Daman and Diu

Daman and Diu /dəˈmɑːn ... ˈdiːuː/ (locally , Portuguese: Damão e Diu) is a union territory in western India. With an area of 112 km2, it is the smallest federal division of India on the mainland. The territory comprises two distinct regions—Daman and Diu—that are geographically separated by the Gulf of Khambhat. The state of Gujarat and the Arabian Sea border the territory. A Portuguese colony since the 1500s, the territories were annexed by India in 1961. It was ruled by Kolis.[3][4]

Daman and Diu
Devka Beach in Daman
Devka Beach in Daman
Official logo of Daman and Diu

Seal of Daman and Diu
IN-DD
Coordinates: 20°25′N 72°50′E / 20.42°N 72.83°ECoordinates: 20°25′N 72°50′E / 20.42°N 72.83°E
Country India
Established30 May 1987
CapitalDaman
Government
 • Member of ParliamentLalubhai Patel
 • AdministratorPraful Khoda Patel
 • Advisor to Administrator, Daman & DiuS. S. Yadav, IAS
 • High CourtBombay High Court
Area
 • Total112 km2 (43 sq mi)
Area rank35th
Population
 (2011)
 • Total242,911
 • Rank6th (among union territories)
 • Density2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)
Languages[1]
 • OfficialGujarati, Hindi[2]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-DD
No. of districts2
HDIIncrease 0.754 (2005)
HDI Categoryhigh
Sex ratio1.61 /
Websitewww.daman.nic.in

History

Eglise St Paul
St. Paul's Church in Diu

For over 450 years, the coastal enclaves of Daman (Portuguese: Damão) and Diu on the Arabian Sea coast were part of Portuguese India, along with Goa and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Goa, Daman and Diu were incorporated into the Republic of India on December 19, 1961, by military conquest. Portugal did not recognise the Indian annexation of these territories until the Carnation Revolution of 1974.

The territory of Goa, Daman and Diu was administered as a single union territory until 1987, when Goa was granted statehood, leaving Daman and Diu as a separate union territory. Each enclave constitutes one of the union territory's two districts. Daman and Diu are approximately 650 kilometres away from each other by road.

Demographics

Literacy

According to the 2011 census, Daman and Diu has a literacy rate of 87.1%, higher than the national average of 74.04%.[5] Male and female literacy rates are 91.5 and 79.5 percent respectively.

Literacy rates in Daman and Diu
Male
91.5%
Female
79.5%
Total
87.1%

Sex ratio

According to the 2011 census, the lowest female-to-male ratio in India (618 females per thousand males) was recorded in Daman and Diu.[6] The Daman district, with a female-to-male ratio of .533, is among the lowest of all the districts.

Religion

Hinduism is by far the most common religion in Daman and Diu. Muslims are the second-largest religious group in the territory, followed by Christians.

The Catholic Christians of Daman and Diu are pastorally served by the Metropolitan Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Goa and Daman, which has its see in Goa, the primatial see of India.

Languages

Languages of Daman and Diu (2011)[8]

  Gujarati (50.83%)
  Hindi (36.31%)
  Marathi (4.53%)
  Bengali (2.15%)
  Odia (1.82%)
  Nepali (0.58%)
  Malayalam (0.51%)
  Assamese (0.49%)
  Others (2.78%)

Gujarati is the mother tongue of most of the territory’s population, as they belong to the Gujarati-speaking Damaniya sub-caste. Along with Gujarati, Hindi and English are also widely used. Daman and Diu were once part of a combined union territory along with Goa (a Konkani-speaking region), before Goa became a state in 1987.

The use of Portuguese, which was the territory’s official language during the colonial period, is in decline and relegated to home use. It is also used as a liturgical language by the territory’s Catholics. Standard Portuguese exists in a post-creole continuum while Daman and Diu Portuguese is spoken by about 10,000–12,000 people in Daman.

The languages taught in schools in Daman and Diu under the three-language formula are:[9]

First language: Gujarati
Second language: Hindi
Third language: English

Administration

Diu Beach
Diu Beach

According to the Constitution of India, Administration of Daman and Diu is carried out by an Administrator, appointed by the President of India as an agent of the President, not a head of state/government or a governor. Previously, this post was held by Shri B. S. Bhalla, IAS officer (1990 batch). He was assisted by a number of other officers in carrying out his duty. Currently, this post is held by Praful Khoda Patel.

Districts

Economy

The state's domestic product for Daman and Diu in 2005 was estimated at 156 million US dollars at current prices.

Education

In Daman, the most popular schools are Institute of Our Lady of Fátima located in Moti Daman, Coast Guard Public School in Nani Daman, Sarvajanik Vidyalaya in Nani Daman, Shri Macchi Mahajan High School in Nani Daman, and other government institutions. There is also a college named Government College, Daman which has most of the educational facilities. Diu College is also another degree college in Diu.

