The Czechoslovakia national football team (Czech: Československá fotbalová reprezentace, Slovak: Československé národné futbalové mužstvo) was the national association football team of Czechoslovakia from 1920 to 1992. The team was controlled by the Czechoslovak Football Association, and the team qualified for eight World Cups and three European Championships. It had two runner-up finishes in World Cups, in 1934 and 1962, and won the European Championship in the 1976 tournament.
At the time of the dissolution of Czechoslovakia at the end of 1992, the team was participating in UEFA qualifying Group 4 for the 1994 World Cup; it completed this campaign under the name Representation of Czechs and Slovaks (RCS) before it was disbanded. The present-day Czech Republic national football team is recognized as the successor of the Czechoslovakia team. The country of Slovakia is represented by the Slovak national team.
|Association||Czechoslovak Football Association|
|Most caps||Zdeněk Nehoda (91)|
|Top scorer||Antonín Puč (34)|
|Highest||1 (24 May 1924)|
|Lowest||29 (August 1985)|
| Czechoslovakia 7–0 Yugoslavia |
(Antwerp, Belgium; 28 August 1920)
Belgium 0–0 RCS
(Brussels, Belgium; 17 November 1993)
| Czechoslovakia 11–0 Senegal |
(Prague, Czechoslovakia; 2 November 1966)
| Hungary 7–0 Czechoslovakia |
(Budapest, Hungary; 19 September 1937)
|Appearances||8 (first in 1934)|
|Best result||Runners-up, 1934 and 1962|
|Appearances||3 (first in 1960)|
|Best result||Winners, 1976|
|Olympic medal record|
While part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Bohemia played its first international on 1 April 1906, a 1–1 draw with Hungary in Budapest. On 7 October, Hungary came to Prague for a 4–4 draw. The two countries played three more matches up to 1908 – including Bohemia's only victory – and Bohemia played its last match on 13 June 1908, losing 4–0 at home to England.
After World War I, an independent Czechoslovakia entered its football team for the 1920 Olympic event in Antwerp, opening with a 7–0 win over Yugoslavia on 28 August. They then beat Norway 4–0 the next day in the quarter-finals and France 4–1 in the semi-finals on the 31st. However, in the final against Belgium on 2 September, the Czechoslovaks left the field 2–0 down after 40 minutes in protest with the English referee John Lewis, and were not given a medal.
The nation entered the World Cup for the first time in 1934, and won its qualifier against Poland after its neighbour withdrew following a 2–1 Czechoslovak win in the first leg. At the finals in Italy, Czechoslovakia advanced past Romania, Switzerland and Germany to reach the final, where it lost 2–1 to the host country after extra time. Oldřich Nejedlý won the Golden Shoe with five goals in the tournament.
Czechoslovakia qualified for the 1938 FIFA World Cup in France with a 7–1 aggregate victory over Bulgaria, and reached the quarter-finals with a 3–0 win over the Netherlands in Le Havre. In the quarter-final against Brazil, known as the Battle of Bordeaux for its rough play, Czechoslovakia lost the replay 2–1.
In 1939, under the German occupation name of "Bohemia", the team played three matches, defeating Yugoslavia 7–3 and drawing with both Ostmark (occupied Austria) and Germany itself.
After an absence from the 1950 qualification campaign, Czechoslovakia qualified for 1954 by topping its qualifying group unbeaten against Bulgaria and Romania with three wins and a draw. However, in the finals in Switzerland, it was eliminated from a strong group after defeats to Uruguay and Austria.
It also topped its qualifying group for the 1958 FIFA World Cup in Sweden, ahead of Wales and East Germany. They opened their finals campaign on 8 June with a 1–0 defeat to Northern Ireland in Halmstad, followed by a 2–2 draw with reigning champions West Germany and a 6–1 win over Argentina. On 17 June, Czechoslovakia lost a play-off to advance into the knockout stages 2–1 to Northern Ireland in Malmö.
On 5 April 1959, Czechoslovakia played the first ever qualifying match in a UEFA European Championship, losing 2–0 away to the Republic of Ireland but eventually advancing 4–2 on aggregate. Subsequent victories over Denmark (7–3 aggregate) and Romania (5–0 aggregate) put the country into the four-team finals in France. It lost 3–0 to the Soviet Union in the semi-final but gained third place with a 2–0 win over the hosts at the Stade Velodrome in Marseille.
