David Harvey

David W. Harvey FBA (born 31 October 1935) is a British-born Marxist scholar and Distinguished Professor of anthropology and geography at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York (CUNY). He received his PhD in geography from the University of Cambridge in 1961. Harvey has authored many books and essays that have been prominent in the development of modern geography as a discipline. He is a proponent of the idea of the right to the city.

In 2007, Harvey was listed as the 18th most-cited author of books in the humanities and social sciences in that year, as established by counting cites from academic journals in the Thomson Reuters ISI database.[1] Some of the artists influenced by Harvey's work are Elisheva Levy in Israel and Theaster Gates in Chicago.

David Harvey

David Harvey2
Born31 October 1935 (age 83)
NationalityBritish
Alma materSt John's College, Cambridge
Known forMarxist geography, quantitative revolution in geography, critical geography, economic anthropology, political anthropology, right to the city,
Time space compression, Accumulation by dispossession
Scientific career
FieldsAnthropology, Geography, political economy, social theory
InstitutionsCity University of New York
ThesisAspects of agricultural and rural change in Kent, 1800–1900 (1961)
InfluencesMarx, Lefebvre, Engels, Bookchin, Gramsci, Radhakrishnan
InfluencedNeil Smith, Andy Merrifield, Erik Swyngedouw, Miguel Robles-Durán, the development of Marxist geography, critical geography and human geography as well as Anthropology as disciplines

Background

David Harvey lecturing a class

Harvey attended Gillingham Grammar School for Boys and St John's College, Cambridge (for both his undergraduate and post-graduate studies). Harvey's early work, beginning with his PhD (on hops production in 19th century Kent), was historical in nature, emerging from a regional-historical tradition of inquiry widely used at Cambridge and in Britain at that time. Historical inquiry runs through his later works (for example on Paris).

Harvey resides in New York. He has a daughter Delfina born in January, 1990.[2]

Life and work

David Harvey on Subversive Festival
David Harvey at Subversive Festival

By the mid-1960s, Harvey followed trends in the social sciences to employ quantitative methods, contributing to spatial science and positivist theory. Roots of this work were visible while he was at Cambridge: the Department of Geography also housed Richard Chorley, and Peter Haggett. His Explanation in Geography (1969) was a landmark text in the methodology and philosophy of geography, applying principles drawn from the philosophy of science in general to the field of geographical knowledge. But after its publication Harvey moved on again, to become concerned with issues of social injustice and the nature of the capitalist system itself. He has never returned to embrace the arguments made in Explanation, but still he conforms to the critique of absolute space and exceptionalism in geography of the regional-historical tradition that he saw as an outcome of Kantian synthetic a priori knowledge.

Moving from Bristol University to Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore in the USA, he positioned himself centrally in the newly emerging field of radical and Marxist geography. Injustice, racism, and exploitation were visible in Baltimore, and activism around these issues was tangible in early 1970s East Coast, perhaps more so than in Britain. The journal Antipode was formed at Clark University; Harvey was one of the first contributors. The Boston Association of American Geographers meetings in 1971 were a landmark, with Harvey and others disrupting the traditional approach of their peers. In 1972, in a famous essay on ghetto formation, he argued for the creation of "revolutionary theory", theory "validated through revolutionary practice".

Social Justice and the City (1973) expressed Harvey's position that geography could not remain 'objective' in the face of urban poverty and associated ills. It has been cited widely (over 6600 times, by 2017, in a discipline where 50 citations are rare), and it makes a significant contribution to Marxian theory by arguing that capitalism annihilates space to ensure its own reproduction. Dialectical materialism has guided his subsequent work, notably the theoretically sophisticated Limits to Capital (1982), which furthers the radical geographical analysis of capitalism, and several books on urban processes and urban life have followed it. The Condition of Postmodernity (1989), written while a Professor at Oxford, was a best-seller (the London The Independent named it as one of the fifty most important works of non-fiction to be published since 1945, and it is cited 30,000 times by 2017). It is a materialist critique of postmodern ideas and arguments, suggesting these actually emerge from contradictions within capitalism itself. Justice, Nature and the Geography of Difference (1996) focuses on social and environmental justice (although its dialectical perspective has attracted the ire of some Greens). Spaces of Hope (2000) has an utopian theme and indulges in speculative thinking about how an alternative world might look. His study of Second Empire Paris and the events surrounding the Paris Commune in Paris, Capital of Modernity, is undoubtedly his most elaborated historical-geographical work. The onset of US military action since 2001 has provoked a blistering critique – in The New Imperialism (2003) he argues that the war in Iraq allows US neo-conservatives to divert attention from the failures of capitalism 'at home'. His next work, A Brief History of Neoliberalism (2005), provides an historical examination of the theory and divergent practices of neoliberalism since the mid-1970s. This work conceptualises the neoliberalised global political economy as a system that benefits few at the expense of many, and which has resulted in the (re)creation of class distinction through what Harvey calls "accumulation by dispossession". His book The Enigma of Capital (2010) takes a long view of the contemporary economic crisis. Harvey explains how capitalism came to dominate the world and why it resulted in the financial crisis. He describes that the essence of capitalism is its amorality and lawlessness and to talk of a regulated, ethical capitalism is to make a fundamental error.[3] A series of events linked to this book across London academic forums, such as the LSE, proved hugely popular and sparked a new interest in Harvey's work.

