Cuttack district

Cuttack district is one of the 30 districts of Odisha state in East India. Its administrative headquarters are located in the city of Cuttack. As of 2011 Census, after Ganjam, it is the second most populous district of Odisha (out of 30), with a population of 2,624,470.[1]

Cuttack District
District
Mahanadi river in the Cuttack district
Mahanadi river in the Cuttack district
Location in Odisha, India
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 20°27′58″N 85°49′59″E / 20.466°N 85.833°ECoordinates: 20°27′58″N 85°49′59″E / 20.466°N 85.833°E
Country India
StateOdisha
Founded byDarkhapatana
HeadquartersCuttack
Government
 • Collector & District MagistrateShri Aravind Agrawal , I.A.S.
Area
 • Total3,932 km2 (1,518 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 • Total2,618,708
 • Rank2nd
 • Density666/km2 (1,720/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialOdia
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
754 xxx
Telephone code0671
Vehicle registrationOD-05
Sex ratio955 /
Literacy84.20%
Lok Sabha constituencyCuttack
Vidhan Sabha constituency10
ClimateAw (Köppen)
Precipitation1,501.3 millimetres (59.11 in)
Avg. summer temperature40 °C (104 °F)
Avg. winter temperature10 °C (50 °F)
Websitecuttack.nic.in

Geography and Climate

The district covers an area of 3932 km². The geographical location of the district is 20.517° N latitude and 85.726° E longitude. From the point of view of climatology, the average annual precipitation over the district is about 1440 mm, most of which occurs during south-west monsoon period (June to September). The temperature seems moderate for the area throughout the year except for the summer season (March to mid-June), where the average maximum temperature is 41 °C. The average minimum temperature over the district is 10 °C.[2]

Divisions

This district was subdivided into 15 tehsils and 15 Revenue Blocks. The tehsils are Banki, Cuttack, Niali, Salepur, Choudwar, Mahanga, Kishannagar, Athagad, Baramba, Narasinghpur, Tigiria, Baranga, Kantapada, Nischintakoili and Damapada. The last four were created in 2008.[3]

Education

Culture

Religious Places

There are religious establishments often built within close proximity of each other in Cuttack.

  • Katak Chandi Temple: The temple of goddess Katak Chandi is probably the most famous religious establishment of city. With Katak Chandi being worshiped as the main goddess, the temple has smaller temples of other Gods and goddesses in its small compound. Not far away is the Gada Chandi temple which is inside the Barabati Fort. There is a temple of Lord Shiva on the banks of Mahanadi River, and near the fort, known as Gada Gadia temple.
  • Paramahansa Nath Temple: Cuttack also hosts the Paramahansa Nath temple (near Biribati, 14 km from the city center), Bhattarika Temple, Dhabaleswar temple, Charchika Temple, Panchamukhi Hanuman temple and the oldest temple is Charchika Temple. The Barabati fort houses the Gada Chandi temple which is one of the oldest temples in Cuttack. The Dhabaleswar temple is located on an island in the river Mahanadi and is connected to the mainland by a long hanging bridge. The pillar less hanging bridge is unique of its kind in India.
  • Daatan Sahib Gurdwara: A holy historical Sikh shrine, the Gurdwara Daatan Sahib is where the first Sikh Guru, Shree Guru Nanak Dev, halted on his way to Puri. It is believed that a tree branch planted by him after using it as a tooth cleaner still flourishes here, hence the name Daatan Sahib. Cuttack houses several churches that include holy Rosary church, Oriya Baptist church, etc. Cuttack town enjoyed for a pretty long time the honour of being the seat of political authority of the Muslims in Odisha. During this period numerous Muslim monuments were built in Cuttack. It has various mosques, like Qadam-E-Rasool, Juma Masjid, etc.
  • Jama Masjid: The word Jama means big, and this is the oldest, biggest masjid of Cuttack. It was built during the Mughal era. It possesses several rooms for visitors and students. Earlier there used to be a Madrasa in this mosque. However, since last 10 years, the Madrasa is shifted out. The neighbourhoods surrounding the Juma Masjid are inhabited both by Hindus and Muslims.

Festivals

Cuttack celebrates festivals from all religions with much fanfare and devotion.

