Culiacán (Spanish pronunciation: [kuljaˈkan] (listen)) is a city in northwestern Mexico. It is the largest city in and the capital of the state of Sinaloa. It is also the seat of Culiacán Municipality. It had an urban population of 785,800 in 2015 while 905,660 lived in the entire municipality. While the municipality has a total area of 4,758 km2 (1,837 sq mi), the city itself is considerably smaller, measuring only 65 km2 (25 sq mi).
The city is located in a valley at the confluence of the Tamazula and Humaya Rivers, where the two meet to form the Culiacán River, 55 m above sea level. It is in the center of the state, at about the same distance to the two other urban centers of the state: Los Mochis to the north and Mazatlán to the south.
Coat of arms
La Perla del Humaya
(The Pearl of the Humaya)
Location of Culiacán Municipality
Location in Mexico
|• Mayor||Jesús Estrada (MRN)|
|• City||65 km2 (25 sq mi)|
|Elevation|| 71 m (233 ft)|
|• Demonym||Culiacanense / "culichi"|
|Time zone||UTC−7 (MST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−6 (MDT)|
|Waterways||Tamazula River, Humaya River, Culiacán River|
|Airports||Federal de Bachigualato International Airport|
|Railroads||Ferromex Culiacán Station|
The most accepted translation would be Colhuacan "place of those who adore the crooked god Coltzin". Another translation might come from the word coahuacan, which can mean "palace of snakes". Before the Spaniards arrived from Europe, this site had been a small Indian settlement since 628 when Amerindians had first founded it.
The city existing today was founded in 1531 by the Spanish captain Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán and named San Miguel de Culiacán. In the same decade, it was the terminus of the long journey of Alvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca and company among natives. Explorer Francisco Vásquez de Coronado set out from Culiacán to explore what is now the southwestern United States. Settlers from Europe came to Culiacán, and in the following centuries, Culiacán continued to be a quiet town. Only after the federal government built dams in the adjacent areas in the 1950s did agriculture explode and the city began to grow exponentially. Some of Mexico's largest agricultural conglomerates operate in the vast and fertile coastal plains. The agroindustrial economy continues to be the single largest contributor to the region's legal economy. While the vast majority of technical and skilled labor is educated locally, the once-seasonal field labor pool now experiences a yearly shortage of workers. International patterns of migration now draw laborers from deep within Mexico's south to the northern border states and into the United States.
Beginning in the late 1950s, Culiacán became the birthplace of an incipient underground economy based on illicit drugs exported to the United States. The completion of the Pan-American Highway and the regional airport in the 1960s accelerated the expansion of a workable distribution infrastructure for the enterprising few families that would later come to dominate the international drug cartels along Mexico's Pacific Northwest.
Culiacán has a semiarid climate (Köppen: BSh), despite receiving an annual rainfall over 600 mm (24 in), due to its hot temperatures and high evaporation. Summers are very hot and humid, shade temperatures can reach 45 °C (113 °F) and high humidity can produce heat indices of 50 to 55 °C (122 to 131 °F), with the risk of heavy rainfall from decaying tropical cyclones also present. Winters are much milder with less humidity and an average high of 27 °C, with warm nights.
Culiacán's economy is mainly agricultural and commerce, being a trade center for produce, meat, and fish. Among other industries, Culiacán represents 32 percent of the state economy.
The city had an urban population of 785,800 in 2015 while 905,660 lived in the entire municipality. While the municipality has a total area of 4,758 km2 (1,837 sq mi), the city itself is considerably more compact, at only 65 km2 (25 sq mi).
The newspaper El Debate is published in Culiacán.
At present, Culiacán has just over 68 urban transport routes, which serve about one million users. The Culiacán urban transport is operated by RedPlus.
The city has a train station, operated by Ferromex, and it is used only to transport freight. It is connected to south with Mazatlán and north with Guaymas.
Culiacán uses the Central Internacional de Autobuses "Millennium" ("Millennium" International Buses Station) to travel across all Mexico (north, central, and south) and to the United States (Arizona and California). This replaced the old bus terminal in the southern city.
