Cy Young's perfect game

Cy Young, pitcher for the Boston Americans, pitched a perfect game against the Philadelphia Athletics by retiring all 27 batters he faced on Thursday, May 5, 1904. This event took place in the Huntington Avenue Grounds in Boston, Massachusetts, in front of 10,267 fans in attendance.

After Athletics' pitcher Rube Waddell defeated Young on April 25 and one-hit Boston on May 2, Waddell taunted Young to face him so that he could repeat his performance against Boston's ace. Three days later, Young pitched a perfect game against Waddell and the Athletics. The third perfect game in Major League Baseball history, Young's perfect game was the first in baseball's modern era and in American League history.[2]

Cy Young's perfect game
Cy Young
Cy Young in 1902
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Philadelphia Athletics 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Boston Americans 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 - 3 10 0
DateMay 5, 1904
VenueHuntington Avenue Grounds
CityBoston, Massachusetts
Managers
UmpiresDwyer
Attendance10,267[1]

Background

Before Young, only two pitchers had thrown perfect games. This occurred in 1880, when Lee Richmond and John Ward pitched perfect games within five days of each other, although under somewhat different rules: the front edge of the pitcher's box was only 45 feet (14 m) from home plate (the modern release point is about 10 feet (3.0 m) farther away); walks required eight balls; and pitchers were obliged to throw side-armed. Young's perfect game was the first under the modern rules established in 1893.[3]

Over 10,000 fans attended the May 5 game, as the Boston Americans hosted the Philadelphia Athletics, specifically because of the pitching matchup of Boston's Young and Rube Waddell of the Athletics. Waddell had outdueled Young on April 25, and then defeated the Americans, who challenged Waddell with Jesse Tannehill, as Waddell threw a one-hitter. Leading up to his rematch against Young, Waddell took to baiting Young in the press.[4]

During the game, Waddell allowed at least one hit to every Boston batter, except for Young. Meanwhile, Boston's fielders, including Chick Stahl, Patsy Dougherty, and Buck Freeman, made excellent defensive plays behind Young.[4] By the sixth inning, teammates began to avoid Young in between innings, following a long-standing tradition in baseball not to talk to a pitcher who was in the midst of pitching a no-hitter.[4] The crowd cheered loudly in the ninth inning, as Young completed the perfect game by retiring Monte Cross, Ossee Schreckengost, and finally Waddell. After retiring Waddell, Young shouted, "How do you like that, you hayseed?"[5] The game ended in one hour and 23 minutes.[4]

Young had a streak of 45 scoreless innings pitched, which incorporated his perfect game. The streak began in the second inning of a game against Philadelphia on April 25, 1904, and continued through May 17, 1904.[6] In addition to his perfect game, Young made scoreless appearances on April 30 and May 11, and added seven more scoreless innings to his streak before allowing runs to the Cleveland Naps in the eighth inning of the May 17 game. This set a then-Major League Baseball (MLB) record.[7] Young also set an MLB record for the most consecutive innings pitched without allowing a hit, which lasted ​25 13 innings, or 76 hitless batters. While Orel Hershiser has eclipsed Young's scoreless innings streak,[7] Young's hitless streak remains the MLB record.[8][9]

One year later, on July 4, 1905, Waddell beat Young and the Americans, 4–2, in a 20-inning contest. Young pitched 13 consecutive scoreless innings before he gave up a pair of unearned runs in the final inning. Young did not walk a batter and was later quoted as saying: "For my part, I think it was the greatest game of ball I ever took part in."[3]

Game statistics

May 5, Huntington Avenue Grounds, Boston, Massachusetts[2]
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Philadelphia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Boston 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 3 10 0
WP: Cy Young (2–2)   LP: Rube Waddell (4–1)

Box score

Hitting
Philadelphia Athletics AB R H RBI Boston Americans AB R H RBI
Topsy Hartsel, LF 1 0 0 0 Patsy Dougherty, LF 4 0 1 0
  Danny Hoffman, CF (PH) 2 0 0 0 Jimmy Collins, 3B 4 0 2 0
Ollie Pickering, CF 3 0 0 0 Chick Stahl, CF 4 1 1 0
Harry Davis, 1B 3 0 0 0 Buck Freeman, RF 4 0 1 1
Lave Cross, 3B 3 0 0 0 Freddy Parent, SS 4 0 2 0
Socks Seybold, RF 3 0 0 0 Candy LaChance, 1B 3 0 1 0
Danny Murphy, 2B 3 0 0 0 Hobe Ferris, 2B 3 1 1 0
Monte Cross, SS 3 0 0 0 Lou Criger, C 3 1 1 1
Ossee Schreckengost, C 3 0 0 0 Cy Young, P 3 0 0 0
Rube Waddell, P 3 0 0 0
Totals 27 0 0 0 Totals 32 3 10 2
Pitching
Philadelphia IP H R ER BB SO Boston IP H R ER BB SO
Rube Waddell 8 10 3 3 0 6 Cy Young 9 0 0 0 0 8
Totals 8 10 3 3 0 6 Totals 9 0 0 0 0 8

References

Bibliography
  • Browning, Reed (2003). Cy Young: A Baseball Life. University of Massachusetts Press. ISBN 1558493980. Retrieved April 30, 2012.
In-line citations
  1. ^ "American League". The Sun  – via ProQuest (subscription required). May 6, 1904. p. 13.
  2. ^ a b "Cy Young Perfect Game Box Score". Retrieved April 26, 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Waddell vs Young". By Daniel O'Brien. philadelphiaathletics.org. Archived from the original on 2007-06-26. Retrieved 2007-06-23.
  4. ^ a b c d Browning, p. 143
  5. ^ "Bill Plaschke: Clayton Kershaw's actions were Cy Young-worthy - latimes.com". Latimesblogs.latimes.com. 2011-09-15. Retrieved 2012-04-30.
  6. ^ Browning, pp. 141-142
  7. ^ a b Browning, p. 142
  8. ^ "Clarifying Some of the Records*". Society for American Baseball Research. Archived from the original on August 4, 2011.
  9. ^ Peticca, Mike (July 27, 2011). "No-hitters: Did you ever attend a record-book type major league game? Tell us your memories". The Plain Dealer. Archived from the original on August 4, 2011.
Frank Dwyer

