David A. Hardy

David A. Hardy (born 10 April 1936) is a British space artist.

David A. Hardy
BornApril 10, 1936
Known forSpace art

Early life

David Hardy was born 10. April 1936 in Bournville, UK. He studied at the Margaret Street College of Art in Birmingham, and was soon painting for the British Interplanetary Society.[1]


He started his career as an employee in the Design Office of Cadbury's, where he created packaging and advertising art for the company's confectionery.

His first science fiction art was published in 1970, but he has gone on to illustrate hundreds of covers for books, and for magazines such as The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction and Analog Science Fiction and Science Fact. His work also appears regularly in magazines such as Astronomy, Sky & Telescope, Astronomy Now and Popular Astronomy, for which he also writes articles.

Jon Gustafson and Peter Nicholls write that he is "known as much for his astronomical paintings in the accurate tradition of Chesley Bonestell as for his sf work... Some of his best early work was to illustrate a nonfiction book by Patrick Moore, Sun, Myth [sic], and Men (1954)." Gustafson and Nicholls remark that The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction was "the magazine for which he developed his famous "Space Gumby," a green alien which lent humour to his vivid astronomical scenes. He was an important artist for Vision of Tomorrow and worked also for Science Fiction Monthly, If and Gal."[1]

He is European Vice President of the International Association of Astronomical Artists, and Vice President of the Association of Science Fiction and Fantasy Artists.

He has been Artist Guest of Honour at a number of science fiction conventions, including Stucon, Albacon, Armadacon, Novacon, the 2007 Eurocon, and Illustrious, the 2011 Eastercon. He was also a guest speaker at the 2012 Microcon at Exeter University.

Major books

  • Challenge of the Stars (with Patrick Moore) (1972), revised as New Challenge of the Stars 1978
  • Galactic Tours (with Bob Shaw) (1981)
  • Atlas of the Solar System (1982/1986)
  • Visions of Space (Dragon's World, 1989)
  • Hardyware: The Art of David A. Hardy (text by Chris Morgan]; Paper Tiger UK/Sterling US 2001)
  • Aurora: A Child of Two Worlds (novel; Cosmos Books, 2003), (Updated and revised edition, August 2012; Wildside Press)
  • Futures: 50 Years in Space (text by Sir Patrick Moore, AAPPL/HarperCollins 2004), (Paperback 50 Years in Space AAPPL 2006)

Awards and honours

Asteroid 13329 Davidhardy, discovered 1998 by Spacewatch at Kitt Peak has been named after him.


  1. ^ a b Gustafson, Jon; Nicholls, Peter (1995). "Hardy, David A(ndrews) (1936- )". The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction (Updated ed.). New York: St Martin's Griffin. p. 542. ISBN 0-312-09618-6.

External links

Astro art

Astro Art is the product of an artist and a creative idea that is associated with astronomy, atmospheric objects, or phenomena — real or imagined, future or historical. It is the creative process of communicating ideas about such objects through art.

It is also an alternative name for Space Art or Astronomical Art, which concerns art or painting (traditional or digital) of objects in outer space, including galaxies, nebulae, stars, planets, moons, asteroids, etc. Space art may also include artifacts such as hardware, e.g. vehicles, satellites, rovers, bases or space stations, astronauts or robotic constructions.

The art-form was used to weave stories into songs called waiata, which later became oral history. This form of Astro Art contained information regarding natural resources and navigation in Pacific civilizations.

Modern computing software has enabled new methods of creating astro art, and the internet has enabled new methods of sharing it.

Art, science, and technology often meet as equal partners for Astro artists while they are creating new work.

"Astro Art" was registered as a business name in the UK by David A. Hardy [1] in 1970, registration number 1528398.

Astronomy Now

Astronomy Now is a monthly British magazine on astronomy and space. According to the Royal Astronomical Society, Astronomy Now is the "principal amateur astronomy magazine in Britain" with a reputed circulation of 24,000.The magazine features articles ranging from how to observe the night sky to the latest discoveries in the Solar System and in deep space. The first issue of Astronomy Now was published in April 1987 by Intra Press, initially as a quarterly publication, but it soon became monthly. Today it is published by Pole Star Publications Ltd, who have been the publishers for over a decade.

