Crane vessel

A crane vessel, crane ship or floating crane is a ship with a crane specialized in lifting heavy loads. The largest crane vessels are used for offshore construction. Conventional monohulls are used, but the largest crane vessels are often catamaran or semi-submersible types as they have increased stability. On a sheerleg crane, the crane is fixed and cannot rotate, and the vessel therefore is manoeuvered to place loads. As of 2019, the largest crane vessel in the world is the CNOOC Limited owned Lanjing, having 3 cranes of capacities 7500 tonnes, 4000 tonnes and 1600 tonnes.[1]

Wind Lift I, Emder Hafen WhiteBalanced
Wind Lift I at the harbor in Emden, Lower Saxony, Germany

History

In medieval Europe, crane vessels which could be flexibly deployed in the whole port basin were introduced as early as the 14th century.[2]

During the age of sail, the sheer hulk was used extensively as a floating crane for tasks that required heavy lift. At the time, the heaviest single components of ships were the main masts, and sheer hulks were essential for removing and replacing them, but they were also used for other purposes. Some crane vessels had engines for propulsion, others needed to be towed with a tugboat.

USS Kearsarge as crane ship AB-1
USS Kearsarge as Crane Ship No. 1

In 1920, the 1898-built battleship USS Kearsarge was converted to a crane ship when a crane with a capacity of 250 tons was installed. Later it was renamed Crane Ship No. 1.[3] It was used, amongst other things, to place guns and other heavy items on other battleships under construction. Another remarkable feat was the raising of the submarine USS Squalus in 1939.

In 1942, the crane ships a.k.a. "Heavy Lift Ships" SS Empire Elgar (PQ16), SS Empire Bard (PQ15), and SS Empire Purcell (PQ16) were sent to the Russian Arctic ports of Archangel, Murmansk and Molotovsk (since renamed Sererodvinsk). Their role was to enable the unloading of the Arctic convoys where port installations were either destroyed by German bombers or were non existent (as at Bakaritsa quay Archangel).[4][5][6]

In 1949, J. Ray McDermott had Derrick Barge Four built, a barge that was outfitted with a revolving crane capable of lifting 150 tons. The arrival of this type of vessel changed the direction of the offshore construction industry. Instead of constructing oil platforms in parts, jackets and decks could be built onshore as modules. For use in the shallow part of the Gulf of Mexico, the cradle of the offshore industry, these barges sufficed.

In 1963, Heerema converted a Norwegian tanker, Sunnaas, into a crane vessel with a capacity of 300 tons, the first one in the offshore industry that was ship-shaped. It was renamed Global Adventurer. This type of crane vessel was better adapted to the harsh environment of the North Sea.

SSCVThialf
SSCV Thialf in a Norwegian fjord

Semi-submersible giants

In 1978, Heerema had two semi-submersible crane vessels built, Hermod and Balder, each with one 2,000 ton and one 3,000 ton crane. Later both were upgraded to a higher capacity. This type of crane vessel was much less sensitive to sea swell, so that it was possible to operate on the North Sea during the winter months. The high stability also allowed for heavier lifts than was possible with a monohull. The larger capacity of the cranes reduced the installation time of a platform from a whole season to a few weeks. Inspired by this success similar vessels were built. In 1985 DB-102 was launched for McDermott, with two cranes with a capacity of 6,000 tons each. Micoperi ordered M7000 in 1986, designed with two cranes of 7,000 tons each.

However, due to an oil glut in the mid 1980s, the boom in the offshore industry was over, resulting in collaborations. In 1988, a joint venture between Heerema and McDermott was formed, HeereMac. In 1990 Micoperi had to apply for bankruptcy. Saipem – in the beginning of the 1970s a large heavy lift contractor, but only a small player in this field at the end of the 1980s – acquired M7000 from Micoperi in 1995, later renaming it Saipem 7000. In 1997 Heerema took over DB-102 from McDermott after discontinuation of their joint venture.[7] The ship was renamed Thialf and, after an upgrade in 2000 to twice 7,100 tons, it is now the largest crane vessel in the world.

