David Hayter

David Hayter (born February 6, 1969) is a Canadian-American actor, voice actor, screenwriter, director and producer. He is well known as the English voice actor for Solid Snake and Naked Snake throughout many titles in the Metal Gear video game series. His works as a screenwriter include X-Men, X2 and Watchmen.

David Hayter
David Hayter 2006-09-21
Hayter at the September 21, 2006 Video Games Live in Los Angeles, California
David Bryan Hayter

February 6, 1969 (age 50)
Other namesSean Barker
OccupationActor, voice actor, screenwriter, director, producer
Years active1993–present

Early life

Hayter was born in Santa Monica, California to Canadian parents. He started acting at the age of 9. Hayter spent most of his childhood living around the world and at the age of 15, Hayter moved to Kobe, Japan where he graduated from the Canadian Academy, an international school, in 1987. After high school, he attended Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute for two years until transferring to Ryerson University in Toronto, Ontario, Canada where he stayed until the age of 20, when he moved to Hollywood.[1]


Early acting career

Hayter did some live acting in the early 1990s, but became interested in voice acting after acting in an episode of the sitcom Major Dad, and later landed the role of Captain America in the popular 1994 Spider-Man animated series.[2] He also provided the voice of Arsène Lupin III in the English version of the anime film The Castle of Cagliostro and the voice of Tamahome in the English version of the anime series Fushigi Yūgi. He also starred in the 1994 straight-to-video movie Guyver: Dark Hero as the protagonist Sean Barker (a role he took from actor Jack Armstrong), and have used the characters' name as an alias in various work credits.

Metal Gear series

Hayter began providing the English voice of Metal Gear series protagonist Solid Snake in the 1998 video game Metal Gear Solid, which also served as the series's transition from 2D to 3D. Hayter would go on to play Solid Snake and his predecessor Naked Snake throughout all the succeeding installments (including spinoffs, re-releases and adaptations) up until Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker in 2010. Hayter also has an extended live-action cameo as himself in one of the fictional TV programs prior to the start of Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots (2008); where he wears the "Solid Eye", the technologically advanced eye patch that Snake wears throughout the game. Outside the Metal Gear series, Hayter also voiced Snake in Super Smash Bros. Brawl (2008) and Super Smash Bros. Ultimate (2018).

His work with the Metal Gear series has also led Hayter to do voice work in other video game projects such as Eternal Darkness: Sanity's Requiem and Star Wars: The Old Republic. He cited the series as an influence on his screenwriting, stating that "Kojima and I have different styles," "but I've certainly learned things from him, especially about ambiguity and telling a story without giving all the answers."[3]

Hayter is one of the few Metal Gear actors to have played and completed the games he's voiced in.[4] According to an interview with Paul Eiding, Hayter gave up half of his own paycheck in order to bring back the cast of the original Metal Gear Solid for the 2004 remake Metal Gear Solid: The Twin Snakes.

Following the announcement of Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain in the 2013 Game Developers Conference, Hayter announced that he was not asked to reprise the role of Snake for this entry.[5] This was later confirmed when Konami announced that Kiefer Sutherland would be the new voice of Snake during E3 the same year.[6] Hayter has since revealed in an interview that he had to re-audition for the role in Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater (2004), suggesting that the series' creator Hideo Kojima was already considering recasting the part much earlier, with Kurt Russell (Snake Plissken in Escape from New York and Escape from L.A.) having allegedly been offered the role during the development of Metal Gear Solid 3.[7]

After Kojima's departure from Konami following the release of The Phantom Pain, Hayter would reprise the role of Snake in a Metal Gear Solid-themed advertisement for the 2016 Ford Focus SE aired in 2016.[8] In 2018, Hayter provided Snake's voice in two video games: Super Bomberman R (which added two playable characters based on both, Solid Snake and Naked Snake, in an update) and Super Smash Bros. Ultimate.[9]


