Danica concentration camp

The Danica concentration camp was the first concentration and extermination camp established in the Independent State of Croatia during World War II.[1] It was established in Koprivnica (modern-day Croatia) on 15[2] or 20 April 1941[3] in the deserted building of former fertilizer factory "Danica".[4] Mijo Babić participated in preparations for the establishment of Danica concentration camp[5] The first individual inmates were brought to Danica on 18 April 1941 while first groups arrived at the end of April 1941.[6]

The Jews from Zagreb were transported to Danica and Jadovno early in May 1941. Those transported to Danica were all killed by July 1941, while those transported to Jadovno were all killed by August 1941.[7] Already in June 1941 there were 2,000 inmates in Danica, most of them being Serbs followed by Croat communists, Jews and Romani people.[8] The number of inmates reached 5,000 including 500 Jews.[9]

Four hundred gypsies were transported to Danica camp, some of them executed in the camp.[10]

Danica concentration camp
Concentration and extermination camp
Spomen-područje Danica, toranj i muzej
The memorial museum and guard tower of Danica Memorial Area
Coordinates46°9′36″N 16°49′48″E / 46.16000°N 16.83000°ECoordinates: 46°9′36″N 16°49′48″E / 46.16000°N 16.83000°E
LocationKoprivnica, Independent State of Croatia (modern-day Croatia)
Built byMijo Babić, the first commander of all concentration camps in the Independent State of Croatia
Operated byIndependent State of Croatia
Operational15 or 20 April 1941 - 1945
Number of inmates5,000 most of them being Serbs followed by Croat communists, Jews and Romani people
Notable inmates

References

  1. ^ Bulatović 1990, p. 78.
  2. ^ www.utilis.biz, Utilis d.o.o., Zagreb,. "JUSP Jasenovac - CAMPS IN THE INDEPENDENT STATE OF CROATIA". www.jusp-jasenovac.hr. Retrieved 2017-02-04. The first Ustasha concentration camp in the Independent State of Croatia, Danica, was founded on 15 April 1941 near Koprivnica.
  3. ^ Council 1991, p. 12: "April 20: The first concentration camp in Yugoslavia, Danica. near Virovitica, opens; "
  4. ^ Bulatović 1990, p. 70: "... u prostorijama fabrike »Danica«, podignut je 29. aprila 1941. godine prvi ustaški koncentracioni logor."
  5. ^ Goldstein & Goldstein 2001, p. 268.
  6. ^ "Hapšenje 165 jevrejskih omladinaca u Zagrebu u maju 1941. godine | Јадовно 1941". jadovno.com. Retrieved 2017-02-04. U logor „Danica“ prvi pojedinačni logoraši smještaju se 18. travnja, a potkraj mjeseca stižu i veće grupe...
  7. ^ Cymet, David (2012-07-10). History vs. Apologetics: The Holocaust, the Third Reich, and the Catholic Church. Lexington Books. p. 337. ISBN 9780739132951.
  8. ^ Friedman 2010, p. 294.
  9. ^ Council 1991, p. 12: "5,000 prisoners, including 500 Jews, are its first inmates"
  10. ^ Weiss-Wendt, Anton (2013-06-30). The Nazi Genocide of the Roma: Reassessment and Commemoration. Berghahn Books. p. 94. ISBN 9780857458438. Nevertheless, four hundred Gypsies had apparently been deported to the Danica concentration camp in northern Croatia, where a part of them were executed

Sources

Further reading

  • Zdravko Dizdar, “Ljudski gubici logora 'Danica' kraj Koprivnice 1941–1942,” Cˇasopis za suvremenu povijest, vol. 34, no. 2 (2002)
Aleksandar Savić

Aleksandar Savić (born Alel Schwarz; 1923 – 1941) was a young Croatian communist and member of the resistance movement in Croatia, murdered during the Holocaust.

Savić was born in Zagreb to a Jewish family, the son of Miroslav Savić and Ina Juhn-Broda. His father changed the family surname from Schwarz to Savić due to the increasingly intense antisemitism in the 1930s.Savić joined the Young Communist League of Yugoslavia - SKOJ (from Serbo-Croatian: Savez komunističke omladine Jugoslavije) during high school education. Savić was influenced by Beno Stein (a Croatian communist and medical internist, whose apartment was a favorite meeting place for leftist intellectuals) and his mother communist activities. Savić attended the gymnasium in Zagreb, where he led the SKOJ activities and was member of the SKOJ high school leadership in Zagreb.Savić gathered the SKOJ advanced youth and held illegal meetings in his apartment. With the establishment of the Independent State of Croatia in 1941, he joined the resistance movement in Croatia. He participated in the writing of anti-fascist slogans and distribution of leaflets. On 24–25 May 1941, he was arrested with the group of 165 young Jewish men. He was deported to the Danica concentration camp near Koprivnica. Later he was deported to the Jadovno concentration camp where he was killed by Ustaše in July 1941; he was 17 or 18 years old.

Danica

Danica may refer to:

Danica concentration camp, a village in the Independent State of Croatia, where an Ustaše concentration camp existed between 1941–1945

Danica, a personification of the Morning Star in Slavic mythology

Danica, Latin for Danish

Danica (given name), people with the given name

Rice Danica, Canadian sprint kayaker in the late 1990s

Gospić concentration camp

The Gospić concentration camp (Croatian: Koncentracioni logor Gospić) was one of 26 concentration camps in the Independent State of Croatia during World War II, established in Gospić (modern-day Croatia).

Koprivnica

Koprivnica (Croatian pronunciation: [kɔ̝̌priːv̞nit͡sa]) is a city in northern Croatia. It is the capital of the Koprivnica-Križevci county. In 2011, the city's administrative area of 90.94 km² had a total population of 30,854, with 23,955 in the city proper.

Mijo Babić

Marijan Mijo Babić (1903–1941), nicknamed Giovanni, was a deputy of the Croatian fascist dictator (poglavnik (Croatian: poglavni pobočnik)) Ante Pavelić, and the first commander of all concentration camps in the Independent State of Croatia. He was head of the Third Bureau of the Ustasha Surveillance Service (Croatian: Ustaška nadzorna služba—UNS), and was also a member of the Main Ustaše Headquarters, one of the two main deputies of Pavelić.

Rada Vranješević

Rada Vranješević (Serbian Cyrillic: Рада Врањешевић; 25 May 1918 - 26 May 1944) was a Yugoslav political activist and resistance leader in Bosnia during the Second World War.

The Holocaust in the Independent State of Croatia

The Holocaust in the Independent State of Croatia refers primarily to the genocide of Jews, but sometimes also include that of Serbs (the "Genocide of the Serbs") and Romani (Porajmos), during World War II within the Independent State of Croatia, a fascist puppet state ruled by the Ustashe regime, that included most of the territory of modern-day Croatia, the whole of modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina and the eastern part of Syrmia (Serbia). 90% of Croatian Jews were exterminated in Ustashe-run concentration camps like Jasenovac and others, while a considerable number of Jews were rounded up and turned over by the Ustashe for extermination in Nazi Germany.

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