Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (IATA: DFW, ICAO: KDFW, FAA LID: DFW) is the primary international airport serving the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex area in the U.S. state of Texas.

It is the largest hub for American Airlines, which is headquartered near the airport. It is the fourth busiest airport in the world by aircraft movements and the fourteenth busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic in 2017.[2] It is the ninth busiest international gateway in the United States and second busiest in Texas.[4] With nearly 900 daily flights, American Airlines at DFW is the second largest airline hub in the world and the United States, behind Delta's Atlanta hub.

Located roughly halfway between the major cities of Dallas and Fort Worth, DFW spills across portions of Dallas and Tarrant counties, and includes portions of the cities of Irving, Euless, Grapevine and Coppell.[5] At 17,207 acres (6,963 hectares; 27 square miles), DFW is larger than the island of Manhattan, and is the second largest airport by land area in the United States, after Denver International Airport.[6] It has its own post office ZIP code, 75261, and United States Postal Service city designation ("DFW Airport, TX"), as well as its own police, fire protection and emergency medical services.[7] The members of the airport's board of directors are appointed by the "owner cities" of Dallas and Fort Worth, with a non-voting member chosen from the airport's four neighboring cities on a rotating basis.

As of April 2019, DFW Airport has service to 249 destinations, including 62 international and 187 domestic destinations within the U.S.[8] In surpassing 200 destinations, DFW joined a small group of airports worldwide with that distinction.[9]

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport
Dfw internat airport logo
Dallas - Fort Worth International Airport
Airport typePublic
OwnerCities of Dallas and Fort Worth
OperatorDFW Airport Board
ServesDallas–Fort Worth metroplex
LocationDallas/Tarrant county line
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL607 ft / 185 m
Coordinates32°53′49″N 097°02′17″W / 32.89694°N 97.03806°WCoordinates: 32°53′49″N 097°02′17″W / 32.89694°N 97.03806°W
FAA airport diagram

FAA airport diagram
DFW is located in Texas
Location within Texas
Direction Length Surface
ft m
13L/31R 9,000 2,743 Concrete
13R/31L 9,301 2,834 Concrete
17C/35C 13,401 4,085 Concrete
17L/35R 8,500 2,590 Concrete
17R/35L 13,401 4,085 Concrete
18L/36R 13,400 4,085 Concrete
18R/36L 13,400 4,085 Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Aircraft operations667,213
Economic impact (2016)$37 billion[1]
Sources: Airports Council International,[2] Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport[3]



As early as 1927, before the area had an airport, Dallas proposed a joint airport with Fort Worth. Fort Worth declined the offer and thus each city opened its own airport, Love Field and Meacham Field, each of which had scheduled airline service.

In 1940 the Civil Aeronautics Administration earmarked $1.9 million for the construction of a Dallas/Fort Worth Regional Airport. American Airlines and Braniff Airways struck a deal with the city of Arlington to build an airport there, but the governments of Dallas and Fort Worth disagreed over its construction and the project was abandoned in 1942. After World War II, Fort Worth annexed the site and developed it into Amon Carter Field[10] with the help of American Airlines. In 1953 Fort Worth transferred its commercial flights from Meacham Field to the new airport, which was 12 miles (19 km) from Dallas Love Field. In 1960 Fort Worth purchased Amon Carter Field and renamed it Greater Southwest International Airport GSW in an attempt to compete with Dallas' airport, but GSW's traffic continued to decline relative to Dallas Love Field. By the mid-1960s Fort Worth was getting 1% of Texas air traffic while Dallas was getting 49%, which led to the virtual abandonment of GSW.

The joint airport proposal was revisited in 1961 after the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) refused to invest more money in separate Dallas and Fort Worth airports. Although the Fort Worth airport was eventually abandoned, Dallas Love Field became congested and had no more room to expand. Following an order from the federal government in 1964 that it would unilaterally choose a site if the cities could not come to an agreement, officials from the two cities finally agreed on a location for a new regional airport that was north of the abandoned GSW and almost equidistant from the two city centers. The land was purchased by the cities in 1966 and construction began in 1969.

Voters went to the polls in cities throughout the Dallas/Ft Worth area to approve the new North Texas Regional Airport, which was named after the North Texas Commission that was instrumental in the regional airport coming to fruition. The North Texas Commission formed the North Texas Airport Commission to oversee the planning and construction of the giant airport. Area voters approved the airport referendum and the new North Texas Regional Airport would become a reality.[11]

Under the original 1967 airport design, DFW was to have pier-shaped terminals perpendicular to a central highway. In 1968, the design was revised to provide for semicircular terminals, which served to isolate loading and unloading areas from the central highway, and to provide additional room for parking in the middle of each semicircle.[12] The plan proposed thirteen such terminals, but only four were built initially.[13][14]

Opening and operations

DFW held an open house and dedication ceremony on September 20–23, 1973, which included the first landing of a supersonic Concorde in the United States, an Air France aircraft en route from Caracas to Paris.[12] The attendees at the airport's dedication included former Texas Governor John Connally, Transportation Secretary Claude Brinegar, U.S. Senator Lloyd Bentsen and Texas Governor Dolph Briscoe.[15] The airport opened for commercial service as Dallas/Fort Worth Regional Airport on January 13, 1974, at a cost of $700 million. The first flight to land was American Airlines Flight 341 from New York, which had stopped in Memphis and Little Rock.[16] The name change to Dallas/Fort Worth International did not occur until 1985.

