David Gauke

David Michael Gauke MP (/ɡɔːk/; born 8 October 1971) is a British Conservative Party politician and solicitor serving as Secretary of State for Justice and Lord Chancellor since 2018 and Member of Parliament (MP) for South West Hertfordshire since 2005.

Gauke was appointed as Secretary of State for Justice and Lord Chancellor in January 2018.[1]


David Gauke

Official portrait of Mr David Gauke crop 2
Secretary of State for Justice
Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain
Assumed office
8 January 2018
MonarchElizabeth II
Prime MinisterTheresa May
Attorney GeneralJeremy Wright
Geoffrey Cox
Preceded byDavid Lidington
Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
In office
11 June 2017 – 8 January 2018
Prime MinisterTheresa May
Preceded byDamian Green
Succeeded byEsther McVey
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
In office
14 July 2016 – 11 June 2017
Prime MinisterTheresa May
ChancellorPhilip Hammond
Preceded byGreg Hands
Succeeded byElizabeth Truss
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
In office
15 July 2014 – 14 July 2016
Prime MinisterDavid Cameron
ChancellorGeorge Osborne
Preceded byNicky Morgan
Succeeded byJane Ellison
Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury
In office
13 May 2010 – 15 July 2014
Prime MinisterDavid Cameron
ChancellorGeorge Osborne
Preceded bySarah McCarthy-Fry
Succeeded byPriti Patel
Member of Parliament
for South West Hertfordshire
Assumed office
5 May 2005
Preceded byRichard Page
Majority19,550 (32.2%)
Personal details
Born8 October 1971 (age 47)
Ipswich, Suffolk, England
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)Rachel Gauke
Children3
Alma materSt Edmund Hall, Oxford
University of Law
WebsiteOfficial website

Early life and career

Gauke was educated at Northgate High School in Ipswich, Suffolk before attending St Edmund Hall, Oxford where he was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree in law in 1993, and the College of Law in Chester where he graduated in legal practice in 1995.

In 1993, he was a researcher for Barry Legg, the Conservative MP for Milton Keynes South West. He worked as a trainee solicitor with Richards Butler from 1995, being admitted as a solicitor in 1997. From 1999 to 2005, he was a solicitor in the financial services group at Macfarlanes,[2] a corporate law firm.

Gauke was elected as the vice-chairman of the Brent East Conservative Association for two years from 1998, and contested the seat at the 2001 general election finishing in second place 13,047 votes behind the Labour MP Paul Daisley.

Parliamentary career

Gauke was elected to the House of Commons at the 2005 general election for Hertfordshire South West following the retirement of Richard Page. Gauke won the seat with a majority of 8,473, making his maiden speech on 9 June 2005.[3] Between 2005 and 2008, he served as a member of the Procedure Select Committee. He was a member of the Treasury Select Committee between 2006 and 2007, before joining the Opposition front bench as Shadow Treasury Minister.

Following his re-election at the 2010 general election, he was appointed Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury.

In December 2013 Gauke was reported to HM Revenue and Customs after advertising an unpaid six-month "training post" at his constituency office in Rickmansworth, Hertfordshire.[4]

On 13 July 2016 Gauke was made a member of the Privy Council.[5]

On 14 July 2016 Gauke was made Chief Secretary to the Treasury as part of Theresa May's ministry. On 11 June 2017, Gauke was made Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, having previously only worked in the Treasury.

On 8 January 2018 Gauke succeeded David Lidington as Secretary of State for Justice and Lord Chancellor.[6] He is the first solicitor to hold the post.[1]

Expenses

Gauke claimed £10,248.32 in stamp duty and fees involved in the purchase of his second home in London, a flat. A Channel 4 Dispatches programme revealed that he was claiming expenses on the flat in central London despite having a property located only one hour away on public transport.