In 2000, he wrote the screenplay for the movie version of X-Men, and then went on to co-write the screenplay for its sequel X2 with writing team Michael Dougherty and Dan Harris. Shortly after his work on X-Men, Hayter was hired to write and direct a project based on the heroine Black Widow.[10] However, due to the limited success of similar themed films featuring female vigilante protagonists at the time, Marvel withdrew their offer to Hayter stating, "We don’t think it’s time to do this movie". Hayter's daughter Natasha, born whilst he was writing the Black Widow script, is named after the titular character.[11]

Hayter also wrote an adaptation of the graphic novel Watchmen by Alan Moore and David Gibbons. Noted for being a harsh critic of translations of his works to film, Moore said of the script "David Hayter's screenplay was as close as I could imagine anyone getting to [a film version of] Watchmen. That said, I shan't be going to see it. My book is a comic book. Not a movie, not a novel. A comic book. It's been made in a certain way, and designed to be read a certain way."[12] Hayter and writer Alex Tse shared credit on the finished screenplay. Tse drew "the best elements" from two of the project's previous drafts written by screenwriter Hayter.[13] The script did not keep the contemporary atmosphere that Hayter created, but instead returned to the original Cold War setting of the Watchmen comic.[14] Warner Bros. was amenable to the 1980s setting, and the director also added a title montage sequence to introduce the audience to the events of alternate history United States in that time period.[15]

On September 7, 2012, it was announced that Hayter would pen the screen adaptation Caught Stealing, and would star Patrick Wilson and Alec Baldwin.[16]

On September 13, 2012, Hayter began filming on his directorial debut, Wolves.[17]

On July 8, 2013, Hayter was hired by Lakeshore Entertainment to write the film The Sword, based on the Image Comics series.[18]

On August 7, 2013, it was announced Hayter was developing a television show on Fox tentatively titled World War III, about a fiction global conflict that chronicles "a perfect storm of world events places us in the center of a global battle which may bring the world as we know it to an end." Hayter will be writing the series' story bible and pilot episode, as well as producing and serving as showrunner.[19]



Year Title Role Notes
1994 Moldiver Hiroshi Ozora
1996 Rakusho! Hyper Doll Reporter as Sean Barker
They Were Eleven Doricas Soldam IV as Sean Barker
1997 Street Fighter II V Additional Voices as Sean Barker
Black Jack Leslie Harris as Sean Barker
1998–2000 Fushigi Yûgi Tamahome / Taka Sukunami / Yoshui as Sean Barker
1998 Giant Robo: The Animation Shoji Gen as Sean Barker
Yu Yu Hakusho: The Movie Kurama as Sean Barker
1999 Mobile Suit Gundam 0080: War in the Pocket Bernard Wiseman as Sean Barker[20]
2000 The Castle of Cagliostro Arsène Lupin III as Sean Barker
2000–01 Dual! Parallel Trouble Adventure Additional Voices


Year Title Role Notes
1996–97 Spider-Man: The Animated Series Captain America TV series; 8 episodes
2012 Metal Gear Solid: Digital Graphic Novel Solid Snake Motion comic adaptations of the Metal Gear Solid graphic novels illustrated by Ashley Wood; Both were produced in 2008, but were unreleased outside Japan until their inclusion in the Metal Gear Solid: The Legacy Collection box set.
Metal Gear Solid 2: Digital Graphic Novel

Video games

Year Title Role Notes
1998 Metal Gear Solid Solid Snake
2001 Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty Solid Snake
2002 Eternal Darkness: Sanity's Requiem Roman Legionnaire 1 / Roman Legionnaire 2 / Angkor Thom Guard
2004 Metal Gear Solid: The Twin Snakes Solid Snake
Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater Naked Snake
2005 Metal Gear Acid 2 Snake
2006 Metal Gear Solid: Portable Ops Naked Snake
2008 Super Smash Bros. Brawl Snake
Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots Old Snake Also has a live-action cameo playing himself.
2010 Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker Big Boss Credited as "Snake"
2011 Star Wars: The Old Republic Jedi Knight Male[21]
2013 Marvel Heroes Winter Soldier
2013-15 République Daniel Zager
2014 Oddworld: New 'n' Tasty! Mudokons
2015 Dragon Age: Inquisition Lieutenant Renn The Descent DLC
2016 The Long Dark Jeremiah
Deponia Doomsday Old Rufus
2018 Super Bomberman R Solid Snake Bomber / Naked Snake Bomber Characters added in the Ver. 2.1 update patch released on June 27, 2018.
Super Smash Bros. Ultimate Snake
2019 Bloodstained: Ritual of the Night Zangetsu Originally cast as Gebel, before the role was recast to Ray Chase

