DJ Screw

Robert Earl Davis Jr. (July 20, 1971 – November 16, 2000), better known by his stage name DJ Screw, was an American hip hop DJ based in Houston, Texas, and best known as the creator of the now-famous chopped and screwed DJ technique.[1] He was a central and influential figure in the Houston hip hop community and was the leader of Houston's Screwed Up Click.

Davis released over 200 mixtapes and was recognized as an innovator mostly on a regional level until his death of codeine overdose in 2000.[1] His legacy was discovered by a wider audience around 2005, and has gone on to influence a wide variety of artists.

DJ Screw
DJ Screw.jpeg
Background information
Birth nameRobert Earl Davis Jr.
BornJuly 20, 1971
Smithville, Texas, U.S
DiedNovember 16, 2000 (aged 29)
Houston, Texas, U.S.
Genres
Occupation(s)
Instruments
  • Turntables
  • vocals
Years active1983–2000
Labels
  • Screwed Up
  • Bigtyme
  • Wreckshop
Associated acts

Biography

Early life

Robert Earl Davis, Jr. was born in Smithville, Texas. His father, Robert Earl Davis Sr., was a veteran adult film actor with aids based in Houston. His mother Ida May Deary (who had a young daughter from a previous marriage), came to the area to be with her mother when her son was born in 1971. She returned to Houston, but the marriage was floundering; soon it would be over, and she and her kids moved to Los Angeles for a couple of years, then back to Houston, and returned to Smithville in 1980 when Davis was age nine.[2]

When young, DJ Screw had aspirations of being a truck driver like his father, but seeing the 1984 hit break dancing movie Breakin' and discovering his mother's turntable attracted him to music. His admiration of classical music drove him to resume piano lessons. After seven years of practice, he was able to play works like Chopin's Etude in C major by ear. His musical interest shifted as he took his mother's B.B. King and Johnnie Taylor records and scratched them on the turntable the way DJs did, slowing the spinning disc and then allowing it to speed back up, playing with sound.

Davis began buying records of his own and would spin with his friend Trey Adkins, who would rhyme. "Screw had a jam box and he hooked up two turntables to it and made a fader out of the radio tuner so he could deejay." Adkins said if Robert Earl didn't like a record, he would deface it with a screw. One day Adkins asked him, "Who do you think you are, DJ Screw?" Robert Earl liked the sound of that and, in turn, gave his long-time friend a new name: Shorty Mac.[2]

Career

Davis began DJing at age 12 in 1983, and started his trademark slowed-down mixes in 1990, the style became his main focus in late 1991 – early 1992. The mixes began as special compilations requested by friends and those in the know. He soon made them available for sale when his close friend Toe offered to buy a mix from him for ten dollars. At that point, customers had increasingly begun requesting his more well-known mixes instead of personalized lists. During the early 1990s, he invited some of the Houston MCs from the city's south side to rhyme on those mixes.[3] This coalition of emcees eventually became the fathers of the Screwed Up Click. Many members of the Screwed Up Click, or S.U.C., are considered key figures in the canon of Houston hip hop. The original lineup included Big Hawk, Big Moe, E.S.G., and Fat Pat, among others. The crew later gained then upcoming artists such as, Z-Ro , Trae tha Truth as well as Lil Flip.[4] His career began to advance once he met Russell Washington of BigTyme Recordz and signed to the label.

Davis later moved to a house in the 7600 block of Greenstone Street near Gulfgate Mall. Fans, some driving from far away areas such as Dallas and Waco, lined up at his door to obtain his recordings. He started his own business and opened a shop up on 7717 Cullen Blvd in Houston, TX, called Screwed Up Records and Tapes. It has been shown in numerous music videos and documentaries as well as independent films. In the early 2010s, this location closed. It has since been relocated to 3538 West Fuqua, Houston, TX. Fans may also purchase merchandise, including mixtapes, on the S.U.C. website.[5] There are now several Screwed Up Records and Tapes spread out through Texas, including one in Beaumont and in Austin.[2]

Death

On November 16, 2000, Davis was found dead inside of his Houston recording studio in the 8100 block of Commerce Park Drive.[6] Fans speculated about the true cause of his death.[7] When the coroner reports were released, they confirmed that he died of a codeine overdose in addition to mixed drug intoxication. The codeine came from a prescription-strength cough syrup that he would mix with soda to concoct purple drank. In addition to codeine, Valium and PCP were found in his blood.[2] His funeral took place at Mount Pilgrim Baptist Church in his hometown of Smithville, Texas.[2]