Thialf can use both cranes to lift 14,200 t (14,000 long tons; 15,700 short tons) at a radius of 31.2 m (102 ft); in comparison, Saipem 7000 can use both cranes to lift a smaller load of 14,000 t (14,000 long tons; 15,000 short tons) at a wider radius of 41 m (135 ft).[8]

Lifting records

A heaviest single lift record was set in 2000 by Thialf for lifting the 11,883 t (11,695-long-ton; 13,099-short-ton) Shearwater topsides for Shell.[9][10] Saipem 7000 set a new record in October 2004 for the 12,150 t (11,960-long-ton; 13,390-short-ton) lift of Sabratha Deck.[11][12]

Under dynamic positioning, Saipem 7000 set another record in 2010 by lifting the 11,600 t (11,400-long-ton; 12,800-short-ton) BP Valhall Production topsides.[12]

Heavy lift vessels

Heavy Lift Vessels, sorted by capacity[13][14]
Vessel name Company Built Flag Lifting capacity (t) Type Identifier Image
Sleipnir Heerema Marine Contractors 2019 Panama 20,000 (10,000 + 10,000 tandem, revolving) Semi-submersible IMO number9781425
Thialf Heerema Marine Contractors 1985 Panama 14,200[15] (7,100 + 7,100 tandem, revolving) Semi-submersible IMO number8757740 KOGA , THIALF , SMIT SCHELDE & SMIT SEINE (13823134403)
Saipem 7000 Saipem 1987 The Bahamas 14,000[16] (7,000 + 7,000 tandem, revolving) Semi-submersible IMO number8501567 Saipem 7000 - Hundvåg, Norway - 28 May 2010
Hyundai-10000 Hyundai Heavy Industries 2015 South Korea 10,000[17] Sheerleg Monohull MMSI number: 440680000
Svanen Van Oord 1991 The Bahamas 8,700[18] Catamaran IMO number9007453 HLV Svanen at Belwind
Hermod Heerema Marine Contractors 1978 Panama 8,100[19] (4,500 + 3,600 tandem; 4,500 + 2,700 revolving) Semi-submersible (scrapped) IMO number7710214 Hermod leaving Calland canal
Lan Jing CNOOC 1990 Hong Kong 7,500[20] (4,000 revolving) Monohull IMO number8907527
VB-10,000 Versabar Inc. 2010 United States 6,800[21] Catamaran MMSI number: 367490050 SP-57 A to WD-89 (11442548985)
Balder Heerema Marine Contractors 1978 Panama 6,300[22] (3,600 + 2,700 tandem; 3,000 + 2,000 revolving) Semi-submersible IMO number7710226 Balder off Trinidad
Asian Hercules III Asian Lift (Keppel Fels/Smit International JV) 2015 Singapore 5,000[23] Sheerleg Monohull IMO number9660396
Seven Borealis Subsea 7 2012 The Bahamas 5,000[24] Monohull IMO number9452787 SEVEN BOREALIS (14384338597)
Oleg Strashnov Seaway Heavy Lifting 2011 Cyprus 5,000[25] Monohull IMO number9452701 Oleg Strashnov (ship, 2011) 003
HL 5000 Deep Offshore Technology ? Iran 4,500[26] Sheerleg Barge
Oceanic 5000 Oceanic Marine Contractors 2011 Barbados 4,400[27] Monohull IMO number9559145
Kaisho
(海翔)
Yorigami Maritime Construction Co., Ltd. ? Japan 4,100[28] Sheerleg Barge Floating Crane - Kobe, Japan - March 2003
Aegir[29][30] Heerema Marine Contractors 2012 Panama 4,000[31] Monohull IMO number9605396 Aegir, IMO 9605396 pic4
Gulliver Scaldis 2018 Luxembourg 4,000[32] (2,000 + 2,000 tandem) Sheerleg Barge IMO number9774094 GULLIVER (39694070275)
Yosho
(洋翔)
Yorigami Maritime Construction Co., Ltd. ? Japan 4,000[33] Sheerleg Barge Crane vessel 洋翔 02 (15803673221)
DB 50 J. Ray McDermott 1986 Panama 3,800[34] (3,200 revolving) Monohull IMO number8503539
Lan Jiang CNOOC 2001 China 3,800[35] (2,500 revolving) Monohull IMO number9245641
Swiber Kaizen 4000 Swiber Offshore 2012 Panama 3,800[36] Monohull MMSI number: 357978000
Musashi Fukada Salvage & Marine Works Co., Ltd. 1974 Japan 3,700[37] Sheerleg Barge Tokyo-ko Rinkai Bridge construction 1005162
Vessel name Company Built Flag Lifting capacity (t) Type Identifier Image
Yoshida No. 50
(第50吉田号)
Yoshida Gumi, Ltd. ? Japan 3,700[38] Sheerleg Barge Construction of Tokyo Gate Bridge 6
L 3601 Sembcorp Marine 2012 Singapore 3,600[39] Sheerleg Barge
OOS Gretha OOS International 2012 Marshall Islands 3,600[40] (1,800 + 1,800 tandem) Semi-submersible IMO number9650963
Samho 4000 Samho Ind. Co. Ltd 2009 South Korea 3,600[41] Sheerleg Barge MMSI number: 440111280
Rambiz Scaldis 1976 Belgium 3,300[42] (1,700 + 1,600 tandem) Sheerleg Barge IMO number9136199 Rambiz-d
