Croatian military ranks

The Croatian military ranks are the military insignia used by the Republic of Croatia Armed Forces.

Officer ranks

Oznaka čina kapetana bojnog broda na rukavu
The sleeve insignia for Kapetan bojnog broda.

Labels ranks for members of the Croatian Ground Army and Croatian Air Force and Defense are identical, except that the ranks of the Ground Army are gold and of the Air Force and Defense are silver.

The rank insignia for commissioned officers for the army, navy and air force respectively.

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Croatia
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Army-HRV-OF-10.svg Army-HRV-OF-09.svg Army-HRV-OF-08.svg Army-HRV-OF-07.svg Army-HRV-OF-06.svg Army-HRV-OF-05.svg Army-HRV-OF-04.svg Army-HRV-OF-03.svg Army-HRV-OF-02.svg Army-HRV-OF-01a.svg Army-HRV-OF-01b.svg No equivalent
Stožerni general General zbora General pukovnik General bojnik Brigadni general Brigadir Pukovnik Bojnik Satnik Natporučnik Poručnik
Translation General of the Army General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain First lieutenant Second lieutenant
Croatia Croatia
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Rukav zimske odore admirala flote HRM.svg Rukav zimske odore admirala HRM.svg Rukav zimske odore viceadmirala HRM.svg Rukav zimske odore kontraadmirala HRM.svg Rukav zimske odore komodora HRM.svg Rukav zimske odore kapetana bojnog broda HRM.svg Rukav zimske odore kapetana fregate HRM.svg Rukav zimske odore kapetana korvete HRM.svg Rukav zimske odore poručnika bojnog broda HRM.svg Rukav zimske odore poručnika fregate HRM.svg Rukav zimske odore poručnika korvete HRM.svg No equivalent
Admiral flote Admiral Viceadmiral Kontraadmiral Komodor Kapetan bojnog broda Kapetan fregate Kapetan korvete Poručnik bojnog broda Poručnik fregate Poručnik korvete
Translation Fleet Admiral Admiral Vice Admiral Counter Admiral Commodore Ship-of-the-line Captain Frigate captain Corvette captain Ship-of-the-line lieutenant Frigate Lieutenant Corvette Lieutenant
Croatia Croatia
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Naramenica službene odore stožernog generala HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica službene odore generala zbora HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica službene odore generala pukovnika HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica službene odore generala bojnika HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica službene odore brigadnog generala HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica službene odore brigadira HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica službene odore pukovnika HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica službene odore bojnika HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica službene odore satnika HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica službene odore natporučnika HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica službene odore poručnika HRZ i PZO.svg No equivalent
Stožerni general General zbora General pukovnik General bojnik Brigadni general Brigadir Pukovnik Bojnik Satnik Natporučnik Poručnik
Translation General of the Air Force General Lieutenant General Major General Brigadier General Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Major Captain First lieutenant Second lieutenant
NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer

Enlisted ranks

Čin nadnarednika HV odora pustinjska
The insignia of Nadnarednik on desert camouflage.

The rank insignia for enlisted personnel for the army, navy and air force respectively.

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Croatia Croatia
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Army-HRV-OR-09.svg Army-HRV-OR-08.svg Army-HRV-OR-07.svg Army-HRV-OR-06.svg Army-HRV-OR-05.svg Army-HRV-OR-04.svg Army-HRV-OR-03.svg Army-HRV-OR-02.svg No insignia
Časnički namjesnik Stožerni narednik Nadnarednik Narednik Desetnik Skupnik Razvodnik Pozornik Vojnik
Translation Sergeant Major Master Sergeant Staff Sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance Corporal Private First Class Private
Croatia Croatia
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Rukav zimske odore časničkog namjesnika HRM.svg Rukav zimske odore stožernog narednika HRM.svg Rukav zimske odore nadnarednika HRM.svg Rukav zimske odore narednika HRM.svg Rukav zimske odore desetnika HRM.svg Rukav zimske odore skupnika HRM.svg Rukav zimske odore razvodnika HRM.svg Rukav zimske odore pozornika HRM.svg No insignia
Časnički namjesnik Stožerni narednik Nadnarednik Narednik Desetnik Skupnik Razvodnik Pozornik Mornar
Translation Master Chief Petty Officer Senior Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer Petty Officer 1st Class Petty Officer 2nd Class Petty Officer 3rd Class Seaman Seaman Recruit
Croatia Croatia
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Naramenica odore časničkog namjesnika HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica odore stožernog narednika HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica odore nadnarednika HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica odore narednika HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica odore desetnika HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica odore skupnika HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica odore razvodnika HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica odore pozornika HRZ i PZO.svg No insignia
Časnički namjesnik Stožerni narednik Nadnarednik Narednik Desetnik Skupnik Razvodnik Pozornik Vojnik
Translation Sergeant Major Master Sergeant Staff Sergeant Sergeant Corporal Lance Corporal Airman First Class Airman
NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1

