Daniel Day-Lewis

Sir Daniel Michael Blake Day-Lewis (born 29 April 1957) is a retired English[1] actor who holds both British and Irish citizenship. Born and raised in London, he excelled on stage at the National Youth Theatre, before being accepted at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School, which he attended for three years. He has been hailed by critics and scholars as the greatest actor of his generation, and one of the greatest actors of all time.

Despite his traditional training at the Bristol Old Vic, Day-Lewis is considered a method actor, known for his constant devotion to and research of his roles.[2][3] He would often remain completely in character throughout the shooting schedules of his films, even to the point of adversely affecting his health.[4] He is one of the most selective actors in the film industry, having starred in only six films since 1998, with as many as five years between roles.[5] Protective of his private life, he rarely gives interviews, and makes very few public appearances.[6] In June 2014, he received a knighthood for services to drama.[7] Day-Lewis announced his retirement in 2017, following the completion of his starring role in Phantom Thread.[8][9]

Day-Lewis shifted between theatre and film for most of the early 1980s, joining the Royal Shakespeare Company and playing Romeo in Romeo and Juliet and Flute in A Midsummer Night's Dream, before appearing in the 1984 film The Bounty. He starred in My Beautiful Laundrette (1985), his first critically acclaimed role, and gained further public notice with A Room with a View (1985). He then assumed leading man status with The Unbearable Lightness of Being (1988).

One of the most acclaimed actors in film history, Day-Lewis has earned numerous awards, including three Academy Awards for Best Actor for his performances in My Left Foot (1989), There Will Be Blood (2007), and Lincoln (2012), making him the only male actor in history to have three wins in the lead actor category, and one of only three male actors to win three Oscars.[10] He was also nominated in this category for In the Name of the Father (1993), Gangs of New York (2002), and Phantom Thread (2017).[11] He has also won four BAFTA Awards for Best Actor, three Screen Actors Guild Awards, and two Golden Globe Awards. In November 2012, Time named Day-Lewis the "World's Greatest Actor".[12]


Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis crop
Day-Lewis in May 2013
Born29 April 1957 (age 61)
ResidenceAnnamoe, County Wicklow, Ireland
Citizenship
  • United Kingdom
  • Ireland
OccupationActor
Years active1970–2017
Spouse(s)
Rebecca Miller (m. 1996)
Partner(s)Isabelle Adjani (1989–1995)
Children3
Parent(s)Cecil Day-Lewis
Jill Balcon
RelativesTamasin Day-Lewis (sister)
Michael Balcon (grandfather)

Early life

Daniel Michael Blake Day-Lewis was born in Kensington, London, the second child of poet Cecil Day-Lewis (1904–1972) and his second wife, actress Jill Balcon (1925–2009). His older sister, Tamasin Day-Lewis (born 1953), is a television chef and food critic.[13] His father, who was born in the Irish town of Ballintubbert, County Laois, was of Protestant Anglo-Irish descent, lived in England from the age of two, and was appointed Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom.[14] Daniel's mother was Jewish; her ancestors were immigrants to England in the late 19th century, from Latvia and Poland.[15][16][17][18] Day-Lewis' maternal grandfather, Sir Michael Balcon, became the head of Ealing Studios, helping develop the new British film industry.[19]

Two years after Day-Lewis' birth, he moved with his family to Croom's Hill in Greenwich via Port Clarence Middlesbrough. He and his older sister did not see much of their older two half-brothers, who had been teenagers when Day-Lewis' father divorced their mother.[20] Living in Greenwich (he attended Invicta and Sherington Primary Schools),[21] Day-Lewis had to deal with tough South London children. Identified as Jewish and "posh", he was often bullied.[22] He mastered the local accent and mannerisms, and credits that as being his first convincing performance.[22][23] Later in life, he has been known to speak of himself as very much a disorderly character in his younger years, often in trouble for shoplifting and other petty crimes.[23][24]

In 1968, Day-Lewis' parents, finding his behaviour to be too wild, sent him as a boarder to the independent Sevenoaks School in Kent.[24] At the school, he was introduced to his three most prominent interests: woodworking, acting, and fishing. However, his disdain for the school grew, and after two years at Sevenoaks, he was transferred to another independent school, Bedales in Petersfield, Hampshire.[25] His sister was already a student there, and it had a more relaxed and creative ethos.[24] He made his film debut at the age of 14 in Sunday Bloody Sunday, in which he played a vandal in an uncredited role. He described the experience as "heaven" for getting paid £2 to vandalise expensive cars parked outside his local church.[20]