  • Dusshera, the festival of goddess Durga, is very popular in Cuttack. There are thousands of idols are worshiped in many streets and localities. In this city, Dussehra is famous for its Chandi o Sona Medhas, in which the idols are adorned with huge amounts of gold and silver, with localities trying to outsmart each other by constructing more attractive idols.Cuttack comes to a standstill on Astami, Navami and in Dashami burning of effigy of the demon Ravana (the eighth, ninth and tenth days of Dussehra) as people travel all over the city appreciating the idols put forth by the neighbourhoods.
  • Kali puja: Just after Durga puja gets over, Cuttackis gear up with all their vigour to celebrate Kali puja. On the auspicious day of Diwali amidst the bursting of firecrackers on the banks of Mahanadi (called Gadgadia ghat) people celebrate the victory of good over evil and pay tribute to the goddess Kali.
  • But the festival which Cuttackis look forward to most is the Bali Yatra. Bali Yatra is supposedly the second largest trade festival in Asia. In olden times, merchants used to trade with South-East Asian countries. Whatever items they brought from those places after trading Oriya goods used to be put up for sale in the capital (which was then Cuttack). People from all over the state and beyond used to come to Cuttack to buy these items. Bali Yatra is the festival of continuing this ancient tradition. It is held every year in November on the banks of the Mahanadi. "Bali Yatra" literally means a festival to celebrate the trade that the ancient Oriyas had with the island of Bali in the ancient days. Many stalls are set up selling both local and exotic goods. People from all over Odisha come to the Baliyatra to buy items, as was the custom back in those days.
  • Kartikeshwar puja: The organized puja committees in charge of carrying out the worship of the deity of Cuttack get ready for Kartikeswar Puja. Kartikeshwar is the eldest son of Lord Shiva. Nowhere else except Sabarimala is the Kartikeswar puja carried out with so much elan.
  • Kite flying is celebrated with much enthusiasm and energy in the city. Kite-flying culminates with the Makar Sankranti, with kite-flying competitions being held all over.

All the other regular Indian festivals like Ganesh Chaturthi, Vasant Panchami, Holi, Id, Good Friday, Rath Yatra, Diwali, Christmas and the numerous Hindu festivals are celebrated here.

Economy

Cuttack is widely known as the commercial capital of Odisha. It is believed to have the largest GDP among all cities in Odisha due to its large business houses and wide range of industries ranging from ferrous alloys, steel and logistics to agriculture and traditional industries like textiles and handicrafts. There are many trading houses in the city renowned nationally and internationally. The Port of Paradip around 85 km from the city facilitates the process.

Large-scale industries

There are 11 large-scale industries in and around Cuttack mostly in Choudwar and Athagarh and many more in the pipeline. These industries include steel, power, automobile, alloys, fireclay, etc. Indian Metals & Ferro Alloys (IMFA), the country's largest producer of ferrous alloys is in Choudwar, Cuttack. A mega-auto complex is in implementation stages on the city's outskirts.

Traditional industries

The legacy of Cuttack in traditional industries in enviable. The city is second largest hub for textiles in eastern India after Raipur. The city's annual textile trade generates over a billion dollars. A large textile park is planned by giving a facelift to the erstwhile Orissa Textile Mills on city outskirts. Cuttack is famous for its glory of craftsmanship of handicraft work in silver filigree. These fine and unique handicraft works add significantly to the local economy.

Logistics and other industries

The number of medium- and small-scale industries concentrated around Cuttack is by far the largest among the cities in the state. The industrial estates in and around Cuttack numbers around eight. Jagatpur and Khapuria are industrial estates inside the city. A large chunk of these serve as ancillary industries for the big industrial houses in Odisha and other states.

Cuttack occupies a very significant place in the logistics map of the country. It connects the upper mineral-advanced districts and states to the Kolkata-Chennai corridor at the meeting point of NH-42 and NH-5 at Manguli Square.

The proximity to Paradip Port comes as an added advantage. OSL Group, one of the leading stevedore firms of the country is headquartered in Cuttack. Cuttack, being the largest business hub of the state is the nodal point of trade and transport. It also has the largest wholesale commodities market of the state at Malgodown and Chatrabazaar catering to the whole state.

Primary and service sector

Agriculture is a mainstay of Cuttack's economy. The nearby villages are known for their high-quality and surplus production of crops, vegetables and fruits. These are usually sold at the largest mandi of the state at Chatrabazaar inside the city. The presence of Central Rice Research Institute (CRRI), the largest rice research institute in Asia, adds to the importance of Cuttack in the agricultural map of the country.

