Culiacán

Culiacán (Spanish pronunciation: [kuljaˈkan] (listen)) is a city in northwestern Mexico. It is the largest city in and the capital of the state of Sinaloa. It is also the seat of Culiacán Municipality. It had an urban population of 785,800 in 2015 while 905,660 lived in the entire municipality. While the municipality has a total area of 4,758 km2 (1,837 sq mi), the city itself is considerably smaller, measuring only 65 km2 (25 sq mi).

The city is located in a valley at the confluence of the Tamazula and Humaya Rivers, where the two meet to form the Culiacán River, 55 m above sea level. It is in the center of the state, at about the same distance to the two other urban centers of the state: Los Mochis to the north and Mazatlán to the south.

Culiacán Rosales

Culiacán
Vista panorámica de Culiacán
Coat of arms of Culiacán Rosales

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
La Perla del Humaya
(The Pearl of the Humaya)
Location of Culiacán Municipality within Sinaloa
Location of Culiacán Municipality
within Sinaloa
Culiacán Rosales is located in Mexico
Culiacán Rosales
Culiacán Rosales
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 24°48′17.46″N 107°23′07.79″W / 24.8048500°N 107.3854972°W
CountryMexico
StateSinaloa
Foundation1531
Government
 • MayorJesús Estrada (MRN)
Area
 • City65 km2 (25 sq mi)
Elevation
[1] 71 m (233 ft)
Population
 (2015)
 • Urban
785,800
 • Demonym
Culiacanense / "culichi"
Time zoneUTC−7 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (MDT)
WaterwaysTamazula River, Humaya River, Culiacán River
AirportsFederal de Bachigualato International Airport
Public transitRedPlus
RailroadsFerromex Culiacán Station
Websitewww.culiacan.gob.mx

History

Precolonial period

The most accepted translation would be Colhuacan "place of those who adore the crooked god Coltzin". Another translation might come from the word coahuacan, which can mean "palace of snakes". Before the Spaniards arrived from Europe, this site had been a small Indian settlement since 628 when Amerindians had first founded it.

Foundation

The city existing today was founded in 1531 by the Spanish captain Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán and named San Miguel de Culiacán. In the same decade, it was the terminus of the long journey of Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca and company among natives. Explorer Francisco Vásquez de Coronado set out from Culiacán to explore what is now the southwestern United States. Settlers from Europe came to Culiacán, and in the following centuries, Culiacán continued to be a quiet town. Only after the federal government built dams in the adjacent areas in the 1950s did agriculture explode and the city began to grow exponentially. Some of Mexico's largest agricultural conglomerates operate in the vast and fertile coastal plains. The agroindustrial economy continues to be the single largest contributor to the region's legal economy. While the vast majority of technical and skilled labor is educated locally, the once-seasonal field labor pool now experiences a yearly shortage of workers. International patterns of migration now draw laborers from deep within Mexico's south to the northern border states and into the United States.

After World War II

Culiacán Municipal Palace
Culiacán Municipal Palace (City Hall)

Beginning in the late 1950s, Culiacán became the birthplace of an incipient underground economy based on illicit drugs exported to the United States. The completion of the Pan-American Highway and the regional airport in the 1960s accelerated the expansion of a workable distribution infrastructure for the enterprising few families that would later come to dominate the international drug cartels along Mexico's Pacific Northwest.

Geography

Climate

Culiacán has a semiarid climate (Köppen: BSh), despite receiving an annual rainfall over 600 mm (24 in), due to its hot temperatures and high evaporation. Summers are very hot and humid, shade temperatures can reach 45 °C (113 °F) and high humidity can produce heat indices of 50 to 55 °C (122 to 131 °F), with the risk of heavy rainfall from decaying tropical cyclones also present. Winters are much milder with less humidity and an average high of 27 °C, with warm nights.

Economy

Culiacán's economy is mainly agricultural and commerce, being a trade center for produce, meat, and fish. Among other industries, Culiacán represents 32 percent of the state economy.

Coppel, Casa Ley, Homex and other companies of national importance are headquartered in Culiacan.

The Sinaloa Cartel, a drug-trafficking and organized crime syndicate, is based in Culiacán.[6]

Demographics

The city had an urban population of 785,800 in 2015 while 905,660 lived in the entire municipality. While the municipality has a total area of 4,758 km2 (1,837 sq mi), the city itself is considerably more compact, at only 65 km2 (25 sq mi).

