Culebra Peak

Culebra Peak is the highest summit of the Culebra Range of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in the Rocky Mountains of North America. The prominent 14,053-foot (4,283 m) fourteener is located on private land, 14.2 miles (22.8 km) east-southeast (bearing 113°) of the Town of San Luis in Costilla County, Colorado, United States.[1][2] Culebra Peak is the southernmost fourteener in the Rocky Mountains.

Culebra Peak
Culebra Peak
Culebra Peak viewed from south of San Luis.
Highest point
Elevation14,053 ft (4283 m) [1] NAVD88
Prominence4827 ft (1471 m) [1]
Isolation35.4 mi (56.9 km) [1]
Listing
Coordinates37°07′20″N 105°11′08″W / 37.1222416°N 105.1855625°WCoordinates: 37°07′20″N 105°11′08″W / 37.1222416°N 105.1855625°W[2]
Geography
Culebra Peak is located in Colorado
Culebra Peak
Culebra Peak
LocationCostilla County, Colorado, U.S.[2]
Parent rangeSangre de Cristo Mountains, Highest summit of the
Culebra Range[1]
Topo mapUSGS 7.5' topographic map
Culebra Peak, Colorado[2]
Climbing
Easiest routeHike

Mountain

Culebra Peak is one of the only fourteeners on private land. Access is limited, and a fee (currently $150 per person) is charged to climb the peak. Ownership of and access to the land, both for recreational and other activities, have been controversial issues for many years, involving multiple lawsuits and even occasional violence.[3] In 2017 the ranch the peak is on was put on the market for 105 million dollars, and sold later that year at an undisclosed amount.[4]

While Culebra is one of the lower fourteeners, it is the fourth-most topographically prominent peak in the state, due to its separation from the other fourteeners by the relatively low La Veta Pass.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Culebra Peak, Colorado". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d "Culebra Peak". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
  3. ^ "Culebra Peak". SummitPost.org. Retrieved 2011-02-22.
  4. ^ "Cielo Vista Ranch — and its fourteener — in San Luis Valley sells after listing for $105 million". DenverPost.com. August 14, 2017. Retrieved March 16, 2019.

External links

Culebra

Culebra (meaning snake in Spanish) may refer to:

Culebra, Puerto Rico, an island

Isla Culebra, the Spanish name of Sedge Island, part of the Falkland archipelago

Culebra Peak, the southernmost fourteener in Colorado, United States

Culebra Cut, formerly called Gaillard Cut, an artificial valley in the Panama Canal

Sierra de la Culebra, a mountain range in Castile and León.

Fourteener

In the mountaineering parlance of the Western United States, a fourteener is a mountain peak with an elevation of at least 14,000 feet (4267 meters). There are 96 fourteeners in the United States, all west of the Mississippi River. Colorado has the most (53) of any single state; Alaska is in second place with 29. Many peak baggers try to climb all fourteeners in the contiguous United States, one particular state, or another region.

List of Colorado fourteeners

In the mountaineering parlance of the Western United States, a fourteener is a mountain peak with an elevation of at least 14,000 feet (4270 meters). This is a complete list of the 53 fourteeners in the U.S. State of Colorado with at least 300 feet (91.44 meters) of topographic prominence. See the main fourteener article, which has a list of all of the fourteeners in the United States, for some information about how such lists are determined and caveats about elevation and ranking accuracy.

The summit of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways:

The topographic elevation of a summit measures the height of the summit above a geodetic sea level.

The topographic prominence of a summit is a measure of how high the summit rises above its surroundings.

The topographic isolation (or radius of dominance) of a summit measures how far the summit lies from its nearest point of equal elevation.

List of extreme summits of the Rocky Mountains

This article comprises four sortable tables of mountain summits of the Rocky Mountains of North America that are the higher than any other point north or south of their latitude or east or west their longitude in those mountains.

The summit of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways:

The topographic elevation of a summit measures the height of the summit above a geodetic sea level.

The topographic prominence of a summit is a measure of how high the summit rises above its surroundings.

The topographic isolation (or radius of dominance) of a summit measures how far the summit lies from its nearest point of equal elevation.

List of mountain peaks of Colorado

This article comprises three sortable tables of major mountain peaks of the U.S. State of Colorado.

The summit of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways:

The topographic elevation of a summit measures the height of the summit above a geodetic sea level. The first table below ranks the 55 highest major summits of Colorado by elevation.

The topographic prominence of a summit is a measure of how high the summit rises above its surroundings. The second table below ranks the 50 most prominent summits of Colorado.

The topographic isolation (or radius of dominance) of a summit measures how far the summit lies from its nearest point of equal elevation. The third table below ranks the 50 most isolated major summits of Colorado.

List of mountain peaks of North America

This article comprises three sortable tables of major mountain peaks of greater North America.The summit of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways:

The topographic elevation of a summit measures the height of the summit above a geodetic sea level. The first table below ranks the 100 highest major summits of greater North America by elevation.