Bob Shaw

Robert "Bob" Shaw (31 December 1931 – 11 February 1996) was a science fiction writer and fan from Northern Ireland, noted for his originality and wit. He won the Hugo Award for Best Fan Writer in 1979 and 1980. His short story "Light of Other Days" was a Hugo Award nominee in 1967, as was his novel The Ragged Astronauts in 1987.

Chesley Award for Best Color Work – Unpublished

The Chesley Award for Best Color Work – Unpublished is given by the Association of Science Fiction and Fantasy Artists (ASFA) to recognize unpublished achievements in original color science fiction & fantasy artwork eligible in the year previous to the award.

Chesley Award for Best Cover Illustration – Magazine

The Chesley Award for Best Cover Illustration - Magazine Art is given by the Association of Science Fiction and Fantasy Artists (ASFA) to recognize achievements in the illustration of science fiction & fantasy magazines eligible in the year previous to the award.

Critical Wave

Critical Wave, later subtitled "The European Science Fiction & Fantasy Review", was a British small-press magazine, initially published and co-edited by Steve Green and Martin Tudor during the period 1987-96. There was also a short-lived US edition in the late 1980s.

Many authors and artists contributed to the original 46 issues, including Graham Joyce, Michael Moorcock, David A Hardy, Stephen Baxter, Colin Greenland, Charles Stross, Joel Lane, Iain M Banks, Arthur "ATom" Thomson, David A. Hardy, Iain Byers, Dave Mooring, Jim Porter, Sue Mason, Michael Marrak, Harry Turner and Kevin Cullen. Once Critical Wave became fully typeset, Kevin Clarke joined as resident designer.

Despite the immense enthusiasm displayed by many of its readers, Critical Wave only continued to appear with extensive financial input from its editors and key supporters. It eventually buckled under the pressure of increasing print costs, postage and bank charges, and announced its closure in late 1996.In September 2008, Green and Tudor announced their intention to relaunch Critical Wave online, via eFanzines. The new version would return to their very earliest concept, a regular news-oriented "fanzine of record" covering British science fiction conventions, awards and publications. The first edition of the new series appeared on 14 November 2008. A major computer problem delayed the appearance of the second online issue, which was largely completed by late December 2008; as of October 2012, it remained unpublished.

David Hardy

David Hardy may refer to:

David T. Hardy (born 1951), American author and attorney

David A. Hardy (born 1936), British artist and illustrator

David Hardy (cricketer) (1877–1951), English cricketer

Don Dixon (artist)

Don Dixon (born 1952) is an American astronomical artist practicing space art in the tradition of Chesley Bonestell.

Born in Easton, Pennsylvania, Dixon has created cover art for Scientific American, Sky and Telescope, Omni, The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction, Astronomy Magazine, and many other publications. Dixon's paintings have been used to illustrate the covers of several science fiction books, such as the Mars Trilogy by Kim Stanley Robinson and the Galactic Center Saga by Gregory Benford. He directed and co-wrote the immersive animated film Centered in the Universe, which premiered in 2006 at the Samuel Oschin Planetarium at Griffith Observatory, where he has served as Art Director since 1991. He is a founding member of the International Association of Astronomical Artists (IAAA) and was elected a Fellow of that organization in 2000.

Enzmann starship

The Enzmann starship is a concept for a manned interstellar spacecraft proposed in 1964 by Dr. Robert Enzmann. A three million ton ball of frozen deuterium would fuel nuclear fusion rocket engines contained in a cylindrical section behind that ball with the crew quarters. It would be longer than the 449 m (1,473 ft) Empire State Building—the craft would be about 2,000 feet (600 m) long overall.The ball of frozen deuterium would fuel thermonuclear-powered pulse propulsion units, similar to Project Orion engines. The spacecraft would be assembled in Earth orbit as part of a larger project preceded by interstellar probes and telescopic observation of target star systems. The rest of the spacecraft would be attached behind the ball as a seamless metallic fuel tank. The proposed method of tank construction would be to expand a plastic balloon in space and coat it with metal.

