Cyril Wyche

Sir Cyril Wyche PRS (1632 – ?1707) was an English lawyer and politician.

He was born in Constantinople, Turkey, where his father, Sir Peter Wyche, was the English Ambassador. He was educated at Christ Church, Oxford with Bachelor of Arts in 1653. He received his Master of Arts (MA) in 1655 and his Doctor of Civil Law (DCL) in 1665. Between the time he received his MA and his DCL, he was knighted (1660). This is so close in time to the English Restoration that he was almost certainly a Cavalier, and may have served in the military for the Royalist cause.

He was an original member of the Royal Society and served as President from 1683–1684. He joined the bar in 1670 and became Chief Secretary for Ireland in 1692. He was a Member of Parliament for several districts at different times, (MP for Callington (1661–1678), for East Grinstead (1681–1685), for Saltash (1685–1687), and for Preston (1702–1705) From the Sackler Archive of Fellows of the Royal Society.

He married Mary, daughter of George Evelyn of Wootton and niece of John Evelyn, the diarist. Around 1690 he purchased Hockwold Hall (then called The Poynings) at Hockwold cum Wilton, Norfolk. He died there and a monument to him can be found in the church of St. Peter in Hockwold.

SirCyrilWyche
Sir Cyril Wyche

References

  • Sir Cyril Wyche and the Popish Plot, 1678-80, Hugh Fenning, O.P., in Seanchas Ard Macha volume 19/2, pp. 53–62, 2002
  • Herbert Rix, "Wyche, Cyril", Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 63
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir Hugh Pollard
Sir John Coryton
Member of Parliament for Callington
1661 – 1678
With: Allen Brodrick 1661
Sir Henry Bennet 1661–1665
Samuel Rolle 1665–1678
Succeeded by
Samuel Rolle
Sir John Coryton
Preceded by
Goodwin Wharton
William Jephson
Member of Parliament for East Grinstead
1681 – 1685
With: Henry Powle
Succeeded by
Simon Smith
Thomas Jones
Preceded by
Sir John Davie
Bernard Granville
Member of Parliament for Saltash
1685 – 1689
With: Edmund Waller
Succeeded by
John Waddon
Bernard Granville
Preceded by
Henry Ashhurst
Thomas Molyneux
Member of Parliament for Preston
1702 – 1705
With: Charles Zedenno Stanley
Succeeded by
Francis Annesley
Edward Rigby
Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Unknown
Member of Parliament for Dublin University
1692–1693
Served alongside: William Molyneux
Succeeded by
Richard Aldworth
William Molyneux
Political offices
Preceded by
William Harbord
Chief Secretary for Ireland
1676 – 1682
Succeeded by
Sir William Ellis
Preceded by
John Davis
Chief Secretary for Ireland
1692 – 1693
Succeeded by
Sir Richard Aldworth
Callington (UK Parliament constituency)

Callington was a rotten borough in Cornwall which returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons in the English and later British Parliament from 1585 to 1832, when it was abolished by the Reform Act 1832.

Chief Secretary for Ireland

The Chief Secretary for Ireland was a key political office in the British administration in Ireland. Nominally subordinate to the Lord Lieutenant, and officially the "Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant", from the early 19th century until the end of British rule he was effectively the government minister with responsibility for governing Ireland, roughly equivalent to the role of a Secretary of State. Usually it was the Chief Secretary, rather than the Lord Lieutenant, who sat in the British Cabinet. The Chief Secretary was ex officio President of the Local Government Board for Ireland from its creation in 1872.British rule over much of Ireland came to an end as the result of the Irish War of Independence, which culminated in the establishment of the Irish Free State. In consequence the office of Chief Secretary was abolished, as well as that of Lord Lieutenant. Executive responsibility within the Irish Free State and Northern Ireland was effectively transferred to the President of the Executive Council (i.e. the prime minister) and the Prime Minister of Northern Ireland respectively.

Goodwin Wharton

Goodwin Wharton (8 March 1653 – 28 October 1704) was an English Whig politician and autobiographer, as well as an avid mystic, alchemist and treasure hunter. His unpublished manuscript autobiography, in the British Library, "ranks high in the annals of psychopathology" according to the historian Roy Porter.