Live action

Year Film Director Producer Writer Actor Role Notes
1993 Major Dad No No No Yes Misha Sarotsky 1 episode; "From Russia with Like"
1994 Guyver: Dark Hero No No No Yes Sean Barker Main role
Long Shadows No No No Yes Ed's secretary TV movie
1996 The Great War and the Shaping of the 20th Century No No No Yes Voice 2 episodes; "Stalemate" and "Total War"
1997 Drive No No No Yes Cop #1
1998 Burn No Yes No Yes Tom Rice Main role
2000 Wild on the Set No No No Yes Narrator TV series
X-Men No No Yes Yes Museum Cop
2002 Lost in Oz No Yes Yes No TV movie
The Scorpion King No No Yes No
2003 X2 No No Yes No
2009 Hey Ash, Whatcha Playin'? No No No Yes 1 episode; "The Sons of Big Boss". Voice Only
2009 Watchmen No No Yes No
2010 Chasm Yes No Yes No Short
2014 Devil's Mile No No No Yes Toby McTeague Main role
Wolves Yes No Yes No Directorial debut
2015 A Christmas Horror Story No Yes No No Executive producer only
2016 The Flash No No No Yes King Shark Voice Only
2017 The Jimquisition No No No Yes 1 episode; "Slay to Pay". Voice Only
TBA Untitled Voltron live-action film No No Yes No


  1. ^ Crew, TWiG. "TWiG – David Hayter Special Interview".
  2. ^ "A chat with Solid Snake: David Hayter on Marvel Heroes, voice acting, and if video game movies will ever be good". PCGamesN.
  3. ^ Fitch, Andrew (May 7, 2008). "Anime Expo: David Hayter Critical of Some MGS Moments". 1UP.com. Retrieved March 2, 2012.
  4. ^ "UK PSP". Archived from the original on 17 January 2007. Retrieved 15 December 2006.
  5. ^ Narcisse, Evan (27 March 2013). "Beloved Solid Snake Voice Actor Says He Wasn't Asked to Be in Metal Gear Solid V". Kotaku. Gawker Media. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  6. ^ Goldfarb, Andrew (June 6, 2013). "Kiefer Sutherland Playing Snake in Metal Gear Solid V". IGN. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  7. ^ Carson, Ben (March 25, 2016). "The Inside Story Of Recording Metal Gear Solid". Game Informer. Retrieved April 11, 2016.
  8. ^ "David Hayter reprises Metal Gear Solid role in Ford commercials". Eurogamer.net. April 8, 2016. Retrieved April 9, 2016.
  9. ^ Hilliard, Kyle. "David Hayter Is Voicing Snake For His Return In Super Smash Bros. Ultimate". Game Informer. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  10. ^ "Could Marvel revive Black Widow film?". 21 July 2014.
  11. ^ McMillan, Graeme (2010-02-28). "How Aeon Flux Killed Black Widow and Made Iron Man 2 the Movie it is Today". i09.
  12. ^ Jensen, Jeff (2005-10-21). "Watchmen: An Oral History". Entertainment Weekly.
  13. ^ Gregory Ellwood (2006-07-18). "World awaits Watchmen". Variety. Retrieved 2006-09-23.
  14. ^ "Exclusive: Zack Snyder talks Watchmen". Empire. 2006-10-05. Retrieved 2006-10-05.
  15. ^ Patrick Lee (2006-11-09). "Snyder: Watchmen Remains True". Sci Fi Wire. Archived from the original on 2007-09-01. Retrieved 2006-11-09.
  16. ^ McClintock, Pamela (7 September 2012). "The Hollywood Reporter". Retrieved 9 September 2012.
  17. ^ "Dark Horizons".
  18. ^ Sneider, Jeff. "'Watchmen' Writer David Hayter to Adapt 'The Sword' for Lakeshore". The Wrap. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
  19. ^ Marnell, Blair. "Fox Starts 'World War III' With David Hayter". Crave Online. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
  20. ^ http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/buried-treasure/2007-08-16
  21. ^ BioWare (2011-12-20). Star Wars: The Old Republic. Electronic Arts, LucasArts. Scene: closing credits, 9:50 in, English Cast.

