David Bernhardt

David Longly Bernhardt (born August 17, 1969) is an American attorney, oil industry lobbyist and government administrator serving as the 53rd United States Secretary of the Interior. A partner and shareholder at the Colorado law firm Brownstein Hyatt Farber Schreck,[1] he began working for the United States Department of the Interior in 2001,[2] and served as the department's solicitor from 2006 to 2009, among other roles.[3][4]

On April 28, 2017, President Donald Trump nominated him to be the United States Deputy Secretary of the Interior.[5] He was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on July 24, 2017.[6] He was sworn into office on August 1, 2017.[7] On January 2, 2019, he became acting Secretary of the Interior, replacing Ryan Zinke.[8] On February 4, 2019, Bernhardt was nominated to become Secretary of the Interior.[9] He was confirmed on April 11, 2019.[10]

David Bernhardt
Secretary David Bernhardt
53rd United States Secretary of the Interior
Assumed office
April 11, 2019
Acting: January 2, 2019 – April 11, 2019
PresidentDonald Trump
DeputyVacant
Preceded byRyan Zinke
5th United States Deputy Secretary of the Interior
In office
August 1, 2017 – April 11, 2019
PresidentDonald Trump
Preceded byMichael L. Connor
Succeeded byVacant
Solicitor of the United States Department of the Interior
In office
October 5, 2006 – January 20, 2009
PresidentGeorge W. Bush
Preceded bySue Ellen Wooldridge
Succeeded byHilary Tompkins
Personal details
Born
David Longly Bernhardt

August 17, 1969 (age 49)
Rifle, Colorado, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Gena Bernhardt
Children2
ResidenceArlington, Virginia, U.S.
EducationUniversity of Northern Colorado (BA)
George Washington University (JD)

Early life and education

Growing up in Rifle, Colorado,[3] Bernhardt was active in Colorado politics from the age of sixteen, when he made his case to the Rifle City Council not to levy taxes on arcade games at a teen center he was starting in his hometown.[4] He earned his bachelor's degree from the University of Northern Colorado in 1990.[3] While at the University of Northern Colorado, he applied for and received an internship at the Supreme Court of the United States.[4] He graduated with honors from the George Washington University Law School[11] in 1994. He was admitted to the Colorado Bar Association later that year.[12]

Career

Early legal career

Bernhardt began his career as a lawyer in Colorado. In the 1990s, he worked for U.S. Representative Scott McInnis, a Grand Junction Republican.[3][13] In 1998 he became an associate with Brownstein Hyatt and Farber, a Denver law and lobbying firm.[3][11][13]

Department of the Interior Solicitor

Bernhardt worked for the United States Department of the Interior (DOI) during the George W. Bush administration.[14] Early in his career with the DOI, he was deputy chief of staff and counselor[3] to then-Secretary of the Interior Gale Norton.[2] He also served early on at the DOI as director of congressional and legislative affairs. Later he became solicitor at the DOI[3] after unanimous confirmation from the United States Senate. He was also the United States Commissioner to the International Boundary Commission, U.S. and Canada.[14]

Bernhardt served as Solicitor of the United States Department of the Interior from 2006 to 2009.[3][4] President George W. Bush nominated him in November 2005, subject to Senate confirmation.[15] He was the DOI deputy solicitor at the time.[3] Bernhardt was sworn into office in November 2006,[4] after being unanimously confirmed by the Senate.[5][16]

Legal work and lobbying

Bernhardt served as DOI Solicitor until 2009.[5] That year he rejoined the Colorado-based law firm Brownstein Hyatt Farber Schreck.[11] He became a shareholder in the firm[1] and chairman[5] of the firm's natural resources law practice.[11] Bernhardt's clients included Halliburton, Cobalt International Energy, Samson Resources, and the Independent Petroleum Association of America.[17]

