Dave Parker

David Gene Parker (born June 9, 1951), nicknamed "The Cobra",[1] is an American former player in Major League Baseball. He was the 1978 National League MVP and a two-time batting champion. Parker was the first professional athlete to earn an average of one million dollars per year, having signed a five-year, $5 million contract in January 1979. Parker's career achievements include 2712 hits, 339 home runs, 1493 runs batted in and a lifetime batting average of .290. Parker was also known as a solid defensive outfielder during the first half of his career, with a powerful arm, winning three consecutive Gold Gloves during his prime. From 1975 to 1979, he threw out 72 runners, including 26 in 1977.

He was a baseball All-Star in 1977, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1985, 1986, and 1990. In the 1979 All-Star Game, Parker showcased his defensive ability and powerful arm by throwing out Jim Rice at third base and Angels catcher Brian Downing at home. Parker also contributed an RBI on a sacrifice fly and was named the game's MVP.

In 1985, Parker was the winner of the League's first-ever Home Run Derby.

Dave Parker
Dave Parker Oakland A's
Parker during his time with the Oakland Athletics
Right fielder / Designated hitter
Born: June 9, 1951 (age 68)
Grenada, Mississippi
Batted: Left Threw: Right
MLB debut
July 12, 1973, for the Pittsburgh Pirates
Last MLB appearance
October 2, 1991, for the Toronto Blue Jays
MLB statistics
Batting average.290
Hits2,712
Home runs339
Runs batted in1,493
Teams
Career highlights and awards

Early life

Parker grew up in Cincinnati near Crosley Field, where he learned to play baseball on the stadium's parking lots. His father, Dick Parker, was a shipping clerk in a foundry.[2] Dave Parker attended Courter Tech High School. He has said his favorite sport was football, and he starred at tailback but injured a knee in a game during his senior year and gave up the game. Also a baseball star, one of his fondest memories is playing at Western Hills High School (alma mater of Pete Rose), where he hit a home run that landed on the roof of a Frisch's restaurant.[3]

Playing career

Pittsburgh Pirates

In the early 1970s, as a member of the Pirates AAA minor league ball team Charleston (WV) Charlies, Parker hit a home run that landed on a coal car on a passing train and the ball was later picked up in Columbus, Ohio.[4] He began his major league career on July 12, 1973 with the Pittsburgh Pirates, for whom he played from 1973 to 1983.

At the 1977 MLB All-Star Game he became the only player in history to have worn batting helmets from two different teams—neither of them his own—in the same game, wearing a San Diego Padres helmet early on before swapping it out for a Cincinnati Reds one.[5]

In 1977, he was National League batting champion, a feat he repeated in 1978 when he was named the National League's MVP. This was in spite of a collision at home plate with John Stearns during a game against the Mets on June 30, 1978, in which Parker fractured his jaw and cheekbone; he wore a specially constructed facemask in order to minimize his time away from the lineup.[6] The Pirates rewarded him with baseball's first million-dollar-per-year contract.[7][8] The following year, he was an instrumental part of the Pirates' World Series championship team.[9]

During a game in 1979, a powerful hit he made to right field was very difficult to throw into the infield, because he had "knocked the cover off the ball." One of the seams on the ball ruptured, making nearly half of the cover come loose.[10]

Pittsburgh fans angered by his million-dollar contract threw "nuts and bolts and bullets and batteries" at him, as pitcher Kent Tekulve stated; a typo in a news story made it appear that they threw car batteries.[11]

In 1981, at a point in his career when it looked as if he would one day rank among the game's all-time greats, Lawrence Ritter and Donald Honig included him in their book The 100 Greatest Baseball Players of All Time.[12] The authors, noting that Parker had succeeded Roberto Clemente at the position, wrote, "Someone must have a fondness for right field in Pittsburgh."

