David Fincher

David Andrew Leo Fincher[1][2] (born August 28, 1962) is an American film director, film producer, television director, television producer, and music video director. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director for The Curious Case of Benjamin Button (2008) and The Social Network (2010). For the latter, he won the Golden Globe Award for Best Director and the BAFTA Award for Best Direction.

He is also known for having directed Alien 3 in his directorial debut, and most known for films in the thriller genre, including Seven (1995), The Game (1997), Fight Club (1999), Panic Room (2002), Zodiac (2007), The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo (2011) and Gone Girl (2014). He was also instrumental in the creation of the Netflix series House of Cards (2013–2018) and Mindhunter (2017–present).

His films Zodiac and The Social Network are ranked in BBC's 100 Greatest Films of the 21st Century.[3]

David Fincher
David Fincher (2012) 3
Fincher in 2011
Born
David Andrew Leo Fincher

August 28, 1962 (age 56)
OccupationFilm director, film producer, television director, television producer, music video director
Years active1984–present
Spouse(s)
Donya Fiorentino
(m. 1990; div. 1995)

Ceán Chaffin (m. 1996)
Children1

Early life

Fincher was born on August 28, 1962 in Denver, Colorado,[4] the son of Claire Mae (née Boettcher), a mental health nurse from South Dakota who worked in drug addiction programs, and Howard Kelly "Jack" Fincher, an author from Oklahoma who worked as a reporter and bureau chief for Life.[5][6] Howard died of cancer in April 2003.[1][7] Fincher knew from a young age he wanted to go into filmmaking. When Fincher was two years old, the family moved to San Anselmo, California, where filmmaker George Lucas was one of his neighbors.[6]

Fincher moved to Ashland, Oregon in his teens, where he graduated from Ashland High School. During high school, he directed plays and designed sets and lighting after school, and was a non-union projectionist at a second-run movie theater, production assistant at the local television news station KOBI in Medford, Oregon, and took on other odd jobs such as fry cook, busboy, and dishwasher.[6][8] Inspired by Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969), Fincher began making movies at age eight with an 8mm camera.[6][4]

Career

Early career

Fincher was employed at Korty Films as a production head. He then moved up the ranks and became a visual effects producer,[6] working on the animated Twice Upon a Time (1983). He was hired by Industrial Light & Magic in 1983 as an assistant cameraman and matte photographer,[6] and worked on Return of the Jedi (1983) and Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom (1984).[9] In 1984, he left ILM to direct a commercial for the American Cancer Society that depicted a fetus smoking a cigarette.[6] This quickly brought Fincher to the attention of producers in Los Angeles, and he was given the chance to direct the 1985 Rick Springfield documentary The Beat of the Live Drum.[10] Set on a directing career, Fincher co-founded video-production company Propaganda Films and started off directing music videos and commercials.[10]

Like Fincher, directors such as Michael Bay, Antoine Fuqua, Michel Gondry, Spike Jonze, Alex Proyas, Paul Rachman, Mark Romanek, Zack Snyder, Gore Verbinski and others honed their talents at Propaganda Films before moving on to feature films.[11] Though he would continue to direct spots for Levi's, Converse, Nike, Pepsi, Revlon, Sony, Coca-Cola, Chanel, and other companies,[6] Fincher began to focus on music videos. He directed the video for 1986's "We Don't Have to Take Our Clothes Off", which was the biggest commercial success for pop/R&B singer Jermaine Stewart,[4] Michael Jackson's "Who Is It", and worked extensively with Madonna, directing videos for "Express Yourself", "Oh Father", "Vogue" and "Bad Girl".[10] He also directed Billy Idol's "Cradle of Love" video. Fincher referred to the production of music videos as his own kind of film school, in which he learned how to work efficiently within a small budget and time frame.[12][13]

1990s: Alien 3, Seven, The Game and Fight Club

20th Century Fox hired Fincher to replace Vincent Ward as the director of the science fiction horror film Alien 3 (1992), his feature directorial debut.[14] The third installment in the Alien franchise starring Sigourney Weaver, the film was released in May 1992 to a mixed reception from critics and was considered weaker than the preceding films in the franchise.[15] Film critic Roger Ebert, considered it to be "one of the best looking bad movies he's ever seen".[16] Fincher became involved with several disputes with 20th Century Fox over script and budget issues during the production. In Director's Cut: Picturing Hollywood in the 21st Century, he blames the producers for not putting the necessary trust in him.[17] He stated in an interview with The Guardian in 2009: "No one hated it more than me; to this day, no one hates it more than me."[18] It received an Academy Award nomination for Best Visual Effects.[19]