The topographic prominence of a summit is a measure of how high the summit rises above its surroundings. The second table below ranks the 50 most prominent summits of greater North America.

The topographic isolation (or radius of dominance) of a summit measures how far the summit lies from its nearest point of equal elevation. The third table below ranks the 50 most isolated major summits of greater North America.

List of mountain peaks of the Rocky Mountains

This article comprises three sortable tables of major mountain peaks of the Rocky Mountains of North America.

The summit of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways:

The topographic elevation of a summit measures the height of the summit above a geodetic sea level. The first table below ranks the 100 highest major summits of greater North America by elevation.

The topographic prominence of a summit is a measure of how high the summit rises above its surroundings. The second table below ranks the 50 most prominent summits of greater North America.

The topographic isolation (or radius of dominance) of a summit measures how far the summit lies from its nearest point of equal elevation. The third table below ranks the 50 most isolated major summits of greater North America.

List of mountain peaks of the United States

This article comprises three sortable tables of major mountain peaks of the United States of America.

The summit of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways:

The topographic elevation of a summit measures the height of the summit above a geodetic sea level. The first table below ranks the 100 highest major summits of the United States by elevation.

The topographic prominence of a summit is a measure of how high the summit rises above its surroundings. The second table below ranks the 50 most prominent summits of the United States.

The topographic isolation (or radius of dominance) of a summit measures how far the summit lies from its nearest point of equal elevation. The third table below ranks the 50 most isolated major summits of the United States.

List of mountain ranges of Colorado

The following table lists the major mountain ranges of the U.S. State of Colorado. All of these ranges can be considered subranges of the Rocky Mountains.

As given in the table, topographic elevation is the vertical distance above the reference geoid, a mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface. The topographic prominence of a summit is the elevation difference between that summit and the highest or key col to a higher summit. The topographic isolation of a summit is the minimum great-circle distance to a point of equal elevation.

All elevations in this article include an elevation adjustment from the National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929 (NGVD 29) to the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88). For further information, please see this United States National Geodetic Survey note. If an elevation or prominence is calculated as a range of values, the arithmetic mean is shown.

List of the highest major summits of Colorado

The following sortable table comprises the 117 highest mountain peaks of the U.S. State of Colorado with at least 3000 meters (9843 feet) of elevation and at least 500 meters (1640 feet) of topographic prominence.

Topographic elevation is the vertical distance above the reference geoid, a mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface. The topographic prominence of a summit is the elevation difference between that summit and the highest or key col to a higher summit. The topographic isolation of a summit is the minimum great-circle distance to a point of equal elevation.

This article defines a significant summit as a summit with at least 100 meters (328.1 feet) of topographic prominence, and a major summit as a summit with at least 500 meters (1640 feet) of topographic prominence. An ultra-prominent summit is a summit with at least 1500 meters (4921 feet) of topographic prominence. There are three ultra-prominent summits in Colorado.

All elevations in this article include an elevation adjustment from the National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929 (NGVD 29) to the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88). For further information, please see this United States National Geodetic Survey note.

If an elevation or prominence is calculated as a range of values, the arithmetic mean is shown.

List of the highest major summits of the United States

The following sortable table comprises the 200 highest mountain peaks of the United States with at least 500 meters (1640 feet) of topographic prominence.The summit of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways:

The topographic elevation of a summit measures the height of the summit above a geodetic sea level.

The topographic prominence of a summit is a measure of how high the summit rises above its surroundings.

The topographic isolation (or radius of dominance) of a summit measures how far the summit lies from its nearest point of equal elevation.In the United States, only Denali exceeds 6000 meters (19,685 feet) elevation. Four major summits exceed 5000 meters (16,404 feet), nine exceed 4500 meters (14,764 feet), 104 exceed 4000 meters (13,123 feet), 220 exceed 3500 meters (11,483 feet), and 302 major summits exceed 3000 meters' (9843 feet) elevation.

List of the major 4000-meter summits of North America

The following sortable table comprises the 124 mountain peaks of greater North America with at least 4000 meters (13,123 feet) of elevation and at least 500 meters (1640 feet) of topographic prominence.The summit of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways:

The topographic elevation of a summit measures the height of the summit above a geodetic sea level.

The topographic prominence of a summit is a measure of how high the summit rises above its surroundings.

The topographic isolation (or radius of dominance) of a summit measures how far the summit lies from its nearest point of equal elevation.In greater North America, only Denali exceeds 6000 meters (19,685 feet) elevation. Three major summits exceed 5500 meters (18,045 feet), 11 exceed 5000 meters (16,404 feet), 21 exceed 4500 meters (14,764 feet), the following 124 major summits exceed 4000 meters (13,123 feet), 277 exceed 3500 meters (11,483 feet), and 401 exceed 3000 meters (9843 feet) elevation.

