In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.
Most counties have subdivisions which may include municipalities and unincorporated areas. Others have no further divisions, or may serve as a consolidated city-county. Some municipalities are in multiple counties; New York City is uniquely partitioned into five counties, referred to at the city government level as boroughs.
The United States Census Bureau uses the term "county equivalent" to describe places that are comparable to counties, but called by different names. Louisiana parishes; the organized boroughs of Alaska; the District of Columbia; and the independent cities of the states of Virginia, Maryland, Missouri, and Nevada are equivalent to counties for administrative purposes. Alaska's Unorganized Borough is divided into 10 census areas that are statistically equivalent to counties. As of 2018, there are currently 3,142 counties and county-equivalents in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. If the 100 county equivalents in the U.S. territories are counted, then the total is 3,242 counties and county-equivalents in the United States.[b]
The specific governmental powers of counties vary widely between the states. Counties have significant functions in all states except Rhode Island and Connecticut, where county governments have been abolished but the entities remain for administrative or statistical purposes. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts has removed most government functions from eight of its 14 counties.
The county with the largest population, Los Angeles County (10,170,292), and the county with the largest land area, San Bernardino County, border each other in Southern California (however four boroughs in Alaska are larger in area than San Bernardino).
Territories of the United States do not have counties (except for American Samoa, which does have them); instead, the United States Census Bureau divides them into county equivalents. While America Samoa does have its own counties, the U.S. Census Bureau counts American Samoa's districts and atolls as county-equivalents.
|Also known as:|
|Category||Second-level administrative division|
|Location||States, federal district and territories of the United States of America|
|Number||3,242 (including 135 county equivalents in the 50 states and the District of Columbia, and the 100 county equivalents in the U.S. territories)|
|Populations||Greatest: Los Angeles County, California—10,170,292 (2015)|
Least: Kalawao County, Hawaii—89 (2015)
8 entities[a] (county equivalents)—0 (2018)
Average: 103,554 (2017)
|Areas||Largest: San Bernardino County, California—20,057 sq mi (51,950 km2)|
Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska (county equivalent)—145,505 sq mi (376,860 km2)
Smallest: Kalawao County, Hawaii—12 sq mi (31 km2)
Independent City of Falls Church, Virginia (county equivalent)—2 sq mi (5.2 km2)
Smallest (including territories): Kingman Reef (county equivalent)—0.01 sq mi (0.026 km2)
Average: 1,208 sq mi (3,130 km2)
|Government||County commission, Board of Supervisors (AZ, CA, IA, MS, VA, WI) County council (WA), Commissioners' Court (TX), Board of chosen freeholders (NJ), Fiscal Court (KY), Police Jury (LA)|
County executive, County mayor, County judge, County manager, Sole commissioner
Counties were among the earliest units of local government established in the Thirteen Colonies that would become the United States. Virginia created the first counties in order to ease the administrative workload in Jamestown. The House of Burgesses divided the colony first into four "incorporations" in 1617 and finally into eight shires (or counties) in 1634: James City, Henrico, Charles City, Charles River, Warrosquyoake, Accomac, Elizabeth City, and Warwick River. America's oldest intact county court records can be found at Eastville, Virginia, in Northampton (originally Accomac) County, dating to 1632. Maryland established its first county, St. Mary's, in 1637, and Massachusetts followed in 1643. Pennsylvania and New York delegated significant power and responsibility from state government to county governments and thereby established a pattern for most of the United States, although counties remained relatively weak in New England.
When independence came, "the framers of the Constitution did not provide for local governments. Rather, they left the matter to the states. Subsequently, early state constitutions generally conceptualized county government as an arm of the state." In the twentieth century, the role of local governments strengthened and counties began providing more services, acquiring home rule and county commissions to pass local ordinances pertaining to their unincorporated areas.
In some states, these powers are partly or mostly devolved to the counties' smaller divisions usually called townships, though in New York, New England and Wisconsin they are called "towns". The county may or may not be able to override its townships on certain matters, depending on the state constitution.