Legacy

DJ Screw has been a considerable influence in the Houston scene and beyond, "helping to cement his legacy as an underappreciated avant-gardist, creator of a sui generis sound that’s still growing and mutating."[8] Texas governor Rick Perry honored him by making him an official Texas Music Pioneer.[9] The Houston Press named the 1995 album 3 'n the Mornin' (Part Two) as no. 13 on its list of the 25 best Houston rap albums of all time,[10] crediting the release for the way it helped shape Houston's hip-hop culture. When the Houston hip-hop scene became nationally prominent in 2004, many of the biggest acts could be traced to DJ Screw's crew, the Screwed Up Click. Many artists outside of Houston rap have been influenced by Screw's work, including experimental electronic artists such as Oneohtrix Point Never, Balam Acab, How to Dress Well,[8] and Rabit.

The genre sown by DJ Screw has since evolved into a Houston-based subculture that is associated with the recreational consumption of codeine, opulent jewelry and elaborate vintage vehicles. Screw has also left behind a cult following of listeners who self-identify as "screwheads". A music festival and car show in honor of DJ Screw was set up in 2006. The inaugural DJ Screwfest featured 200 vehicles and a set list featuring notable Houston hip-hop acts like Trae and Chingo Bling. The first festival took place at the Pasadena County Fairgrounds. The 2007 documentary film Screwed In Houston, produced by VBS/Vice Magazine, details the history of the Houston hip hop scene and the influence of the chopped and screwed sub-culture on Houston hip hop. The 5-part series devotes one full episode to DJ Screw and includes video footage of him days before his death. The University of Houston Libraries Houston Hip Hop Research Collection [11] includes the DJ Screw Papers [12] including approximately 1500 vinyl records owned by DJ Screw, original DJ Screw recordings, photographs, handwritten track lists, and more. Some of these materials have been digitized.

Discography

Nationally distributed albums before death

Year Title Label
1995 All Screwed Up, Vol. II Bigtyme Recordz
1998 3 'N The Mornin' (Part Two) Bigtyme Recordz
1999 All Work No Play Jam Down Records
1999 Disc 2 of SPM's Power Moves The Table Dope House Records

Nationally distributed albums after death

Year Title Label
2001 The Legend Bigtyme Recordz
2002 All Work No Play, Vol. 2 Reliant Entertainment
2002 Soldiers United For Cash TJ Music/REL Entertainment, LLC

Nationally distributed documentary films

Year Title Label
2001 Soldiers United for Cash VHS REL Entertainment, LLC
2004 Soldiers United for Cash (Collector's Edition) DVD REL Entertainment, LLC
2007 Untold Story

Official Screwtape mixtape series

The "Screwtapes" were mixtapes that DJ Screw made himself and mainly sold from his house or when traveling to do shows. Many of his friends freestyled and spoke over the instrumentals and songs.

The mixtapes were re-released after his death in 2000 and given "Diary of the Originator: Chapter" titles. Despite this, they were not re-released chronologically. The works date between 1993 and 2000. New chapters continued to be released.