After directing the film, he retreated back into the world of commercial and music video directing, including the video for the Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video-winning song "Love Is Strong" by The Rolling Stones in 1994.[20] Following the difficult production of Alien 3, Fincher thought that he would "rather die of colon cancer than do another movie" and eschewed reading scripts.[21] Despite this, Fincher read Andrew Kevin Walker's screenplay for Seven (1995), which was actually Walker's original draft with the current ending, that was already removed by then attached director Jeremiah Chechik. Fincher expressed no interest in directing after reading the revised draft, until New Line Cinema agreed to keep the original ending.[22][21] It stars Brad Pitt, Morgan Freeman, Gwyneth Paltrow, R. Lee Ermey, and Kevin Spacey, and tells the story of two detectives (played by Pitt and Freeman) tracking down a serial killer who bases his killings on the seven deadly sins.[23] Seven was one of the highest-earning films of 1995, grossing more than $320 million internationally and was positively received by film critics.[24] Writing for Sight and Sound, John Wrathall wrote that it "stands as the most complex and disturbing entry in the serial killer genre since Manhunter" and Roger Ebert opined that Seven is "one of the darkest and most merciless films ever made in the Hollywood mainstream."[25][26]

After the success of Seven, Fincher went on to film a music video for "6th Avenue Heartache" by The Wallflowers[27] and the thriller The Game (1997) from a screenplay by the screenwriting duo John Brancato and Michael Ferris.[28] The story focuses on a San Franciscan investment banker (played by Michael Douglas) who receives an unusual gift from his younger brother (Sean Penn), in which he becomes involved in a "game" that integrates in strange ways with his everyday life, leading to frustration and uncertainty between the game and real life.[28] Fincher hired Seven screenwriter Andrew Kevin Walker to make contributions and polishes to the script.[29] The film had middling box office returns, despite being met with generally positive reviews, with specific praise for Fincher's direction and Douglas' performance.[30]

In August 1997, Fincher agreed to direct a screen adaptation of Chuck Palahniuk's 1996 novel Fight Club for 20th Century Fox, his second film with the studio after the troubled production of Alien 3.[31] The film stars Edward Norton, Brad Pitt, and Helena Bonham Carter and follows an insomniac office worker who is known simply as The Narrator, played by Norton, who opens up a club devoted exclusively to bare knuckle fighting for men with soap salesman Tyler Durden (Pitt). Fight Club was an early disappointment at the box office and initially received mixed reviews. In the years following its release, Fight Club received a reassessment from many critics. Entertainment Weekly, which had originally given the film a D-,[32] later ranked the DVD #1 on its list of 50 Essential DVDs.[33] The film's social commentary has been the source of much critical analysis from academics and film critics. Around the same period, Fincher was shortlisted by Columbia Pictures, as one of the potential directors for Spider-Man: a live-action adaptation of the fictional comic-book character of the same name. Fincher's concept for the project had a more mature, psychologically-rooted and less action-oriented take on the classic Spider-Man mythos, skipped the titular character's origin story, instead covering those events in a 10-minute title sequence, put an emphasis on the character's struggles with his post-high school life and his super-human abilities, along with his relationship with his girlfriend/love interest: Gwen Stacy, featured the classic Spider-Man villain: the Green Goblin, as the main antagonist and would have also served as an adaptation of the iconic comic-book storyline: "The Night Gwen Stacy Died", which featured the death of Gwen Stacy at the hands of the Goblin. However, Fincher's pitch was rejected by the studio, with Sam Raimi later being hired to helm the project.

2000s: Panic Room, hiatus, Zodiac and The Curious Case of Benjamin Button

In 2002, Fincher followed up with the thriller Panic Room. The film earned over $92 million at the U.S. box office. The story follows a single mother (Jodie Foster) and her daughter (Kristen Stewart) as they hide in a safe room of their new house, away from criminals (Forest Whitaker, Dwight Yoakam, and Fight Club collaborator Jared Leto) bent on finding a missing fortune. Fincher acknowledged Panic Room as a more mainstream thriller, describing the film, on the DVD's audio commentary, as "[basically] a date movie" and a "really good B movie" about "two people trapped in a closet".

Five years after Panic Room, Fincher returned on March 2, 2007 with Zodiac, an adaptation of Robert Graysmith's books about the hunt for the Zodiac Killer that starred Jake Gyllenhaal, Mark Ruffalo, Robert Downey, Jr., Anthony Edwards, and Brian Cox. The first of Fincher's films to be shot digitally, the majority of the film was recorded on a Thomson Viper FilmStream HD digital movie camera . However, high-speed film cameras were used for the Blue Rock Springs and Presidio Heights murder scenes for the slow-motion shots.[34] It was originally to be released in the fall of 2006 but was pushed back after Fincher refused to cut 20 minutes off the film.

