Cy Williams

Frederick "Cy" Williams (December 21, 1887 – April 23, 1974) was an American professional baseball player.[1] He played in Major League Baseball as an outfielder for the Chicago Cubs (1912–17) and Philadelphia Phillies (1918–30).[1] As Major League Baseball emerged from the dead-ball era, Williams became one of the most prominent home run hitters in the National League.[2][3][4]

Cy Williams
Cy Williams 1921
1921 baseball card of Williams
Outfielder
Born: December 21, 1887
Wadena, Indiana
Died: April 23, 1974 (aged 86)
Eagle River, Wisconsin
Batted: Left Threw: Left
MLB debut
July 18, 1912, for the Chicago Cubs
Last MLB appearance
September 22, 1930, for the Philadelphia Phillies
MLB statistics
Batting average.292
Home runs251
Runs batted in1,005
Teams
Career highlights and awards

Baseball career

Born in Wadena, Indiana, Williams attended Notre Dame where he studied architecture and played football with Knute Rockne.[2] His hitting prowess caught the attention of the Chicago Cubs, who purchased his contract after he graduated from college.[2] Williams made his major league debut with the Cubs on July 18, 1912 at the age of 24.[1] From 1915 to 1927 he was a consistent power hitting center fielder, leading the National League in home runs four times during his career.[1] He is the only player other than Babe Ruth to lead a major league in home runs in both the dead-ball era and live-ball era (leading the National League with 12 and 15 home runs in 1916 and 1920, then with 41 and 30 in 1923 and 1927).

Williams was the first National League player to hit 200 career home runs, and is one of three players born before 1900 to hit 200 homers in his career (Babe Ruth and Rogers Hornsby are the others). He was the National League's career home run leader until his record of 251 was surpassed by Hornsby in 1929.[2]

Williams is the Phillies' all-time leader in extra-innings grand slams with two and holds the major league record for being the oldest player ever to win a home run title, hitting 30 home runs to win the National League home run title in 1927 at 39 years of age. Williams hit for the cycle on August 5, 1927. He hit 3 home runs on May 11, 1923. Williams went 5 for 5 on September 6, 1924, his only 5-hit game in his career.

In a 19-year major league career, Williams played in 2,002 games, accumulating 1,981 hits in 6,780 at bats for a .292 career batting average along with 251 home runs, 1,005 runs batted in and an on-base percentage of .365.[1] He hit over .300 six times in his career. An excellent defensive player, Williams had a .973 career fielding percentage, which was nine points higher than the league average during his playing career.[1]

The Williams Shift, in which defensive players moved to the right side of the playing field, is often associated with Ted Williams, but it was actually first employed against Cy Williams during the 1920s.[3][4] He played in his final major league game on September 22, 1930 at the age of 42.[1] In 1931, Williams served as a player-manager in the minor leagues for the Richmond Byrds of the Eastern League.[5]

Later life

After retirement, Williams worked as an architect in Three Lakes, Wisconsin.[2] He died there at age 86 in 1974.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Cy Williams statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
  2. ^ a b c d e Cy Williams at the SABR Bio Project, by Cappy Gagnon, retrieved 24 April 2012
  3. ^ a b Vass, George (August 1999). 20th Century All-Overlooked Stars. Baseball Digest. Books.Google.com. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
  4. ^ a b Vass, George (July 2004). Baseball's Forgotten Stars. Baseball Digest. Books.Google.com. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
  5. ^ "Cy Williams minor league statistics". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 24 April 2012.

External links

Achievements
Preceded by
Jim Bottomley
Hitting for the cycle
August 5, 1927
Succeeded by
Bill Terry
1916 Major League Baseball season

The 1916 Major League Baseball season.

1918 Philadelphia Phillies season

The following lists the events of the 1918 Philadelphia Phillies season.

1921 Philadelphia Phillies season

The following lists the events of the 1921 Philadelphia Phillies season.