For a few weeks in 1972, the Day-Lewis family lived at Lemmons, the north London home of Kingsley Amis and Elizabeth Jane Howard. Day-Lewis' father had pancreatic cancer, and Howard invited the family to Lemmons as a place they could use to rest and recuperate. His father died there in May that year.[26] By the time he left Bedales in 1975, Day-Lewis' unruly attitude had diminished and he needed to make a career choice. Although he had excelled on stage at the National Youth Theatre in London, he applied for a five-year apprenticeship as a cabinet-maker. He was rejected due to lack of experience.[24] He was accepted at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School, which he attended for three years along with Miranda Richardson, eventually performing at the Bristol Old Vic itself.[24] At one point he played understudy to Pete Postlethwaite, with whom he would later co-star in the film In the Name of the Father (1994).[27]

John Hartoch, Day-Lewis' acting teacher at Bristol Old Vic, recalled:

There was something about him even then. He was quiet and polite, but he was clearly focused on his acting—he had a burning quality. He seemed to have something burning beneath the surface. There was a lot going on beneath that quiet appearance. There was one performance in particular, when the students put on a play called Class Energy, when he really seemed to shine—and it became obvious to us, the staff, that we had someone rather special on our hands.[28]

Career

1980s

During the early 1980s, Day-Lewis worked in theatre and television, including Frost in May (where he played an impotent man-child) and How Many Miles to Babylon? (as a World War I officer torn between allegiances to Britain and Ireland) for the BBC. Eleven years after his film debut, Day-Lewis had a small part in the film Gandhi (1982) as Colin, a South African street thug who racially bullies the title character. In late 1982, he had his big theatre break when he took over the lead in Another Country, which had premiered in late 1981. Next, he took on a supporting role as the conflicted, but ultimately loyal, first mate in The Bounty (1984). He next joined the Royal Shakespeare Company, playing Romeo in Romeo and Juliet and Flute in A Midsummer Night's Dream.[24]

In 1985, Day-Lewis gave his first critically acclaimed performance playing a young gay English man in an interracial relationship with a Pakistani youth in the film My Beautiful Laundrette. Directed by Stephen Frears, and written by Hanif Kureishi, the film is set in 1980s London during Margaret Thatcher's tenure as Prime Minister.[6] It is the first of three Day-Lewis films to appear in the BFI's 100 greatest British films of the 20th century, ranking 50th.[29]

Day-Lewis gained further public notice that year with A Room with a View (1985), based on the novel by E. M. Forster. Set in the Edwardian period of turn-of-the-20th-century England, he portrayed an entirely different character: Cecil Vyse, the proper upper-class fiancé of the main character.[30] In 1987, Day-Lewis assumed leading man status by starring in Philip Kaufman's adaptation of Milan Kundera's The Unbearable Lightness of Being, in which he portrayed a Czech surgeon whose hyperactive sex life is thrown into disarray when he allows himself to become emotionally involved with a woman. During the eight-month shoot, he learned Czech, and first began to refuse to break character on or off the set for the entire shooting schedule.[24] During this period, Day-Lewis and other young British actors of the time, such as Gary Oldman, Colin Firth, Tim Roth, and Bruce Payne, were dubbed the "Brit Pack".[31]

Day-Lewis progressed his personal version of method acting in 1989 with his performance as Christy Brown in Jim Sheridan's My Left Foot. It won him numerous awards, including the Academy Award for Best Actor and BAFTA Award for Best Actor. Brown, known as a writer and painter, was born with cerebral palsy, and was able to control only his left foot.[4] Day-Lewis prepared for the role by making frequent visits to Sandymount School Clinic in Dublin, where he formed friendships with several people with disabilities, some of whom had no speech.[32] During filming, he again refused to break character.[24] Playing a severely paralysed character on screen, off screen Day-Lewis had to be moved around the set in his wheelchair, and crew members would curse at having to lift him over camera and lighting wires, all so that he might gain insight into all aspects of Brown's life, including the embarrassments.[23] Crew members were also required to spoon-feed him.[4] It was rumoured that he had broken two ribs during filming from assuming a hunched-over position in his wheelchair for so many weeks, something he denied years later at the 2013 Santa Barbara International Film Festival.[33]

Day-Lewis returned to the stage in 1989 to work with Richard Eyre, as the title character in Hamlet at the National Theatre, London, but collapsed during the scene where the ghost of Hamlet's father appears before him.[24] He began sobbing uncontrollably, and refused to go back on stage; he was replaced by Jeremy Northam, who received a standing ovation. Ian Charleson formally replaced Day-Lewis for the rest of the run, but his ill-health forced Northam to stand in again many times. Although the incident was officially attributed to exhaustion, Day-Lewis later claimed to have seen the ghost of his own father.[24][34]

He has not appeared on stage since. The media attention following his breakdown on-stage contributed to his decision to eventually move from England to Ireland in the mid-1990s, to regain a sense of privacy amidst his increasing fame.[35]

