Daniel Akaka

Daniel Kahikina Akaka (/əˈkɑːkə/;[2] September 11, 1924 – April 6, 2018) was an American educator and politician who was a United States Senator from Hawaii from 1990 to 2013.

A member of the Democratic Party, Akaka was the first U.S. Senator of Native Hawaiian ancestry.[3]

Born in Honolulu, he served in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers during World War II. He attended the University of Hawaii, where he received his bachelor's and master's degrees. Originally a high school teacher, Akaka went on to serve as a principal for six years. In 1969, the Department of Education hired him as a chief program planner. In the 1970s, he served in various governmental positions.

Akaka was first elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1976 to represent Hawaii's Second Congressional District, and he served for 13 years. In 1990, he was appointed to the U.S. Senate to succeed the deceased Spark Matsunaga, subsequently winning the special election to complete Matsunaga's term. He would later be re-elected to three full terms. In March 2011, he announced he would not run for re-election in 2012.[4]

After fellow U.S. Senator Daniel Inouye died on December 17, 2012, Akaka became the state's senior senator, and briefly remained so until he left office on January 3, 2013. He was succeeded by fellow Democrat Mazie Hirono.[5]

Daniel Akaka
Daniel Akaka official photo
United States Senator
from Hawaii
In office
May 16, 1990 – January 3, 2013
Preceded bySpark Matsunaga
Succeeded byMazie Hirono
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Hawaii's 2nd district
In office
January 3, 1977 – May 16, 1990
Preceded byPatsy Mink
Succeeded byPatsy Mink
Personal details
Daniel Kahikina Akaka

September 11, 1924
Honolulu, Territory of Hawaii, U.S.
DiedApril 6, 2018 (aged 93)
Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.
Resting placeNational Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Mary Chong
Children5, including Alan
RelativesAbraham Akaka (brother)
EducationUniversity of Hawaii, Manoa (BEd, MEd)
Daniel Akaka's signature
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Army
Years of service1945–1947[1]
RankUS Army WWII CPL.svg Corporal[1]
UnitUnited States Army Corps of Engineers
Battles/warsWorld War II

Early life, education, and teaching career

Senator Daniel Akaka and Millie Akaka
Senator Daniel Akaka and his wife, Millie Akaka

Daniel Kahikina Akaka was born in Honolulu, the son of Annie (née Kahoa) and Kahikina Akaka. His paternal grandfather was born in Swatow, Canton, China during the late Qing Dynasty, and his other grandparents were of Native Hawaiian descent.[6][7] His brother was Rev. Abraham Akaka.[8]

Akaka graduated from Kamehameha Schools in 1942. During World War II he served in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, including service on Saipan and Tinian. He served from 1945 to 1947.[1] He worked as a welder and a mechanic and in 1948 was a first mate on the schooner Morning Star.[9]

Entering college (funded by the G.I. Bill), he earned a bachelor of education in 1952 from the University of Hawaii. He later received a master of education from the same school in 1966. He worked as a high school teacher in Honolulu from 1953 until 1960, when he was then hired as a vice principal. His son Alan Akaka was born in 1956.[10] In 1963, he became head principal.[9]

Early political career

Daniel Akaka as Representative
Akaka in 1977, during his first term in Congress

In 1969, the Department of Health, Education and Welfare hired Akaka as a chief program planner. Akaka then continued working in government, holding positions as director of the Hawaii Office of Economic Opportunity, human resources assistant for state Governor George Ariyoshi, and director of the Progressive Neighborhoods Program.[11][12]

Akaka was first elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1976 to represent Hawaii's 2nd congressional district, comprising all of the state outside the inner ring of Honolulu.[13] He was reelected seven times, all by wide margins.