When it opened, DFW had four terminals, numbered 2W, 2E, 3E and 4E.[13] During its first year of operations, the airport was served by American Airlines, Braniff International Airways, Continental Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Eastern Air Lines, Frontier Airlines, Ozark Air Lines, Rio Airways and Texas International Airlines.[17] The Wright Amendment of 1979 banned long distance flights into Love Field,[18] leaving Southwest Airlines as Love Field's only jet airline and operating solely as an intrastate air carrier in the state of Texas.[19]

Braniff International Airways was a major operator at DFW in the airport's early years, operating a hub from Terminal 2W with international flights to South America and Mexico from 1974, London from 1978 and Europe and Asia from 1979, before ceasing all operations in 1982.[20] During the Braniff hub era, DFW was one of only four U.S. airports to have scheduled Concorde service; Braniff commenced scheduled Concorde service from Dallas to Washington from 1979 to 1980, using British Airways and Air France aircraft temporarily re-registered to Braniff while flying within the United States. British Airways later briefly flew Concorde to Dallas in 1988 as a substitute for its ordinarily scheduled DC-10 service.[12]

Following airline deregulation, American Airlines (which had already been one of the largest carriers serving the Dallas/Fort Worth area for many years) established its first hub at DFW on June 11, 1981.[21] American finished moving its headquarters from Grand Prairie, Texas, to a building in Fort Worth located on the site of the old Greater Southwest Airport, near DFW Airport on January 17, 1983; the airline began leasing the facility from the airport, which owns the facility.[22] By 1984, the American hub occupied most of Terminal 3E and part of Terminal 2E.[23] American's hub grew to fill all of Terminal 2E by 1991.[24] American also began long-haul international service from DFW, adding flights to London in 1982 and Tokyo in 1987.[25]

Delta Air Lines also built up a hub operation at DFW, which occupied most of Terminal 4E through the 1990s.[23][24] The Delta hub peaked around 1991, when Delta had a 35% market share at DFW; its share was halved by 2004, after many of its mainline routes were downgraded to more frequent regional jet service in 2003.[26] Delta closed its DFW hub in 2004 in a restructuring of the airline to avoid bankruptcy, cutting its DFW operation to only 21 flights a day from over 250 and redeploying aircraft to hubs in Cincinnati, Atlanta and Salt Lake City. Prior to the closure, Delta had a 17.3% market share at DFW.[27] After the closing of Delta's hub, DFW offered incentives to Southwest Airlines to relocate its service to DFW from Love Field, but Southwest, as in the past, chose to stay at Love Field.

Aerial view of DFW in 2007

In 1989 the airport authority announced plans to rebuild the existing terminals and add two runways. After an environmental impact study was released the following year, the cities of Irving, Euless and Grapevine sued the airport over its extension plans, a battle that was finally decided (in favor of the airport) by the US Supreme Court in 1994. The seventh runway opened in 1996. The four primary north–south runways (those closest to the terminals) were all lengthened from 11,388 feet (3,471 m) to their present length of 13,400 feet (4,084 m). The first, 17R/35L, was extended in 1996 (at the same time the new runway was constructed) and the other three (17C/35C, 18L/36R and 18R/36L) were extended in 2005. DFW is now the only airport in the world with 4 serviceable paved runways longer than 4,000 metres (13,123 ft).

Terminal D, built for international flights, and DFW Skylink, a modern bidirectional people mover system, opened in 2005.[28][29]

From 2004 to 2012, DFW was one of two US Army "Personnel Assistance Points" which received US troops returning from wars in Iraq and Afghanistan for rest and recuperation. This ended on March 14, 2012, leaving Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport as the sole Personnel Assistance Point.[30]

Airports Council International (ACI) named DFW Airport the best large airport with more than 40 million passengers in North America for passenger satisfaction in 2016.[31]

In June 2018, DFW Airport opened a fully functioning emergency room on airport grounds, located in Southgate Plaze near the Airport Headquarters and Rental Car Center. With this opening, the facility became the first actual ER on an airport's property anywhere around the globe.[32]


As DFW continues to see growth and set records, the airport is studying the possibility of a sixth terminal, to be known as Terminal F. It would tentatively be located directly south of Terminal D and across International Parkway from Terminal E, in the Express South parking lot. The Skylink was designed and built to accommodate Terminal F, as the track follows a roughly semicircular path over the parking lot, similar to its path through the other terminals.[33] However, discussions are currently underway between the airport and its largest tenant, American Airlines, on whether to construct Terminal F as previously planned or construct an entirely new terminal layout.[34]


Dallas 7
Interior of Terminal D
Skylink at Terminal E
A Skylink train making a stop at Terminal E, next to a Spirit Airlines Airbus A320.

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport has five terminals and 165 gates.[8] The airport is designed with expansion in mind and can theoretically accommodate up to thirteen terminals and 260 gates, although this level of expansion is unlikely to be reached in the foreseeable future. The first four terminals were designed by Hellmuth, Obata and Kassabaum and Brodsky, Hopf & Adler.[35] The terminals at DFW are semicircular (except for the newest terminal, Terminal D, which is a "square U" shape) and built around the airport's central north–south arterial road, International Parkway. Until the late 1990s, they were designated by a number (2 being northernmost, 4 being southernmost) and a letter suffix ("E" for East, "W" for West). This system was later scrapped and the terminals are now lettered from A to E. Terminals A, C, and E (from north to south) are on the east side of the airport, while Terminals B and D (from north to south) are on the west side.