1990s

Day-Lewis starred in the American film The Last of the Mohicans (1992), based on a novel by James Fenimore Cooper. Day-Lewis' character research for this film was well-publicised; he reportedly underwent rigorous weight training, and learned to live off the land and forest where his character lived, camping, hunting, and fishing.[24] Day-Lewis also added to his wood-working skills, and learned how to make canoes.[36] He carried a long rifle at all times during filming to remain in character.[24][37]

He returned to work with Jim Sheridan on In the Name of the Father, in which he played Gerry Conlon, one of the Guildford Four, who were wrongfully convicted of a bombing carried out by the Provisional IRA. He lost 30 pounds (14 kg) for the part, kept his Northern Irish accent on and off the set for the entire shooting schedule, and spent stretches of time in a prison cell.[37] He also insisted that crew members throw cold water at him and verbally abuse him.[37] The film earned him his second Academy Award nomination, third BAFTA nomination, and second Golden Globe nomination.

Day-Lewis returned to the United States in 1993, playing Newland Archer in Martin Scorsese's adaptation of the Edith Wharton novel The Age of Innocence. To prepare for the film, set in America's Gilded Age, he wore 1870s-period aristocratic clothing around New York City for two months, including top hat, cane, and cape.[38]

In 1996, Day-Lewis starred in The Crucible, a film version of the play by Arthur Miller. During the shoot, he met his future wife, Rebecca Miller, the author's daughter.[39] He followed that with Jim Sheridan's The Boxer, starring as a former boxer and IRA member recently released from prison. His preparation included training with former boxing world champion Barry McGuigan, and attending professional boxing matches such as the Nigel Benn vs. Gerald McClellan world title fight at London Arena.[40][41]

Following The Boxer, Day-Lewis took a leave of absence from acting by going into "semi-retirement" and returning to his old passion of wood-working.[40] He moved to Florence, Italy, where he became intrigued by the craft of shoe-making. He apprenticed as a shoe-maker with Stefano Bemer.[24] For a time, his exact whereabouts and actions were not made publicly known.[42]

2000s

Daniel Day-Lewis 2007
Day-Lewis in New York, 2007

After a three-year absence from acting on screen, Day-Lewis returned in 2000 to film Gangs of New York (released in 2002), directed by Scorsese and produced by Harvey Weinstein. In his role as the villainous gang leader William "Bill the Butcher" Cutting, he starred alongside Leonardo DiCaprio, who played Bill's young protégé. He hired circus performers to teach him to throw knives.[4] While filming, he was never out of character between takes (including keeping his character's New York accent).[24] At one point during filming, having been diagnosed with pneumonia, he refused to wear a warmer coat, or to take treatment, because it was not in keeping with the period; however, he was eventually persuaded to seek medical treatment.[4] His performance in Gangs of New York earned him his third Academy Award nomination, and won him his second BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role.[43]

Daniel Day-Lewis at the 61st British Academy Film Awards in London, UK - 20080210
Day-Lewis at the 61st British Academy Film Awards in London, 10 February 2008

After Gangs of New York, Day-Lewis' wife, director Rebecca Miller, offered him the lead role in her film The Ballad of Jack and Rose, in which he played a dying man with regrets over how his life had evolved, and over how he had brought up his teenage daughter. During filming, he arranged to live separately from his wife to achieve the "isolation" needed to focus on his own character's reality.[20] The film received mixed reviews.[44]

In 2007, Day-Lewis starred in Paul Thomas Anderson's loose film adaptation of the Upton Sinclair novel Oil!, titled There Will Be Blood.[45] Day-Lewis received the Academy Award for Best Actor, BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role, Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama, Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role (which he dedicated to Heath Ledger, saying that he was inspired by Ledger's acting and calling the actor's performance in Brokeback Mountain "unique, perfect"),[46][47] and a variety of film critics' circle awards for the role. In winning the Best Actor Oscar, Day-Lewis joined Marlon Brando and Jack Nicholson as the only Best Actor winner awarded an Oscar in two non-consecutive decades.[48]

In 2009, Day-Lewis starred in Rob Marshall's musical adaptation Nine as film director Guido Contini.[49] Day-Lewis was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy and the Satellite Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy for his role, as well as sharing nominations for the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture and the Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Cast and the Satellite Award for Best Cast – Motion Picture with the rest of the cast members.[50][51]

2010s

Daniel Day Lewis at the White House
Day-Lewis viewing the Gettysburg Address in the Lincoln Bedroom in the White House, November 2012

Day-Lewis played Abraham Lincoln in Steven Spielberg's film Lincoln (2012).[53] Based on the book Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln, the film began shooting in Richmond, Virginia, in October 2011.[54] Day-Lewis spent a year in preparation for the role, a time he had requested from Spielberg.[55] He read over 100 books on Lincoln, and long worked with the make-up artist to achieve a physical likeness to Lincoln. Lincoln received positive reviews, especially for Day-Lewis' performance. It also became a commercial success, grossing over $275 million worldwide.[56] In November 2012, Day-Lewis received the BAFTA Britannia Award for Excellence in Film.[57]