Asian Hercules II Asian Lift (Keppel Fels/Smit International JV) 1985 Singapore 3,200[43] Sheerleg Monohull IMO number8639297
DB 101 (ex-Narwhal) J. Ray McDermott 1978 Saint Kitts and Nevis 3,200[13] Semi-submersible (scrapped) IMO number7709069 McDermott DB 101, IMO 7709069
Saipem Constellation Saipem 2014 Panama 3,000[44] Monohull IMO number9629756 Lewek Constellation and Ceona Amazon - Wiltonhaven Schiedam - 9 Jan. 2014
Fuji Fukada Salvage & Marine Works Co., Ltd. ? Japan 3,000[37] Sheerleg Barge
Yoshida No. 28
(第28吉田号)
Yoshida Gumi, Ltd. ? Japan 3,000[45] Sheerleg Barge
Swiber PJW3000 Swiber Offshore 2010 Panama 3,000[36] Barge MMSI number: 370210000
Wei Li Shanghai Salvage 2010 China 3,000[46] Monohull IMO number9597628 Crane ship - Kraanschip - Wei Li - Nieuwe Waterweg - Hoek van Holland - Port of Rotterdam (21219259898)
SADAF 3000 Darya Fan Qeshm Industries Company 1985 Iran 3,000[47] Sheerleg Barge IMO number8415512
Samho 3000 Samho Ind. Co. Ltd ? South Korea 3,000[48] Sheerleg Barge MMSI number: 440121590
Bokalift 1 Boskalis 2018 Cyprus 3,000[49] Monohull IMO number9592850 BOKALIFT 1 (40451998542)
DB 30 J. Ray McDermott 1999 Panama 2,794[50] (2,223 revolving) Monohull MMSI number: 356011000
LTS 3000 L&T-SapuraCrest JV[51] 2010 India 2,722[52] Monohull IMO number9446843 LTS3000 Forward Portside view
Sapura 3000 SapuraAcergy 2008 Malaysia 2,722[53] Monohull IMO number9391270 Sapura 3000 BC Module 02 - Rong Doi field
Seaway Yudin[54] Seaway Heavy Lifting 1985 Cyprus 2,500[55] Monohull IMO number8219463 Crane ship Stanislav Yudin - IMO 8219463 - Maasmond - Rotterdam - 24 Jan. 2015
Lewek Champion EMAS Chiyoda Subsea 2007 Singapore 2,200[56] Monohull IMO number9377377
Vessel name Company Built Flag Lifting capacity (t) Type Identifier Image
Suruga Fukada Salvage & Marine Works Co., Ltd. ? Japan 2,200[37] Sheerleg Barge
Taklift 4 Smit International 1981 Netherlands 2,200[14] Sheerleg Barge IMO number8010506 TAKLIFT 4 IMO 8010506 Floating Sheerleg, Port of Rotterdam pic3
Saipem 3000 Saipem 1984 The Bahamas 2,177[57] revolving Monohull IMO number8309165 Saipem 3000 (13692582943)
DB 27 J. Ray McDermott 1974 Panama 2,177[58] (1,270 revolving) Barge IMO number8757685
Kongo Fukada Salvage & Marine Works Co., Ltd. ? Japan 2,050[37] Sheerleg Barge
Quippo Prakash MDL/Quippo/Sapura JV 2010 ? 2,000[59] Monohull
NOR Goliath Coastline Maritime 2009 Marshall Islands 2,000[60] Monohull IMO number9396933 Hanse Sail 2009 - Rostock-Warnemünde - Osa Goliath bei Liebherr (3799222114)
Sampson Coastline Maritime 2010 Panama 2,000[60] Monohull IMO number9429455 OSA Sampson
Kumyong No.2200 Kum Yong Development Co., Ltd 2009 South Korea 2,000[61] Sheerleg Barge MMSI number: 440011970
Huasteco Grupo Protexa 1960 Mexico 1,800[62] Monohull IMO number5377953 Huasteco IMO 5377953
Tolteca CAMSA 1955 Mexico 1,800[63] Monohull IMO number5320522
Matador 3 Bonn Mees 2002 Netherlands 1,800[64] Sheerleg Barge IMO number9272137 Matador 3 IMO 9272137 Port of Rotterdam
Samho 2000 Samho Ind. Co. Ltd ? ? 1,800[65] Sheerleg Barge
Left Coast Lifter Fluor/American Bridge/Granite/Traylor Brothers JV 2009 United States 1,699[66] Sheerleg Barge Left Coast Lifter - Truss Install (D137)
Asian Hercules Asian Lift (Keppel Fels/Smit International JV) 1985 Singapore 1,600[67] Sheerleg Barge MMSI number: 563314000 Asian hercules on duty MMHE
DLB1600 Valentine Maritime Gulf 2013 Panama 1,600[68] (1,200 revolving) Barge IMO number9681651
Shinsho-1600
(神翔-1600)
Yorigami Maritime Construction Co., Ltd. ? Japan 1,600[69] Monohull Yorigami Maritime Construction SHINSHO-1600
Vessel name Company Built Flag Lifting capacity (t) Type Identifier Image
Planned / Under Construction
Vessel name Company Year Lifting capacity Type
OOS Zeelandia OOS International 2022 24,000[70] (12,000 + 12,000 tandem) Semi-submersible
OOS Serooskerke OOS International Q2 2019 4,400[71] (2,200 + 2,200 tandem) Semi-submersible
OOS Walcheren OOS International Q4 2019 4,400[72] (2,200 + 2,200 tandem) Semi-submersible