Through Brownstein Hyatt Farber Schreck, Bernhardt represented San Joaquin Valley’s Westlands Water District in "a lawsuit that sought to undo court-imposed protections for endangered salmon in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta."[18] Berhardt also represented entities such as the proposed Rosemont Copper open pit mine in Arizona.[1] Brownstein Hyatt Farber Schreck was involved in representing other mining, oil, and extractive industries, as well as projects such as the Cadiz, Inc. groundwater pumping project in the Mojave Desert in California.[19] Cadiz later refuted that Bernhardt had lobbied directly for the company, though environmentalists at the non-profit Center for Biological Diversity suspected Bernhardt's involvement when the DOI changed its views to be positive towards the project in March 2017.[1]

In 2011, Bernhardt filed a lawsuit for Westlands that "sought to force the feds to make good on a commitment to build a multibillion-dollar system to dispose of the poisoned water" resulting from toxic irrigation in the Westlands district. Later, through the 2017 bill HR 1769, Westlands agreed to drop the lawsuit in exchange for forgiven debt and long-term access to water from Central Valley Project facilities. In April 2017, the House Natural Resources Committee approved the settlement, but rejected an amendment that would have "barred former Westlands officials or lobbyists — meaning Bernhardt — from working on the drainage issue for five years."[18]

DOI transition team

Until the end of 2016, Bernhardt remained an attorney and lobbyist for the San Joaquin Valley's Westlands Water District.[18] In November 2016, he de-listed himself as a lobbyist, to avoid "running afoul of the new president's ban on lobbyists joining his administration."[19] After withdrawing his formal registration as a lobbyist, Bernhardt became a consultant to the Westlands Water District.[20] While remaining a lawyer at Brownstein Hyatt Farber and Schreck, after November 2016 Bernhardt was briefly in charge of the Interior Department transition team for President Donald Trump.[5] In that role, he was in charge of overseeing staffing in the DOI along with Devin Nunes.[19] In recent years, he served on the board of directors for the Virginia Board of Game and Inland Fisheries,[11] resigning prior to January 2017.[21] By April 2017, he was on a $20,000-a-month retainer for Westlands.[19]

Until resigning by early 2017, he was on the board of the Center for Environmental Science Accuracy and Reliability.[22]

Deputy Secretary of the Interior

David Bernhardt official photo (cropped)
Deputy Secretary Bernhardt

On April 28, 2017, Trump nominated Bernhardt to be the United States Deputy Secretary of the Interior of the Trump administration.[5][14][1][23] The role makes Bernhardt the "top deputy to Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke and COO of the federal lands and energy agency."[2] The appointment was praised by Zinke,[11][5] as well as U.S. Representative David Valadao of California,[18] Representative Scott Tipton of Colorado,[12] and Senator Cory Gardner of Colorado.[12] Former Interior Secretary Dirk Kempthorne also supported Bernhardt with his comments.[1]

Other groups criticized Bernhardt as a "high-powered lobbyist" with conflict-of-interest concerns, due to his firm's work on regulation issues with the DOI[5] and his history of representing oil companies and agricultural interests.[1] The appointment was met with strong criticism from conservationists and fishing interests in California,[18][19] where Bernhardt had worked as a lobbyist and attorney.[18] Also criticizing the choice,[11] the Western Values Project sued the Interior Department to obtain documents about Bernhardt's tenure for the department under George Bush.[5] The head of the Center for Biological Diversity said that Bernhardt had "always sided with big business at the expense of our most imperiled wildlife. If confirmed he'd be a disaster for all endangered species."[1] In the middle of May 2017, before his confirmation hearing, the Outdoor Recreation Industry Roundtable sent letters to Senators Maria Cantwell and Lisa Murkowski expressing support for Bernhardt. Letters of support were also received from Ducks Unlimited and the Boone and Crocket Club.[24]