Though several high-speed roads have been built, most of the city's streets are rather narrow and traffic jams are common at rush hours. Now, 300,000 cars are in Culiacan, making the per capita number of cars one of the highest in the country considering the 745,000 inhabitants.
Culiacán has several roads (avenues, boulevards, streets, etc.), but some of these are the main quick connection to other points of the city.
The city has a total of 13 bridges: six across the Tamazula River, two spanning the Humaya River, and the longest one with other four crossing the Culiacán River. Efforts to solve traffic problems have been made, but most of the city streets and bridges are now crowded and insufficient to handle regular and rush hours traffic; a 40-km/h speed limit in most parts of the city worsens the situation.
Also, Culiacán has bridges in streets conforming to high transit systems in places where the rush hour is common.
On February 17, 2014, investigators from Mexico and the United States learned that Joaquín Guzmán Loera, or El Chapo, was using underground sewage tunnels in Culiacán by constructing hatches connecting to the drainage network in the bathtubs of his city "stash houses". On at least one occasion, authorities chased Guzman into the tunnels, but lost him. An AP reporter said some of the tunnels were well lit, had wood paneling, and were air-conditioned.
Culiacán is a rail junction and is located on the Panamerican Highway that runs north to the United States and south to Guadalajara and Mexico City, and the Benito Juárez Highway or Maxipista, which is a toll road that runs parallel to the toll-free federal highway. It is connected to the north with Los Mochis and to the south with Mazatlán, Tepic, and Guadalajara with the Federal Highway 15.
Culiacán is served by Federal de Bachigualato International Airport (IATA: CUL, ICAO: MMCL), the most important domestic gateway in the state of Sinaloa, and the second in international operations after Mazatlán International Airport. It is located south of downtown; it is also the 10th Mexican Air Force base.
The city is home to three professional league sport teams: baseball with the Tomateros de Culiacán from the Liga Mexicana del Pacífico, two championships in Caribbean series in 1996 and 2002; and football with Dorados de Sinaloa, who play at the Estadio Banorte (Estadio Carlos González) and basketball with the Caballeros de Culiacan from the CIBACOPA. Duck, dove, and goose hunting season goes from early November through March. Culiacán also holds a yearly international marathon.
Benjamín Arellano Félix (born 12 March 1952) is a Mexican drug trafficker and former leader of the Mexican criminal organization known as the Tijuana Cartel or "Arellano-Félix Organization".Carlos Arellano Félix
Carlos Alberto Arellano Félix (born August 20, 1955) is a Mexican surgeon by training and one of the Arellano-Félix brothers who led the criminal organization known as the Tijuana Cartel.
According to press reports, Carlos Arellano completed his surgery training at the Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara and is in charge of the money laundering operations on behalf of the Tijuana Cartel through several of their companies, such as real estate, construction, night clubs, money exchange houses and retailing shops located in Mazatlán, Guadalajara and Mexico City.
Also, there is suspicion that Carlos coordinates the importation of narcotics into the United States. He is currently not wanted by U.S. law enforcement.Carlos Beltrán Leyva
Carlos Beltrán Leyva (born 1969) is an incarcerated Mexican drug lord with the Beltrán-Leyva Cartel. The cartel was created by the four Beltrán Leyva brothers: Carlos, Héctor, Alfredo and Arturo. Born in the Sinaloan countryside in the late 1960s, Carlos and his brothers worked closely with Joaquín "Chapo" Guzmán, the leader of the Sinaloa Cartel, during decades of smuggling.The organization, run mainly by Arturo and Héctor, formed as a splinter group of the powerful Sinaloa Cartel, which was led by Joaquín Guzmán Loera. After Alfredo was arrested, the Beltrán-Leyva brothers blamed Guzmán Loera and retaliated by forming the Beltrán-Leyva Cartel, and killing one of the Sinaloa cartel chief's sons in a grenade attack on a Culiacán shopping center. This sparked a war between the Sinaloa Cartel and the Beltrán-Leyva Cartel, which allied itself with the Gulf Cartel.Culiacán International Airport
Bachigualato Federal International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional Federal de Bachigualato, IATA: CUL, ICAO: MMCL), commonly named Culiacán International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional de Culiacán), is an international airport located at Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico. It handles the national and international air traffic of the city of Culiacán.