Administrative divisions

Sectors of Culiacan
The 27 sectors of Culiacán

Culiacán is divided into 27 sectors (sectores), which are groups of several quarters (colonias):

  • Sector 1: Riberas
  • Sector 2: Centro (Downtown)
  • Sector 3: Las Quintas
  • Sector 4: Isla Musala
  • Sector 5: Universitarios
  • Sector 6: Tres Ríos
  • Sector 7: Patio de Maniobras
  • Sector 8: Juntas de Humaya
  • Sector 9: Río Culiacán
  • Sector 10: Guadalupe
  • Sector 11: Colinas de San Miguel
  • Sector 12: Abastos
  • Sector 13: El Barrio
  • Sector 14: Los Angeles
  • Sector 15: Mirador Tamazula
  • Sector 16: Humaya
  • Sector 17: La Conquista
  • Sector 18: Bacurimi
  • Sector 19: Villas del Río
  • Sector 20: Bachigualato
  • Sector 21: Diaz Ordaz
  • Sector 22: Barrancos
  • Sector 23: San Isidro
  • Sector 24: Loma de Rodriguera
  • Sector 25: La Higuerita
  • Sector 26: Aguaruto
  • Sector 27: La Costerita

Media

The newspaper El Debate is published in Culiacán.

Education

Culiacan Aerial View
Aerial view of Culiacán
Escuela Libre de Derecho de Sinaloa
Escuela Libre de Derecho de Sinaloa

Universities

Transportation

Transit system

Urban transport

At present, Culiacán has just over 68 urban transport routes, which serve about one million users. The Culiacán urban transport is operated by RedPlus.

Rail

The city has a train station, operated by Ferromex, and it is used only to transport freight. It is connected to south with Mazatlán and north with Guaymas.

Bus station

Culiacán uses the Central Internacional de Autobuses "Millennium" ("Millennium" International Buses Station) to travel across all Mexico (north, central, and south) and to the United States (Arizona and California). This replaced the old bus terminal in the southern city.

Roads and expressways

Though several high-speed roads have been built, most of the city's streets are rather narrow and traffic jams are common at rush hours. Now, 300,000 cars are in Culiacan, making the per capita number of cars one of the highest in the country considering the 745,000 inhabitants.

Main roads

Culiacán has several roads (avenues, boulevards, streets, etc.), but some of these are the main quick connection to other points of the city.

  • Álvaro Obregón Ave
  • Francisco I. Madero Blvd.
  • Paseo Niños Heroes
  • El Dorado Ave
  • Aeropuerto
  • Emiliano Zapata Blvd.
  • Benjamín Hill Ave
  • Calzada de las Torres
  • México 68
  • Plan Mar de Cortes
  • Heroico Colegio Militar
  • Revolución Ave
  • Sanalona Way
  • Rolando Arjona Amabilis Blvd.
  • Universitarios
  • José Limón Blvd.
  • Las Américas
  • Diego Valadez Ríos
  • Manuel J. Clouthier
  • Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
  • José Vasconcelos
  • Gabriel Leyva Solano Blvd.
  • Xicoténcatl
  • Josefa Ortíz de Domínguez
  • Enrique Sanchez Alonso Blvd.
  • De los Insurgentes
  • Pedro Infante Blvd.
  • Rotarismo Road
  • Ciudades Hermanas
  • Patria Ave
  • Constituyentes Emiliano García
  • Nicolás Bravo
  • 21 de Marzo Ave
  • Las Minas

Bridges and tunnels

The city has a total of 13 bridges: six across the Tamazula River, two spanning the Humaya River, and the longest one with other four crossing the Culiacán River. Efforts to solve traffic problems have been made, but most of the city streets and bridges are now crowded and insufficient to handle regular and rush hours traffic; a 40-km/h speed limit in most parts of the city worsens the situation.

  • Musalá Bridge (Tamazula River)
  • Musalá-Universitaria Bridge (Tamazula River)
  • Benito Juárez Bridge (Tamazula River)
  • Morelos Bridge (Tamazula River)
  • Miguel Hidalgo Bridge (Tamazula River)
  • Juan de Dios Bátiz-Tres Ríos Brige (Tamazula River)
  • Josefa Ortíz de Domínguez Bridge (Humaya River)
  • Rafael Buelna Bridge (Humaya River)
  • Jorge Almada Bridge (Culiacán River)
  • Black Rail Bridge (Culiacán River)
  • Rolando Arjona Amabilis-UDO (Culiacán River)
  • USE-Valle Alto (Culiacán River)
  • Libramiento Recursos (Rosales Channel)
  • Eje Federalismo Bridges (Rosales Channel)
  • Chavez Castro Bridge (Rosales Channel)
  • Emiliano Zapata Pass Bridge (Rosales Channel)

Also, Culiacán has bridges in streets conforming to high transit systems in places where the rush hour is common.

