Cryptophagidae

Cryptophagidae is a family of beetles with representatives found in all ecozones. Members of this family are commonly called silken fungus beetles and both adults and larvae appear to feed exclusively on fungi although in a wide variety of habitats and situations, such as rotting wood and shed animal fur and feathers. These beetles vary from about 1 to 11 millimeters long, and usually have an oval body shape with a slight "waist".

Around 600 species have been described and are placed in about 60 genera in two subfamilies.[1]

Subfamilies:[1]

Cryptophagidae
Picrotus thoracicus
Picrotus thoracicus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Superfamily: Cucujoidea
Family: Cryptophagidae
Kirby, 1826
Cryptophagidae P1140143a
Silken fungus beetles, Cryptophagidae

Genera

These 37 genera belong to the family Cryptophagidae:

  • Alfieriella Wittmer, 1935 g
  • Amydropa Reitter, 1877 i c g
  • Anitamaria Leschen, 1996 g
  • Antarcticotectus Brookes, 1951 g
  • Antherophagus Dejean, 1821 i c g b
  • Atomaria Stephens, 1829 i c g b
  • Caenoscelis Thomson, 1863 i c g b
  • Cryptophagites Ponomarenko, 1990 g
  • Cryptophagus Herbst, 1792 i c g b
  • Cryptothelypterus Leschen & Lawrence, 1991 g
  • Curelius Casey, 1900 i c g b
  • Dernostea Sasaji, 1984 g
  • Ephistemus Stephens, 1829 i c g b
  • Henoticus Thomson, 1868 i c g b
  • Henotiderus Reitter, 1877 i c g b
  • Hypocoprus Motschoulsky, 1839 g b
  • Hypophagus Lyubarsky, 1989 i c g
  • Meybohmia Esser, 2006 g
  • Micrambe Thomson, 1863 g
  • Myrmedophila Bousquet, 1989 i c b
  • Nganasania Zherikhin, 1977 g
  • Ootypus Ganglbauer, 1899 g
  • Ostreacryptus Leschen, 2001 g
  • Paramecosoma Curtis, 1833 g
  • Paratomaria Leschen, 1996 g
  • Parephistemus Casey, 1924 i c g
  • Pseudhapalips Champion, 1913 g
  • Pteryngium Reitter, 1887 i c g b
  • Renodesta Caterino, Leschen & Johnson, 2008 i c g b[2]
  • Salebius Casey, 1900 i c g b
  • Serratomaria Nakane & Hisamatsu, 1963 g
  • Spaniophaenus Reitter, 1875 g
  • Spavius Motschulsky, 1844 g
  • Sternodea Reitter, 1875 i c g
  • Telmatophilus Heer, 1841 i c g b
  • Tisactia Casey, 1900 i c g b
  • Tomarops Grouvelle, 1903 g

Data sources: i = ITIS,[3] c = Catalogue of Life,[4] g = GBIF,[5] b = Bugguide.net[6][7]

References

  1. ^ a b Cai, C. Y. and B. Wang. (2013). The oldest silken fungus beetle from the Early Cretaceous of southern China (Coleoptera: Cryptophagidae: Atomariinae). Alcheringa: An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology 37 1-4.
  2. ^ Caterino, M. S., et al. (2008). A new genus of Caenoscelini (Cryptophagidae: Cryptophaginae) from California, with two new species. The Coleopterists Bulletin 62(4), 509-23.
  3. ^ "Cryptophagidae Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  4. ^ "Browse Cryptophagidae". Catalogue of Life. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  5. ^ "Cryptophagidae". GBIF. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  6. ^ "Cryptophagidae Family Information". BugGuide.net. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  7. ^ Watson, L. and M. J. Dallwitz. 2003 onwards. Cryptophagidae. British Insects: The Families of Coleoptera. 2012 DELTA – DEscription Language for TAxonomy.

External links

Antherophagus

Antherophagus is a genus of silken fungus beetles in the family Cryptophagidae. There are at least four described species in Antherophagus.ITIS Taxonomic note:

The genus name Antherophagus has been variously attributed to Dejean 1821:45 (e.g., Leschen 1996:587) or to Latreille 1829:507 (e.g., Bousquet 1989:12). Under the current International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, Dejean's use is now considered valid by indication with the type species being designated by Westwood, as cited by Leschen (pers. comm., Dr. Paul Skelley, January 2013).

Atomaria

Atomaria is a genus of silken fungus beetles in the family Cryptophagidae. There are at least 160 described species in Atomaria.

Atomaria linearis

Atomaria linearis is a species of silken fungus beetle native to Europe.

Atomariinae

Atomariinae is a subfamily of silken fungus beetles in the family Cryptophagidae. There are about 8 genera and more than 170 described species in Atomariinae.