Parker took after his Pirates teammate Willie Stargell in warming up in the on-deck circle with a sledgehammer (when most batters would use a simple lead-weighted bat).[13]

In the early 1980s, however, Parker's hitting suffered due to injuries, weight problems, and his increasing cocaine use.[14] He became one of the central figures in a drug scandal that spread through the major leagues.

Later career

At the end of the 1983 season, Parker became a free agent and signed with the Cincinnati Reds. In Cincinnati, his hometown, he returned to the form that made him an All-Star in Pittsburgh.[11] In 1985, he enjoyed his best season since he won the 1978 MVP with a .312 batting average, 34 home runs, and 125 RBI. Parker finished second in 1985 MVP voting to Willie McGee.

Following the season, Parker was among several players who testified against a dealer in the Pittsburgh drug trials. Named as "regular users", Parker and six other players were suspended for the following season. The sentences were commuted, however, in exchange for donating ten percent of their base salaries to drug-related community service, submitting to random drug testing, and contributing 100 hours of drug-related community service.[15][16]

After the 1987 season, Cincinnati traded Parker to the Oakland Athletics for José Rijo and Tim Birtsas. In Oakland, Parker was able to extend his career by spending most of his time as a designated hitter. Although injuries and age caught up to him to a degree – he hit just .257 with 12 homers in 377 at-bats in 1988 and .264 with 22 homers in 553 at-bats in 1989 – his veteran leadership was a significant factor in the A's consecutive World Series appearances.

Parker signed with the Milwaukee Brewers for the 1990 season and had a solid year as the Brewers' DH with a .289 average and 21 home runs in 610 at-bats. Milwaukee opted for youth, however, at the end of the year and traded the aging Parker to the Angels for Dante Bichette.

Parker's last season was 1991. He played for the California Angels until late in the season when he was released. The Toronto Blue Jays then signed him as insurance for the pennant race, and Parker hit .333 in limited action. Since he was acquired too late in the season, however, he did not qualify for inclusion on the post-season roster and thus was unable to play in the American League Championship Series against the Minnesota Twins, which the Blue Jays lost in five games. Parker retired at the end of the season.

Retirement

Parker has served as a first-base coach for the Anaheim Angels, a batting coach for the St. Louis Cardinals in 1998, and a special hitting instructor for Pittsburgh. He owned several Popeye's Chicken franchises in Cincinnati[17] until selling his interest in them in 2012 after 25 years.[18]

Parker never got more than 24% of votes on Hall of Fame ballots, and his 15-year Baseball Writers' Association of America eligibility was exhausted on the 2011 ballot. He can now be considered for the Veterans Committee Expansion from 2014. Along with Keith Hernandez and (until 2017) Tim Raines, Parker's involvement with the Pittsburgh drug trials has been the most likely cause of his not being voted into the Hall of Fame, serving as a precursor to those listed on the Mitchell Report not being voted into the Hall of Fame due to steroid abuse.[19][20]

Parker has had both of his knees replaced due to injuries from his playing career.[21] In 2013, he confirmed to the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review that he had been diagnosed with Parkinson's disease.[22] He is involved in raising money to find a cure for Parkinson's disease through the Dave Parker 39 Foundation.[23]

Parker has six children. He currently resides in Loveland, Ohio, near Cincinnati, with his wife, Kellye.[3][18]