Zodiac was one of the best-reviewed films of that year, with only two other 2007 films appearing on more top-10 lists (No Country for Old Men and There Will Be Blood).[35] However, the film struggled at the box office in the U.S., earning only $33 million, but did well overseas with a foreign gross of $51.7 million. Worldwide, Zodiac was a decent success.[36] Despite an aggressive campaign by the studio, expectations surrounding Robert Downey, Jr.'s supporting performance, Fincher's direction and Vanderbilt's adapted script, the film did not earn a single Oscar nomination.[37]

A story about life and death, The Curious Case of Benjamin Button is an adaptation of F. Scott Fitzgerald's short story of the same name. The film was Fincher's third with Brad Pitt. The film started shooting in November 2006 in New Orleans, before moving on to the Virgin Islands, Montreal, and L.A. Both Zodiac and this film are co-productions of Paramount Pictures and Warner Bros. The budget for the film was estimated at $150 million, partly due to the visual effects used to reverse the aging in Pitt's character. It received 13 nominations at the 81st Academy Awards, including Fincher's first nomination for Best Director. It won three Academy Awards for Best Art Direction, Best Makeup, and Best Visual Effects.

2010s: The Social Network, The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, Gone Girl and television career

Fincher directed the 2010 film The Social Network, about the legal battles of Mark Zuckerberg and the founding of Facebook. The film features an Oscar-winning screenplay by Aaron Sorkin, adapted from the book The Accidental Billionaires. Filming started in October 2009[38] and was released a year later, to critical acclaim. Trent Reznor and Atticus Ross created the Oscar-winning soundtrack for the film. The film went on to win many awards, including three Academy Awards for Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Original Score, and Best Film Editing.[39]

In 2011, Fincher directed the American version of The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, based on the book by Stieg Larsson, with a script written by Steven Zaillian. The film was shot in Sweden, with Rooney Mara as Lisbeth Salander and Daniel Craig as Mikael Blomkvist. Trent Reznor and Atticus Ross composed the soundtrack for the film, collaborating with Fincher a second time.[40] The film received five Academy Award nominations, including Best Actress for Mara, and won the award for Best Film Editing.

Fincher is an executive producer of the Netflix television series House of Cards, of which he also directed the first two episodes.[41] The series has received positive reviews, earning nine Primetime Emmy nominations, including Outstanding Drama Series and winning Fincher the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Directing for a Drama Series for the first episode.[42]

In 2014, Fincher directed the adaptation of Gillian Flynn's novel Gone Girl, which starred Ben Affleck and Rosamund Pike.[43][44] The film earned Pike an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress, Fincher also received his third Golden Globe nomination.

In 2016, Fincher directed another Netflix series, Mindhunter, starring Holt McCallany and Jonathan Groff. The series, that is based on the book Mind Hunter: Inside the FBI’s Elite Serial Crime Unit, debuted worldwide on October 13, 2017.[45][46]

Upcoming projects

  • Utopia adaptation: In 2014, Fincher signed a three-series deal with HBO for Utopia, Shakedown, and Videosyncrazy. Utopia was set to be an adaptation of the British series of the same name.[47] In August 2015, budget disputes between Fincher and the network halted production of Utopia.[48] However, the project received second life at Amazon, with the streamer ordering the project to series with a 2019 release.[49]
  • Strangers: In 2015, it was announced that Fincher and writer Gillian Flynn were working on a remake for the 1951 Alfred Hitchcock film, Stangers on a Train, for Warner Bros.. It was said to be a "modern take" of the Hitchcock version.[50]

Unrealized projects

  • Rendezvous with Rama: In the early 2000s David Fincher was attached to make a film adaption of the sci-fi story Rendezvous with Rama by Arthur C. Clarke with Morgan Freeman to star and produce the film with Fincher.[51] However, in 2008, Fincher said that the film will be unlikely made due to script problems.
  • Hard Boiled: In 2001, Variety reported that Warner Brothers was in negotiations with Miller and Darrow to adapt the comic book into a feature film, Fincher set to direct and Nicolas Cage to star.[52]
  • Torso: In 2006, Fincher was hired to direct a film version of the dark crime comic book Torso with a script written by Ehren Kruger, produce by Bill Mechanic, Don Murphy, Todd McFarlane and Terry Fitzgerald and to be made at Miramax Films.[53] However the production was shut down due to problems at Miramax and the rights were reverted to author Brian Michael Bendis.
  • The Killer: In November 2007, the comic book series The Killer was being made into a film by Paramount Pictures and director David Fincher.[54] Since then, there has been no further development news.
  • Black Hole: In February 2008, Variety reported that the film would be produced by Paramount Pictures and directed by Fincher. In October 2008, MTV reported that scriptwriters Gaiman and Avary had left the production, reporting that their script would not be used by Fincher; though no replacement scriptwriter was announced. In August 2010, Fincher also removed his name from production of the film in order to focus more attention on directing The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo trilogy.[55]
  • The Library: After journalist Dave Cullen's book Columbine was released and later adapted into a play in 2014, the rights were bought by two producers, Kathy Kennedy and Frank Marshall, and Fincher considered turning it into a film; however, it never came to fruition due to fears of how audiences would react to the gruesomeness.[56]
  • Shakedown: Fincher's television project Shakedown, a noir-ish crime drama, was about the tabloid world and the underbelly of Los Angeles in the 1950s and centered on a real-life private detective.[57] In August 2015, budget disputes between Fincher and the network halted production of Shakedown.[48] Since then, there has not been any further development.
  • Videosyncrazy: A television project Videosyncrazy, a comedy set in the 1980s, would follow Robby, a college drop out, pursuing his dream as a music video and film director in Hollywood.[58] In August 2015, budget disputes between Fincher and the network halted production of Videosyncrazy.[48] Since then, the project has been abandoned.
  • World War Z sequel: Paramount Studios chief Jim Gianopulos said in June 2017 that a sequel to World War Z was "in advanced development" with director Fincher and star Brad Pitt.[59] Filming was slated to start in the Fall of 2018.[60] In April 2018, it was revealed that filming will not begin in 2018 as Fincher focuses on his TV-series Mindhunter. In October 2018, producers Dede Gardner and Jeremy Kleiner confirmed that filming would begin in June 2019 with Fincher still attached to direct.[61] However, in February 2019, the project was reportedly placed on hold by Paramount.[62]

