Cotton Bowl (stadium)

Cotton Bowl Stadium is an outdoor stadium in Dallas, Texas, United States, opening in 1930 at the site of the State Fair of Texas. Concerts or other events using a stage allow the playing field to be used for additional spectators.

The Cotton Bowl was the longtime home of the annual college football post-season bowl game known as the Cotton Bowl Classic, for which the stadium is named. Starting on New Year's Day 1937, it hosted the first 73 editions of the game, through January 2009; the game was moved to AT&T Stadium in Arlington in January 2010. The stadium also hosts the Red River Showdown, the annual college football game between the Oklahoma Sooners and the Texas Longhorns, and the Heart of Dallas Bowl.

The stadium has been home to many football teams over the years, including: SMU Mustangs (NCAA), Dallas Cowboys (NFL; 1960–1971), Dallas Texans (NFL) (1952), Dallas Texans (AFL; 1960–1962), and soccer teams, the Dallas Tornado (NASL; 1967–1968), and FC Dallas (the Dallas Burn 1996-2004, FC Dallas 2005) (Major League Soccer; 1996–2002, 2004–2005). It was also one of the nine venues used for the 1994 FIFA World Cup.

It became known as "The House That Doak Built", due to the immense crowds that SMU running back Doak Walker drew to the stadium during his college career in the late 1940s.[8]

In their seventh season, the Cowboys hosted the Green Bay Packers for the NFL championship at the Cotton Bowl on January 1, 1967.[9][10] The college bowl game that year included SMU and was played the day before, New Year's Eve, which required a quick turnaround to transform the field.[11] The two games were filled to the 75,504 capacity, but both local teams came up short.

Artificial turf was installed in 1970 and removed in 1993 in preparation for the 1994 FIFA World Cup. The elevation of the playing field is approximately 450 feet (140 m) above sea level.

Cotton Bowl Stadium
"The House That Doak Built"
Fair Park August 2016 40 (Cotton Bowl Stadium)
West grandstand main entrance in 2016
Cotton Bowl Stadium is located in Texas
Cotton Bowl Stadium
Cotton Bowl Stadium
Location within Texas
Cotton Bowl Stadium is located in the United States
Cotton Bowl Stadium
Cotton Bowl Stadium
Cotton Bowl Stadium (the United States)
Former namesFair Park Stadium
(1930–1936)
Address1300 Robert B. Cullum Blvd.
LocationDallas, Texas
Coordinates32°46′47″N 96°45′35″W / 32.77972°N 96.75972°WCoordinates: 32°46′47″N 96°45′35″W / 32.77972°N 96.75972°W
OwnerCity of Dallas / Office of Cultural Affairs Public Art Program / Dallas Parks and Recreation Department[1]
Capacity92,100[2]
Record attendance96,009[3]
SurfaceNatural grass (1930–1969, since 1994)
AstroTurf (1970–1993)
Construction
Broke ground1930[4]
Opened1930, 89 years ago
Renovated1936, 1968, 1993, 2008
Expanded1948–1949, 1993, 2008
Construction costUS$328,200
($4.92 million in 2018 dollars[5])
ArchitectMark Lemmon, 1930
George Dahl, 1936
Hellmuth, Obata & Kassabaum, 1993
Structural engineerChappell, Stokes & Brenneke, 1948-1949
Tenants
College football

SMU Mustangs (1932–1978, 1995–1999)
Red River Showdown (1912, 1914-1921, 1924-present)
Cotton Bowl Classic (1937–2009)
First Responder Bowl (2011–present)
State Fair Classic (1925–present)

Professional football

Dallas Texans (NFL) (1952)
Dallas Texans (AFL) (1960–1962)
Dallas Cowboys (NFL) (1960–1971)
Dallas Desire (LFL) (2010)

Soccer

Dallas Tornado (NASL) (1967–1968)
Dallas Burn/FC Dallas (MLS) (1996–2002, 2004–2005)

