Cranbrook, British Columbia

Cranbrook (/ˈkrænbrʊk/ KRAN-bruuk) is a city in southeast British Columbia, Canada, located on the west side of the Kootenay River at its confluence with the St. Mary's River,[3] It is the largest urban centre in the region known as the East Kootenay. As of 2016, Cranbrook's population is 19,259[4] with a census agglomeration population of 26,083. It is the location of the headquarters of the Regional District of East Kootenay and also the location of the regional headquarters of various provincial ministries and agencies, notably the Rocky Mountain Forest District.

Cranbrook is home to the Canadian Museum of Rail Travel which presents static exhibits of passenger rail cars built in the 1920s for the CPR and in the 1900s for the Spokane International Railway. It is also the home of the Kootenay Ice, a WHL hockey team, which has won the league title three times and the Memorial Cup once.

Cranbrook
City of Cranbrook
10th Ave Cranbrook
10th Ave Cranbrook
Flag of Cranbrook

Flag
Motto(s): 
Mountains of Opportunity
Cranbrook is located in British Columbia
Cranbrook
Cranbrook
Location of Cranbrook in British Columbia
Coordinates: 49°30′35″N 115°46′0″W / 49.50972°N 115.76667°WCoordinates: 49°30′35″N 115°46′0″W / 49.50972°N 115.76667°W
Country Canada
Province British Columbia
Regional DistrictEast Kootenay
Established1898
Incorporation1905
Government
 • MayorLee Pratt[1]
 • Governing bodyCranbrook City Council
 • MPWayne Stetski
 • MLATom Shypitka
Area
 • Total31.95 km2 (12.34 sq mi)
 • Agglomeration4,568.03 km2 (1,763.73 sq mi)
Elevation
921 m (3,021 ft)
Population
 • Total19,259
 • Density604.7/km2 (1,566/sq mi)
 • Agglomeration
26,083
 • Demonym
Cranbrookite, Cranbrookian
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain Standard (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (Mountain Daylight (MDT))
Forward sortation area
Area code(s)236, 250, 778
Telephone Exchanges236-363, 250-417, 250-420, 250-421, 250-426, 250-464, 250-489, 250-581, 250-919, 778-261, 778-450, 778-517, 778-520, 778-550, 778-570, 778-687, 778-761, 778-963
NTS Map082G05
GNBC CodeJAIQY
Highways Hwy 3
Hwy 95
Hwy 95A
Hwy 93
WebsiteCity of Cranbrook
City Data[2]
Cranbrook's welcome sign
Cranbrook's welcome sign

History

Originally inhabited by Ktunaxa peoples, the land that Cranbrook now occupies was bought by European settlers, notably Colonel James Baker who named his newly acquired land Cranbrook after his home in Cranbrook, Kent, England.

In 1898, Baker had successfully convinced Canadian Pacific Railway to establish their Crowsnest Pass line through Cranbrook rather than nearby Gold Rush Boom Town Fort Steele. With that accomplishment Cranbrook became the major centre of the region, while Fort Steele declined; however, the latter is today a preserved heritage town.

On November 1, 1905, Cranbrook was incorporated as a city.

Some of the major industries include mining and forestry services, trades, and health care.

Geography

While much of the city is relatively flat, Cranbrook is surrounded by many rising hills where many residential homes are located.[5] Cranbrook faces the Purcell Mountains to the west and the Rocky Mountains to the north and east. There are many lakes in close proximity to Cranbrook. Some of these lakes include Jim Smith Lake, Wasa Lake, Lazy Lake, Moyie Lake, Monroe Lake, Norbury Lake and Elizabeth Lake. Many of these lakes contain opportunities for boating, fishing and camping. There are public recreational beaches and provincial campgrounds.

