A daïra or daerah (Arabic: دائرة circle; plural dawaïr) is an administrative division in Algeria and Western Sahara in West Africa, as well as Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia in Southeast Asia. It is commonly translated in English as "district".
"Daïra" is the primary spelling variant used in Algeria and Western Sahara. It is a subdivision of wilayah in both countries.
A daerah or district is the primary subdivision of Brunei. There are four daerah, namely Belait, Brunei-Muara, Temburong and Tutong. A daerah is subdivided into mukims (equivalent to subdistricts) and subsequently villages (kampung).
In Indonesia, "daerah" is used as in the term daerah istimewa, which refers to the Special Regions or provinces with special status. There are five Special Regions, namely Aceh, Jakarta, Special Region of Yogyakarta, Papua and West Papua.
A daerah or district is a type of state administrative divisions in Malaysia. It is the primary subdivision of the states in Peninsular Malaysia, where as in Sabah and Sarawak in Malaysian Borneo, it is the secondary subdivision which is below divisions. Regardless, any daerah may be subdivided into mukim.
Agounit (also transliterated Aghouinite, Aghounit, Aghoueinit, Agueinit, Agwenit, Agwanit, Agüenit, Aguanit; Arabic: أغوانيت) is a small town or village in the Río de Oro area of the disputed territory of Western Sahara. It is claimed by Morocco as a rural commune in the Aousserd Province in the region of Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab, but it is to the east of the Moroccan Wall, and thus included in the Polisario Front-held Free Zone of Western Sahara, under the jurisdiction of the Sahrawi Republic, and near the Mauritanian border, 72 km. south-west from Fderik. At the time of the 2004 census, the commune had a total population of 222 people living in 43 households. It has a hospital, a school and a mosque. It is the head of the 7th military region of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
It is also the name of a daïra of the Wilaya of Auserd, in the Sahrawi refugee camps.Ait Irane
Aït Irane (Taqbaylit: French pronunciation: [ath yir'en]), ath yirane (in Kabyle) ⴰⵉⵜ ⵉⵔⴰⵏⴻ in Tifinagh, means izmawen, is one of the villages of the Aït Bouadou commune, also called Ath Vouvaddou or Beni Bouaddou. Aït Bouadou is a commune of the Ouadhia District (daïra) which is a Tizi Ouzou Province (wilaya) in the Kabylie region of Algeria.Ali Daïra
Ali Daïra (born February 2, 1981 in Constantine) is an Algerian football player. He currently plays for CA Batna in the Algerian Ligue Professionnelle 1.Azazga
Azazga is a town in the Tizi Ouzou Province in northern Algeria. It is the third largest Kabyle city, after Béjaïa and Tizi Ouzou. It is the district seat of the so-named Daïra.Aïn El Berd
Aïn El Berd is a commune (baladiyah) in the Aïn El Berd district (daïra) in the Sidi Bel Abbès province (wilayah) of Algeria. It is situated in the northwestern part of the country, in the Hauts Plateaux region, and has a typical Mediterranean climate. Established as an official commune on April 15, 1886, Aïn El Berd is known for its beautiful countryside views and sites, as well as for its vineyards, olive trees, and wheat products. During the French colonial era, the surrounding areas, then called Saint-Marc and Saint-Henri, gave wines of good quality, and in 1889 and 1900 won silver and gold medals, respectively.Aïn El Berd District
Aïn El Berd District is a district (daïra) of Sidi Bel Abbès Province, Algeria. It has a growing population due to high local birth rate and immigration from nearby villages, and has become a large daïra.
The district of Aïn El Berd includes four communes:
Aïn El Berd (the commune)
Sidi HamadoucheMain settlements include:
Aïn El Berd
Oued El Mabtouh
LouzaAïn El Kebira
Aïn El Kebira (in Arabic: عين الكبيرة, formerly Périgotville) is a city located 27 km north far from Sétif. As Ancient Satafis it was a bishopric, which remains a Catholic titular see.