The newest county in the United States is the city and county of Broomfield, Colorado, established in 2001 as a consolidated city-county. The newest county-equivalents are the Alaskan boroughs of Skagway established in 2007, Wrangell established in 2008, and Petersburg established in 2013.
A consolidated city-county is simultaneously a city, which is a municipality (municipal corporation), and a county, which is an administrative division of a state, having the powers and responsibilities of both types of entities. There are 40 consolidated city-counties in the U.S., including Augusta, Georgia; Denver, Colorado; Indianapolis, Indiana; Jacksonville, Florida; Louisville, Kentucky; Lexington, Kentucky; Kansas City, Kansas, Nashville, Tennessee; New Orleans, Louisiana; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and San Francisco, California.
Similarly, some of Alaska's boroughs have merged with their principal cities creating unified city-boroughs. Some such consolidations and mergers have created cities that rank among the geographically largest cities in the world, though often with population densities far below those of most urban areas.
The term county equivalents is used to describe divisions whose organization differs from that of most counties:
Consolidated city-counties are not designated county-equivalents for administrative purposes; since both the city and the county at least nominally exist, they are properly classified as counties in their own right. The same is true of the boroughs of New York City, each of which is coextensive with a county of New York State.
There are no counties per se in U.S. territories. American Samoa has its own counties, but the U.S. Census Bureau does not count them as counties (instead, the U.S. Census Bureau counts American Samoa's 3 districts and 2 atolls as county equivalents). American Samoa's counties are treated as minor civil divisions. Most territories are directly divided into municipalities or similar units, which are treated as equivalent of counties for statistical purposes:
The U.S. Census Bureau counts all of Guam as one county-equivalent (with the FIPS code 66010), while the USGS counts Guam's election districts (villages) as county-equivalents. The U.S. Census Bureau counts the 3 main islands in the U.S. Virgin Islands as county-equivalents, while the USGS counts the districts of the U.S. Virgin Islands (of which there are 2) as county-equivalents.
The site of a county's administration, and often the county courthouse, is called the county seat ("parish seat" in Louisiana, or "borough seat" in Alaska). Several New England counties use the term "shire town" for the county seat.
Many counties are divided into smaller political or governmental units. In Northeastern and Midwestern states, counties are divided into civil townships (or "towns" in New England, New York, and Wisconsin), which may provide governmental or public services.
Common sources of county names are names of people, geographic features, places in other states or countries, Native American tribes, and animals. Quite a few counties bear names of French or Spanish origin.
Counties are most often named for people, often political figures or early settlers, with over 2,100 of the 3,144 total so named. The most common county name, with 31, is Washington County, for America's first president, George Washington. Up until 1871, there was a Washington County within the District of Columbia, but it was dissolved by the District of Columbia Organic Act. Jefferson County, for Thomas Jefferson, is next with 26. The most recent president to have a county named for him was Warren G. Harding, reflecting the slowing rate of county creation since New Mexico and Arizona became states in 1912. The most common names for counties not named after a president are Franklin (25), Clay (18), and Montgomery (18).
After people, the next most common source of county names are geographic features and locations, with some counties even being named after counties in other states, or for places in countries such as the United Kingdom. The most common geographic county name is Lake. Native American tribes and animals lend their names to some counties. Quite a few counties bear names of French or Spanish origin, including Marquette County being named after French missionary Father Jacques Marquette.
The county's equivalent in the state of Louisiana, the parish (Fr. paroisse civile and Sp. parroquia) took its name during the state's French and Spanish colonial periods. Before the Louisiana Purchase and granting of statehood, government was often administered in towns where major church parishes were located. Of the original 19 civil parishes of Louisiana that date from statehood in 1807, nine were named after the Roman Catholic parishes from which they were governed.
The powers of counties arise from state law and vary widely. In Connecticut and Rhode Island, counties are geographic entities, but not governmental jurisdictions. At the other extreme, Maryland counties and the county-equivalent City of Baltimore handle almost all services, including public education, although the state retains an active oversight authority with many of these services.