  • Zapata (Blvd. Emiliano Zapata)
  • 280-Aeropuerto (Blvd. Aeropuerto)
  • Eje Aeropuerto (Blvd. Aeropuerto-Emiliano Carranza street)
  • Mexico 15 (Plan Mar de Cortes-Mexican Federal Highway 15)
  • Primavera (Plan Mar de Cortes-La Primavera)
  • Eje El Trébol (Plan Mar de Cortes-Blvd. Jesús Kumate)
  • Eje Federalismo Tunnels (Gabriel Leyva Solano/Francisco I. Madero-Federalismo)
  • UdO (Blvd. Rolando Arjona-Blvd. Lola Beltrán) under construction
  • Gasolinera del Valle (Blvd. Jesús Kumate-Blvd. Emiliano Zapata) under construction
  • Japac Country (Blvd. Pedro Infante-Blvd. Rolando Arjona) spring 2013

On February 17, 2014, investigators from Mexico and the United States learned that Joaquín Guzmán Loera, or El Chapo, was using underground sewage tunnels in Culiacán by constructing hatches connecting to the drainage network in the bathtubs of his city "stash houses".[7] On at least one occasion, authorities chased Guzman into the tunnels, but lost him. An AP reporter said some of the tunnels were well lit, had wood paneling, and were air-conditioned.[7]

Highways and freeways

Culiacán is a rail junction and is located on the Panamerican Highway that runs north to the United States and south to Guadalajara and Mexico City, and the Benito Juárez Highway or Maxipista, which is a toll road that runs parallel to the toll-free federal highway. It is connected to the north with Los Mochis and to the south with Mazatlán, Tepic, and Guadalajara with the Federal Highway 15.

Culiacán is linked to the satellite city of Navolato by an excellent freeway that now reaches Altata, in the Pacific Ocean coast. Culiacán is also linked to Tamazula de Victoria in Durango state.

  • Freeway 280-30 (west: Navolato-Altata)
  • Freeway 3-225 (north: Melchor Ocampo-Guamuchil)
  • Freeway 5-325 (south: Costa Rica-El Dorado)
  • Tamazula Interstate Freeway (northeast: Sanalona-Tamazula de Victoria)

Airport

Culiacán is served by Federal de Bachigualato International Airport (IATA: CUL, ICAO: MMCL), the most important domestic gateway in the state of Sinaloa, and the second in international operations after Mazatlán International Airport. It is located south of downtown; it is also the 10th Mexican Air Force base.

Entertainment

Tourism

Culiacan Catedral
Cathedral in Culiacán
Parque las riveras
Las Riveras Park on Old Waterfront
  • Imala's hot springs are about a 30-minute ride from the city and close to several dams and reservoirs, where one can fish largemouth bass all year round.
  • Altata beach, located 30 minutes from Culiacán, has had extensive development over the last few years. It has a "sister" beach called Isla Cortés or Nuevo Altata, where this project of travel destination, has begun with some restaurants and private areas. It is famous for its blue sea, white sand, modern restaurants and bars, nightclubs, and high sea waves.
  • The Cathedral, a 19th-century church, began construction in the 1830s.
  • Plazuela Alvaro Obregón was the place for social gatherings in the 1800s.
  • La Lomita or Templo de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe is the tallest church in Culiacán, situated on a hill with a view of the entire city.
  • The Centro Cultural Genaro Estrada, known by the locals as "Difocur", encompasses a theater, movie theater, a café, and a group of museums specializing in local culture. DIFOCUR is also the home of the Orquesta Sinfonica Sinaloa de las Artes. The OSSLA performs a 42-week season (September to June) of symphony, pops, opera, ballet, and chamber music, and features musicians from more than 15 different countries, including Mexico, the United States, England, Scotland, Canada, Romania, Argentina, and others. Working under the auspices of the government of Sinaloa, the OSSLA also performs many outreach and educational programs around the state of Sinaloa, as well as throughout Mexico.
  • The Regional History Museum in the "Parque Constitución", a large art museum downtown and a number of small art galleries, is owned by several of the local universities.
  • The Botanical Garden and Centro de Ciencias de Sinaloa, a science museum, holds the fifth-largest meteorite on earth.
  • A baseball stadium, the Estadio Angel Flores, is the home of Los Tomateros de Culiacan; a bigger football arena, called Estadio Banorte (formerly Estadio Carlos González), is the home of Los Dorados de Sinaloa, a Mexican football team. Several university stadiums are also available.
  • In downtown, the best preserved old street is the called Rosales, between Rosales Square and the cathedral.