Approach and style

Fincher likes to map out camera movements with computer-generated imagery, commission intricate sets, get heavily involved in post-production, and re-shoot footage after the principal photography has wrapped.[63] He does not normally use hand-held cameras when he shoots a film, preferring cameras on a tripod. His most frequent use of a hand-held camera was for Seven, in which five scenes were shot that way.

Fincher's music videos very rarely tell a story, focusing instead on conveying the mood of the song. In order to achieve this, the editing, the pans and close-ups of the camera closely follow the rhythms of the music and the lyrics in precise synchrony.[64]

Fincher likes to confuse audiences with his camerawork. Sometimes, it is difficult to determine whether a shot is human-controlled, motion-controlled or computer-generated imagery. Close-ups are uncommon in Fincher's films, and he tries to move his cameras as little as possible. The interior of a refrigerator can be seen in a number of Fincher's films.[65]

In a Blu-ray bonus featurette of The Girl With the Dragon Tattoo, Fincher stated: "I think people are perverts. I've maintained that. That's the foundation of my career."[66]

Personal life

Fincher married model–photographer Donya Fiorentino (born 1967) in 1990 and divorced in 1995.[67] They have a daughter, Phelix Imogen Fincher, born 1994.[68] Fincher is currently married to producer Ceán Chaffin.[69]

Filmography

As director

Film

Television

Year Title Notes
2013–2018 House of Cards Also executive producer;
Directed 2 episodes
2017–present Mindhunter Also executive producer;
Directed 4 episodes
2019 ‘’Love, Death + Robots’’ Executive producer

As producer

Year Title Notes
2001 The Hire Short films
2005 Lords of Dogtown Executive producer
2006 Love and Other Disasters
2018 The Girl in the Spider's Web Executive producer

Additional credits

Year Title Role
1983 Return of the Jedi Assistant cameraman
1983 Twice Upon a Time Special photographic effects
1984 Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom Matte photography
1984 The NeverEnding Story Matte photography assistant
2004 Murder by Numbers Interviewee
2012 Side by Side Interviewee
2015 Hitchcock/Truffaut Interviewee

Music videos

As a music video director, Fincher has won two Grammy Awards for Best Music Video, for his work in "Love Is Strong" by The Rolling Stones (1995) and "Suit & Tie" by Justin Timberlake and Jay-Z (2013), and three MTV Video Music Awards for Best Direction, being one of the most awarded directors in the category, alongside Spike Jonze. He also earned back-to-back MTV Video Music Awards for Best Direction in 1989 for "Express Yourself" and in 1990 for "Vogue". In 1990, he earned three of the four available nominations in the Best Direction category.

Recurring collaborators

Actor Alien 3 Seven The Game Fight Club Panic Room Zodiac The Curious Case of Benjamin Button The Social Network The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo House of Cards Gone Girl Mindhunter World War Z Sequel Total
Brad Pitt Yes Yes Yes Yes 4
Richmond Arquette Yes Yes Yes Yes 4
David Clennon Yes Yes 2
Elias Koteas Yes Yes 2
Holt McCallany Yes Yes Yes 3
Jared Leto Yes Yes 2
John Getz Yes Yes 2
Joel Kinnaman Yes Yes 2
Kevin Spacey Yes Yes 2
Lee Norris Yes Yes 2
Mahershala Ali Yes Yes 2
Mark Boone Junior Yes Yes 2
Robin Wright Yes Yes 2
Rooney Mara Yes Yes 2
Zach Grenier Yes Yes 2
Crew Seven The Game Fight Club Panic Room Zodiac The Curious Case of Benjamin Button The Social Network The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo Gone Girl Total
Angus Wall Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 5
Atticus Ross Yes Yes Yes 3
Ceán Chaffin Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 8
Darius Khondji Yes Yes 2
Harris Savides Yes Yes 2
Howard Shore Yes Yes Yes 3
James Haygood Yes Yes Yes 3
Jeff Cronenweth Yes Yes Yes Yes 4
Kirk Baxter Yes Yes Yes Yes 4
Scott Rudin Yes Yes 2
Trent Reznor Yes Yes Yes 3
Ren Klyce
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 9