In most Midwestern and Northeastern states, counties are further subdivided into townships or towns, which sometimes exercise local powers or administration. Throughout the United States, counties may contain other independent, self-governing municipalities.
Counties are usually governed by an elected body, variously called the county commission, board of supervisors, commissioners' court, county council, board of chosen freeholders, county court, or county Legislature. In some counties, there is a county executive. In cases in which a consolidated city-county or independent city exists, a City Council usually governs city/county or city affairs.
In many states, the board in charge of a county holds powers that transcend all three traditional branches of government. It has the legislative power to enact ordinances for the county; it has the executive power to oversee the executive operations of county government; and it has quasi-judicial power with regard to certain limited matters (such as hearing appeals from the planning commission if one exists).
The day-to-day operations of the county government are sometimes overseen by an elected county executive or by a chief administrative officer or county administrator who reports to the board, the mayor, or both.
In many states, several important officials are elected separately from the board of commissioners or supervisors and cannot be fired by the board. These positions may include county clerk, county treasurer, county surrogate, sheriff, and others.
District attorneys or state attorneys are usually state-level as opposed to county-level officials, but in many states, counties and state judicial districts have coterminous boundaries.
The structure and powers of a county government may be defined by the general law of the state or by a charter specific to that county. States may allow only general-law counties, only charter counties, or both. Generally, general-law local governments have less autonomy than chartered local governments.
The power of county governments varies widely from state to state, as does the relationship between counties and incorporated cities. The government of the county usually resides in a municipality called the county seat. However, some counties may have multiple seats or no seat. In some counties with no incorporated municipalities, a large settlement may serve as the county seat.
In New England, counties function at most as judicial court districts and sheriff's departments (presently, in Connecticut only as judicial court districts—and in Rhode Island, they have lost both those functions and all others), and most of the governmental authority below the state level is in the hands of towns and cities. In several of Maine's sparsely populated counties, small towns rely on the county for law enforcement, and in New Hampshire several social programs are administered at the state level. In Connecticut, Rhode Island, and parts of Massachusetts, counties are now only geographic designations, and they do not have any governmental powers. All government is either done at the state level or at the municipal level. In Connecticut and parts of Massachusetts, regional councils have been established to partially fill the void left behind by the abolished county governments.[e] The regional councils' authority is limited compared with a county government—they have authority only over infrastructure and land use planning, distribution of state and federal funds for infrastructure projects, emergency preparedness, and limited law enforcement duties.
In the Mid-Atlantic and Midwest, counties typically provide, at a minimum, courts, public utilities, libraries, hospitals, public health services, parks, roads, law enforcement, and jails. There is usually a county registrar, recorder, or clerk (the exact title varies) who collects vital statistics, holds elections (sometimes in coordination with a separate elections office or commission), and prepares or processes certificates of births, deaths, marriages, and dissolutions (divorce decrees). The county recorder normally maintains the official record of all real estate transactions. Other key county officials include the coroner/medical examiner, treasurer, assessor, auditor, comptroller, and district attorney.
In most states, the county sheriff is the chief law enforcement officer in the county. However, except in major emergencies where clear chains of command are essential, the county sheriff normally does not directly control the police departments of city governments, but merely cooperates with them (e.g., under mutual aid pacts). Thus, the most common interaction between county and city law enforcement personnel is when city police officers deliver suspects to sheriff's deputies for detention or incarceration in the county jail.
In most states, the state courts and local law enforcement are organized and implemented along county boundaries, but nearly all of the substantive and procedural law adjudicated in state trial courts originates from the state legislature and state appellate courts. In other words, most criminal defendants are prosecuted for violations of state law, not local ordinances, and if they, the district attorney, or police seek reforms to the criminal justice system, they will usually have to direct their efforts towards the state legislature rather than the county (which merely implements state law). A typical criminal defendant will be arraigned and subsequently indicted or held over for trial before a trial court in and for a particular county where the crime occurred, kept in the county jail (if he is not granted bail or cannot make bail), prosecuted by the county's district attorney, and tried before a jury selected from that county. But long-term incarceration is rarely a county responsibility, execution of capital punishment is never a county responsibility, and the state's responses to prisoners' appeals is the responsibility of the state attorney general, who has to defend before the state appellate courts the prosecutions conducted by locally elected district attorneys in the name of the state. Furthermore, county-level trial court judges are officers of the judicial branch of the state government rather than county governments.