1923 Florida Gators football team

The 1923 Florida Gators football team represented the University of Florida during the 1923 Southern Conference football season. This was Major James Van Fleet's first of two seasons as the head coach of the Florida Gators football team. Van Fleet was a serving officer in the U.S. Army and a professor of military tactics in the university's Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) program, and had been a standout fullback on the undefeated West Point Cadets team of 1914. Van Fleet's 1923 Florida Gators finished 6–1–2 overall, and 1–0–2 in the Southern Conference, placing third of twenty-one teams in the conference standings.Notably, Florida alumni and students celebrated their first-ever Homecoming with a 19–7 victory over the Mercer Baptists. The Gators tied the defending SoCon champion Georgia Tech Golden Tornado, and the highlight of the 1923 season was a 16–6 upset of coach Wallace Wade's previously undefeated Alabama Crimson Tide on a muddy, rain-soaked field in Birmingham, Alabama in the final game of the year.

1923 Major League Baseball season

The 1923 Major League Baseball season.

1924 Florida Gators football team

The 1924 Florida Gators football team represented the University of Florida during the 1924 Southern Conference football season. This was Major James Van Fleet's second and final year as the head coach of the Florida Gators football team. Van Fleet's 1924 Florida Gators finished 6–2–2 overall, and 2–0–1 in the Southern Conference, placing second of twenty-two teams in the conference standings.The Gators traveled further during the 1924 season than any other college football team in the country, and received national recognition for a controversial tie with Texas Longhorns and the close loss to Army. The season also involves a tie with southern power Georgia Tech.

1924 Philadelphia Phillies season

The 1924 Philadelphia Phillies season saw the Phillies climb out of last place and into seventh and home attendance improving to over 299,000. Cy Williams led the team in home runs with 24.

1925 Florida Gators football team

The 1925 Florida Gators football team represented the University of Florida during the 1925 Southern Conference football season. This was law student Harold Sebring's first of three seasons as the head coach of the Florida Gators football team. Sebring's 1925 Florida Gators finished 8–2 overall, and 3–2 in the Southern Conference, placing eighth of twenty-two teams in the conference standings.The Gators compiled their best win-loss record to date, losing only to the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets 7–23 in Atlanta, Georgia and coach Wallace Wade's undefeated Alabama Crimson Tide 0–34 in Montgomery, Alabama. The highlights of the season included conference victories over the Wake Forest Demon Deacons, Clemson Tigers, Mississippi A&M Aggies and Washington & Lee Generals.

Captain and halfback Edgar C. Jones set a Florida single-season scoring record (108 points) that lasted until 1969.

1927 Major League Baseball season

The 1927 Major League Baseball season began in April 1927 and ended with the 1927 World Series in October. No no-hitters were thrown during the season.

The New York Yankees, whose lineup featured Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig, dominated the American League with 110 wins. The Yankees swept the Pittsburgh Pirates in the World Series.

1927 Philadelphia Phillies season

The following lists the events of the 1927 Philadelphia Phillies season.

1929 Philadelphia Phillies season

The following lists the events of the 1929 Philadelphia Phillies season.

1930 Philadelphia Phillies season

The following lists the events of the 1930 Philadelphia Phillies season.

Cy Williams (American football)

Burton Caswell "Cy" Williams (October 12, 1903 – September 28, 1965) was an American college and professional football player who was a tackle for three different professional teams in the American Football League (AFL) and National Football League (NFL) during the 1920s and early 1930s.

Dave Robertson

Davis Aydelotte Robertson (September 25, 1889 – November 5, 1970) was an American professional baseball player. He was an outfielder over parts of nine seasons with the New York Giants, Chicago Cubs, and Pittsburgh Pirates.

Robertson was born in Portsmouth, Virginia. He attended North Carolina State University after matriculating at Maury High School and Norfolk Academy.

In 1916 and 1917, he tied for the National League lead in home runs (with Cy Williams and Gavvy Cravath, respectively) while playing for New York. The short-distanced right field fence at the Polo Grounds was a frequent target of long drives hit by Robertson and his Giants' teammate, Benny Kauff. Their hits to right field became so much of an issue that National League officials convened following the 1916 baseball season. Baseball officials decided to amend Rule #1, which read the shortest distance from a fence or stand on fair territory to the home base should be 235 feet. The amendment to the rule changed the shortest distance from a stand or fence to 270 feet.Robertson played for the Giants in the 1917 World Series against the Chicago White Sox, his 11 hits leading the team in the Series in a losing cause. A member of the Giants during the 1922 season, he did not make an appearance in the 1922 World Series. The champion Giants swept all four games of that Series from their crosstown rival New York Yankees.