Harvey returned to Johns Hopkins from Oxford in 1993, but spent increasing time elsewhere as a speaker and visitor, notably as a salaried Miliband Fellow at the London School of Economics in the late 1990s. In 1996, he delivered the Ellen Churchill Semple lecture at UK Geography.[4] He moved to the City University of New York in 2001 as a Distinguished Professor, now residing in its Department of Anthropology. He has spent most of his academic career in Anglo-America, with brief sojourns in France and a range of foreign visiting appointments (currently as acting Advisory Professor at Tongji University in Shanghai). He has supervised many PhD students. Several of these, such as Neil Smith, Richard Walker, Erik Swyngedouw, Michael Johns, Maarten Hajer, Patrick Bond, Melissa Wright, and Greg Ruiters now hold or held important academic positions themselves. In 2013 Harvey was asked by the Republic of Ecuador to help set up the National Strategic Center for the Right to the Territory (CENEDET),[5] which he directed with the urbanist Miguel Robles-Durán until its alleged forced closure in 2017.

Critical response to Harvey's work has been sustained. In the early years, there was competition between Harvey and proponents of quantitative and non-politicized geography, notably Brian Berry. A recent critical appraisal (Castree & Gregory, 2006) explores some critiques of Harvey in detail.

Reading Marx's Capital

Two constants in Harvey's life and work have been teaching a course on Marx's Capital[6] and his support for student activism and community and labour movements (notably in Baltimore). His course was put into a Youtube lecture series,[7] which gained immense popularity and resulted in two companion books for the two volumes of Marx's Capital.[8]

Recognition

David Harvey is widely recognized as a foundational scholar in urban geography.[9] Harvey's books have been widely translated. He holds honorary doctorates from Roskilde (Denmark), Buenos Aires (Argentina), Faculty of Social Sciences at Uppsala University[10] (Sweden), Ohio State University (USA), Lund University (Sweden) and the University of Kent (UK). Among other awards he has received the Anders Retzius Gold Medal of the Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography, the Patron's Medal of the Royal Geographical Society and the Vautrin Lud International Prize in Geography (France). He was made a fellow of the British Academy in 1998, and was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2007. He is a member of the Interim Committee for the emerging International Organization for a Participatory Society.[11]

Affiliated institutions

  • B.A. (Hons) St Johns College, Cambridge, 1957
  • PhD St Johns College, Cambridge, 1961.
  • Post-doc, University of Uppsala, Sweden 1960–1961
  • Lecturer, Geography, University of Bristol, UK (1961–1969)
  • Associate Professor, Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, (1969–1973)
  • Professor, Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering, Johns Hopkins University (1973–1987, and 1993–2001)
  • Halford Mackinder Professor of Geography, University of Oxford (1987–1993)
  • Distinguished Professor, Dept. of Anthropology, City University of New York (2001–present)