Hockey
2020 NHL Winter Classic
Website
Official website
The Cotton Bowl
Architectural styleArt Deco
Part ofTexas Centennial Exposition Buildings (1936-1937) (#86003488[6])
TSAL #8200000209
DLMKHD #H/33 (Fair Park)
Significant dates
Designated CPSeptember 24, 1986
Designated TSALJanuary 1, 1984
Designated DLMKHDMarch 4, 1987[7]

History

Construction began on Fair Park Stadium in 1930 on the same site as the wooden football stadium before known as Fair Park Stadium. Completed that year, the first game in the stadium was between Dallas-area high schools in October 1930. The original stadium–the lower half of the current facility–was built for a cost of $328,000 and seated 45,507 spectators. The name was officially changed to the Cotton Bowl in 1936.

In 1948, a second deck was added to the west side, increasing capacity to 67,000. The east side was double-decked the following year, increasing capacity to 75,504. These decks were added to respond to the demand for fans to watch SMU halfback Doak Walker, leading the Cotton Bowl to be known as "the house that Doak built." The superstructure was also built at this time, creating the distinctive facade for the stadium. In 1968, chair-backs were installed, reducing capacity to 72,032. In 1970, the Cotton Bowl installed an AstroTurf surface, which remained until 1993.

In 1950, as a way to break the Texas League record for opening-day attendance, Richard Burnett got permission to play in the Cotton Bowl, which at the time could hold as many as 75,000. In order to draw a big crowd, he wanted a lineup of former stars to don Dallas Eagles uniforms and face one Tulsa hitter in the top of the first inning. Most of the retired stars were cool to the idea, except for then-current Dallas Eagles manager Charlie Grimm. When the legendary Ty Cobb agreed to come to Dallas, the others followed his lead. Preceding the game was a parade through downtown Dallas. "It was the pre-game show that got 'em", bellowed Dizzy Dean by way of self-congratulation. "Cobb, Cochrane, Home Run Baker, Speaker, and Ol' Diz in Dallas duds." The 54,151 who showed up were lucky enough to see Ty Cobb hit several balls into the stands, just to show he could still handle the bat. The Kilgore College Rangerettes drill team performed on the field prior to the game. Texas governor Allan Shivers threw out the first pitch. Defensively, the old-timer lineup of the Eagles were: Duffy Lewis in left field, Cobb in center field, Texas native Tris Speaker in right field, Frank "Home Run" Baker at third base, Travis Jackson at shortstop, Charlie Gehringer at second base, manager Grimm at first base, Mickey Cochrane at catcher, and former Houston Buffaloes star pitcher Dizzy Dean on the mound. Dean walked the leadoff batter for Tulsa, Harry Donabedian, on a 3-2 count, and then the regular Dallas players took the field. Dean got into an orchestrated rhubarb and was tossed from the game. The attendance figure still stands as the largest in Texas League history and second largest in the history of the minor leagues.

The Cotton Bowl hosted six matches of the 1994 World Cup. To meet FIFA requirements for these games the stadium field was widened, the press box was enlarged and natural grass was re-installed. The playing surface has remained natural grass ever since. Capacity was decreased to 71,615 in 1994 and to 68,252 in 1996.[12] The Stadium also hosted the Gold Cup Soccer Matches in 1993.

In the 2000s (decade), the renewed dominance of both the Oklahoma Sooners and the Texas Longhorns created a new interest in their rivalry, and the stadium. Temporary stands were erected in each end zone to increase seating for these games from just over 68,000 to 90,000.

In November 2006, the city of Dallas and the State Fair of Texas finally agreed on funding for a long-planned[13] $50 million renovation, with $30 million of this amount from a city bond.[14] Thus, in April 2007, the schools signed a contract to play at the Cotton Bowl through 2015, coupled with a $57 million fund for upgrades and improvements to the aging stadium.[15] The 2008 game was held on October 11.

The 2008 renovations include the expansion of the seating capacity of the stadium from 68,252 to 92,100,[2] mostly through the complete encircling of the second deck, new media and VIP facilities, a new scoreboard and video screen, updated restrooms and concession areas, lighting, utility and sound upgrades and the replacement of all the stadium's seats. A new record for attendance was set when 96,009 fans attended the 2009 Oklahoma vs. Texas football game.

