Culver XPQ-15

The Culver XPQ-15, also known as the XTD3C-1, was an American target drone developed by the Culver Aircraft Company late in World War II.

XPQ-15 mockup
Mockup of the XPQ-15
Role Target drone
National origin United States
Manufacturer Culver Aircraft Company
First flight 1945
Primary users United States Army Air Forces
United States Navy
Produced 6

Design and development

The XPQ-15 was a low-wing monoplane of conventional design. It was powered by a Franklin O-405 opposed piston engine.[1] Design work began in 1943.[2]

Operational history

Four examples of the XPQ-15 were built for evaluation by the United States Army Air Forces in 1945; two additional aircraft were tested by the United States Navy as the XTD3C-1. No production contract was placed.[1]


USAAF variant; four produced.[1]
USN variant; two produced, BuNos 29665-29666.[3]

Specifications (XPQ-15)

Data from Parsch [1]

  • Powerplant: 1 × Franklin O-405 opposed piston engine, 200 hp (150 kW)


  • Maximum speed: 220 mph (350 km/h, 190 kn)


  1. ^ a b c d Parsch 2009
  2. ^ Mingos 1946, p.318.
  3. ^ Grossnick and Armstrong 1997, p.540.
  • Grossnick, Roy A.; William J. Armstrong (1997). United States Naval Aviation, 1910-1995 (PDF). Annapolis, MD: Naval Historical Center. ISBN 0-16-049124-X. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
  • Mingos, Howard (1946). The Aircraft Year Book for 1946. New York: Lanciar Publishers. ASIN B000IDB7CE. Retrieved 2013-02-15.
  • Parsch, Andreas (2009). "PQ Series". Directory of U.S. Military Rockets and Missiles Appendix 1: Early Missiles and Drones. Retrieved 2011-02-15.

External links

Franklin O-405

The Franklin O-405 (company designation 6AC-403) was an American air-cooled aircraft engine of the 1940s. The engine was of six-cylinder, horizontally-opposed layout and displaced 405 cu in (6.64 L). The power output was between 200 hp (149 kW) and 250 hp (186 kW) depending on variant. The O-405-9 (6ACV-403) was a vertically mounted, fan cooled version for helicopters.

List of unmanned aerial vehicles

The following is a list of unmanned aerial vehicles developed and operated in various countries around the world.


PQ 15 can refer to :

Convoy PQ 15, an Arctic convoy of the Second World War

Culver XPQ-15, an American light aircraft of the 1940s

Culver aircraft
Civil aircraft
Military target drones
USAAF drone aircraft
Controllable bombs
Target control aircraft
Aerial target (subscale)
Aerial target (full-scale)
USN target drone aircraft pre-1945
Naval Aircraft Factory


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