Climate

Cranbrook features a humid continental climate under the Köppen climate classification. Environment Canada reports Cranbrook as having the most sunshine hours of any BC city at approximately 2190.5 hours annually. It is a fairly dry city throughout the year, and when precipitation does fall a good percentage of it will be in the form of snow. Environment Canada also states that the city experiences some of the lightest wind speeds year-round, has few foggy days, and has among the highest average barometric pressure of any city in Canada.[6] Frost-free days average 110 days, typically occurring between May 26 to September 14. Mean daily temperatures range from −8.3 °C (17.1 °F) to 18.2 °C (64.8 °F). However, temperatures can range from −20 °C (−4.0 °F) in the winter to 35 °C (95.0 °F) in the summer months. Overall, its climate is extremely similar to that of Kelowna, in the nearby Okanagan Valley to the west - especially in regard to precipitation patterns and total monthly accumulation. However, Kelowna is significantly warmer throughout all seasons.

The highest temperature ever recorded in Cranbrook was 40.5 °C (105 °F) on August 10th, 2018.[7] The coldest temperature ever recorded was −41.1 °C (−42 °F) on January 19, 1958.[8]

Demographics

Canada 2016 Census Population % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:[13]
Chinese 180 0.9%
South Asian 155 0.8%
Black 115 0.6%
Filipino 125 0.6%
Latin American 45 0.2%
Southeast Asian 60 0.3%
Arab 25 0.1%
West Asian 20 0.1%
Korean 85 0.4%
Japanese 110 0.6%
Other visible minority 0 0%
Mixed visible minority 70 0.4%
Total visible minority population 1,000 5.1%
Aboriginal group
Source:[14]
First Nations 660 3.4%
Métis 995 5.1%
Inuit 20 0.1%
Total Aboriginal population 1,710 8.7%
European Canadian 16,850 86.1%
Total population 19,560 100%

Education

Schools

Public schools are run by School District 5 Southeast Kootenay, consisting of seven elementary schools and two middle schools that feed into the city's only high school: Mount Baker Secondary School, home to approximately 1,000 students and 90 staff members. Mount Baker is the largest high school in school district five. Prior to 2004, the middle schools were referred to as junior high schools housing grades 8-10 rather than the current 7-9. However, due to declining enrollment, the school district adopted the new system. There is also a local home-school network.

The following 13 schools are located in Cranbrook.

Post-secondary education

Cranbrook is home to the main campus of the College of the Rockies, which has over 2,500 full and part-time students from over 21 countries.[15]

Transportation

Cranbrook is at the junction of major highways 3 and 93/95, and due to its close proximity to the borders of Alberta and the United States, it is an important transportation hub. Cranbrook has a major Canadian Pacific Railway yard, which serves as a key gateway for trains arriving from and departing to the United States.

The McPhee Bridge also known as the St. Mary's Bridge rises high above the St. Mary River and is near the Canadian Rockies International Airport and the Shadow Mountain Golf Community. It supports the thousands of people who travel between Kimberley and Cranbrook on highway 95A.

Approximately 9 km (6 mi) north is the Canadian Rockies International Airport, which has recently completed its 12.5 million dollar expansion including the lengthening of its runway from 6000 to 8000 feet in order to accommodate a limited number of international flights and an expansion to the Terminal for more passengers. The airport is served by Air Canada Jazz to Vancouver and Calgary, Pacific Coastal Airlines to Vancouver and Kelowna. On February 11, 1978, Pacific Western Airlines Flight 314, a Boeing 737-200, nearly impacted a snowplow on the runway at the airport in Cranbrook, then lost control and crashed, killing 42 of the 49 people on board.