At the 70th Golden Globe Awards, on 14 January 2013, Day-Lewis won his second Golden Globe Award for Best Actor, and at the 66th British Academy Film Awards on 10 February, he won his fourth BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role. At the 85th Academy Awards, Day-Lewis became the first three-time recipient of the Best Actor Oscar for his role in Lincoln.[58]

John Hartoch, Day-Lewis' acting teacher at Bristol Old Vic theatre school, said of his former pupil's achievement,

Although we have quite an impressive alumni – everyone from Jeremy Irons to Patrick Stewart – I suppose he is now probably the best known, and we're very proud of all he's achieved. I certainly hold him up to current students of an example, particularly as an example of how to manage your career with great integrity. He's never courted fame, and as a result, he's never had his private life impeached upon by the press. He's clearly not interested in celebrity as such – he's just interested in his acting. He is still a great craftsman.[28]

Following his historic third Oscar win, there was much debate about Day-Lewis' standing among the greatest actors in the history of cinema.[52][59] Joe Queenan in The Guardian stated: "Arguing whether Daniel Day-Lewis is a greater actor than Laurence Olivier, or Richard Burton, or Marlon Brando, is like arguing whether Messi is more talented than Pelé, whether Napoleon Bonaparte edges out Alexander the Great as a military genius."[59] Day-Lewis himself when asked what it was like to be "the world's greatest actor", responded "It's daft isn't it? It changes all the time".[60] Shortly after winning the Oscar for Lincoln, Day-Lewis announced he would be taking a break from acting, retreating back to his Georgian farmhouse in County Wicklow, Ireland, for the next five years, before making another film.[61]

After a five-year hiatus, Day-Lewis returned to the screen to star in Paul Thomas Anderson's historical drama Phantom Thread in December 2017. Set in 1950s London, Day-Lewis played an obsessive dressmaker, Reynolds Woodcock, who falls in love with a waitress, played by Vicky Krieps.[62] Prior to the film's release, on 20 June 2017, Day-Lewis' spokeswoman, Leslee Dart, announced that he was retiring from acting.[8] Unable to give an exact reason for his decision, in a November 2017 interview, Day-Lewis stated: "I haven't figured it out. But it's settled on me, and it's just there... I dread to use the over-used word 'artist', but there's something of the responsibility of the artist that hung over me. I need to believe in the value of what I'm doing. The work can seem vital. Irresistible, even. And if an audience believes it, that should be good enough for me. But, lately, it isn't."[63] The film and his performance were met with universal praise from critics, and Day-Lewis was again nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor.[64]

Personal life

Daniel Day-Lewis and wife - 2008 Academy Awards
Day-Lewis and Rebecca Miller at the 80th Academy Awards

Protective of his privacy, Day-Lewis described his life as a "lifelong study in evasion".[65] He had a relationship with French actress Isabelle Adjani that lasted six years, eventually ending after a split and reconciliation.[2] Their son, Gabriel-Kane Day-Lewis, was born on 9 April 1995, in New York City, a few months after the relationship ended.

In 1996, while working on the film version of the stage play The Crucible, he visited the home of playwright Arthur Miller, where he was introduced to the writer's daughter, Rebecca Miller.[2] They married later that year, on 13 November 1996.[66] The couple have two sons, Ronan Cal Day-Lewis (born 1998) and Cashel Blake Day-Lewis (born 2002). They divide their time between their homes in Annamoe, County Wicklow and Manhattan, New York.[20][67]

Day-Lewis has held dual British and Irish citizenship since 1993.[68] He has maintained his Annamoe home since 1997.[67][69][70] He stated: "I do have dual citizenship, but I think of England as my country. I miss London very much, but I couldn't live there because there came a time when I needed to be private and was forced to be public by the press. I couldn't deal with it."[65] He is a supporter of South East London football club Millwall.[71]

On 15 July 2010, Day-Lewis received an honorary doctorate in letters from the University of Bristol, in part because of his attendance of the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School in his youth.[72] Day-Lewis has stated that he had "no real religious education", and that he "suppose[s]" he is "a die-hard agnostic".[73] In October 2012, he donated to the University of Oxford papers belonging to his father, the poet Cecil Day-Lewis, including early drafts of the poet's work and letters from actor John Gielgud and literary figures such as W. H. Auden, Robert Graves, and Philip Larkin.[74] In July 2015, he became the Honorary President of the Poetry Archive. A registered UK charity, the Poetry Archive is a free website containing a growing collection of recordings of English-language poets reading their work.[75] In June 2017, Day-Lewis became a patron of the Wilfred Owen Association.[76] Day-Lewis' association with Wilfred Owen began with his father, Cecil Day-Lewis, who edited Owen's poetry in the 1960s and his mother, Jill Balcon, who was a vice-president of the Wilfred Owen Association until her death in 2009.[77][78]

