Da kine

Da kine /də ˈkaɪn/ is an expression in Hawaiian Pidgin (Hawaii Creole English), probably derived from "the kind", that usually functions grammatically as a placeholder name (compare to English "whatsit" and "whatchamacallit"),[1] but can also take the role of a verb, adjective, or adverb. Unlike other placeholder names in English, however, which usually refer specifically to a device ("gizmo" or "widget"), person ("so-and-so"), or place ("Anytown, USA"), "da kine" is general in usage and could refer to anything from a person to an abstract concept. It can be used to refer to something nonspecific, or given enough context (especially when used in conversation between native speakers of the dialect) to something very specific. As such, it appears to be unique among English dialects, at least in its centrality to everyday speech.

"Da kine" is probably the most identifying characteristic of spoken Hawaiian Pidgin, and certainly the most versatile.[2] The humorous illustrated dictionary Pidgin to Da Max defines "da kine" as: "the keystone of pidgin. You can use it anywhere, anytime, anyhow. Very convenient."[3] A surfing dictionary lists da kine as "the word you use when you don't use the word."[4]

"Da kine" is used as shorthand when it is likely the listener will understand what is meant from context or a combination of context and body language. One definition (in mixed Pidgin) is: "Can have any kine connotation depends on how you say um and who you say um wit."[5]

"Da kine" may be related to the word "kine", which is used variously as an intensifier, short for "kind of" in the sense of "type of", and for many other purposes (perhaps almost as much variety as "da kine"). However, it may not be entirely accurate to analyze it as a phrase consisting of "da" (the Pidgin definite article) and "kine", as "kine" by itself does not have the same meaning. One possible analysis is that "da" in "da kine" is a clitic, as phrases such as "da odda kine" (other kind) or "all kine" (all kinds) are commonly used.[6]

The simplest explanation of its origin comes from the simple context of its use. "Da Kine" comes from "the kind" or "the thing" and is used as an extremely vague, yet simple explanation of an action or object when something's specific name is unknown or cannot come to mind. (I talked on my 'da kine' = I talked on 'the thing you use to talk to people' = I talked on my 'phone') (I wen fo one da kine las night = I went for a 'the thing you do when you move your legs' last night = I went for a 'run' last night) A pidgin speaker who uses "da kine" for its true purpose (not local slang) will often repeat "da kine" several times and attempt to explain what it is to fully get the idea across.

In popular culture

While "da kine" appears in many contexts and refers to almost anything, it is frequently associated with something good or genuine—"the best"-for example, as a company name.

"Da kine" appears in the titles of books, often times calling Hawaiian Pidgin itself "Da Kine Talk".[7]

DaKine, founded in 1979, is an outdoor apparel company specializing in sportswear and equipment for alternative sports.[8]

Da Kine Bail Bonds is a Honolulu, Hawaii-based bail bonds company owned by Duane "Dog" Chapman, the title character in the A&E reality TV series Dog the Bounty Hunter.[9]

"Da Kine" is cited as the callsign meaning of KINE-FM 105.1, a Honolulu-based Hawaiian music radio station.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Da Kine – Pidgin English Definition". e-Hawaii web site. November 27, 2009. Retrieved December 3, 2010.
  2. ^ Allan A. Metcalf (2000). Pidgin How we talk: American regional English today. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-618-04362-0.
  3. ^ Ken Sakata; Pat Sasaki (1981). Pidgin to Da Max. Illustrated by Douglas Simonson and Pat Sasaki. Bess Press. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-935848-41-0.
  4. ^ Trever Cralle (2001). The Surfin'ary: A Dictionary of Surfing Terms and Surfspeak (2nd ed.). Ten Speed Press. ISBN 978-1-58008-193-1.
  5. ^ Lee A. Tonouchi (2005). Da Kine Dictionary: Da Hawai'i Community Pidgin Dictionary Projeck. Bess Press. p. 21. ISBN 978-1-57306-136-0.
  6. ^ Kent Sakoda; Jeff Siegel (2003). Pidgin Grammar: An Introduction to the Creole Language of Hawaii. Bess Press. pp. 48–50. ISBN 978-1-57306-136-0.
  7. ^ Elizabeth Ball Carr (1972). Da kine talk. University Press of Hawaii. ISBN 978-0-8248-0209-7.
  8. ^ "DaKine". Company web site. Retrieved December 3, 2010.
  9. ^ "'Dog' Chapman hit with $2M in tax liens". Pacific Business News. February 13, 2009. Retrieved February 12, 2010.
Blossoming Lotus

Blossoming Lotus is a counter-service vegan restaurant in Portland, Oregon, U.S. It was founded in Kapa'a, Hawaii, in 2002. At its peak the company had three restaurants, but now only operates in Portland.

Bradajo

Bradajo ("Brother Joe") is the pen name of Jozuf Hadley, an American poet and art teacher who writes in Hawaiian Pidgin.

