DKT International (DKT) is a charitable non-profit organization that promotes family planning and HIV prevention through social marketing. The Washington, D.C.-based DKT was founded in 1989 by Phil Harvey and operates in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Its revenue largely comes from sales of low-cost contraceptives. In 2017, DKT sold over 666 million condoms, 96 million cycles of oral contraceptives, 20.7 million injectable contraceptives and 3.5 million intrauterine devices (IUDs). This is equivalent to 36 million couple years of protection (CYPs), making DKT one of the largest private providers of contraceptives in the developing world. The average cost per CYP was less than US$2.00. DKT's marketing strategies have included advertising, creating location-specific brands, working with local social networks and militaries, and targeting high-risk groups. DKT also works with health workers and clinics that provide family planning products, information, and services. Charity Navigator has given DKT a four-star rating for its finances, with 98.1% of its budget going towards programs and 1.9% towards headquarters expenses and fund raising in 2016.
|Focus||Family planning and HIV/AIDS prevention|
|Africa, Asia, Latin America|
|Method||Social marketing of family planning and HIV/AIDS products and services|
President & CEO
Phil Harvey became interested in family planning in 1968 while working on emergency food relief for CARE International in India. In 1970, he and his fellow UNC student Tim Black founded the business Adam & Eve in order to finance their charitable activities, and also founded the non-profit health organization Population Services International that same year. DKT International, named for D.K. Tyagi, an early pioneer of family planning in India, was founded in 1989. DKT has grown rapidly over the years; its revenue from selling contraceptives increased from US$4.5 million in 1996 to $120.5 million in 2016, and its couple years of protection increased from 5.7 million in 2002 to more than 36 million in 2017.
In 2006, DKT International refused to take the U.S. government's anti-prostitution pledge, feeling the pledge would interfere with its HIV/AIDS services worldwide. DKT challenged the pledge as a violation of First Amendment rights, with the support of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). Judge Emmet G. Sullivan ruled in favor of DKT in the District Court for the District of Columbia on 18 May 2006, but the D. C. Court of Appeals reversed the decision on 27 February 2007. A different organization successfully challenged the pledge before the U.S. Supreme Court in Agency for International Development v. Alliance for Open Society International, Inc.
On 31 December 2013, Phil Harvey stepped down as president after 24 years, replaced by Christopher Purdy. Its board includes Robert Ciszewski, Carlos Garcia, Christopher Purdy, Julie Stewart and Harvey, who also serves as chair of the board. In 2016, 53.2.3% of DKT's revenue was from contraceptive sales and related services, 43.1% from grants and contracts and 3.7% from investment and other income. 58.8% of expenses were related to program costs, 39.3% to contraceptive costs, 1.7% to headquarters expense and other, and 0.2% to fundraising. Revenue from contraceptive sales first exceeded donor support in 2005.
As of 2018, DKT International's donors include: Aman Foundation, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Children's Investment Fund Foundation, David and Lucile Packard Foundation, U.K. Department for International Development (DFID), Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Erik and Edith Bergstrom Foundation, Government of India, Government of Norway, KfW Development Bank, National Philanthropic Trust, National Postcode Lottery (Netherlands), Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD), Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), WestWind Foundation, William and Flora Hewlett Foundation and anonymous donors.
|Program||Geographical area||Year created||2017 CYPs||Additional info|
|Brazil||Latin America||1991||1,428,706||Program description|
|Democratic Republic of Congo||Africa||2009||1,194,704||Program description|
|India - Bihar (Janani)||Asia||1996||1,858,053||Program description|
|India - Mumbai||Asia||1992||4,924,383||Program description|
|Mexico||Latin America||2003||1,802,040||Program description|
|Women First Project||Global||2014||1,514|
|West and Central Africa||Africa||2015||430,770||Program description|