DFW's terminals are designed to minimize the distance between a passenger's car and airplane, and to reduce traffic around terminals. A consequence of this layout is that connecting passengers had to walk extremely long distances between gates (in order to walk from one end of the semicircular concourse to the other, one must walk the entire length; there were no shortcuts or moving walkways between the ends). The original people mover train (Airtrans APM, later the American Airlines TrAAin) was notoriously slow (17 mph (27 km/h)), uni-directional (running only in a counter-clockwise direction) and was located outside the secured area (thus requiring travelers to go through security again). It was replaced by Skylink in April 2005 after serving approximately 250 million passengers.[36] Skylink serves all five terminals at a considerably higher speed (up to 35 mph (56 km/h)), is bi-directional, and is located inside the secured area.[29] Terminal Link connects all terminals with a shuttle bus system on the non-secure side.[37]

DFW Airport tentatively completed a $2.7 billion[38] "Terminal Renewal and Improvement Program" (TRIP), which encompassed renovations of three of the original four terminals (A, B, and E). Work on the project began following the conclusion of Super Bowl XLV in February 2011. Terminal A was the first terminal to undergo these renovations which were completed in January 2017 at a cost of about $1 billion.[39] This was followed by the completion of Terminal E in August 2017 and Terminal B in December 2017. While Terminal C was originally part of the multibillion-dollar renovations, American Airlines in 2014 asked to delay renovations of the terminal. Currently the fate of Terminal C is uncertain with the possible construction of the future Terminal F and American Airlines' need for gate space.[40]

Terminal A

Terminal A has 26 gates.[8] Originally named "Terminal 2E", it is fully occupied by American Airlines for domestic flights and some international departures.[41] Prior to the opening of Terminal D, Terminal A operated most of American Airlines' international flights at the airport.

A satellite terminal near Terminal A was used due to gate restraints. Passengers were taken to the satellite via shuttle buses from gate A6. The satellite terminal was abandoned in 2005 when all American Eagle flights were consolidated into Terminals B and D. It now serves as a Corporate Aviation terminal for private and corporate aircraft, reopening in December 2010.[42]

As of January 2017, renovations in Terminal A are now completed.[43]

Terminal B

Terminal B has 47 gates.[8] This terminal was called "Terminal 2W" when the airport was opened. It was occupied by Braniff International Airways, which was the largest carrier to open DFW in 1974. Braniff was its main occupant until May 1982. The Inter-Faith Chapel near United's former gates commemorates the airline. By the early 1990s, Terminal 2W housed most carriers other than American and Delta.[44] Prior to the opening of Terminal D, all foreign flag carriers operated from this terminal. AirTran Airways, Frontier Airlines, Midwest Airlines, and US Airways (including the former America West Airlines) relocated to Terminal E in 2006. On December 13, 2009, United moved to Terminal E to join its new alliance (and later merger) partner Continental, at which point American Eagle became the sole operator in Terminal B. The terminal contains an American Airlines Admirals Club.

Along with the TRIP improvements, a new 10-gate stinger concourse off of Terminal B was constructed between gates B28 and B33 to accommodate growth.[45] The stinger concourse makes Terminal B the largest terminal at DFW in terms of number of gates.

Terminal C

Terminal C has 28 gates.[8] American Airlines operates all the gates at Terminal C, originally called "Terminal 3E", for only domestic flights. The terminal contains an American Airlines Admirals Club. The Hyatt Regency DFW Airport hotel is directly adjacent to this terminal.[46] A twin hotel building stood across International Parkway but was demolished for the construction of Terminal D.[47]

Terminal C has not started their TRIP Improvements. DFW Airport CEO Sean Donohue has been in talks with American about the future of Terminal C. They will either destroy it once the future Terminal F is finished, or renovate and keep it for other carriers to use so American and other airlines do not have to give up gate space.[48]

Terminal D

Terminal D has 28 gates.[8] It is DFW's international terminal, capable of handling 32,000 passengers daily or 11.7 million passengers annually. The terminal features 200 ticketing positions and a federal inspection facility capable of processing 2,800 passengers per hour. The terminal officially opened on July 23, 2005.[49]

The eight-level parking garage has over 8,100 parking spaces and uses a Smart Technology System that lets guests know which floors are full. Air-conditioned skybridges with moving walkways and elevators connect the garage to the terminal, and an arrivals canopy roof shields pedestrians from inclement weather as they enter and exit the terminal. The 298-room Grand Hyatt DFW Hotel is directly connected to the terminal. In addition, Terminal D hosts a Minute Suites hotel located inside security.[50] The terminal contains an American Airlines Admirals Club, a British Airways Lounge, a Korean Air Lounge, a Lufthansa Lounge, and a Qantas Business Lounge and an American Express Centurion Lounge.

On May 7, 2014, Qantas announced an upgauge to A380 service beginning in September 2014, and the Airport announced that gates 15 and 16 were being renovated to accommodate the A380 in anticipation of the new service.[51][52] Terminal D had been designed with the A380 in mind;[52] however, loading the double-deck aircraft requires three gates with a separate jet bridge to serve first class and business class passengers on the upper level, so the renovations included the addition of gate 16X.[53] On September 29, 2014, a Qantas A380–sporting a commemorative cowboy hat and bandana on the Kangaroo tail logo–inaugurated service at the remodeled gates.[53][54] Qantas Flights 7 and 8 continue to use A380s and remain the longest non-stop flights to and from DFW Airport.

Terminal E

Terminal E has 36 gates.[8] Originally called Terminal 4E, it was occupied primarily by Delta Air Lines until Delta closed its hub in 2005 and retained only flights to its other hubs. Delta branded the terminal "Easy Street" and marketed this term to passengers.[55] Today, the terminal is used by all U.S.-based carriers at the airport other than Sun Country, and by Air Canada Express USCBP precleared flights from Canada. Terminal E was formerly the only terminal at DFW in which American Airlines had no presence, but this changed after their merger with US Airways, when they combined gates.

