Damoh is a town in the Sagar Division in north-eastern Madhya Pradesh in India. The town is located 250 kilometres (155 mi) east of the state capital, Bhopal. It is the administrative headquarters of Damoh District.
Damoh has a long history, dating back to ancient times. Stone Age tools found in Singrampur Valley are a testimony to the fact that this place was a cradle of human civilization and a human habitat for thousands of years. Around the 5th century, it was part of the empire of Guptas of Pataliputra. Evidence for this are plaques and coins, along with monuments found in the region that belong to the reign of Samudragupta, Chandragupta, and Skandgupta. From the 8th to 12th centuries, some parts of the Damoh district were parts of the Chedi Empire, ruled by the Kalchuri dynasty from Tripuri, the capital.
The temple at Nohta is an example of the Kalchuries in the 10th century. Some regions of the district were under the Chandels of the Jejak-Bhukti. The 14th century heralded the era of Muslim rule. Stone carvings at Salaiya and Batiyagarh mention Khilji and Tuglaq as Sultans. Later on, the Sultan of Malwa annexed the region. In the last quarter of the 15th century, Sangram Shah of the Gond dynasty annexed the region into his empire that consisted of 52 forts.
This was an era of peace and prosperity for the region. In Singrampur, Rani Durgawati attained martyrdom battling against the Mughal Empire, represented by its General Asaf Khan, along with his army. Bundelas entered the region for a brief time span, after which Marathas took over the reins in 1732. He remained the ruler until the British annexed the Marathas kingdom after the death of Peshwa in 1888.
In the struggle for freedom from the British, Damoh kept pace with national devotion. Under the leadership of Thakur Kishore Singh of Hindoria, Raja Devi Singh of Singrampur, Pancham Singh of Karijog, Gangadhar Rao, Raghunath Rao, Mejban Singh, Govind Rao, and some others, it fought against British rule in its rebellion in 1857. According to legends, Damoh's namesake was the Queen of Narvar Rani Damyanti, wife of Raja Nal.
- 304–232 BCE: Prince Ashoka, governor of Avanti, married Devi, the daughter of a trader of Vidisha. The Ashoka's inscriptions found at Sanchi and Rupnath in Jabalpur District.
- 3rd-4th century: Vakatakas originate from Bundelkhand, Vagat region of Tikamgarh District. They had the control until the 4th century.
- 9th century: Kalachuris of Chedi (Dahal) at Tripuri (near Jabalpur) rise
- 9th century: Chandelas of Jejakabhukti rise
- 10th century: Buddhist idols of Bansipur and Kunvarpur.
- 11th century: Nohta temple built.
- 1182: Chauhan King Prithviraj III attacked Mahoba, brave fight put-up by the Banafer brothers Alha and Udal, generals of Chandela Parmardi.
- 12th century: Jain temple built at Gajanan ki Toria.
- 1290-1315: The Khaljis had the regional administrative center of the Chanderi province at Batihadim (Batiagarh) which was transferred to Damova (Damoh). Damoh fort inscription.
- 14th century: Muslim rule inscriptions at Salaiya and Batiyagarh mention Khalji and Tuglaq as Sultans.
- 14th century: Sahanpal Bundela captured Garhkundar from Khangar king.
- 15th century: In Garha-Mandla kingdom. Sangram Shah in the early-mid 16th century
- 1506: Taran-swami of Bilahari founds Taran Panth.
- 1531: Rudra Pratap Singh made Orchha his new capital.
- 16th century: Kurmi Kshatriya immigrants from the Doab arrive in the Gond kingdom.
- 1543: Chandella Kirat Rai's daughter Durgavati married to Gond ruler Dalpat-Shah of Garh Mandla.
- 1569: Durgavati killed in battle with Asaf Khan.
- Early 17th century: Delhi returned half of the territory to the management of the Garha-Mandla Rajas.
- 1649-1731: Bundelkhand Kesri Maharaja Chhatrasal.
- 1660: Sagar city founded.
- 1700: Kundalpur temple repaired with support from Chhatrasal.
- 1731: Some of the region given to Marathas, as part heirs of Chharasal.
- 1735: Maratha governor of Sagar.
- 1757: Bahoranji, a dealer in precious stones, had a 13th-century Jain temple renovated at Damoh and a pratishta conducted to earn the title Singhai.
- 1780: The governors of Saugor, known as the Maratha Pandits, did annex Gond kingdom.
- 1781: Jabalpur was selected as Maratha headquarters.
- ?:Jageshwar Mahadev Shivalinga found, temple built.
- 1798: The peshwa granted the Nerbudda valley to the Bhonsle princes of Nagpur.
