Daryaganj

Daryaganj (literally "River Trading Post/Warehouse") is a neighbourhood of Delhi inside the walled city of Shahjahanabad (Old Delhi). The "darya" (lit. "River") refers to the river Yamuna which was just outside the walled city. Daryaganj is one of the three subdivisions of Central Delhi District, it started at Delhi Gate, at the edge of Netaji Subash Road, which goes towards Red Fort.

Daryaganj

Darya Ganj
subdistrict
Sunday Book Market
Sunday Book Market
Historic map of Shahjahanabad (now called Old Delhi), 1863, showing Daryaganj
Historic map of Shahjahanabad (now called Old Delhi), 1863, showing Daryaganj
Daryaganj is located in Delhi
Daryaganj
Daryaganj
Location in Delhi, India
Coordinates: 28°38′39″N 77°14′31″E / 28.6443°N 77.2420°ECoordinates: 28°38′39″N 77°14′31″E / 28.6443°N 77.2420°E
Country India
StateDelhi
DistrictCentral Delhi
Government
 • BodyMunicipal Corporation of Delhi
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, English, Urdu, Punjabi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
Civic agencyMunicipal Corporation of Delhi

History

City Wall Darya Gunj
Portion of city wall of the walled city of Shahjahanabad, Ansari Road, Daryaganj

Daryaganj had the original cantonment of Delhi, after 1803, where a native regiment of Delhi garrison was stationed, which was later shifted to Ridge area. Now known as New Darya Ganj, it once formed part of the British Darya Ganj Cantonment, one of the earliest establishments of the British in Old Delhi. The New Darya Ganj market was earlier known as Faiz Bazaar until the partition, when present traders moved into the area.[1] East of Daryaganj was Raj ghat Gate of the walled city, opening at Raj Ghat on Yamuna River.[2] The Phool Mandi (Flower Market) of Daryaganj was established around 1869, and even today despite serving a small geographical area, it is of great importance, due to dense population.[3][4] As the new capital New Delhi was being built after 1911, Daryaganj along with Paharganj were only two buffer areas between the new city, and the older city, which started being called the "walled city" by 1931, with Daryaganj sitting at the edge of the walled city near Dilli Gate.[5]

Overview

Dr. Shroff's Charity Eye Hospital, Delhi
Dr. Shroff's Charity Eye Hospital, estd. 1926, one of the many eye hospitals here

Daryaganj continues to be a major commercial hub of modern Old Delhi. Netaji Subhash Road that begin from Delhi Gate and goes towards the historic Red Fort, Jama Masjid and Chandni Chowk, passes through middle of the area, which are short walk away.

The area also has a number of eye hospitals and clinics, including the Dr. Shroff's Charity Eye Hospital, which opened in 1917. The district bustles with shoppers from Monday to Saturday, and on Sunday is home to India's largest platform market for magazines and second hand books.

Daryaganj is also famous for its all-time favourite markets like the Sunday Book Market or the Kitab Bazaar (Book Market) that is held every Sunday on street pavements, (Sunday being weekly holiday for the shops). The market established around 1964,[6] today stretches almost for 2 kilometers,[7] and one may find books on virtually any topic, here at throwaway prices.[8] Books of all streams, genres are available in this Sunday Book Market. The former President of Pakistan, Pervez Musharraf was born and used to live at Nehar Wali Haveli in Daryaganj before migrating to Pakistan after the Partition of India in 1947.[9][10]

Darya Ganj today is quite well known all over the country, thanks to the number of book publishers who have their offices here. Ranging from S. Chand & Co., to Prentice Hall India, to Oxford University Press, mostly on Ansari Road, an inner road on the eastern side Daryaganj and is neighbouring areas.[11] Daryaganj is also home the Hans, a Hindi literary magazine, restarted by writer Rajendra Yadav in 1986, founded by Premchand, a pioneer in Hindi literature.[12]

Darya Ganj has one major cinema hall called Golcha, which opened in 1954, one of oldest cinemas of Delhi.[13][14]

Darya Ganj has the first co-education school of Delhi, Happy School, located on Padam Chand Marg.