In 2008, when he received the Academy Award for Best Actor from Helen Mirren (who was on presenting duty having won the previous year's Best Actress Oscar for playing Queen Elizabeth II in The Queen), Day-Lewis knelt before her, and she tapped him on each shoulder with the Oscar statuette, to which he quipped: "That's the closest I'll come to ever getting a knighthood."[79] Day-Lewis was appointed a Knight Bachelor in the 2014 Birthday Honours for services to drama.[7][80] On 14 November 2014, he was knighted by Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, in an investiture ceremony at Buckingham Palace.[81][82]

Filmography

Film

Year Title Role Notes
1971 Sunday Bloody Sunday Child Vandal Uncredited
1982 Gandhi Colin
1984 The Bounty John Fryer
1985 My Beautiful Laundrette Johnny
1985 A Room with a View Cecil Vyse
1986 Nanou Max
1988 The Unbearable Lightness of Being Tomas
1988 Stars and Bars Henderson Dores
1989 My Left Foot Christy Brown Academy Award for Best Actor
BAFTA Award for Best Actor
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor
1989 Eversmile, New Jersey Fergus O'Connell
1992 The Last of the Mohicans Hawkeye (Nathaniel Poe) Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Actor
1993 The Age of Innocence Newland Archer
1993 In the Name of the Father Gerry Conlon Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Actor
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor
1996 The Crucible John Proctor
1997 The Boxer Danny Flynn Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor
2002 Gangs of New York William "Bill the Butcher" Cutting BAFTA Award for Best Actor
Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor
2005 The Ballad of Jack and Rose Jack Slavin
2007 There Will Be Blood Daniel Plainview Academy Award for Best Actor
BAFTA Award for Best Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor
2009 Nine Guido Contini Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor
2012 Lincoln Abraham Lincoln Academy Award for Best Actor
BAFTA Award for Best Actor
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor
2017 Phantom Thread Reynolds Woodcock Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actor
Nominated—BAFTA Award for Best Actor
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor

Television

Year Title Role Notes
1980 Shoestring DJ Episode: "The Farmer Had a Wife"
1981 Thank You, P. G. Wodehouse Psmith Television film
1981 Artemis 81 Library Student Television film
1982 How Many Miles to Babylon? Alec Television film
1982 Frost in May Archie Hughes-Forret Episode: "Beyond the Glass"
1983 Play of the Month Gordon Whitehouse Episode: "Dangerous Corner"
1985 My Brother Jonathan Jonathan Dakers 5 episodes
1986 Screen Two Dr. Kafka Episode: "The Insurance Man"

Stage

Year Title Role Director Theatre
1979 The Recruiting Officer Townsperson/Soldier Adrian Noble Theatre Royal, Bristol
1979 Troilus and Cressida Deiphobus Richard Cottrell Theatre Royal, Bristol
1979 Funny Peculiar Stanley Baldry Pete Postlethwaite Little Theatre, Bristol
1979–80 Old King Cole The Amazing Faz Bob Crowley Old Vic Theatre, Bristol
1980 Class Enemy Iron David Rome Old Vic Theatre, Bristol
1980 Edward II Leicester Richard Cottrell Old Vic Theatre, Bristol
1980 Oh, What a Lovely War! Unknown David Tucker Theatre Royal, Bristol
1980 A Midsummer Night's Dream Philostrate Richard Cottrell Theatre Royal, Bristol
1981 Look Back in Anger Jimmy Porter George Costigan Little Theatre, Bristol
1981 Dracula Count Dracula George Costigan Little Theatre, Bristol
1982–83 Another Country Guy Bennett Stuart Burge Queen's Theatre, Shaftesbury Avenue
1983–84 A Midsummer Night's Dream & Romeo and Juliet Flute & Romeo respectively Sheila Hancock & John Caird On a Royal Shakespeare Company Regional Tour
1984 Dracula Count Dracula Christopher Bond Half Moon Theatre, London
1986 Futurists Volodya Mayakovsky Richard Eyre Royal National Theatre, London
1989 Hamlet Hamlet Richard Eyre Royal National Theatre, London

Music

Year Title Role
2005 The Ballad of Jack and Rose Original score producer
2009 Nine Performer on "Guido's Song", "I Can't Make This Movie"

See also

References

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  3. ^ Parker, Emily (23 January 2008). "Sojourner in Other Men's Souls". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
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External links

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Dustin Hoffman
for Rain Man
Academy Award for Best Actor
1989
for My Left Foot
Succeeded by
Jeremy Irons
for Reversal of Fortune
Preceded by
Forest Whitaker
for The Last King of Scotland
Academy Award for Best Actor
2007
for There Will Be Blood
Succeeded by
Sean Penn
for Milk
Preceded by
Jean Dujardin
for The Artist
Academy Award for Best Actor
2012
for Lincoln
Succeeded by
Matthew McConaughey
for Dallas Buyers Club
56th British Academy Film Awards

The 56th British Academy Film Awards, given by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, took place on 23 February 2003 and honoured the best films of 2002.