- 1818: During the Governor-Generalship of Lord Hastings the rule of Sagar passed into the hands of the British.
- 1854: as the Maratha kingdom lapsed to the British for lack of a recognized legitimate heir.
- 1857: The 42 NI and 3rd Irregular Cavalry stationed at Saugor rebelled on 1 July. 52 NI at Jabalpur rebelled on 28 September.
- At Jabalpur the Gond Raja family, who were the last surviving descendants of the Garha-Mandla dynasty, prepared to revolt against the British. Their plans were discovered and both' the father, Shankar Shah, and his son, Raghunath Shah, were blown from guns.
- Raja Kishore Singh Lodhi of Hindoria, Raja Devi Singh of Singrampur, Pancham Singh of Karijog, and others fought against the British rule in its rebellion in 1857.
- Sir Hugh Rose assumed the command of the Central India Field Force on 17 December 1857. Finished in May 1858.
In 1861, Damoh was constituted as part of Central Provinces under the British Empire in India and was demarcated as a separate district. By the year 1867, Damoh was constituted as a municipality with a population of about 2,62,600. The town was situated on the railway lines completed between Jabalpur and Allahabad also in 1867.
In the period 1896-1897 and again in 1900, Damoh suffered severely from famine. By 1899 the India Midland Railway had completed the construction of Sagar-Damoh link and Damoh-Katni link. The famous Hindi writer and distinguished freedom fighter Seth Govind Das jailed in Damoh in 1923, while in jail he penned famous Hindi plays such as s ‘Prakash’, ‘Kartavya’, ‘Navras’ and ‘Spardha’.
In 1929, Acharya Shantisagar visited Damoh after returning from Kundalpur. He then left for Orsa and Bansa. That was the first visit by a Digambar Muni to Damoh after several centuries.
In 1933, Mahatma Gandhi visited Damoh. On 18 July 1946 Sagar University was established as the region's primary center for higher education.
In 1947, with India's independence from British Raj, the Central Provinces were reorganized as the state of Madhya Pradesh. The quaint town of Damoh had its first-degree college established in 1961 by Shiksha Prasar Samiti, a volunteer organization.
Damoh's population was recorded as 8,98,125 in 1991 Census of India. The figure reached 10,81,009 by 2001.
Damoh is located at 23°53′N 79°27′E / 23.88°N 79.45°E. It is at an average elevation of 595 metres (1952 feet).
As of 2001 India census, Damoh had a population of 112,160. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Damoh has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 89% and, female literacy is 66%. In Damoh, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. The Member of Legislative Assembly from Damoh is Shri Jayant Malaiya Ji.
The town has a significant cattle-market and a number of small industries such as weaving, dyeing and pottery-making. The district of Damoh has an area of 7,306 km2. Except on the south and east, where the offshoots from the surrounding hills and patches of jungle break up the countryside, the district consists of open plains of varying degrees of fertility, interspersed with low ranges and isolated heights with the richest tracts in the center.
Damoh is well connected by road to Bhopal, Jabalpur, and Chhatarpur. Damoh to Bangaon, Patouha, and Hatta.
Damoh Railway Station (Station Code:DMO) is the only railway station in the city. It serves a few trains for Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur, Amritsar, Harda, and Howrah, situated between Katni and Bina Junction.
- St.John's Senior Secondary School
- Nav Jagrati Hr. Sec. School
- Maharishi Vidya Mandir School
- Mission Mp Board School
- JPB Girls High Sec. School
- Saraswati Shishu mandir
- Ojaswini School
- Gyanodaya School
- Navodaya School
- MLB Girls School
- Govt. Excellence school
- Jain High School
- Dr. Agrawal School
- Sophia School
- St.norbert school
- Delhi Public School
- Shining Star kids play School
- Wonder Play Kids School
- Ramkumar higher sec. School
- Aadarsh primary School
- Shri guru Nanak School
- Kendriya Vidyalaya Damoh
- Manganj school
- Maharana Pratap H.S. school
Places of interest
- Kundalpur (35 km)
- Bandakpur Shiv Mandir.
- Hanuman mandir (Bhaursa) ,it is a small village of damoh distric it's 18 km from damoh
- Puratatva Sangrahalaya.
- Nauradehi Wildlife Sanctuary.
- Rajnagar Fort.
- Jain Temples of Chandi Choupra, Nohta & Sukha near Patharia
- ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
- ^ "History | Damoh - A District of Madhya Pradesh - A City of Grace and Affection". www.damoh.nic.in. Retrieved 2018-06-29.
- ^ Charitra Chakravarti, Divakar, Sumeruchandra, 1953, Shanti Prakashan Sivni, p. 257-258
- ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Damoh
- ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
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