  • Chapter 001: Done Deal
  • Chapter 002: Tales From Tha 4
  • Chapter 003: Duck Sick
  • Chapter 004: Choppin’ Game Wit Toe
  • Chapter 005: Still A G At 27
  • Chapter 006: Down South Hustlers
  • Chapter 007: Ballin’ In Da Mall
  • Chapter 008: Let’s Call Up On Drank
  • Chapter 009: Makin’ Cash Forever
  • Chapter 010: Southside Still Holdin
  • Chapter 011: Headed 2 Da Classic
  • Chapter 012: June 27th
  • Chapter 013: Leanin On A Switch
  • Chapter 014: Sippin’ Codeine
  • Chapter 015: The Next Episode
  • Chapter 016: Late Night Fuckin’ Yo Bitch
  • Chapter 017: Show Up And Pour Up
  • Chapter 018: Killuminati
  • Chapter 019: ‘N 2 Deep
  • Chapter 020: Crumbs To Bricks
  • Chapter 021: The World Is Mine
  • Chapter 022: P’s And Q’s
  • Chapter 023: Dancing Candy
  • Chapter 024: 9 Months Later
  • Chapter 025: Unpredictable
  • Chapter 026: Blowin’ Big Behind Tint
  • Chapter 027: Plots And Schemes
  • Chapter 028: Worldwide Southside
  • Chapter 029: Saturday Nite Live
  • Chapter 030: G Love
  • Chapter 031: 2000 Tears
  • Chapter 032: G-Code
  • Chapter 033: G’d Up Shit
  • Chapter 034: It’s A Dirty World
  • Chapter 035: Charge It To The Game
  • Chapter 036: Who Next With Plex
  • Chapter 037: 10201
  • Chapter 038: Headed 2 Da League
  • Chapter 039: One Life To Live
  • Chapter 040: Yellowstone vs. The Nation
  • Chapter 041: Ghetto Fabulous
  • Chapter 042: Popped Up Smoked Up
  • Chapter 043: Independence Day
  • Chapter 044: Eyes On The Prize
  • Chapter 045: 100% Business
  • Chapter 046: Syrup and Soda
  • Chapter 047: Pussy, Weed And Alcohol
  • Chapter 048: Gallon 1
  • Chapter 049: Codeine Fiend
  • Chapter 050: Money Over Bitches
  • Chapter 051: 9 Fo Shit
  • Chapter 052: Only Rollin’ Red
  • Chapter 053: Y 2 Grey
  • Chapter 054: No Haters Allowed
  • Chapter 055: Back On The Streets
  • Chapter 056: Blue Ova Grey
  • Chapter 057: Wineberry Over Gold
  • Chapter 058: You Don’t Work You Don’t Eat
  • Chapter 059: Southside Most Wanted
  • Chapter 060: All Day In The Trey
  • Chapter 061: Niggas Can’t See Me
  • Chapter 062: Dead End Hustler For Life
  • Chapter 063: Mourn U Till I Join You
  • Chapter 064: Locked N Da Game
  • Chapter 065: Road To Riches
  • Chapter 066: Layed Back Rollin
  • Chapter 067: Back In Tha Deck
  • Chapter 068: Tre World
  • Chapter 069: Southside Riders
  • Chapter 070: Endonesia
  • Chapter 071: The Final Chapter
  • Chapter 072: Off The Head
  • Chapter 073: Don’t Make Dollars Don’t Make Sense
  • Chapter 074: Mash For My Dream
  • Chapter 075: Ridin’ High
  • Chapter 076: Black Hearted
  • Chapter 077: Only The Real
  • Chapter 078: Nobody Does It Better
  • Chapter 079: Ain’t Nuthin’ Better
  • Chapter 080: Hold Ya Head
  • Chapter 081: Screwed Up Texas
  • Chapter 082: 98 Live
  • Chapter 083: Ball 2 U Fall
  • Chapter 084: Str8 Puttin’ It Down
  • Chapter 085: Riches Over Bitches
  • Chapter 086: Gees Nite Out
  • Chapter 087: Shinnin’ Like The Sun
  • Chapter 088: Blasphemy
  • Chapter 089: Outlaws
  • Chapter 090: 4th Of July
  • Chapter 091: Take It How You Wanna
  • Chapter 092: Back N Yo Ear
  • Chapter 093: Da Reunion
  • Chapter 094: Still Hoopin’
  • Chapter 095: Sittin’ On Top Of The World
  • Chapter 096: Can’t Hold Ya Hand
  • Chapter 097: Players Choppin Game
  • Chapter 098: Four Corners Of The World
  • Chapter 099: Shot Callin’
  • Chapter 100: Platinum Shit
  • Chapter 101: Graduation 99
  • Chapter 102: 3 Years Later
  • Chapter 103: Popped Up Sittin Low
  • Chapter 104: Sittin’ Sideways
  • Chapter 105: Everyday Allday
  • Chapter 106: On A Pint
  • Chapter 107: It’s All Good
  • Chapter 108: 3 ‘N Da Mornin’
  • Chapter 109: Einstein
  • Chapter 110: Feel My Pain
  • Chapter 111: Shit Don’t Stop
  • Chapter 112: Jammin’ Screw
  • Chapter 113: Barre
  • Chapter 114: Bow Down
  • Chapter 115: Down And Out
