Cutthroat eel

Cutthroat eels are a family, Synaphobranchidae, of eels, the only members of the suborder Synaphobranchoidei. They are found worldwide in temperate and tropical seas.[2][3]

Cutthroat eels range from 23 to 160 cm (9.1 to 63.0 in) in length. They are bottom-dwelling fish, found in deep waters down to about 3,700 m (12,100 ft).[4] They are distinguished by the presence of telescopic eyes in the larvae. In some classifications (for example, ITIS), this family is split, with Simenchelys in its own family, the Simenchelyidae.

Cutthroat eels
Ilyophis brunneus
Muddy arrowtooth eel, Ilyophis brunneus.
From plate 43 of Oceanic Ichthyology by George Brown Goode and Tarleton Hoffman Bean, published 1896.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Anguilliformes
Suborder: Synaphobranchoidei
Family: Synaphobranchidae
J. Y. Johnson, 1862
Genera[1]

References

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). "Synaphobranchidae" in FishBase. December 2012 version.
  2. ^ "eel | fish". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2017-05-15.
  3. ^ "Marine Species Identification Portal : Cutthroat eels - Family Synaphobranchidae". species-identification.org. Retrieved 2017-05-15.
  4. ^ McCosker, John F. (1998). Paxton, J.R.; Eschmeyer, W.N. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 90. ISBN 0-12-547665-5.
Abyssal cutthroat eel

The Abyssal cutthroat eel (Meadia abyssalis) is an eel in the family Synaphobranchidae (cutthroat eels). It was described by Toshiji Kamohara in 1938. It is a marine, deep water-dwelling eel which is known from the Indo-Pacific, including Brazil, the Hancock Seamount, the Hawaiian and Society islands, Japan, Mauritius, and Réunion. It is found off the continental slope, and dwells at a depth range of 100–329 metres. Males can reach a maximum total length of 73 centimetres.

Atractodenchelys

Atractodenchelys is a genus of eels in the cutthroat eel family, Synaphobranchidae.

Basketwork eel

The basketwork eel, Diastobranchus capensis, is a cutthroat eel, the only species in the genus Diastobranchus. It is found off southern Australia, South Africa, and around New Zealand, in depths over 1,000 m. Its length is between 80 and 120 cm.

Bruun's cutthroat eel

Bruun's cutthroat eel, Histiobranchus bruuni, is a cutthroat eel of the genus Histiobranchus, found around New Zealand at the bottom of the deep ocean basin at depths of between 4,000 and 5,000 m. Their length is between 40 and 60 cm.

Cut-throat

Cut-throat, cutthroat or cut throat or their plurals may refer to:

A murderer; one who performs the unlawful killing, with malice aforethought, of another human

Cut throat competition, for example a price race that drives competitors out of the market

Deepwater arrowtooth eel

The deepwater arrowtooth eel, Histiobranchus bathybius, is a cutthroat eel of the genus Histiobranchus, found globally.

Dysomma

Dysomma is a genus of eels in the cutthroat eel family Synaphobranchidae.

Dysommina

Dysommina is a genus of eels in the cutthroat eel family Synaphobranchidae. It currently contains the following species:

Dysommina proboscideus (E. H. M. Lea, 1913)

Dysommina rugosa Ginsburg, 1951

Dysommina orientalis Tighe et al., 2018

In 2005 there was discovered Eel City - an unusual community of Dysommina rugosa on the summit of Vailulu'u submarine volcano.

Grey cutthroat eel

The grey cutthroat eel, Synaphobranchus affinis, is a cutthroat eel. It is found globally in deep waters.

Histiobranchus

Histiobranchus is a genus of eels in the family Synaphobranchidae. It currently contains the following species:

Histiobranchus australis (Regan, 1913)

Histiobranchus bathybius (Deepwater arrowtooth eel)(Günther, 1877)

Histiobranchus bruuni (Bruun's cutthroat eel)Castle, 1964

Ilyophis

Ilyophis is a genus of eels in the cutthroat eel family Synaphobranchidae.