Gauke sold the flat in August 2012, keeping £27,000, the property price having increased by £67,000 since purchase. He paid nearly £40,000 of this to the Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority (IPSA) as MPs only have to pay back any profit made in the previous two years.[7]

He told the UK public that negotiating a price discount with a tradesmen for paying in cash for the purposes of evading tax is morally wrong.[8]

Personal life

Gauke is married to Rachel, who is a professional support lawyer specialising in corporate tax at legal research provider LexisNexis.[9] They have three sons and live in Chorleywood in Hertfordshire.[10] He is a lifelong supporter of Ipswich Town F.C.[11]

References

  1. ^ a b Cross, Michael (8 January 2018). "Gauke named as first solicitor lord chancellor". Law Society Gazette. Retrieved 9 January 2018.
  2. ^ Your fate in their hands, Legal Week, 18 November 2004
  3. ^ House of Commons Debates for 9 June 2005 UK Parliament
  4. ^ Gil, Natalie. "Minister reported to own department for advertising unpaid post in his office". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
  5. ^ Government of the United Kingdom (13 July 2016), Privy Council appointments: Arlene Foster, Ruth Davidson, David Gauke and Ed Vaizey, retrieved 16 July 2016
  6. ^ "David Gauke moves from work and pensions to become justice secretary". The Guardian. 8 January 2018. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  7. ^ Claire Newell,Holly Watt and Christopher Hope (16 November 2012). "Minister in cash row keeps £27,000 profit from sale of second home". DailyTelegraph.co.uk.
  8. ^ "Paying tradesmen cash in hand morally wrong, says minister". BBC News. BBC. 24 July 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  9. ^ Biography of Rachel Gauke, LexisWeb.co.uk
  10. ^ "Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury: David Gauke MP". HM Treasury. Retrieved 17 January 2011.
  11. ^ Biography of David Gauke, conservatives.com

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Richard Page
Member of Parliament
for South West Hertfordshire

2005–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by
Sarah McCarthy-Fry
Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury
2010–2014
Succeeded by
Priti Patel
Preceded by
Nicky Morgan
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
2014–2016
Succeeded by
Jane Ellison
Preceded by
Greg Hands
Chief Secretary to the Treasury
2016–2017
Succeeded by
Liz Truss
Preceded by
Damian Green
Secretary of State for Work and Pensions
2017–2018
Succeeded by
Esther McVey
Preceded by
David Lidington
Secretary of State for Justice
2018–present
Incumbent
Lord Chancellor
2018–present
Order of precedence in England and Wales
Preceded by
Justin Welby
as Archbishop of Canterbury
Gentlemen
as Lord Chancellor
Succeeded by
John Sentamu
as Archbishop of York
Order of precedence in Scotland
Preceded by
Sheriff Principal of that Sheriffdom
(see list here)
Gentlemen
as Lord Chancellor
Succeeded by
Derek Browning
as Moderator of the General Assembly
of the Church of Scotland
Chorleywood

Chorleywood is a village and civil parish in the Three Rivers District, Hertfordshire, England, in the far southwest of the county on the border with Buckinghamshire, approximately 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Charing Cross. It is part of the London commuter belt and included in the government-defined Greater London Urban Area. The parish of Chorleywood was created in 1845 from part of the parish of Rickmansworth. The parish had a population of 11,286 people at the 2011 census.

A survey carried out by the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister in 2004, found Chorleywood to be the neighbourhood in England with the highest quality of life. Of the 32,482 neighbourhoods surveyed, Chorleywood came out top using thirty-seven criteria.

Damian Green

Damian Howard Green (born 17 January 1956) is a British politician who has been the Conservative Member of Parliament for Ashford since 1997 and was the First Secretary of State and Minister for the Cabinet Office from 11 June 2017 to 20 December 2017. Green was born in Barry, Vale of Glamorgan, South Wales and studied PPE at Balliol College, Oxford. Before entering politics, Green worked as a journalist for the BBC, Channel 4 and The Times.

