DVB-S

Digital Video Broadcasting – Satellite (DVB-S) is the original DVB standard for Satellite Television and dates from 1995, in its first release, while development lasted from 1993 to 1997. The first commercial application was by Galaxy in Australia, enabling digitally broadcast, satellite-delivered Television to the public.

It is used via satellites serving every continent of the world. DVB-S is used in both Multiple Channel Per Carrier (MCPC) and Single channel per carrier modes for Broadcast Network feeds as well as for direct-broadcast satellite services like Sky (UK & Ireland) via Astra in Europe, Dish Network and Globecast in the U.S. and Bell TV in Canada.

While the actual DVB-S standard only specifies physical link characteristics and framing, the overlaid transport stream delivered by DVB-S is mandated as MPEG-2, known as MPEG transport stream (MPEG-TS).

Some amateur television repeaters also use this mode in the 1.2 GHz amateur band.

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1LIVE

1LIVE is a radio network by the Westdeutscher Rundfunk public broadcasting corporation in Germany. It specialises in popular music aimed at the 14-39 age bracket. The average age of listeners is 34.

3/24

3/24 (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈtɾɛz ˌβintiˈkwatɾə]) is the first and only 24-hour rolling news and information service in Catalonia, operated by Televisió de Catalunya (TVC). It is part of the five channel DVB-T multiplex of TVC. Currently, it broadcasts in digital terrestrial (DVB-T) and cable (DVB-C) television. Analogue broadcasting (PAL) was shut down on 3 April 2010.

Although satellite (DVB-S) broadcasting was initially considered, it was discarded due to the high cost of uploading the channel stream into satellites.

AlphaStar

AlphaStar Digital Television was a direct-to-home satellite broadcasting service for the United States market developed by Canadian firm Tee-Comm Electronics. It was the first direct-to-home satellite broadcasting service in the United States to use the internationally accepted DVB-S broadcasting standard and used 39" satellite dish receivers. AlphaStar service launched in July 1996 but was discontinued completely by September 1997 with 40,000 subscribers as the company went through bankruptcy proceedings. The American assets of AlphaStar continue to be used under the auspices of the Champion Telecom Platform which also continues to own the AlphaStar brand. AlphaStar would also have alleviated a shortage of Canadian satellite capacity by using foreign (US) satellite capacity to fill Canadian needs—indeed this was a requirement for the Canadian company to obtain its license from Canada to commence broadcasting. Tee-Comm, the parent company of AlphaStar had originally co-founded the partnership that created ExpressVu (later Bell TV) as technology supplier but later divested all interest in ExpressVu.

BVN

BVN (Het beste van Vlaanderen en Nederland, "The best of Flanders and the Netherlands"), is a Dutch free-to-air television channel providing Dutch and Flemish public-service television to viewers around the world.

It is a joint venture by the public broadcasting company of the Netherlands, Nederlandse Publieke Omroep (NPO); and that of the Flemish part of Belgium, the Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroep (VRT).

BVN has grown to become a major international channel with worldwide coverage.

DVB-S2

Digital Video Broadcasting - Satellite - Second Generation (DVB-S2) is a digital television broadcast standard that has been designed as a successor for the popular DVB-S system. It was developed in 2003 by the DVB Project, an international industry consortium, and ratified by ETSI (EN 302307) in March 2005. The standard is based on, and improves upon DVB-S and the electronic news-gathering (or Digital Satellite News Gathering) system, used by mobile units for sending sounds and images from remote locations worldwide back to their home television stations.

DVB-S2 is envisaged (contemplate) for broadcast services including standard and HDTV, interactive services including Internet access, and (professional) data content distribution. The development of DVB-S2 coincided with the introduction of HDTV and H.264 (MPEG-4 AVC) video codecs.

Two new key features that were added compared to the DVB-S standard are:

A powerful coding scheme based on a modern LDPC code. For low encoding complexity, the LDPC codes chosen have a special structure, also known as Irregular Repeat-Accumulate codes.