The terminal previously had customs facilities that were used when Delta operated flights to Frankfurt in the early 1990s, and when Air France and Aeroméxico used to serve DFW before the International Terminal D was constructed. In the 2000s, SkyTeam partner airlines Continental and Northwest moved to gates adjacent to Delta. Terminal E is connected to the other terminals by Skylink, but lacks a walkway to the other terminals. The terminal includes a Delta Sky Club as well as a United Club.

Terminal E is distinctive in that it has a satellite terminal connected by an underground walkway. The satellite, opened in 1988 to accommodate Delta and was later used by Delta Connection. It was briefly used in 2009 to house federal workers who evacuated New Orleans International Airport during Hurricane Gustav. It was refurbished and reopened in 2013 to house US Airways and Spirit Airlines while Terminal E was renovated.[56][57] In April 2018, DFW Airport and American Airlines announced a $20 million renovation to the satellite terminal, converting 9 existing mainline gates to 15 regional gates, along with updating interior fixtures such as carpet, elevators, escalators and moving walkways. American plans to have renovations completed and be fully moved into the terminal in Spring 2019.[58]

Ground transportation

DFW airport streets (4726436452)
The International Parkway Toll Road intersects the airport

A consolidated rental car facility is located at the south end of the airport and connected to all terminals by a dedicated network of shuttle buses.[59] Hosting ten rental car companies, the center was completed in March 2000.[60]

The DFW Airport area is served by International Parkway (partially State Highway 97 Spur), which runs through the center of the airport, connecting to Airport Freeway (State Highway 183) on the southern side of the airport and John W. Carpenter Freeway (State Highway 114) on the northern side. International Parkway continues north of State Highway 114, carrying the State Highway 121 designation for a short while until its interchange with the Lyndon B. Johnson Freeway (I-635), where State Highway 121 continues north as the Sam Rayburn Tollway.

Dallas Area Rapid Transit offers bus service to Downtown Irving/Heritage Crossing Station and Southwestern Medical District/Parkland Station on route 408 from the Remote South Parking facility.

DART operates light rail from DFW Airport station located at Terminal A.[61] This provides direct rail service on the Orange Line to Dallas and Las Colinas (with a later extension to DFW Airport North station). TEXRail is a commuter rail service between Terminal B and T&P Station via Fort Worth Intermodal Transportation Center. DFW Airport is additionally served by the Trinity Railway Express commuter rail line at CentrePort/DFW Airport Station via shuttle bus to the Remote South parking lot. The line serves both downtown Dallas and downtown Fort Worth.

Other facilities

The facility at 1639 West 23rd Street is located on the airport property and in the City of Grapevine.[62][63][64] Tenants include China Airlines,[65] Lufthansa Cargo,[66] and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.[67]

The DFW Airport Department of Public Safety provides the airport with its own police, fire protection, and emergency medical services.[68]

The DFW International Airport headquarters is located nearby at 2400 Aviation Drive, DFW Airport, TX 75261.[69]

In 1995, the airport opened Founders' Plaza, an observation park dedicated to the founders of DFW Airport. The site offered a panoramic view of the south end of the airport and hosted several significant events, including an employee memorial the day after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks and the airport's 30th anniversary celebration in 2004.[70] As part of the perimeter taxiway project, Founders' Plaza was closed in 2007 and moved to a new location surrounding a 50-foot (15 m)-tall beacon on the north side of the airport in 2008. The 6-acre (2.4 ha) plaza features a granite monument and sculpture, post-mounted binoculars, piped-in voices of air traffic controllers and shade pavilions. In 2010, a memorial honoring Delta Air Lines Flight 191 was dedicated at the plaza.[71]