Parker was elected to the Reds Hall of Fame Class of 2014, which also included fellow Cincinnati natives Ron Oester and Ken Griffey Jr.[24] In 2012, he was inducted into the Cincinnati Public Schools Athletic Hall of Fame.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 22, 2016. Retrieved February 14, 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1144&dat=19780201&id=NYMqAAAAIBAJ&sjid=e1oEAAAAIBAJ&pg=3299,109912
  3. ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved March 31, 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Parker Excited to Return to Charleston", The Charleston Gazette, May 1, 2009.
  5. ^ Paul Lukas (July 12, 2013) "http://espn.go.com/blog/sweetspot/post/_/id/38106/uni-watch-all-star-helmet-mix-ups"
  6. ^ Paul Lukas, "Aggh! It's Dave Parker at the plate!," ESPN Page 2, July 29, 2008, accessed March 9, 2009.
  7. ^ Derek A. Reveron, "Dave Parker: Big Man, Big Bat and Baseball's Biggest Salary," Ebony October 1979: "the reported five=year, $5 million contract he agreed to in January."
  8. ^ "Parker's $5 Million Pact Says He's Baseball's Best," Jet February 22, 1979, p. 48.
  9. ^ Dave Parker as told to George Vass, "The Game I'll Never Forget," Baseball Digest April 1985, pp. 79-80: "I've been a big influence in some pennant races. We won the division three years when I was at Pittsburgh ('74, '75 and '79), and we won the World Series in 1979."
  10. ^ ""The Baseball Zealot", H0F '09 Dave Parker, accessed 14 Nov 2013". Thebaseballzealot.com. December 9, 2008. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  11. ^ a b Mike Downey, "Dave Parker Left His Anger, not His Talent, in Pittsburgh: During his second season in Cincinnati, he produced some big numbers, reminiscent of his happy days with the Pirates," Baseball Digest November 1985, repr. from The Los Angeles Times: pp. 30-31.
  12. ^ New York: Crown, ISBN 0-517-54300-1.
  13. ^ Rushin, Steve. "Big Brew Ha-ha: Old hands Don Baylor and Dave Parker are showing the Brewers how to stay loose and win," Sports Illustrated (June 11, 1990).
  14. ^ "Reds Star Dave Parker Admits Cocaine Use," Lakeland Ledger September 12, 1985: "In his first public admission of drug use, Parker said that he bought cocaine from [Curtis] Strong and used it with him in Pittsburgh and in Philadelphia."
  15. ^ Cook, Ron. "The Eighties: A terrible time of trial and error," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (September 29, 2000).
  16. ^ Bodley, Hal. "Ueberroth took action in 1986 cocaine scandal," USA Today (March 4, 2004).
  17. ^ Jon Newberry (December 28, 2007). "Franchise businesses opening doors of opportunity". Business Courier of Cincinnati. Retrieved September 15, 2008.
  18. ^ a b "About Lance McAlister | Get Articles, Bio & Show Info". ESPN 1530. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  19. ^ "Baseball Hall of Fame 2013 vote: No candidate elected by BBWAA | MLB". Sporting News. January 9, 2013. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  20. ^ Langosch, Jenifer. "Dave Parker gets final shot at Hall of Fame | MLB.com". Mlb.mlb.com. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  21. ^ KICU telecast, Oakland A's vs Chicago White Sox, August 17, 2008, per Dave Henderson
  22. ^ "Cincinnati Enquirer | cincinnati.com". News.cincinnati.com. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  23. ^ Ladson, Bill (March 30, 2017). "'Cobra' not letting Parkinson's hold him back". MLB.com. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
  24. ^ Press Release. "Reds Hall of Fame Announces Class of 2014 | MLB.com". Cincinnati.reds.mlb.com. Retrieved June 1, 2017.

External links

1979 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

The 1979 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 50th playing of the midsummer classic between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and National League (NL), the two leagues constituting Major League Baseball.

It was held on Tuesday, July 17, at the Kingdome in Seattle, Washington, the home of the third-year Seattle Mariners of the American League. The National League won 7–6 for their eighth consecutive win.

The game featured memorable defensive play by outfielder Dave Parker, as he had two assists on putouts: one at third base and one at home plate. With Parker receiving the MVP award for this game, and teammate Willie Stargell winning the National League MVP, NLCS MVP, and World Series MVP, all four possible MVP awards for the season were won by members of the Pittsburgh Pirates. The game was also notable for the play of Lee Mazzilli, providing the margin of victory. In his only All Star appearance, Mazzilli tied the game in the eighth inning with a pinch hit home run off of Jim Kern of the Texas Rangers, and then put the National League ahead for good in the ninth, drawing a bases-loaded walk against Ron Guidry of the New York Yankees.