The Pianist won Best Film and Best Director for Roman Polanski. Daniel Day-Lewis won Best Actor for Gangs of New York and Nicole Kidman won Best Actress for The Hours. Christopher Walken won Best Supporting Actor for Catch Me If You Can and Catherine Zeta-Jones won Best Supporting Actress for Chicago. The Warrior, directed by Asif Kapadia, was voted Outstanding British Film of 2002.

A Room with a View (1985 film)

A Room with a View is a 1985 British romance film directed by James Ivory, screenplay written by Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, and produced by Ismail Merchant, of E. M. Forster's novel of the same name (1908). The film closely follows the novel by use of chapter titles to distinguish thematic segments. Set in England and Italy, it is about a young woman named Lucy Honeychurch in the restrictive and repressed culture of Edwardian England, and her developing love for a free-spirited young man, George Emerson. It stars Helena Bonham Carter as Lucy and Julian Sands as George, and features Maggie Smith, Denholm Elliott, Daniel Day-Lewis, Judi Dench and Simon Callow in supporting roles.

The film received universal critical acclaim and was a box-office success. At the 59th Academy Awards, it was nominated for eight Academy Awards (including Best Picture), and won three: Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Art Direction, and Best Costume Design. It also won five British Academy Film Awards and a Golden Globe. In 1999, the British Film Institute placed A Room with a View 73rd on its list of the Top 100 British films of the 20th century.

Academy Award for Best Actor

The Academy Award for Best Actor is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). It is given in honor of an actor who has delivered an outstanding performance in a leading role while working within the film industry. The award was traditionally presented by the previous year's Best Actress winner.

The 1st Academy Awards ceremony was held in 1929 with Emil Jannings receiving the award for his roles in The Last Command and The Way of All Flesh. Currently, nominees are determined by single transferable vote within the actors branch of AMPAS; winners are selected by a plurality vote from the entire eligible voting members of the Academy.In the first three years of the awards, actors were nominated as the best in their categories. At that time, all of their work during the qualifying period (as many as three films, in some cases) was listed after the award. However, during the 3rd ceremony held in 1930, only one of those films was cited in each winner's final award, even though each of the acting winners had two films following their names on the ballots. The following year, this system was replaced by the current system in which an actor is nominated for a specific performance in a single film. Starting with the 9th ceremony held in 1937, the category was officially limited to five nominations per year.Since its inception, the award has been given to 80 actors. Daniel Day-Lewis has received the most awards in this category with three Oscars. Spencer Tracy and Laurence Olivier were nominated on nine occasions, more than any other actor. As of the 2018 ceremony, Gary Oldman is the most recent winner in this category for portraying Winston Churchill in Darkest Hour.

BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role

Best Actor in a Leading Role is a British Academy Film Award presented annually by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) to recognize an actor who has delivered an outstanding leading performance in a film.

Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor

The Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Actor is an annual award given by the Chicago Film Critics Association.

Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Actor

The Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Actor is one of the awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Broadcast Film Critics Association at their annual Critics' Choice Movie Awards.

Gangs of New York

Gangs of New York is a 2002 American epic period drama film directed by Martin Scorsese, set in the New York slums, and inspired by Herbert Asbury's non-fiction book, The Gangs of New York. The screenplay was by Jay Cocks, Steven Zaillian, and Kenneth Lonergan. The film stars Leonardo DiCaprio, Daniel Day-Lewis and Cameron Diaz.

In 1863, a long-running Catholic–Protestant feud erupts into violence, just as an Irish immigrant group is protesting about low wages caused by an influx of freed slaves, as well as the threat of conscription. Scorsese spent twenty years developing the project until in 1999 Harvey Weinstein and his production company Miramax Films acquired it. Made in Cinecittà, Rome and in New York, the film was completed by 2001, but was delayed following the September 11 attacks. Released on December 20, 2002, it grossed $193 million worldwide against its $100 million budget. The film received positive reviews from critics for Day-Lewis' performance, Scorsese's directing, the production design and costume design. It was nominated for ten Oscars at the Academy Awards.

Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama

The Golden Globe Award for Best Actor in a Motion Picture – Drama was first awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association as a separate category in 1951. Previously, there was a single award for "Best Actor in a Motion Picture" but the splitting allowed for recognition of it and the Best Actor – Musical or Comedy.

The formal title has varied since its inception. In 2005, it was officially called: "Best Performance by an Actor in a Motion Picture – Drama". As of 2013, the wording is "Best Actor in a Motion Picture – Drama".