Czechoslovakia qualified for the 1962 FIFA World Cup in Chile by defeating Scotland 4–2 after extra time in a play-off in Brussels, Belgium, after finishing level in their qualifying group. In the group at the finals, Czechoslovakia opened with a 1–0 win over Spain from a Jozef Štibrányi goal, and then drew 0–0 with holders Brazil. In the last group game on 7 June, Václav Mašek put Czechoslovakia ahead against Mexico in 12 seconds; the team lost 3–1 but advanced nonetheless.
After goalkeeper Viliam Schrojf's performance, a goal from Adolf Scherer in Rancagua was enough to beat Hungary in the quarter-final, and two more late goals by him against Yugoslavia put Czechoslovakia into their second World Cup final. In the final at the Estadio Nacional de Chile in Santiago, Josef Masopust put Czechoslovakia ahead after 15 minutes by finishing Scherer's pass, but Brazil soon equalised and exploited Schrojf's errors to win 3–1. Masopust's inspiration was awarded with the 1962 Ballon d'Or.
Czechoslovakia did not go to the 1966 FIFA World Cup, with Portugal topping their qualifying group, nor did they qualify for the European Championships of 1964 and 1968. On 3 December 1969 they defeated Hungary 4–1 in Marseille in a play-off to reach the 1970 FIFA World Cup in Mexico, having finished joint top of their qualifying group. Czechoslovakia lost all three of their matches in the 1970 World Cup, in a group featuring holders England and eventual winners Brazil.
After missing out on the 1972 European Championship and the 1974 World Cup, Czechoslovakia reached the 1976 European Championship in Yugoslavia, topping a group featuring England, Portugal and Cyprus and then defeating the Soviet Union 4–2 in a play-off. In the semi-final in Zagreb, they advanced after beating the Netherlands 3–1 after extra time. In the final on 20 June at Crvena Zvezda Stadium in Belgrade, Czechoslovakia led 2–0 before the game went to penalties at a 2–2 draw. Antonin Panenka scored the winning penalty with a chip, subsequently referred to by his name when executed by other players.
Czechoslovakia did not qualify for the 1978 FIFA World Cup, as Scotland won their group. The country did qualify for Euro 1980, and by coming second in its group behind West Germany faced the hosts Italy in a third-place play-off, which it won on sudden-death penalties at the Stadio San Paolo in Naples. At the 1982 FIFA World Cup in Spain, Czechoslovakia was eliminated in the group stage after draws with Kuwait and France and losing 2–0 to England. The country's last ever major tournament was the 1990 FIFA World Cup in Italy, where in the group it opened with a 5–1 win over the United States before defeating Austria with a Michal Bilek penalty, enough to advance despite losing 2–0 to the hosts at the Stadio Olimpico. In the last 16 at the Stadio San Nicola in Bari, a hat-trick from Tomáš Skuhravý featured in a 4–1 in over Costa Rica. Czechoslovakia was eliminated on 1 July in a quarter-final at the San Siro, losing 1–0 from a Lothar Matthäus penalty against eventual winners West Germany. Later that month, manager Dr Jozef Venglos who had led Czechoslovakia in the tournament was appointed as the first foreign manager in English football, at Aston Villa.
Champions Runners-up Third Place Fourth Place
|FIFA World Cup record||Qualification Record|
|1930||Did Not Enter||Did Not Enter|
|1950||Did Not Enter||Did Not Enter|
|1966||Did Not Qualify||6||3||1||2||12||4|
|1974||Did Not Qualify||4||2||1||1||9||3|
|1986||Did Not Qualify||8||3||2||3||11||12|
|1994||Did Not Qualify||10||4||5||1||21||9|
Champions Runners-up Third Place Fourth Place
|UEFA European Championship record||Qualification Record|
|1964||Did Not Qualify||2||0||1||1||2||3|
|1984||Did Not Qualify||8||3||4||1||15||7|
1972 West Germany
| European Champions
1976 (First title)
1980 West Germany
The 1934 FIFA World Cup Final was the deciding match of the 1934 FIFA World Cup. It was contested by Italy and Czechoslovakia. Italy won the game 2-1 for their first World Cup title at the now-closed Stadio Nazionale PNF in Rome in temperatures approaching 40 °C (104 °F).The last living player from that final, František Plánička, died on 20 July 1996.1962 FIFA World Cup Final
The 1962 FIFA World Cup Final was the deciding match of the 1962 FIFA World Cup. The match was held at the Estadio Nacional in Santiago, and was contested by Czechoslovakia and Brazil. Brazil won the game 3–1 to record their second consecutive World Cup victory. Both teams had played each other during the group stage which ended in a goalless draw. This was the second World Cup final match featuring teams who had already competed against each other during the group stage (the first was the 1954 final between Hungary and West Germany).