In many states, the county controls all unincorporated lands within its boundaries. In states with a township tier, unincorporated land is controlled by the townships. Residents of unincorporated land who are dissatisfied with county-level or township-level resource allocation decisions can attempt to vote to incorporate as a city, town, or village.
A few counties directly provide public transportation themselves, usually in the form of a simple bus system. However, in most counties, public transportation is provided by one of the following: a special-purpose district that is coterminous with the county (but exists separately from the county government), a multi-county regional transit authority, or a state agency.
In western and southern states, more populated counties provide many facilities, such as airports, convention centers, museums, recreation centers, beaches, harbors, zoos, clinics, law libraries, and public housing. They provide services such as child and family services, elder services, mental health services, welfare services, veterans assistance services, animal control, probation supervision, historic preservation, food safety regulation, and environmental health services. They have many additional officials like public defenders, arts commissioners, human rights commissioners, and planning commissioners. Finally, there may also be a county fire department and even a county police department (as distinguished from fire and police departments operated by individual cities, special districts, or the state government). For example, Gwinnett County, Georgia, and its county seat, the city of Lawrenceville, each have their own police departments. (A separate county sheriff's department is responsible for security of the county courts and administration of the county jail.) In several southern states, public school systems are organized and administered at the county level.
As of 2016, there were 3,007 counties, 64 parishes, 19 organized boroughs, 10 census areas, 41 independent cities,[f] and the District of Columbia for a total of 3,142 counties and county-equivalents in the 50 states and District of Columbia. There are an additional 100 county equivalents in the territories of the United States. The average number of counties per state is 62, with a range from the three counties of Delaware to the 254 counties of Texas.
Southern and Midwestern states generally tend to have more counties than Western or Northeastern states, as many Northeastern states are not large enough in area to warrant a large number of counties, and many Western states were sparsely populated when counties were created. The five counties of Rhode Island, the eight counties of Connecticut, and eight of the 14 counties of Massachusetts no longer have functional county governments, but continue to exist as legal and census entities.
|State, federal district
|2016 population||Land area||Counties||Equivalents||Total||Population||Land area|
|Alabama||4,863,300||50,645 sq mi
|67||—||67||72,587||756 sq mi|
|Alaska[g]||741,894||570,641 sq mi
|—||29||29||25,582||19,677 sq mi|
|Arizona||6,931,071||113,594 sq mi
|15||—||15||462,071||7,573 sq mi|
|Arkansas||2,988,248||52,035 sq mi
|75||—||75||39,843||694 sq mi|
|California||39,250,017||155,779 sq mi
|58||—||58||676,724||2,686 sq mi|
|Colorado||5,540,545||103,642 sq mi
|64||—||64||86,571||1,619 sq mi|
|Connecticut||3,576,452||4,842 sq mi
|8||—||8||447,057||605 sq mi|
|Delaware||952,065||1,949 sq mi
|3||—||3||317,355||650 sq mi|
|District of Columbia[h]||681,170||61 sq mi
|—||1||1||681,170||61 sq mi|
|Florida||20,612,439||53,625 sq mi
|67||—||67||307,648||800 sq mi|
|Georgia||10,310,371||57,513 sq mi
|159||—||159||64,845||362 sq mi|
|Hawaii||1,428,557||6,423 sq mi