Airlines and destinations


Aeroméxico Connect Mexico City [72]
Air Canada Express Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver [73]
Air France Seasonal: Paris–Charles de Gaulle [74]
Alaska Airlines Portland (OR), Seattle/Tacoma [75]
American Airlines Albuquerque, Atlanta, Aruba, Austin, Baltimore, Beijing–Capital, Belize City, Bogotá, Boise, Boston, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Buffalo, Burbank, Cancún, Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Colorado Springs, Columbia (SC), Columbus–Glenn, Cozumel, Denver, Des Moines, Detroit, Eagle/Vail, El Paso, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Frankfurt, Fresno, Grand Cayman, Greensboro (begins June 6, 2019), Greenville/Spartanburg, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Hartford, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Houston–Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Jackson Hole, Jacksonville, Kahului, Kansas City, Knoxville (begins June 7, 2019), Las Vegas, Liberia (CR), Lima, Little Rock, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Louisville, Madrid, Memphis, Mexico City, Miami, Midland/Odessa, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montego Bay, Nashville, New Orleans, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Newark, Norfolk, Oakland, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario, Orange County, Orlando, Palm Springs, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Pensacola, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, Raleigh/Durham, Reno/Tahoe, Richmond, Roatan, Sacramento, St. Louis, St. Thomas (begins December 21, 2019),[76] Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San José de Costa Rica, San José del Cabo, San Juan, San Salvador, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Savannah, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Spokane, Tampa, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Tucson, Tulsa, Vancouver, Washington–Dulles, Washington–National, West Palm Beach, Wichita
Seasonal: Amsterdam, Anchorage, Bozeman, Destin/Fort Walton Beach, Dublin (begins June 6, 2019),[77] Grand Rapids, Gunnison/Crested Butte, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Kailua–Kona, Lubbock, Managua (ends June 1, 2019),[78] Montreal–Trudeau, Montrose, Munich (begins June 6, 2019),[77] Nassau, Providenciales, Punta Cana, Reykjavík–Keflávik, Rome–Fiumicino, San Pedro Sula (begins June 7, 2019),[79] Santa Barbara, Santo Domingo-Las Américas (begins June 8, 2019),[80] St. Kitts (begins May 25, 2019),[81] Tegucigalpa (begins June 6, 2019)[80]
American Eagle Abilene, Aguascalientes, Albuquerque, Alexandria, Amarillo, Augusta (GA), Bakersfield, Baton Rouge, Beaumont, Billings, Birmingham (AL), Bismarck, Bloomington/Normal, Boise, Bozeman, Brownsville, Calgary, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Champaign/Urbana, Charleston (SC), Chattanooga, Cheyenne, Chihuahua, Cincinnati, College Station, Colorado Springs, Columbia (MO), Corpus Christi, Dayton, Del Rio, Des Moines, Destin/Fort Walton Beach, Durango (CO), Durango (MX) (begins June 6, 2019),[79] El Paso, Evansville, Fargo, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Flagstaff, Fort Smith, Fort Wayne, Gainesville, Garden City, Grand Island, Grand Junction, Grand Rapids, Greensboro, Greenville/Spartanburg, Gulfport/Biloxi, Harlingen, Harrisburg (begins June 6, 2019),[83] Hattiesburg/Laurel (MS), Houston–Hobby, Houston–Intercontinental, Huntsville, Jackson (MS), Jacksonville, Jackson Hole, Joplin, Kansas City, Killeen/Fort Hood, Knoxville, Lafayette, Lake Charles, Laredo, Lawton, León/Del Bajío, Lexington, Little Rock, Longview, Louisville, Lubbock, Madison, Manhattan (KS), McAllen, Memphis, Meridian (MS), Midland/Odessa, Missoula, Mobile, Moline/Quad Cities, Monroe, Monterrey, Montgomery, Montrose, Morelia, Nashville, New Orleans, Oaxaca, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Panama City (FL), Pensacola, Peoria, Querétaro, Rapid City, Roswell, San Angelo, San Luis Obispo, San Luis Potosí, Santa Barbara, Shreveport, Sioux City, Sioux Falls, South Bend, Springfield (IL), Springfield/Branson, Stillwater, St. George (UT) (begins September 26, 2019),[84] St. Louis, Tallahassee, Texarkana, Toronto–Pearson, Torreón/Gómez Palacio, Tri-Cities (TN) (begins August 15, 2019),[85] Tulsa, Tyler, Waco, Wichita, Wichita Falls, Wilmington (NC), Yuma, Zacatecas
Seasonal: Acapulco (begins December 21, 2019),[76] Asheville, Aspen, Eagle/Vail, Flagstaff, Huatulco (begins December 21, 2019),[76] Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Kalispell (begins June 6, 2019),[83] Key West, Mazatlán, Monterey (CA), Montreal–Trudeau, Myrtle Beach, Richmond, Santa Rosa (begins June 6, 2019),[83] Sarasota, Traverse City
Avianca El Salvador San Salvador [86]
Boutique Air Carlsbad (NM), Clovis (NM), Greenville (MS), Victoria (TX) [87]
British Airways London–Heathrow [88]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–LaGuardia, Salt Lake City [89]
Delta Connection Cincinnati, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK [89]
Emirates Dubai–International [90]
Frontier Airlines Denver, Las Vegas, Orlando
Seasonal: Branson, Cincinnati, Philadelphia
Interjet Mexico City [92]
Japan Airlines Tokyo–Narita [93]
JetBlue Boston [94]
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon [95]
Lufthansa Frankfurt [96]
Qantas Sydney [97]
Qatar Airways Doha [98]
Southern Airways Express El Dorado (AR), Harrison (AR), Hot Springs [99]
Spirit Airlines Atlanta, Baltimore, Cancún, Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New Orleans, New York–LaGuardia, Orlando, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Seattle/Tacoma, Tampa
Seasonal: Boston, Cleveland, Myrtle Beach, San José del Cabo
Sun Country Airlines Las Vegas
Seasonal: Cancún, Cozumel, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montego Bay (begins May 24, 2019),[101] Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Tampa
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles [103]
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles [103]
Volaris Durango (MX) (begins June 15, 2019),[104] Guadalajara [105]


AirBridgeCargo Airlines Amsterdam, Chicago–O'Hare, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air China Cargo Anchorage, Beijing–Capital, New York–JFK, Shanghai–Pudong
Amazon Air Allentown/Bethlehem, Cincinnati, Ontario, Sacramento, Tampa
Ameriflight Amarillo, Brownwood, Cincinnati, Clinton (OK), Lubbock, Nashville, Oklahoma City, Pampa, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, San Angelo, San Antonio, Smyrna (TN), Tulsa, Waco, Wichita, Wichita Falls
Asiana Cargo Atlanta, Chicago–O'Hare, Seattle/Tacoma
ASL Airlines Belgium Atlanta, Liège
Cargojet Hamilton, Mexico City, Toronto–Pearson
Cargolux Chicago–O'Hare, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Mexico City
Cargolux Italia Milan–Malpensa
Cathay Pacific Cargo Anchorage, Atlanta, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles
China Airlines Cargo Anchorage, Atlanta, Chicago–O'Hare, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan
DHL Aviation Cincinnati, El Paso, Hong Kong, Los Angeles
Empire Airlines Lubbock
EVA Air Cargo Anchorage, Atlanta, Chicago–O'Hare, Los Angeles, Seattle/Tacoma, Taipei–Taoyuan
FedEx Express Fort Lauderdale, Indianapolis, Los Angeles, Memphis, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Seattle/Tacoma
Korean Air Cargo Anchorage, Atlanta
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Guadalajara, Mexico City
Martinaire Abilene, Addison, Lubbock, Oklahoma City, Palestine, Shreveport, Tyler
Nippon Cargo Airlines Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare, Tokyo–Narita
Qantas Freight Beijing–Capital, Chongqing
Qatar Airways Cargo[106][107] Doha, Atlanta, Liège, Luxembourg
Singapore Airlines Cargo Anchorage, Brussels, Chicago–O'Hare, Cincinnati, Los Angeles, Seattle/Tacoma
UPS Airlines Albuquerque, Atlanta, Austin, Boston, Chicago–O'Hare, Chicago/Rockford, Columbia (SC), El Paso, Houston–Intercontinental, Kuala Lumpur–International, Los Angeles, Louisville, Miami, Newark, Oakland, Ontario, Orlando, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), San Antonio, San Bernardino, San Jose (CA), Spokane, Tampa
Seasonal: Hartford, Honolulu, Knoxville, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Philadelphia