Green entered Parliament in the 1997 election by winning the seat of Ashford in Kent. He served in several shadow ministerial positions, including Transport Secretary and Immigration Minister. Green came to national prominence in November 2008 after being arrested and having his parliamentary office raided by police, although no case was brought.He was the Minister of State for Police and Criminal Justice until 14 July 2014. He was appointed as Secretary of State for Work and Pensions by Prime Minister Theresa May in July 2016. Following the June 2017 general election, he was appointed First Secretary of State and Minister for the Cabinet Office.

After the results of an inquiry into allegations that he sexually harassed a woman and viewed pornography on a work computer were published, it was found that he had breached the ministerial code and he was instructed to resign from the Cabinet.

David Lidington

David Roy Lidington (born 30 June 1956) is a British politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Aylesbury since the 1992 election. A member of the Conservative Party, he assumed the roles of Minister for the Cabinet Office and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster on 8 January 2018. He has frequently been described as Theresa May's de facto Deputy Prime Minister.Between 2010 and 2016, he served as Minister of State for Europe holding the position for the entirety of David Cameron's premiership, a longer period than any of his predecessors. Theresa May appointed him to the cabinet for the first time in June 2016, where he has held a number of roles including Leader of the House of Commons, Lord Chancellor and Secretary of State for Justice.

Elizabeth Truss

Mary Elizabeth Truss (born 26 July 1975), also known as Liz Truss, is a British Conservative Party politician and Chief Secretary to the Treasury who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for South West Norfolk since 2010.

After graduating from the University of Oxford in 1996, Truss worked in sales, as an economist, and was deputy director at the think-tank Reform, before becoming a member of parliament at the 2010 general election. As a backbencher, she called for reform in a number of policy areas, including childcare, maths education, and the economy. She founded the Free Enterprise Group of Conservative MPs, and authored or co-authored a number of papers and books, including After the Coalition (2011) and Britannia Unchained (2012).

Truss was the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State from 2012 to 2014, with responsibility for education and childcare in the Department for Education. She was the Secretary of State for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs from 2014 to 2016. On 14 July 2016, she was appointed Secretary of State for Justice and Lord Chancellor by Theresa May, succeeding Michael Gove, and becoming the first female Lord Chancellor in the thousand-year history of the role (if not counting Eleanor of Provence in 1253). On 11 June 2017, as part of a Cabinet reshuffle following the 2017 general election, Truss was appointed Chief Secretary to the Treasury.

Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury

The Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury is a junior ministerial post in the British Treasury, ranked below the First Lord of the Treasury, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the Chief Secretary to the Treasury, the Paymaster General and the Financial Secretary to the Treasury, and alongside the Economic Secretary to the Treasury. It ranks at Parliamentary Secretary level and is not a Cabinet office. Unlike the other posts of Secretary to the Treasury, it is only used occasionally, normally when the post of Paymaster General is allocated to a Minister outside the Treasury.

The office was reinstated in June 2007, when Angela Eagle was appointed Exchequer Secretary after Tessa Jowell had been appointed Paymaster General and Olympic Minister within the Cabinet Office. The previous Exchequer Secretary was Phillip Oppenheim, who held the post from 23 July 1996 to 2 May 1997, when he lost his seat in the general election that brought Tony Blair to power. Angela Eagle was replaced by Kitty Ussher in the June 2009 reshuffle, with Jowell continuing in the Paymaster General role. Ussher resigned on 17 June 2009 and was immediately replaced by Sarah McCarthy-Fry. Following the 2010 general election, the post was taken by Conservative MP David Gauke. In May 2015, Conservative MP Damian Hinds assumed the office. From 15 June 2017 to January 2018, Andrew Jones served as the Exchequer Secretary to HM Treasury. On 9 January 2018, Robert Jenrick was appointed to the post.