Attractions

  • FORUM Culiacán Mall is the largest mall in Culiacán. It offers Liverpool, Sears, Steve Madden, Pull and Bear, Zara, C&A, Lacoste, Nine West, Victoria's Secret, MacStore, Starbucks, Sanborns, and Tous stores, a Cinemex movie theater, MixUp, boutiques, kiosks, a food area, and an HSBC.
  • Plaza Galerias San Miguel is the second-largest mall. It offers Sears, Citi Cinemas movie theater, and mainly shoe stores.
  • Plaza Cinépolis is a modern plaza/little mall in the western part of the city, and it is the only place in Culiacán where one can find the Cinépolis movie theater. It offers many boutiques, some famous restaurants of the city, including Sushi Factory and Italianni's, the Antártica Ice Rink and Royal Yak casino, and the office supplies store Office Depot.
  • Plaza Fiesta is a plaza located in the city center. It offers Coppel, a Ley Plaza (supermarket), restaurants, little boutiques, and shoe stores.
  • Plaza La Campiña is a plaza mall in the eastern section of the city, near the Culiacán River. It offers Pavi, Coppel, a Mega Plaza/Commercial Mexicana (Super Market), many boutiques, jewelers, and seasonally a go-kart track.
  • Parks:
    • Ernesto Millán Escalante Park (previously known as Culiacán '87) has many pools, attractions, an artificial lake, gardens, sports courts, the longest water slide in northern Mexico, and an open-air Hellenic theatre.
    • Revolución Park
    • Constitución Civic Center, Culiacán's civic center, is located in the eastern city at the Malecón Viejo, facing the Tamazula River. It has the Culiacán Library, the Culiacán Zoo, the second Dancing Fountains in the city where people go when it is hot, sports courts, a big run track, and a Hellenic theater.
    • Las Riveras Park is located around the Tamazula river, between Forum Culiacán Complex, the Isla de Orabá park, the Malecón Viejo, and the Malecón Nuevo. It has only pedal boats and a tyrolean across the river, and a bike path and recreational games.
  • Splash Club! is one of the largest water parks in the state of Sinaloa.
  • Nearby towns and villages:
    • La Primavera is a small and private urbanized zone in the south of the city; it contains many houses, two schools, a little mall next to a channel, a sports club, and a group of channels connected to the biggest lake in Culiacán, where anyone can fish and go camping.
    • El Conchal and other small villages with a population of 500 or less are located 8 km from El Dorado. There, people live on fishing and tourism.

Sports

The city is home to three professional league sport teams: baseball with the Tomateros de Culiacán from the Liga Mexicana del Pacífico, two championships in Caribbean series in 1996 and 2002; and football with Dorados de Sinaloa, who play at the Estadio Banorte (Estadio Carlos González) and basketball with the Caballeros de Culiacan from the CIBACOPA. Duck, dove, and goose hunting season goes from early November through March. Culiacán also holds a yearly international marathon.

Notable people from Culiacán

Entertainment

Sports

Modeling

Gallery

Culiacan3

Cathedral in Culiacán

Culiacan4

Culiacán's downtown

Culiacan8

Culiacán street

Culiacan9

Culiacán River by Sinaloa Blvd

Culiacan12

"La Plazuela Rosales"