VCM (Variable Coding and Modulation) and ACM (Adaptive Coding and Modulation) modes, which allow optimizing bandwidth utilization by dynamically changing transmission parameters.Other features include enhanced modulation schemes up to 32APSK, additional code rates, and the introduction of a generic transport mechanism for IP packet data including MPEG-4 audio–video streams, while supporting backward compatibility with existing MPEG-2 TS based transmission.

DVB-S2 achieves significantly better performance than its predecessors – mainly allowing for an increase of available bitrate over the same satellite transponder bandwidth. The measured DVB-S2 performance gain over DVB-S is around 30% at the same satellite transponder bandwidth and emitted signal power. When the contribution of improvements in video compression is added, an (MPEG-4 AVC) HDTV service can now be delivered in the same bandwidth that supported an early DVB-S based MPEG-2 SDTV service only a decade before.

In March 2014, DVB-S2X specification has been published by DVB Project as an optional extension adding further improvements.

DVB Dream

DVB Dream is a proprietary software for watching & recording of digital TV & radio with help of a digital TV tuner card (Internal PCI / PCI-Express cards or external USB devices). It supports the standards DVB-S (satellite), DVB-C (cable), DVB-T (terrestrial), ISDB-T, ISDB-S and ATSC.

It has STB-like features including PIP (Picture-in-picture), record, Timeshift, EPG, Scheduler, Unicable support, Positioner support(including GotoX.X / USALS), UHD(4K)/HD/HEVC/H264 support, child lock, remote control support.

There are also features that cannot be seen on STBs but provided with help of flexible Windows GUI environment. These are: Multi PIP(watching more than 1 channel at the same time)), Multi record (recording more than 1 channel at the same time), LAN Streaming, VLC or MPC Integration, Auto-zap, Unique channel list system by grouping/ordering/filtering by several flexible options, Render-less mode, Multi monitor support, Command line support, Plugins support.

Being a Windows application, user interface can be customized with help of themes and foldable GUI elements. It can be localized in most of the languages (29 languages are supported, as in 2015).

Digital Satellite Service

Digital Satellite System is the initialism expansion of the DSS digital satellite television transmission system used by DirecTV. Only when digital transmission was introduced did direct broadcast satellite (DBS) television become popular in North America, which has led to both DBS and DSS being used interchangeably to refer to all three commonplace digital transmission formats - DSS, DVB-S and 4DTV. Analog DBS services, however, existed prior to DirecTV and were still operational in continental Europe until April 2012.At the time of DirecTV's launch in 1994, the DVB-S digital satellite system in use in the majority of the world had not yet been standardised, the Thomson developed DSS system was used instead.

While functionally similar in DVB-S - MPEG 2 video, MPEG-1 Layer II or AC3 audio, QPSK modulation, and identical error correction (Reed-Solomon coding and Viterbi forward error correction), the transport stream and information tables are entirely different from those of DVB. Also unlike DVB, all DSS receivers are proprietary DirecTV reception units.

DirecTV is now using a modified version of DVB-S2, the latest version of the DVB-S protocol, for HDTV services off the SPACEWAY-1, SPACEWAY-2, DirecTV-10 and DirecTV-11 satellites; however, huge numbers of DSS encoded channels still remain. The ACM modulation scheme used by DirecTV prevents regular DVB-S2 demodulators from receiving the signal although the data carried are regular MPEG-4 transport streams.

Digital Video Broadcasting

Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) is a set of international open standards for digital television. DVB standards are maintained by the DVB Project, an international industry consortium, and are published by a Joint Technical Committee (JTC) of the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC) and European Broadcasting Union (EBU).

FTA receiver

A free-to-air or FTA Receiver is a satellite television receiver designed to receive unencrypted broadcasts. Modern decoders are typically compliant with the MPEG-2/DVB-S and more recently the MPEG-4/DVB-S2 standard for digital television, while older FTA receivers relied on analog satellite transmissions which have declined rapidly in recent years.

List of World Rally Championship broadcasters

This is a List of World Rally Championship broadcasters.

List of radio stations in Germany

The List of radio stations in Germany lists all radio stations broadcast in Germany, sorted first by legal status, then by area. Excluded from this list are Internet-only and cable-only radio stations.