This was the only time the Kingdome hosted the All-Star Game. When it returned to Seattle for a second time in 2001, the Mariners had moved to their new home at Safeco Field.

1979 National League Championship Series

The 1979 National League Championship Series was played between the National League West champion Cincinnati Reds and the National League East champion Pittsburgh Pirates.

It was the fourth time in the 1970s that the Pirates and Reds had faced off for the pennant; Cincinnati had won all three previous meetings in 1970, 1972 and 1975.

The Pirates won the series in a three-game sweep in what would be the last postseason appearance for both franchises until 1990.

1979 World Series

The 1979 World Series was the 76th edition of Major League Baseball's championship series and the conclusion of the 1979 Major League Baseball season. A best-of-seven playoff, it was played between the National League (NL) champion Pittsburgh Pirates (98–64) and the American League (AL) champion Baltimore Orioles (102–57), with the Pirates becoming the fourth team in World Series history to come back from a three games to one deficit to win the Series in seven games. This marked the second time in the 1970s the Pirates won a World Series Game 7 on the road against Baltimore Orioles, the previous time being in the 1971 World Series. The Pirates were famous for adopting Sister Sledge's hit anthem "We Are Family" as their theme song.

Willie Stargell, pitcher Bruce Kison, and catcher Manny Sanguillén were the only players left over from the Pirates team that defeated the Orioles in the 1971 World Series, and Orioles' pitcher Jim Palmer, shortstop Mark Belanger, and manager Earl Weaver were the only remaining Orioles from the 1971 team. Grant Jackson pitched for the Orioles in the 1971 series and for the Pirates in the 1979 series.

In this Series, it was the American League team's "turn" to play by National League rules, meaning no designated hitter and the Orioles' pitchers would have to bat. While this resulted in Tim Stoddard getting his first major league hit and RBI in Game 4, overall, it hurt the Orioles because Lee May, their designated hitter for much of the season and a key part of their offense, was only able to bat three times in the whole series.

Willie Stargell, the series MVP, hit .400 with a record seven extra-base hits and matched Reggie Jackson's record of 25 total bases, set in 1977.

The 1979 Pirates were the last team to win Game 7 of a World Series on the road until the San Francisco Giants defeated the Royals in Kansas City to win Game 7 of the 2014 Series. They were also the last road team to win Game 7 of a championship round, in any major league sport, until the Pittsburgh Penguins defeated the Detroit Red Wings 2–1 at Joe Louis Arena to win the 2009 Stanley Cup Finals. With the Steelers having already won Super Bowl XIII, Pittsburgh also became the second city to win both the Super Bowl and the World Series in the same year, with the New York Jets and the New York Mets winning titles in 1969. New York repeated the feat in 1986 (New York Mets and New York Giants), as did the New England area in the 2004 season (Boston Red Sox and New England Patriots) and the 2018 season (Red Sox and Patriots).

1981 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

The 1981 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 52nd playing of the midsummer classic between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and National League (NL), the two leagues comprising Major League Baseball. The game was held on August 9, 1981, at Cleveland Stadium in Cleveland, Ohio, the home of the Cleveland Indians of the American League.

This was one of only two All-Star Games to be played outside the month of July (the other being the second 1959 game). The game was originally to be played on July 14, but was cancelled due to the players' strike lasting from June 12 to July 31. It was then brought back as a prelude to the second half of the season, which began the following day. At 72,086 people in attendance, it broke the stadium's own record of 69,751 set in 1954, setting the still-standing record for the highest attendance in an All Star Game.

Cleveland Stadium set a new All-Star Game record by hosting its fourth (and ultimately, final) Midsummer Classic. By the time Indians played host to the All-Star Game for the fifth time in 1997, they had moved to Jacobs Field.

1984 Cincinnati Reds season

The Cincinnati Reds' 1984 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League West. It marked the return of Bob Howsam as General Manager, after Dick Wagner was fired during the 1983 season. The Reds finished in fifth place that year, as they escaped last place in the NL West, which the team had finished in 1982 and 1983.