|5||—||5||285,711||1,285 sq mi|
|Idaho||1,683,140||82,643 sq mi
|44||—||44||38,253||1,878 sq mi|
|Illinois||12,801,539||55,519 sq mi
|102||—||102||125,505||544 sq mi|
|Indiana||6,633,053||35,826 sq mi
|92||—||92||72,098||389 sq mi|
|Iowa||3,134,693||55,857 sq mi
|99||—||99||31,664||564 sq mi|
|Kansas||2,907,289||81,759 sq mi
|105||—||105||27,688||779 sq mi|
|Kentucky||4,436,974||39,486 sq mi
|120||—||120||36,975||329 sq mi|
|Louisiana[i]||4,681,666||43,204 sq mi
|—||64||64||73,151||675 sq mi|
|Maine||1,331,479||30,843 sq mi
|16||—||16||83,217||1,928 sq mi|
|Maryland[j]||6,016,447||9,707 sq mi
|23||1||24||250,685||404 sq mi|
|Massachusetts||6,811,779||7,800 sq mi
|14||—||14||486,556||557 sq mi|
|Michigan||9,928,300||56,539 sq mi
|83||—||83||119,618||681 sq mi|
|Minnesota||5,519,952||79,627 sq mi
|87||—||87||63,448||915 sq mi|
|Mississippi||2,988,726||46,923 sq mi
|82||—||82||36,448||572 sq mi|
|Missouri[k]||6,093,000||68,742 sq mi
|114||1||115||52,983||598 sq mi|
|Montana||1,042,520||145,546 sq mi
|56||—||56||18,616||2,599 sq mi|
|Nebraska||1,907,116||76,824 sq mi
|93||—||93||20,507||826 sq mi|
|Nevada[l]||2,940,058||109,781 sq mi
|16||1||17||172,945||6,458 sq mi|
|New Hampshire||1,334,795||8,953 sq mi
|10||—||10||133,480||895 sq mi|
|New Jersey||8,944,469||7,354 sq mi
|21||—||21||425,927||350 sq mi|
|New Mexico||2,081,015||121,298 sq mi
|33||—||33||63,061||3,676 sq mi|
|New York||19,745,289||47,126 sq mi
|62||—||62||318,472||760 sq mi|
|North Carolina||10,146,788||48,618 sq mi
|100||—||100||101,468||486 sq mi|
|North Dakota||757,952||69,001 sq mi
|53||—||53||14,301||1,302 sq mi|
|Ohio||11,614,373||40,861 sq mi
|88||—||88||131,982||464 sq mi|
|Oklahoma||3,923,561||68,595 sq mi
|77||—||77||50,955||891 sq mi|
|Oregon||4,093,465||95,988 sq mi
|36||—||36||113,707||2,666 sq mi|
|Pennsylvania||12,784,227||44,743 sq mi
|67||—||67||190,809||668 sq mi|
|Rhode Island||1,056,426||1,034 sq mi
|5||—||5||211,285||207 sq mi|
|South Carolina||4,961,119||30,061 sq mi
|46||—||46||107,850||653 sq mi|
|South Dakota||865,454||75,811 sq mi
|66||—||66||13,113||1,149 sq mi|
|Tennessee||6,651,194||41,235 sq mi
|95||—||95||70,013||434 sq mi|
|Texas||27,862,596||261,232 sq mi
|254||—||254||109,695||1,028 sq mi|
|Utah||3,051,217||82,170 sq mi
|29||—||29||105,214||2,833 sq mi|
|Vermont||624,594||9,217 sq mi
|14||—||14||44,614||658 sq mi|
|Virginia[m]||8,411,808||39,490 sq mi
|95||38||133||63,247||295 sq mi|
|Washington||7,288,000||66,456 sq mi
|39||—||39||186,872||1,704 sq mi|
|West Virginia||1,831,102||24,038 sq mi
|55||—||55||33,293||437 sq mi|
|Wisconsin||5,778,708||54,158 sq mi
|72||—||72||80,260||752 sq mi|
|Wyoming||585,501||97,093 sq mi
|23||—||23||25,457||4,221 sq mi|
(50 states and the District of Columbia)
|323,127,513||3,531,905 sq mi
|3,007||135||3,142||102,841||1,124 sq mi|
|American Samoa[n]||51,504||77 sq mi
|—||5||5||11,104||15 sq mi|
|Guam[o]||162,742||210 sq mi
|—||1||1||162,742||210 sq mi|
|Northern Mariana Islands[p]||52,263||179 sq mi
|—||4||4||13,066||45 sq mi|
|Puerto Rico[q]||3,337,177||3,515 sq mi
|—||78||78||42,784||45 sq mi|
|U.S. Minor Outlying Islands[r][s]||160||13 sq mi
|—||9||9||18||1 sq mi|
|U.S. Virgin Islands[t]||104,901||134 sq mi
|—||3||3||34,967||45 sq mi|
(50 states, the District of Columbia, and territories)
|326,836,260||3,535,948 sq mi
|3,007||235||3,242||100,813||1,091 sq mi|
The average U.S. county population was nearly 100,000 in 2015. The most populous county is Los Angeles County, California, with 10,170,292 residents in 2015. This number is greater than the populations of 41 U.S. states, and even about 900,000 larger than the population of the 10 lowest population counties combined. It also makes Los Angeles County 17.4 times as large as the least populous state, Wyoming.