This was only the second successful defence of the World Cup title in the history of the competition (after Italy in 1938) in spite of the absence of one of the Brazil's star players of 1958, Pelé.Antonín Rýgr
Antonín Rýgr (15 August 1921 – 28 March 1989) was a Czech football manager and former player.
As a player, Rýgr played mostly from SK Kladno before joining Sparta Prague in 1950. In 1952 and 1954 he won the Czechoslovak First League with Sparta. Rýgr also appeared in two matches of the national team in 1948.
After finishing his active career, Rýgr started to work as a football manager. He coached both famous Prague clubs, Slavia Prague and Sparta Prague. He also coached FK Teplice and Czechoslovakia national football team.Bohumil Musil
Bohumil Musil (10 May 1922 – 5 December 1999) was a Czech football player and later manager.
As a player, Musil played for several Czechoslovak clubs, but never gained any success with them. He was far more successful as a football coach. After finishing his active career, Musil started to work as a football manager. He coached famous Prague clubs, Dukla Prague and Slavia Prague. He also coached briefly Czechoslovakia national football team.
He led Dukla Prague to two Czechoslovak First League championships, in 1953 and 1966. In 1966 he also won the Czechoslovak Cup with Dukla. Musil was noted for his coaching skills of youth football teams.Czechoslovakia Olympic football team
The Czechoslovakia Olympic football team was the national under-23 football team of Czechoslovakia from 1922 to 1993, before the country split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia (For information about the national teams of the two countries, see the articles Czech Republic national under-23 football team and Slovakia national under-23 football team.)Czechoslovakia national under-16 football team
The Czechoslovakia junior football team was the under-16 (continental competitions) and under-17 (world competitions) football team of Czechoslovakia. It was controlled by the Czechoslovak Football Association.
Despite the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in January 1993, the team played until May 1994. The present-day Czech Republic national under-17 football team is recognized as the successor of the Czechoslovakia team. The country of Slovakia is represented by the Slovak U-17 national team.Czechoslovakia national under-21 football team
The Czechoslovakia national under-21 football team was the national football team for the under-21s of Czechoslovakia, before the country split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia (For information about the national teams of the two countries, see the articles Czech Republic national under-21 football team and Slovakia national under-21 football team.)
Following the realignment of UEFA's youth competitions in 1976, Czechoslovakia's Under-21 team was formed. Despite the end of the country in January 1993, the team played until March 1994, fulfilling its fixtures in the UEFA U-21 Championship as a combined team. Since the under-21 competition rules state that players must be 21 or under at the start of a two-year competition, technically it is an U-23 competition. Czechoslovakia's record for the preceding U-23 competitions is also shown.
In its twelve U-23 and U-21 competitions, the team had a decent record, winning the first competition in 1972 and reaching the quarter-finals on seven occasions. The team failed to qualify for the final eight on four occasions.Ferdinand Daučík
Ferdinand Daučík (also known as Fernando Daucik; 30 May 1910–14 November 1986) was a Slovak football player and manager. Daučík was the manager of several La Liga clubs, most notably Barcelona, Atlético Bilbao, Atlético Madrid and Real Zaragoza. During his career, he managed La Liga clubs in 488 matches, won three La Liga titles and won the Copa del Generalísimo on five occasions and won three La Liga/Copa doubles. He died in Alcalá de Henares.František Havránek
František Havránek (11 July 1923 – 26 March 2011) was a Czech football manager and former player.
As a player, Havránek played for several lower-division Czechoslovak clubs, but never gained any success with them. He was far more successful as a football coach. After finishing his active career, Havránek started to work as a football manager. He coached Spartak Hradec Králové, Slavia Prague and FC Zbrojovka Brno in Czechoslovakia. Havránek also managed Cypriot EPA Larnaca, AEL Limassol and Polish Ruch Chorzów. In 1970, he won the Cypriot First Division with EPA Larnaca. In 1985, he won the Cypriot Cup with AEL Limassol. Two years later he returned to Czechoslovakia and ended his coaching career.As a coach of the Czechoslovak Olympic team at the 1980 Summer Olympics, he won the gold medal with his team. From 1978 to 1984 he was a general manager of the Czechoslovakia national football team, coaching the team from 1982 to 1984.Josef Meissner
Josef Meissner (born 21 October 1893) was a Czech football manager who coached Czechoslovakia in the 1938 FIFA World Cup.Jozef Marko
Jozef Marko (25 May 1923 – 26 September 1996) was a Slovak football player and coach. He played for FC Spartak Trnava. He earned 9 caps for the Czechoslovakia national football team. Most notably he was the manager of the Czechoslovakia national football team in the 1970 FIFA World Cup.Jozef Vengloš
Jozef Vengloš (born 18 February 1936) is a former Czechoslovak football player and coach. He has a Doctorate in Physical Education, as well as specialising in Psychology. He has been selected by FIFA on various occasions to lecture at the FIFA academies throughout the world.Karel Kolský
Karel Kolský (21 September 1914 in Kročehlavy – 17 February 1984) was a Czech football player and later a football manager. He played for Czechoslovakia, for which he played 13 matches.