U.S. Senate

Daniel Akaka at senate youth program
Akaka at Senate youth program


Akaka was appointed by Governor John Waihee to the U.S. Senate in April 1990 to serve temporarily after the death of Senator Spark Matsunaga.[14] In November of the same year, he was elected to complete the remaining four years of Matsunaga's unexpired term, defeating Congresswoman Pat Saiki with 53 percent of the vote. He was re-elected in 1994 for a full six-year term with over 70% of the popular vote. He was reelected almost as easily in 2000.[15]

For the 2006 election, he overcame a strong primary challenge from Congressman Ed Case,[16] then won a third full term with 61 percent of the vote, defeating Cynthia Thielen.[17]


During his tenure, Akaka served as the Chair of the United States Senate Committee on Indian Affairs and the United States Senate Committee on Veterans' Affairs.[17]

In 1996, Akaka successfully sponsored legislation that led to nearly two-dozen Medals of Honor being belatedly awarded to Asian-American soldiers in the 442nd Regimental Combat Team and the 100th Infantry Battalion.[18] He also successfully passed legislation compensating Philippine Scouts who were refused veterans benefits.[18]

From 2000 until his retirement from the Senate in 2013, Akaka sponsored legislation, known as the Akaka Bill, to afford sovereignty to native Hawaiians. In 2005, Akaka acknowledged in an interview with NPR that the Akaka Bill could eventually result in outright independence.[19]

The Akaka Bill has been supported as a means of restoring Hawaiian self-determination lost with the 1893 overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii,[20] and would include giving up the ability to sue for sovereignty in federal courts in exchange for recognition by the federal government (but would not block sovereignty claims made under international law.)[21] The bill has been criticized as discriminating on the basis on ethnic origin in that only Native Hawaiians would be permitted to participate in the governing entity that the bill would establish.[22]

In April 2006, he was selected by Time as one of America's Five Worst Senators. The article criticized him for mainly authoring minor legislation, calling him "master of the minor resolution and the bill that dies in committee".[23]

Akaka voted against authorization of the use of military force against Iraq.[24]

In February 2009, a bill was authored in the Philippine House of Representatives by Rep. Antonio Diaz seeking to confer honorary Filipino citizenship on Akaka, Senators Daniel Inouye and Ted Stevens and Representative Bob Filner, for their role in securing the passage of benefits for Filipino World War II veterans.[25]

On March 2, 2011, Akaka announced he would not be running for re-election in the 2012 U.S. Senate elections.[4] He attended his final session in the Senate on December 12, 2012. He closed his speech with a traditional Hawaiian farewell, "a hui hou" (until we meet again).[26]

Committee assignments

Senator Daniel Akaka and Senator Barack Obama
Akaka with then U.S. Senator Barack Obama in 2005

Caucus memberships

George W. Bush approves Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument
Akaka and President George W. Bush in 2006


Akaka died of organ failure in the early hours of April 6, 2018, at the age of 93.[27] Former president Barack Obama remembered Akaka as "a tireless advocate for working people, veterans, native Hawaiian rights, and the people of Hawaii... He embodied the aloha spirit with compassion and care."[28]

Electoral history

United States Senate special election, 1990: Hawaii
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Daniel Akaka 188,901 53.72
Republican Pat Saiki 155,978 44.35
Libertarian Ken Schoolland 6,788 1.93
Majority 32,923 9.36
Turnout 351,666
United States Senate election, 1994: Hawaii[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Daniel Akaka (inc.) 256,189 71.8%
Republican Maria Hustace 86,320 24.2%
Libertarian Richard Rowland 14,393 4.0%
Democratic hold Swing
United States Senate election, 2000: Hawaii[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Daniel Akaka (inc.) 251,215 77.7%
Republican John Carroll 84,701 24.5%
Natural Law Lauri A. Clegg 4,220 1.2%
Libertarian Lloyd Jeffrey Mallan 3,127 0.9%
Constitution David Porter 2,360 0.7%
United States Senate Democratic primary election, 2006: Hawaii
Candidate Votes[31] Percentage
Daniel Akaka 129,158 54.2%
Ed Case 107,163 45.0%
United States Senate election, 2006: Hawaii
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Daniel Akaka (inc.) 210,330 61.4 -11.5
Republican Cynthia Thielen 126,097 36.8 +12.3
Libertarian Lloyd Mallan 6,415 1.9 +1.0
Majority 84,233 24.6
Turnout 342,842
Democratic hold Swing