Chaloookyu Eensai, his 1972 recording with printed translation, is believed to be the first publication in Hawaiian Pidgin. He was born on Kauaʻi.

Bristol Bay

Bristol Bay (Iilgayaq in Central Yup'ik, Russian: Залив Бристольский) is the eastern-most arm of the Bering Sea, at 57° to 59° North 157° to 162° West in Southwest Alaska. Bristol Bay is 400 km (250 mi) long and 290 km, (180 mi) wide at its mouth. A number of rivers flow into the bay, including the Cinder, Egegik, Igushik, Kvichak, Meshik, Nushagak, Naknek, Togiak, and Ugashik.

Upper reaches of Bristol Bay experience some of the highest tides in the world. One such reach, the Nushagak Bay near Dillingham and another near Naknek in Kvichak Bay have tidal extremes in excess of 10 m (30 ft), ranking them — and the area — as eighth highest in the world. Coupled with the extreme number of shoals, sandbars, and shallows, makes navigation troublesome, especially during the area's frequently strong winds. As the shallowest part of the Bering Sea, Bristol Bay is one of the most dangerous regions for large vessels.

Dakine

Dakine is an American outdoor clothing company specializing in sportswear and sports equipment for alternative sports based in Hood River Oregon. Founded in Hawaii, the name comes from the Hawaiian Pidgin word "da kine" (derived from "the kind"). Now based in Hood River Oregon (products are manufactured overseas), the company also sponsors athletes from the lifestyle and sporting fields of skiing, biking, windsurfing, kiting, snowboarding, surfing, and skateboarding.

Duane Chapman

Duane Lee "Dog" Chapman Sr. (born February 2, 1953), better known as Dog the Bounty Hunter or simply Dog, is an American reality TV star, bounty hunter, and a former bail bondsman. Chapman achieved international notoriety as a bounty hunter for his successful capture of Max Factor heir Andrew Luster in Mexico in 2003 and the following year, was given his own series, Dog the Bounty Hunter (2004–2012), on A&E. After Dog the Bounty Hunter ended, Chapman appeared in Dog and Beth: On the Hunt, a similarly formatted TV show, alongside his wife and business partner, Beth Chapman, on CMT from 2013–2015. His upcoming series, Dog's Most Wanted, will premiere on WGN America.

Genoa Keawe

‘Aunty’ Genoa Leilani Adolpho Keawe-Aiko (October 31, 1918 – February 25, 2008) was a Hawaiian musician. Aunty Genoa was born on the island of Oʻahu in the Kakaʻako district of Honolulu and grew up in Lā'ie. She was an icon in Hawaiian music and a mainstay on the Hawaiian music scene for more than 60 years. She captivated local and visitor audiences alike. She had a tremendous repertoire of traditional Hawaiian standards and Hapa Haole tunes. Many local artists include Aunty Genoa Keawe among their many influences.

In 2005, she received an honorary doctorate (Doctor of Humane Letters) from the University of Hawai‘i.

KINE-FM

KINE-FM (Hawaiian 105 KINE) is a Hawaiian Adult Contemporary music station based in Honolulu, Hawaii. The SummitMedia outlet broadcasts at 105.1 MHz with an ERP of 100 kW. It is also transmitting on Oceanic Time Warner Cable digital channel 855 for the entire state of Hawaii. The station's studios are located in Downtown Honolulu and its transmitter is located near Akupu.

KOHO (AM)

KOHO was a Japanese language AM radio station active in Honolulu, Hawaii from 1959 to 2000. KOHO was one of two radio stations broadcasting Japanese programming on the AM dial into the 1990s; the other, which is still active today, is KZOO. The radio station is still licensed, now as KORL.

Kine

Kine may refer to:

An archaic plural for cow

Kine or kino, Greek-English prefix referring to motion

A pestle used with the Japanese usu

A helper character from the Kirby video game series

A vampire's term for "human" in World of Darkness and The Dresden Files

Da kine, Hawaiian Pidgin for "excellent" or "whatcha' call it"

KINE-FM, a Hawaiian contemporary hits radio station

Kine, the first book of The Kine Saga trilogy, later republished as Marshworld

Abbreviation of Kinescope, the recording of a television program by filming the picture from a video monitor

Kine Beate Bjørnås (born 1980), Norwegian cross-country skier

Lee Tonouchi

Lee A. Tonouchi (born circa 1972) is a Hawaii born writer and editor, who calls himself "Da Pidgin Guerilla" because of his strong advocacy of the Hawaiian Pidgin language.

Tonouchi graduated from Aiea High School in 1990.

He promotes the idea that Hawaiian Pidgin is an appropriate language for both creative and academic writing.

He was inspired by the works of Eric Chock in the journal Bamboo Ridge.

All of his writing, including his Master's Thesis, is in Pidgin. He was an instructor of English at Kapiolani Community College in 2007.