Atomariini

Atomariini is a tribe of silken fungus beetles in the family Cryptophagidae. There are about 5 genera and at least 70 described species in Atomariini.

Caenoscelis

Caenoscelis is a genus of silken fungus beetles in the family Cryptophagidae. There are about 19 described species in Caenoscelis.

Cryptophaginae

Cryptophaginae is a subfamily of silken fungus beetles in the family Cryptophagidae. There are about 11 genera and more than 180 described species in Cryptophaginae.

Cryptophagini

Cryptophagini is a tribe of silken fungus beetles in the family Cryptophagidae. There are about 8 genera and at least 60 described species in Cryptophagini.

Cryptophagus

Cryptophagus is a genus of beetles in the family Cryptophagidae, the silken fungus beetles. It is distributed across all the ecozones of the world. Like most of the other beetles in the family, these are fungivores, feeding on fungal spores and hyphae.These beetles are flattened and oval in shape, and are generally 2 to 3 millimeters long. They are reddish to dark brown, sometimes with yellowish patterns on the elytra. The thorax is often sculptured with teeth, angles, or other projections. Some are hairy. The larva is usually yellow-brown and cylindrical but flattened, with visible legs.Some species are considered pests when they inhabit stores of grain, flour, bread, dried fruit, and other products, however, the beetles feed on fungi growing on the food product rather than the product itself. They also breed in the fungi, laying eggs in the hyphae. They are more common in products that are damp and moldy. The beetles can transmit fungal spores to products, encouraging mold growth. In Canada the beetles are common in the grain-producing prairie regions.These beetles can be found in other habitats where fungi are available, such as beehives, the nests of other hymenopterans such as wasps and ants, rodent nests, and wool.Species include:

Cryptophagus acutangulus – acute-angled fungus beetle

Cryptophagus bidentatus

Cryptophagus cellaris – cellar fungus beetle

Cryptophagus confertus

Cryptophagus corticinus

Cryptophagus croceus

Cryptophagus dentatus

Cryptophagus difficilis

Cryptophagus discedens

Cryptophagus distinguendus

Cryptophagus fallax

Cryptophagus fumidulus

Cryptophagus hebes

Cryptophagus hexagonalis

Cryptophagus histricus

Cryptophagus jakowlewi

Cryptophagus lapponicus

Cryptophagus latens

Cryptophagus laticollis

Cryptophagus lecontei

Cryptophagus lycoperdi

Cryptophagus mainensis

Cryptophagus maximus

Cryptophagus nobilis

Cryptophagus obsoletus

Cryptophagus peregrinus

Cryptophagus pilosus

Cryptophagus plenus

Cryptophagus politus

Cryptophagus porrectus

Cryptophagus quadrihamatus

Cryptophagus saginatus

Cryptophagus scanicus

Cryptophagus scutellatus

Cryptophagus setulosus

Cryptophagus stromus

Cryptophagus subfumatus

Cryptophagus tuberculosus

Cryptophagus valens

Cryptophagus varus – sigmoid fungus beetle

Cryptophagus vestigialisSome fossil species have been discovered in amber and as compression fossils in rock:

Cryptophagus alexagrestis

Cryptophagus bassleri

Cryptophagus harenus

Cryptophagus petricola

Cryptophagus suncholensis

Cryptophagus corticinus

Cryptophagus corticinus is a species of silken fungus beetle in the family Cryptophagidae. It is found in North America.

Cucujoidea

Cucujoidea is a superfamily of beetles. They include many fungus beetles, as well as lady beetles ("ladybugs" or "ladybirds"). Also included are a diversity of lineages of "bark beetles" unrelated to the "true" bark beetles (Scolytinae), which are weevils (superfamily Curculionoidea).

Curelius

Curelius is a genus of silken fungus beetles in the family Cryptophagidae. There are at least two described species in Curelius.

Ephistemus

Ephistemus is a genus comprising several species of beetles. It is contained in the family Cryptophagidae. Species within this genus include the silken fungus beetle (Ephistemus globulus) and E. reitteri.

Henoticus

Henoticus is a genus of silken fungus beetles in the family Cryptophagidae. There are at least four described species in Henoticus.

Henotiderus

Henotiderus is a genus of silken fungus beetles in the family Cryptophagidae. There are at least four described species in Henotiderus.

Pteryngium

Pteryngium is a genus of silken fungus beetles in the family Cryptophagidae. There is at least one described species in Pteryngium, P. crenatum.

Salebius

Salebius is a genus of silken fungus beetles in the family Cryptophagidae. There are at least four described species in Salebius.

Telmatophilus

Telmatophilus is a genus of silken fungus beetles in the family Cryptophagidae. There are about seven described species in Telmatophilus.

Tisactia

Tisactia is a genus of silken fungus beetles in the family Cryptophagidae. There is at least one described species in Tisactia, T. subglabra.

Extant Coleoptera families

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.