Daman and Diu /dəˈmɑːn ... ˈdiːuː/ (locally (help·info), Portuguese: Damão e Diu) is a union territory in western India. With an area of 112 km2, it is the smallest federal division of India on the mainland. The territory comprises two distinct regions—Daman and Diu—that are geographically separated by the Gulf of Khambhat. The state of Gujarat and the Arabian Sea border the territory. A Portuguese colony since the 1500s, the territories were annexed by India in 1961. It was ruled by Kolis.
Daman and Diu
Devka Beach in Daman
Seal of Daman and Diu
|Established||30 May 1987|
|• Member of Parliament||Lalubhai Patel|
|• Administrator||Praful Khoda Patel|
|• Advisor to Administrator, Daman & Diu||S. S. Yadav, IAS|
|• High Court||Bombay High Court|
|• Total||112 km2 (43 sq mi)|
|• Rank||6th (among union territories)|
|• Density||2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)|
|• Official||Gujarati, Hindi|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-DD|
|No. of districts||2|
|Sex ratio||1.61 ♂/♀|
For over 450 years, the coastal enclaves of Daman (Portuguese: Damão) and Diu on the Arabian Sea coast were part of Portuguese India, along with Goa and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Goa, Daman and Diu were incorporated into the Republic of India on December 19, 1961, by military conquest. Portugal did not recognise the Indian annexation of these territories until the Carnation Revolution of 1974.
The territory of Goa, Daman and Diu was administered as a single union territory until 1987, when Goa was granted statehood, leaving Daman and Diu as a separate union territory. Each enclave constitutes one of the union territory's two districts. Daman and Diu are approximately 650 kilometres away from each other by road.
According to the 2011 census, Daman and Diu has a literacy rate of 87.1%, higher than the national average of 74.04%. Male and female literacy rates are 91.5 and 79.5 percent respectively.
According to the 2011 census, the lowest female-to-male ratio in India (618 females per thousand males) was recorded in Daman and Diu. The Daman district, with a female-to-male ratio of .533, is among the lowest of all the districts.
Hinduism is by far the most common religion in Daman and Diu. Muslims are the second-largest religious group in the territory, followed by Christians.
Gujarati is the mother tongue of most of the territory’s population, as they belong to the Gujarati-speaking Damaniya sub-caste. Along with Gujarati, Hindi and English are also widely used. Daman and Diu were once part of a combined union territory along with Goa (a Konkani-speaking region), before Goa became a state in 1987.
The use of Portuguese, which was the territory’s official language during the colonial period, is in decline and relegated to home use. It is also used as a liturgical language by the territory’s Catholics. Standard Portuguese exists in a post-creole continuum while Daman and Diu Portuguese is spoken by about 10,000–12,000 people in Daman.
First language: Gujarati
Second language: Hindi
Third language: English
According to the Constitution of India, Administration of Daman and Diu is carried out by an Administrator, appointed by the President of India as an agent of the President, not a head of state/government or a governor. Previously, this post was held by Shri B. S. Bhalla, IAS officer (1990 batch). He was assisted by a number of other officers in carrying out his duty. Currently, this post is held by Praful Khoda Patel.
The state's domestic product for Daman and Diu in 2005 was estimated at 156 million US dollars at current prices.
In Daman, the most popular schools are Institute of Our Lady of Fátima located in Moti Daman, Coast Guard Public School in Nani Daman, Sarvajanik Vidyalaya in Nani Daman, Shri Macchi Mahajan High School in Nani Daman, and other government institutions. There is also a college named Government College, Daman which has most of the educational facilities. Diu College is also another degree college in Diu.
Daman and Diu are connected by roads, and are 12 km from Vapi, 125 km from Surat, and 195 km from Mumbai. Vapi railway station on the Western Railway is the station nearest to Daman, and connects to all major cities. Diu Airport has commercial air services, while Daman Airport has an Indian Navy air base.
An island located near Una (located in Junagarh District in the state of Gujarat), Diu is quite close to Delwada Railway Station (9 km). If you want to visit Diu, direct trains from Ahmedabad commute to Veraval which is at a distance of 90 km from Diu.
Daman and Diu house various buildings and monuments with Portuguese-styled architecture.