  • Chapter 116: Straight From The Heart
  • Chapter 117: Return Of The Red
  • Chapter 118: Laftex
  • Chapter 119: No Drank
  • Chapter 120: 10 Deep
  • Chapter 121: Another Day Another Dollar
  • Chapter 122: Facin’ Time
  • Chapter 123: Snitches
  • Chapter 124: Hurricane Duck
  • Chapter 125: Ooh Wee Man
  • Chapter 126: If The Price Is Right
  • Chapter 127: Southside Holdin’
  • Chapter 128: It’s Gonna Get Better
  • Chapter 129: In Yo Face
  • Chapter 130: Back 2 The Lab
  • Chapter 131: Syrup Sippers
  • Chapter 132: Can’t Fade It
  • Chapter 133: Money By The Ton
  • Chapter 134: Hard Times
  • Chapter 135: Steady Dippin’
  • Chapter 136: Da Funk Is On Your Mind
  • Chapter 137: Blue 22
  • Chapter 138: Are U Still Down
  • Chapter 139: 2 Liters
  • Chapter 140: Symptoms Of A Thug
  • Chapter 141: Another Platinum Hit
  • Chapter 142: All Work No Play
  • Chapter 143: Million Dollar Boys
  • Chapter 144: Heavy ‘N Tha Game
  • Chapter 145: S.U.C. For Life
  • Chapter 146: Only Time Will Tell
  • Chapter 147: Niggas & Flys
  • Chapter 148: Do You Feel Me
  • Chapter 149: Beatin Up Da Block
  • Chapter 150: Mind On My Money
  • Chapter 151: Mo Money
  • Chapter 152: Pullin’ On Yo Curve
  • Chapter 153: Drankin’ On A Gallon
  • Chapter 154: Pop Trunk
  • Chapter 155: No Love
  • Chapter 156: 100 Minutes Of Realness
  • Chapter 157: Goin’ Fed
  • Chapter 158: Squarin’ It Off
  • Chapter 159: Out The Shop
  • Chapter 160: Hail Mary
  • Chapter 161: Same Ol’ G
  • Chapter 162: Unlady Like
  • Chapter 163: Mashing ‘N Millenium Mode
  • Chapter 164: Southside Connection
  • Chapter 165: Street Fame
  • Chapter 166: Telephone Love
  • Chapter 167: A Million Dollars Later
  • Chapter 168: No Time For Bullshit
  • Chapter 169: Still Standing
  • Chapter 170: Wreckshop
  • Chapter 171: Freestyle Kings
  • Chapter 172: Straight Wreckin’
  • Chapter 173: 99 Live
  • Chapter 174: D.E.A. Bootcamp
  • Chapter 175: Players Ball
  • Chapter 176: Robin St. 4 Life
  • Chapter 177: In God We Trust
  • Chapter 178: In The Zone
  • Chapter 179: Mind Over Matter
  • Chapter 180: 3 ‘N Da Morning Pt. II
  • Chapter 181: Grey In The Deck
  • Chapter 182: Ridin’ Dirty
  • Chapter 183: In The Do
  • Chapter 184: Going Hard
  • Chapter 185: Staying Down
  • Chapter 186: Thug Life
  • Chapter 187: Dead End Representative
  • Chapter 188: Pay Like U Way
  • Chapter 189: Another Day Another Dub
  • Chapter 190: 3-4 Action
  • Chapter 191: Southsiders
  • Chapter 192: High Till I Die
  • Chapter 193: Something 4 Dat Trunk
  • Chapter 194: Thangs Done Changed
  • Chapter 195: Fear No Man
  • Chapter 196: Sugar Hill
  • Chapter 197: Elmtree Crawfish
  • Chapter 198: Uncut Funk
  • Chapter 199: Street Dreams
  • Chapter 200: Ain’t No Sleepin’
  • Chapter 201: Players Nite Out
  • Chapter 202: Still In Da Game
  • Chapter 203: Almost On Dem Streets
  • Chapter 204: The Meadows
  • Chapter 205: Slippin’ Red
  • Chapter 206: Haters Stay Away
  • Chapter 207: Goin’ All Out
  • Chapter 208: Austin 2 Houston Pt. II
  • Chapter 209: Deep Down South
  • Chapter 210: Bangin’ Down The Strip
  • Chapter 211: Off Parole
  • Chapter 212: Still Hustlin’
  • Chapter 213: Made Niggaz
  • Chapter 214: Old School
  • Chapter 215: South Side Players
  • Chapter 216: Flippin’ On A Sunny Day
  • Chapter 217: Sittin’ On Chrome
  • Chapter 218: Way 2 Real
  • Chapter 219: Leanin In The Leans
  • Chapter 220: Player Memories
  • Chapter 221: 2 Pints Deep
  • Chapter 222: My Block
  • Chapter 223: Trey Day
  • Chapter 224: 97 Live
  • Chapter 225: Back Up In You
  • Chapter 226: Million Dollar Hands
  • Chapter 227: We Don’t Bar It
  • Chapter 228: Back On The Grind
  • Chapter 229: Thugs Night Out
  • Chapter 230: Paying Dues
  • Chapter 231: Love 4 The Hood
  • Chapter 232: Tryin 2 Survive
  • Chapter 233: Finally Made It