Cranbrook has a public transit system operated by BC Transit, which runs buses on eight different lines.[16]

Sports and recreation

BigTreeCranbrook
"Big tree" mountain bike trail in the community forest

Western Financial Place (formerly called the RecPlex) is a pool and hockey arena in Cranbrook that opened in 2000 and is home to the Kootenay Ice.[17] A paved, two-lane 28 km (17 mi) trail exists between Cranbrook and Kimberley, BC.[18] This trail constitutes a section of the Trans-Canada Trail and is known as the Rails to Trails. Canadian Pacific Railway donated the rail right-of-way and the teardown of the railway began by CP Rail in 2009.[19] In addition to this trail, there are 2000 acres of wilderness to explore in the community forest.[20]

Media

Newspapers
Radio stations
Television

Notable people

The following notable people come from or were born in Cranbrook:

Sister cities

Cranbrook is twinned with

References

  1. ^ Meet Our Mayor | City of Cranbrook
  2. ^ "Population, Age characteristics, Dwellings, Houses, Language, Education, Work, Industry, Earnings, Income, Immigration, Citizenship, Labor". www.city-data.com. Retrieved November 16, 2015.
  3. ^ BCGNIS entry "Cranbrook (city)"
  4. ^ http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=POPC&Code1=0210&Geo2=PR&Code2=47&Data=Count&SearchText=Cranbrook&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&TABID=1
  5. ^ City of Cranbrook website.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 11, 2006. Retrieved July 10, 2006.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ a b "Daily Data Report for August 2018 - Climate - Environment and Climate Change Canada". climate.weather.gc.ca. Retrieved 12 August 2018.
  8. ^ "Daily Data Report for January 1958". Environment Canada. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
  9. ^ "Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data". Environment Canada. Retrieved May 27, 2016.
  10. ^ "Cranbrook". Environment Canada. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
  11. ^ "Cranbrook A". Environment Canada. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
  12. ^ "Cranbrook Airport Auto". Environment Canada. Retrieved February 26, 2017.
  13. ^ "Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision". 2.statcan.gc.ca. December 6, 2010. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
  14. ^ "Aboriginal Peoples - Data table". 2.statcan.ca. October 6, 2010. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
  15. ^ College of the Rockies website
  16. ^ Cranbrook Transit System.
  17. ^ "Cranbrook Rec Plex Becomes Western Financial Place", Cranbrook, August 1, 2012.
  18. ^ "The Trail", North Star Rails to Trails.
  19. ^ "History of the Trail", North Star Rails to Trails.
  20. ^ Cranbrook Community Forest Society web
  1. ^ Climate data was recorded at Cranbrook from January 1901 to March 1939 and at Cranbrook Airport from February 1938 to present.

External links

1974 Allan Cup

The 1974 Allan Cup was the Canadian national senior ice hockey championship for the 1973-74 Senior "A" season. The event was hosted by the Cranbrook Royals and Cranbrook, British Columbia. The 1974 playoff marked the 66th time that the Allan Cup has been awarded.

1982 Allan Cup

The 1982 Allan Cup was the Canadian national senior ice hockey championship for the 1981-82 Senior "A" season. The event was hosted by the Cranbrook Royals in Cranbrook, British Columbia. The 1982 playoff marked the 74th time that the Allan Cup has been awarded.

Archibald MacKinnon

Archibald MacKinnon (born January 13, 1937 in Cranbrook, British Columbia) is a Canadian competition rower and Olympic champion.

He received a gold medal in coxless fours at the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, together with Lorne Loomer, Walter D'Hondt and Donald Arnold.At the 1958 British Empire and Commonwealth Games, MacKinnon received a gold medal in eights. He received a silver medal in eights at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, as a member of the Canadian team.

Ben Rutledge

Ben Rutledge (born November 9, 1980 in Cranbrook, British Columbia) was a Canadian Olympic rower and is currently a Mortgage Broker.

In Seville, Spain 2002 he was a member of the first ever Canadian Men's 8+ crew to win a Gold Medal at a World Championship regatta. He accomplished this task two more times in 2003 and 2007 in Milan, Italy, and Munich, Germany.