The second most populous county is Cook County, Illinois, with a population of 5,238,216. Cook County's population is larger than that of 28 individual U.S. states and the combined populations of the six smallest states.
The least populous county is Kalawao County, Hawaii, with 89 residents in 2015. 8 county-equivalents in the U.S. territories have a population of 0: Rose Atoll, Northern Islands Municipality, Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, and Navassa Island. The remaining 3 islands in the U.S. Minor Outlying Islands have small non-permanent human populations. The least populous county-equivalent with a permanent human population is Swains Island, American Samoa (17 residents).
The most densely populated county or county-equivalent is New York County, New York (coextensive with the New York City Borough of Manhattan), with 72,033 persons per square mile (27,812/km2) in 2015. The Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska, is both the most extensive and the least densely populated county or county-equivalent with 0.0380 persons per square mile (0.0147/km2) in 2015.
In the 50 states (plus District of Columbia), a total of 981 counties have a population over 50,000; 592 counties have a population over 100,000; 137 counties have a population over 500,000; 45 counties have a population over 1,000,000; and 14 counties have a population over 2,000,000. At the other extreme, 35 counties have a population under 1,000; 307 counties have a population under 5,000; 709 counties have a population under 10,000; and 1,492 counties have a population between 10,000 and 50,000.
At the 2000 U.S. Census, the median land area of U.S. counties was 622 sq mi (1,610 km2), which is two-thirds of the median land area of a ceremonial county of England, and a little more than a quarter of the median land area of a French département. Counties in the western United States typically have a much larger land area than those in the eastern United States. For example, the median land area of counties in Georgia is 343 sq mi (890 km2), whereas in Utah it is 2,427 sq mi (6,290 km2).
The most extensive county or county-equivalent is the Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska, with a land area of 145,505 square miles (376,856 km2). All nine of the most extensive county-equivalents are in Alaska. The most extensive county is San Bernardino County, California, with a land area of 20,057 square miles (51,947 km2). The least extensive county is Kalawao County, Hawaii, with a land area of 11.991 square miles (31.058 km2). The least extensive county-equivalent in the 50 states is the independent City of Falls Church, Virginia, with a land area of 1.999 square miles (5.177 km2). If U.S. territories are included, the least extensive county-equivalent is Kingman Reef, with a land area of 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2).
In some states, a municipality may be in only one county and may not annex territory in adjacent counties, but in the majority of states, the state constitution or state law allows municipalities to extend across county boundaries. At least 32 states include municipalities in multiple counties. Dallas and Oklahoma City, for example, both contain portions of five counties. New York City is an unusual case because it encompasses multiple entire counties in one city. Each of those counties is coextensive with one of the five boroughs of the city: Manhattan (New York County), The Bronx (Bronx County), Queens (Queens County), Brooklyn (Kings County), and Staten Island (Richmond County).