  • Chapter 234: Still A G At 23
  • Chapter 235: Flippin 2 Da Classic Pt. II
  • Chapter 236: Screw & Blunt
  • Chapter 237: Dope Dealin & Cap Peelin
  • Chapter 238: On The Real
  • Chapter 239: 3-D
  • Chapter 240: That Classic
  • Chapter 241: Hurtin These Boys
  • Chapter 242: Puttin It Down
  • Chapter 243: Commin Up Quick
  • Chapter 244: It Don’t Stop
  • Chapter 245: Waitin On Slant
  • Chapter 246: Willow Glen
  • Chapter 247: Sudden Death
  • Chapter 248: 380 D On That Ass
  • Chapter 249: 12/16/1972
  • Chapter 250: Da Return
  • Chapter 251: Stressed Out
  • Chapter 252: Separatin Da Real From Da Fake
  • Chapter 253: Stayin Sucka Free
  • Chapter 254: Fresh Out The County
  • Chapter 255: Elimination
  • Chapter 256: Screw & Doug
  • Chapter 257: All About Pat
  • Chapter 258: Fuck The World
  • Chapter 259: Somethin' 4 U Haters
  • Chapter 260: Bar It 4 What
  • Chapter 261: R.I.P. Tee Lee
  • Chapter 262: Clay & Screw
  • Chapter 263: Nard & Screw
  • Chapter 264: Screw Dub '96
  • Chapter 265: Shay & Screw
  • Chapter 266: Till Death Do Us PART
  • Chapter 267: 4 Young Gees
  • Chapter 268: Dave & Screw
  • Chapter 269: Lil Rob Personal
  • Chapter 270: D Pac & Screw
  • Chapter 271: Screw & Terrance
  • Chapter 272: Screw Dub '96
  • Chapter 273: So Much Pain
  • Chapter 274: Still Thuggin Pt. II
  • Chapter 275: Screw Dub '95
  • Chapter 276: Herschelwood
  • Chapter 277: Shootin Slugs
  • Chapter 278: Lil Chuck & Screw
  • Chapter 279: Just Another Tight Screw
  • Chapter 280: 5:00 AM
  • Chapter 281: Stackin Paper
  • Chapter 282: Sprinkle Me '97
  • Chapter 283: Screw Dub '98
  • Chapter 284: So Many Ways
  • Chapter 285: Yellowstone Texas '95
  • Chapter 286: Out On Bond '95
  • Chapter 287: Floss Mode '96
  • Chapter 288: Fuck You Haters
  • Chapter 289: In Yo Ear
  • Chapter 290: Tolu
  • Chapter 291: One Year Later
  • Chapter 292: Cloverland
  • Chapter 293: Screw & Piccolo
  • Chapter 294: Jut & Screw
  • Chapter 295: Screw Dub
  • Chapter 296: '96 Live
  • Chapter 297: Stick 1 & Screw
  • Chapter 298: Together Forever
  • Chapter 299: Screw Dub 94 – 3rd Ward/Herschelwood
  • Chapter 300: Hell Raiser/Screw Dub
  • Chapter 301: Smoke One/Smoke Two '91
  • Chapter 302: DJ Screw & Lante ’94
  • Chapter 303: ESG ’94
  • Chapter 304: 3rd Ward Freestyle ’98/4th Ward Freestyle ’95
  • Chapter 305: Dre & Screw ’95
  • Chapter 306: Herschelwood Click ’94
  • Chapter 307: BC & Screw ’97
  • Chapter 308: Mantny & Screw ’95
  • Chapter 309: Hen Duce & Screw ’95
  • Chapter 310: Big G
  • Chapter 311: 1 Deep/Stick 1 ’94
  • Chapter 312: Poppy & Screw ’97
  • Chapter 313: South Side ’94
  • Chapter 314: Mann Phoo
  • Chapter 315: Live From Club Nouveau ’97
  • Chapter 316: Live From Club Nouveau ’97 Pt. 2
  • Chapter 317: Screw Dub ’97
  • Chapter 318: Screw Dub Stick 1 ’98
  • Chapter 319: Floyd & Screw ’98
  • Chapter 320: On A Mission
  • Chapter 321: Still Thuggin Pt. 1
  • Chapter 322: Houston 2 Austin '95 Pt. 1
  • Chapter 323: March Madness '98
  • Chapter 324: Dusk 2 Dawn
  • Chapter 325: Screw Dub 325
  • Chapter 326: Red Turn Heads
  • Chapter 327: ESG Live At Screw House '94
  • Chapter 328: Screw Dub 328
  • Chapter 329: Big Mello '92 / Botany Boys '93
  • Chapter 330: Live From Club Nouveau '97 Pt. 3
  • Chapter 331: Live From Club Nouveau '97 Pt. 4
  • Chapter 332: Live From Club Nouveau '97 Pt. 5
  • Chapter 333: Live From Club Nouveau '97 Pt. 6
  • Chapter 334: Live From Club Nouveau '97 Pt. 7
  • Chapter 335: Live From Club Nouveau '97 Pt. 8
  • Chapter 336: Live From Club Nouveau '97 Pt. 9
  • Chapter 337: Gettin On Bout Mine '95
  • Chapter 338: Screw Dub '94 338
  • Chapter 339: G Town C Side '95
  • Chapter 340: 4th Ward '95
  • Chapter 341: Smoke On
  • Chapter 342: Club New Jack' 91
  • Chapter 343: What's Really Goin On '95