The abbreviations LW, MW, SW, FM, DVB-S, DVB-T, DAB and DRM indicate the systems the radio station uses for broadcasting.

List of radio stations in Italy

The following is a list of national radio stations broadcast in Italy.

Radio Suisse Romande

The Radio suisse romande (RSR) was an enterprise unit within public-broadcasting corporation SRG SSR. It is responsible for the production and transmission of French-language radio programmes in Switzerland. RSR's headquarters are situated in Lausanne. Radio suisse romande and Télévision suisse romande merged in 2010 to create Radio Télévision Suisse.

RSR broadcasts on four radio channels:

La 1ère – news, talk, and general programming

Espace 2 – culture and classical music

Couleur 3 – youth-oriented programming

Option Musique – music ("the hits of yesterday and today")These channels are broadcast on FM as well as via Digital Audio Broadcasting and satellite (DVB-S). Up until 5 December 2010, Option Musique was also available on AM at 765 kHz from the Sottens transmitter.

Radio ffn

Radio ffn is a commercial radio station operated by Funk & Fernsehen Nordwestdeutschland GmbH & Co. KG in Lower Saxony, Germany. It broadcasts from regional studios in Braunschweig, Göttingen, Hanover (station HQ), Lüneburg, Oldenburg, and Osnabrück.

The station's managing director is Harald Gehrung and its program chief is Ina Tenz.

As well as transmitting on FM and satellite (DVB-S) ffn has since 2010 also been receivable via iPhone and iPad, with separate apps for each device.

Retro Jams

Retro Jams was a music video network that played music videos from the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, and early 1990s. Established in 2007, it was owned and operated by now-defunct Equity Media Holdings. Retro Jams was formerly carried full-time as a free-to-air TV channel on Galaxy 18 (Ku band DVB-S, 123°W) and on various Equity-owned terrestrial low-power television stations nationwide.

The "Retro Jams" name and branding have also been used as of 2008 by Retro Television Network to refer to two individual programming blocks, "Retro Jams" and "Retro Jams by Request".

SKY PerfecTV!

SKY PerfecTV! (スカパー!, Sukapā!) is a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service that provides satellite television, audio programming, and interactive television services to households in Japan, owned by parent company SKY Perfect JSAT Corporation.

SKY PerfecTV! is also a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service. While SKY PerfecTV! Premium Service use DVB-S and DVB-S2, SKY PerfecTV! Basic Service use ISDB-S.

TRT Türk

TRT Türk is the international TV channel of the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation, which is broadcast to other countries.

TRT Türk’s task is to enhance the understanding of the possibilities Turkey and Turkic republics may possess or take advantage of in various fields through the programs aiming at the Caucasus and central Asia. The task is also promoting the image of Turkish people in a multi-dimensional way. TRT Türk has been intended to become the Turkic World’s common channel. Within this framework the channel is planning to schedule programs produced by other Turkic republics along with joint-productions.

TRT Türk is broadcasting comprise education, culture, drama, entertainment, music programs and news with commercial breaks. If required, commercials in the indigenous languages of the countries are allowed within the scope of transmission.

TRT Türk is broadcast in modern Turkish language. Programmes can be broadcast with the addition of subtitles in foreign languages or different dialects of Turkish. Besides, various types of programs are listed systematically that are planned to be broadcast as reduplicated through the multi-language dubbing technique within the framework of DVB-S standards.

On the March 21, 2009 TRT Avaz replaced TRT Türk for Turkic countries.

Viasat Ukraine

Viasat Ukraine is a Ukrainian direct broadcast satellite television distributor. It is owned by "Vision TV" which is a joint venture between the Strong Media Group (SMG) and the Swedish Modern Times Group (MTG). It competes with NTV Plus Ukraine and Poverkhnost which broadcast on the Eutelsat system.

The service was launched April 21, 2008 using DVB-S & DVB-S2 transponders on the Astra 4A, Hot Bird and AMOS satellites to broadcast channels compressed with MPEG-2 & MPEG-4 AVC codecs.

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