He appeared at his confirmation hearing before the United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources on May 18, 2017.[25] During his questioning, he testified that "we will apply the law and be honest with the science" in reference to the Interior department.[24] During the hearing, he said the president's views, rather than the recommendations of scientists, would guide the Interior Department's policies whenever possible.[25] Ethics issues were raised by Senators such as Maria Cantwell, with Bernhardt replying he took ethics very seriously. He said that unless he received authorization to do so, he would not involve himself substantially in any matter involving his former clients.[24]

On July 24, 2017, the Senate confirmed Bernhardt's nomination by a vote of 53–43.[26] He was then sworn into office on August 1, 2017.[7]

During Bernhardt's tenure as Deputy Secretary and Acting Secretary, the Department of the Interior has substantially increased fossil fuel sales on public land and embarked on a program of deregulation.[27]

In 2019, Politico reported that heads of the oil industry lobbyist group Independent Petroleum Association of America (IPAA) boasted about their ties to Bernhardt.[13] Bernhardt had IPAA as a client during his lobbying career.[13]

As part of his 2017 Senate confirmation hearing Bernhardt had submitted a written statement saying, “I have not engaged in regulated lobbying on behalf of Westlands Water District after November 18, 2016." Westlands Water District is an agribusiness in the San Joaquin Valley. During his time in office he has received criticism for using his position to enact some of the policies he worked for while a lobbyist for Westlands Water District. In March 2019, The New York Times disclosed documents that show that he had been working as a lobbyist for the Westlands Water District at least as late as April 2017. If the information obtained by the Times is correct, Bernhardt's activities could violate federal laws requiring lobbyists to disclose their activities.[28]

In April 2019 it was reported the Inspector General opened an investigation of Bernhardt.[29]

Secretary of the Interior

On January 2, 2019, Bernhardt became Acting Secretary of the Interior, replacing Ryan Zinke.[8] On February 4, 2019, President Trump nominated Acting Secretary Bernhardt to be Secretary of the United States Department of the Interior.[9] He was confirmed by the Senate on April 11, 2019, by a vote of 56 to 41.[10] In May 2019, the House Oversight Committee was investigating whether Bernhardt was complying with recordkeeping laws.[30]

