Daund

Daund is a city, municipal council and headquarters of Daund taluka in Pune district in the state of Maharashtra, India. In ancient times a sage, 'Dhaumya Rishi' used to stay here, hence people started calling this place after him: 'Dhaum'. Gradually 'Dhaum' became 'Dhoand', then 'Dhaundh', and before it getting corrupted to the present name 'Daund'. According to the Epic Mahabharata Krishna's wife Rukhmini had gone in the 'Dhindir forest', this ancient 'Dhindir Van' is today's Daund. राजमुद्रा ग्रुप बोरीभडक अध्यक्ष-पै.श्रेयश राहुल ठाणगे

Daund
Daund is located in Maharashtra
Daund
Daund
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 18°27′47″N 74°34′44″E / 18.46306°N 74.57889°ECoordinates: 18°27′47″N 74°34′44″E / 18.46306°N 74.57889°E
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DistrictPune
Elevation
514 m (1,686 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total202,566
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi Hindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
413801 , 413802
Telephone code02117
Vehicle registrationMH12,42
Websitewww.punediary.com/html/Daund.html

History

Shivaji era

Shahaji (father of Shivaji) was a sardar in the Nizam Shahi. He had been given Daund as a jagir, including the Bahadurgad fort in Pedgaon (which is still extant on the banks of the Bhima River).

Peshwa era

In 1739 the Bajirao - Mastani affair had brought clashes among the Peshwa family, hence Bajirao Peshwa took Mastani away from Pune and made her stay in Patas. Hence forth Bajirao and Mastani met at the Firangai Devi temple in Kurkumbh. Water of the rivers Bhima, Nira, Pravara, Ghod and Godavari are best suited to the horses, hence the horses breeding on these waters used to be strong, quick and loyal. The area of 'Bhimthadi' which is close to Daund was famous for getting good breed of Horses and people preferred to get a pony only from this place. This breed was supposed to be the best of all. Hence the Horse business in Daund has flourished. At the end of the Peshwa Era due to heavy loans on them Daund and some villages from Pune had gone in control of 'Girgosavi'.

British rule

Daund was extensively developed during the British rule. When railways were started during the British rule in 1870, the Bombay-Solapur railway passed via Daund, and the Daund-Baramati narrow gauge track was constructed. Daund became a junction after the Daund-Manmad connection was established. Daund got connected to Srigonda when in 1928 the bridge over river Bhima was constructed. In the British period Daund was an important center for coal engines. There were more than 125 coal engines in Daund of this coal ash was found in abundance. Hence the brick making business started and it went to various big cities.

A receiver station of the Imperial Wireless Chain was installed three kilometers outside the city. From 1942 to 1945 two Military camps were set up in Daund. The first motion picture theater, called 'Hind Cinema', was started in 1938 which was first of its kind during that period,it was owned by a family named Sonone which lived besides the theater in a small bungalow called Jai Palace. The first hotel in Daund, called 'Maharashtra Khanaval', was established in 1930, followed in 1940 by the 'Jogalekar Upahar Gruh'.

Geography and climate

Daund Bridge
A bridge over the Bhima river near Daund

Daund is located at 18°28′N 74°36′E / 18.47°N 74.6°E, about 514 m (1,686 ft) above sea level on the western margin of the Deccan plateau. It is situated about 80 km (50 mi) east of the Sahyadri mountain range, which forms a barrier from the Arabian sea. The town is mostly flat terrain, with hills rising 600 m (2,000 ft) to the south of the town near Kurkumbh. Daund is located on the southern bank of Bhima river, a major river in Maharashtra. The river creates the Ujjani reservoir around 25 km (16 mi) southeast of the town .

The climate of Daund is generally hot and dry, and the area receives scant rainfall. Lakes like Warvand, Kasurdi and Motoba fall in this Taluka.

Daund lies very close to the seismically active zone around Koyna Dam, about 130 km (81 mi) southeast of the town, and has been rated in Zone 3 (on a scale of 2 to 5, with 5 being the most prone to earthquakes) by the India Meteorological Department.

Economy

Primary crops include wheat, sugar cane, oranges and sweet limes. Daund has a large working class population, and the primary occupation is farming. MIDC provides employment for the people. Daund is currently being developed as a hub for Pharmaceutical Industries. Pharmaceutical majors such as Cipla, Emcure, Dia Ichi already have their base here.

Transportation

Rail

Daund
Daund Junction railway station

Daund is served by rail at the Daund Junction. Daund is a very important railway junction, serving as a halt for south bound trains from Mumbai, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan as the origin/destination for trains to north India. Trains going north wards to New Delhi, Jammu from Pune and Goa have to pass through Daund. Daund is also an access point to one of the Ashtavinayak Ganpati, Siddhatek. Daund is the important station for devotees who visit Meherabad, and Shiridi from south India via Ahmednagar and Kopargaon.