He was a participant in the 1938 FIFA World Cup, and he coached Czechoslovakia at the 1958 FIFA World Cup.
After World War II, he worked as a football manager. He coached clubs such as Sparta Prague, SK Kladno, Dukla Prague, Viktoria Plzeň, Zbrojovka Brno and Polish Wisła Kraków.
He won twice the Czechoslovak First League with Dukla Prague, in 1956 and 1958.Karel Petrů
Karel Petrů (24 January 1891 in Březové Hory – 1949) was the coach of the Czechoslovakia national football team when they finished second in the 1934 FIFA World Cup.Karol Borhy
Karol Borhy (23 June 1912 in Budapest – 9 January 1997 in Lučenec) was a Slovak football coach. He coached FK Inter Bratislava, ŠK Slovan Bratislava and briefly Czechoslovakia national football team.
Borhy also coached Jednota Trenčín for many years in the 1960s and 1970s. He also worked for six years in Kuwait.Milan Máčala
Milan Máčala (born 4 August 1943) is a Czech football coach who coached various clubs in the Czech Republic and the Middle East.
He has previously coached in the area with the national teams of Oman, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Bahrain, winning the Gulf Cup of Nations with the Kuwait in 1996 and 1998. As a player, he made his name with SK Sigma Olomouc where he also began his coaching career before going on to work for Slavia Prague, FC Baník Ostrava, the Czechoslovakia national football team, Kazma Sporting Club, Al Nasr and Al Ain FC.
Milan Máčala left his position as head coach of Bahrain in 2010 by mutual consent.UEFA Euro 1976 Final
The UEFA Euro 1976 Final was the final match of UEFA Euro 1976, the fifth UEFA European Football Championship, UEFA's top football competition for national teams. The match was played at Stadion Crvena Zvezda, Belgrade, on 20 June 1976. The match was contested by Czechoslovakia and West Germany. In German, the match is known as the Nacht von Belgrad, or Night from Belgrade.
After extra time, the result was 2–2, and so the first penalty shootout in a European Championships final ensued. The first seven kicks were converted, until West Germany's fourth penalty taker, Uli Hoeneß, ballooned his shot over the bar. With the score 4–3, Antonín Panenka stepped up under immense pressure to take the fifth Czechoslovakian penalty, to win the match. German goalkeeper Sepp Maier dived to his left, while Panenka chipped the ball straight in the middle of the net. The sheer cheek of the goal led a watching French journalist to dub Panenka "a poet", and to this day his winning kick is one of the most famous ever, making Panenka's name synonymous with that particular style of penalty kick.
Up to date, this was the last official match in which West Germany (and Germany after its reunification) did not come up victorious in a penalty shootout.Václav Ježek
Václav Ježek (1 October 1923, Zvolen – 27 August 1995, Prague) was the coach of the Czechoslovakia national football team when they won the 1976 European Championships.Štefan Čambal
Štefan Čambal (17 December 1908 in Pozsony – 18 July 1990) was a Slovak football player and later a football manager. He played for Czechoslovakia, for which he played 22 matches. He was born in Pozsony and died in Prague.
He was a participant in the 1934 FIFA World Cup, where Czechoslovakia won the silver medal. In his country he played for clubs such as Teplitzer FK, SK Slavia Praha, SK Židenice and Baťa Zlín.He was later a well-known football manager, coaching, amongst others, the Czechoslovakia national football team.
|Republic of Ireland||12||7||1||4|
Czechoslovakia national football team matches
|Summer Olympics Final|
|FIFA World Cup Finals|
|UEFA European Championship Final|
|Recognised as defunct by FIFA|
|Teams whose names and borders|
both differ from the present