Kaup's arrowtooth eel

The Kaup's arrowtooth eel (Synaphobranchus kaupii, also known as the Kaup's cut-throat eel, the Gray's cutthroat, the Longnosed eel, the Northern cutthroat eel, or the Slatjaw cutthroat eel) is an eel in the family Synaphobranchidae (cutthroat eels). It was described by James Yate Johnson in 1862. It is a marine, deep water-dwelling eel which is known from the Indo-Western Pacific and eastern and western Atlantic Ocean, including the Faroe Islands, Iceland, Cape Verde, the Western Sahara, Nigeria, Namibia, South Africa, Greenland, France, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, the United Kingdom, Ireland, the Philippines, Portugal, Spain, the Bahamas, Brazil, Canada, Cuba, Japan, Australia, Mauritania, Morocco, and Hawaii. It dwells at a depth range of 120 to 4,800 metres (390 to 15,750 ft), most often between 400 to 2,200 metres (1,300 to 7,200 ft), and inhabits the upper abyssal zone on the continental slope. It is intolerant of the temperatures of higher waters. Males can reach a maximum total length of 100 centimetres (39 in).The common name and species epithet "kaupii" refer to naturalist Johann Jakob Kaup. The Kaup's arrowtooth eel is preyed on by Coryphaenoides rupestris. Its own diet consists of benthic crustaceans including decapods and amphipods, planktonic crustaceans including euphausiids and mysids, cephalopods including species of Rossia, and bony fish including Macroramphosus scolopax. It is of no commercial interest to fisheries, but it is sometimes caught as by-catch by bottom longline and baited fish traps.Due to the widespread distribution of the species and its abundance in many regions, the IUCN redlist currently lists the Kaup's arrowtooth eel as Least Concern.

List of fish common names

This is a list of common fish names. While some common names refer to a single species or family, others have been used for a confusing variety of types; the articles listed here should explain the possibilities if the name is ambiguous.

Meadia

Meadia is a genus of eels in the cutthroat eel family Synaphobranchidae. It currently contains the following species:

Meadia abyssalis (Kamohara, 1938) (Abyssal cutthroat eel)

Meadia roseni H. K. Mok, C. Y. Lee & H. J. Chan, 1991

Muddy arrowtooth eel

The muddy arrowtooth eel, Ilyophis brunneus, is a cutthroat eel in the family Synaphobranchidae. It is found around the world at depths below 1,000 m. Its length is up to 160 cm.

New England Seamounts

The New England Seamounts are an underwater chain of seamounts in the Atlantic Ocean stretching over 1,000 km from the edge of the Georges Bank off the coast of Massachusetts. The chain consists of over twenty extinct volcanic peaks, many rising over 4,000 m from the seabed. It is the longest seamount chain in the North Atlantic and harbours a diverse range of deep sea fauna. Scientists have visited the chain on various occasions to survey the geologic makeup and biota of the region. The chain forms part of the Great Meteor hotspot track, having formed by the movement of the North American Plate over the New England hotspot. The oldest volcanoes that were formed by the same hotspot are northwest of Hudson Bay, Canada. Part of the seamount chain is protected by Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument.

This seamount range has been known under a variety of different gazetted names, including the Kelvin Seamounts, Kelvin Seamount Group, Kelvin Banks, New England Seamount Chain and the Bermuda-New England Seamount Arc.

Shortdorsal cutthroat eel

The Shortdorsal cutthroat eel (Synaphobranchus brevidorsalis, also known commonly as the Shortfin cut-throat eel) is an eel in the family Synaphobranchidae (cutthroat eels). It was described by Albert Günther in 1887. It is a marine, deep water-dwelling eel which is known from the Indo-Pacific and western central Atlantic Ocean, including Zanzibar, Maldives, Australia, Japan, Suriname, and the Gulf of Mexico. It dwells at a depth range of 900 to 3,000 metres (3,000 to 9,800 ft), most often between 1,000 to 2,500 metres (3,300 to 8,200 ft), and leads a benthic lifestyle, inhabiting the continental slope. Males can reach a maximum total length of 111 centimetres (44 in).

Southern cut-throat eel

The Southern cut-throat eel (Histiobranchus australis) is an eel in the family Synaphobranchidae (cutthroat eels). It was described by Regan in 1913. It is a marine, deep water-dwelling eel which is known from the southern Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Ocean. It dwells at a depth range of 950 to 3,001 metres (3,117 to 9,846 ft), and leads a benthic lifestyle. Males can reach a maximum total length of 62.8 centimetres (24.7 in), while females can reach a maximum TL of 67.0 centimetres (26.4 in).

Synaphobranchus

Synaphobranchus is a genus of eels in the cutthroat eel family, Synaphobranchidae. It currently contains the following species:

Synaphobranchus affinis Günther, 1877 (Grey cutthroat eel)

Synaphobranchus brevidorsalis Günther, 1887 (Shortdorsal cutthroat eel)

Synaphobranchus calvus M. R. S. de Melo, 2007

Synaphobranchus dolichorhynchus (E. H. M. Lea, 1913)

Synaphobranchus kaupii J. Y. Johnson, 1862 (Kaup's arrowtooth eel)

Synaphobranchus oregoni Castle, 1960

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