Ain El Kebira is a daïra (district, part of a vilayet (province), comprising several municipalities) in the Algerian regional classification.Bab El Oued District
Bab El Oued is a district in Algiers Province, Algeria. It was named after its capital, Bab El Oued.Bir Lehlou
Bir Lehlou (also transliterated Bir Lahlou, Bir Lehlu Arabic: بير لحلو; Berber: Bir Leḥlu, ⴱⵉⵔ ⵍⴻⵃⵍⵓ) is an oasis town in north-eastern Western Sahara, 236 km from Smara, near the Mauritanian border and east of the border wall, in Polisario Front-held territory. It has a dispensary, a school and a mosque. It is the head of the 5th military region of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic and was the factual temporary capital of SADR until Tifariti became the temporary capital in 2008. It is also the name of a Daïra of the Wilaya of Smara, in the Sahrawi refugee camps.
The name "Bir Lehlou" is transcribed from Maghrebi Arabic, and means "the sweet water well". The Modern Standard Arabic transcription would be "bir al Halou" (بئر الحلو)Bordj Bounaama
Bordj Bounaama is a small, mountainous town of about 25,000 inhabitants in the heart of the Ouarsenis mountains in northwestern Algeria. The city is a commune and a daïra of the wilaya of Tissemsilt. It was known as Molière during the French occupation of Algeria (1830–1962), and then as Beni Hendel until 1975. The city is elevated 1098 m above sea level and is attached to Sid Aamar (le Grand Pic) of the Ouarsenis mountains, which rises to 1985 m.
After independence from France, the city held the name Beni Hendel, which was a Berber tribe living in the area several centuries ago. After 1975 the city took its current name, Bordj Bounaama, in memorial to the martyr Si M'hamed Bounaama (also known as Djilali Bounaama) who was born in the city in 1926, and who was the head of the fourth region during the Algerian War of Independence against the French Army (1954–1962) before being killed in Blida on August 8, 1961.
Bordj Bounaama was part of the Departement d'Oran during the French occupation, before joining Al-Asnam (now Chlef) after independence. With the change of name in 1975, it joined the wilaya of Tiaret, before becoming part of the wilaya of Tissemsilt created during administrative redistribution in 1984.Districts of Algeria
The provinces of Algeria are divided into 547 districts (daïras). The capital of a district is called a district seat (chef-lieu de daïra). Each District is further divided into one or more municipalities (baladiyahs).
Algiers, the national capital, is the only city in the country which is divided into districts (and municipalities), and the only one which is a province itself. This means that its neighborhoods and suburbs have the same status as those of smaller cities or villages elsewhere in the country.
The administration of a district is assigned to a district chief (chef de daïra) who is chosen by the Algerian president. The district chief, like the wilaya chief, is an unelected political position.
Algeria's districts were created as arrondissements when Algeria was a colony of France and they had a status equal to those of mainland France. They were, like France's arrondissements, part of départements, which are further part of a région (which was called a territory, térritoire, in French Algeria). They were maintained 6 years after the country's independence (until 1968) when they were renamed "daïras" and had their functions slightly changed.Districts of Western Sahara
The daïras of Western Sahara are a subdivision of a wilaya; however, as Morocco is administrating much of Western Sahara, these are operational only at the Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf.
Wilaya of Laayoune : Hagunia, Amgala, Daora, Bucraa, Edchera and Guelta.
Wilaya of Smara: Hauza, Ejdairia, Farsia, Mahbes, Bir Lehlu and Tifariti.
Wilaya of Auserd: Agüenit, Zug, Mijec, Bir Guenduz, Güera and Tichla.