External links

27th Saturn Awards

The 27th Saturn Awards, honoring the best in science fiction, fantasy and horror film and television in 2000, were held on 12 June 2001.Below is a complete list of nominees and winners. Winners are highlighted in bold.

Big Boss (Metal Gear)

Big Boss is one of the central characters of the Metal Gear series created by Hideo Kojima and developed and published by Konami. Introduced in the early entries of the series as the commanding officer and subsequent nemesis of his son Solid Snake, he is later featured in the prequel games as Naked Snake, an American Special Forces Operator and decorated war hero until political manipulations cause him to be disillusioned and start his own private mercenary company.

In the series' Japanese versions, Big Boss is voiced by Akio Ōtsuka and Chikao Ōtsuka. In the English versions, Big Boss is voiced by David Hayter, Kiefer Sutherland, and Richard Doyle. The character has been praised by video game publications for his role as a villain as well for his relationship with Solid Snake.

Christopher Randolph

Christopher Randolph (born 1959 in Boston, Massachusetts) is an American actor known for providing the English voice for Hal "Otacon" Emmerich and Dr. "Huey" Emmerich in the Metal Gear Solid series. Prior to landing his role as Otacon, he auditioned for multiple parts, including Solid Snake. After David Hayter was recast from playing Snake in Metal Gear Solid V: Ground Zeroes, Randolph became the longest serving English voice actor in franchise, having a role in all but one main Metal Gear Solid series game since 1998. He also writes, directs, and teaches acting.His on-screen guest appearances include TV shows such as Will & Grace, Doogie Howser, M.D., Mad About You, American Masters and NewsRadio. He's appeared on several soap operas, including Days of Our Lives, As the World Turns, and Guiding Light, where he continues to recur as ER Doctor Tompkins, and he has leading roles in the short films Convention, directed by Ryan Fleck (Half Nelson), and Pumpkin Hell, directed by Max Finneran. His numerous stage credits include King Lear on Broadway with Christopher Plummer, and many Off-Broadway and regional productions around the country. He is the brother of actress Tod Randolph, and singer/songwriter Nick Randolph of the group Stonehoney.

Devil's Mile

Devil's Mile is a 2014 American-Canadian horror film and the feature film directorial debut of Joseph O'Brien, who also co-wrote the script and created the film's special effects. The film premiered at the Fantasia Film Festival on July 26, 2014 and is scheduled for release on DVD and VOD on August 12, 2014. It stars David Hayter as a mob enforcer that finds himself embroiled in strange supernatural occurrences while transporting hostages through a detour.Of the film's casting, O'Brien chose to bring on del Mar due to having worked with her in the past and chose Hayter due to being familiar with his work.

Hayter (surname)

Hayter is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Adrian Hayter (1914–1990), New Zealand soldier, sailor, Antarctic leader and author

Alethea Hayter (1911–2006), English writer

Arthur Hayter, 1st Baron Haversham (1835-1917), British politician

Charles Hayter (1761–1835), English miniature painter

Charles Hayter (secretary) (died 1948), Australian football club manager and secretary

