Count of Paris (French: Comte de Paris) was a title for the local magnate of the district around Paris in Carolingian times. After Hugh Capet was elected King of France in 987, the title merged into the crown and fell into disuse. However, it was later revived by the Orléanist pretenders to the French throne in an attempt to evoke the legacy of Capet and his dynasty.
In 1838, during the July Monarchy, King Louis-Philippe I recreated the title for his newly born grandson Philippe. After Louis-Philippe abdicated during the French Revolution of 1848, Orléanist monarchists considered Philippe and his descendants to be the legitimate heirs to the throne. In 1870, at the beginning of the French Third Republic, Philippe and the Orléanists agreed to support the legitimist pretender, Henri, Count of Chambord, but resumed Philippe's claims after Henri's death in 1883.
The next in line is Henri's eldest son, Prince Jean, Duke of Vendôme (born 1965), who has announced he will leave a period of mourning before assuming the title. His heir is his eldest son, Prince Gaston Louis Antoine Marie d’Orléans (born 2009).
Henri, Count of Paris, Henri d'Orleans and Henri, Duke of France are all names taken by recent claimants to the French throne.
Henri, Count of Paris (1908–1999)
Henri, Count of Paris (1933–2019), his sonHenri, Count of Paris (1908–1999)
Henri of Orléans, Count of Paris (Henri Robert Ferdinand Marie d'Orléans; 5 July 1908 – 19 June 1999), was the Orléanist claimant to the throne of France as Henry VI from 1940 until his death.Henri, Count of Paris (1933–2019)
Henri, Count of Paris, Duke of France (Prince Henri Philippe Pierre Marie d'Orléans; 14 June 1933 – 21 January 2019), was the Orléanist pretender to the defunct French throne as Henry VII.
He was head of the House of Orléans as senior in male-line descent from Louis-Philippe I d'Orléans, who reigned as King of the French from 1830 to 1848. Henri was a retired military officer as well as an author and painter.House of Orléans
The 4th House of Orléans, sometimes called the House of Bourbon-Orléans (French: Maison de Bourbon-Orléans) to distinguish it, is the fourth holder of a surname previously used by several branches of the Royal House of France, all descended in the legitimate male line from the dynasty's founder, Hugh Capet. The house was founded by Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, younger son of king Louis XIII and younger brother of king Louis XIV, the "Sun King".
From 1709 until the French Revolution, the Orléans dukes were next in the order of succession to the French throne after members of the senior branch of the House of Bourbon, descended from king Louis XIV. Although Louis XIV's direct descendants retained the throne, his brother Philippe's descendants flourished until the end of the French monarchy. They held the Crown from 1830 to 1848, and they still are pretenders to the French throne.Jean, Count of Paris
Prince Jean d’Orléans of France, The Count of Paris (Jean Charles Pierre Marie d’Orléans; born 19 May 1965) is the current head of the House of Orléans. A descendant in the male-line of Louis-Philippe I, King of the French, he is, according to the Orléanists, the legitimate claimant to the throne of France as Jean IV. Of France's three monarchist movements, Orléanism, Legitimism and Bonapartism, most royalists are Orléanists.
Prince Jean is the second son of Prince Henri, Count of Paris (1933–2019), the late head of the House of Orléans and his former wife Duchess Marie Therese of Württemberg.Line of succession to the French throne (Orléanist)
The Orléanist claimant to the throne of France is Prince Jean, Duke of Vendôme. He is the uncontested heir to the Orléanist position of "King of the French" held by Louis-Philippe, and is also King Charles X's heir as "King of France" if the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht (by which Philip V of Spain renounced for himself and his agnatic descendants any claim to the French throne) was valid. According to the Family Compact of 1909, only the descendants of the then pretender's father are considered to be dynasts of the House of France. The founders of the cadet branches of Orleans-Braganza and Orléans-Galliera, by becoming foreigners, are considered under house law to have renounced their rights to the throne. If the current line were to become extinct, the Orleans-Braganza have, however, reserved their right to renew their claims.Odo of France
Odo (or Eudes) (c. 857 – 1 January 898) was the elected King of Francia from 888 to 898 as the first king from the Robertian dynasty. Before assuming the kingship, Odo held the title of Count of Paris.Orléanist
The Orléanists were a French political faction supporting a constitutional monarchy for France led by the House of Orléans as opposed to Legitimists who supported the main line of the House of Bourbon. The Orléanist faction governed France from 1830 to 1848 in the July Monarchy of King Louis Philippe I. The faction took its name from the Orléans branch of the House of Bourbon (descended from the youngest son of Louis XIII). The faction comprised many liberals and intellectuals who wanted to restore the monarchy as a constitutional monarchy with limited powers for the king and most power in the hands of parliament.