See also

References

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  2. ^ Michael Matheus: "Mittelalterliche Hafenkräne," in: Uta Lindgren (ed.): Europäische Technik im Mittelalter. 800-1400, Berlin 2001 (4th ed.), p. 346 ISBN 3-7861-1748-9
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    On Oct. 30, the Transshelf arrived at the offshore site, following a four-week voyage via the Suez Canal. Two days later, the Saipem 7000 mated the deck to the jacket in a four-hour operation. Certifying authority Lloyd’s Register confirmed the weight as a world record for a single lift offshore. However, Saipem should top its own achievement later this year when the same vessel lifts the Piltun platform topsides into place offshore Sakhalin Island.
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External links

  • A Gigantic Muscle of Steel: it picks up a sunken tugboat from the harbor bottom as easily as you'd lift ten pounds off the floor, Popular Science monthly, February 1919, page 67, Scanned by Google Books
Asian Hercules II

Asian Hercules II is a floating sheerleg crane vessel owned and operated by Asian Lift (Smit Singapore Pty ltd and Keppel Fels.

Clark Ádám (crane vessel)

Clark Ádám is a crane vessel, specifically a floating sheerleg, built in 1980 in Budapest, Hungary, by the Hungarian Shipyards and Crane Factory (Hungarian: Magyar Hajó- és Darugyár; MHD) Angyalföld Division. It originally had a lifting capacity of 120 metric tons, gradually raised to 200 tons by 2006, making it one of the largest in lifting capacity on Central European rivers. It is mainly used for building bridges, but is also commissioned to assist salvage operations, as well as to launch hydrofoils. It has rescued several ships; in 2019 it raised the sunken Hableány from the Danube at Budapest. The vessel is named after Scottish engineer Adam Clark (1811–1866).

Floating sheerleg

A floating sheerleg (also: shearleg) is a floating water vessel with a crane built on shear legs. Unlike other types of crane vessel, it is not capable of rotating its crane independently of its hull.

There is a huge variety in sheerleg capacity. The smaller cranes start around 50 ton in lifting capacity, with the largest being able to lift 10,000 tons. The bigger sheerlegs usually have their own propulsion system and have a large accommodation facility on board, while smaller units are floating pontoons that need to be towed to their workplace by tugboats.