Reception

Critical reception

Film Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic
Alien3 44% (45 reviews)[77] 59 (20 reviews)[78]
Seven 80% (70 reviews)[79] 65 (22 reviews)[80]
The Game 72% (53 reviews)[81] 61 (19 reviews)[82]
Fight Club 79% (162 reviews)[83] 66 (35 reviews)[84]
Panic Room 76% (182 reviews)[85] 65 (36 reviews)[86]
Zodiac 89% (233 reviews)[87] 78 (40 reviews)[88]
The Curious Case of Benjamin Button 72% (238 reviews)[89] 70 (37 reviews)[90]
The Social Network 96% (290 reviews)[91] 95 (42 reviews)[92]
The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo 86% (224 reviews)[93] 71 (41 reviews)[94]
Gone Girl 88% (295 reviews)[95] 79 (49 reviews)[96]

Box office performance

Film Studio Release date Box office gross Budget Reference
North America Other territories Worldwide
Alien3 20th Century Fox May 22, 1992 $55,473,545 $104,340,953 $159,814,498 $50 million [97]
Seven New Line Cinema September 22, 1995 $100,125,643 $227,186,216 $327,311,859 $33 million [98]
The Game PolyGram September 12, 1997 $48,323,648 $61,100,000 $109,423,648 $50 million [99]
Fight Club 20th Century Fox October 15, 1999 $37,030,102 $63,823,651 $100,853,753 $63 million [100]
Panic Room Columbia March 29, 2002 $96,397,334 $100,000,081 $196,397,415 $48 million [101]
Zodiac Paramount / Warner Bros. March 2, 2007 $33,080,084 $51,705,830 $84,785,914 $65 million [102]
The Curious Case of Benjamin Button December 25, 2008 $127,509,326 $206,422,757 $333,932,083 $150 million [103]
The Social Network Columbia October 1, 2010 $96,962,694 $127,957,621 $224,920,315 $40 million [104]
The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo Columbia / Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer December 20, 2011 $102,068,888 $130,101,637 $232,617,430 $90 million [105]
Gone Girl 20th Century Fox October 3, 2014 $167,238,510 $199,700,000 $366,938,510 $61 million [106]
Total $858,764,264 $1,246,038,476 $2,136,548,250 $650 million

Accolades

Year Film Academy Awards BAFTA Awards Golden Globe Awards
Nominations Wins Nominations Wins Nominations Wins
1992 Alien 3 1 1
1995 Seven 1 1
1999 Fight Club 1
2008 The Curious Case of Benjamin Button 13 3 11 3 5
2010 The Social Network 8 3 7 3 6 4
2011 The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo 5 1 2 2
2014 Gone Girl 1 2 4
Total 30 7 24 6 17 4

Fincher, alongside Joshua Donen and Eric Roth, won a Peabody Award for their work on House of Cards.[107]

His films Zodiac and The Social Network are ranked in the BBC's 100 Greatest Films of the 21st Century list.[108]

References

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Further reading

  • Waxman, Sharon, ed. (2005). Rebels on the Backlot: Six Maverick Directors and How They Conquered the Hollywood Studio System. HarperEntertainment.

External links

Interviews

Awards and achievements
National Board of Review
Preceded by
Tim Burton
for Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street
Best Director
for The Curious Case of Benjamin Button

2008
Succeeded by
Clint Eastwood
for Invictus
National Board of Review
Preceded by
Clint Eastwood
for Invictus
Best Director
for The Social Network

2010
Succeeded by
Martin Scorsese
for Hugo
Alien 3

Alien 3 (stylized as ALIEN³) is a 1992 American science fiction horror film directed by David Fincher and written by David Giler, Walter Hill and Larry Ferguson from a story by Vincent Ward. It stars Sigourney Weaver reprising her role as Ellen Ripley and is the third film installment in the Alien franchise, preceded by Aliens (1986) and succeeded by Alien Resurrection (1997).

Set right after the events of Aliens, Ripley and an Alien organism (Tom Woodruff Jr.) are the only survivors of the Colonial Marine spaceship Sulaco's escape pod's crash on a planet housing a penal colony populated by violent male inmates. Additional roles are played by Charles Dance, Brian Glover, Charles S. Dutton, Ralph Brown, Paul McGann, Danny Webb, Lance Henriksen, Holt McCallany, and Danielle Edmond.

The film faced problems during production, including shooting without a script, with various screenwriters and directors attached. Fincher, in his feature directorial debut, was brought in to direct after a proposed version with Vincent Ward as director was cancelled well into preproduction.