Personal life

He lives in Arlington, Virginia, with his wife Gena[14] and two children.[11] Bernhardt is a hunter and angler.[11][14]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h James, Ian (April 28, 2017). "Conservationists alarmed by Trump Interior nominee". USA Today. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
  2. ^ a b c "Lawyer-lobbyist for Colorado firm is Trump's pick for No. 2 Interior Department official". Denver Business Journal. May 1, 2017. Retrieved May 15, 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Soraghan, Mike (November 18, 2005). "Colo. lawyer tapped for Interior post". Denverpost.com. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d e Soraghan, Mike (December 4, 2006). "Interior lawyer knows Colorado". Denverpost.com. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Trump taps former Bush official for key Interior post". The Hill. April 28, 2017. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
  6. ^ Paul, Jesse (July 24, 2017). "Colorado's David Bernhardt, Trump's nominee for Interior Department post, is confirmed by Senate". The Denver Post. Retrieved July 26, 2017.
  7. ^ a b Paul, Jesse (August 1, 2017). "David Bernhardt is sworn into post as deputy Interior secretary". Denverpost.com. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
  8. ^ a b Knickmeyer, Ellen; Brown, Matthew; Lemire, Jonathan (December 15, 2018). "Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke resigning, cites "vicious" attacks". Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  9. ^ a b Trump, Donald J. (February 4, 2019). "I am pleased to announce that David Bernhardt, Acting Secretary of the Interior, will be nominated as Secretary of the Interior. David has done a fantastic job from the day he arrived, and we look forward to having his nomination officially confirmed!". @realdonaldtrump. Retrieved April 4, 2019.
  10. ^ a b "PN503 - Nomination of David Bernhardt for Department of the Interior, 116th Congress (2019-2020)". www.congress.gov. April 11, 2019. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i Paul, Jesse (April 29, 2017). "Colorado native David Bernhardt tapped by Trump for deputy interior secretary". Denver Post. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
  12. ^ a b c Harmon, Gary (May 5, 2017). "Rifle man tapped for No. 2 spot at Interior". The Daily Sentinel. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
  13. ^ a b c d Williams, Lance. "Recording Reveals Oil Industry Execs Laughing at Trump Access". Politico Magazine. Retrieved March 23, 2019.
  14. ^ a b c d e "President Donald J. Trump Announces Key Additions to his Administration". The White House. April 28, 2017. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
  15. ^ Pres. Nom. 1,089, 109th Cong. (2005).
  16. ^ Pres. Nom. 1,916, 109th Cong. (2006).
  17. ^ Davenport, Coral; Fandos, Nicholas (July 26, 2017). "As Interior Secretary Swaggers Through Parks, His Staff Rolls Back Regulations". The New York Times. p. A11. Retrieved July 26, 2017.
  18. ^ a b c d e f Brekke, Dan (April 28, 2016). "Trump Appoints Valley Water District's Lobbyist to Interior Department Post". KQED. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
  19. ^ a b c d e Lochhead, Carolyn (May 1, 2017). "Ex-water district lobbyist nominated for Interior Department post". SFGate. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
  20. ^ "INTERIOR: Deputy nominee still advising Calif. water district - Tuesday, July 18, 2017". www.eenews.net. July 18, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
  21. ^ "Board of Game and Inland Fisheries". Virginia Department of Game & Inland Fisheries. Virginia-dot-gov. January 13, 2017. Archived from the original on January 13, 2017. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  22. ^ Boxall, Bettina (May 17, 2017). "Trump's pick for a top Interior post has sued the agency on behalf of powerful California water interests". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  23. ^ Pres. Nom. 365, 115th Cong. (2017).
  24. ^ a b c Lunney, Kellie (May 18, 2017). "Senators press interior nominee on science and climate". Science Magazine. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  25. ^ a b Whieldon, Esther (May 18, 2017). "US Interior Department nominee: Trump 'perspective' should outweigh climate science whenever possible". Politico. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  26. ^ Master, Cyra (July 24, 2017). "Senate confirms Trump's nominee for No. 2 Interior post". The Hill. Retrieved July 26, 2017.
  27. ^ "The New Acting Interior Secretary Is An Agency Insider And Ex-Oil Lobbyist". NPR. January 2, 2019. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
  28. ^ Davenport, Coral. "Trump's Pick for Interior Dept. Continued Lobbying After Officially Vowing to Stop, New Files Show". The New York Times. Retrieved April 5, 2019.
  29. ^ Coral Davenport (April 15, 2019). "Interior Dept. Opens Ethics Investigation of Its New Chief, David Bernhardt". Retrieved April 16, 2019.
  30. ^ Ben Lefebvre (May 7, 2019). "House Oversight Committee threatens salaries of Interior staff who block interviews". Retrieved May 8, 2019.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Michael L. Connor
United States Deputy Secretary of the Interior
2017–2019
Succeeded by
Vacant
Preceded by
Ryan Zinke
United States Secretary of the Interior
2019–present
Incumbent
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
William Barr
as Attorney General
Order of Precedence of the United States
Secretary of Interior
Succeeded by
Sonny Perdue
as Secretary of Agriculture
U.S. presidential line of succession
Preceded by
William Barr
as Attorney General
8th in line
Secretary of Interior
Succeeded by
Sonny Perdue
as Secretary of Agriculture
2017 World Junior Ice Hockey Championships rosters

Below are the rosters for teams competing in the 2017 World Junior Ice Hockey Championships.

Anna Cristina Niceta Lloyd

Anna Cristina "Rickie" Niceta Lloyd (born May 22, 1970) is the current White House Social Secretary for U.S. President Donald Trump. She was appointed by First Lady Melania Trump on February 8, 2017. Prior to her role at the White House, Lloyd worked for Design Cuisine, a catering company.

