689–1748), Scotland's foremost architect of the time, and trained under him. With his older brother John, Robert took on the family business, which included lucrative work for the Board of Ordnance, after William's death.

In 1754, he left for Rome, spending nearly five years on the continent studying architecture under Charles-Louis Clérisseau and Giovanni Battista Piranesi. On his return to Britain he established a practice in London, where he was joined by his younger brother James. Here he developed the "Adam Style", and his theory of "movement" in architecture, based on his studies of antiquity and became one of the most successful and fashionable architects in the country. Adam held the post of Architect of the King's Works from 1761 to 1769.

Robert Adam was a leader of the first phase of the classical revival in England and Scotland from around 1760 until his death. He influenced the development of Western architecture, both in Europe and in North America. Adam designed interiors and fittings as well as houses.He served as the member of Parliament for Kinross-shire from 1768 to 1774.

Scone Palace

Scone Palace is a Category A listed historic house and 5 star tourism attraction near the village of Scone and the city of Perth, Scotland. Built of red sandstone with a castellated roof, it is one of the finest examples of late Georgian Gothic style in the United Kingdom.

A place steeped in history, Scone was originally the site of an early Christian church, and later an Augustinian priory. In the 12th century, Scone Priory was granted abbey status and as a result an Abbot's residence – an Abbot's Palace – was constructed. It is for this reason (Scone's status as an abbey) that the current structure retains the name "Palace". Scone Abbey was severely damaged in 1559 during the Scottish Reformation after a mob whipped up by the famous reformer, John Knox, came to Scone from Dundee. Having survived the Reformation, the Abbey in 1600 became a secular Lordship (and home) within the parish of Scone, Scotland. The Palace has thus been home to the Earls of Mansfield for over 400 years. During the early 19th century the Palace was enlarged by the architect William Atkinson. In 1802, David William Murray, 3rd Earl of Mansfield, commissioned Atkinson to extend the Palace, recasting the late 16th-century Palace of Scone. The 3rd Earl tasked Atkinson with updating the old Palace whilst maintaining characteristics of the medieval Gothic abbey buildings it was built upon, with the majority of work finished by 1808.

Landscaping work around the Palace was undertaken by John Claudius Loudon. Loudon was, similarly to Atkinson, tasked with designing a landscape to remain in keeping with, as well as highlighting, the historic significance of Scone. Scone was for nearly 1000 years the crowning-place of Scottish kings and the home of the Stone of Scone. It is a site of immense historic significance. Further work was undertaken in 1842 to make Scone Palace ready for the visit of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. The vast majority of this work was to the interior decor although did include the provision of running water a huge cost to the Earl. Many of the original early 19th-century interior designs survive, including several ornately carved and vaulted ceilings.

Scone Palace is a 5-star tourism attraction. The State Rooms are open each year from April till the end of October. It is possible for groups to organize visits during the winter months. The Palace grounds are also open to the public. The gardens include the famous David Douglas Pinetum plus a star-shaped maze. The Palace also hosts multiple outdoor events including the Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust's Scottish Game Fair, Rewind Festival, and the Farming of Yesteryear among many others.

Thomas Grenville

Thomas Grenville (31 December 1755 – 17 December 1846) was a British politician and bibliophile.

William Fullarton

Col William Fullarton of Fullarton (1754–1808) was a Scottish soldier, statesman, agriculturalist and author. He sat in the House of Commons between 1779 and 1803.

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