Cuisine

Daryaganj also has what was once the only restaurant of Old Delhi, the Moti Mahal founded by Kundan Lal Jaggi, Thakur Das Mago and Kundan Lal Gujral,[15] most known for the invention of butter chicken and modern dal makhani.[16] Another notable modern restaurant is Chor Bizarre near Delite cinema, which serves Kashmiri cuisine.[6]

In addition to this, Darya Ganj is known to all Delhiites for the food you can get here. From the Baniyaan of Gupta ji, to Devi ke Kulche, to Pindi ka Dahi, these are a must try for anyone going to Darya Ganj. Of course, you could also hop over to the areas around and explore.

References

  1. ^ "Darya Ganj has colonial facade". The Times of India. 14 April 2010.
  2. ^ Fanshawe, p. 67
  3. ^ Ashok Kumar Jain (2009). Urban transport: planning and management. APH Publishing. p. 176. ISBN 81-313-0441-8.
  4. ^ "Pin Code of Daryaganj Delhi". citypincode.in. Retrieved 2014-03-09.
  5. ^ "A tale of two cities". Hindustan Times. 1 September 2011. Archived from the original on 2015-07-02.
  6. ^ a b "Daryaganj Book Bazaar vs Khan Market bookstores". Hindustan Times. 22 November 2010. Archived from the original on 2013-05-13.
  7. ^ http://www.roaddistance.in/delhi/daryaganj-book-bazar-new-delhi-to-khan-market-distance/by-road/
  8. ^ "Delhi- 100 years as the Capital". The Hindu. 1 Feb 2011.
  9. ^ The life and times of P.Jawahar Lal Nehru NDTV
  10. ^ Haidar, Suhasini (24 August 2014). "Consistent inconsistencies". The Hindu. Retrieved 2014-08-24.
  11. ^ Publishers on Ansari Road, Delhi Yahoo.
  12. ^ "Swan's song: Celebrating 25 years of a landmark Hindi literary magazine". Mint. 27 December 2011.
  13. ^ Golcha Delhilog.
  14. ^ [1]Golcha Cinema Website Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ "100 years of Dilli Khana". Business Line. 2011.
  16. ^ The modern dal makhani was invented by Moti Mahal Archived 1 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine Vir Sanghvi website.

External links

Atul Tandon

Atul Tandon (born 1 October 1959) is a nonprofit executive, entrepreneur, humanitarian and author. Tandon currently serves as CEO of Opportunity International, an organization committed to helping those living on less than $2 a day to break the cycle of endemic poverty, transform their lives, and strengthen their families and communities. He leads the organization’s activities to engage American donors, funders, corporations, foundations and the public in Opportunity’s work; and helps the organization develop programs that serve the global development community’s collective goal of ending extreme poverty by 2030. Tandon has enjoyed a highly successful 30-year career in a variety of senior leadership positions in industries including consumer banking, e-commerce, humanitarian relief, and development.

In May 2011, Tandon launched the Tandon Institute, an advisory firm working with non-profits and social sector enterprises worldwide to maximize their effectiveness and impact. Previously, he served as United Way Worldwide’s as the Executive Director of the organization’s 41-country International Network and Executive Vice President of Investor Relations. He provided oversight and leadership to United Way’s international network, including the advancement of the organization’s fund-raising objectives. From 2000 through 2009, Tandon was the Senior Vice President of Donor Engagement for World Vision United States, one of America’s largest charities. He served on World Vision’s executive team for nine years and led the organization through a period of unprecedented expansion and revenue growth..

Prior to his leadership roles in the non-profit sector, Tandon made a number of important contributions in the global financial services industry at Citibank in India, California, and New York, including the introduction of services like ATMs, credit cards, mortgages, consumer loans and remote banking for the first time in India and pioneering customer-centered relationship banking in California and New York.

Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg

Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg is a road in Delhi, India. It is named after Bahadur Shah Zafar who was the last Emperor of India. This road is sometimes also referred to as the (Mountain grass) Fleet Street of India, due to the presence of the newspaper offices of The Times of India, The Economic Times, The Indian Express, The Financial Express, Business Standard, The Pioneer, Metro Now amongst several others.

This road connects ITO Crossing to Daryaganj. (map)

Dal makhani

Dal makhani or dal makhni (pronounced daal makh-nee, "buttery lentils") is a dish originating from the Indian subcontinent, notably in the Punjab region. The primary ingredients are whole black lentil (urad), red kidney beans (rajma), butter and cream. The dish gets its richness from the use of cream, but it can also be prepared with yogurt, milk or no dairy.

Delhi Gate, Delhi

Delhi Gate is the southern gate of many in the historic walled city of (Old) Delhi, or Shahjahanabad. The gate links the New Delhi city with the old walled city of Delhi. It stands in the middle of the road, at the end of Netaji Subhash Chandra Road (or Netaji Subhash Marg), at the edge of the Daryaganj.

The Gate was built by Emperor Shah Jahan in 1638 as part of the rubble–built high fort walls that encircled the Shahajahanabad, the seventh city of Delhi. The emperor used this gate to go to the Jama Masjid for prayer.

The gate is similar in design and architecture to the northern gate of the walled city, the Kashmiri Gate (1853). It was built in sandstone and is an impressive and large structure. Near the gate entry, two stone carvings of elephants were erected.

The road from this gate passes through Daryaganj leading to the Kashmiri gate. A part of the fort wall to the east has been demolished to build the Old Delhi Railway Station while the wall to the west exists.

The gate is now a heritage site maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India.

Dr. Shroff’s Charity Eye Hospital

Dr. Shroff’s Charity Eye Hospital was established by Dr Sorabji P Shroff, who started to practice in India in 1914. Two of his grandsons, also opthalmologists, are on the board of the hospital. The present building in Daryaganj was opened in 1927. It specialises in otorhinolaryngology as well as ophthalmology.It was one of the first hospitals to sign up to the Ayushman Bharat Yojana scheme in 2018.It runs a training scheme for allied ophthalmic personnel. In October 2018 all the trainees were women. They get three months of classroom training in medical and computer skills and basic English followed by practical experience, with a stipend to help cover their costs. 85% of the students go on to work in the hospital. It also has a two-year program for trainee surgeons, who are placed in secondary centers where they can get specialist training.

The hospital is setting up a network of small clinics in rural areas from which patients can seek treatment and get hospital referrals. It working with the Relaxo Foundation to set up a three year project in Tijara to provide sustainable eye care services.

Gulshan Kumar

Gulshan Kumar Dua (5 May 1956 – 12 August 1997), known professionally as Gulshan Kumar, was the founder of the T-Series music label (Super Cassettes Industries Ltd.), and a Bollywood movie producer. He founded T-Series in the 1980s and established it as a leading record label in the 1990s.

In 1997, he was murdered by the Mumbai underworld syndicate D-Company. After his death, T-Series has since been run by his younger brother Krishan Kumar and son Bhushan Kumar. His daughter Tulsi Kumar and Khushali Kumar are also famous playback singers.

Imran Hussain (Indian politician)

Imran Hussain (born 21 May 1981) is an Indian politician and a member of the Sixth Legislative Assembly of Delhi in India. He represents the Ballimaran constituency of New Delhi and is a member of the Aam Aadmi Party political party. He has been inducted in the Delhi Cabinet as a Minister of Food and Civil Supplies, Environment & Forests and Election.

Jainism in Delhi

Delhi is an ancient centre of Jainism, home to over 165 Jain temples. Delhi has a large population of Jains spread all over the city. It has had continued presence of a Jain community throughout its history, and it is still a major Jain centre.