Cabinet of Donald Trump

This article lists the members of President Donald Trump's Cabinet. Trump assumed office on January 20, 2017, and the president has the authority to nominate members of his Cabinet to the United States Senate for confirmation under Appointments Clause of the United States Constitution.

Before confirmation and during congressional hearings, a high-level career member of an executive department heads this pre-confirmed cabinet on an acting basis. The Cabinet's creation is part of the transition of power following the 2016 United States presidential election.

This page documents the confirmation process for any successful or unsuccessful Cabinet nominees of Donald Trump's administration. They are listed in order of creation of the Cabinet position (also used as the basis for the United States presidential line of succession).

Chief Performance Officer of the United States

Chief Performance Officer of the United States (CPO) is a position in the Office of Management and Budget (within the Executive Office of the President of the United States), first announced on January 7, 2009, by then President-elect Barack Obama. The post concentrates on the federal budget and government reform.

The office is currently vacant.

David Bernhardt (ice hockey)

David Bernhardt (born 1 December 1997) is a Swedish professional ice hockey defenseman. He is currently playing with the Växjö Lakers of the Swedish Hockey League (SHL). Bernhardt was selected by the Philadelphia Flyers in the seventh round (199th overall) of the 2016 NHL Entry Draft.

International Boundary Commission

The International Boundary Commission (French: Commission de la frontière internationale) is an international organization responsible for surveying and mapping the Canada–United States border. The commission was created in 1908 and made permanent by a treaty in 1925.Its responsibilities also include maintaining boundary monuments and buoys, keeping the 3-metre (9.8 ft) border vista on each side clear of brush and vegetation, overseeing any applications for permission to build within the vista, and reporting annually to the governments of both countries.

Jessica Ditto

Jessica Ditto is the current White House Deputy Director of Communications. She was a member of Donald Trump's presidential campaign and transition teams.

Julie Lillie

Julie Lillie is an American government official. She is currently the acting Deputy Secretary of the Interior, as of January 20, 2017. As of January 27, 2017, she was the director of executive secretariat and regulatory affairs.

Kyrsten Sinema

Kyrsten Lea Sinema (; born July 12, 1976) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Arizona since 2019. A member of the Democratic Party, she served as the U.S. Representative from Arizona's 9th congressional district from 2013 to 2019. She previously served in both chambers of the Arizona State Legislature, after election to the Arizona House of Representatives in 2004 and the Arizona Senate in 2010.

Sinema began her political career as an activist for the Green Party before joining the Arizona Democratic Party in 2004. In the 2012 elections she was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, becoming the first openly bisexual member of Congress in the history of the United States.After her election to Congress, she shifted toward the political center, joining the conservative Democratic Blue Dog Coalition and the bipartisan Problem Solvers Caucus and amassing a center-left to centrist voting record. Sinema worked for the adoption of the DREAM Act and campaigned against Propositions 107 and 102, two voter referendums to ban the recognition of same-sex marriage and civil unions in Arizona.

Sinema won the 2018 United States Senate election in Arizona to replace retiring Senator Jeff Flake, defeating Republican nominee Martha McSally. The outcome of the election made Sinema the first openly bisexual person and second openly LGBT person (after Tammy Baldwin of Wisconsin) elected to the United States Senate, as well as the first woman to represent Arizona in the United States Senate. Sinema is also the first Democrat elected to represent Arizona in the United States Senate since Dennis DeConcini, who held this seat until 1995. She became Arizona's senior senator immediately upon taking office, making her the most junior senior senator.

Martin Heinrich

Martin Trevor Heinrich (; born October 17, 1971) is an American politician and businessman serving as the junior United States Senator from New Mexico since 2013.

A native of Fallon, Nevada, Heinrich has lived much of his adulthood in New Mexico, specifically Albuquerque, the state's largest city. As a member of the Democratic Party, he was the U.S. Representative for New Mexico's 1st congressional district from 2009 to 2013. He then won the Senate seat vacated by retiring Senator Jeff Bingaman in 2012. Heinrich was mentioned as a possible nominee for Vice President of the United States in 2016 under Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton. However, Senator Tim Kaine from Virginia was later selected for the ticket.Heinrich will become the senior Senator and dean of the New Mexico congressional delegation when Tom Udall retires from the Senate in 2021.