Great Seal Act 1688

The Great Seal Act 1688 (1 Will & Mary c 21) is an Act of the Parliament of England. As of 2016 section 1 of the Act is still in force in Great Britain.The Act was passed because the office of Lord Chancellor had been put in commission (that is, divided between several officers at the same time, instead of being held by a single individual). Section 1 of the Act states that the commissioners are to be called Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal of England, and that each lord commissioner is to have the same powers as the Lord Chancellor has. Each lord commissioner is to rank in the order of precedence after the Speaker of the House of Commons. However, since the 19th century the office of Lord Chancellor has not been in commission, but has been held by one individual at a time. (As of October 2018 the Lord Chancellor is David Gauke.)

Jeremy Wright

Jeremy Paul Wright (born 24 October 1972) is an English Conservative Party politician and lawyer who was Attorney General for England and Wales and Advocate General for Northern Ireland from 2014 to 2018, and has served as Culture Secretary since July 2018. He is Member of Parliament (MP) for Kenilworth and Southam, and from 2005 to 2010 was MP for Rugby and Kenilworth, which was abolished in boundary changes at the 2010 general election.

Lord Chancellor

The Lord Chancellor, formally the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, is the highest ranking among those Great Officers of State which are appointed regularly in the United Kingdom, nominally outranking the Prime Minister. The Lord Chancellor is outranked only by the Lord High Steward, another Great Officer of State, who is appointed only for the day of coronations. The Lord Chancellor is appointed by the Sovereign on the advice of the Prime Minister. Prior to the Union there were separate Lord Chancellors for England and Wales, for Scotland and for Ireland.

The Lord Chancellor is a member of the Cabinet and, by law, is responsible for the efficient functioning and independence of the courts. In 2007, there were a number of changes to the legal system and to the office of the Lord Chancellor. Formerly, the Lord Chancellor was also the presiding officer of the House of Lords, the head of the judiciary in England and Wales and the presiding judge of the Chancery Division of the High Court of Justice, but the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 transferred these roles to the Lord Speaker, the Lord Chief Justice and the Chancellor of the High Court respectively. The current Lord Chancellor is David Gauke, who is also Secretary of State for Justice.

One of the Lord Chancellor's responsibilities is to act as the custodian of the Great Seal of the Realm, kept historically in the Lord Chancellor's Purse. A Lord Keeper of the Great Seal may be appointed instead of a Lord Chancellor. The two offices entail exactly the same duties; the only distinction is in the mode of appointment. Furthermore, the office of Lord Chancellor may be exercised by a committee of individuals known as Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal, usually when there is a delay between an outgoing Chancellor and their replacement. The seal is then said to be "in commission". Since the 19th century, however, only Lord Chancellors have been appointed, the other offices having fallen into disuse.

Lucy Frazer

Lucy Frazer (born 17 May 1972) is a British Conservative politician, a barrister by profession, who has been Member of Parliament (MP) for South East Cambridgeshire since the 2015 general election.

She took silk in 2012, prior to being returned to Parliament, and currently serves as Solicitor General for England and Wales.

Maple Cross and Mill End

Maple Cross and Mill End is a ward in Three Rivers, in England, the United Kingdom. It is located in the far south-west Hertfordshire, in the East of England region. The ward includes the eponymous villages of Maple Cross and Mill End, lying between Chorleywood West to the north; Penn, Rickmansworth, and Harefield to the east; and Chalfont St. Giles and Chalfont Common to the west.

As one of the more populous wards in the district, with an electorate of 3,931, including West Hyde, and increasing to 5,602 at the 2011 Census, the ward elects three members to the Three Rivers District Council. For elections to Hertfordshire County Council, Maple Cross and Mill End is part of the Rickmansworth constituency, represented by the Conservative Barbara Lamb. For elections to the House of Commons, it is in the South West Hertfordshire constituency, represented by David Gauke, also of the Conservatives.

Moor Park and Eastbury

Moor Park and Eastbury is a ward in Three Rivers, in England. It is located in south-west Hertfordshire, in the East of England region. The ward includes the eponymous twin towns of Moor Park and Eastbury, lying between Rickmansworth to the west, Croxley Green to the north, South Oxhey to the east, and Northwood to the south.