Transportation

Diu Airport Terminal
Diu Airport Terminal

Daman and Diu are connected by roads, and are 12 km from Vapi, 125 km from Surat, and 195 km from Mumbai. Vapi railway station on the Western Railway is the station nearest to Daman, and connects to all major cities. Diu Airport has commercial air services, while Daman Airport has an Indian Navy air base.

An island located near Una (located in Junagarh District in the state of Gujarat), Diu is quite close to Delwada Railway Station (9 km). If you want to visit Diu, direct trains from Ahmedabad commute to Veraval which is at a distance of 90 km from Diu.[11][12]

Media and communications

Print media

Gujarati:

English:

Marathi:

Hindi:

Telecommunications

Tourism

Daman and Diu house various buildings and monuments with Portuguese-styled architecture.

The nearest railway junction is Veraval, which is 90 km from Diu. Major cities like Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Pune, Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh), Dwarka and Thiruvananthapuram are directly connected to Veraval Railway Station. Delwada is 8 km from Diu.

  • Jain Temple: This 18th-century temple is situated in northern region of Nani Daman Fort and is dedicated to Mahavir Swami. The temple is built with white marble and has beautiful carvings. The walls have an elegant glass cover with 18th-century murals that represents the life of Mahavir Swami.[13]
  • Nani Daman Fort
  • Diu Fort
  • Fort of Moti Daman
  • St. Thomas Church
  • Nadia Caves
  • St. Paul's Church
  • Tower of Silence
  • Daman Freedom Memorial
  • Fortim do Mar
  • Portuguese Fort
  • Se Cathedral
Beaches
  • Nagoa Beach is in Diu.
  • Ghoghla Beach is the largest beach on the island of Diu.
  • Chakratirth Beach is in Diu.
  • Gomtimata Beach is in Diu.
  • Jallandhar Beach has a shrine. The beach is named after Jallandhar, a mythological demon who was said to have been killed by Lord Krishna.[14]
Daman NaniDaman Fort Entrance

Nani Daman Fort Entrance

Daman 01012012 217

Jampore Beach in Daman

Jain Temple, Daman (2012)

Jain Temple, Daman

Diu Fort Fixed Cannons

Diu Fort Fixed Cannons

Eglise St Thomas

St. Thomas Church, Diu

Diu fort, India

Diu fort

Nadia Caves of Diu

Nadia Caves of Diu

PERSPECTIVE VIEW OF ST.PAUL CHURCH, DIU, INDIA (2012)

St. Paul's Church, Diu

Tower of Silence

Tower of Silence

Sunset at Devka beach, daman

Sunset at Devka Beach, Daman

Church in Nani Daman Fort

Church in Nani Daman Fort

Church of Bom Jesus in Daman

Church of Bom Jesus, Daman

Daman Freedom Memorial

Daman Freedom Memorial

Altar of Se Cathedral

Se Cathedral

View of Water Fort Prison from Diu Fort with watch tower of Diu Fort

View of Water Fort Prison from Diu Fort with watchtower of Diu Fort

Pani Kotha

Fortim do Mar

Wall of the Portuguese Fort of Diu

Portuguese Fort

Harbour View from Moti Daman Fort

Harbour view from Moti Daman Fort

Sister cities

Daman is a twin town of the city of Coimbra, Portugal.[15] Diu Island is twinned with the city of Loures, also in Portugal.[16]

See also

References

  1. ^ "50th Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). 16 July 2014. p. 109. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  2. ^ "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. p. 113. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
  3. ^ Ward (1998). Gujarat–Daman–Diu: A Travel Guide. Orient Longman Limited. ISBN 9788125013839.
  4. ^ Singh, K. S.; Solanki, B. R.; Sinha, N. K.; Pereira, Jaime F. (1994). Daman and Diu. Popular Prakashan. ISBN 9788171547616.
  5. ^ census 2011
  6. ^ "Ranking of States and Union territories by population size : 1991 and 2001" (PDF). Government of India (2001). Census of India. pp. 5–6. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 January 2014. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
  7. ^ "Daman and Diu". Archived from the original on 21 June 2018. Retrieved 4 July 2018.
  8. ^ "Language – India, States and Union Territories" (PDF). Census of India 2011. Office of the Registrar General. pp. 13–14. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 November 2018. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  9. ^ "51st REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. 15 July 2015. p. 125. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 February 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  10. ^ "Census Population" (PDF). Census of India. Ministry of Finance India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 December 2008. Retrieved 18 December 2008.
  11. ^ "About Daman". U.T. Administration of Daman & Diu. Archived from the original on 21 August 2018.
  12. ^ "HOW TO REACH DIU". MakeMyTrip. Archived from the original on 21 August 2018.
  13. ^ "Jain Temple Daman | Jain Temple in Daman Gujarat India | Religious Places of Daman | Religious Places of Gujarat | Nri Gujarati Tourism Places Jain Temple Daman". nrigujarati.co.in. Archived from the original on 16 September 2016. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  14. ^ "Jallandhar Beach, Diu". www.nativeplanet.com. Archived from the original on 11 June 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  15. ^ "Damão, Índia". coimbra.pt (in Portuguese). Coimbra, Portugual: Câmara Municipal de Coimbra. 2014. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  16. ^ "Município – Cooperação externa – Diu". cm-loures.pt (in Portuguese). Loures, Portugual: Câmara Municipal de Loures. 2014. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2014.