Etymology

  • Časnik - derived from čast (honour), and indicating "one who is honoured", i.e. with a commission, or "one who holds (the) honour".
  • Dočasnik - after two Croatian words, do (by) and čast (honour). The one who stands by the officer, the one who is subordinate to an officer.
  • Pozornik - after Croatian word pozor (attention). The one who follows the order pozor.
  • Razvodnik - after Croatian verb razvoditi. The one who leads.
  • Skupnik - after Croatian noun skup (group). The one who leads the group.
  • Desetnik - after Croatian number deset (ten). The one who leads ten men.
  • Narednik - after Croatian noun naredba (order). The one who orders.
  • Nadnarednik - after two Croatian words, nad (above) and naredba (order). The one who is above narednik.
  • Stožerni narednik - after two Croatian words, stožer (headquarters, staff) and naredba (order). The one who is a narednik to serve in the army staff.
  • Časnički namjesnik - after two Croatian words, časnik (officer) and namjesnik (governor). The one who governs as an officer.
  • Poručnik - after Croatian word poruka (message), the messenger.
  • Natporučnk - the one who is above poručnik.
  • Satnik - after old Croatian sat (hundred). The one who leads the group of hundred men.
  • Bojnik - after Croatian noun boj (battle). The one who leads the battle.
  • Pukovnik - after Croatian noun pukovnija (regiment) (this word came from puk which means folk). The one who leads the regiment.
  • Brigadir - after word brigada (from French brigade). The one who leads a brigade.
  • Brigadni general - a general of the brigade.
  • Kapetan korvete - captain of the corvette.
  • Kapetan fregate - captain of the frigate.
  • Kapetan bojnog broda - captain of the battleship.

See also

Sources

Croats

Croats (; Croatian: Hrvati, pronounced [xr̩ʋăːti]) or Croatians are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group native to Croatia. Croats mainly live in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, but are also recognized minorities in such countries as Austria, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, and Slovenia.

Due to political, social and economic reasons, many Croats migrated to North and South America (Argentina, Chile, and Paraguay) as well as Australia and New Zealand, establishing a diaspora in the aftermath of World War II, with grassroots assistance from earlier communities and the Roman Catholic Church.Croats are mostly Roman Catholics. The Croatian language is official in Croatia, the European Union, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Croatian is a recognised minority language within Croatian autochthonous communities and minorities in Montenegro, Austria (Burgenland), Italy (Molise), Romania (Carașova, Lupac) and Serbia (Vojvodina).

Fregattenleutnant

Fregattenleutnant (Hun: Fregatthadnagy / en: translation Fregate lieutenant) was an officer rank in the Austro-Hungarian Navy. It was equivalent to Oberleutnant of the Austro-Hungarian Army, as well to Oberleutnant zur See of the Imperial German Navy. Pertaining to the modern day's NATO rank code it could be comparable to OF-1a (senior).

The right to be assigned to Fregattenleutnant was limited to professional officers. It was superior to Korvettenleutnant (a reserve rank) and inferior to Linienschiffsleutnant. Until 1908 the rank was called Linienschiffsfähnrich (ship-of-the-line ensign).

Professional officers skipped that rank Fregattenleutnant and were regular promote from Seefähnrich to Fregattenleutnant (also OF-1a), the next higher rank (comparable to Oberleutnant zur See).

The rank name was selected in line to the division of war ships to specific ship categories early of the 19th century, e.g. corvette (de: Korvette), frigate (de: Fregatte), and to ship of the line (de: Linienschiff). In the Austro-Hungarian Navy the appropriate rank designations were derived as follows.

Korvettenkapitän OF-3 (equivalent: to Heer Major)

Fregattenkapitän OF-4 (equivalent: to Heer Oberstleutnant)

Linienschiffskapitän OF5; (equivalent: to deutsche Marine Kapitän zur See / Heer Oberst)According to that systematic the rank designations to subaltern – or junior officers were derived as follows:

Korvettenleutnant OF-1b (equivalent to deutsche Marine Leutnant zur See Heer: Leutnant)

Fregattenleutnant OF-1a (equivalent to deutsche Marine Oberleutnant zur See / Heer: Oberleutnant)

Linienschiffsleutnant OF-2 (equivalent to deutsche Marine Kapitänleutnant / Heer:Hauptmann)This sequence of ranks can be found in the today´s Croatian naval forces.

Korvettenleutnant

Korvettenleutnant (Hun: Tengerészzászlós / en: translation Corvette lieutenant) was an officer rank in the Austro-Hungarian Navy. It was equivalent to Leutnant of the Austro-Hungarian Army, as well to Leutnant zur See of the Imperial German Navy. Pertaining to the modern day's NATO rank code it could be comparable to OF-1b.

The right to be promoted to Korvettenleutnant was limited to so-called naval reserve officers only. However, professional officers skipped that rank and were regular promote from Seefähnrich to Fregattenleutnant (also OF-1a), the next higher rank (comparable to Oberleutnant zur See). A Korvettenleutnant did wear the same rank insignia as a Seefähnrich.