There are no county seats in Connecticut. County government was abolished effective October 1, 1960; counties function only as geographical subdivisions.
Rhode Island has no county government. It is divided into 39 municipalities each having its own form of local government.
Albemarle County is a county located in the Piedmont region of the Commonwealth of Virginia. Its county seat is Charlottesville, which is an independent city and enclave entirely surrounded by the county. Albemarle County is part of the Charlottesville Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the population of Albemarle County was 98,970, more than triple the 1960 census count.
Albemarle County was created in 1744 from the western portion of Goochland County, though portions of Albemarle were later carved out to create other counties. Albemarle County was named in honor of Willem Anne van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle. However, its most famous inhabitant was Thomas Jefferson, who built his estate home, Monticello, in the county.Alverno, Wisconsin
Alverno is an unincorporated community located in the town of Manitowoc Rapids, Manitowoc County, United States.Augusta County, Virginia
Augusta County is a county located in the Shenandoah Valley on the western edge of the U.S. commonwealth of Virginia. It is the second-largest county in Virginia by total area, and it completely surrounds the independent cities of Staunton and Waynesboro. The county seat of Augusta is Staunton, although most of the administrative services have offices in neighboring Verona.
The county was created in 1738 from part of Orange County, and was named after Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha. It was originally a huge area, but many parts of Augusta County were carved out to form other counties and several states, until the current border was finalized in 1790.
As of the 2010 census, the county population was 73,750, which represented an increase of more than 34 percent over the 1990 figure. Along with Staunton and Waynesboro, it forms the Staunton–Waynesboro, VA Metropolitan Statistical Area.Brenham, Texas
Brenham is a city in east-central Texas in Washington County, United States, with a population of 15,716 according to the 2010 U.S. census. It is the county seat of Washington County. Brenham is south of College Station, and about halfway between Houston and Austin approximately 70 miles (110 km) northwest of Houston, and about 90 miles (140 km) east of Austin.
Brenham is renowned as the heart of the bluebonnet region in Central Texas. The local chamber of commerce promotes the Bluebonnet Trails and offers free maps to guide visitors along the most scenic wildflower routes, which also pass historic sites and attractions.
Washington County is known as the "Birthplace of Texas," as it contains the site of the signing of the Texas Declaration of Independence on March 2, 1836 in the town of Washington-on-the-Brazos. This is now a state historic site.
Brenham is also known for its annual German heritage festival that takes place each May called Maifest, similar to Volksfest. Numerous German immigrants settled here in the mid-nineteenth century, following the Revolutions in German states in 1848.
Brenham is also the Home of "The World's Largest BBQ Pit" on 290 West.Colby Fire
The Colby Fire was a wildfire in the Angeles National Forest. It was ignited along the Colby Truck Trail in the San Gabriel Mountains in northern Los Angeles County, United States. The fire started on January 16, 2014 and eventually burned 1,992 acres. On January 25, the Colby Fire had burned 1,962 acres, and was 98% contained. The fire, which was fanned by strong Santa Ana winds, destroyed 5 homes, injured one person, and forced the evacuation of 3,600 people at its peak.Three men in their early 20s were arrested for recklessly starting a fire, and have allegedly admitted starting an illegal campfire that blew out of control. They will face federal charges of unlawfully causing timber to burn. Bail has been set at $500,000 for each of them "due to the seriousness of the crime, as well as the high cost of damaged property and resources to fight the fire." One of the men, a transient, has been placed in a residential drug treatment facility. Two of the homeless men were convicted of lighting and failing to control an illegal campfire; the third person is scheduled to go to trial later in 2014.January fires are unusual in Southern California, but there was little rainfall in the area leading up to the fire, which led to a "red flag" fire danger situation. Warm temperatures, low humidity, and an excess of dry brush in the foothills around Glendora (which had not burned significantly since the 1960s) encouraged the growth of the fire.Fairview Beach, Wisconsin