In the Name of the Father (film)

In the Name of the Father is a 1993 biographical courtroom drama film co-written and directed by Jim Sheridan. It is based on the true story of the Guildford Four, four people falsely convicted of the 1974 Guildford pub bombings, which killed four off-duty British soldiers and a civilian. The screenplay was adapted by Terry George and Jim Sheridan from the autobiography Proved Innocent: The Story of Gerry Conlon of the Guildford Four by Gerry Conlon.The film was positively received by critics, and received seven Academy Award nominations, including Best Actor in a Leading Role (Daniel Day-Lewis), Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Pete Postlethwaite), Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Emma Thompson), Best Director, and Best Picture.

Lincoln (film)

Lincoln is a 2012 American historical drama film directed and produced by Steven Spielberg, starring Daniel Day-Lewis as U.S. President Abraham Lincoln. The film also features Sally Field, David Strathairn, Joseph Gordon-Levitt, James Spader, Hal Holbrook, and Tommy Lee Jones in supporting performances. The screenplay by Tony Kushner was loosely based on Doris Kearns Goodwin's biography Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln, and covers the final four months of Lincoln's life, focusing on his efforts in January 1865 to have the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution passed by the United States House of Representatives.

The film was produced by Spielberg and frequent collaborator Kathleen Kennedy, through their respective production companies, Amblin Entertainment and the Kennedy/Marshall Company. Filming began October 17, 2011, and ended on December 19, 2011. Lincoln premiered on October 8, 2012 at the New York Film Festival. The film was co-produced by DreamWorks Pictures, 20th Century Fox, and Participant Media, and released theatrically by Touchstone Pictures in North America on November 9, 2012. The film was distributed by Fox in international territories.Lincoln received significant praise for the acting, especially Day-Lewis's performance, as well as Spielberg's direction, and production values. In December 2012, the film was nominated for seven Golden Globe Awards including Best Motion Picture – Drama, Best Director for Spielberg and winning Best Actor (Motion Picture – Drama) for Day-Lewis. At the 85th Academy Awards, the film was nominated for twelve Academy Awards including Best Picture and Best Director; it won for Best Production Design and Best Actor for Day-Lewis. The film was also a commercial success, grossing over $275 million at the box office.Disney will handle worldwide distribution rights to Lincoln and Bridge of Spies from 2019 if its announced acquisition of 21st Century Fox's assets, including 20th Century Fox, which distributed both films internationally, gets finalized.

My Left Foot

My Left Foot: The Story of Christy Brown, also known simply as My Left Foot, is a 1989 biographical comedy drama film co-written and directed by Jim Sheridan and starring Daniel Day-Lewis, Brenda Fricker, Ray McAnally, Hugh O'Conor and Fiona Shaw. It tells the story of Christy Brown (Day-Lewis), an Irishman born with cerebral palsy, who could control only his left foot. Brown grew up in a poor working-class family, and became a writer and artist. Also starring in the film are Julie Hale, Alison Whelan, Kirsten Sheridan, Declan Croghan, Eanna MacLiam, Marie Conmee, and Cyril Cusack. It is a partly fictional biography, adapted by Shane Connaughton and Jim Sheridan from the book My Left Foot by Brown.The film was well received by critics and audiences, with Day-Lewis' performance being widely acclaimed. Day-Lewis won the Academy Award and the BAFTA Award for Best Actor, while Brenda Fricker won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. The film was additionally nominated for three other Oscars, including Best Adapted Screenplay for Shane Connaughton and Jim Sheridan, Best Director for Sheridan and the Academy Award for Best Picture. An Irish and British co-production, the British Film Institute ranked My Left Foot the 53rd greatest British film of the 20th century.

New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor

The New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor is one of the awards given by the New York Film Critics Circle to honor the finest achievements in filmmaking.

Nine (2009 live-action film)

Nine is a 2009 romantic musical drama film directed and produced by Rob Marshall and written by Michael Tolkin and Anthony Minghella. The film is an adaptation of the 1982 musical of the same name, which in turn is based on Federico Fellini's semi-autobiographical 1963 film 8½. In addition to songs from the stage musical, all written by Maury Yeston, the film has three original songs, also written by Yeston. The ensemble principal cast consists of Daniel Day-Lewis, Marion Cotillard, Penélope Cruz, Judi Dench, Fergie, Kate Hudson, Nicole Kidman, and Sophia Loren. The film premiered in London, opened the 6th annual Dubai International Film Festival on December 9, 2009 and was released in the United States on December 18, 2009, in New York City and Los Angeles, with a wide release on December 25, 2009. Though a critical and commercial failure, Nine was nominated for four Academy Awards: Best Supporting Actress (Penélope Cruz), Best Art Direction (John Myhre (AD), Gordon Sim (SD)), Best Costume Design (Colleen Atwood) and Best Original Song ("Take It All", music and lyrics by Maury Yeston).