Roads

Both public and private transport are popular in Pune. Daund is just 9 km (5.6 mi) north of National Highway (NH 9).

Demographics

As of 2011 India Census,[1] Daund had a population of 49,450 of which 25,117 were males and 24,333 were females. There were 5,721 children of age below 6 years. Daund had an average literacy rate of 77.34%, higher than the national average of 74.04%. Male literacy was 80.44% and female literacy was 74.13%.

Daund acts as a base for the State Reserve Police Force (SRPF) of the Maharashtra Police. The town has a significant population working as an employee of the Indian Railways and SRPF.

Religion

The historical place in Daund is the Ancient Vitthal Temple. There are 9 mosques in Daund. The Norton Memorial Church and Churches of Christ are two main churches, including 10 more churches in Daund. Narayan- Bet near Chaufula in Daund is a popular picnic spot. Firangai Mata Temple in Kurkumbh is one of the Ancient temples and a picnic spots just 7 km (4.3 mi) away from Daund. Balaji temple in heart of the town celebrated 100 years of completion. Ram Navamiis the largest religious event, marked by Lord Rama's sculpture carried throughout the town on a palanquin. At Malthan which is at a distance of 22 km from Daund is the Palace of Dadoji Kondhdev, teacher of Shivaji Raje Bhosale. Ancient temple of Bhuleshwar is located at Yavat which is 15 km from Daund.

The town has a beautiful Jain Digambar temple known as the 1008 Chandraprabhu Bhagwan Mandir which is known for its architecture and no use of iron. The temple is built by marble and is situated Behind Reliance Petrol pump on SH10 Ahmednagar road. This temple was completed on 7 February 2013 under the guidance of Munishri 108 Suvirsagarji Maharaj. The temple has a beautiful Manasthambh which is also made from Marble. The temple is built only using Makrana marble. The railway tracks to Solapur, Ahmednagar and Pune lie exactly on the backside of the temple. People can see the temple when passing by it due to its high peak. The Pratishta of the Temple was done in the month of February 2013. The occasion was attended by people from various parts of India.

References

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
Ahmednagar railway station

Ahmednagar railway station serves Ahmednagar in Ahmednagar district in the Indian state of Maharashtra

Baramati (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Baramati Vidhan Sabha constituency is one of the 288 Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) constituencies of Maharashtra state in western India. It is one of the twenty one constituencies located in the Pune district.

Baramati is part of the Baramati Lok Sabha constituency along with five other Vidhan Sabha constituencies in the Pune district, namely, Daund, Indapur, Purandar, Bhor and Khadakwasla.

Bhima River

The Bhima River is a major river in Western India and South India. It flows southeast for 861 kilometres (535 mi) through Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Telangana states, before entering the Krishna River. After the first sixty-five kilometers in a narrow valley through rugged terrain, the banks open up and form a fertile agricultural area which is densely populated.The river is prone to turning into gold during the summer season. In 2005 there was severe flooding in Solapur, Bijapur and Gulbarga districts.

The river is also referred to as Chandrabhaga River, especially at Pandharpur, as it resembles the shape of the Moon. Bhima river also flows from Daund taluka

Central Railway zone

Central Railway (abbreviated CR and मध्य) is one of the 18 zones of Indian Railways. Its headquarters is in Mumbai at Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus. It has the distinction of operating first passenger railway line in India, which opened from Mumbai to Thane on 16 April 1853.

Daund Junction railway station

Daund Junction railway station is a major railway station on the Mumbai-Pune-Wadi route of Indian Railways located in Pune district, Maharashtra, India. Northbound trains from Pune towards Ahmednagar and Manmad pass through this station. Daund is a major stop for passenger trains and is a major freight redistribution hub. The short-distance railway track to Baramati starts from Daund junction.

Daund taluka

Daund taluka is a taluka or subdivision of Pune district of state of Maharashtra in India. The town of Daund is the only major urban area in this predominantly rural area. Daund railway station is a major railway junction.All southern railways Reached to this route, and also divided the Nager railway to north India railway, like Delhi. Solapur division daund junction next joined to pune district junction. To reached siddhi vinayak siddhatek ganpati traveling 14 km to daund by road.

In the winter above temperature 19 to 20℃ has the mostly agricultural production of sugarcane. The riverbank farmers are mostly taken sugarcane Seasonal. The back water of UJANI DAM riverbed region has acacia tree forest. Thorn containing tree founded much more. 3 sugar factory available in daund 1)daund sugar limited.alegaon2)bhima patas patas 3)anuraj sugar limited.yavat.

Manjri

Manjri is a village 4 km from Hadapsar, India, which is a suburban area around Pune. Manjari railway station is one of the Pune Suburban Railway located on Pune - Daund section.