Top destinations

Busiest domestic routes from DFW
(March 2018 – February 2019)
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Los Angeles, California 1,151,700 American, Delta, Spirit
2 Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 1,079,230 American, Spirit, United
3 Atlanta, Georgia 887,890 American, Delta, Spirit
4 Denver, Colorado 786,400 American, Frontier, Spirit, United
5 New York–LaGuardia, New York 776,040 American, Delta, Spirit
6 Las Vegas, Nevada 754,550 American, Spirit, Sun Country
7 Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Arizona 667,130 American, Spirit, Sun Country
8 Seattle/Tacoma, Washington 638,340 Alaska, American, Spirit
9 Orlando, Florida 635,330 American, Spirit
10 Miami, Florida 620,260 American
Busiest international routes from DFW (Jan. 2014 – Dec. 2014)[109]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 Cancún, Mexico 682,977 American, Spirit, Sun Country
2 London–Heathrow, England, United Kingdom 655,590 American, British Airways
3 Mexico City, Mexico 476,167 Aeromexico, American
4 Tokyo–Narita, Japan 305,321 American, JAL
5 Frankfurt, Germany 269,442 American, Lufthansa
6 Monterrey, Mexico 246,804 American Eagle
7 Seoul–Incheon, South Korea 245,514 American, Korean Air
8 San José del Cabo, Mexico 240,412 American, Spirit
9 Toronto–Pearson, Canada 221,385 Air Canada, American
10 Vancouver, Canada 200,460 Air Canada, American

Airline market share

Largest airlines at DFW (March 2018 – February 2019)[110]
Rank Airline Passengers Share
1 American Airlines 39,388,000 68.34%
2 Envoy Air 4,480,000 7.77%
3 Mesa Airlines 4,273,000 7.41%
4 Spirit Airlines 2,731,000 4.74%
5 Delta Air Lines 1,660,000 2.88%

Annual traffic

Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned) at DFW[3][111]
Year Passengers Year Passengers Year Passengers Year Passengers Year Passengers
1974 7,091,159 1984 32,231,758 1994 52,642,225 2004 59,446,078 2014 63,522,823
1975 7,293,265 1985 37,486,864 1995 56,490,845 2005 59,176,265 2015 65,512,163
1976 7,986,004 1986 43,406,078 1996 58,034,503 2006 60,226,829 2016 65,670,697
1977 8,594,004 1987 41,976,452 1997 60,488,713 2007 59,786,476 2017 67,092,194
1978 13,015,249 1988 44,230,889 1998 60,313,000 2008 57,093,187 2018 69,112,607
1979 14,221,299 1989 47,579,823 1999 60,112,998 2009 56,030,457
1980 11,378,154 1990 48,515,464 2000 60,687,181 2010 56,905,600
1981 24,390,674 1991 48,174,344 2001 55,141,763 2011 57,806,918
1982 24,699,184 1992 51,987,267 2002 52,829,750 2012 58,590,633
1983 26,501,498 1993 49,654,730 2003 53,252,205 2013 60,436,739

Since the opening of DFW in January 1974 through the end of 2018, nearly 2.077 billion passengers have flown in and out of the airport. This represents an average of over 46.15 million passengers annually.