List of the major 4000-meter summits of the Rocky Mountains

The following sortable table comprises the 62 peaks of the Rocky Mountains of North America with at least 4000 meters (13,123 feet) of elevation and at least 500 meters (1640 feet) of topographic prominence.The summit of a mountain or hill may be measured in three principal ways:

The topographic elevation of a summit measures the height of the summit above a geodetic sea level.

The topographic prominence of a summit is a measure of how high the summit rises above its surroundings.

The topographic isolation (or radius of dominance) of a summit measures how far the summit lies from its nearest point of equal elevation.In the Rocky Mountains, the following 62 major summits exceed 4000 meters (13,123 feet) elevation, 137 exceed 3500 meters (11,483 feet), and 184 exceed 3000 meters (9843 feet) elevation.

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List of the most prominent summits of Colorado

The following sortable table comprises the 100 most topographically prominent mountain peaks of the U.S. State of Colorado.

Topographic elevation is the vertical distance above the reference geoid, a mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface. The topographic prominence of a summit is the elevation difference between that summit and the highest or key col to a higher summit. The topographic isolation of a summit is the minimum great-circle distance to a point of equal elevation.

This article defines a significant summit as a summit with at least 100 meters (328.1 feet) of topographic prominence, and a major summit as a summit with at least 500 meters (1640 feet) of topographic prominence. An ultra-prominent summit is a summit with at least 1500 meters (4921 feet) of topographic prominence. There are 126 ultra-prominent summits in the United States.

All elevations include an adjustment from the National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929 (NGVD 29) to the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88). For further information, please see this United States National Geodetic Survey note.

If an elevation or prominence is calculated as a range of values, the arithmetic mean is shown.

Lou Pai

Lou Lung Pai (Chinese: 白露龍; pinyin: Bái Lòulóng) (born 1947) is a Chinese-American businessman and former Enron executive. He was CEO of Enron Energy Services from March 1997 until January 2001 and CEO of Enron Xcelerator, a venture capital division of Enron, from February 2001 until June 2001. He left Enron with over $280 million. Pai was the second-largest land owner in Colorado after he purchased the 77,500-acre (314 km2) Taylor Ranch for $23 million in 1999, though he sold the property in June 2004 for $60 million.Pai was not charged with any criminal wrongdoing in the Enron scandal and exercised his 5th Amendment rights in regard to the subsequent Enron class action lawsuits. However, as a result of the lawsuit, Pai forfeited $6 million due to him from Enron's insurance policy for company officers to a fund for Enron shareholders.Accounts of the Enron scandal have frequently portrayed him as a mysterious figure; a former Enron employee, interviewed in the 2005 documentary film Enron: The Smartest Guys in the Room, referred to Pai as "the invisible CEO".

Red Mountain (Costilla County, Colorado)

Red Mountain, elevation 13,914 ft (4,241 m), is a summit in the Culebra Range of south central Colorado. The peak is on private land 15 mi (24 km) southeast of San Luis.

Sangre de Cristo Mountains

The Sangre de Cristo Mountains (Spanish for "Blood of Christ") are the southernmost subrange of the Rocky Mountains. They are located in southern Colorado and northern New Mexico in the United States. The mountains run from Poncha Pass in South-Central Colorado, trending southeast and south, ending at Glorieta Pass, southeast of Santa Fe, New Mexico.

The mountains contain a number of fourteen thousand foot peaks in the Colorado portion, as well as all the peaks in New Mexico which are over thirteen thousand feet.

The name of the mountains may refer to the occasional reddish hues observed during sunrise and sunset, and when alpenglow occurs, especially when the mountains are covered with snow. Although the particular origin of the name is unclear, it has been in use since the early 19th century. Before that time the terms "La Sierra Nevada", "La Sierra Madre", "La Sierra", and "The Snowies" (used by English speakers) were used. According to tradition, "sangre de Cristo" were the last words of a Catholic priest who was killed by Indians. Sometimes the archaic Spanish spelling "Christo" is used.

Sneffels Range

The Sneffels Range, regionally conterminous with San Juans, is a young, prominent, and rugged range of mountains in southwestern Colorado of the San Juan Mountains. The Sneffels range form the southern border of Ouray County and run west to east.

Two Buttes

Two Buttes is a dual-peaked mountain in Prowers County, Colorado. The two peaks, which are the highest point in Prowers County, rise about 300 feet (91 m) above the mostly flat Great Plains that surround them, making them visible for miles. The south peak is about 30 feet (9.1 m) higher than the north one, and both are connected by a saddle.The peaks, on private land, are located just north of the Two Buttes Reservoir State Wildlife Area, located across the border in Baca County just to the south. They are located just east of Highway 385/287. The town of Two Buttes is also located in Baca County, to the south of the peaks..

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