His Olympic results include a disappointing fifth-place finish in the men's 8+ at the 2004 Athens Olympics. However, after a hard-fought 4-year comeback, Ben and his teammates Andrew Byrnes, Kyle Hamilton, Malcolm Howard, Adam Kreek, Kevin Light, Dominic Sieterle, Jake Wetzel and cox Brian Price won a gold medal at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, China.In 2006 he was the recipient of the Bobby Gaul Memorial Trophy an award presented by the University of British Columbia to the graduating male athlete who best combines the qualities of leadership and sportsmanship.

In 2006 he combined with former Canadian National Team rower Robert Weitemeyer as well as varsity athletes Stephane Gervais, Robert Miller and Kevin Johns to capture the overall Men's Championship for Storm the Wall, a relay race held annually at the University of British Columbia, widely considered as the largest intramural event in North America.

Brent Carver

Brent Carver (born November 17, 1951) is Canadian actor best known for his performances on Broadway in Parade as Leo Frank and Kiss of the Spider Woman as Molina, for which he won the Tony Award for Best Leading Actor in a Musical in 1993.

CFSM-FM

CFSM-FM, branded as Summit 107, is a Canadian radio station, launched on Friday, September 11, 2015 at 1:07 p.m.. Owned by Clear Sky Radio, the station broadcasts an adult contemporary format in the Kootenay region of British Columbia from studios in Cranbrook.The station was approved by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission on July 29, 2014.

CHBZ-FM

CHBZ-FM is a Canadian radio station that broadcasts a country music format at 104.7 FM in Cranbrook, British Columbia. The station is branded as B104 and is owned by the Jim Pattison Group.

The station originally began broadcasting in 1995 as CKKR until it was changed to the current callsign in 2000 as CHBZ. In 2004, CHBZ was given approval by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) to add a transmitter at 92.7 FM in Fernie.

CHDR-FM

CHDR-FM is a Canadian radio station in Cranbrook, British Columbia that broadcasts an active rock format at 102.9 FM branded as 102.9 The Drive FM. The station is owned by the Jim Pattison Group.

Cranbrook Colts

The Cranbrook Colts were a Junior "B" and a Junior "A" team in Cranbrook, British Columbia. They were formed in 1971 as a Junior "B" team in the Kootenay International Junior Hockey League. They were immediately successful, winning the league title in their first four years. The Colts jumped to the Junior "A" Rocky Mountain Junior Hockey League in 1991, winning three league titles in their seven years in the league.

The Colts folded in 1998 because of the forming of the Kootenay Ice in Cranbrook, British Columbia, a major junior team in the Western Hockey League.

Cranbrook Daily Townsman

The Cranbrook Daily Townsman is the local daily newspaper of Cranbrook, British Columbia, Canada. It is owned by Victoria-based Black Press, the largest publisher of weekly newspapers in British Columbia.

The Daily Townsman is the paper of record for Cranbrook and publishes Mondays through Fridays. On Wednesdays, its distribution includes several outlying communities in the Columbia Valley. Originally a weekly newspaper, it has published daily since 1946.Don Kendall, a former executive at Black Press, purchased the Daily Townsman and Kimberly Daily Bulletin in July 2010, as part of a larger deal that saw Glacier Media sell several of its British Columbia papers to Black. At the time, Kendall said Black "wasn't as interested in some titles – Cranbrook, Kimberley, Nelson, and Prince Rupert – but Glacier was only selling the papers as a block."Black did purchase the Nelson Daily News and Prince Rupert Daily News in 2010, and ended up closing them days later. It already owned competing weeklies in both Nelson and Prince Rupert.Although it also owns a competing weekly in Cranbrook, the Kootenay Advertiser, Black purchased the Daily Townsman and Daily Bulletin from Kendall a year later, promising that both the weekly and the dailies "will continue to run under their current business plan and we anticipate few changes."All of Black's community newspapers in the East Kootenay region are printed on the Daily Townsman's presses.