Appearances

  • E.S.G. – Ocean Of Funk (1994)
  • Aggravated – Accept (1995)
  • Al-D – Home Of The Free (1995)
  • E.S.G. – Sailin' Da South (1995)
  • Al-D – Mind At Ease (1996)
  • Mr. 3-2 – The Wicked Buddah Baby (1996)
  • Point Blank – N Tha Doe (1997)
  • 5th Ward Soundtrack (1997)
  • Botany Boyz – Thought of Many Ways (1997)
  • DJ DMD – Eleven (1997)
  • Lil Keke – Don't Mess With Texas (1997)
  • SPM (South Park Mexican) – Power Moves (double disc, 1998)
  • Southside Playaz – You Gottus Fuxxed Up (1998)
  • Dead End Alliance – Screwed 4 Life (1998)
  • Lil Keke – The Commission (1998)
  • C-Note – 3rd Coast Born (1999)
  • Lil O – Blood Money (1999)
  • Rap-a-Lot Records – R.N.D.S. (compilation, 1999)
  • Point Blank – Bad News Travels Fast (2000)
  • Lil' Flip – The Leprechaun (2000)
  • K-Rino – No Mercy (2000)
  • Big HAWK – Under Hawks Wings (2000)
  • Big Moe – City of Syrup (2000)
  • Al-D – Unconditional Luv (2002)

References

  1. ^ a b c Strauss, Neil. "THE POP LIFE; Rap Is Slower Around Houston". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d e Hall, Michael. "The Slow Life and Fast Death of DJ Screw". Texas Monthly.
  3. ^ Flashing Back to the Heyday of DJ Screw. Houston Press. July 2009.
  4. ^ Screwed Up Click
  5. ^ "Original S.U.C. Facebook".
  6. ^ Autopsy shows codeine overdose killed DJ Screw
  7. ^ Life in the Slow Lane. Houston Press. December 18, 2001.
  8. ^ a b Caramanica, Jon. "Seeping Out of Houston, Slowly". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
  9. ^ http://gov.texas.gov/music/tour/birthdays
  10. ^ http://www.houstonpress.com/music/the-h-town-countdown-no-13-dj-screws-3-n-tha-mornin-pt-2-blue-6757896
  11. ^ https://libraries.uh.edu/branches/special-collections/houston-hip-hop/
  12. ^ https://archon.lib.uh.edu/?p=collections/controlcard&id=496

External links

3 'n the Mornin' (Part One)

3 'N the Mornin' (Part One) is an album by Bigtyme Records that was mixed by DJ Screw. It was released in 1994. Part Two was released in 1996.

3 'n the Mornin' (Part Two)

3 'N the Mornin' (Part Two) is a 1996 album by southern hip hop artist DJ Screw. It contains a collection of songs by Dirty South artists remixed using Screw's trademark chopped and screwed style.

Part Two is one of Screw's best known CDs. Houston Press called it one of the best Houston rap albums of all time.

C-Note (rapper)

Courtney Smith (born May 17, 1976), professionally known by his stage name C-Note, an American rapper from Houston, Texas. He was formerly a member of the Botany Boyz, part of the Screwed Up Click scene first started by DJ Screw.

His first solo album, Third Coast Born, was an underground success, eventually reaching #67 on Billboard's Top R&B/Hip Hop Albums chart. The album was revamped and re-released in 2000, and this also peaked at #91 on the same chart. C-Note has released several albums since then, and made numerous guest appearances (including with Fat Pat, Lil' Flip and Z-Ro). His fourth full-length, Network'n, was released in 2006, and his fifth, Birds Vs Words, in 2016.