Their base of support came from the financial elite and liberal monarchists. Over time, the July Monarchy alienated the population with its increasing conservatism and repression as represented in the figure of Prime Minister François Guizot. Many Orléanists went into exile during the reign of Emperor Napoleon III. Following the Third Republic in 1870, they were a sizable force on the right wing, but they failed to secure a resumption of the Orléanist succession and their support dwindled over time as republicanism became more accepted.Prince Charles Philippe, Duke of Anjou
Prince Charles-Philippe Marie Louis of Orléans, Duke of Anjou (French: Charles Philippe Marie Louis d’Orléans; born 3 March 1973 in Paris, France) is a Prince and member of the House of Orléans.
He is the older of two sons of Prince Michel d'Orléans, Count of Évreux, and his wife the former Béatrice Pasquier de Franclieu. His paternal grandfather was Henri, Count of Paris, the Orléanist pretender to the French throne. As such, Charles-Philippe takes the traditional royal rank of petit-fils de France with the style of Royal Highness.Charles-Philippe was an independent candidate in the 2012 French legislative election, standing in the Fifth constituency for French residents overseas, which covers Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Monaco. He finished seventh, with 3.05% of the vote. (Within the constituency, he finished fourth in Portugal, his country of residence, with 7.37%, and fourth also in Monaco, with 5.33%.)Charles-Philippe assumed the position as Grand Master of the Orléans obedience of Order of Saint Lazarus in 2004-2010.Prince Eudes, Duke of Angoulême
Prince Eudes Thibaut Joseph Marie of Orléans, Duke of Angoulême (born 18 March 1968), is the youngest son of Henri, Count of Paris, Duke of France, the late Orleanist claimant to the throne of France, and of Duchess Marie Therese of Württemberg.Prince Foulques, Duke of Aumale
Prince Foulques of Orléans, Duke of Aumale and Count of Eu (Foulques Thibaut Robert Jacques Géraud Jean Marie; born 9 July 1974) is the younger son of Prince Jacques, Duke of Orléans and Gersende de Sabran-Pontevès.
His paternal grandfather was the late Henri, Count of Paris, who was the Orléanist claimant to the French throne with the title of Henri VI. As such, Foulques would have the status of Petit-Fils de France, with the style of Royal Highness.Prince François, Count of Clermont
Prince François of Orléans, Count of Clermont (François Henri Louis Marie; 7 February 1961 – 31 December 2017) was the eldest son of Orleanist pretender to the French throne, Prince Henri, Count of Paris, Duke of France (1933 - 2019) and his former
wife Duchess Marie Therese of Württemberg.
He was the Dauphin of France in Orleanist reckoning. However, his mother had been infected with toxoplasmosis during her second and third pregnancies, and the pre-natal exposure left both Prince François and his younger sister, Princess Blanche, developmentally disabled.His godparents were Henri, Count of Paris (paternal grandfather) and Duchess Rosa of Württemberg (maternal grandmother).