James Heilman

James M. Heilman (born 1979/1980) is a Canadian emergency physician, Wikipedian, and advocate for the improvement of Wikipedia's health-related content. He encourages other clinicians to contribute to the online encyclopedia.With the Wikipedia username Doc James, Heilman is an active contributor to WikiProject Medicine, and a volunteer Wikipedia administrator. He was the president of Wikimedia Canada between 2010 and 2013, and founded and was formerly the president of Wiki Project Med Foundation. He is also the founder of WikiProject Medicine's Medicine Translation Task Force. In June 2015, he was elected to the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees, a position which he held until he was removed on December 28, 2015. Heilman was re-elected to the Wikimedia Foundation Board of Trustees in May 2017.Heilman is a clinical assistant professor at the department of emergency medicine at the University of British Columbia, and the head of the department of emergency medicine at East Kootenay Regional Hospital in Cranbrook, British Columbia, where he lives.

Jon Klemm

Jonathan Darryl Klemm (born January 8, 1970) is a Canadian retired professional ice hockey defenceman who played in the National Hockey League. As of 2018, he is an the associate coach for the Kootenay Ice, a Western Hockey League team, based from Cranbrook, British Columbia.

Juggernaut (wrestler)

Craig Renney (born December 9, 1975) is a Canadian professional wrestler best known by his ring name, Juggernaut. He has competed for several North American independent promotions and has competed in several wrestling tours in Asia. He also had a brief stint in World Championship Wrestling (WCW) in 2000.

Juggernaut is known both for his brawling and aerial abilities as well as his martial arts skills. He has competed against some of the most famous wrestlers in the business. His greatest success came in Extreme Canadian Championship Wrestling (ECCW), where he had a long rivalry with Kurrgan and won the NWA/ECCW Heavyweight Championship on six occasions. Juggernaut announced his retirement in 2007, as he wanted to quit wrestling while he was still healthy.

Kate Pullinger

Kate Pullinger is a Canadian novelist and author of digital fiction, lecturing at De Montfort University, England. She was born 1961 in Cranbrook, British Columbia, Canada, and went to high school on Vancouver Island. She dropped out of McGill University, Montreal, after a year and a half and subsequently worked for a year in a copper mine in the Yukon. She then travelled and settled in London, where she now resides.

Kootenay Ice

The Kootenay Ice were a major junior ice hockey team based in Cranbrook, British Columbia, and competed in the Western Hockey League (WHL). The team played its home games at Western Financial Place. The franchise, previously owned by the Chynoweth family since 1995, transferred ownership on April 27, 2017, to Winnipeg-based company 50 Below Sports and Entertainment. led by entrepreneur Greg Fettes. In the 2019–20 season, the Ice will move to Winnipeg as the Winnipeg Ice.

Lillix

Lillix () was a pop/rock band from Cranbrook, British Columbia, Canada, formed under the name Tigerlily in 1997 when the early members were in high school. The band was originally an all-girls band composed of guitarist Tasha-Ray Evin, keyboardist Lacey-Lee Evin, bassist Louise Burns, and drummer Sierra Hills. In 2001 the band was signed by Maverick Records and changed their name to Lillix as there was another band called Tigerlily. Hills left in 2002 and was replaced by Kim Urhahn, and later by Alicia Warrington. The Evin sisters announced that as of late 2006 the band was considered on hiatus due to the folding of their label, Maverick. The band announced its return in 2009, and released their third album Tigerlily independently in Canada on 24 August 2010. Sales of the album were poor and band activity ceased shortly thereafter.

Ray Allison

Raymond Peter Allison (born March 4, 1959) is a Canadian retired professional ice hockey forward who played seven seasons in the National Hockey League for the Hartford Whalers and Philadelphia Flyers. Allison was born in Cranbrook, British Columbia, but grew up in Brandon, Manitoba.

School District 5 Southeast Kootenay

School District 5 Southeast Kootenay is a school district in British Columbia. It covers the southeast corner of the province up to the Alberta and Montana borders. This includes the major centres of Cranbrook, Fernie, Elkford, and Sparwood.