Chopped and screwed

Chopped and screwed (also called screwed and chopped or slowed and throwed) is a technique of remixing hip hop music which developed in the Houston hip hop scene in the early 1990s. This is accomplished by slowing the tempo down to between 60 and 70 quarter-note beats per minute and applying techniques such as skipping beats, record scratching, stop-time, and affecting portions of the music to make a "chopped-up" version of the original.

DJ Screw is the innovator behind the chopped and screwed genre. DJ Screw's key technique involved playing the same record on both turntables with a delay between them of one beat and quickly moving the crossfader side to side. This created an effect where the words or beats in a song were repeated without interrupting its tempo.

Coughee Brothaz

The Coughee Brothaz (formerly known as the Odd Squad) is a Southern hip-hop trio consisting of Devin the Dude, Jugg Mugg and Rob Quest.The group members Devin and Rob met at a 1989 talent show sponsored by Kurtis Blow. Devin lost the contest but was greatly impressed by Rob's performance.

He and Rob became close friends and eventually Devin's friend Dexter Johnson came along as well. With Rob's production, the group recorded a series of demos and befriended many of their future label-mates and affiliates such as Big Mike, UGK, and DJ Screw.

Deciding to get more serious about their career, the group slid a demo to Rap-A-Lot house producer Crazy C, who had previously produced almost the whole of Mr. Scarface is Back.

The demo then made it to label head James Prince. He soon offered them a recording contract and Rob handled the bulk of the album production with the group writing all the tracks with aid from such staple southern producers as Mike Dean, N.O Joe and John Bido.

Their first album, Fadanuf Fa Erybody!! was released on February 1, 1994 under Rap-A-Lot Records. The album is considered by Scarface to be the label's finest release.

Despite much praise, the album was a failure, reaching only #66 on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums. Soon after, Devin would join Scarface's protege group Facemob before going solo in 1998. His ties with the Odd Squad however continued.

The group later became known as Coughee Brothaz and released the albums Waitin' Our Turn in 2007 and Fresh Brew in 2011.

Draped Up

"Draped Up" is the first single from Bun B's solo debut album Trill. It samples elements from the song "Pimp Tha Pen" by DJ Screw. It features an intro from Lil' Keke. The official remix is on the album and it features Lil' Keke, Slim Thug, Chamillionaire, Paul Wall, Mike Jones, Aztek, Lil Flip, & Z-Ro. The music video features cameo appearances by Chingy, Devin The Dude, Kanye West, Scarface, Spice 1, Paul Wall, Mike Jones, Lil' Keke, Lil' Flip, Slim Thug, Z-Ro, Trae Tha Truth, Aztek, & Birdman. The song topped out at #45 on the U.S. Hot R&B Chart.

Fat Pat (rapper)

Patrick Hawkins (December 4, 1970 – February 3, 1998), better known by his stage name Fat Pat (also known as Mr. Fat Pat), was an American rapper from Houston, Texas who was a member of DEA (Dead End Alliance) with his brother John "Big Hawk" Hawkins and DJ Screw, and Kay-K, all original members of the Screwed Up Click (S.U.C.).Wreckshop Records released his first two albums, Ghetto Dreams and Throwed In Da Game in 1998 after his death. Later releases were on the Screwed Up Click label.

Foe tha Love of $

"Foe tha Love of $" is the second single by Bone Thugs-n-Harmony, featuring Eazy-E, from their debut album, Creepin on ah Come Up. The song was produced by DJ Yella and executive produced by Eazy-E. "Foe tha Love of $" was a huge success for the group, making it to #41 on the Billboard Hot 100, #37 on the Rhythmic Top 40 and #4 on the Hot Rap Singles. The music video is notable for being Eazy-E's last appearance in a music video before his death. The song was included in the soundtrack of the video game True Crime: Streets of LA, along with "Thuggish Ruggish Bone". DJ Screw has also remixed it on the 1996 mix "Chapter 24 - 9 Months Later".

Parts of this song (including Jewell's backing vocals) are recycled from the Yomo & Maulkie track "For the Love of Money", from their 1991 album Are U Xperienced?.

Lil' Keke

Marcus Lakee Edwards (born March 29, 1976), better known by his stage name Lil' Keke, is an American rapper and original member of the Southern hip hop collective Screwed Up Click.