François was about two or three months old, according to his father (then styled Count of Clermont as Orleanist heir-apparent), before the family realized that he had a disability. During his early childhood the family dwelt in Haute-Savoie, although his father was often away on military assignment or business. When he was 13, his parents separated and François spent weekdays in a facility at Beaumont-sur-Oise and, from the early 1980s, in a L'Arche community, rejoining his mother and siblings at the Orléans estate in Dreux on weekends, while sometimes vacationing with his paternal grandmother at the Chateau d'Eu where she taught him to walk when he was four or five.In 1984 his grandfather, the Count of Paris, having declared Henri Clermont deprived of his dynastic rights for an unauthorized civil remarriage after divorce, publicly announced that he would be succeeded as claimant to the French throne by Prince Jean, younger brother of François, in light of the latter's incapacity. Although in 1991 the Count of Paris subsequently relented and declared Henri Clermont restored in his rights as first-born son, when Henri Clermont succeeded as Count of Paris in 1999, he reinstated François as the next heir on the grounds that his father's act had been ultra vires. He established a council of regency to exercise the dynastic prerogative on François's behalf, to become effective upon the succession of François as claimant. In 2016 Jean declared that his father's appointment of a regency council was invalid and, having become his elder brother's legal guardian, promised to continue to care for him while also called for François "to be left in peace and not used."On 31 December 2017 Prince Jean reported that after suffering a bad fall on 30 December, François had died. Henri subsequently recognized Jean as "the Dauphin", father and son publicly embracing at the interment of François at the Chapelle royale de Dreux on 6 January 2018 following a funeral service attended by his parents, siblings and other family, as well as members of reigning and deposed dynasties.Prince Jacques, Duke of Orléans
Prince Jacques of Orléans, Duke of Orléans, fils de France (Jacques Jean Jaroslaw Marie; born 25 June 1941 in Rabat, Morocco), is the son of Henri, Count of Paris (the Orléanist claimant to the French throne from 1940 until his death) and his wife, Princess Isabelle of Orléans-Braganza.Prince Jean, Duke of Guise
Prince Jean of Orléans, Duke of Guise (Jean Pierre Clément Marie; 4 September 1874 – 25 August 1940), was the son of Prince Robert, Duke of Chartres (1840–1910), grandson of Prince Ferdinand Philippe and great-grandson of Louis Philippe I, King of the French. His mother was Françoise of Orléans, daughter of François, Prince of Joinville, and Princess Francisca of Brazil.Prince Michel, Count of Évreux
Prince Michel of Orléans, fils de France, Count of Évreux (Michel Joseph Benoît Marie; born 25 June 1941, Rabat, Morocco) is a member of the House of Orléans which reigned over France between 1830 and 1848, a cadet branch of the royal House of Bourbon. He is a younger son of Henri, Count of Paris, the Orleanist claimant to the French throne from 1940 to 1999, and of the author, Princess Isabelle of Orléans-Braganza.Prince Philippe, Count of Paris
Prince Philippe of Orléans, Count of Paris (Louis Philippe Albert; 24 August 1838 – 8 September 1894), was the grandson of Louis Philippe I, King of the French. He was Count of Paris, and was a claimant to the French throne from 1848 until his death. He was styled as "King Louis Philippe II", although some monarchists prefer the designation "King Philippe VII".Prince Philippe, Duke of Orléans (1869–1926)
Prince Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans (Louis Philippe Robert d'Orléans; 6 February 1869 – 28 March 1926) was the Orléanist claimant to the throne of France from 1894 to 1926.Princess Anne, Duchess of Calabria
Princess Anne of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Dowager Duchess of Calabria (née Princess Anne d'Orléans; born 4 December 1938) is the widow of Infante Carlos, Duke of Calabria. She is the third daughter and fifth child of Prince Henri, Count of Paris (1908–1999), Orléanist claimant to the defunct French throne, and his wife Princess Isabelle of Orléans-Braganza (1911–2003).Robert I of France
Robert I of France (c.860 – June 15, 923) was the elected King of West Francia from 922 to 923. Before his election to the throne he was Count of Poitiers, Count of Paris and Marquis of Neustria and Orléans. He succeeded the overthrown Carolingian king Charles the Simple, who in 898 had succeeded Robert's brother, king Odo.