Being the former capital of the state and a big business hub, many central and state government and corporate offices are in Cuttack. The service sector is quite large. The people of nearby districts are heavily depended on the city for their livelihood, contributing to the service sector and, thus, the floating population. The presence of Odisha High Court and the SCB Medical & College, the largest medical institution in the state, further nourishes the service sector. The Oriya film industry, Ollywood, is based in Cuttack and adds to its economy. Education is a major industry due to large number of universities, colleges, schools and coaching centres and caters to the neighboring districts.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Cuttack district has a population of 2,624,470,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[4] or the US state of Nevada.[5] This gives it a ranking of 156th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 666 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,720/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.86%.[1] Cuttack has a sex ratio of 955 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 84.2%.[1]

Important Places

Dhabaleswar

Bhattarika Temple

Anshupa Lake

Charchika Temple

Paramahansanath Temple

Odisha State Maritime Museum

Barabati Fort

Besides these places there are also many interesting places.

Politics

Vidhan sabha constituencies

The following is the 9 Vidhan sabha constituencies[6][7] of Cuttack district and the elected members[8] of that area

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 14th Assembly Party
87 Baramba None Baramba, Baramba Narasinghapur Debiprasad Mishra BJD
88 Banki None Banki (NAC), Banki, Banki-Damapara, Baranga (part) Pravata Kumar Tripathy BJD
89 Athgarh None Athgarh (NAC), Athgarh, Tigiria, Tangi-Chowdwar (part) Ranendra Pratap Swain BJD
90 Barabati-Cuttack None Cuttack (MC) (part) Debashish Samantaray BJD
91 Choudwar-Cuttack None Chowdwar (M), Chowdwar (O. G), Charbatia (C. T), Cuttack (MC) (part), Tangi-Chowdwar (part) Pravat Ranjan Biswal BJD
92 Niali SC Niali, Kantapada, Baranga (part) Pramod Kumar Mallick BJD
93 Cuttack Sadar SC Cuttack Sadar, Cuttack (MC) (part), Nischintakoili (part) Chandra sarathi Behera BJD
87 Salipur None Salipur, Tangi-Chowdwar (part) Prakash Ch. Behera INC
95 Mahanga None Mahanga, Nischintakoili (part) Pratap Jena BJD

See also

Salepur

Sisua village

Oriya Literature

Oriya language

Odisha

Jagannath

Naraganga village

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  2. ^ Swain, S.; et al. "A Multiple Linear Regression Model for Precipitation Forecasting over Cuttack District, Odisha, India". 2017 2nd International Conference for Convergence in Technology (I2CT): 355–357. doi:10.1109/I2CT.2017.8226150. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-12-30. Retrieved 2011-12-15.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Kuwait 2,595,62
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Nevada 2,700,551
  6. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  7. ^ Seats of Odisha
  8. ^ "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013. MEMBER NAME

External links

Anshupa Lake

The 141-hectare Ansupa Lake (Odia: ଅଂଶୁପା ହ୍ରଦ) is a horseshoe shaped fresh water lake on the left bank of the Mahanadi river, opposite Banki in Cuttack district, Odisha, India. Ansupa Lake in Banki is 40 km from the city of Cuttack, which also acts as a shelter for the migratory birds in the wintry weather season. It is a fresh water lake situated amidst the Saranda Hills and enclosed by bamboo tree greenery and mango trees. To visitor's delight, there is boating and fishing facilities in the Ansupa Lake.This small but extremely picturesque Ansupa lake holds a prominent position in the tourist map of Odisha for its beauty, proximity This eye-catching tourist attraction is about 50 km from Bhubaneshwar. The Govt. of Odisha has taken a giant step to make this lake as one of the Odisha's most popular tourist place. A state highway is now passing by this lake, that connects Athgarh and Banki. Some bamboo cottages are made on the top of Saranda hill for tourist refreshments.

It is one of the major fresh-water lakes of India.

Athagad

Athagad (also spelt as Athgarh) is a town"(N.A.C)" and a sub-division of Cuttack district in the state of Odisha, India.

Athgarh State

Athgarh (ଆଠଗଡ) was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. The state was founded by Sri Karan Niladri Bebarta Patnaik of the Karan caste in 1178 and had its capital in Athgarh (Athagad) town. Its last ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union on 1 January 1950.

It was made part of Cuttack district of Orissa in 1949.

Banki, Odisha

Banki, is a town and a Subdivision, Legislative Council constituency and Notified Area Council in Cuttack district in the state of Odisha, India. Banki is famous for the Charchika Temple, dedicated to the deity of Chamunda, the eight armed goddess, an incarnation of Durga. The temple is located in the centre of the town.