Charles Hayter, a minor character in the novel Persuasion by Jane Austen

David Hayter (born 1969), Canadian-American actor and screenwriter

Ernest Hayter (1913-2005), English cricketer

George Hayter (1792–1871), English painter

Harrison Hayter (1825–1898), British engineer

Henry Heylyn Hayter (1821–1895), Australian statistician

Jack Hayter, British musician

James Hayter (actor) (1907–1983), British actor

James Hayter (footballer) (born 1979), English footballer

James Hayter (rugby union) (born 1978), English former rugby union player

John Hayter (1800–1895), English painter

John Hayter (antiquary) (1756–1818), English churchman and academic

Montague Hayter (1871–1948), English cricketer

Paul Hayter (born 1942), senior British civil servant

Sean Hayter, Australian musician with the band Lucius Hunt

Stanley William Hayter (1901–1988), British painter

Sir William Hayter, 1st Baronet (1792–1878), British barrister and politician

William Hayter (diplomat) (1906–1995), British diplomat, ambassador to the Soviet Union and author

William Hayter (priest) (1858–1935), British dean and teacher

Hulk (film)

Hulk is a 2003 American superhero film based on the fictional Marvel Comics character of the same name directed by Ang Lee which stars Eric Bana as the title character, Jennifer Connelly as Betty Ross, Sam Elliott as General Thaddeus E. "Thunderbolt" Ross, Josh Lucas, and Nick Nolte as Bruce's father. The film explores the origins of Bruce Banner, who after a lab accident involving gamma radiation finds himself able to turn into a huge green-skinned monster whenever he is emotionally provoked or stressed, while he is pursued by the United States military and comes into a conflict with his biological father, who has his own dark agenda for his son.

Development for the film started as far back as 1990. The film was at one point to be directed by Joe Johnston and then Jonathan Hensleigh. More scripts had been written by Hensleigh, John Turman, Michael France, Zak Penn (who would go on to write The Incredible Hulk), J. J. Abrams, Scott Alexander and Larry Karaszewski, Michael Tolkin, and David Hayter before Ang Lee and James Schamus' involvement. Hulk was shot mostly in California, primarily in the San Francisco Bay Area.

Hulk was a commercial success, grossing over $245 million worldwide, higher than its $137 million budget. However, it received mixed reviews from critics and audiences with criticism for its CGI aspects, pacing, bleak tone and lack of action though it was praised for its ambition, performances and complexity (especially compared to other superhero films at the time). A reboot, titled The Incredible Hulk, was released on June 13, 2008 as the second film of the Marvel Cinematic Universe.

King Shark

King Shark (Nanaue) is a fictional supervillain appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. The character was created by Karl Kesel and made a brief cameo in Superboy vol. 4, #0 (Oct. 1994) before making his first full appearance in Superboy vol. 4, #9 (Nov. 1994).

King Shark made his live appearance on the Arrowverse television series The Flash voiced by David Hayter and portrayed in CGI.


Moldiver (モルダイバー, Morudaibā) is a 6-episode 1993 OVA anime series. It is a parody of magical girl and superhero anime series.


Reelside is a 2015 Canadian documentary television series about the creative process of Canadian filmmakers that premiered on The Movie Network on June 4, 2015.

Reelside's first season features: Sarah Gadon and Caitlin Cronenberg, George A. Romero, Seth Rogen, Evan Goldberg, and Matthew Bass, Vincenzo Natali, Michael Hogan, Graeme Manson, Don McKellar, Bruce McDonald, Matthew Hannam, Stephen Amell, David Hayter, and Lloyd Kaufman. Reelside is produced by Fifth Ground Entertainment.Reelside marks the directorial debut of actress/model Sarah Gadon with her episode featuring her own creative relationship with photographer and frequent collaborator, Caitlin Cronenberg.Reelside has been nominated for two 2016 Canadian Screen Awards including Best Biography or Arts Documentary Program or Series and Best Direction in a Documentary or Factual Series for "Superheroes".

Saturn Award for Best Writing

The Saturn Award for Best Writing is a Saturn Award presented by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films.

Unlike most awards rewarding writing in films, it recognizes only the writer(s) of the screenplay, and not those of the story.