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Once a Soldier... Always a Soldier" (PDF). Legislative Agenda. Association of the United States Army. 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 21, 2013. Retrieved January 26, 2013.
  2. ^ AP pronunciation guide
  3. ^ About Senator Akaka Daniel Kahikina Akaka, U.S. Senator of Hawaii Archived May 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b DePledge, Derrick (March 3, 2011). "'The right time'". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
  5. ^ Nick Grube (April 6, 2018). "Former US Sen. Daniel Akaka Dead At 93". Civil Beat. Honolulu, HI.
  6. ^ Genealogy Archived August 26, 2008, at the Wayback Machine from ancestry.com
  7. ^ "NewsLibrary.com - newspaper archive, clipping service - newspapers and other news sources". Nl.newsbank.com. October 5, 2004. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  8. ^ JOHN T. MCQUISTONSEPT. 17, 1997 (September 17, 1997). "Abraham Akaka, 80, Hawaii Clergyman, Dies - The New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  9. ^ a b "Akaka in Congress since 1976 | The Honolulu Advertiser | Hawaii's Newspaper". The Honolulu Advertiser. January 20, 2006. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  10. ^ Ruymar, Lorene (1996). The Hawaiian Steel Guitar and its Great Hawaiian Musicians. Anaheim Hills, California: Centerstream Publishing. p. 82. ISBN 1-57424-021-8.
  11. ^ Brown, Emma. "Daniel K. Akaka, Hawaii senator with 'spirit of aloha,' dies at 93". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  12. ^ The Associated Press. "Daniel Akaka, longtime Hawaii senator, dead at 93". Mercurynews.com. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  13. ^ Killough, Ashley (September 1, 2015). "Former Hawaii Sen. Daniel Akaka dies at 93 - CNNPolitics". Cnn.com. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  14. ^ AP. "Hawaii Congressman Named To Matsunaga's Senate Seat". Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  15. ^ "John Carroll: Faith shaped a winding journey | The Honolulu Advertiser | Hawaii's Newspaper". The Honolulu Advertiser. September 9, 2002. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  16. ^ "Hawaii's Akaka defeats Case for Senate - politics". NBC News. September 24, 2006. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  17. ^ a b "Daniel Akaka, Long-Serving Hawaii Senator, Dead at 93". Rollcall.com. April 6, 2018. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  18. ^ a b Clymer, Adam (April 7, 2018). "Daniel Akaka, Former Democratic Senator From Hawaii, Dies at 93". The New York Times. p. B7. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  19. ^ Kaste, Martin (August 16, 2005). "Native Hawaiians Seek Self Rule". NPR.org. NPR. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
  20. ^ Reyes, B.J. (January 22, 2008). "Obama would sign Akaka Bill as president". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
  21. ^ Carlson, Ragnar (August 19, 2009). "Nationhood". Honolulu Weekly. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
  22. ^ Camire, Dennis (June 9, 2006). "After bill fails, Akaka vows to try again". Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
  23. ^ Calabresi, Massimo; Bacon, Perry Jr. (April 24, 2006). "Daniel Akaka: Master of the Minor". Time Magazine. New York City: Meredith Corporation. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  24. ^ "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Senate.gov. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  25. ^ Salaverria, Leila (February 24, 2009). "4 US solons as honorary Filipinos". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on February 27, 2009. Retrieved March 20, 2009.
  26. ^ "Sen. Daniel Akaka says 'a hui hou' to Congress". KHON-TV. December 12, 2012. Archived from the original on January 27, 2013.
  27. ^ HNN Staff (April 6, 2018). "Former US Sen. Akaka, the 'ambassador of aloha,' dies at 93 - Hawaii News Now - KGMB and KHNL". Hawaii News Now. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  28. ^ HNN Staff (April 6, 2018). "Obama: Akaka loved Hawaii's people (who loved him right back)". Hawaii News Now. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  29. ^ "Office of Elections" (PDF). Hawaii.gov. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  30. ^ "2000 ELECTION STATISTICS". Clerk.house.gov. Retrieved April 6, 2018.
  31. ^ "Primary Election 2006 - State of Hawaii - Statewide" (PDF). Hawaii.gov. Retrieved April 6, 2018.