The spacecraft would be modular, and the main living area would be three identical 300 feet (91 m) wide and long cylindrical modules. The Enzmann could function as an interstellar ark, supporting a crew of 200 but with space for expansion.The Enzmann starship was detailed in the October 1973 issue of Analog, with a cover by space artist Rick Sternbach. The spacecraft described in that issue had some differences compared to the 1960s proposal, such as using a 12,000,000 ton (11,000,000 tonnes) ball of frozen deuterium. Enzmanns have been depicted by many space artists including Don Dixon, David A. Hardy, Syd Mead, Bob Eggleton, and Rick Sternbach.

Sources conflict about the projected speed, perhaps 30% of the speed of light, c, but 9% may be more likely. At 30%, relativistic effects between people on Earth and on the spacecraft, such as time dilation would become more noticeable, such as the shipboard time being less than the Earth observed time.

Overall specifications have varied somewhat, but the design has nuclear pulse engines at the rear, then cylinders for human habitation, then closer the front a large ball of fuel. Early versions were said to have 8 engines and later 24 nuclear rocket engines, which would be powered by the fusing of deuterium into Helium three. A common feature was that the crew area was replicated 3 times for redundancy, and the there was common core pillar that ran the length of the spacecraft and through the center of each habitation unit.

Eugen Semitjov

Eugen Semitjov (22 May 1923 – 12 June 1987) was a Swedish journalist, author and artist of Russian descent who was born in Sweden.


Fantasticon is the national Danish science fiction convention since 2004. Held at various locations in Copenhagen. Fantasticon was also the name of a monthly comic book convention series that began in Michigan, USA in 1976. The following data does not describe that USA convention series.

List of space artists

This list of space artists includes artists who produce art about space, such as paintings of proposed space missions.

Chesley Bonestell

Don Dixon

Mark Dowman

Bob Eggleton

Danny Flynn

David A. Hardy

Mark Garlick

Rick Guidice

Robert McCall (Bob McCall)

Syd Mead

Ron Miller

Walter Myers

Pat Rawlings

Rick Sternbach

James VaughnAstronaut space artists:

Alan Bean

Nicole Stott


Microcon was an annual science fiction and fantasy convention, held annually at the University of Exeter in Exeter, Devon, England since 1982, usually over the first weekend in March. It is organised by the Exeter University Science Fiction and Fantasy Society.


Novacon is an annual science fiction convention, usually held each November in the English Midlands. Launched in 1971, it has been hosted by the Birmingham Science Fiction Group since 1972.

Paper Tiger Books

Paper Tiger Books was a British publishing house which focused primarily on books of modern art, specifically the visionary, the fantastic, and science fiction, and an imprint of Dragons World Ltd. It was started in 1976 by Hubert Schaafsma and brothers Martyn and Roger Dean after the success of Roger Dean's book Views through a sister imprint, Dragon's Dream.Artists published by Paper Tiger include Chris Achilleos, Stephen Bradbury, Bob Eggleton, John Harris, Peter Andrew Jones, Josh Kirby, Rodney Matthews, Chris Moore, Bruce Pennington, Barclay Shaw, Anne Sudworth, Jim Warren, David A. Hardy, and Patrick Woodroffe; as well as numerous titles by Boris Vallejo and Julie Bell.

Project Dragonfly (space study)

Project Dragonfly is the first conceptual design study that assesses the feasibility of a laser-propelled interstellar probe, conducted by the Initiative for Interstellar Studies. Contrary to past unmanned interstellar mission studies such as Project Daedalus and Project Icarus the focus is particularly on a small spacecraft. The project was founded in 2013 by the Initiative for Interstellar Studies (i4is). A subsequent design competition was launched in 2014. The objective was to design a spacecraft that is capable of reaching Alpha Centauri within 100 years using existing or near-term technologies and a beam power below 100 GW. Four teams presented their designs at the final workshop at the British Interplanetary Society in London in July 2015. The teams consisted of students from Cairo University, Cranfield University, the Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, Paul Sabatier University, Technical University of Munich, and University of California, Santa Barbara. The team of the Technical University of Munich won the competition. The design of the University of California, San Diego has subsequently evolved into the design for Breakthrough Starshot of the Breakthrough Initiatives. Results of the competition have subsequently been published in peer-reviewed journals. The competition has been accompanied by a Kickstarter campaign that was supported by notable space artists such as David A. Hardy.