Alien 3 was released on May 22, 1992. While it underperformed at the American box office, it earned over $100 million outside North America. The film received polarized reviews and was regarded as inferior to previous installments. Fincher has since disowned the film, blaming studio interference and deadlines. It was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Visual Effects, seven Saturn Awards (Best Science Fiction Film, Best Actress for Weaver, Best Supporting Actor for Dutton, Best Direction for Fincher, and Best Writing for Giler, Hill, and Ferguson), a Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, and an MTV Movie Award for Best Action Sequence. In 2003, a revised version of the film known as the Assembly Cut was released without Fincher's involvement, and received a warmer reception. A sequel, Alien Resurrection, was released in 1997.

Angus Wall

Angus Alexander Wall (born March 15, 1967) is a film editor and film title designer. He and fellow film editor Kirk Baxter won the Academy Award for Best Film Editing for the David Fincher film The Social Network (2010) and again the next year for The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo (2011). Additionally, he and Baxter were nominated the Academy Award for Best Film Editing, the BAFTA Award for Best Editing, and the American Cinema Editors Eddie Award for the 2008 film The Curious Case of Benjamin Button, also directed by David Fincher. Wall's title design work on the HBO television series Carnivàle and Game of Thrones both received Emmy Awards in 2004 and 2011, respectively, and his work on the series Rome's titles was nominated for the BAFTA Award in 2005.

Bamboléo

"Bamboléo" is a 1987 Spanish language song by Gitano-French band Gipsy Kings, from their eponymous album. The song was written by band members Tonino Baliardo, Chico Bouchikhi (J. Bouchikhi) and Nicolas Reyes. It was arranged by Dominique Perrier. Bamboleo without an accent means "I swing" or "I sway" in Spanish.

The now iconic song has been a worldwide hit for the Gipsy Kings and has since been covered by many artists, both in Spanish and in other languages.

Cold Hearted

"Cold Hearted" is a 1989 song by American singer Paula Abdul from the album Forever Your Girl, written and co-produced by Elliot Wolff. It hit number one on the Billboard Hot 100, becoming the album's third song to top the US chart.

David Fincher bibliography

A list of books and essays about David Fincher:

Browning, Mark (2010). David Fincher: Films that Scar. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-313-37772-3.

Hartenstein, Katharina (2007). Expositionsanalyse des Films "Fight Club" von David Fincher. GRIN Verlag. ISBN 978-3-638-76361-5.

Januschke, Alexander (2010). Die Bildsprache von David Fincher anhand SE7EN und FIGHT CLUB. GRIN Verlag. ISBN 978-3-640-64899-3.

Lacey, Nick (1 November 2001). Se7en: director, David Fincher. Longman. ISBN 978-0-582-45257-2.

Swallow, James (1 April 2007). Dark Eye: The Films of David Fincher. Reynolds & Hearn. ISBN 978-1-905287-30-7.

Endless Nights (song)

"Endless Nights" is a song by American rock singer Eddie Money, released in 1987 as the third single from his sixth studio album Can't Hold Back (1986). It was written by John Cesario, Michele Collyer and Steve Mullen, and produced by Richie Zito and Money. The song reached No. 21 on the Billboard Hot 100 and No. 10 on the Album Rock Tracks chart.A music video was filmed to promote the single, directed by David Fincher. It achieved heavy rotation on MTV.

Gone Girl (film)

Gone Girl is a 2014 American psychological thriller film directed by David Fincher and written by Gillian Flynn, based on her 2012 novel of the same title. The film stars Ben Affleck, Rosamund Pike, Neil Patrick Harris, and Tyler Perry. Set in Missouri, the story begins as a mystery that follows the events surrounding Nick Dunne (Affleck), who becomes the primary suspect in the sudden disappearance of his wife, Amy (Pike).

The film had its world premiere on opening night of the 52nd New York Film Festival on September 26, 2014, before a nationwide theatrical release on October 3. It was received well critically and was a commercial success, grossing $369 million, making it the highest-grossing film by Fincher.

Rosamund Pike's performance was particularly praised, and she received nominations for an Academy Award, BAFTA Award, Golden Globe Award, and Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Actress. Additional nominations included a Golden Globe Award for Best Director for Fincher and Golden Globe Award, BAFTA, and Critics' Choice Award nominations for Flynn's adapted screenplay, receiving the award for the latter.

Janie's Got a Gun

"Janie's Got a Gun" is a song performed by American hard rock band Aerosmith and written by Steven Tyler and Tom Hamilton. It was originally titled "Danny's Got a Gun" after a close friend of Tyler, but was later changed. The song was released as the second single from Pump in 1989, peaking at number four on the US Billboard Hot 100 and number two on the Billboard Album Rock Tracks chart in 1990. In Australia, the song reached number one, becoming Aerosmith's first of two number-one singles there. It also reached number two in Canada, number 12 in Sweden, and number 13 in New Zealand.

The song won the band a 1990 Grammy Award for Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal.