External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Patsy Mink
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Hawaii's 2nd congressional district

Succeeded by
Patsy Mink
Party political offices
Preceded by
Spark Matsunaga
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Hawaii
(Class 1)

1990, 1994, 2000, 2006
Succeeded by
Mazie Hirono
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Spark Matsunaga
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Hawaii
Served alongside: Dan Inouye, Brian Schatz
Succeeded by
Mazie Hirono
Preceded by
Larry Craig
Chair of the Senate Veterans' Affairs Committee
Succeeded by
Patty Murray
Preceded by
Byron Dorgan
Chair of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee
Succeeded by
Maria Cantwell
1990 United States Senate special election in Hawaii

The 1990 United States Senate special election in Hawaii took place on November 4, 1990. Incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator Daniel Akaka was elected to finish the term ending in 1995. He had been appointed by Governor John Waihee in April 1990 to serve temporarily after the death of Spark Matsunaga.

1994 United States Senate election in Hawaii

The 1994 United States Senate election in Hawaii was held November 8, 1994. Incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator Daniel Akaka won re-election to his first full term.

2000 United States Senate election in Hawaii

The 2000 United States Senate election in Hawaii took place on November 7, 2000. Incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator Daniel Akaka won re-election to his second full term.

2006 United States Senate election in Hawaii

The 2006 United States Senate election in Hawaii was held November 7, 2006. Incumbent Democrat Daniel Akaka won re-election to his third full term.

2012 United States Senate election in Hawaii

The 2012 United States Senate election in Hawaii took place on November 6, 2012, concurrently with the 2012 U.S. presidential election as well as other elections to the United States Senate and House of Representatives and various state and local elections. Incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator Daniel Akaka decided to retire instead of running for re-election to a fourth term. Democratic Congresswoman Mazie Hirono defeated former Hawaii Governor Linda Lingle in a rematch of the 2002 Hawaii gubernatorial election.

Alan Akaka

Alan Akaka (born 1956) is a Hawaiian steel guitarist and educator. The son of former congressman and senator Daniel Akaka, he has taught at several schools and is in charge of the Hawaiian music school Ke Kula Mele. In 2014 he successfully led a petition to prevent the ukulele from being named the official state musical instrument, arguing that the steel guitar was more reflective of Hawaiian tradition.

Apology Resolution

United States Public Law 103-150, informally known as the Apology Resolution, is a Joint Resolution of the U.S. Congress adopted in 1993 that "acknowledges that the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii occurred with the active participation of agents and citizens of the United States and further acknowledges that the Native Hawaiian people never directly relinquished to the United States their claims to their inherent sovereignty as a people over their national lands, either through the Kingdom of Hawaii or through a plebiscite or referendum" (U.S. Public Law 103-150 (107 Stat. 1510)). The resolution has been cited as a major impetus for the Hawaiian sovereignty movement, and has been the subject of intense debate.The resolution was adopted by both houses of the United States Congress on November 23, 1993. A joint resolution, it was signed by President of the United States Bill Clinton on the same day.

The resolution was passed in the Senate by a vote of 65–34. In the House, it was passed by a two-thirds voice vote. It was sponsored on January 21, 1993, as S.J.Res.19 by Daniel Akaka and co-sponsored by Daniel Inouye, both Democratic senators from Hawaii.

Cynthia Thielen

Cynthia Henry Thielen (born September 22, 1933) is a member of the Hawaii House of Representatives representing District 50, the Kailua and Kaneohe Bay areas of Oahu County. She is a Republican and has served in the state House of Representatives since 1990. She served as minority floor leader from 1992 to 1997 and is the current assistant minority leader.

She was the Republican nominee for United States Senate in 2006, challenging incumbent Democrat Daniel Akaka. She lost to Akaka, 62% to 38%, in the general election.

Ed Case

Edward Espenett Case (born September 27, 1952) is an American Democratic politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Hawaii's 1st congressional district, which covers the urban core of Honolulu. He represented the 2nd district, which covers the rest of the state, from 2002 to 2007.

Case, a Blue Dog Democrat, first came to prominence in Hawaii as majority leader of the Hawaii State Legislature and in his 2002 campaign for governor of Hawaii.

First elected to the House of Representatives in 2002 in a special election to fill the seat of Patsy Mink, who died of pneumonia, Case represented Hawaii's 2nd congressional district until 2006, when he unsuccessfully challenged Daniel Akaka in the Democratic primary for the U.S. Senate.