Sheerlegs are commonly used for salvaging ships, assistance in shipbuilding, loading and unloading large cargo into ships, and bridge building. They have grown considerably larger over the last decades due to a marked increase in vessel, cargo, and component size (of ships, offshore oil rigs, and other large fabrications), resulting in heavier lifts both during construction and in salvage operations.

Guard ship

A guard ship is a warship assigned as a stationary guard in a port or harbour, as opposed to a coastal patrol boat which serves its protective role at sea.

Herman the German (crane vessel)

Titan, better known by its former nickname Herman the German (US Navy designation YD-171), is a large floating crane currently serving in the Panama Canal Zone performing heavy lifts for lock maintenance. Prior to its move to Panama in 1996, the crane was based at the Long Beach Naval Shipyard from the end of World War II until the yard's closure in 1995. It was seized from the German Kriegsmarine following the end of World War II as part of war reparations. The crane was built by Demag Cranes AG as Schwimmkran nr. 1 in 1941 for the Kriegsmarine, where it had served in the Baltic Sea tending German U-boats. MMSI number: 374940000

The crane was one of four sister ships, two of which are still afloat and in service.

Hermod (ship)

SSCV Hermod was a semi-submersible crane vessel operated by Heerema Marine Contractors.

Kravtsovskoye oilfield

The Kravtsovskoye oilfield (Russian: Кравцовское нефтяное месторождение) is located within block D-6 in the coastal waters of the Baltic Sea, about 22 kilometres (14 mi) west of Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast. The deposit was opened in 1983 and extraction began in 2004. The extraction operation is conducted by Lukoil. Recoverable oil in the field is estimated at 9.1 million tonnes. The surrounding waters are about 30 metres (98 ft) deep.The field is developed with two platforms which were installed by using a Stanislav Yudin crane vessel. The firms involved in the field's infrastructure construction included Corall Central Design Bureau, Kaliningradmorneft, Krein-Shelf, Germanischer Lloyd, Gosgortekhnadzor, Siemens, and HRI Oilfield, L.P. Produced oil and associated gas is transported by a 47-kilometre (29 mi) underwater pipeline to the Romanovo oil-gathering unit. Crude oil is exported through the Izhevsky oil terminal.Due to its proximity to the Curonian Spit, a UNESCO World Heritage site lying within both Lithuania and the Oblast, concerns over the environmental impact of a spill at the site have been raised. During the 2000s the two states agreed to a joint environmental impact assessment of the D-6 project, including plans for oil spill mitigation. The assessment and mitigation project had not been completed as of 2010.

Lanjing

Lanjing (蓝鲸) is a self-propelled, deep water crane vessel, owned by China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC), the national oil exploration company of China, through its Hong Kong-listed subsidiary CNOOC Limited. Built in 2012, it is one of the six large crane barges owned by COOEC and CNOOC, namely HYSY201, HYSY 202, Lanjing, Blue Xinjiang, Binhai 109, HYSY286, HYSY289 and HYSY291.

List of ship launches in 1962

The list of ship launches in 1962 includes a chronological list of all ships launched in 1962.

Mine countermeasures vessel

A mine countermeasures vessel or MCMV is a type of naval ship designed for the location of and destruction of naval mines which combines the role of a minesweeper and minehunter in one hull. The term MCMV is also applied collectively to minehunters and minesweepers.

Minehunter

A minehunter is a naval vessel that seeks, detects, and destroys individual naval mines. Minesweepers, on the other hand, clear mined areas as a whole, without prior detection of mines. A vessel that combines both of these roles is known as a mine countermeasures vessel (MCMV).

Offshore construction

Offshore construction is the installation of structures and facilities in a marine environment, usually for the production and transmission of electricity, oil, gas and other resources. It is also called maritime engineering.

Construction and pre-commissioning is typically performed as much as possible onshore. To optimize the costs and risks of installing large offshore platforms, different construction strategies have been developed.

One strategy is to fully construct the offshore facility onshore, and tow the installation to site floating on its own buoyancy. Bottom founded structure are lowered to the seabed by de-ballasting (see for instance Condeep or Cranefree), whilst floating structures are held in position with substantial mooring systems.

The size of offshore lifts can be reduced by making the construction modular, with each module being constructed onshore and then lifted using a crane vessel into place onto the platform. A number of very large crane vessels were built in the 1970s which allow very large single modules weighing up to 14,000 tonnes to be fabricated and then lifted into place.

