Cycle ball

Cycle-ball, also known as "radball" (from German), is a sport similar to association football played on bicycles. The two people on each team ride a fixed gear bicycle with no brakes or freewheel. The ball is controlled by the bike and the head, except when defending the goal.

The sport was introduced in 1893 by a German-American, Nicholas Edward Kaufmann. Its first world championships were in 1929. Cycle-ball is popular in Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Japan, Russia and Switzerland. The most successful players were the Pospíšil brothers of Czechoslovakia, world champions 20 times between 1965 and 1988.

Closely related is artistic cycling in which the athletes perform a kind of gymnastics on Cycles.

Cycle ball
UCI Cycle Ball 2on1
Cycle ball
Highest governing bodyUnion Cycliste Internationale
First played1893
Team membersYes
Mixed genderNo
TypeCycle sports
Country or regionEurope, Japan
World Games1989
Liebig bike polo
Cycle-ball, early 20th century


See also

External links

2007 UCI Indoor Cycling World Championships

The 2007 UCI Indoor Cycling World Championships took place in Winterthur in switzerland from the 9 to 11 November and crowned world champions in the cycling disciplines of cycle ball and artistic cycling. Germany managed to get all seven gold medals at this championship and won 11 medals in total - including all three in men's single artistic cycling.

The whole event was located in the stadium Eulachhalle, originally the home stadium of the handball club Pfadi Winterthur. It was actually the second indoor cycling world championship held in Winterthur after the one in 1997.

In total 144 athletes out of 21 nations took part in the competition. The participating nations were all from Europe and Asia, except for a Tchad starting Czech team.

2020 in sports

2020 in sports describes the year's events in world sport.

Artistic cycling

Artistic cycling is a form of competitive indoor cycling in which athletes perform tricks (called exercises) for points on specialized, fixed-gear bikes in a format similar to ballet or gymnastics. The exercises are performed in front of judges in five-minute rounds by singles, pairs, four- or six-man teams.

German Cycling Federation

The German Cycling Federation or BDR (in German: Bund Deutscher Radfahrer) is the national governing body of cycle racing in Germany.

The BDR is a member of the UCI and the UEC.

Indoor cycling at the 2005 Asian Indoor Games

Indoor cycling (Artistic cycling and Cycle ball) at the 2005 Asian Indoor Games was held in Nimibutr Stadium, Bangkok, Thailand from 14 November to 17 November 2005.

Indoor cycling at the 2007 Asian Indoor Games

Indoor cycling (Artistic cycling and Cycle ball) at the 2007 Asian Indoor Games was held in Luso-Chinese School Pavilion, Macau, China from 26 October to 27 October 2007.

Indoor cycling at the World Games

Indoor cycling, including cycle ball and artistic cycling, were part of the World Games in 1989.


Kī-o-rahi is a ball sport played in New Zealand with a small round ball called a 'kī'. It is a fast-paced game incorporating skills similar to rugby union, netball and touch. Two teams of seven players play on a circular field divided into zones, and score points by touching the 'pou' (boundary markers) and hitting a central 'tupu' or target. The game is played with varying rules (e.g. number of people, size of field, tag ripping rules etc.) depending on the geographic area it is played in. A process called Tatu, before the game, determines which rules the two teams will use.

In 2005 kī-o-rahi was chosen to represent New Zealand by global fast-food chain McDonald's as part of its 'Passport to Play' programme to teach physical play activities in 31,000 American schools.

The programme will give instruction in 15 ethnic games to seven million primary school children.The New Zealand kī-o-rahi representative organisation, Kī-o-Rahi Akotanga Iho, formed with men's and women's national teams, completed a 14 match tour of Europe in September and October 2010. The men's team included 22-test All Black veteran Wayne Shelford who led the team to a 57–10 test win against Kī-o-Rahi Dieppe Organisation, the French Kī-o-Rahi federation.

Shelford's kī-o-rahi test jersey made him the first kī-o-rahi/rugby double international for NZ. The women's team coached by Andrea Cameron (Head of PE at Tikipunga High School) also won by 33–0. These were the first historic test matches between NZ and France.

Lauterbach, Baden-Württemberg

Lauterbach is a village in the district of Rottweil in Baden-Württemberg. Lauterbach is located in the Black Forest near Schramberg, and is known as a tourist resort.