Kirk Baxter

Kirk Baxter (born 1972) is an Australian film editor. He has worked with director David Fincher and editor Angus Wall several times, winning Academy Awards for The Social Network and The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo.

Baxter was raised in Sydney, Australia and commenced his career as an editor there. He had been noted primarily for his work editing commercials, and co-founded a commercial editing firm named Final Cut. In 2004, Baxter joined Angus Wall's firm Rock Paper Scissors, which was also responsible for commercial work. Baxter then worked with Wall as an "additional editor" on Fincher's film Zodiac. When Wall was chosen to edit The Curious Case of Benjamin Button, he proposed to Fincher that Baxter be the co-editor, and they have since worked together on Fincher's subsequent films.Baxter and Wall were nominated for the Academy Award for Best Film Editing, the BAFTA Award for Best Editing, and the American Cinema Editors Eddie Award for their work on The Curious Case of Benjamin Button. For their work on The Social Network, Baxter and Wall won an Oscar and a BAFTA in 2011. The following year, they won a second Oscar for The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo.

In 2014, Baxter's next edited film was Gone Girl, also directed by David Fincher, and was his first film to not be co-edited by Angus Wall.

MTV Video Music Award for Best Direction

The MTV Video Music Award for Best Direction is a craft award given to the artist, the artist's manager, and the director of the music video. From 1984 to 2006, the full name of the award was Best Direction in a Video, and in 2007, it was briefly renamed Best Director. The category acquired its current name starting with the 2008 awards. The biggest winners are Spike Jonze and David Fincher with three wins each, although one of Jonze's wins is credited as the "Torrance Community Dance Group".

The most nominated director is David Fincher with eight nominations. Remarkably, seven of Fincher's nominations were achieved in a three-year span (1989–1991), as he was nominated a record three times in both 1989 and 1990. Fincher's latest nomination (and win) occurred over twenty years later in 2013 for his work on Justin Timberlake's "Suit & Tie." Closely following them is Francis Lawrence with six nominations. Hype Williams is the director with most nominations and no wins at five.

The performer whose videos have won the most awards is Madonna, whose videos have garnered three direction Moonmen. However, Eminem's videos have received the most nominations with seven.

Four performers have won a Moonman in this category for their work directing/co-directing their videos: George Michael ("Father Figure"), Beck ("The New Pollution"), Erykah Badu ("Honey"), and Adam Yauch of the Beastie Boys ("Make Some Noise"). An additional six other performers have been nominated for their work co-directing/directing videos: Busta Rhymes, Missy Elliott, Christina Aguilera, Jared Leto (as Bartholomew Cubbins), Ryan Lewis, and Bruno Mars.

Mindhunter (TV series)

Mindhunter is an American crime drama web television series created by Joe Penhall, based on the true crime book Mindhunter: Inside the FBI's Elite Serial Crime Unit written by John E. Douglas and Mark Olshaker. The series is executive produced by Penhall, David Fincher, and Charlize Theron among others, and debuted worldwide on Netflix on October 13, 2017. In November 2017, Mindhunter was renewed for a second season.

Only (Nine Inch Nails song)

"Only" is a song by American industrial rock band Nine Inch Nails. It was released as the second single from Nine Inch Nails' fourth album, With Teeth. "Only" reached number one on the Billboard Modern Rock chart, where it stayed for seven weeks. It is the second successful release that Nine Inch Nails has had in the UK, peaking at number 20.

The song is regarded as a fan favorite and has been a staple of Nine Inch Nails live performances for several years, placed by setlist.fm as their 20th most played song live.

Propaganda Films

Propaganda Films was a prolific and successful music video and film production company founded in 1983 by producers Steve Golin and Sigurjón Sighvatsson and directors Greg Gold, David Fincher, Nigel Dick and Dominic Sena. By 1990, the company was producing almost a third of all music videos made in the U.S.Propaganda Films was acquired by PolyGram Filmed Entertainment in 1991.

Say You Will (Foreigner song)

"Say You Will" is a song by British-American rock band Foreigner. It was the first single released from the album Inside Information (1987), and was co-written by Lou Gramm and Mick Jones (See 1987 in music). The single reached No. 6 on the Billboard Hot 100 and became their fourth #1 hit on the Billboard Hot Mainstream Rock Tracks chart, holding the top spot for four weeks, starting on December 19, 1987."Say You Will" was one of Foreigner's last two Top 10 chart hits in the United States, followed by the 1988 release of the single "I Don't Want to Live Without You" (which reached No. 5 on the Hot 100 chart). The song also became the band's third-highest charting hit in Germany, where it reached No. 22, faring even better in Switzerland, the Netherlands, and particularly Norway, where it reached No. 4. The video clip for this song, directed by David Fincher, reached No. 1 on MTV's Top Twenty chart in February 1988.

Allmusic noted that the single was a "good example" of the band's "balancing act" as "the guitar-heavy style of their early work gave way to slick arrangements that pushed electronics to the fore...temper(ing) its rock guitar edge...and Lou Gramm's quasi-operatic vocals...by thick layers of chiming synthesizers and an array of electronic textures."