Specialist floating hotel vessels known as flotels are used to accommodate workers during the construction and hook-up phases. This is a high cost activity due to the limited space and access to materials.

Oil platforms are key fixed installations from which drilling and production activity is carried out. Drilling rigs are either floating vessels for deeper water or jack-up designs which are a barge with liftable legs. Both of these types of vessel are constructed in marine yards but are often involved during the construction phase to pre-drill some production wells.

Other key factors in offshore construction are the weather window which defines periods of relatively light weather during which continuous construction or other offshore activity can take place. Safety is another key construction parameter, the main hazard obviously being a fall into the sea from which speedy recovery in cold waters is essential.

The main types of vessels used for pipe laying are the "Derrick Barge (DB)", the "Pipelay Barge (LB)" and the "Derrick/Lay barge (DLB)" combination. Diving bells in offshore construction are mainly used in water depths greater than 120 feet (40 m), less than that, the divers use a metal basket driven from an "A" frame from the deck. The basket is lowered to the water level, then the divers enter the water from it to a maximum of 120 feet (40 m). Bells can go to 1,500 feet (460 m), but are normally used at 400 to 800 feet (120 to 240 m).

Offshore construction includes foundations engineering, structural design, construction, and/or repair of offshore structures, both commercial and military, including:

Subsea oil and gas developments

Offshore platforms – fixed platforms, semi-submersibles, spars, tension leg platforms (TLPs), floating production storage and offloading (FPSOs), etc.

Floating oil and gas platforms – semi-submersibles, spars, TLPs, FPSOs, etc.

Offshore wind power

Submarine pipelines

Repair ship

A repair ship is a naval auxiliary ship designed to provide maintenance support to warships. Repair ships provide similar services to destroyer, submarine and seaplane tenders or depot ships, but may offer a broader range of repair capability including equipment and personnel for repair of more significant machinery failures or battle damage.

S7000

S7000 may refer to :

EV-S7000, a Hi8 VCR

Fujifilm FinePix S7000, a 6.3 megapixels digital camera

Saipem 7000, a 1986 crane vessel, the second largest in the world

SSCV Thialf

The SSCV Thialf is a semi-submersible crane vessel operated by Heerema Marine Contractors, and it was the largest crane vessel in the world until the Sleipnir became the largest in 2019.

Saipem 7000

The Saipem 7000 is the world's third largest crane vessel, after the Sleipnir and the Thialf. It is owned by the oil and gas industry contractor Saipem S.p.A.

Sembcorp Marine

Sembcorp Marine Limited SGX: S51 is part of Sembcorp Industries, an Asian company based in Singapore. It is listed on the Singapore Stock Exchange (SGX). The current President and CEO of Sembcorp Marine is Wong Weng Sun.

Sembcorp Marine works in four key areas: Rigs & Floaters, Repairs & Upgrades, Offshore Platforms and Specialised Shipbuilding.

USS Guardian (MCM-5)

USS Guardian (MCM-5) was an Avenger-class mine countermeasures ship of the United States Navy, and was the second Navy ship to bear that name. The hulls of the Avenger-class ships are constructed of wood with an external coat of fiberglass.

Guardian was laid down on 8 May 1985 by Peterson Builders, Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin; launched on 20 June 1987; and commissioned on 16 December 1989. In 2010, she became the first mine countermeasures vessel in the Seventh Fleet modified for a mixed-sex crew, with separate head facilities.

On 17 January 2013, Guardian ran aground on Tubbataha Reef, in a protected area of the Philippines in the middle of the Sulu Sea. The vessel was turned and pushed further onto the reef by wave action. Unable to be recovered, the vessel was decommissioned and struck from the U.S. Naval Vessel Register on 15 February 2013. After removal of fuel and useful equipment, and after the upper superstructure was cut and lifted off of the minehunter, the wooden hull was sequentially chainsawed into four sections and lifted off of the reef by the dynamic positioning crane vessel MV Jascon 25. The bow section was cut and removed by crane on 26 March 2013. It was originally planned to cut the hull into three pieces, but the stern section had to be cut in half again. The last stern section was removed by crane from Tubbataha Reef on 30 March 2013.

Types of cranes
Dry cargo
Tankers
Passenger
Support
Other
Aircraft carriers
Battleships
Cruisers
Escort
Transport
Patrol craft
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Mine warfare
Command and support
Submarines
Miscellaneous
YD Type Cranes

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