Bibliography

  • Explanation in Geography (1969)
  • Social Justice and the City (1973)
  • The Limits to Capital (1982)
  • The Urbanization of Capital (1985)
  • Consciousness and the Urban Experience (1985)
  • The Condition of Postmodernity: An Enquiry into the Origins of Cultural Change (1989)
  • The Urban Experience (1989)
  • Teresa Hayter, David Harvey (eds.) (1994) The Factory and the City: The Story of the Cowley Automobile Workers in Oxford. Thomson Learning
  • Justice, Nature and the Geography of Difference (1996)
  • Megacities Lecture 4: Possible Urban Worlds, Twynstra Gudde Management Consultants, Amersfoort, The Netherlands, (2000)
  • Spaces of Hope (2000)
  • Spaces of Capital: Towards a Critical Geography (2001)
  • The New Imperialism (2003)
  • Paris, Capital of Modernity (2003)
  • A Brief History of Neoliberalism (2005)
  • Spaces of Global Capitalism: Towards a Theory of Uneven Geographical Development (2006)
  • The Limits to Capital New Edition (2006)
  • The Communist Manifesto- New Introduction Pluto Press (2008)
  • Cosmopolitanism and the Geographies of Freedom (2009)
  • Social Justice and the City: Revised Edition (2009)
  • A Companion to Marx's Capital (2010)
  • The Enigma of Capital and the Crises of Capitalism (2010 Profile Books)
  • Rebel Cities: From the Right to the City to the Urban Revolution (2012)
  • A Companion to Marx's Capital, Volume 2 (2013)
  • Seventeen Contradictions and the End of Capitalism (2014)
  • The Ways of the World (2016)
  • Marx and Capital and the Madness of Economic Reason (2017)

Articles, lectures and interviews

References

  1. ^ "Most cited authors of books in the humanities, 2007". Times Higher Education (THE). 2009-03-26. Retrieved 2017-10-10. (Subscription required (help)).
  2. ^ https://soundcloud.com/freshed-podcast/freshed-100-a-marxist-critique-of-higher-education-david-harvey
  3. ^ David Harvey (2010). The enigma of capital: and the crises of capitalism. Profile Books. ISBN 1-84765-201-8.
  4. ^ Ellen Churchill Semple Day (accessed 30 June 2015)
  5. ^ CEDENET Ecuador [1]
  6. ^ Harvey, D. 2008 "Reading Marx's Capital" An open course consisting of a close reading of the text of Marx's Capital Volume I in 13 video lectures by David Harvey.
  7. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gBazR59SZXk
  8. ^ Harvey, David (2010). A Companion to Marx's Capital. Verso Books. ISBN 1844673596.
  9. ^ Castree, N. and Gregory, D. eds., 2008. David Harvey: a critical reader. John Wiley & Sons.
  10. ^ http://www.uu.se/en/about-uu/traditions/prizes/honorary-doctorates/
  11. ^ 'International Organization for a Participatory Society – Interim Committee Retrieved 2012-3-31

External links

2012 Super Rugby season

The 2012 Super Rugby season was the second season of the current 15-team format for the Super Rugby competition, which involves teams from Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. For sponsorship reasons, this competition is known as FxPro Super Rugby in Australia, Investec Super Rugby in New Zealand and Vodacom Super Rugby in South Africa. Including its past incarnations as Super 12 and Super 14, this was the 17th season for the Southern Hemisphere's premier transnational club competition. The conference games took place every weekend from 24 February until 14 July (with a three-week break between rounds 15 and 16 for international matches), followed by the finals series, culminating in the grand final on 4 August. While its three main broadcasting partners are Fox Sports (Australia), Sky Sport (New Zealand) and SuperSport (South Africa), Super Rugby can be viewed in many countries throughout the world.The Chiefs, based in Hamilton, New Zealand, claimed their first-ever title in the competition's history, defeating the Durban-based Sharks 37–6 in the final held on 4 August at the Chiefs' home of Waikato Stadium.

Accumulation by dispossession

Accumulation by dispossession is a concept presented by the Marxist geographer David Harvey, which defines the neoliberal capitalist policies in many western nations, from the 1970s and to the present day, as resulting in a centralization of wealth and power in the hands of a few by dispossessing the public and private entities of their wealth or land. These neoliberal policies are guided mainly by four practices: privatization, financialization, management and manipulation of crises, and state redistributions.

American Century

The American Century is a characterization of the period since the middle of the 20th century as being largely dominated by the United States in political, economic, and cultural terms. It is comparable to the description of the period 1815–1914 as Britain's Imperial Century. The United States' influence grew throughout the 20th century, but became especially dominant after the end of World War II, when only two superpowers remained, the United States and the Soviet Union. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the United States remained the world's only superpower, and became the hegemon, or what some have termed a hyperpower.