OG Ron C

Ronald Rummell Coleman (born August 19, 1973), better known for his stage name OG Ron C, is an American record producer, radio personality, DJ, and entertainment and management company executive, who currently signed to OVO Sound and is also an on-air DJ for KQBT 93.7 The Beat. He is the owner of the Houston-based urban music online radio station ChopNotSlop Radio, former DJ of Southern rappers Chamillionaire and Slim Thug. Along with Michael 5000 Watts, he co-founded Swishahouse Records and helped jump-start the careers of Slim Thug, Chamillionaire, Paul Wall and Mike Jones. The leader and founder of The Chopstars, he was the first Houston DJ to receive his own day (Sept 4) when he got a proclamation from Mayor Sylvester Turner. He is most known for his F-Action (Fuck Action) Series Mixtape which features R&B songs Chopped and Screwed and to date has over 4,200 mixtapes and albums, both at regular speed and chopped and screwed speed. He has sold over 22,000,000 mixtapes and albums to date. He also is the founder of Chopnotslop Radio a 24-hour "Screwed" Radio station dedicated to DJ Screw.

Purple drank

Purple drank is a recreational drug, created by combining cough syrup with a soft drink and hard candy. The concoction originated in Houston, Texas and is popular among those who belong to the hip hop subculture or reside in the southern United States.

Screwed Up Click

The Screwed Up Click (or S.U.C.) is an American hip hop collective based out of Houston, Texas, that was led by DJ Screw. Its most notable members include DJ Screw himself, Big Hawk, Big Mello, Big Moe, Big Pokey, the Botany Boyz, E.S.G., Fat Pat, Lil' Flip, Lil' Keke, Lil' O, Trae and Z-Ro. In addition, Devin the Dude, K-Rino, Lil' Troy, South Park Mexican and UGK are considered to be "Screwed Up Affiliated". Many of the current/former/deceased SUC members come from the neighborhoods of South Park, 3rd Ward and other hoods on Houston’s South side.

Southern hip hop

Southern hip hop, also known as Southern rap, South Coast hip hop, or Dirty South, is a blanket term for a regional genre of American hip hop music that emerged in the Southern United States & the Southeastern United States, especially in Atlanta, New Orleans, Houston, Memphis, and Miami—the five of which constitute the "Southern Network" in rap music.The music was a reaction to the 1980s flow of hip hop culture from New York City and the Los Angeles area and can be considered a third major American hip hop genre, after East Coast hip hop and West Coast hip hop. Many early Southern rap artists released their music independently or on mixtapes after encountering difficulty securing record-label contracts in the 1990s. By the early 2000s, many Southern artists had attained national success, and as the decade went on, both mainstream and underground varieties of Southern hip-hop became among the most popular and influential of the entire genre.

Tales from the Hood (song)

"Tales From The Hood" is a single by rapper Domino featuring Chill from the soundtrack to the 1995 horror film of the same name.

The song was the only charting single from the gold-certified soundtrack, making it to the Billboard's R&B and rap charts. A promotional music video was released that showed Domino and Chill performing the song in a club along with cuts of scenes from the film. Chill's group Compton's Most Wanted, actress Paula Jai Parker, E-40, MC Eiht, and director Rusty Cundieff make cameo appearances in the video.

Stetsasonic member Bobby Simmons produced the remix entitled the Pink Eye remix which appeared as the second track on the single. The single's B-side was the Kurupt-produced "I'm Talkin' to Myself", which is another track from the soundtrack, performed by NME and Grench the Mean 1.

The song was "chopped and screwed" and mixed by DJ Screw on the mixtape Diary of the Originator released in 1999.

The Chopstars

The Chopstars, also known as Chopstar DJs or simply Chopstars, are a group of American DJs and turntablists that perform chopped and screwed remixes of popular music including Drake's 2011 Take Care album, as well as Little Dragon's 2014 Nabuma Rubberband album. Created by OG Ron C, the co-founder of Swishahouse Records, it is a homage to the late DJ Screw. The motto of The Chopstars is "Keeping DJ Screw alive since 2001" and "Dedicated to the memory of DJ Screw."

The Leprechaun (Lil' Flip album)

The Leprechaun is the independently released debut album by rapper Lil' Flip. It featured the hit single "I Can Do Dat". It has sold over 200,000 copies and was an underground hit.

Under Hawk's Wings

DJ Screw and the Screwed Up Click Presents Under H.A.W.K.'s Wings is the debut studio album by American rapper Big Hawk from Houston, Texas. It was released on January 4, 2000 via Dead End. The album peaked at #68 on the US Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart.

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