Science Fiction Monthly

Science Fiction Monthly was a British science fiction magazine published from 1974-1976 by New English Library. It was notable as the only UK science fiction magazine at the time.

The characteristic feature of the magazine was its large page size, roughly equivalent to a broadsheet newspaper and the fact that it was published as a loose leaf magazine. This format enabled poster-size reproductions of science fiction book jacket illustrations to be a major part of the magazine. Featured artists included Bruce Pennington, Chris Foss, Tim White, David A. Hardy and Josh Kirby. The magazine also ran feature articles on artists, reprinted some vintage magazine covers at its large page size, and ran two art contests which yielded over twenty works by new artists. The editors were Patricia Hornsey (1974–1975) and Julie Davis (1975–1976).Science Fiction Monthly was primarily designed to appeal to a teenaged readership, and this, combined with the attractive posters, ensure that very few complete copies of the magazine survive. Most issues were taken to pieces and used as posters.

As well as stories, the magazine contained series such as "Modern masters of science fiction" by Walter Gillings.

The publisher, New English Library (NEL), also issued binders for the magazine. These were an attractive dark purple in colour. A complete set of the magazine (as published), occupies slightly less than the available space in three of the binders.

The magazine sales were disappointing with circulation dropping from around 100,000 to 20,000 and in 1976, after only 28 issues, the magazine metamorphosed into "SF Digest".

Space art

"Space art" (also "astronomical art") is the term for a genre of modern artistic expression that strives to show the wonders of the Universe. Like other genres, Space Art has many facets and encompasses realism, impressionism, hardware art, sculpture, abstract imagery, even zoological art. Though artists have been making art with astronomical elements for a long time, the genre of Space Art itself is still in its infancy, having begun only when humanity gained the ability to look off our world and artistically depicted what we see out there. Whatever the stylistic path, the artist is generally attempting to communicate ideas somehow related to space, often including an appreciation of the infinite variety and vastness which surrounds us. In some cases, artists who consider themselves Space Artists use more than illustration and painting to communicate scientific discoveries or works depicting space, some have had the opportunity to work directly with space flight technology and scientists in attempts to expand the arts, humanities, and cultural expression relative to space exploration.

Practitioners of the visual arts have for many decades explored space in their imaginations using traditional painting media and many are now using digital media toward similar ends. Science fiction magazines and picture essay magazines were once a major outlet for Space Art, often featuring planets, space ships and dramatic alien landscapes. Chesley Bonestell, R. A. Smith, Lucien Rudaux, David A. Hardy and Ludek Pesek were some of the major artists in the early days of the genre actively involved in visualizing space exploration proposals with input from astronomers and experts in the infant rocketry field anxious to spread their ideas to a wider audience. (Indeed, NASA's second administrator, James E. Webb, initiated the space agency's Space Art program in 1962, four years after its founding.) A strength of Bonestell's work in particular was the portrayal of exotic worlds with their own alien beauty, often giving a sense of destination as much as of the technological means of getting there.

The Dalek Invasion of Earth

The Dalek Invasion of Earth is the second serial of the second season in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which originally aired in six weekly parts from 21 November to 26 December 1964. It was the second appearance of the Daleks and thus the first time an enemy re-appeared.

The serial is set on the Earth in the 22nd century, where the Daleks occupy the planet following a meteorite strike and a deadly plague. In the serial, the First Doctor (William Hartnell), his granddaughter Susan Foreman (Carole Ann Ford), and teachers Ian Chesterton (William Russell) and Barbara Wright (Jacqueline Hill) work with a human resistance group to travel to a Bedfordshire mine to stop the Daleks from mining out the Earth's core as part of their plan to pilot the Earth through space.

This serial marks the final regular appearance of Carole Ann Ford as companion Susan.

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