In a nine-year major-league career, Robertson posted a .287 batting average (812-2830) with 366 runs, 47 home runs and 364 RBI in 804 games played. His on-base percentage was .318 and slugging percentage was .409. He surpassed the .300 batting mark three times. On September 14,1920, he went 5-5 as a member of the Cubs. On August 19, 1921, he had 8 RBI in a game as a member of the Pirates. Eleven days later, on August 30, he hit for the cycle.

Robertson died at the age of 81 in Virginia Beach, Virginia.

Fred Luderus

Frederick William Luderus (September 12, 1885 – January 5, 1961) was an American professional baseball player who played first base in the major leagues from 1909–1920 for the Philadelphia Phillies and Chicago Cubs.

Luderus was a member of the 1915 Phillies team that won the National League pennant. He was the first Phillie to hit a home run in the World Series.

He rebuilt his home in Three Lakes, Wisconsin with the help of architect, neighbor and Phillies teammate Cy Williams.

Hexatron Engineering

Hexatron Engineering Co., Inc. is an American aerospace engineering, aircraft engine and aircraft parts manufacturer based in Salt Lake City, Utah. The company was founded in 1982 by Cy Williams and specializes in the design and manufacture of airline aircraft crew seats and also has an aircraft engine design in production for homebuilt, ultralight aircraft and the American light-sport aircraft categories.The company builds cabin attendant and crew seats for the McDonnell-Douglas DC-10 and DC-9 aircraft and can modify or manufacture aircraft seats, in accordance with the Technical Standard Orders. The company has also done design and fabrication work for Aerojet, Hercules Inc., Motorola, Lockheed Corporation, Martin Marietta, Stanley Aviation, Texas Instruments and Thiokol.In 1995 the company decided to develop a line of aircraft engines and designed the Hexadyne P60, a two-cylinder, horizontally-opposed four-stroke powerplant which remains in production.

Jim Presley

James Arthur Presley (born October 23, 1961) is a former Major League Baseball infielder with an eight-year career from 1984 to 1991. He played for the Seattle Mariners of the American League and the Atlanta Braves and San Diego Padres of the National League. He was primarily a third baseman but also saw some time playing first base. His nickname was "Hound Dog".

As a youth, he played baseball through the Dixie Youth association, first at Pensacola Brent then later Pensacola Myrtle Grove. He graduated from Escambia High School in 1978.

While playing for Seattle in 1986, Presley became only the second batter in Major League history to hit two walk-off grand slams in the same season, joining Cy Williams, who had done so in 1926. Also in 1986, Presley was named to the American League All-Star team after hitting .265 with 27 home runs and a career high 107 RBIs. Injuries began to derail his career a couple of years later, and by 1992 he had segued from playing to coaching.

On December 21, 2005 he was signed to be the hitting coach for the Florida Marlins. He was fired along with manager Fredi González and bench coach Carlos Tosca on June 23, 2010. He was replaced on an interim basis by John Mallee, who was the Marlins minor league hitting coordinator.

On October 8, 2010 Presley was inducted into the Escambia High School Sports Hall of Fame during halftime of an EHS football game along with former Dallas Cowboys Hall of Fame running back Emmitt Smith and a few other EHS alumni.

Presley joined the Baltimore Orioles as their hitting coach for the 2011 season.

List of Major League Baseball annual home run leaders

In baseball, a home run is scored when the ball is hit so far that the batter is able to circle all the bases ending at home plate, scoring himself plus any runners already on base, with no errors by the defensive team on the play. An automatic home run is achieved by hitting the ball on the fly over the outfield fence in fair territory. More rarely, an inside-the-park home run occurs when the hitter reaches home plate while the baseball remains in play on the field. In Major League Baseball (MLB), a player in each league wins the home run title each season by hitting the most home runs that year. Only home runs hit in a particular league count towards that league's seasonal lead. Mark McGwire, for example, hit 58 home runs in 1997, more than any other player that year. However, McGwire was traded from the American League's (AL) Oakland Athletics to the National League's (NL) St. Louis Cardinals midway through the season and his individual AL and NL home run totals (34 and 24, respectively) did not qualify to lead either league.The first home run champion in the National League was George Hall. In the league's inaugural 1876 season, Hall hit five home runs for the short-lived National League Philadelphia Athletics. In 1901, the American League was established and Hall of Fame second baseman Nap Lajoie led it with 14 home runs for the American League Philadelphia Athletics. Over the course of his 22-season career, Babe Ruth led the American League in home runs 12 times. Mike Schmidt and Ralph Kiner have the second and third most home run titles respectively, Schmidt with eight and Kiner with seven, all won in the National League. Kiner's seven consecutive titles from 1946 to 1952 are also the most consecutive home run titles by any player.