The airport is among the Top 10 busiest airports in Mexico, and the busiest in domestic traffic and second busiest for international operations in the state of Sinaloa. It is currently handled by Grupo Aeroportuario Centro Norte, having undergone major construction consisting of a new terminal layout and a new boarding system. It has two jetways.
In 2018, Culiacán airport crossed the 2-million milestone for the first time, moving 2,270,834 passengers, an increase of 22.26% from previous year.Bachigualato Federal International Airport is named after the neighborhood of Bachigualato, where the airport is located.
In favorable weather, flights from the Baja California peninsula and north arrive to runway 02, and flights from the rest of the country to runway 20.
The state executive announced plans to expand the airport and the construction of a second runway to support Boeing 777 landings.Culiacán Municipality
Municipality of Culiacán is a municipality in Sinaloa in northwestern Mexico.The municipal seat is the city of Culiacán.César Arturo Ramos
César Arturo Ramos Palazuelos (born December 5, 1983) is a Mexican professional football referee. He has been a full international for FIFA since 2014. He refereed some matches in CONCACAF Champions League, in the 2018 FIFA World Cup and in the 2019 AFC Asian Cup.Dorados de Sinaloa
Dorados de Sinaloa, or Dorados, is a Mexican professional football club based in Culiacán. The club plays its home games in Culiacán, Mexico. Dorados was the youngest franchise to play in the Primera División de México, having joined the division for the first time for the Apertura 2004 tournament, when the club was only one year old. Dorados currently plays in Ascenso MX, the second tier of the Mexican league. The goalkeeper's primary colours are a red shirt and white shorts, and the secondary attire is all white.Hans Hach Verdugo
Hans Hach Verdugo (born 11 November 1989) is a Mexican tennis player.
Hach Verdugo has a career high ATP singles ranking of 528 achieved on 20 July 2015. He also has a career high ATP doubles ranking of 146 achieved on 4 March 2019. Hach Verdugo has won 1 ITF singles title and 19 ITF doubles titles.
Hach Verdugo has represented Mexico at the Davis Cup where he has a W/L record of 3–1.Ismael "El Mayo" Zambada
Ismael "El Mayo" Zambada García (born 1 January 1948), is a Mexican suspected drug lord and leader of the Sinaloa Cartel, a criminal group based in Sinaloa. Before assuming leadership of the entire cartel, he served as the logistical coordinator for the Zambada-García faction of the Sinaloa Cartel which has assisted in the exporting of cocaine and heroin into Chicago and other US cities by train, ship, jet, and narco-submarines.Javier Valdez Cárdenas
Javier Valdez Cárdenas (April 14, 1967 – May 15, 2017) was a Mexican journalist and founder of Ríodoce, a newspaper based in Sinaloa. He received several international awards for his writings on drug trafficking and organized crime in the Mexican Drug War.Joey Meneses
Joey Meneses Carvajal (born July 1, 1991), nicknamed "White Indian", is a Mexican professional baseball first baseman and outfielder for the Orix Buffaloes of Nippon Professional Baseball (NPB).Julio César Chávez
Julio César Chávez González (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈxuljo ˈsesaɾ ˈtʃaβez ɣonˈsales]; born July 12, 1962), also known as Julio César Chávez Sr., is a Mexican former professional boxer who competed from 1980 to 2005.
A multiple-time world champion in three weight divisions, Chávez was listed by The Ring magazine as the world's best boxer, pound for pound, from 1990 to 1993. During his career he held the WBC super featherweight title from 1984 to 1987, the WBA and WBC lightweight titles between 1987 and 1989, the WBC light welterweight title twice between 1989 and 1996, and the IBF light welterweight title from 1990 to 1991. He also held the Ring magazine and lineal lightweight titles from 1988 to 1989, and the lineal light welterweight title twice between 1990 and 1996. Chávez was named Fighter of the Year for 1987 and 1990 by the Boxing Writers Association of America and The Ring respectively.Chávez holds records for the most total successful defenses of world titles (27, shared with Omar Narváez), most title fight victories and fighters beaten for the title (both at 31), and most title fights (37); he has the second most title defenses won by knockout (21, after Joe Louis with 23). His fight record was 89 wins, 0 losses, and 1 draw before his first professional loss to Frankie Randall in 1994, before which he had an 87-fight win streak until his draw with Pernell Whitaker in 1993. Chávez's 1993 win over Greg Haugen at the Estadio Azteca set the record for the largest attendance for a boxing match: 132,274.