The nearest railway junction is Veraval, which is 90 km from Diu. Major cities like Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Pune, Jabalpur (Madhya Pradesh), Dwarka and Thiruvananthapuram are directly connected to Veraval Railway Station. Delwada is 8 km from Diu.
Daman () is the capital city of the Indian union territory of Daman and Diu. It is a municipal council situated in Daman district of the union territory.
Daman is divided by the Daman Ganga River into two parts — Nani-daman (nani meaning "small") and Moti-daman (moti meaning "big"). Despite its name, Nani-daman is the larger of the two parts, while the old city is mainly in Moti-Daman. The downtown area holds most of the important entities like the major hospitals, supermarkets and major residential areas.Daman Airport
Daman Airport (IATA: NMB, ICAO: VADN) is a military airbase at Daman in the Union Territory of Daman and Diu, India. It is home to the Indian Coast Guard Air Station, Daman which provides ATC and parking facilities to Defence as well as civilian aircraft.Daman and Diu Police
The Daman and Diu Police is the law enforcement agency for the Union Territory of Daman and Diu in India.Daman and Diu Portuguese creole
The Daman and Diu Portuguese Creole, also known as Daman and Diu Indo-Portuguese and, to its speakers, as Língua da Casa (Portuguese for "Home language"), is a Portuguese-based creole spoken in Daman and Diu. Before the Indian annexation of the territory, the Daman creole went through a profound decreolization by Standard Portuguese of Goa, a phenomenon whereby the Indo-Portuguese creole reconverged with Standard Portuguese.Diu, India
Diu is a town in Diu district in the union territory of Daman and Diu, India. Diu District is the tenth least populated district of India.
The town of Diu lies at the eastern end of Diu Island and is known for its fortress and old Portuguese cathedral. It is a fishing town.
The city is one of the hundred Indian cities competing in a national level competition to get the funds under Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission. Diu will be competing for the one of last 10 spots against 20 cities from across India.Diu Airport
Diu Airport (IATA: DIU) is a civilian aerodrome located at Diu in the Union Territory of Daman and Diu, India. Besides Diu, it also serves the neighbouring areas of Gujarat, including Veraval and Jafrabad.Goa, Daman and Diu
Goa, Daman, and Diu was a union territory of India from 19 December 1961 to 30 May 1987. The union territory comprised the present-day state of Goa and the two small coastal enclaves of Daman and Diu on the coast of Gujarat. The territory, along with Dadra and Nagar Haveli, comprised Portuguese India. The territory was incorporated into India after the Annexation of Portuguese India in 1961.
Administratively the territory was divided into three districts, Goa, Daman, and Diu, with the capital at Panjim. In 1987 Goa was granted statehood, and Daman and Diu was made a separate union territory.List of Administrators of Daman and Diu
The Union Territory of Daman and Diu has shared its administrator with Dadra and Nagar Haveli since its inception on 30 May 1987.List of chief ministers of Goa
The Chief Minister of Goa is chief executive of the Indian state of Goa. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Goa Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.After the 1961 Indian annexation of Goa, the former Portuguese colony became part of the Goa, Daman and Diu union territory. In 1987 Goa achieved full statehood, while Daman and Diu became a separate union territory. Since 1963, thirteen people have served as the Chief Minister of Goa, Daman and Diu union territory and of Goa state. The first was Dayanand Bandodkar of the Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party, who was succeeded by his daughter Shashikala Kakodkar, Goa's only woman chief minister. Pratapsingh Rane of the Indian National Congress, during whose reign Goa had achieved statehood, is the longest-serving officeholder, with over 15 years across four discontinuous stints.
The current incumbent is Pramod Sawant of the Bharatiya Janata Party, who was sworn in on 19 March 2019 after the death of Manohar Parrikar on 17 March 2019.National Highway 251 (India)
National Highway 251, commonly called NH 251 is a national highway in India. It is a spur road of National Highway 51. NH-251 traverses the states of Gujarat and Daman and Diu in India.National Highway 848B (India)
National Highway 848B, commonly called NH 848B is a national highway in India. It is a spur road of National Highway 48. NH-848B traverses the states of Gujarat and Daman and Diu in India.
|Source:Census of India|
Places adjacent to Daman and Diu
Union Territory of Daman and Diu