Seven (1995 film)

Seven (stylized as SE7EN) is a 1995 American neo-noir crime thriller film directed by David Fincher and written by Andrew Kevin Walker. It stars Brad Pitt, Morgan Freeman, Gwyneth Paltrow, John C. McGinley, R. Lee Ermey, and Kevin Spacey. It tells the story of David Mills (Pitt), a detective who partners with the retiring William Somerset (Freeman) to track down a serial killer (Spacey) who uses the seven deadly sins as a motif in his murders.

The screenplay was influenced by the time Walker spent in New York City trying to make it as a writer. Principal photography took place in Los Angeles, with the last scene filmed near Lancaster, California. The film's budget was $33 million.

Released on September 22, 1995, by New Line Cinema, Seven was the seventh-highest-grossing film of the year, grossing over $327 million worldwide. It was well received by critics, who praised the film's darkness, brutality and themes. The film was nominated for Best Film Editing at the 68th Academy Awards, but lost to Apollo 13.

The Curious Case of Benjamin Button (film)

The Curious Case of Benjamin Button is a 2008 American fantasy romantic drama film directed by David Fincher. The storyline by Eric Roth and Robin Swicord is loosely based on the 1922 short story of the same name by F. Scott Fitzgerald. The film stars Brad Pitt as a man who ages in reverse and Cate Blanchett as the love interest throughout his life.

The film was released in North America on December 25, 2008 to positive reviews. The film received thirteen Academy Award nominations, including Best Picture, Best Director for Fincher, Best Actor for Pitt, and Best Supporting Actress for Taraji P. Henson, and won three, for Best Art Direction, Best Makeup, and Best Visual Effects.

The Game (1997 film)

The Game is a 1997 American mystery thriller film directed by David Fincher, starring Michael Douglas and Sean Penn, and produced by Propaganda Films and PolyGram Filmed Entertainment. It tells the story of a wealthy investment banker who is given a mysterious gift: participation in a game that integrates in strange ways with his everyday life. As the lines between the banker's real life and the game become more uncertain, hints of a large conspiracy become apparent.

The Game was well received by critics like Roger Ebert and major periodicals like The New York Times, but had middling box-office returns compared to the success of Fincher's previous film, Seven.

The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo (2011 film)

The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo is a 2011 psychological crime thriller film based on the 2005 novel of the same name by Stieg Larsson. This film adaptation was directed by David Fincher and written by Steven Zaillian. Starring Daniel Craig as journalist Mikael Blomkvist and Rooney Mara as Lisbeth Salander, it tells the story of Blomkvist's investigation to find out what happened to a woman from a wealthy family who disappeared 40 years prior. He recruits the help of Salander, a computer hacker.

Sony Pictures Entertainment began development on the film in 2009. It took the company a few months to obtain the rights to the novel, while recruiting Zaillian and David Fincher. The casting process for the lead roles was exhaustive and intense; Craig faced scheduling conflicts, and a number of actresses were sought for the role of Lisbeth Salander. The script took over six months to write, which included three months of analyzing the novel.

Critics gave the film favorable reviews, praising its bleak tone and lauding Craig and Mara's performances. With a production budget of $90 million the film grossed $232.6 million worldwide. The film was chosen by National Board of Review as one of the top ten films of 2011 and was a candidate for numerous awards, winning, among others, the Academy Award for Best Film Editing, while Mara's performance earned her an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress.

Zodiac (film)

Zodiac is a 2007 American thriller film directed by David Fincher. The screenplay by James Vanderbilt is based on the 1986 non-fiction book of the same name by Robert Graysmith. The film stars Jake Gyllenhaal, Mark Ruffalo, and Robert Downey, Jr., with Anthony Edwards, Brian Cox, Elias Koteas, Donal Logue, John Carroll Lynch, Dermot Mulroney, and Chloë Sevigny in supporting roles.

Zodiac tells the story of the manhunt for the Zodiac Killer, a serial killer who called himself the "Zodiac" and killed in and around the San Francisco Bay Area during the late 1960s and early 1970s, taunting police with letters, bloodstained clothing, and ciphers mailed to newspapers. The cases remain one of the United States' most infamous unsolved crimes.

Fincher, Vanderbilt, and producer Bradley J. Fischer spent 18 months conducting their own investigation and research into the Zodiac murders. Fincher employed the digital Thomson Viper Filmstream camera to photograph most of the film with traditional high-speed film cameras used for slow-motion murder sequences.

Reviews for Zodiac were positive, lauding the film's writing, directing, acting and historical authenticity. Zodiac was nominated for several awards and Fincher won the "Best Director" prize from the Dublin Film Critics' Circle in 2007. The film grossed over $84 million worldwide on a production budget of $65 million. In 2016 it was voted 12th among 100 films considered the best of the 21st century by 117 film critics from around the world.

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