List of hospitals in India

This is a list of notable hospitals in India.

Various medical colleges and medicine related educational institutes also serve as hospitals. For those, refer List of medical colleges in India.

Mand Raigarh Coalfield

Mand Raigarh Coalfield is located in Raigarh district in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh. It lies in the valley of the Mand River, a tributary of the Mahanadi.

Mehr Lal Soni Zia Fatehabadi

Zia Fatehabadi, (Urdu: ضِیا فتح آبادی ‬‎),

(born Mehr Lal Soni; 9 February 1913 – 19 August 1986) was an Urdu ghazal and nazm writer. He was a disciple (shaagird) of Syed Aashiq Hussain Siddiqui Seemab Akbarabadi (1882–1951), who was a disciple of Nawab Mirza Khan Daagh Dehlvi (1831-1905). He used the takhallus (nom de plume) of Zia meaning "Light" on the suggestion of his teacher, Ghulaam Qadir Farkh Amritsari.

Old Delhi

Old Delhi or Purani Dilli was founded as a walled city of Delhi, India, founded as Shahjahanabad in 1639, when Shah Jahan, the Mughal emperor at the time, decided to shift the Mughal capital from Agra. The construction of the city was completed in 1648, and it remained the capital of the Mughal Empire until its fall in 1857, when the British Raj took over a paramount power in India.

It was once filled with mansions of nobles and members of the royal court, along with elegant mosques and gardens. Today, despite having become extremely crowded and dilapidated, it still serves as the symbolic heart of metropolitan Delhi.

Upon the 2012 trifurcation of the Municipal Corporation of Delhi, Old Delhi became administered by the North Delhi Municipal Corporation.

Raj Ghat and associated memorials

Raj Ghat is a memorial dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi in Delhi, India. Originally it was the name of a historic ghat of Old Delhi (Shahjahanabad). Close to it, and east of Daryaganj was Raj Ghat Gate of the walled city, opening at Raj Ghat to the west bank of the Yamuna River. Later the memorial area was also called Raj ghat. It is a black marble platform that marks the spot of Mahatma Gandhi's cremation, Antyeshti (Antim Sanskar) on 30 January 1948, a day after his assassination. It is left open to the sky while an eternal flame burns at one end. Located on Delhi's Ring Road, officially known as Mahatma Gandhi Road, a stone footpath flanked by lawns leads to the walled enclosure that houses the memorial.

Rajkamal Prakashan

Rajkamal Prakashan is a noted publishing house of Hindi literature as well as English book publication. Established in 1947, the publishing house is headquartered in New Delhi, with branches in Patna, Ranchi, Allahabad, Kolkata and some other locations.

Currently the publication has three other imprints besides Rajkamal Prakashan, Radhakrishna Prakashan, Lokbharti Prakashan and Banyan Tree Books, which publishes books in English.Rajkamal is also a publisher for the Indian Council of Historical Research based in Delhi.

Sanjeevan Hospitals

Sanjeevan Hospitals is a chain of two private hospitals located in Central Delhi. The first hospital, by the name Sanjeevan Hospital is located in Ansari Road Daryaganj New Delhi. The second hospital, by the name of Sanjeevan Specialty Hospital is located in Paharganj New Delhi.

Senior Cambridge

The Senior Cambridge examinations were General Certificate of Education examinations held in Pakistan, Malaysia, Singapore, India, and Jamaica. They were preceded by the Junior Cambridge and Preliminary Cambridge examinations.

Tandoori chicken

Tandoori chicken is chicken dish prepared by roasting chicken marinated in yoghurt and spices in a tandoor, a cylindrical clay oven. The dish originated from the Indian subcontinent and is popular in many other parts of the world.

Wardha Valley Coalfield

Wardha Valley Coalfield is located mainly in Chandrapur district in the Vidarbha region of the Indian state of Maharashtra.

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