Cyril Chantler

Sir Cyril Chantler GBE FRCP FRCPCH FMedSci (born 12 May 1939)[1][2] is a British paediatric nephrologist. Chantler was notable for devising a method with Norman Veale of measuring glomerular function in children and later researched diet and growth failure in children with renal impairment.[3] [4] Chantler was most notable for holding an independent review of public health evidence for standardised tobacco packaging that later became known as the Chantler Review that led to standardised packaging for tobacco and cigarette packets.[5]

Professor Sir

Cyril Chantler
Born12 May 1939
NationalityBritish
EducationSt Catharine's College, Cambridge, University of London
Known forMeasuring glomerular function in children, Chantler Review
AwardsGBE, Kt
Scientific career
Fieldspaediatric Nephrology
InstitutionsUniversity of California, San Francisco, Guy's Hospital, Great Ormond Street Hospital

Life

Chantler was educated at Wrekin College between 1952 and 1957.[6]

Career

From 1971 to 1972, Chantler spent a year working at Institute of Child Health at Great Ormond Street, working in the department of Immunology ran by John Soothill.[7] In 1972, Chantler was appointed to a position at Guy's Hospital, [7] before working for a year in the USA, working with Paediatric Nephrologist Malcolm Holliday, at the University of California, San Francisco studying growth in rats with chronic renal failure[7], before returning in 1973 to continue working at Guys under Stewart Cameron.[7]

From 1985 to 1988, Chantler was the General Manager of Guy's Hospital.[8] From 1992 to 1998, Chantler was the principal of the United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals.[8] From 1997 to 2000, Chantler was the pro-vice chancellor of the University of London.[9] From 2001 to 2008, Chantler was Chairman of the Great Ormond Street Hospital for Sick Children.[10] Chantler was Consultant Paediatrician at Guy's Hospital from 1971 to 2000, and Fund Professor of Paediatric Nephrology at London University, 1990–2000, and emeritus since 2001.

Chantler Review

On 28 November 2013, Chantler was asked[11] by Jane Ellison, the British Conservative Party politician, if he would be willing to review cigarette packaging and to undertake an independent review to determine whether standardised packaging would be beneficial to the public good.[12] Chantler accepted the role. Ellison wrote to him on 27 November 2013 to define the Terms of Reference[13]. On 29 November, Chantler accepted the role, with a reply to Jane Ellison, stating he did not have any conflict of interests.[14] A Terms of References method were defined to focus exclusively on the public health aspects of cigarette packet packaging and were to exclude legal issues, such as competition, trade marking, or freedom of choice. An economic investigation was also expressly forbidden. The Terms also defined the methods available to submit research.[15]

In April 2014, Chantler produced the published report. [16] In his conclusions, Chantler stated that it could not be proven conclusively that standardised cigarette packaging would reduce smoking, and that a large scale trial of such packaging would prove beneficial of such a trial would be difficult due to the number of actors, making it difficult to control. Chantler's most notable conclusion was that there was sufficient evidence to support standard packaging and tobacco control measures, that over time would return a modest reduction in the number of people smoking, particularly amongst children and young people.[17]

Chantler stated of the report, that he was persuaded that branded packaging plays an important role in encouraging young people to smoke, and that he was not convinced by the tobacco industries response that plain cigarette packages would increase smoking uptake.[18]

Societies

Awards and honours

He was knighted in 1996 and was appointed Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE) in the 2017 New Year Honours for "services to leadership in healthcare".[25][26]

References

  1. ^ "Sir Cyril Chantler Authorised Biography – Debrett's People of Today". Debretts.com. 1939-12-05. Retrieved 2013-11-29.
  2. ^ "Who's Who". Ukwhoswho.com. Retrieved 2013-11-29.
  3. ^ "Professor Sir Cyril Chantler". The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health. The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health. 2 March 2017. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  4. ^ "Prof. Sir Cyril Chantler". All Party-Parliamentary Health Group. Policy Connect. Archived from the original on 22 December 2017. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  5. ^ "Chantler review paves way for standardised tobacco packs". Cancer Research Uk. Cancer Research UK. 3 April 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  6. ^ "Wrekin College Foundation Annual Review 2014" (pdf). Wrekin College. Telford: Wrekin College 2018. 2014. p. 7. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d White, Richard H R (2003). "THE BRITISH ASSOCIATION FORPAEDIATRIC NEPHROLOGY" (pdf). The Renal Association. British Association for Paediatric Nephrology. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  8. ^ a b c "Prof. Sir Cyril Chantler". All-Party Parliamentary Health Group. Policy Connect 2018. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  9. ^ "New Year Honours". King's Health Partners. King's Health Partners 2018. 12 January 2017. Retrieved 7 October 2018.
  10. ^ a b c Institute of Medicine (16 November 2009). Integrative Medicine and the Health of the Public: A Summary of the February 2009 Summit. National Academies Press. p. 189. ISBN 978-0-309-13901-4. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  11. ^ "Cigarettes and plain packaging: Cameron 'makes U-turn'". UK Parliament: Channel Four Television Corporation. Channel 4 News. 28 Nov 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  12. ^ "Chantler report on standardised packaging of tobacco products". gov.uk. Smoking: United Kingdom Government. 3 April 2014. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  13. ^ Ellison, Jane (27 November 2013). "Letter from Jane Ellison MP" (Letter). National Archives. Parliamentary Undersecretary of State for Public Health: Department of Health. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  14. ^ Chantler, Cyril (29 November 2013). "Sir Cyril Chantler's response" (Letter). National Archives UK. UCL Partners. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  15. ^ Chantler, Cyril (16 December 2013). "Method Statement" (pdf). United Kingdom National Archives. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  16. ^ Chantler, Cyril (April 2014). "Report of the independent review undertaken by Sir Cyril Chantler" (pdf). United Kingdom National Archives. UK Government. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  17. ^ "Chantler report on standardised packaging of tobacco products". gov.uk. Section 6.11: United Kingdom Government. 3 April 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  18. ^ "HSJ Live 03.04.2014". Wilmington Healthcare Limited. HSJ Live. 3 April 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  19. ^ "Prof. Sir Cyril Chantler". All Parliamentry Health Group. People: Policy Connect. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  20. ^ McCracken, Andrew; Umali, Gemma; Case, Rachel; Miller, Becca (11 March 2004). "New Chairman for The King's Fund". Press Releases. The Kings Fund. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  21. ^ McCracken, Andrew; Umali, Gemma; Case, Rachel; Miller, Becca (14 September 2010). "Sir Christopher Kelly announced as new chairman of The King's Fund". Press Releases. The Kings Fund. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  22. ^ "Sir Cyril Chantler - Vice President". Young Epilepsy. The National Centre for Young People with Epilepsy. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  23. ^ "Professor Sir Cyril Chantler appointed Chairman of UCL Partners". University College London. UCL News. 12 November 2008. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  24. ^ "New chair for UCL Partners". HSJ. Wilmington Healthcare Limited. 17 September 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  25. ^ "No. 61803". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 2016. p. N7.
  26. ^ "New Year's Honours for St Catharine's Members". St Catharine’s College. St Catherines College, Cambridge. 4 January 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2018.

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