He is ranked as the 17th best boxer of all time, pound for pound, by BoxRec, #24 on ESPN's list of "50 Greatest Boxers of All Time", and 18th on The Ring's "80 Best Fighters of the Last 80 Years". In 2010 he was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame for the Class of 2011. He is the father of current boxers Omar Chávez and former WBC middleweight champion Julio César Chávez Jr.Los Ántrax
Los Ántrax is an enforcer gang of Sinaloa Cartel, a criminal group based in Sinaloa. The group was led by the drug lords Jesús Peña (alias "El 20"), José Rodrigo Aréchiga Gamboa (alias "El Chino Ántrax"), René Velázquez Valenzuela (alias "El Sargento Phoenix"), among others, and they are responsible for a number of homicides and for providing armed security services to Ismael El Mayo Zambada. The gang operates in the capital city of Culiacán, Sinaloa, where its members conduct homicides and violent attacks.Margarita Flores Sánchez
Margarita Flores Sánchez (born 10 December 1961) is a Mexican politician affiliated with the PRI. She currently serves as Senator of the LXII Legislature of the Mexican Congress representing Nayarit.Mexican Pacific League
The Mexican Pacific League (Spanish: Liga Mexicana del Pacífico or LMP) is an independent professional baseball league in Mexico. The ten-team league regular season runs during the winter from October to December and is followed by a playoff series in January to determine the league champion. The league's winner takes part in the Caribbean Series each year.Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo
Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo (born January 8, 1946), commonly referred to by his alias El Padrino ("The Godfather"), is a convicted Mexican drug lord who formed the Guadalajara Cartel in the 1980s, and controlled almost all of the drug trafficking in Mexico and the corridors along the Mexico–United States border.
Félix Gallardo was arrested for the murder of Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) agent Enrique "Kiki" Camarena, who was tortured to death on one of Félix Gallardo's ranches. Félix Gallardo was serving his 37-year sentence at the Altiplano maximum-security prison but was transferred to a medium-security facility in 2014, due to his declining health.Ramón Arellano Félix
Ramon Arellano Félix (August 31, 1964 – February 10, 2002) was a Mexican drug trafficker whom authorities linked to the Tijuana drug cartel (a.k.a. the Arellano-Félix Organization).Sinaloa
Sinaloa (Spanish pronunciation: [sinaˈloa] (listen)), officially the Estado Libre y Soberano de Sinaloa (English: Free and Sovereign State of Sinaloa), is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, compose the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided into 18 municipalities and its capital city is Culiacán Rosales.
It is located in Northwestern Mexico. It is bordered by the states of Sonora to the north, Chihuahua and Durango to the east (separated from them by the Sierra Madre Occidental) and Nayarit to the south. To the west, Sinaloa faces Baja California Sur across the Gulf of California.
The state covers an area of 58,328 square kilometers (22,521 sq mi), and includes the Islands of Palmito Verde, Palmito de la Virgen, Altamura, Santa María, Saliaca, Macapule and San Ignacio.
In addition to the capital city, the state's important cities include Mazatlán and Los Mochis.
|Climate data for Culiacán (1951–2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||41.0
|Average high °C (°F)||27.8
|Daily mean °C (°F)||19.4
|Average low °C (°F)||10.9
|Record low °C (°F)||2.0
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||18.4
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)||2.2||1.4||0.6||0.4||0.2||2.4||13.8||14.8||10.8||2.9||1.6||2.2||53.3|
|Average relative humidity (%)||72||70||67||65||64||67||72||75||75||72||71||72||70|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||189.1||186.5||229.4||213.0||248.0||222.0||192.2||198.4||195.0||229.4||213.0||182.9||2,498.9|
|Mean daily sunshine hours||6.1||6.6||7.4||7.1||8.0||7.4||6.2||6.4||6.5||7.4||7.1||5.9||6.8|
|Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (humidity 1981–2000)|
|Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1941–1970)|