Ruth set the Major League Baseball single-season home run record four times, first at 29 (1919), then 54 (1920), 59 (1921), and finally 60 (1927). Ruth's 1920 and 1921 seasons are tied for the widest margin of victory for a home run champion as he topped the next highest total by 35 home runs in each season. The single season mark of 60 stood for 34 years until Roger Maris hit 61 home runs in 1961. Maris' mark was broken 37 years later by both Mark McGwire and Sammy Sosa during the 1998 home run record chase, with McGwire ultimately setting the mark at 70. Barry Bonds, who also has the most career home runs, set the current single season record of 73 in 2001. The 1998 and 2001 seasons each had 4 players hit 50 or more home runs – Greg Vaughn, Ken Griffey, Jr., Sosa, and McGwire in 1998 and Alex Rodriguez, Luis Gonzalez, Sosa, and Bonds in 2001. A player has hit 50 or more home runs 42 times, 25 times since 1990. The lowest home run total to lead a major league was four, recorded in the NL by Lip Pike in 1877 and Paul Hines in 1878.

Philadelphia Phillies all-time roster

The Philadelphia Phillies are a Major League Baseball team based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They are a member of the Eastern Division of Major League Baseball's National League. The team has played officially under two names since beginning play in 1883: the current moniker, as well as the "Quakers", which was used in conjunction with "Phillies" during the team's early history. The team was also known unofficially as the "Blue Jays" during the World War II era. Since the franchise's inception, 2,006 players have made an appearance in a competitive game for the team, whether as an offensive player (batting and baserunning) or a defensive player (fielding, pitching, or both).

Of those 2,006 Phillies, 202 players have had surnames beginning with the letter M, which is the largest total of any single letter, followed by S with 187 players. The highest numbers of individual batters belongs to M (115), and S has the most pitchers (90). The letters with the smallest representation are Q (5 players), U (6 players), Z (7 players), and Y (8 players); however, there has never been a Phillies player, nor a player in Major League Baseball history, whose surname begins with the letter X.Thirty-two players in Phillies history have been inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. Those players for whom the Hall recognizes the Phillies as their primary team include Grover Cleveland Alexander, Richie Ashburn, Dave Bancroft, Steve Carlton, Ed Delahanty, Billy Hamilton, Chuck Klein, Robin Roberts, Mike Schmidt, and Sam Thompson; manager Harry Wright was also inducted for his contributions with the club. The Phillies have retired numbers for six players, including Schmidt (#20), Carlton (#32), Ashburn (#1), Roberts (#36), and Jim Bunning (#14); the sixth retired number is Jackie Robinson's #42, which was retired throughout baseball in 1997. The Phillies also honor two additional players with the letter "P" in the manner of a retired number: Alexander played before numbers were used in the major leagues; and Klein wore a variety of numbers in his Phillies career.Thirty-six Phillies players have been elected to the Philadelphia Baseball Wall of Fame. All of the players listed above (save Robinson) have been elected; also included are Dick Allen, Bob Boone, Larry Bowa, Johnny Callison, Gavvy Cravath, Darren Daulton, Del Ennis, Jimmie Foxx, Dallas Green, Granny Hamner, Willie Jones, John Kruk, Mike Lieberthal, Greg Luzinski, Garry Maddox, Sherry Magee, Tug McGraw, Juan Samuel, Curt Schilling, Bobby Shantz, Chris Short, Curt Simmons, Tony Taylor, John Vukovich, and Cy Williams. Foxx and Shantz were inducted for their contributions as members of the Philadelphia Athletics. Two non-players are also members of the Wall of Fame for their contributions to the Phillies: broadcaster Harry Kalas; and manager, general manager, and team executive Paul Owens.

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