In 2010 Case was one of two Democratic candidates in the special election for Hawaii's 1st congressional district. With the Democratic vote split, Republican Councilman Charles Djou's 39% of the vote earned him the seat. Case ran again in the Democratic primary for the November general election, but suspended his campaign in May. Colleen Hanabusa, Case's fellow Democrat in the special election, went on to win the primary and the general election against Djou. Case again ran for the Senate in 2012 after Daniel Akaka announced his retirement, but lost to Mazie Hirono.In July 2013 Case announced that he was joining Outrigger Enterprises Group and that his political career was "likely" over. In June 2018, Case reversed his decision and announced he would run again in Hawaii's 1st congressional district. Case won the crowded Democratic primary election in August 2018, and went on to win the general election. He took office in January 2019.

Hawaii's 2nd congressional district

Hawaii's 2nd congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Hawaii. The district encompasses all rural and most suburban areas of Oahu/Honolulu County, as well as the entire state outside of Oahu. Besides Honolulu, the district includes the counties of Kauai, Maui, Kalawao and Hawaii ("the Big Island"). The district spans 331 miles. The most populous community entirely within the district is Hilo. Major segments of the economy include tourism, ranching and agriculture, especially pineapple and sugarcane cultivation.

The district is represented by Democrat Tulsi Gabbard.

Joseph Eve, Certified Public Accountants

Wipfli/Joseph Eve, Certified Public Accountants is an American public accounting firm with approximately 70 employees practicing in 28 states. The firm is unique in that it focuses on the specialty niche of tribal accounting, which accounts for about 95% of its business, and holds about 60 of the US 290 Indian Tribes as clients. On October 1, 2017, Joseph Eve merged with Milwaukee-based Wipfli, one of the top 20 accounting and business consulting firms in the United States.The firm has taken part in events such as testimony about online gaming before the United States Senate Committee on Indian Affairs. In particular, Daniel Akaka, United States Senator representing Hawaiʻi, has shown interest in topics such as Indian and Internet Gaming, and has held oversight meetings with Joseph Eve's partner Grant Eve as an expert witness in the oversight hearing on the future of internet gaming and what is at stake for tribes in November 2011. The National Indian Gaming Association's whitepapers on internet gaming is prepared primarily by the firm, and the firm has continued to be involved in Indian gaming accounting technology development and tribal accounting issues, such as the Rosebud Sioux Casino case and state online lottery accounting. In August 2012, Joseph Eve partner Grant Eve and Consultant Ehren Richardson was chosen to speak before the National Indian Gaming Association Subcommittee on Internet gaming, in which he stressed that "Internet Gaming is here"; and pointed out facts such as Facebook UK launching iGaming slots and MGM Resorts launching MyVegas on Facebook.

Linda Lingle

Linda Lingle (née Cutter; June 4, 1953) is an American politician, who was the sixth governor of Hawaii from 2002 until 2010. She was the first Republican governor of Hawaii since 1962. Lingle was also the first female governor of Hawaii and its first Jewish governor. Prior to serving as governor, Lingle served as Maui County mayor, council member, and chair of the Hawaii Republican Party.

During the 2004 Republican National Convention in New York City, Lingle served as chair of the convention during the absence of permanent chair Dennis Hastert from the convention floor. In 2012, she was the Republican nominee for the United States Senate, vying unsuccessfully for an open seat vacated by retiring U.S. Senator Daniel Akaka.In January 2015, Lingle was appointed as a senior adviser to Illinois Governor Bruce Rauner, and left the position in July 2016. She also served on the Governors’ Council of the Bipartisan Policy Center in Washington, D.C. Lingle moved back to Hawaii in the second quarter of 2017 and became a member of Hawaii Pacific University's board of trustees in June 2017.

List of United States Representatives from Hawaii

The following is an alphabetical list of members of the United States House of Representatives from the state of Hawaii. For chronological tables of members of both houses of the United States Congress from the state (through the present day), see United States Congressional Delegations from Hawaii. The list of names should be complete (as of January 3, 2015), but other data may be incomplete. It includes members who have represented both the state and the Territory, both past and present.

List of United States senators from Hawaii

Hawaii was admitted to the Union on August 21, 1959 and elects U.S. senators to Classes 1 and 3. Seven people including only one Republican have served as a U.S. senator from Hawaii. The state's current U.S. senators are Democrats Brian Schatz and Mazie Hirono. Hawaii's Class 1 seat is the only in the United States that has always been held by an ethnic minority.

