Daniel and companions

Saint Daniel and Companions (died October 10, 1227) are venerated as martyrs by the Catholic Church. They were Friars Minor killed at Ceuta.[1]

Saint Daniel and Companions
Martyrdom daniele fasanella
Franciscan Martyrs
DiedOctober 10, 1227
Ceuta, Spain
Venerated inRoman Catholicism
Canonized1516 by Leo X
FeastOctober 13

History

The martyrdom of St. Berard and his companions in 1219 had inflamed many of the religious of the Order of Friars Minor with the desire of preaching the Gospel in non-Christian lands; and in 1227, the year following St. Francis's death, six religious of Tuscany, Agnellus (Agnello), Samuel, Donulus, Leo, Hugolinus (Ugolino), and Nicholas, petitioned Brother Elias of Cortona, then vicar-general of the Order, for permission to preach the Gospel to the Muslims of the Magreb.[2]

The six missionaries went first to Spain, where they were joined by Daniel, Minister Provincial of Calabria, who became their superior. They set sail from Spain and on 20 September reached the coast of Africa, where they remained for a few days in a small village inhabited mostly by Christian merchants just beyond the walls of the Saracen city of Ceuta.[2]

Finally, very early on Sunday morning, they entered the city, and immediately began to preach the Gospel and to denounce Islam. They were soon apprehended and brought before the sultan who, thinking that they were mad, ordered them to be cast into prison. Here they remained until the following Sunday when they were again brought before the sultan, who, by promises and threats, endeavoured in vain to make them deny the Christian religion. They were all condemned to death. Each one approached Daniel, the superior, to ask his blessing and permission to die for Christ. They were all beheaded.[2]

St. Daniel and his companions were canonized by Leo X in 1516.

Their feast is kept in the Franciscan Order on the thirteenth of October.

References

  1. ^ Father Candide Chalippe (1 June 2007). The Life and Legends of Saint Francis of Assisi. Echo Library. pp. 164–. ISBN 978-1-4068-4456-6. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
  2. ^ a b c Donovan, Stephen. "St. Daniel and Companions." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 4. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. 2 August 2018

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "St. Daniel and Companions" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.

Agnellus

Agnellus is a proper name of Latin origin. It may refer to:

Agnellus of Naples, bishop of Naples from 673–ca. 694, and patron saint of Naples

Agnellus, Bishop of Ravenna (487–570), a bishop of Ravenna

Andreas Agnellus (c. 805–c. 846), historian of Ravenna

Agnellus of Pisa (1195–1236), English Franciscan

Agnellus, martyred in 1227 at Ceuta with Daniel and Companions

Almohad Caliphate

The Almohad Caliphate (British English: /almə(ʊ)ˈhɑːd/, American English: /ɑlməˈhɑd/; Berber languages: ⵉⵎⵡⵃⵃⴷⵉⵢⵏ (Imweḥḥdiyen), from Arabic الموحدون (al-Muwaḥḥidūn), "the monotheists" or "the unifiers") was a Moroccan Berber Muslim movement and empire founded in the 12th century.The Almohad movement was founded by Ibn Tumart among the Berber Masmuda tribes of southern Morocco. Around 1120, the Almohads first established a Berber state in Tinmel in the Atlas Mountains. They succeeded in overthrowing the ruling Almoravid dynasty governing Morocco by 1147, when Abd al-Mu'min al-Gumi (r. 1130–1163) conquered Marrakesh and declared himself Caliph. They then extended their power over all of the Maghreb by 1159. Al-Andalus soon followed, and all of Islamic Iberia was under Almohad rule by 1172.The Almohad dominance of Iberia continued until 1212, when Muhammad III, "al-Nasir" (1199–1214) was defeated at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in the Sierra Morena by an alliance of the Christian princes of Castile, Aragon and Navarre. Nearly all of the Moorish dominions in Iberia were lost soon afterwards, with the great Moorish cities of Cordova and Seville falling to the Christians in 1236 and 1248 respectively.

The Almohads continued to rule in Africa until the piecemeal loss of territory through the revolt of tribes and districts enabled the rise of their most effective enemies, the Marinids, in 1215. The last representative of the line, Idris al-Wathiq, was reduced to the possession of Marrakesh, where he was murdered by a slave in 1269; the Marinids seized Marrakesh, ending the Almohad domination of the Western Maghreb.

Calendar of saints (Armenian Apostolic Church)

This is a calendar of saints list for the Armenian Apostolic Church.

List of Catholic saints

This is an incomplete list of people and angels whom the Catholic Church has canonized as saints. According to Catholic theology, all saints enjoy the beatific vision; it is impossible therefore for any list to enumerate them all. Many of the saints listed here are to be found in the General Roman Calendar, while others may also be found in the Roman Martyrology; still others are particular to local places and their recognition does not extend to the larger worldwide church.

Candidates go through the following steps on the way to being declared saints.

Saints acknowledged by the Eastern Orthodox and other churches are listed in Category:Christian saints by century and/or Category:Christian saints by nationality.

This list of Catholic saints is ordered chronologically by date of death.

List of canonizations

On 22 January 1588, with the Apostolic Constitution Immensa Aeterni Dei, Pope Sixtus V created the Sacred Congregation of Rites to regulate divine worship and to deal with the causes of saints.

October 13

October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 79 days remaining until the end of the year.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Ceuta

The Catholic diocese of Ceuta, first Portuguese and afterwards Spanish, existed from 1417 to 1879. It was a suffragan of the Patriarchate of Lisbon until 1675, with the end of the Iberian Union, when Ceuta choose to remain linked to the king of Spain. Since then it was a suffragan of the archdiocese of Seville. Its territory around Ceuta had previously belonged to the Order of Christ.The diocese of Tanger was united to it, in 1570. In 1851, upon the signature of the concordat between the Holy See and Spain, the diocese of Ceuta was agreed to be suppressed, being combined into the diocese of Cádiz y Ceuta (up to then diocese of Cádiz y Algeciras). The agreement was implemented in 1879.

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