Hockwold cum Wilton

Hockwold cum Wilton ("Hock/mallow wood and willow-tree farm/settlement") is 10 miles west of Thetford, Norfolk, England and is in the borough of King's Lynn and West Norfolk. It is located near several USAF airbases, notably RAF Lakenheath and RAF Mildenhall. It is situated on the boundary between the geographical areas of the Breckland - a region of sandy heathland now largely forested - and the flat, low-lying Fens, with some characteristics of both.

The village is the location of the primary campus of Iceni Academy. Previously this was Hockwold Primary School. The village has two churches (St Peter's and St James') and a Methodist chapel.

John Waddon (died 1695)

John Waddon (c 1649 – 25 August 1695) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons of England in from 1689 to 1690.

Waddon was the son of Thomas Waddon of Plymouth and his wife Honor Ley, daughter of John Ley or Kempthorne of Tonacombe and was baptised on 18 January 1649. His grandfather John Waddon was MP for Plymouth during the English Civil War. He was at Exeter College, Oxford. He was Vice-Warden of the Stannaries and Deputy Lieutenant for Cornwall and governor of Pendennis Castle Waddon lived at Moditonham House where in 1689 John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath held a meeting with the representatives of the Prince of Orange concerning the surrender of Pendennis and Plymouth Castles.In January 1689, Waddon was elected Member of Parliament for Saltash and held the seat until March 1690.Waddon married Mary Herle daughter of Edward Herle of Prideaux Castle. They had no children.

List of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in 1663

This is a complete list of Fellows of the Royal Society elected in its fourth year, 1663.

List of Irish MPs 1692–93

This is a list of members of the Irish House of Commons between 1692 and 1693. There were 300 MPs at a time in this period.

List of Original Fellows of the Royal Society

This is a list of the Original Fellows of the Royal Society, defined as those fellows, excepting the Founder Fellows, who were elected prior to July 1663. Most were appointed on 20 May or 22 June 1663.

List of presidents of the Royal Society

The President of the Royal Society (PRS) is the elected Head of the Royal Society of London who presides over meetings of the society's council.

After informal meetings at Gresham College, the Royal Society was officially founded on 28 November 1660 when a group of academics decided to found "a Colledge for the Promoting of Physico-Mathematicall Experimentall Learning", acquiring a Royal Charter on 15 July 1662. The Royal Charter nominated William Brouncker as president, and stipulated that future presidents should be elected by the Council and Fellows of the society at anniversary meetings each year on St. Andrew's Day (30 November).

The details of the presidency were described by the second Royal Charter, which did not set any limit on how long a president could serve. There were considerable fluctuations in the president's term of office until well into the 19th century. By then, sentiment had turned against electing wealthy amateurs solely because they might become patrons of the society, and in 1847 the society decided that Fellows would be elected solely on scientific merit. Since the 1870s it has been usual (with a few exceptions) for each President to serve for exactly five years. Under the current statutes, a president cannot serve for more than five years. The current President is Venkatraman Ramakrishnan who began his 5-year tenure in 2015.Historically, the duties of the president have been both formal and social. Under the Cruelty to Animals Act 1876, the President was one of only a few people authorised to certify that a particular experiment on an animal was justified, and in addition he acted as the government's chief (albeit informal) advisor for scientific matters. At the same time, the President was tasked with entertaining distinguished foreign guests and scientists.The changeover of presidents occurs on the Royal Society Anniversary Day, the weekday on or nearest to 30 November, after the departing President's Anniversary Address.

Peter Wyche (ambassador)

Sir Peter Wyche (1593? – 1643) was a London merchant and English Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire from 1627–1641.

Peter Wyche (diplomat)

Sir Peter Wyche (1628 – c. 1699) was an English diplomat and translator.

He was one of the sons of Sir Peter Wyche and brother of Sir Cyril Wyche. He was educated at Exeter College, Oxford (matriculated 1643), Queens College, Cambridge (BA 1645) and Trinity Hall, Cambridge (MA 1648) and was admitted to the Inner Temple in 1649. He was knighted in 1660. In May 1663 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.He was English Ambassador to Russia in 1669 and then immediately after to Poland in 1669–1670.He died in London circa 1699. He had married Isabella, daughter of Sir Robert Bolles, Bart, of Scampton, Lincolnshire. His grandson Cyril Wyche also became Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Russia and was created a baronet in 1729 (see Wyche baronets).