Mazie Hirono

Mazie Keiko Hirono (; Japanese name: 広野 慶子, Hirono Keiko; born November 3, 1947) is a Japanese-born American politician serving since 2013 as the junior United States Senator from Hawaii. She is a member of the Democratic Party. Hirono served as a member of the Hawaii House of Representatives from 1981 to 1995 and as Hawaii's ninth lieutenant governor from 1994 to 2002, under Ben Cayetano. The Democratic nominee for governor of Hawaii in 2002, Hirono was defeated by Republican Linda Lingle. From 2007 to 2013, she served as a member of the United States House of Representatives for Hawaii's 2nd congressional district.

Hirono is the first elected female senator from Hawaii, the first Asian-American woman elected to the Senate, the first U.S. senator born in Japan, and the nation's first Buddhist senator. She considers herself a non-practicing Buddhist and is often cited with Hank Johnson as the first Buddhist to serve in the United States Congress. She is the third woman to be elected to Congress from Hawaii (after Patsy Mink and Pat Saiki). In 2012, Hirono was the Democratic nominee for the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by the retirement of Daniel Akaka. Hirono won the election, defeating Lingle in landslide, 63% to 37%. She was sworn in on January 3, 2013, by Vice President Joe Biden. Hirono was the only person of Asian ancestry serving in the U.S. Senate from 2013 until 2017, when senators Tammy Duckworth and Kamala Harris were sworn in, representing Illinois and California, respectively. Although Brian Schatz joined the Senate a week before Hirono, following the death of Daniel Inouye, making him Hawaii's senior senator, her six years in the House of Representatives makes her the dean, or longest-serving member overall, of Hawaii's congressional delegation.

Morrnah Simeona

Morrnah Nalamaku Simeona (May 19, 1913 – February 11, 1992) was recognized as a kahuna lapaʻau (healer) in Hawaiʻi and taught her updated version of hoʻoponopono throughout the United States, Asia, and Europe.

Mun Charn Wong

Mun Charn Wong (Chinese: 黃門贊; January 24, 1918 – September 17, 2002) was an American businessman. Wong served in the U.S. Air Force during World War II along with his friend, Wah Kau Kong, the first Chinese American fighter pilot. He played football on the Air Force team and was a noted quarterback. After the war, Wong became a successful life insurance executive for the Transamerica Corporation. In 1989, the company recognized him as a "Legend of Transamerica", the highest honor awarded by the company.

Wong was active in his community, serving as president of several Chinese cultural organizations and on the board of the Cerebral Palsy Association. In his free time, Wong enjoyed playing with celebrity golfers, and his amateur team won the '87 U.S. Open Preview Pro Am golf tournament with the help of Larry Ziegler. Throughout the years, Wong kept Kong's memory alive, publishing an educational booklet, working with U.S. Senator Daniel Akaka to educate the public, participating in a television program about Kong on KHON-TV, and giving interviews to historians. To preserve Kong's memory, Wong helped establish the Wah Kau Kong Memorial Award Scholarship in Aerospace Studies at the University of Hawaii.

Patsy Mink

Patsy Matsu Takemoto Mink (December 6, 1927 – September 28, 2002) was an American lawyer and politician from the U.S. state of Hawaii. Mink was a third generation Japanese American and member of the Democratic Party. She also was the Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs.

Mink served in the U.S. House of Representatives for a total of 12 terms, representing Hawaii's at-large and second congressional districts. While in Congress she was noted for co-authoring the Title IX Amendment of the Higher Education Act.Mink was the first non-white woman and the first Asian American woman elected to Congress. She was also the first woman elected to Congress from the state of Hawaii, and became the first Asian-American to seek the presidential nomination of the Democratic Party in the 1972 election, where she stood in the Oregon primary as an anti-war candidate. From 1978 to 1981, Mink served as the president of Americans for Democratic Action.

United States Senate Committee on Veterans' Affairs

The United States Senate Committee on Veterans' Affairs deals with oversight of United States veterans issues.

Class 1
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Territorial (1899–1959)
One At-large seat (1959–1963)
Two At-large seat (1963–1971)
Districts (1971–present)
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Full Committee
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(Maringal na Kuwintas)
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