See also

References

  1. ^ "Elevation of Culiacan,Mexico Elevation Map, Topography, Contour". www.floodmap.net.
  2. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1951–2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  3. ^ "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation for Culiacan (DGE) 1961–2011" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original on January 30, 2016. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  4. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1981–2000" (PDF) (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 30, 2016. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  5. ^ "Klimatafel von Culiacán, Sinaloa / Mexiko" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
  6. ^ "Mexico's Sinaloa gang grows empire, defies crackdown". Reuters. 19 January 2011. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
  7. ^ a b "Officials: Wiretaps, aides led to drug lord arrest". Boston.com.
  8. ^ "Julio Cesar Chavez - Boxrec Boxing Encyclopaedia". Boxrec.com. 2012-07-11. Retrieved 2013-03-15.
  9. ^ Elie Seckbach %BloggerTitle% (2010-06-17). "Julio Cesar Chavez Jr., Trainer Freddie Roach Workout". Boxing.fanhouse.com. Retrieved 2013-03-15.
  10. ^ "Omar Chavez - Boxrec Boxing Encyclopaedia". Boxrec.com. Retrieved 2013-03-15.

External links

Coordinates: 24°48′N 107°23′W / 24.800°N 107.383°W

Benjamín Arellano Félix

Benjamín Arellano Félix (born 12 March 1952) is a Mexican drug trafficker and former leader of the Mexican criminal organization known as the Tijuana Cartel or "Arellano-Félix Organization".

Carlos Arellano Félix

Carlos Alberto Arellano Félix (born August 20, 1955) is a Mexican surgeon by training and one of the Arellano-Félix brothers who led the criminal organization known as the Tijuana Cartel.

According to press reports, Carlos Arellano completed his surgery training at the Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara and is in charge of the money laundering operations on behalf of the Tijuana Cartel through several of their companies, such as real estate, construction, night clubs, money exchange houses and retailing shops located in Mazatlán, Guadalajara and Mexico City.

Also, there is suspicion that Carlos coordinates the importation of narcotics into the United States. He is currently not wanted by U.S. law enforcement.

Carlos Beltrán Leyva

Carlos Beltrán Leyva (born 1969) is an incarcerated Mexican drug lord with the Beltrán-Leyva Cartel. The cartel was created by the four Beltrán Leyva brothers: Carlos, Héctor, Alfredo and Arturo. Born in the Sinaloan countryside in the late 1960s, Carlos and his brothers worked closely with Joaquín "Chapo" Guzmán, the leader of the Sinaloa Cartel, during decades of smuggling.The organization, run mainly by Arturo and Héctor, formed as a splinter group of the powerful Sinaloa Cartel, which was led by Joaquín Guzmán Loera. After Alfredo was arrested, the Beltrán-Leyva brothers blamed Guzmán Loera and retaliated by forming the Beltrán-Leyva Cartel, and killing one of the Sinaloa cartel chief's sons in a grenade attack on a Culiacán shopping center. This sparked a war between the Sinaloa Cartel and the Beltrán-Leyva Cartel, which allied itself with the Gulf Cartel.

Culiacán International Airport

Bachigualato Federal International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional Federal de Bachigualato, IATA: CUL, ICAO: MMCL), commonly named Culiacán International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional de Culiacán), is an international airport located at Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico. It handles the national and international air traffic of the city of Culiacán.

The airport is among the Top 10 busiest airports in Mexico, and the busiest in domestic traffic and second busiest for international operations in the state of Sinaloa. It is currently handled by Grupo Aeroportuario Centro Norte, having undergone major construction consisting of a new terminal layout and a new boarding system. It has two jetways.

In 2018, Culiacán airport crossed the 2-million milestone for the first time, moving 2,270,834 passengers, an increase of 22.26% from previous year.Bachigualato Federal International Airport is named after the neighborhood of Bachigualato, where the airport is located.

In favorable weather, flights from the Baja California peninsula and north arrive to runway 02, and flights from the rest of the country to runway 20.

The state executive announced plans to expand the airport and the construction of a second runway to support Boeing 777 landings.

Culiacán Municipality

Municipality of Culiacán is a municipality in Sinaloa in northwestern Mexico.The municipal seat is the city of Culiacán.

César Arturo Ramos

César Arturo Ramos Palazuelos (born December 5, 1983) is a Mexican professional football referee. He has been a full international for FIFA since 2014. He refereed some matches in CONCACAF Champions League, in the 2018 FIFA World Cup and in the 2019 AFC Asian Cup.

Dorados de Sinaloa

Dorados de Sinaloa, or Dorados, is a Mexican professional football club based in Culiacán. The club plays its home games in Culiacán, Mexico. Dorados was the youngest franchise to play in the Primera División de México, having joined the division for the first time for the Apertura 2004 tournament, when the club was only one year old. Dorados currently plays in Ascenso MX, the second tier of the Mexican league. The goalkeeper's primary colours are a red shirt and white shorts, and the secondary attire is all white.