Richard Wyche (merchant)

Richard Wyche (or Wiche) (1554–1621) was a London shipowner and merchant.

Saltash (UK Parliament constituency)

Saltash, sometimes called Essa, was a "rotten borough" in Cornwall which returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons in the English and later British Parliament from 1552 to 1832, when it was abolished by the Great Reform Act.

Sir Hugh Pollard, 2nd Baronet

Sir Hugh Pollard, 2nd Baronet (1603 – 27 November 1666) was an English soldier and MP elected for Bere Alston in 1640, Callington in 1660, and Devon in 1661. He supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War.

Sir John Coryton, 1st Baronet

Sir John Coryton, 1st Baronet (c. 1621 – 1680) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1680.

Coryton was the son of William Coryton, of West Newton Ferrers, St Mellion, Cornwall by his wife Elizabeth Chichester, 3rd daughter of Sir John Chichester (died 1586) of Raleigh, Devon, Sheriff of Devon in 1585.He was baptised on 29 July 1621 at St Mellion. He was fined £297 in 1651. In 1660, he was elected Member of Parliament for Callington in a by-election to the Convention Parliament. In 1661 he was elected MP for Cornwall in the Cavalier Parliament. He was created a baronet on 27 February 1662. In February 1679 he was elected MP for Callington again in the First Exclusion Parliament. He was elected MP for Launceston in August 1679 for the Second Exclusion Parliament.He married twice, firstly on 27 December 1643 at Colebrooke, Devon, to Elizabeth Mills, daughter of John Mills of Colebrooke. She died on 27 September 1667 and was buried in Colebrooke Church, where her mural monument with Corinthian columns and scrollwork pediment survives. By Elizabeth he had children including Sir John Coryton, 2nd Baronet (1648–1690). His second marriage, by licence dated 24 May 1680 was to Anne Wayte, a widow, of Acton in Middlesex.

Coryton died at the age of about 58 and was buried at St. Mellion on 23 August 1680. He was succeeded in the baronetcy by his son Sir John Coryton, 2nd Baronet (1648–1690).

Sir John Hoskyns, 2nd Baronet

Sir John Hoskyns, 2nd Baronet PRS (23 July 1634 – 12 September 1705) was an English baronet.

He was one of the founders of the Royal Society and served as its president from 1682 to 1683. Between 1685 and 1687 he also represented Herefordshire in the House of Commons.

William Harbord (politician)

William Harbord (25 April 1635 – 31 July 1692), of Grafton Park, was an English diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1661 and 1690.

Wyche

Wyche is a surname, and may refer to:

C. Thomas Wyche (1926–2015), American lawyer and conservationist

Charles Cecil Wyche (1885–1966), judge

Cyril Wyche (1632–1707), president of the Royal Society

Cyril Wyche (1695–1756), 1st Baronet, Ambassador to Russia

Ira T. Wyche (1887–1981), American major general

James Wyche (b. 1982), American football player

Jane Wyche (17th century), countess of Bath

Nathaniel Wyche (1607–1659), president of the English East India Company

Peter Wyche (1593–1643), English Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire

Peter Wyche (1628–1699), English Ambassador to Russia and Poland

Richard Wyche (1197–1253), Saint and Bishop of Chichester

Richard Wyche (1554–1621), director of the English East India Company

Sam Wyche (b. 1945), former American football player

Zelma Wyche (1918–1999), Louisiana politician and African-American civil rights activist

Wyche baronets

The Wyche Baronetcy, of Chewton in the County of Somerset, was a title in the Baronetage of Great Britain. It was created on 20 December 1729 for Cyril Wyche, subsequently Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Russia. He was the son of John Wyche, Envoy Extraordinary at Hamburg, the grandson of Sir Peter Wyche, the great-grandson of Sir Peter Wyche and the grand-nephew of Sir Cyril Wyche. Wyche had no surviving sons and the title became extinct upon his death in 1756.

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21st century

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