Fairview Beach is an unincorporated community in the town of Oshkosh, Winnebago County, United States.Granite Quarry, Wisconsin
Granite Quarry is a ghost town in the towns of St. Lawrence and Waupaca, Waupaca County, United States.Hopokoekau Beach, Wisconsin
Hopokoekau Beach is an unincorporated community in the town of Taycheedah, Fond du Lac County, United States.John H. Guyer High School
John H. Guyer High School is a public high school situated in the city of Denton, Texas, in Denton County, United States and classified as a 6A school by the UIL. It is a part of the Denton Independent School District located in central Denton County. This was the third high school built by the district and was opened in 2005. In 2013, the school was rated "Academically Acceptable" by the Texas Education Agency.The school's namesake was a former principal at Denton High School who later served as assistant to the Denton ISD Superintendent. Initially, officials of Denton ISD expected Guyer to be slow to grow, but those thoughts were soon disproved by the flood of transfers from other high schools in the area to Guyer. This unexpected influx of students made it necessary to add twelve portable classrooms to the original school.Laudolff Beach, Wisconsin
Laudolff Beach is an unincorporated community in the town of Calumet, Fond du Lac County, United States.List of United States Post Offices
This is a List of United States Post Offices that are individually notable and that have operated under the authority of the United States Post Office Department (1792–1971) or of the United States Postal Service (since 1971). Notable U.S. Post Offices include individual buildings, whether still in service or not, which have architectural or community-related significance. Many of these are listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) and/or state and local historic registers.Minawa Beach, Wisconsin
Minawa Beach is an unincorporated community in the town of Taycheddah, Fond du Lac County, United States.Moolack Beach
Moolack Beach (also Moolack Shores) is an undeveloped sandy beach on the Oregon Coast about 4 miles (6 km) north of Newport in Lincoln County, United States. It is almost 8 km (5 mi) in length with the south end at Yaquina Head and the north end at Otter Rock, the site of Devils Punch Bowl State Natural Area. The northern beach is the site of Beverly Beach State Park and the community of Beverly Beach. The beach has no obvious break delineating what would seem to be Beverly Beach, though Wade Creek is a likely candidate. The nearly ten foot (3 m) tidal range and seasonally-varying slope of the beach can cause the sandy beach to completely disappear at times; at other times it can be hundreds of feet wide. The beach is bounded by U.S. Route 101.
The name is from a Chinook Jargon word for "elk". The area is rich with geologic history.Oley, Pennsylvania
Oley (also called Friedensburg) is a census-designated place (CDP) in northern Oley Township, Berks County, United States, located along Routes 73 and 662. The entire township is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The Little Manatawny Creek flows SE through Oley into the Manatawny Creek, a tributary of the Schuylkill River. Berks Career and Technology Center has a campus in Oley serving eastern Berks County. Oley Valley High School and Reading Motorcycle Club are also located in Oley. The ZIP code of Oley is 19547. As of the 2010 census the population was 1,282 residents.Texas High School
Texas High School is a public high school located in the city of Texarkana, Texas in Bowie County, United States. It is classified as a 5A school by the UIL. It is part of the Texarkana Independent School District located in extreme northeast Bowie County. In 2015, the school was rated "Met Standard" by the Texas Education Agency.Tibbets, Wisconsin
Tibbets is an unincorporated community located in the town of Sugar Creek, Walworth County, United States.Waterman Mountains
The Waterman Mountains are a low mountainous landform in Pima County, United States. Notable among the tree species is the elephant tree (Bursera microphylla) which species exhibits a contorted multi-furcate architecture; most of these froze in the cold winter of 2011. The Waterman Mountain range is in the Ironwood Forest National Monument.
The Waterman Mountains are not extensive, and merge into the southern section of the Silver Bell Mountains. The south of the range abuts the northwest of the northwest-southeast trending Roskruge Mountains. The highest point of the range is Waterman Peak at 3,808 feet (1,161 m).Whitby, West Virginia
Whitby is an unincorporated community and coal town in the Winding Gulf Coalfield of southern West Virginia within Raleigh County, United States.
United States articles
Articles on second-level administrative divisions of North American countries