Wilaya of Dakhla: Jraifia, Argub, Umdreiga, Bojador, Glaibat el Fula, Ain Beida and Bir Enzaran.El Fehoul
El Fehoul is a town and commune in Tlemcen Province in northwestern Algeria. As of the 2008 census it had a population of 7,045.El Fehoul is located in the daïra of Remchi and the wilaya of Tlemcen. Surrounded by Sebaa Chioukh , Aïn Youcef and Bensekrane, El Fehoul is located 8 km northeast of Aïn Youcef, the largest city in the vicinity.
It is located 253 meters above sea level. Its geographical coordinates are: Latitude: 35 ° 7 '4 "North,
Longitude: 1 ° 20' 3 "West.Lazharia
Lazharia is a town, commune and daïra in Tissemsilt Province in northern Algeria. It is located about 74km west of Tissemsilt and at 45 km of Chlef.
The daïra of Lazharia consists of three communes: Lazharia, Boucaid and Larbaa The city is located at about 1000m above sea level on the western flanc of the Ouarsenis mountains. The city is populated mainly by berbere tribes: Beni Hendel and Beni Boukhanous.Merouana
Merouana (Tamazight: Tamerwant) is a city in Batna Province, Algeria. It is situated around 40 km from Batna City, and is inhabited by the Chaoui Berbers. Merouana is one of the oldest local daïras (districts). It is the capital of the Belzma Plain and Belzma National Park.Provinces of Algeria
Algeria is divided into 48 wilayas (provinces) and 1541 baladiyahs (municipalities, in French: commune). The capital city of a baladiyah, daïra, or province (which is also the largest city of those) always gives those entities their name, even Algiers, the capital of the country gave it its name (El Djazayar, the Arabic name for both the city and the country).
According to the Algerian constitution, a wilaya is a territorial collectivity enjoying economic and diplomatic freedom, the APW, or "Popular Provincial Parliament/Provincial Popular Parliament" (the Assemblée Populaire Wilayale, in French) is the political entity governing a province, directed by the "Wali" (Governor), who is chosen by the Algerian President to handle the APW's decisions, the APW has also a president, who is elected by the members of the APW, which is elected by Algerians.Tabelbala
Tabelbala (Arabic: تبلبالة, Korandje: tsawərbəts) is a town and commune between Béchar and Tindouf in south-western Algeria, and is the capital, and only significant settlement, of the Daïra of the same name, encompassing most of the south-western half of Béchar Province. As of the 2008 census, its population was 5,121, up from 4,663 in 1998, with an annual growth rate of 1.0%. The commune covers an area of 60,560 square kilometres (23,380 sq mi), making it by far the largest commune in the province, as well as the least densely populated.Tabelbala is notable for being the only town in Algeria to speak a language neither Arabic nor Berber, namely Korandje, which is spoken by about 3,000 people. Most of the other population are descendants of twentieth-century immigrants to the oasis.Thénia
Thénia (sometimes incorrectly written as Thenia), with around 40,000 inhabitants, is the chief town in the daïra of the same name, in the wilaya of Boumerdès, in Kabylie in northern Algeria. The name derives from the Berber phrase Tizi n At Aycha (via the Arabic, Theniet Beni Aicha), which means "the mountain pass of the Aycha tribe"—the prefix "At" means "tribe" in Berber. The steep-sided pass, which is only about 800 metres wide at its narrowest point, marks the transition between the Mitidja and the Grande Kabylie.Tindouf Province
Tindouf, also written Tinduf (Arabic: ولاية تندوف), is the westernmost province of Algeria, having a population of 58,193 as of the 2008 census (not including the Sahrawi refugees at the Sahrawi refugee camps). Its population in reality could be as high as 160,000 because of the Sahrawi refugee camps. Despite the barren landscape, Tindouf is a resource-rich province, with important quantities of iron ore located in the Gara Djebilet area close to the border with Mauritania. Prior to Algerian independence, the area served as a strongpoint of several tribes of the nomadic Reguibat confederation.
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English translations given are those most commonly used.
Designations for types of administrative territorial entities
1 Used by ten or more countries or having derived terms. Historical derivations in italics.