Pospíšil (feminine Pospíšilová) is a Czech surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Alžběta "Eliška" Pospíšilová (1900–1994)

Antonín Pospíšil (1903–1973), Czechoslovak politician

Christian Pospischil (born 1985), German football player

Craig Pospisil American playwright

František Pospíšil (born 1944), Czech ice hockey player

Jaroslav Pospíšil, Czech tennis player

Jiří Pospíšil (born 1975), Czech politician

John Pospisil, American sound editor

Martin Pospíšil, Czech footballer

Michal Pospíšil (born 1979), Czech footballer

Miroslav Pospíšil, Czech footballer

Peter Pospíšil (1944–2006), Slovak handball player

Tomáš Pospíšil (footballer) (born 1991), Czech association football player

Tomáš Pospíšil (ice hockey) (born 1987), Czech ice hockey player

Vasek Pospisil, Canadian tennis player

Victor J. Pospishil, Austrian-US Ukrainian Catholic priest

Pospíšil brothers, Czech cycle ball champions

Jan Pospíšil

Jindřich Pospíšil

Pospíšil brothers

The Pospíšil brothers were Czechoslovak players of cycle ball who won a world championship twenty times. Jindřich Pospíšil was born on March 23, 1942, Jan Pospíšil on April 25, 1945, both in Brno, Czechoslovakia.

Before they won their first golden championship medals, Jindřich had already won a silver and bronze with his previous partner Jaroslav Svoboda. Then the brothers together won silver medals at the championship in 1964 in Copenhagen. They won their last championship when Jan was 43 and Jindřich 46 years old.

SSV Markranstädt

SSV Markranstädt is a German association football club from the city of Markranstädt, Saxony near Leipzig. It is part of a larger sports club that also has departments for badminton, cycle ball, gymnastics, table tennis, and volleyball.

Sportsperson of the Year (Czechoslovakia)

Sportsperson of the Year (Czech: Sportovec roku, Slovak: Športovec roka) was a prize awarded annually to the best athletes of Czechoslovakia from 1959 to 1992 by the Club of Czechoslovak Sports Journalists. The first winner was white-water canoer Vladimír Jirásek. From 1961 the prize was also given to the best sports team; the first team recipient was the Czechoslovakia national ice hockey team. Since the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in 1993, the prize has continued in both successor countries as the Sportsperson of the Year of the Czech Republic and the Sportsperson of the Year of Slovakia.The individual prize was usually awarded to a single sportsperson, but on two occasions, two people received it – Eva Romanová and Pavel Roman (ice dancers) in 1962, and the Pospíšil brothers (cycle-ball players) in 1979. The prize was given to 28 different athletes, 22 men and 6 women, in 23 sports disciplines. Gymnast Věra Čáslavská won the prize four times, the most of any sportsperson. She was also the only one to have received it in three consecutive years (from 1966 to 1968). Six people were awarded the prize more than once.The team prize was won by teams in 12 sport disciplines; all winners but one were national teams. The only time members of a sports club team were awarded the Sportsperson of the Year was the Dukla Prague handball team, in 1963. Ice hockey teams were given the award six times – most of all disciplines. Ice hockey goaltender Josef Mikoláš and cross-country skier Květa Jeriová were the only people who won both the individual and the team prize (Mikoláš as a member of the Czechoslovakia national ice hockey team at 1961 World Championships and Jeriová as a member of ski relay at the 1984 Winter Olympics). Men's teams received the prize 20 times, and women's teams won it 3 times. From 1970 to 1977, and in 1979, the team prize was not awarded. The team award was won back to back twice, by the men's national ice hockey team in 1968 and 1969, and by the men's national ski-relay team in 1988 and 1989.

UCI Indoor Cycling World Championships

The UCI Indoor Cycling World Championships are the set of world championship events for the disciplines of artistic cycling and a tournament of cycle ball. The World Championships are regulated by the Union Cycliste Internationale.The UCI awards a gold medal and a rainbow jersey to the winner. Silver and bronze medals are awarded to the second and third place contestants. World champions wear their rainbow jersey until the following year's championship, but they may wear it only in the type of event in which they won it.

UCI World Cups

The UCI World Cups are the World Cups for cycling disciplines organized by the Union Cycliste Internationale:

UCI Road World Cup, (1999-2004)

UCI Women's Road World Cup, (1998-)

UCI Mountain Bike World Cup

UCI Track Cycling World Cup

UCI Cyclo-cross World Cup

UCI Trials World Cup

UCI BMX Supercross

UCI Cycle-ball World Cup

UCI Para-cycling Road World Cup

World Games sports

The World Games sports comprise all the sports contested in The World Games.

Basket sports
Football codes
Bat-and-ball games
Stick and ball sports
Net sports
Other sports

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