He also taught at Hawaii Pacific University during 2005,

and later.

His works often address family relationship in a humorous way.His principal works:

Hybolics (1999), literary magazine in Hawaiian Pidgin (co-editor)

Da Word (2001), a collection of short stories

Living Pidgin: Contemplations on Pidgin Culture (2002), a collection of poems and essays

Gone Feeshing (2004), a play first produced at Kumu Kahua Theatre

Da Kine Dictionary:Da Hawai'i Community Pidgin Dictionary Projeck (2005), a dictionary of Hawaiian Pidgin

Leland Chapman

Leland Blane Chapman (born December 14, 1976) is an American bail bondsman and bounty hunter, known as one of the stars of the A&E Network reality television program Dog the Bounty Hunter. He also starred in the Country Music Television television documentary Dog and Beth: On the Hunt.

Lyssa Chapman

Lyssa Rae Chapman, more commonly known as "Baby Lyssa", is an American businesswoman and former bail bondswoman and bounty hunter, most noted for her role on A&E TV's Dog the Bounty Hunter, in which she, along with her father Duane "Dog" Chapman and various friends and family, track down and capture wanted fugitives.

Molokini

Molokini is a crescent-shaped, partially submerged volcanic crater which forms a small, uninhabited islet located in ʻAlalākeiki Channel between the islands of Maui and Kahoʻolawe, within Maui County in Hawaiʻi.

It is the remains of one of the seven Pleistocene epoch volcanoes that formed the prehistoric Maui Nui island, during the Quaternary Period of the Cenozoic Era.

The islet has an area of 23 acres (9.3 ha), a diameter of about 0.4 miles (0.6 km), is 161 feet (50 m) at its highest point and is located about 2.5 miles (4.0 km) west of Makena State Park and south of Maʻalaea Bay.

The islet is a Hawaiʻi State Seabird Sanctuary.

Pidgin to Da Max

Pidgin to Da Max (full title: Peppo's Pidgin to Da Max) is a humorous illustrated dictionary of Hawaiian Pidgin words and phrases by Douglas Simonson, Pat Sasaki, and Ken Sakata. With the definitions of most of the words and phrases also given in Pidgin, the book is not clearly intended to be used as a Pidgin-English dictionary, although a reader unfamiliar with the dialect would likely understand most of the entries from context and the illustrations. Rather, the book is intended to be a humorous introspective for Hawaiians about the language they speak on a day-to-day basis. As such, it is a relatively popular book in Hawaii, and sold 25,000 copies in its first month in print.

There is an additional volume, titled Pidgin to Da Max: Hana Hou, which follows the first book.

As an example of an entry for which the dictionary may be of little help to outsiders, consider the definition of the word da kine:

DA KINE (da KINE) Da kine is the keystone of pidgin. You can use it anywhere, anytime, anyhow. Very convenient. What would we do without DA KINE? "Ey, I no can da kine if you no like da kine, too!"The dictionary then turns around and uses "da kine" (often a notoriously difficult word for non-Hawaiians to understand) in some of the definitions of other words.

The authors of Pidgin to Da Max are not originally from Hawaii, and Simonson admits to not speaking Pidgin all that well.

Skookum

Skookum is a Chinook Jargon word that has historical use in the Pacific Northwest. It has a range of meanings, commonly associated with an English translation of "strong" or "monstrous". The word can mean "strong", "greatest", "powerful", "ultimate", or "brave". Something can be skookum, meaning "strong" or "monstrously significant". When used in reference to another person, e.g., "he's skookum", it conveys connotations of reliability or a monstrous nature, as well as strength, size or hard-working.

Spectrum OC16

Spectrum OC16 is a Hawaiian TV channel owned by Charter Communications (which acquired Oceanic Time Warner Cable in 2016), based in Honolulu, Hawaii and broadcasts to the state of Hawaii on Oceanic channel 12/digital 1012 for general interests, on channel 16/digital 1016 (also known as Spectrum Sports Hawaii) for sports programming, and on channel 255 for pay-per-view events, particularly University of Hawaii football.

Tim Chapman

Timothy Charles "Youngblood" Chapman (born May 13, 1965 in Ventura, California, USA) is a retired American bounty hunter, known for being one of the stars of A&E TV's Dog the Bounty Hunter, in which he assists Duane "Dog" Chapman track down and capture wanted fugitives.

Windsurfing harness

A windsurfing harness is part of the trapeze used in the sports of windsurfing and kitesurfing to connect the rider to the rig by a line attached to the boom or kitesurfing bar. It consists of a girdle-like contraption that is worn around the body, with a hook for attachment. Hooking-in the harness is done by pulling the sail toward the body and hooking into the harness lines on the boom. The harness turns windsurfing into a long lasting activity, taking the weight of the sail off the arms of the windsurfer.

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