Ryan Zinke

Ryan Keith Zinke (; born November 1, 1961) is an American politician and businessman who served as United States Secretary of the Interior in the Trump Administration from 2017 until his resignation in 2019. He previously served as the U.S. Representative for Montana's at-large congressional district from 2015 to 2017. From 2009 to 2013, he served as a member of the Montana Senate, representing the 2nd district.Zinke played college football at the University of Oregon and earned a Bachelor of Science degree in geology. He also has a Master of Business Administration and a Master of Science in global leadership. He was a U.S. Navy SEAL from 1986 until 2008, retiring with the rank of commander. The first Navy SEAL to be elected to the United States House of Representatives, Zinke formerly served as a member on the Natural Resources Committee and the Armed Services Committee. As a member of Congress, Zinke supported the use of ground troops in the Middle East to combat ISIS and opposed the Affordable Care Act, various environmental regulations, and the transfer of federal lands to individual states.

Zinke was appointed as United States Secretary of the Interior by President Donald Trump. Zinke was confirmed on March 1, 2017, becoming the first Navy SEAL and the first Montanan since statehood to occupy a Cabinet position.As Secretary, Zinke opened more federal lands for oil, gas and mineral exploration and extraction. Zinke's expenditures as Secretary of the Interior, which included expensive flights, raised ethical questions and controversy, and were investigated by the Interior Department's Office of Inspector General. His ethical troubles were the subject of a PBS News Hour report on October 19, 2018. On October 30, 2018, the investigation into Zinke was referred to the Justice Department by Interior's Inspector General. Trump announced on December 15, 2018, that Zinke would leave his post on January 2, 2019, to be replaced by his deputy David Bernhardt.

Sonny Perdue

George Ervin "Sonny" Perdue III (born December 20, 1946) is an American veterinarian, businessman, and politician currently serving as the 31st United States Secretary of Agriculture since 2017. He previously served as the 81st Governor of Georgia from 2003 to 2011. He was the first Republican Governor of Georgia since Reconstruction.Founder and partner in an agricultural trading company, Perdue served from 2012 to 2017 on the Governors' Council of the Bipartisan Policy Center in Washington, D.C. He is the second Secretary of Agriculture from the Deep South; the first was Mike Espy of Mississippi, who served under President Bill Clinton from January 1993 to December 1994.

On January 18, 2017, President-elect Donald Trump announced that he would nominate Perdue to be Secretary of Agriculture. His nomination was transmitted to the U.S. Senate on March 9, 2017. His nomination was approved by the United States Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry on March 30 by a 19–1 voice vote, and by the entire Senate in a vote of 87–11 on April 24.

Timeline of the Donald Trump presidency (2019 Q2)

The following is a timeline of the presidency of Donald Trump during the second quarter of 2019. To navigate quarters, see Timeline of the Donald Trump presidency.

United States Attorney General

The United States Attorney General (A.G.) is the chief lawyer of the Federal Government of the United States, head of the United States Department of Justice per 28 U.S.C. § 503, and oversees all governmental legal affairs.

Under the Appointments Clause of the United States Constitution, the officeholder is nominated by the President of the United States and appointed with the advice and consent of the United States Senate. The U.S. Constitution provides that civil officers of the United States, which would include the U.S. Attorney General, may be impeached by Congress for treason, bribery or high crimes and misdemeanors. The United States Attorney General may be removed at will by the President of the United States under the Supreme Court decision Myers v. United States, which found that executive branch officials may be removed without the consent of any entity. In cases of the federal death penalty, the power to seek the death penalty rests with the U.S. Attorney General.

The 85th and current United States Attorney General is William Barr.