External links

Daman, Daman and Diu

Daman () is the capital city of the Indian union territory of Daman and Diu. It is a municipal council situated in Daman district of the union territory.

Daman is divided by the Daman Ganga River into two parts — Nani-daman (nani meaning "small") and Moti-daman (moti meaning "big"). Despite its name, Nani-daman is the larger of the two parts, while the old city is mainly in Moti-Daman. The downtown area holds most of the important entities like the major hospitals, supermarkets and major residential areas.

Daman Airport

Daman Airport (IATA: NMB, ICAO: VADN) is a military airbase at Daman in the Union Territory of Daman and Diu, India. It is home to the Indian Coast Guard Air Station, Daman which provides ATC and parking facilities to Defence as well as civilian aircraft.

Daman and Diu Police

The Daman and Diu Police is the law enforcement agency for the Union Territory of Daman and Diu in India.

Daman and Diu Portuguese creole

The Daman and Diu Portuguese Creole, also known as Daman and Diu Indo-Portuguese and, to its speakers, as Língua da Casa (Portuguese for "Home language"), is a Portuguese-based creole spoken in Daman and Diu. Before the Indian annexation of the territory, the Daman creole went through a profound decreolization by Standard Portuguese of Goa, a phenomenon whereby the Indo-Portuguese creole reconverged with Standard Portuguese.

Diu, India

Diu is a town in Diu district in the union territory of Daman and Diu, India. Diu District is the tenth least populated district of India.

The town of Diu lies at the eastern end of Diu Island and is known for its fortress and old Portuguese cathedral. It is a fishing town.

The city is one of the hundred Indian cities competing in a national level competition to get the funds under Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission. Diu will be competing for the one of last 10 spots against 20 cities from across India.

Diu Airport

Diu Airport (IATA: DIU) is a civilian aerodrome located at Diu in the Union Territory of Daman and Diu, India. Besides Diu, it also serves the neighbouring areas of Gujarat, including Veraval and Jafrabad.

Goa, Daman and Diu

Goa, Daman, and Diu was a union territory of India from 19 December 1961 to 30 May 1987. The union territory comprised the present-day state of Goa and the two small coastal enclaves of Daman and Diu on the coast of Gujarat. The territory, along with Dadra and Nagar Haveli, comprised Portuguese India. The territory was incorporated into India after the Annexation of Portuguese India in 1961.

Administratively the territory was divided into three districts, Goa, Daman, and Diu, with the capital at Panjim. In 1987 Goa was granted statehood, and Daman and Diu was made a separate union territory.

List of Administrators of Daman and Diu

The Union Territory of Daman and Diu has shared its administrator with Dadra and Nagar Haveli since its inception on 30 May 1987.

List of chief ministers of Goa

The Chief Minister of Goa is chief executive of the Indian state of Goa. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Goa Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.After the 1961 Indian annexation of Goa, the former Portuguese colony became part of the Goa, Daman and Diu union territory. In 1987 Goa achieved full statehood, while Daman and Diu became a separate union territory. Since 1963, thirteen people have served as the Chief Minister of Goa, Daman and Diu union territory and of Goa state. The first was Dayanand Bandodkar of the Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party, who was succeeded by his daughter Shashikala Kakodkar, Goa's only woman chief minister. Pratapsingh Rane of the Indian National Congress, during whose reign Goa had achieved statehood, is the longest-serving officeholder, with over 15 years across four discontinuous stints.

The current incumbent is Pramod Sawant of the Bharatiya Janata Party, who was sworn in on 19 March 2019 after the death of Manohar Parrikar on 17 March 2019.

National Highway 251 (India)

National Highway 251, commonly called NH 251 is a national highway in India. It is a spur road of National Highway 51. NH-251 traverses the states of Gujarat and Daman and Diu in India.

National Highway 848B (India)

National Highway 848B, commonly called NH 848B is a national highway in India. It is a spur road of National Highway 48. NH-848B traverses the states of Gujarat and Daman and Diu in India.

Population growth 
CensusPop.
195149,000
196137,000-24.5%
197163,00070.3%
198179,00025.4%
1991102,00029.1%
2001158,00054.9%
Source:Census of India[10]
Places adjacent to Daman and Diu
Union Territory of Daman and Diu
Capital
Districts
Major towns
History
Languages
States
Union Territories

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