Accidents and incidents

  • August 2, 1985: Delta Air Lines Flight 191, a Lockheed L-1011 on a Fort Lauderdale–Dallas/Fort Worth–Los Angeles route, crashed near the north end of runway 17R (now 17C) after encountering a severe microburst on final approach; the crash killed 8 of 11 crew members, 128 of 152 passengers on board and one person on the ground.
  • March 24, 1987: The pilot of a Metroflight Convair CV-580, registration number N73107, operating for American Eagle Airlines on a commuter flight bound for Longview, lost directional control during a crosswind takeoff. The left-hand wing and propeller struck the runway and the nose landing gear collapsed as the craft slid off the runway and onto an adjacent taxiway; 8 passengers and 3 crew aboard the airliner suffered minor or no injuries. The crash was attributed to the pilot's decision to disregard wind information and take off in weather conditions that exceeded the rated capabilities of the aircraft; the pilot's "overconfidence in [his/her] personal ability" was cited as a contributing factor in the accident report.[112][113]
  • May 21, 1988: An American Airlines McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, registration number N136AA, operating as AA Flight 70 bound for Frankfurt, overran runway 35L after automatic warning signals prompted the flight crew to attempt a rejected takeoff; the jetliner continued to accelerate for several seconds before slowing, and did not stop until it had run 1,100 feet (335 m) past the runway threshold, collapsing the nose landing gear. 2 crew were seriously injured and the remaining 12 crew and 240 passengers escaped safely; the aircraft was severely damaged and was written off. Investigators attributed the overrun to a shortcoming in the design standards that were used when the DC-10 was built; there had been no requirement to test whether partially worn (as opposed to brand-new) brake pads were capable of stopping the aircraft during a rejected takeoff and 8 of the 10 worn pad sets on N136AA had failed.[114][115]
  • August 31, 1988: Delta Air Lines Flight 1141, a Boeing 727 bound to Salt Lake City International Airport in Salt Lake City, Utah, crashed after takeoff from Dallas/Fort Worth Airport, killing 2 of 7 crew members and 12 of 101 passengers on board.
  • April 14, 1993: The pilot of American Airlines Flight 102, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30, registration number N139AA, lost directional control during a crosswind landing in rainy conditions and caused the jetliner to slide off runway 17L after arriving from Honolulu, Hawaii. The craft dug into deep mud alongside the runway, collapsing the nose landing gear and tearing off the left-hand engine and much of the left wing. A fire in the left-hand wheel well was rapidly extinguished by firefighters who arrived almost immediately from the nearby DFW/DPS Fire Station. 2 passengers suffered serious injuries while using the evacuation slides to escape from the steeply tilted fuselage; the remaining 187 passengers and all 13 crew evacuated in relative safety, but the aircraft was a total loss.[116][117][118]
  • May 23, 2001: The right main landing gear of an American Airlines Fokker 100, registration number N1419D, operating as AA Flight 1107, collapsed upon landing on runway 17C after a scheduled flight from Charlotte/Douglas International Airport. The pilot was able to maintain directional control and bring the aircraft to a stop on the runway. The incident was attributed to metal fatigue caused by a manufacturing flaw in the right main gear's outer cylinder; there were no serious injuries to the 88 passengers or 4 crew, but the aircraft was written off.[119][120]


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External links

Airport terminal

An airport terminal is a building at an airport where passengers transfer between ground transportation and the facilities that allow them to board and disembark from an aircraft.

Within the terminal, passengers purchase tickets, transfer their luggage, and go through security. The buildings that provide access to the airplanes (via gates) are typically called concourses. However, the terms "terminal" and "concourse" are sometimes used interchangeably, depending on the configuration of the airport.

Smaller airports have one terminal while larger airports have several terminals and/or concourses. At small airports, the single terminal building typically serves all of the functions of a terminal and a concourse.

Some larger airports have one terminal that is connected to multiple concourses via walkways, sky-bridges, or underground tunnels (such as Denver International Airport, modeled after Atlanta's, the world's busiest). Some larger airports have more than one terminal, each with one or more concourses (such as New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport). Still other larger airports have multiple terminals each of which incorporate the functions of a concourse (such as Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport).

According to Frommers, most airport terminals are built in a plain style, with the 'concrete boxes of the 1960s and 1970s generally gave way to glass boxes in the 1990s and 2000s, with the best terminals making a vague stab at incorporating ideas of "light" and "air"'. However, some, such as Baghdad International Airport, are monumental in stature, while others are considered architectural masterpieces, such as Terminal 1 at Charles de Gaulle Airport near Paris or Terminal 5 at New York's JFK Airport. A few are designed to reflect the culture of a particular area, some examples being the terminal at Albuquerque International Sunport in New Mexico, which is designed in the Pueblo Revival style popularized by architect John Gaw Meem, as well as the terminal at Bahías de Huatulco International Airport in Huatulco, Oaxaca, Mexico, which features some palapas that are interconnected to form the airport terminal.


Ameriflight LLC is an American cargo airline with headquarters at the Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. It is the largest United States FAA Part 135 cargo carrier, operating scheduled and contract cargo services from 19 bases to destinations in 250 cities across 43 US states, as well as Canada, Mexico, the Caribbean, and South America. Ameriflight serves major financial institutions, freight forwarders, laboratories and overnight couriers in the US and provides feeder services for overnight express carriers nationwide and internationally. Ameriflight averages 525 daily departures with over 100,000 combined flight hours annually and a 99.5% on-time performance. Ameriflight employs over 700 people (225 pilots, 140 mechanics).

Arlington Municipal Airport (Texas)

Arlington Municipal Airport (ICAO: KGKY, FAA LID: GKY) is a public use airport located four nautical miles (7 km) south of the central business district of Arlington, a city in Tarrant County, Texas, United States. The airport is at the intersection of Interstate 20 and South Collins Road. This airport is publicly owned by the City of Arlington and serves as a reliever airport for Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport and Dallas Love Field.

Arlington Municipal is currently used for general aviation purposes. Several companies operate aircraft services on the airport property, including the Bell Helicopter division of Textron.

Although most U.S. airports use the same three-letter location identifier for the FAA and IATA, this airport is assigned GKY by the FAA but has no designation from the IATA.

Bachman station

Bachman station is a Dallas Area Rapid Transit station in Dallas, Texas. It serves DART's Green Line and Orange Line. The station opened as part of the Green Line's expansion in December 2010. It services nearby attractions such as Bachman Lake and surrounding neighborhoods. This is the last shared stop outbound between the Green and Orange Lines before the Orange Line branches off to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. Because of this, it is one of the only three-track DART stations.

Belt Line station

Belt Line station is a DART station in Irving, Texas. It is located on Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport property and serves the Orange Line. The station opened in December 2012 and was the terminus of the Orange Line until the DFW Airport station opened on August 18, 2014.

CentrePort/DFW Airport station

CentrePort/DFW Airport station is a Trinity Railway Express (TRE) commuter rail station in Fort Worth, Texas. It is located on Statler Boulevard just south of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. It opened on September 16, 2000, and is a station on the TRE commuter line, serving the CentrePort business park, the headquarters of American Airlines, and all terminals of DFW Airport. Connections to all DFW airport terminals are free but require riding two shuttle buses: first the shuttle to the DFW Remote South lot, then connecting there to the terminal shuttles.