1985 Cincinnati Reds season

The Cincinnati Reds' 1985 season consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League West. The Reds finished in second place, 5½ games behind the Los Angeles Dodgers. This year, the Reds adopted an alternate uniform. Reds pitcher Tom Browning became the last 20th Century pitcher to win 20 games in his rookie year.

1991 California Angels season

The California Angels 1991 season involved the Angels finishing 7th in the American League West with a record of 81 wins and 81 losses.

A Young Man's World

Kevin Clarke's A Young Man's World is a 2000 American gay pornographic film. It was written and directed by Kevin Clarke, produced and cinematographed by Barry Knight and Russell Moore of Delta Productions, distributed by Paladin Video, and stars Joe Landon and Ashton Ryan. The film's duration is two hours; its date of production is July 22, 2000, and it was shot on high-definition video.

Cincinnati Reds award winners and league leaders

This article is a list of baseball players who are Cincinnati Reds players that are winners of Major League Baseball awards and recognitions, Reds awards and recognitions, and/or are league leaders in various statistical areas.

Dave Parker (politician)

David Fletcher Hewlett Parker (born July 5, 1940) was a Canadian politician. He served in the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia from 1987 to 1991, as a Social Credit member for the constituency of Skeena.Before entering politics he was a professional forester, he was elected as a School Board trustee, serving Golden from 1981-1983 and then Terrace from 1985-1987. He was elected to the British Columbia Legislature as MLA for Skeena in October 1986.

He served as Minister of Forests and Lands and Minister of State for the North Coast Region in the Rita Johnston and Bill Vander Zalm governments.

Dave Parker (rock musician)

Dave Parker (born July 15, 1978) is an American musician, producer, writer, live sound engineer, and bassist for Albany, New York indie rock band Stellar Young.

Dave Parker (rugby league)

Dave Parker (1934/35 – 9 November 2018) was a professional rugby league footballer who played in the 1960s having played rugby union at county level in the 1950s. He played at representative level for Great Britain, and at club level for Oldham, as a loose forward.

Born in Barrow in Furness, Parker played rugby union while a student at Manchester University and captained both Manchester and the Lancashire representative team before turning professional with Oldham in August 1960. During his rugby union career he made 24 appearances for Lancashire and was considered one of the best number eights in the country.In a career with Oldham he captained the club to the semi-finals of the 1963-64 Challenge Cup and winning the second division championship in the same season. He made 198 appearances for Oldham, scoring 34 tries, before an injury in the opening game of the 1967–68 Northern Rugby Football League season against Liverpool City ended his playing career.Parker was cappped twice for Great Britain in 1964 playing in two victories against France in March of that year.Parker died on 9 November 2018.

David Parker

David Parker may refer to:

David C. Parker, theology professor and textual critic

David Parker (attorney) (born 1954), North Carolina politician and attorney

David Parker (Australian politician) (born 1953), Australian politician from Western Australia

David Parker (New Zealand politician) (born 1960), New Zealand politician

David Parker (director) (born 1947), Australian cinematographer

David Parker (climatologist), head of climate monitoring at the Hadley Centre

David Parker (sound engineer) (born 1951), American sound engineer

David Parker (swimmer) (1959–2010), British Olympic swimmer

David Parker (football manager) (born 1984), English football manager

David Stuart Parker (1919–1990), Governor of the Panama Canal Zone

David J. Parker, former leader of the Alberta Green Party

David Parker (Pennsylvania politician), American politician

David Parker (Mississippi politician) (born 1969), American optometrist and politician

David Parker (chemist) (born 1956), English chemical scientist and academic

David Parker, convicted murderer of Arthur Warren

David Parker, malodorant researcher and credited inventor of Israeli riot-control weapon Skunk (weapon)

David Parker, American musician known as Busy Bee Starski

David H. Parker, memorialized at Camp Grohn for heroismDave Parker may refer to:

Dave Parker (born 1951), American baseball player

Dave Parker (rock musician) (born 1978), record producer, keyboard and guitar player used to play with Coheed and Cambria in their live shows

Dave Parker (rugby league), rugby league footballer of the 1960s for Great Britain, and Oldham

Dave Parker (politician) (born 1940), Canadian politician

Dave Parker (pornographic actor), actor in gay pornography

John W. Galbreath

John Wilmer Galbreath (August 10, 1897 – July 20, 1988) was an American building contractor, sportsman and philanthropist.