Manmad Junction railway station

Manmad Junction Railway Station is a railway station with the station code MMR currently serving Manmad, a town in the Dashiki district (old name) of Maharashtra state, India.

Mayureshwar Wildlife Sanctuary

Mayureswar Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Tehsil Baramati in Pune district in Maharashtra, India. It is 72 km from Pune and 35 km from Daund.

Mumbai Dadar–Solapur section

The Mumbai Dadar–Solapur section is part of the Mumbai-Chennai line. It connects Mumbai Dadar and Solapur both in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

Mumbai–Chennai line

The Mumbai–Chennai line is a railway line connecting Chennai and Mumbai cutting across southern part of the Deccan Plateau. It covers a distance of 1,281 kilometres (796 mi) across Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.

Osmanabad railway station

Osmanabad (station code UMD) is a railway station situated on Latur road junction – Miraj junction route of central railway.

Osmanabad is well connected by railway to Mumbai, Pune, Daund, Kolhapur, Miraj, Pandharpur, Latur, Parali Vaijnath, Parbhani, Nanded, Nagpur, Akola, Hyderabad, Nizamabad, and Bidar.

Pune Suburban Railway

Pune Suburban Railway, also known as Pune Suburban Service or Pune Local Railway, is a suburban rail system connecting Pune to its suburbs and neighboring villages in Pune District, Maharashtra. It is operated by Central Railway (CR). Pune's suburban railway operates on two routes, i.e. from Pune Junction to Lonavla and from Pune Junction to Talegaon. There are 5 trains which operate on Pune Junction - Talegaon route while 18 trains operate on Pune Junction - Lonavla route.

Pune railway division

Pune railway division is one of the five railway divisions of Central Railway (India) Zone of Indian Railways located at Pune of Maharashtra state in western India. The other railway divisions are Mumbai CSTM, Nagpur, Solapur and Bhusawal. There are 71 railway stations in Pune railway division.

Pune–Miraj–Londa line

The Pune–Miraj–Londa line is a railway line connecting Pune in Maharashtra and Londa in Karnataka. It traverses the Western ghats and covers a distance of 468 kilometres (291 mi) across Maharashtra and Karnataka. Of the total 468 km distance of this line, 280 km stretch falls under the jurisdiction of Central Railways and the remaining 188 km section under South Western Railway. Despite heavy rail traffic, this line continues to be a single-track non-electrified railway line.Miraj Junction is one of the oldest Junction classified as 'A1' Category of Stations will be renovated by Central Government to make world class station by 2022.

Due to Broad Gauge completion between Miraj-Kurduwadi-Parli-Purna,a better connectivity has been developed between Marathwada and Western Maharashtra.

Karad - Chiplun Railway line Survey has been completed by Central Railway team to connect to Jaigad Port as part of Central Government's Sagarmala Project and expected to start work soon start to get connectivity to Konkan Railway with Central Railway.Currently Passengers from Satara,Karad,Miraj, Kolhapur are solely dependent on MSRTC as there is no direct train to visit Konkan region for festivals and vacations.

In May 2016, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, gave approval for doubling of Pune-Miraj-Londa railway line project at an estimated cost of Rs.3,627.47 crore and expected completion cost of Rs.4,246.84 crore with 5% escalation per annum.Centre Government has also approved Electrification of Pune - Kolhapur line and work has already started between Kolhapur towards Miraj.

Purna Junction railway station

Purna railway station is a main railway station in Parbhani district, Maharashtra. Its code is PAU. It serves Purna city. The station consists of four platforms. Purna has rail connectivity with Manmad, Aurangabad, Nanded, Parbhani, Parli Vaijnath, Latur, Osmanabad, Gangakhed, Mudkhed, Adilabad, Nagpur, Basar, Nizamabad, Nasik, Mumbai, Delhi, Pune, Daund, Mahbubnagar, Kurnool, Kadapa, Renigunta, Tirupati, Katpadi, Erode, Madurai and Kachiguda.,

Sainagar Shirdi railway station

Sainagar Shirdi railway station is a railway station in the city of Shirdi, Maharashtra state, India. Sainagar Shirdi is a railway terminus and belongs to Central Railways of Indian Railways.It is located from about 3 km from the Holy Temple of Shri Sai Baba Samadhi. Temple authority I.e Shri Sai Baba Sansthan Trust runs free buses from station to Temple free of cost.

Solapur railway division

Solapur Railway Division is one of the divisions of Central Railway Zone (India) of Indian Railways.It is the largest division in central railway covering 10 districts of Maharashtra,Karnataka, Telangana.

Talukas in Pune district

Pune district is a district in state of Maharashtra in India. There are 14 talukas (talukas) in Pune district (including 2 city talukas). The 14 taluka are divided into following 5 district subdivisions.

History
Geography
Cities and towns
Transport
Culture
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