The rank name was selected in line to the division of war ships to specific ship categories early of the 19th century, e.g. corvette (de: Korvette), frigate (de: Fregatte), and to ship of the line (de: Linienschiff). In the Austro-Hungarian Navy the appropriate rank designations were derived as follows.

Korvettenkapitän OF-3 (equivalent: to Heer Major)

Fregattenkapitän OF-4 (equivalent: to Heer Oberstleutnant)

Linienschiffskapitän OF5; (equivalent: to deutsche Marine Kapitän zur See / Heer Oberst)According to that systematic the rank designations to subaltern – or junior officers were derived as follows:

Korvettenleutnant OF-1b (equivalent to deutsche Marine Leutnant zur See Heer: Leutnant)

Fregattenleutnant OF-1a (equivalent to deutsche Marine Oberleutnant zur See / Heer: Oberleutnant)

Linienschiffsleutnant OF-2 (equivalent to deutsche Marine Kapitänleutnant / Heer:Hauptmann)This sequence of ranks can be found in the today´s Croatian naval forces.

Linienschiffsleutnant

Linienschiffsleutnant (Hun: Sorhajóhadnagy / en: translation Ship-of-the-line lieutenant) was an officer rank in the Austro-Hungarian Navy. It was equivalent to Hauptmann of the Austro-Hungarian Army, as well to Kapitänleutnant of the Imperial German Navy. Pertaining to the modern day's NATO rank code it could be comparable to OF-2.

The rank designation was used continuously in the Austria-Hungarian follow on countries Yugoslavia, Croatia, and Slovenia, as well as in the modern day's Austrian merchant navy.

The rank name was selected in line to the division of war ships to specific ship categories early of the 19th century, e.g. corvette (de: Korvette), frigate (de: Fregatte), and to ship of the line (de: Linienschiff). In the Austro-Hungarian Navy the appropriate rank designations were derived as follows.

Korvettenkapitän OF-3 (equivalent: to Heer Major)

Fregattenkapitän OF-4 (equivalent: to Heer Oberstleutnant)

Linienschiffskapitän OF5; (equivalent: to deutsche Marine Kapitän zur See / Heer Oberst)According to that systematic the rank designations to subaltern – or junior officers were derived as follows:

Korvettenleutnant OF-1b (equivalent to deutsche Marine Leutnant zur See Heer: Leutnant)

Fregattenleutnant OF-1a (equivalent to deutsche Marine Oberleutnant zur See / Heer: Oberleutnant)

Linienschiffsleutnant OF-2 (equivalent to deutsche Marine Kapitänleutnant / Heer:Hauptmann)This sequence of ranks can be found in the today's naval forces of Croatia, and Slovenia.

List of comparative military ranks

This article is a list of various states' armed forces ranking designations. Comparisons are made between the different systems used by nations to categorize the hierarchy of an armed force compared to another. Several of these lists mention NATO reference codes. These are the NATO rank reference codes, used for easy comparison among NATO countries. Links to comparison charts can be found below.

Outline of Croatia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Croatia:

Croatia – unitary democratic parliamentary republic in Europe at the crossroads of Central Europe, the Balkans, and the Mediterranean. The country's population is 4.45 million, most of whom are Croats, with the most common religious denomination being Roman Catholicism. Croatia is a member of the European Union (since July 2013).

Republic of Croatia Armed Forces

The Republic of Croatia Armed Forces (Croatian: Oružane snage Republike Hrvatske – OSRH) is the military service of Croatia.

The President is the Armed Forces Commander-in-Chief, and exercises administrative powers in times of war by giving orders to the chief of staff, while administration and defence policy execution in peacetime is carried out by the Government through the Ministry of Defence. This unified institution consists of land, sea, and air branches referred to as:

Croatian Army (Hrvatska kopnena vojska - HKoV)

Croatian Navy (Hrvatska ratna mornarica - HRM)

Croatian Air Force (Hrvatsko ratno zrakoplovstvo - HRZ i PZO)The Croatian Armed Forces are charged with protecting the Republic as well as supporting international peacekeeping efforts, when mandated by the NATO, United Nations and/or European Union.

The Army has 650 AFVs, around 150 pieces of artillery, 100 MLRSs, around 70 tanks, and 20 SPGs. The Air Force has 12 MiG-21 jet fighters, 10 combat-transport Mi-171 and 16 OH-58 attack helicopters. The Navy has 29 ships, out of which five 60-80 metre fast attack craft are used in offensive capabilities.

Stožerni general

Stožerni general (literally "Staff General", usually translated as "General of the army") is the highest rank in the Croatian Army (HV) and the Croatian Air Force (HRZ) branches of the Republic of Croatia Armed Forces (OSRH). It corresponds to Admiral flote ("Admiral of the fleet") rank used in the Croatian Navy (HRM).

Stožerni general corresponds to other five-star ranks in other militaries, and is designated as code OF-10 according to NATO rank classification.

Yugoslav People's Army ranks

The Yugoslav People's Army ranks are the military insignia used by the Yugoslav People's Army.

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