John Francis Dwyer (March 25, 1868 – February 4, 1943) was an American right-handed pitcher and manager in Major League Baseball with the Chicago White Stockings (1888–1889), Chicago Pirates (1890), Cincinnati Kelly's Killers (1891), Milwaukee Brewers (1891), St. Louis Browns (1892) and Cincinnati Reds (1892–1899).

Freddy Parent

Frederick Alfred Parent (November 25, 1875 – November 2, 1972) was a professional baseball player. He played all or part of eleven seasons in Major League Baseball, between 1899 and 1911, for the St. Louis Perfectos (1899), Boston Americans (1901–07) and Chicago White Sox (1908–11), primarily as a shortstop. Parent batted and threw right-handed. He was born in Biddeford, Maine.

Listed at 5 ft 7 in (1.70 m), 154 lb., Parent was known primarily for his fielding skills, but he also was a solid hitter and an intelligent baserunner. Twice he hit .300, including a career-high .306 in 1901, and led the American League in at bats in 1902. He broke up three no-hit bids, as he got his club's only hits in these games. At shortstop, his fine defensive plays saved four no-hitters, including Cy Young's perfect game. He also was a member of the Boston team who clinched in 1903 the first World Championship in major league history.

In a 12-season career, Parent was a .262 hitter (1306-for-4984) with 20 home runs and 471 RBI in 1327 games, including 180 doubles, 74 triples, 633 runs and 184 stolen bases. In eight WS games, he hit .281 (9-32) with eight runs and four RBI.

In the fall of 1960, Parent appeared on the television program I've Got A Secret alongside Pittsburgh Pirate Tommy Leach, as a commemoration of participating in the first World Series in 1903.

Parent died in Sanford, Maine, at the age of 96. At the time of his death, he was the last surviving participant of the inaugural 1903 World Series.

List of Boston Red Sox seasons

The Boston Red Sox are a professional baseball team based in Boston, Massachusetts. From 1912 to the present, the Red Sox have played in Fenway Park. The "Red Sox" name originates from the iconic uniform feature. They are sometimes nicknamed the "BoSox", a combination of "Boston" and "Sox" (as opposed to the "ChiSox"), the "Crimson Hose", and "the Olde Towne Team". Most fans simply refer to them as the Sox.

One of the American League's eight charter franchises, the club was founded in Boston in 1901. They were a dominant team in the early 20th century, defeating the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first World Series in 1903. They won four more championships by 1918, and then went into one of the longest championship droughts in baseball history. Many attributed the phenomenon to the "Curse of the Bambino" said to have been caused by the trade of Babe Ruth to the New York Yankees in 1920. The drought was ended and the "curse" reversed in 2004, when the team won their sixth World Series Championship. The Red Sox led all MLB teams in average road attendance in 2007, while the small capacity of Fenway caused them to rank 11th in home attendance. Every home game from May 15, 2003 through April 10, 2013 was sold out—a span of 820 games over nearly ten years.

Logos and uniforms of the Boston Red Sox

The primary home uniform for the Boston Red Sox is white with red piping around the neck and down either side of the front placket and "RED SOX" in red letters outlined in blue arched across the chest. This has been in use since 1979, and was previously used from 1933 to 1972, although the piping occasionally disappeared and reappeared; in between the Red Sox wore pullovers with the same "RED SOX" template. There are red numbers, but no player name, on the back of the home uniform.

Ossee Schreckengost

Ossee Freeman Schreckengost (April 11, 1875 – July 9, 1914), born F. Osee Schrecongost, was an American professional baseball catcher and first baseman. He played for seven Major League Baseball (MLB) teams between 1897 and 1908. Between 1902 and 1908, he caught for the Philadelphia Athletics, where he was the roommate and battery mate for pitcher Rube Waddell. Schreckengost's first name is sometimes spelled "Ossie" and his last name is sometimes shortened to "Schreck" to suit the limited space in baseball box scores.

Roy Castleton

Royal Eugene Castleton (July 26, 1885 – June 24, 1967) was a relief pitcher for the New York Highlanders and Cincinnati Reds. The first native of the state of Utah and the first Mormon to play in the major leagues, Castleton made his debut with the Highlanders on April 16, 1907, and played his final game with the Reds on May 29, 1910.Castleton's potential as a player was undermined by chronic health problems that ultimately forced him to retire. He is most often remembered for pitching a perfect game while playing for a team in the Ohio–Pennsylvania League.

Rube Waddell

George Edward "Rube" Waddell (October 13, 1876 – April 1, 1914) was an American southpaw pitcher in Major League Baseball (MLB). In a career spanning 13 years, he played for the Louisville Colonels (1897, 1899), Pittsburgh Pirates (1900–01) and Chicago Orphans (1901) in the National League, and the Philadelphia Athletics (1902–07) and St. Louis Browns (1908–10) in the American League. Born in Bradford, Pennsylvania, Waddell was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1946.

Waddell was a remarkably dominant strikeout pitcher in an era when batters mostly slapped at the ball to get singles. He had an excellent fastball, a sharp-breaking curveball, a screwball, and superb control (his strikeout-to-walk ratio was almost 3-to-1). He led the major leagues in strikeouts for six consecutive years.

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