A Cumberland point is a lithic projectile point, attached to a spear and used as a hunting tool. These sturdy points were intended for use as thrusting weapons and employed by various mid-Paleo-Indians (c. 11,000 BP) in the Southeastern US in the killing of large game mammals.
Clovis points are the characteristically-fluted projectile points associated with the New World Clovis culture. They are present in dense concentrations across much of North America; in South America, they are largely restricted to the north of that continent. Clovis points date to the Early Paleoindian period roughly 13,500 to 12,800 calendar years ago. Clovis fluted points are named after the city of Clovis, New Mexico, where examples were first found in 1929 by Ridgely Whiteman.A typical Clovis point is a medium to large lanceolate point. Sides are parallel to convex, and exhibit careful pressure flaking along the blade edge. The broadest area is near the midsection or toward the base. The base is distinctly concave with a characteristic flute or channel flake removed from one or, more commonly, both surfaces of the blade. The lower edges of the blade and base are ground to dull edges for hafting. Clovis points also tend to be thicker than the typically thin later-stage Folsom points. with length ranging from 4 to 20 centimetres (1.6 to 7.9 in) and width from 2.5 to 5 centimetres (0.98 to 1.97 in). Whether the points were knife blades or spear points is an open question.Cumberland Head, New York
Cumberland Head is a census-designated place and region of the town of Plattsburgh in Clinton County, New York, United States. The population was 1,627 at the 2010 census.Cumberland Head is a peninsula projecting into Lake Champlain, and includes the communities of Rocky Point and Champlain Park.
A landing for the Lake Champlain Transportation Company's ferry to Gordon Landing on Grand Isle, Vermont, is near the south end of Cumberland Head. Cumberland Bay State Park is located at the northern end of the peninsula.
There is a historic lighthouse on the end of Cumberland Head.Dust Cave
Dust Cave is a Paleoindian archaeology site located in northern Alabama. It is in the Highland Rim in the limestone bluffs that overlook Coffee Slough, a tributary of the Tennessee River. The site was occupied during the Pleistocene and early Holocene eras. 1LU496, another name for Dust Cave, was occupied seasonally for 7,000 years. The cave was first discovered in 1984 by Dr. Richard Cobb and first excavated in 1989 under Dr. Boyce Driskell from the University of Alabama.Other major Paleoindian sites in northern Alabama include Stanfield-Worley, Mulberry Creek, the Quad site and Heaven's Half Acre.Folsom point
Folsom points are a distinct form of knapped stone projectile points associated with the Folsom tradition of North America. The style of tool-making was named after the Folsom Site located in Folsom, New Mexico, where the first sample was found by George McJunkin within the bone structure of a bison in 1908. The Folsom point was identified as a unique style of projectile point in 1926.Hilton Lawson
Sir Hilton Lawson, 4th Baronet (1895–1959) was the son of Mordaunt Lawson, third son of Sir Wilfrid Lawson, 2nd Baronet, of Brayton.
Hilton Lawson was educated at Repton School and later the Royal Military College. He served throughout World War I in the Royal Fusiliers where he attained the rank of Major. In 1939 he rejoined the army, went to France with the British Expeditionary Force, taken prisoner at Dunkirk and did not return until 1945. He succeeded his uncle Sir Wilfrid Lawson, 3rd Baronet, of Isell in 1937 and afterwards took up residence at Isel Hall.
He was High Sheriff of Cumberland in 1952. He was a keen sportsman, especially outdoor pursuits. He was chairman of the Cumberland Foxhounds under successive Masters and the chairman of the committee responsible for reviving the Cumberland point-to-point steeplechasing at Moota, Cockermouth, where he officiated as judge. As a keen angler, he was a member of the Derwent Board of Conservators, the body preceding the Cumberlan Rivers Board. In politics he forsook the Liberal Party family tradition and supported the Conservative Party, he was the principal nominee of Helen Fox in the 1950 election for the Workington (UK Parliament constituency).Hilton, who was unmarried, died at Isel on 12 January 1959, and the baronetcy expired with him.List of turnpikes in Maryland
This is a list of turnpike roads, built and operated by nonprofit turnpike trusts or private companies in exchange for the privilege of collecting a toll, in the U.S. state of Maryland, mainly in the 19th century. While most of the roads are now maintained as free public roads, some have been abandoned.Projectile point
In archaeological terms, a projectile point is an object that was hafted to weapon that was capable of being thrown or projected, such as a spear, dart, or arrow, or perhaps used as a knife. They are thus different from weapons presumed to have been kept in the hand, such as axes and maces, and the stone mace or axe-heads often attached to them.
Stone tools, including projectile points, can survive for long periods, were often lost or discarded, and are relatively plentiful, especially at archaeological sites, providing useful clues to the human past, including prehistoric trade. A distinctive form of point, identified though lithic analysis of the way it was made, is often a key diagnostic factor in identifying an archaeological industry or culture. Scientific techniques exist to track the specific kinds of rock or minerals that used to make stone tools in various regions back to their original sources.
As well as stone, projectile points were also made of worked bone, antler or ivory; all of these are less common in the Americas. In regions where metallurgy emerged, projectile points were eventually made from copper, bronze, or iron, though the change was by no means immediate. In North America, some late prehistoric points were fashioned from copper that was mined in the Lake Superior region and elsewhere.Queens County, New Brunswick
Queens County (2011 population 11,086) is located in central New Brunswick, Canada. The county shire town is the village of Gagetown.Sir Wilfrid Lawson, 3rd Baronet, of Brayton
Sir Wilfrid Lawson, 3rd Baronet, of Brayton (21 October 1862 – 28 August 1937) was an English Liberal politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1910 to 1916. He was also a keen sportsman who excelled at cricket and steeplechasing.Waterborough Parish, New Brunswick
Waterborough is a Canadian parish in Queens County, New Brunswick.