Born in Derby, Ohio, he grew up in Mt. Sterling, Ohio. He graduated from Ohio University in 1922 and was a member of the Beta Chapter of Delta Tau Delta International Fraternity. The non-denominational Galbreath Memorial Chapel on the Ohio University College Green was donated by Galbreath in memory of his first wife, Helen Mauck who died in 1946.

In 1955, he married Dorothy Bryan Firestone, widow of Russell A. Firestone of the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company.

John Galbreath made a fortune in commercial property development, building skyscrapers in the United States and abroad. However, he may be best known for his role in the Pittsburgh Pirates as the franchise owner from 1945 until 1985, during which the Pirates won three world championships in 1960, 1971, and 1979. He was the first owner to break the so-called "Million Dollar Mark" when he signed Dave Parker to a multi-year contract in 1979. He also signed Hall of Fame player Roberto Clemente.

He graduated from Mount Sterling High School.

List of Major League Baseball career fielding errors as a right fielder leaders

In baseball statistics, an error is an act, in the judgment of the official scorer, of a fielder misplaying a ball in a manner that allows a batter or baserunner to advance one or more bases or allows an at bat to continue after the batter should have been put out.

A right fielder, abbreviated RF, is the outfielder in baseball or softball who plays defense in right field. Right field is the area of the outfield to the right of a person standing at home plate and facing towards the pitcher's mound. In the numbering system used to record defensive plays, the right fielder is assigned the number 9.

Harry Hooper is the all-time leader in errors committed by a right fielder with 142 career. Dave Parker is second all-time with 134 career errors at right field. Only fourteen right fielders have committed more than 100 career errors at the position.

Pittsburgh Pirates award winners and league leaders

This is a list of all awards won by players and personnel of the Pittsburgh Pirates professional baseball team.

Pittsburgh drug trials

The Pittsburgh drug trials of 1985 were the catalyst for a Major League Baseball-related cocaine scandal. Several concurrent and former members of the Pittsburgh Pirates – Dale Berra, Lee Lacy, Lee Mazzilli, John Milner, Dave Parker, and Rod Scurry – and other notable major league players – Willie Aikens, Vida Blue, Enos Cabell, Keith Hernandez, Jeffrey Leonard, Tim Raines, and Lonnie Smith – were called before a Pittsburgh grand jury. Their testimony led to the drug trials, which made national headlines in September 1985.Eleven players were officially suspended, but all the suspensions were commuted in exchange for fines, drug testing, and community service. The Pittsburgh drug trials are considered one of baseball's biggest all-time scandals, albeit one that was "behind the scenes" and did not affect play on the field.

The Dead Hate the Living!

The Dead Hate the Living! is a 2000 low budget zombie film written and directed by Dave Parker and produced by Full Moon Entertainment.

The Hills Run Red (2009 film)

The Hills Run Red is a 2009 American slasher film directed by Dave Parker and written by David J. Schow and starring Sophie Monk, Tad Hilgenbrink and William Sadler.

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Pete Rose
Dale Murphy
National League Player of the Month
August & September 1978
May 1985
Succeeded by
George Foster
Pedro Guerrero
Preceded by
Bill Lachemann
Anaheim Angels First Base Coach
1997
Succeeded by
George Hendrick
Preceded by
George Hendrick
St. Louis Cardinals Hitting Coach
1998
Succeeded by
unknown
Home Run Derby champions

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