As one of the more populous wards in the district, with an electorate of 4,611, rising to 5,532 at the 2011 Census, the ward elects three members to Three Rivers District Council. It is represented by three Conservative councillors (Debbie Morris, Reena Ranger and Joanna Clemens). For elections to Hertfordshire County Council, Moor Park and Eastbury is part of the Oxhey Park constituency, represented by the Conservative Frances Button. For elections to the House of Commons, it is in the South West Hertfordshire constituency, represented by David Gauke, also of the Conservatives.

Natalie Evans, Baroness Evans of Bowes Park

Natalie Jessica Evans, Baroness Evans of Bowes Park, (born 29 November 1975) is a British Conservative Party politician serving as Leader of the House of Lords. She was made a life peer in 2014.

Politics of Three Rivers District

The politics of Three Rivers, a district in England, are played out at local, Hertfordshire-wide, and parliamentary levels. Three Rivers is a non-metropolitan district governed locally by a district council composed of 48 councillors that is responsible for such services as housing, waste disposal, and local planning. The district is represented by six members on the 77-councillor Hertfordshire County Council, which is responsible for such services as education, transport, and social services.

The three major parties are all competitive in different parts of Three Rivers and at different levels of representation. Three Rivers district council is under Liberal Democrat control, with the Lib Dems holding 65% of district councillors. The Conservatives are second-largest, have most votes in the last election, and hold three of the district's six county councillors. Labour, whilst a distant third at both district and county level in Three Rivers, hold sway in South Oxhey. However, Labour lost two of their district council seats there in 2008, including one to the British National Party.

Three Rivers is represented in Parliament by three Members of Parliament. Most of the district is within the South West Hertfordshire constituency, represented by Conservative David Gauke. Smaller parts of the district are represented by Anne Main (St Albans, Conservative) and Claire Ward (Watford, Labour).

Richard Page

Richard Lewis Page (born 22 February 1941 in Tredegar) is a former Conservative Member of Parliament (MP) in the United Kingdom from 1976 to 1979 and from December 1979 to 2005.

Second May ministry

The second May ministry was formed on 11 June 2017 after Queen Elizabeth II invited Theresa May to form a government following the June 2017 snap general election. The election resulted in a hung parliament with the Conservative Party losing its majority in the House of Commons. On 9 June 2017, May announced her intention to form a Conservative minority government, reliant on the confidence and supply of the Democratic Unionist Party; a finalised agreement between the two parties was signed and published on 26 June 2017.

Secretary of State for Justice

Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Justice is a senior position in the Cabinet of the United Kingdom, held in conjunction with the office of Lord Chancellor since it was created in 2007, replacing the former post of Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs. On 9 May 2007, the Department for Constitutional Affairs was abolished, and a Ministry of Justice (MoJ) was created in its place. The Ministry of Justice is also responsible for certain functions transferred from the Home Office.

South West Hertfordshire (UK Parliament constituency)

South West Hertfordshire is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by David Gauke, a Conservative.

Three Rivers District

Three Rivers is a local government district in south-west Hertfordshire, England. Its council is based in Rickmansworth.

The district was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, by the merger of Rickmansworth Urban District, Chorleywood Urban District and part of Watford Rural District. The confluence of the Chess and the Gade with the Colne in Rickmansworth inspired the district's name.

Cabinet members
Also attend meetings
Cabinet members
Also attend meetings
Resigned
Ministers of Pensions
Ministers of Social Insurance/National Insurance
Ministers of Pensions and National Insurance
Ministers of Social Security
Secretaries of State for Social Services
Secretaries of State for Social Security
Secretaries of State for Work and Pensions
Secretaries of State for Justice of the United Kingdom
Secretary of State for Constitutional Affairs
2003–2007
Secretary of State for Justice
2007–present
Shared (royal family)
England and Wales
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