Baramba State

Baramba State (Odia: ବଡମ୍ବା ରାଜ୍ୟ) was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. The state was founded in 1305 and had its capital in Baramba town. Its last ruler signed the accession to the Indian Union on 1 January 1950.

Baramba state was made part of Cuttack district of Orissa in 1948.

Belagachhia

Belagachhia is a census town in Cuttack district in the state of Odisha, India.

Charchika Temple

Charchika Temple is one of the oldest Shakta places in Orissa. It is located in a small town of Banki of Cuttack district in Odisha. The presiding deity is an eight-armed goddess Chamunda, locally known as Maa Charchika Devi. She is seated on a prostrate human body and wearing a garland of human skulls. She displays khadga, shula, katari and varadamudra in her four right hands whereas the four left hands represent severed head, blood-cup, ‘’damru’’ and leaving a finger of the remaining hand soaked in blood. This temple is situated on the top a small hillock Ruchika Parvata on the bed of the Renuka river in the small town of Banki in Cuttack district of Orissa.

Choudwar

Choudwar is a city and a municipality in Cuttack district in the state of Odisha, India.

Cuttack (Lok Sabha constituency)

Cuttack Lok Sabha Constituency is one of the 21 Lok Sabha (Parliamentary) Constituencies in Odisha state in Eastern India.

Assembly Constituencies which constitute this Parliamentary Constituency, after delimitation of Parliamentary Constituencies and Legislative Assembly Constituencies of 2008 are:

Baramba

Banki

Athagarh

Barabati-Cuttack

Choudwar-Cuttack

Cuttack Sadar

KhandapadaAssembly Constituencies which constituted this Parliamentary Constituency, before delimitation of Parliamentary Constituencies and Legislative Assembly Constituencies of 2008 are:

Salepur

Cuttack Sadar

Cuttack City

Tangi-Choudwar

Banki

Athagarh

Baramba

Cuttack Junction railway station

Cuttack railway station is a railway junction and serves Cuttack in the Indian state of Odisha.

Cuttack Sadar

Cuttack Sadar (Sl. No.: 93) is a Vidhan Sabha constituency of Cuttack district, Odisha.This constituency includes Cuttack Sadar block, 3 wards of Cuttack and 14 Gram panchayats (Santapur, Isaniberhampur, Manpur, Janardanpur, Sirlo, Babujanga, Uttarkul, Manijanga, Palada, Mahammadpur, Nemalo, Tilakana, Kalamishri and Bandhupur) Nischintakoili block.

Dadhapatna

Dadhapatna is a census town in Barang Cuttack district in the state of Odisha, India.

Gopinath Mohanty

Gopinath Mohanty (1914–1991), winner of the Jnanpith award, and the first winner of the National Sahitya Akademi Award in 1955 - for his novel, Amrutara Santana - was a prolific Odia writer of the mid-twentieth century. He is widely regarded as the greatest Odia writer since Fakir Mohan Senapati.

Jagatsinghpur (Lok Sabha constituency)

Jagatsinghpur Lok Sabha Constituency is one of the 21 Lok Sabha (Parliamentary) Constituencies in Odisha state in Eastern India.

Kendrapara (Lok Sabha constituency)

Kendrapara Lok Sabha Constituency is one of the 21 Lok Sabha (Parliamentary) Constituencies in Odisha state in Eastern India.

List of constituencies of the Odisha Legislative Assembly

The following is the list of Vidhan sabha Constituencies of Odisha and the Elected Members

* representatives had contested the election with NCP ticket.

Narsinghpur State

Narsinghpur State (Odia: ନରସିଂହପୁର) was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. The state was founded in 1305 and had its capital in Narasinghpur town. The last ruler of Narsinghpur joined the state to the Indian Union in 1948 and Narsinghpur state was made part of the Cuttack district of Orissa.The state was bound in the north by a forested mountain range which marked the border with Hindol State and Angul District; in the east it was bound by Baramba State and in the south and southwest by the Mahanadi River.

Nuapatna

Nuapatna is a census town in Cuttack district in the Indian state of Odisha.

Tigiria State

Tigiria State, also known as Tigiria Nizigarh, was one of the princely states of India during the period of the British Raj. It was located in present-day Tigiria block of Cuttack district, Odisha. Although it was the smallest of the states of the Orissa States Agency it was the most densely populated. The last ruler of Tigiria joined the state to the Indian Union in 1948.The state was bound in the north by Dhenkanal State, in the east it was bound by Athgarh State, in the south by the Mahanadi River and in the west by Baramba State.

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