City Channel Dublin

City Channel Dublin was a cable television channel operating in Dublin, Republic of Ireland licensed by the Broadcasting Commission of Ireland for cable and MMDS operation. It had carriage on the formerly NTL owned digital cable system in Dublin. It was the first attempt at a commercial local television network and commercial cable-only channel in the country. City Channel Dublin closed in September 2011 after filing for bankruptcy.On 16 September 2005 the channel was added to NTL Ireland's electronic programme guide on Channel 107, and programming began on 4 October.

The company was headed by former Radio Telefís Éireann (RTÉ) presenter David Harvey and opened City Channels for Galway and Waterford in early 2006 with about 85% shared content with the rest being local content. Programming from the Dublin channel was shared between the channels.

Twenty people (in addition to presenting staff) were employed in a purpose built station in Sandyford industrial estate, Dublin.

The channels programming lineup included a Polish language magazine show, partially imported from TVP, called Oto Polska, televised coverage of FM104's Adrian Kennedy Phone Show and a magazine show for the LGBT community called Free To Express.

In August 2011 the company denied rumours that it was to end broadcasting due to financial problems but then closed shortly afterwards.

Creative destruction

Creative destruction (German: schöpferische Zerstörung), sometimes known as Schumpeter's gale, is a concept in economics which since the 1950s has become most readily identified with the Austrian economist Joseph Schumpeter who derived it from the work of Karl Marx and popularized it as a theory of economic innovation and the business cycle.

According to Schumpeter, the "gale of creative destruction" describes the "process of industrial mutation that incessantly revolutionizes the economic structure from within, incessantly destroying the old one, incessantly creating a new one". In Marxian economic theory the concept refers more broadly to the linked processes of the accumulation and annihilation of wealth under capitalism.The German Marxist sociologist Werner Sombart has been credited with the first use of these terms in his work Krieg und Kapitalismus (War and Capitalism, 1913). In the earlier work of Marx, however, the idea of creative destruction or annihilation (German: Vernichtung) implies not only that capitalism destroys and reconfigures previous economic orders, but also that it must ceaselessly devalue existing wealth (whether through war, dereliction, or regular and periodic economic crises) in order to clear the ground for the creation of new wealth.In Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy (1942), Joseph Schumpeter developed the concept out of a careful reading of Marx’s thought (to which the whole of Part I of the book is devoted), arguing (in Part II) that the creative-destructive forces unleashed by capitalism would eventually lead to its demise as a system (see below). Despite this, the term subsequently gained popularity within neoliberal or free-market economics as a description of processes such as downsizing in order to increase the efficiency and dynamism of a company. The Marxian usage has, however, been retained and further developed in the work of social scientists such as David Harvey, Marshall Berman, Manuel Castells and Daniele Archibugi.

David Charles Harvey

David Charles Harvey (29 July 1946 – 4 March 2004) was a historian and author born in East Ham, London. He is notable for his seminal work Monuments To Courage which documents the graves of almost all recipients of the Victoria Cross, a task which took him over 36 years to complete.

David H. Goodell

David Harvey Goodell (May 6, 1834 – January 22, 1915) was an American inventor, manufacturer, and Republican politician from Antrim, New Hampshire.

Goodell was born to Jesse R. Goodell on May 6, 1834 in Hillsborough, New Hampshire.

David Harvey (footballer)

David Harvey (born 7 February 1948) is a former goalkeeper for Leeds United and Scotland.

David Harvey (luthier)

David Harvey is an American bluegrass mandolin player and luthier, responsible for the mandolins, banjos, and dobros produced by Gibson.

David Harvey (paediatrician)

David Robert Harvey (born 7 December 1936 in Bromley, died 10 April 2010) was a British paediatrician and considered by his peers to be a champion of the less privileged. Harvey was most notable for developing the training of neonatal medicine doctors at a time when the speciality had no official recognition. Harvey was homosexual and never afraid to disclose it, even at the beginning of his career, when homophobia was more prominent.

David Harvey (rugby union)

David Harvey (born 20 May 1982) is an Australian-born Brazilian rugby union footballer. He played for Brazil in international matches. He played as a fly-half or full-back.

David Harvey (structural engineer)

David Harvey FIStructE is a British structural engineer who emigrated to Canada in 1982 to work as a bridge engineer in Vancouver BC.