Tom Shypitka

Thomas Glenn (Tom) Shypitka is a Canadian politician, who was elected to the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia in the 2017 provincial election. He represents the electoral district of Kootenay East as a member of the British Columbia Liberal Party caucus.Shypitka is also an accomplished curler, having represented British Columbia at the 1991 Labatt Brier and 2010 Tim Hortons Brier.

Climate data for Cranbrook International Airport, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1901–present[a]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.9
(57.0)
13.5
(56.3)
22.4
(72.3)
30.6
(87.1)
34.2
(93.6)
37.4
(99.3)
38.9
(102.0)
40.5
(104.9)
33.9
(93.0)
29.4
(84.9)
19.5
(67.1)
13.3
(55.9)
40.5
(104.9)
Average high °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
1.9
(35.4)
7.5
(45.5)
12.9
(55.2)
17.9
(64.2)
21.6
(70.9)
26.2
(79.2)
26.0
(78.8)
19.9
(67.8)
11.7
(53.1)
2.7
(36.9)
−3.4
(25.9)
11.9
(53.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −6.1
(21.0)
−3.2
(26.2)
2.0
(35.6)
6.6
(43.9)
11.3
(52.3)
15.0
(59.0)
18.7
(65.7)
18.2
(64.8)
12.6
(54.7)
5.7
(42.3)
−1.3
(29.7)
−7.2
(19.0)
6.0
(42.8)
Average low °C (°F) −10.2
(13.6)
−8.3
(17.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
0.3
(32.5)
4.7
(40.5)
8.4
(47.1)
11.2
(52.2)
10.3
(50.5)
5.3
(41.5)
−0.3
(31.5)
−5.2
(22.6)
−11.0
(12.2)
0.1
(32.2)
Record low °C (°F) −41.1
(−42.0)
−37.2
(−35.0)
−30.0
(−22.0)
−17.2
(1.0)
−12.2
(10.0)
−4.4
(24.1)
−1.7
(28.9)
−5.0
(23.0)
−12.2
(10.0)
−29.4
(−20.9)
−31.8
(−25.2)
−40.0
(−40.0)
−41.1
(−42.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 25.5
(1.00)
18.9
(0.74)
22.2
(0.87)
24.6
(0.97)
46.1
(1.81)
62.2
(2.45)
38.3
(1.51)
28.0
(1.10)
31.3
(1.23)
20.1
(0.79)
35.3
(1.39)
32.7
(1.29)
385.3
(15.17)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 4.5
(0.18)
4.2
(0.17)
10.8
(0.43)
19.9
(0.78)
44.1
(1.74)
62.1
(2.44)
38.3
(1.51)
28.0
(1.10)
30.8
(1.21)
16.5
(0.65)
14.5
(0.57)
5.8
(0.23)
279.5
(11.00)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 25.3
(10.0)
18.2
(7.2)
12.5
(4.9)
5.4
(2.1)
1.5
(0.6)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.6
(0.2)
3.8
(1.5)
23.7
(9.3)
34.4
(13.5)
125.3
(49.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 11.1 8.5 9.2 8.8 11.6 13.6 9.2 8.4 8.4 8.2 11.8 12.8 121.5
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 2.8 2.5 5.4 7.3 11.4 13.6 9.2 8.4 8.4 7.4 5.7 2.3 84.2
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 10.4 7.2 5.6 2.7 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.2 7.6 12.2 47.8
Average relative humidity (%) (at {{{time day}}}) 70.6 58.7 47.7 40.9 41.0 42.2 35.7 35.6 41.3 49.7 67.1 73.4 50.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 63.5 106.9 163.2 215.0 256.7 267.8 315.1 302.7 218.2 159.5 69.8 51.9 2,190.5
Percent possible sunshine 23.7 37.5 44.4 52.2 54.0 55.0 64.2 67.7 57.5 47.6 25.5 20.4 45.8
Source: Environment Canada[7][9][10][11][12]
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