United States Department of the Interior

The United States Department of the Interior (DOI) is the United States federal executive department of the U.S. government responsible for the management and conservation of most federal lands and natural resources, and the administration of programs relating to Native Americans, Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians, territorial affairs, and insular areas of the United States. About 75% of federal public land is managed by the department, with most of the remainder managed by the United States Department of Agriculture's United States Forest Service.The department is administered by the United States Secretary of the Interior, who is a member of the Cabinet of the President. The current Secretary is David Bernhardt, who serves in an acting capacity, and concurrently serves in the Department as Deputy Secretary. The Inspector General position is currently vacant, with Mary Kendall serving as acting Inspector General.Despite its name, the Department of the Interior has a different role from that of the interior ministries of other nations, which are usually responsible for police matters and internal security. In the United States, national security and immigration functions are performed by the Department of Homeland Security primarily and the Department of Justice secondarily.

The Department of the Interior has often been humorously called "The Department of Everything Else" because of its broad range of responsibilities.

United States Domestic Policy Council

The Domestic Policy Council (DPC) of the United States is the principal forum used by the President of the United States for considering domestic policy matters, excluding economic matters, which are the domain of the National Economic Council. The council forms part of the Office of White House Policy which contains the DPC, the National Economic Council and various subordinate offices, such as the Office of National AIDS Policy. The Director of the DPC is titled the Assistant to the President and Director of the Domestic Policy Council.

United States Secretary of the Interior

The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the United States Department of the Interior. The Department of the Interior in the United States is responsible for the management and conservation of most federal land and natural resources; it oversees such agencies as the Bureau of Land Management, the United States Geological Survey, and the National Park Service. The Secretary also serves on and appoints the private citizens on the National Park Foundation board. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet. The U.S. Department of the Interior should not be confused with the Ministries of the Interior as used in many other countries. Ministries of the Interior in these other countries correspond primarily to the Department of Homeland Security in the U.S. Cabinet and secondarily to the Department of Justice.

Because the policies and activities of the Department of the Interior and many of its agencies have a substantial impact in the Western United States, the Secretary of the Interior has typically come from a western state; only two of the individuals to hold the office since 1949 have not been from a state lying west of the Mississippi River. The current Interior Secretary is David Bernhardt, who held the office in an acting capacity until April 2019. He succeeded Ryan Zinke who resigned on January 2, 2019.

United States federal executive departments

The United States federal executive departments are the principal units of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States. They are analogous to ministries common in parliamentary or semi-presidential systems but (the United States being a presidential system) they are led by a head of government who is also the head of state. The executive departments are the administrative arms of the President of the United States. There are currently 15 executive departments.

The heads of the executive departments receive the title of Secretary of their respective department, except for the Attorney-General who is head of the Justice Department (and the Postmaster General who until 1971 was head of the Post Office Department). The heads of the executive departments are appointed by the President and take office after confirmation by the United States Senate, and serve at the pleasure of the President. The heads of departments are members of the Cabinet of the United States, an executive organ that normally acts as an advisory body to the President. In the Opinion Clause (Article II, section 2, clause 1) of the U.S. Constitution, heads of executive departments are referred to as "principal Officer in each of the executive Departments".

The heads of executive departments are included in the line of succession to the President, in the event of a vacancy in the presidency, after the Vice President, the Speaker of the House and the President pro tempore of the Senate.

William Barr

William Pelham Barr (born May 23, 1950) is a two-time United States Attorney General. He was appointed by Donald Trump as the 85th Attorney General, and has served in that role since February 14, 2019. He had previously served in the position from 1991 to 1993, in the administration of George H. W. Bush. Before becoming Attorney General the first time, Barr held numerous other posts within the Department of Justice, including serving as Deputy Attorney General from 1990 to 1991. Barr is a longtime proponent of the unitary executive theory of unfettered presidential authority. He is a member of the Republican Party.

Cabinet of President Donald Trump (2017–present)

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.