Jonathan Harvey

Jonathan Harvey is the name of:

Jonathan Harvey (composer) (1939–2012), British composer

Jonathan Harvey (congressman) (1780–1859), U.S. Representative from New Hampshire

Jonathan Harvey (playwright) (born 1968), English playwright, screenwriter and author

Jonathan David Harvey, current incarnation of British political satirist Lord Buckethead

List of urban theorists

This is a list of urban theorists notable in their field, in alphabetical order:

Christopher Alexander

Donald Appleyard (1928-1982)

Michael E. Arth

Christopher Charles Benninger

Walter Block

Peter Calthorpe

Manuel Castells

Ildefons Cerdà (1815-1876)

Gordon Cullen

Mike Davis

Constantinos Doxiadis (1914-1975)

Andres Duany

Richard Florida

John Friedmann

Joel Garreau

Patrick Geddes (1854-1932)

Jan Gehl

Paul Goodman

Percival Goodman

Adam Greenfield

Peter Hall

David Harvey

Ebenezer Howard (1850-1928)

Allan Jacobs

Jane Jacobs (1916-2006)

Rob Krier

James Howard Kunstler

Le Corbusier

Henri Lefebvre (1901-1991)

Kevin A. Lynch (1918-1984)

Richard L. Meier

Faranak Miraftab

Lewis Mumford (1895-1990)

Saverio Muratori

Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk

Miguel Robles-Durán

Witold Rybczynski

Thomas Sieverts

Camillo Sitte (1843-1903)

Edward Soja (1940-2015)

Ignasi de Solà-Morales

Robert Venturi

William H. Whyte

Frank Lloyd Wright

Sharon Zukin

Marxist geography

Marxist geography is a strand of critical geography that uses the theories and philosophy of Marxism to examine the spatial relations of human geography. In Marxist geography, the relations that geography has traditionally analyzed — natural environment and spatial relations — are reviewed as outcomes of the mode of material production. To understand geographical relations, on this view, the social structure must also be examined. Marxist geography attempts to change the basic structure of society.

Moody Bluegrass

Moody Bluegrass is a bluegrass music project that produced two tribute albums to the British progressive rock band The Moody Blues. The albums consist of bluegrass-style cover versions of Moody Blues songs performed by a variety of noted bluegrass and country music artists.

Murder of Harvey and Jeannette Crewe

David Harvey Crewe (20 October 1941 – c. 17 June 1970), known as Harvey, and Jeannette Lenore Crewe (6 February 1940 – c. 17 June 1970) were a New Zealand farming couple (married 18 June 1966 in Auckland) who were shot to death in their home around 17 June 1970. The murders led to the wrongful conviction and subsequent pardoning of another farmer who lived nearby, Arthur Allan Thomas. A Royal Commission set up to investigate the miscarriage of justice found that a detective had fabricated evidence and placed it at the scene of the crime. No person was ever charged with planting the evidence, and the murders remain unsolved.

Primitive accumulation of capital

In Marxist economics and preceding theories, the problem of primitive accumulation (also called previous accumulation, original accumulation) of capital concerns the origin of capital, and therefore of how class distinctions between possessors and non-possessors came to be.

Adam Smith's account of primitive-original accumulation depicted a peaceful process, in which some workers laboured more diligently than others and gradually built up wealth, eventually leaving the less diligent workers to accept living wages for their labour. Karl Marx rejected this explanation as "childishness," instead stating that, in the words of David Harvey, primitive accumulation "entailed taking land, say, enclosing it, and expelling a resident population to create a landless proletariat, and then releasing the land into the privatised mainstream of capital accumulation". This would be accomplished through violence, war, enslavement, and colonialism.

Thomson Allan

Thomson Sandlands Allan (born 5 October 1946 in Longridge) is a Scottish former professional footballer who played as a goalkeeper.

Allan began his career at Hibernian in 1963, where he was a League Cup runner-up in 1968-69. He joined Dundee in 1971 and collected his only winner's medal at Hampden Park, when the Dark Blues defeated Celtic 1–0 in the 1973 Scottish League Cup Final.

Allan was called up to the Scotland squad that season, earning his only two caps in warm-up matches for the 1974 FIFA World Cup. He was selected in the squad for West Germany but was considered back-up to Leeds United's David Harvey and did not play during the tournament.

Allan reverted to part-time status when he started working at British Leyland's Bathgate plant and wound down his career with brief spells at Meadowbank Thistle, Heart of Midlothian, Falkirk and East Stirlingshire before retiring in 1983.

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