Solid Snake

Solid Snake is a video game character and one of the primary protagonists of the Metal Gear series created by Hideo Kojima and developed and published by Konami. The cloned "son" of the legendary soldier Big Boss, he is depicted as a former Green Beret and a highly skilled special operations soldier engaged in solo stealth and espionage missions, who is often tasked with destroying models of the bipedal nuclear weapon-armed mecha known as Metal Gear. Controlled by the player, he must act alone, supported via radio by commanding officers and specialists. While his first appearances in the original Metal Gear games were references to Hollywood films, the Metal Gear Solid series has given a consistent design by artist Yoji Shinkawa alongside an established personality.

During the Metal Gear Solid games, the character has been voiced by Akio Ōtsuka in the Japanese version and by actor and screenwriter David Hayter in the English version. Considered to be one of the most popular protagonists in the video game industry, Snake has been acclaimed by critics, with his personality and both Ōtsuka's and Hayter's voice acting being noted as primary factors of the character's appeal.

The Scorpion King

The Scorpion King is a 2002 American historical fantasy action film directed by Chuck Russell, starring The Rock, Kelly Hu, Grant Heslov, and Michael Clarke Duncan. It is a prequel of The Mummy franchise, which takes place before the events of The Mummy and tells the story of Mathayus and his rise to become the Scorpion King.

The events of The Scorpion King take place 5,000 years before those in The Mummy and The Mummy Returns, and reveal Mathayus' origins and his rise to power as the Scorpion King. The name is a reference to a historical king of the Protodynastic Period of Egypt, King Scorpion.

Watchmen (film)

Watchmen is a 2009 American neo-noir superhero film directed by Zack Snyder, based on the 1986–87 DC Comics limited series of the same name by Alan Moore and Dave Gibbons. It stars an ensemble cast of Malin Åkerman, Billy Crudup, Matthew Goode, Carla Gugino, Jackie Earle Haley, Jeffrey Dean Morgan, and Patrick Wilson. A dark satirical and dystopian take on the superhero genre, the film is set in an alternate history in the year 1985 at the height of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union, as a group of mostly retired American superheroes investigates the murder of one of their own before uncovering an elaborate and deadly conspiracy, while their moral limitations are challenged by the complex nature of the circumstances.

From October 1987 until October 2005, a live-action film adaptation of the Watchmen series became stranded in development hell; producer Lawrence Gordon began developing the project at 20th Century Fox and Warner Bros., the parent company of Watchmen publisher DC Comics, with producer Joel Silver and director Terry Gilliam, with the latter eventually deeming the complex comic "un-filmable". During the 2000s, Gordon and Lloyd Levin collaborated with Universal Studios and Paramount Pictures to produce a script by David Hayter; Darren Aronofsky and Paul Greengrass were also attached to the project before it was cancelled over budget disputes; and in October 2005, the project returned to Warner Bros., where Snyder was hired to direct; Paramount remained as its international distributor whereas Warner Bros. would distribute the film in the United States. However, Fox sued Warner Bros. for copyright violation arising from Gordon's failure to pay a buy-out in 1991, which enabled him to develop the film at the other studios. Fox and Warner Bros. settled this before the film's release, with Fox receiving a portion of the gross. Principal photography began in Vancouver, September 2007. As with his previous film 300, Snyder closely modelled his storyboards on the comic, but chose not to shoot all of Watchmen using green screens and opted for real sets instead.

Following its world premiere at Odeon Leicester Square on February 23, 2009, the film was released in both conventional and IMAX theaters on March 6, 2009, and grossed $55 million on its opening weekend and over $185 million at the worldwide box office. The film's reception has been very polarized, with many critics voicing either strong positive or negative views. A DVD based on elements of the Watchmen universe was released, including an animated adaptation of the comic Tales of the Black Freighter within the story starring Gerard Butler, and the fictional biography Under the Hood, detailing the older generation of superheroes from the film's back-story. A director's cut with 24 minutes of additional footage was released in July 2009. The "Ultimate Cut" edition incorporated the animated comic Tales of the Black Freighter into the narrative as it was in the original graphic novel, lengthening the runtime to 3 hours and 35 minutes, and was released on November 3, 2009.