Phantom Thread

Phantom Thread is a 2017 American period drama film written and directed by Paul Thomas Anderson, set in London's couture world in 1954. It stars Daniel Day-Lewis as a couturier who takes a young waitress, played by Vicky Krieps, as his muse; it is Day-Lewis's final role before his retirement. The film is the first Anderson film shot outside the United States, with principal photography beginning in January 2017 in Lythe, England. It is Anderson's second collaboration with Day-Lewis, following There Will Be Blood (2007), and his fourth with composer Jonny Greenwood.

Phantom Thread premiered in New York City on December 11, 2017, and was theatrically released in the United States on December 25, 2017. The film received praise for its acting, screenplay, direction, musical score, costume design, and production values. It was chosen by the National Board of Review as one of the top ten films of 2017.At the 90th Academy Awards, the film was nominated for Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor for Day-Lewis, Supporting Actress for Lesley Manville and Best Original Score, and won for Best Costume Design. It also earned four nominations at the 71st British Academy Film Awards, winning for Best Costume Design, and received two Golden Globe nominations.

Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role

The Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Leading Role is an award given by the Screen Actors Guild to honor the finest acting achievements in film.

Stars and Bars (1988 film)

Stars and Bars is a 1988 American comedy film directed by Pat O'Connor and starring Daniel Day-Lewis. It is based on William Boyd's 1984 book of the same name.

The Boxer (1997 film)

The Boxer is a 1997 sports-drama film by Irish director Jim Sheridan. Starring Daniel Day-Lewis and Emily Watson, the film centers on the life of a boxer and former Provisional IRA volunteer Danny Flynn, played by Day-Lewis, who is trying to "go straight" after his release from prison. The film is the third collaboration between Sheridan and Day-Lewis, and portrays the increase of splinter groups within the IRA.

The Last of the Mohicans (1992 film)

The Last of the Mohicans is a 1992 American epic historical drama film set in 1757 during the French and Indian War. It was written and directed by Michael Mann and was based on James Fenimore Cooper's 1826 novel The Last of the Mohicans: A Narrative of 1757 and George B. Seitz's 1936 film adaptation, owing more to the film than the novel. The film stars Daniel Day-Lewis, Madeleine Stowe, and Jodhi May, with Russell Means, Wes Studi, Eric Schweig, and Steven Waddington in supporting roles.

The soundtrack features music by Trevor Jones and Randy Edelman, and the song "I Will Find You" by Clannad. The main theme of the film is taken from the tune "The Gael" by Scottish singer-songwriter Dougie MacLean.

Released on September 25, 1992 in the United States, The Last of the Mohicans was met with positive reviews and commercial success during its box-office run.

There Will Be Blood

There Will Be Blood is a 2007 American drama film written and directed by Paul Thomas Anderson. It stars Daniel Day-Lewis and Paul Dano. The film was inspired by Upton Sinclair's novel Oil! It tells the story of a silver miner-turned-oilman (Day-Lewis) on a ruthless quest for wealth during Southern California's oil boom of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Kevin J. O'Connor, Ciarán Hinds, and Dillon Freasier are also featured in the film.

Fast Food Nation writer Eric Schlosser initially acquired the rights for the film from the Sinclair estate before Anderson took over the project. Anderson wrote the script with Day-Lewis in mind for the role of Plainview. Principal photography began in June 2006 on a ranch in Marfa, Texas, and took three months to complete. Radiohead guitarist Jonny Greenwood composed the score for the film. The film was produced by Ghoulardi Film Company and distributed by Paramount Vantage and Miramax Films.

There Will Be Blood grossed $76.2 million worldwide against its $25 million budget. The film received significant critical praise, with the performance of Day-Lewis as Daniel Plainview receiving widespread acclaim. Other qualities of the film, such as its cinematography, direction, and screenplay, were also lauded and received numerous awards and nominations. It premiered at the Berlin International Film Festival, where it won the Silver Bear Award for Best Director and a Special Artistic Contribution Award for Greenwood's score. It also appeared on many critics' "top ten" lists for the year, notably the American Film Institute, the National Society of Film Critics, the National Board of Review, and the Los Angeles Film Critics Association. Day-Lewis won Oscar, BAFTA, Golden Globe, Screen Actors Guild, NYFCC and IFTA Best Actor awards for his performance, cementing his position as one of the most acclaimed actors of his generation. At the 80th Academy Awards, the film was nominated for eight Oscars (tying with another Paramount Vantage/Miramax co-production No Country for Old Men), including Best Picture and Best Director for Anderson; it won two, Best Actor for Day-Lewis and Best Cinematography for Robert Elswit.There Will Be Blood was among the highest-ranking 21st century films in the British Film Institute's 2012 Sight & Sound polls. It was also named the "Best Film of the 21st Century So Far" in 2017 by The New York Times, and was ranked by the BBC in 2016 as the third-best film of the 21st century.

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