From April 2013 to December 2017, the Metro Arlington Xpress shuttle connected the station to downtown Arlington, including the University of Texas at Arlington campus. The service has since been replaced by a ride-sharing service operated by Via.Shuttle service between CentrePort and DFW Airport is scheduled to be discontinued in 2019. The TRE Link was scheduled to open on April 15 as a replacement.

DFW Airport/Terminal B station

DFW Airport/Terminal B station is a current terminal Trinity Metro TEXRail station and future Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART) Cotton Belt commuter rail station located at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport between Terminal B and DART's DFW Airport light rail station.

DFW Airport North station

DFW Airport North station is a TEXRail commuter rail station and future DART commuter rail station. It is located on Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport property in Grapevine, Texas.

DFW Skylink

Skylink is an automated people mover (APM) operating at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (DFW). It is an application of the Bombardier Innovia APM 200 system manufactured by Bombardier Transportation, and continues to be maintained and operated by Bombardier. When it opened, it was the world's largest airport train system. Sixty-four Skylink trains are in service at DFW Airport.

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport station

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport station is a transit station located at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. It offers service on the DART Orange Line light rail service, and future DART Cotton Belt commuter rail line.

The light rail station opened on August 18, 2014, and it serves as the northwestern terminus of the Orange Line. It is located between Terminals A and B. The station is easily accessible from the lower level of Terminal A near A10.

With the completion of DFW Airport/Terminal B station since January 10, 2019, a walkway is connected the two stations together making it possible for passengers to transfer onto TEXRail or access Terminal B.

Delta Air Lines Flight 1141

Delta Air Lines Flight 1141 was a scheduled domestic passenger flight between Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas and Salt Lake City, Utah. On August 31, 1988, the flight, utilizing a Boeing 727-200 series aircraft, crashed during takeoff, killing 14 of the 108 people on board and injuring 76 others.

Delta Air Lines Flight 191

Delta Air Lines Flight 191 was a regularly scheduled Delta Air Lines domestic service from Fort Lauderdale, Florida, to Los Angeles with an intermediate stop at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (DFW). On August 2, 1985, the Lockheed L-1011 TriStar operating Flight 191 encountered a microburst while on approach to land at DFW. The aircraft struck the ground over a mile short of the runway, struck a car near the airport, and then collided with two water tanks and disintegrated. The crash killed 137 people and injured 28 others. The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) determined that the crash resulted from the flight crew's decision to fly through a thunderstorm, the lack of procedures or training to avoid or escape microbursts, and the lack of hazard information on wind shear.

Fort Worth Air Route Traffic Control Center

ZFW also stands for Zero-Fuel Weight, the weight of an aircraft (or other form of transport) without fuel on board.The Fort Worth Air Route Traffic Control Center (ZFW) is located at 13800 FAA Road, Fort Worth, Texas, United States 76155. The Fort Worth ARTCC is one of 22 Air Route Traffic Control Centers in the United States.

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport is north of the control center.

Grapevine, Texas

Grapevine is a city and suburb of Dallas and Fort Worth located in northeast Tarrant County, Texas, United States, with minor portions extending into Dallas County and Denton County. The city is located in the Mid-Cities suburban region between Dallas and Fort Worth and includes a larger portion of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport than other cities.

The city is adjacent to Grapevine Lake, a large reservoir impounded by the Army Corps of Engineers in 1952 that serves as a source of water and recreational area.

International Parkway

International Parkway is a major north-south highway in the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex. Its main purpose is to provide access to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (DFW) from the metropolitan area. Part of the Parkway from its southern end at State Highway 183 (SH 183, Airport Freeway) and SH 360 to the south entry/Exit toll booths for DFW Airport is designated as State Highway Spur 97. International Parkway is a de facto toll road, though the toll booths also handle parking fees for the airport.

Kitty Hawk Aircargo

For the Dallas, Texas, based airline that flew in 1978, see Kitty Hawk Airways.

Kitty Hawk Aircargo (NASDAQ: KTTEQ) was an American cargo airline based on the grounds of Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport and in Grapevine, Texas, U.S. It operated domestic scheduled overnight freight services, as well as air charter services. Its main base was Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, with a hub at Fort Wayne International Airport.

List of busiest airports by aircraft movements

The thirty world's busiest airports by aircraft movements are measured by total movements (data provided by Airports Council International). A movement is a landing or takeoff of an aircraft.

Public art in Dallas

The city of Dallas, Texas has a public art collection of over 300 individual pieces of art. Dallas Love Field Airport has almost 20 pieces of art, and Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport has over 30 more. Well known sculptures on public display include Dallas Piece by Henry Moore and Floating Sculpture by Marta Pan. Dallas has at least one Confederate memorial on public display, the Confederate War Memorial, and a memorial to freed slaves, Freedman's Memorial by David Newton, installed in 1999. Dallas Area Rapid Transit has run the DART Station Art & Design Program since 1988, and as of 2007, had about 40 installations at transit stations and Cityplace, Dallas's subway station.

Qantas Flights 7 and 8

Qantas Flight 7 (QF7/QFA7) and Qantas Flight 8 (QF8/QFA8) are flights operated by Australian airline Qantas between Sydney Airport and Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, which, from 2013 to 2016, were the longest regularly scheduled non-stop commercial flights in the world. They are currently the seventh longest regularly scheduled non-stop commercial flights in the world as measured by distance—13,804 kilometres (8,577 mi; 7,454 nmi), which is over one third of the distance around Earth. Both flights are operated with Airbus A380 aircraft.

City of Dallas
Professional sports teams
Privately owned
Defunct and historic

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