Wolves (2014 film)

Wolves is a 2014 Canadian action horror film directed by David Hayter.

World Events Productions

World Events Productions (WEP) is an American-based animation and distribution company in St. Louis, Missouri, best known for releasing the anime titles Voltron, Defender of the Universe and Saber Rider and the Star Sheriffs, as well as producing the original animated series Denver, the Last Dinosaur.

X-Men (film)

X-Men is a 2000 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics superhero team of the same name. Directed by Bryan Singer and written by David Hayter, it features an ensemble cast consisting of Hugh Jackman, Patrick Stewart, Ian McKellen, Halle Berry, Famke Janssen, James Marsden, Bruce Davison, Rebecca Romijn-Stamos, Ray Park, and Anna Paquin. The film depicts a world where a small proportion of people are mutants, whose possession of superhuman powers makes them distrusted by normal humans. It focuses on mutants Wolverine and Rogue as they are brought into a conflict between two groups that have radically different approaches to bringing about the acceptance of mutant-kind: Professor Xavier's X-Men, and the Brotherhood of Mutants, led by Magneto.

Development of X-Men began as far back as 1984 with Orion Pictures, with James Cameron and Kathryn Bigelow in discussions at one point. The film rights were bought by 20th Century Fox in 1994, and various scripts and film treatments were commissioned from Andrew Kevin Walker, John Logan, Joss Whedon, and Michael Chabon. Singer signed to direct in 1996, with further rewrites by Ed Solomon, Singer, Tom DeSanto, Christopher McQuarrie, and Hayter, in which Beast and Nightcrawler were deleted over budget concerns from Fox. X-Men marked the Hollywood debut for Jackman, a last-second choice for Wolverine, cast three weeks into filming. Filming took place from September 22, 1999 to March 3, 2000, primarily in Toronto.

X-Men premiered at Ellis Island on July 12, 2000, and was released in the United States on July 14, 2000. It was a box office success, grossing over $296.3 million worldwide, and received positive reviews from critics, citing its performances, story, and thematic depth. The film's success led to a series of sequels, prequels, and spin-offs, with the overall success of the series spawning a reemergence of superhero films, a genre that would remain highly popular for the next two decades.

X2 (film)

X2 (often promoted as X2: X-Men United and internationally as X-Men 2) is a 2003 American superhero film based on the X-Men superhero team appearing in Marvel Comics. It is the sequel to 2000's X-Men, as well as the second installment in the X-Men film series, and was directed by Bryan Singer and written by Michael Dougherty, Dan Harris, and David Hayter. It features an ensemble cast including Patrick Stewart, Hugh Jackman, Ian McKellen, Halle Berry, Famke Janssen, James Marsden, Rebecca Romijn-Stamos, Brian Cox, Alan Cumming, Bruce Davison, and Anna Paquin. Its plot, inspired by the graphic novel God Loves, Man Kills, pits the X-Men and their enemies, the Brotherhood, against the genocidal Colonel William Stryker (Brian Cox); he leads an assault on Professor Xavier's school to build his own version of Xavier's mutant-tracking computer Cerebro, in order to destroy every mutant on Earth and to "save" the human race from them.

Development on the sequel began shortly after the first film was released in 2000. David Hayter and Zak Penn wrote separate scripts, combining what they felt to be the best elements of both scripts into one screenplay. Michael Dougherty and Dan Harris were eventually hired to rewrite the work, and changed the characterizations of Beast, Angel, and Lady Deathstrike. Sentinels and the Danger Room were set to appear before being deleted because of budget concerns. The film's premise was influenced by the Marvel Comics storylines Return to Weapon X and God Loves, Man Kills. Filming began in June 2002 and ended that November, mostly taking place at Vancouver Film Studios, the largest North American production facility outside of Los Angeles. Production designer Guy Hendrix Dyas adapted similar designs by John Myhre from the previous film.

X2 was released in the United States on May 2, 2003, and received positive reviews for its storyline, action sequences, and performances. The film grossed over approximately $407 million worldwide, and received eight Saturn Awards nominations.

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