Hans Hach Verdugo

Hans Hach Verdugo (born 11 November 1989) is a Mexican tennis player.

Hach Verdugo has a career high ATP singles ranking of 528 achieved on 20 July 2015. He also has a career high ATP doubles ranking of 146 achieved on 4 March 2019. Hach Verdugo has won 1 ITF singles title and 19 ITF doubles titles.

Hach Verdugo has represented Mexico at the Davis Cup where he has a W/L record of 3–1.

Ismael "El Mayo" Zambada

Ismael "El Mayo" Zambada García (born 1 January 1948), is a Mexican suspected drug lord and leader of the Sinaloa Cartel, a criminal group based in Sinaloa. Before assuming leadership of the entire cartel, he served as the logistical coordinator for the Zambada-García faction of the Sinaloa Cartel which has assisted in the exporting of cocaine and heroin into Chicago and other US cities by train, ship, jet, and narco-submarines.

Javier Valdez Cárdenas

Javier Valdez Cárdenas (April 14, 1967 – May 15, 2017) was a Mexican journalist and founder of Ríodoce, a newspaper based in Sinaloa. He received several international awards for his writings on drug trafficking and organized crime in the Mexican Drug War.

Joey Meneses

Joey Meneses Carvajal (born July 1, 1991), nicknamed "White Indian", is a Mexican professional baseball first baseman and outfielder for the Orix Buffaloes of Nippon Professional Baseball (NPB).

Julio César Chávez

Julio César Chávez González (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈxuljo ˈsesaɾ ˈtʃaβez ɣonˈsales]; born July 12, 1962), also known as Julio César Chávez Sr., is a Mexican former professional boxer who competed from 1980 to 2005.

A multiple-time world champion in three weight divisions, Chávez was listed by The Ring magazine as the world's best boxer, pound for pound, from 1990 to 1993. During his career he held the WBC super featherweight title from 1984 to 1987, the WBA and WBC lightweight titles between 1987 and 1989, the WBC light welterweight title twice between 1989 and 1996, and the IBF light welterweight title from 1990 to 1991. He also held the Ring magazine and lineal lightweight titles from 1988 to 1989, and the lineal light welterweight title twice between 1990 and 1996. Chávez was named Fighter of the Year for 1987 and 1990 by the Boxing Writers Association of America and The Ring respectively.Chávez holds records for the most total successful defenses of world titles (27, shared with Omar Narváez), most title fight victories and fighters beaten for the title (both at 31), and most title fights (37); he has the second most title defenses won by knockout (21, after Joe Louis with 23). His fight record was 89 wins, 0 losses, and 1 draw before his first professional loss to Frankie Randall in 1994, before which he had an 87-fight win streak until his draw with Pernell Whitaker in 1993. Chávez's 1993 win over Greg Haugen at the Estadio Azteca set the record for the largest attendance for a boxing match: 132,274.

He is ranked as the 17th best boxer of all time, pound for pound, by BoxRec, #24 on ESPN's list of "50 Greatest Boxers of All Time", and 18th on The Ring's "80 Best Fighters of the Last 80 Years". In 2010 he was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame for the Class of 2011. He is the father of current boxers Omar Chávez and former WBC middleweight champion Julio César Chávez Jr.

Los Ántrax

Los Ántrax is an enforcer gang of Sinaloa Cartel, a criminal group based in Sinaloa. The group was led by the drug lords Jesús Peña (alias "El 20"), José Rodrigo Aréchiga Gamboa (alias "El Chino Ántrax"), René Velázquez Valenzuela (alias "El Sargento Phoenix"), among others, and they are responsible for a number of homicides and for providing armed security services to Ismael El Mayo Zambada. The gang operates in the capital city of Culiacán, Sinaloa, where its members conduct homicides and violent attacks.

Margarita Flores Sánchez

Margarita Flores Sánchez (born 10 December 1961) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the PRI. She currently serves as Senator of the LXII Legislature of the Mexican Congress representing Nayarit.

Mexican Pacific League

The Mexican Pacific League (Spanish: Liga Mexicana del Pacífico or LMP) is an independent professional baseball league in Mexico. The ten-team league regular season runs during the winter from October to December and is followed by a playoff series in January to determine the league champion. The league's winner takes part in the Caribbean Series each year.

Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo

Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo (born January 8, 1946), commonly referred to by his alias El Padrino ("The Godfather"), is a convicted Mexican drug lord who formed the Guadalajara Cartel in the 1980s, and controlled almost all of the drug trafficking in Mexico and the corridors along the Mexico–United States border.

Félix Gallardo was arrested for the murder of Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) agent Enrique "Kiki" Camarena, who was tortured to death on one of Félix Gallardo's ranches. Félix Gallardo was serving his 37-year sentence at the Altiplano maximum-security prison but was transferred to a medium-security facility in 2014, due to his declining health.

Ramón Arellano Félix

Ramon Arellano Félix (August 31, 1964 – February 10, 2002) was a Mexican drug trafficker whom authorities linked to the Tijuana drug cartel (a.k.a. the Arellano-Félix Organization).

Sinaloa

Sinaloa (Spanish pronunciation: [sinaˈloa] (listen)), officially the Estado Libre y Soberano de Sinaloa (English: Free and Sovereign State of Sinaloa), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, compose the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided into 18 municipalities and its capital city is Culiacán Rosales.

It is located in Northwestern Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Sonora to the north, Chihuahua and Durango to the east (separated from them by the Sierra Madre Occidental) and Nayarit to the south. To the west, Sinaloa faces Baja California Sur across the Gulf of California.

The state covers an area of 58,328 square kilometers (22,521 sq mi), and includes the Islands of Palmito Verde, Palmito de la Virgen, Altamura, Santa María, Saliaca, Macapule and San Ignacio.

In addition to the capital city, the state's important cities include Mazatlán and Los Mochis.

Climate data for Culiacán (1951–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 41.0
(105.8)
42.0
(107.6)
39.0
(102.2)
41.5
(106.7)
41.5
(106.7)
45.5
(113.9)
42.5
(108.5)
46.0
(114.8)
41.5
(106.7)
41.5
(106.7)
42.5
(108.5)
37.0
(98.6)
46.0
(114.8)
Average high °C (°F) 27.8
(82.0)
28.9
(84.0)
30.5
(86.9)
32.8
(91.0)
34.9
(94.8)
35.9
(96.6)
35.5
(95.9)
34.8
(94.6)
34.4
(93.9)
34.2
(93.6)
31.5
(88.7)
28.2
(82.8)
32.5
(90.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 19.4
(66.9)
20.1
(68.2)
21.3
(70.3)
23.6
(74.5)
26.4
(79.5)
29.5
(85.1)
29.8
(85.6)
29.3
(84.7)
29.0
(84.2)
27.5
(81.5)
23.5
(74.3)
20.2
(68.4)
25.0
(77.0)
Average low °C (°F) 10.9
(51.6)
11.3
(52.3)
12.1
(53.8)
14.5
(58.1)
18.0
(64.4)
23.2
(73.8)
24.1
(75.4)
23.8
(74.8)
23.6
(74.5)
20.7
(69.3)
15.6
(60.1)
12.2
(54.0)
17.5
(63.5)
Record low °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
2.0
(35.6)
3.0
(37.4)
3.0
(37.4)
9.0
(48.2)
12.0
(53.6)
13.0
(55.4)
16.0
(60.8)
17.0
(62.6)
11.0
(51.8)
5.0
(41.0)
3.0
(37.4)
2.0
(35.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 18.4
(0.72)
11.7
(0.46)
2.8
(0.11)
2.4
(0.09)
1.1
(0.04)
19.7
(0.78)
162.8
(6.41)
209.2
(8.24)
141.6
(5.57)
50.0
(1.97)
21.3
(0.84)
26.3
(1.04)
667.3
(26.27)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.2 1.4 0.6 0.4 0.2 2.4 13.8 14.8 10.8 2.9 1.6 2.2 53.3
Average relative humidity (%) 72 70 67 65 64 67 72 75 75 72 71 72 70
Mean monthly sunshine hours 189.1 186.5 229.4 213.0 248.0 222.0 192.2 198.4 195.0 229.4 213.0 182.9 2,498.9
Mean daily sunshine hours 6.1 6.6 7.4 7.1 8.0 7.4 6.2 6.4 6.5 7.4 7.1 5.9 6.8
Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (humidity 1981–2000)[2][3][4]
Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1941–1970)[5]
Sinaloa State of Sinaloa
Municipalities
and
(municipal seats)

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