The renovation was also intended to increase the chances of the Cotton Bowl Classic becoming a part of the Bowl Championship Series. However, the renovation was not enough to prevent the Cotton Bowl Classic from moving out of its namesake stadium after the 2009 game. Dallas' occasionally cold January weather had been a longstanding concern for the game, and was believed to have precluded any prospect of adding it to the BCS even after the expansion. (The Cotton Bowl Classic would eventually be added to the "New Year's Six" College Football Playoff bowls after the game moved to what is now AT&T Stadium.) [16]

On January 1, 2019, the NHL announced the 2020 NHL Winter Classic would be held at the Cotton Bowl between the Dallas Stars and the Nashville Predators.

Stadium usage

The Cotton Bowl has been used by a number of teams in several sports throughout its history, and has hosted three collegiate bowl games. The Cotton Bowl has also hosted large music concerts, including the inaugural Texxas Jam and other similar events.

Football

Cotton Bowl Classic

2007 Cotton Bowl panoramic 1
Panoramic view of the 2008 Cotton Bowl Classic between Missouri and Arkansas

From 1937 to 2009, the Cotton Bowl hosted the Cotton Bowl Classic, an annual NCAA Division I bowl game. Beginning in 2010, the bowl game has been played at AT&T Stadium in Arlington. From 1941 to 1994, the Southwest Conference champion would play in the bowl game; since 1997, the first postseason of the Big 12 Conference, its second-place team has competed against an SEC team in the Cotton Bowl Classic.

Dallas Cowboys

The Dallas Cowboys also called the Cotton Bowl home for 12 seasons, from the team's formation in 1960 until 1971. After playing their first two home games in 1971 at the Cotton Bowl, the Cowboys opened Texas Stadium in Irving on October 24.

Dallas Texans

The Dallas Texans of the American Football League used the stadium all three of their seasons in Dallas, from 1960-1962. Following the Texans 1962 AFL Championship season, they moved to Kansas City, Missouri and became the Chiefs.

Heart of Dallas Bowl (First Responder Bowl)

Since January 2011, the Cotton Bowl has been the home of the Heart of Dallas Bowl, an annual college football bowl game. The game was tentatively named the "Dallas Football Classic" prior to TicketCity being announced as the bowl game's title sponsor. The game was called the "TicketCity Bowl" for the first two match ups. On October 4, 2012, the name changed again to its current incarnation. The game has had bowl tie-ins with the Big 12 Conference in 2011, Conference USA in 2012, and the Big Ten Conference in both 2011 and 2012. The inaugural game saw the Texas Tech Red Raiders defeat the Northwestern Wildcats, 45–38.

Red River Rivalry

The annual college football game between the University of Oklahoma Sooners and the University of Texas at Austin Longhorns, also known before 2005 as the Red River Shootout, is played at the Cotton Bowl during the State Fair of Texas, instead of on either school's campus. Ticket sales are equally divided between the two schools, and the fans are split on the 50-yard line. Following the 2018 game, the Longhorns have a record of 62-46-5 against the Sooners.

SMU Mustangs

The Cotton Bowl served as the home for the SMU Mustangs football team for two periods in the program's history. SMU played at least a few games at the Cotton Bowl from 1932 onward. They gradually moved more of their home games there during the 1930s and 1940s, as it was double the size of their on-campus stadium, Ownby Stadium. The Mustangs moved there permanently in 1948 due to Doak Walker's popularity. The Mustangs played at the Cotton Bowl until 1978, when they moved to Texas Stadium.

The Cotton Bowl also served as home to SMU in the 1990s, after the team served the NCAA death penalty due to numerous recruiting violations, and spent the first six years after their return at Ownby Stadium. Games moved back to campus in 2000 with the completion of Gerald J. Ford Stadium.

State Fair Classic

In addition to the Red River Rivalry, the Grambling State University Tigers and the Prairie View A&M University Panthers play each other at the Cotton Bowl in the State Fair Classic. This game often occurs the weekend before the Texas-OU Red River Rivalry game. It is a neutral site for both teams; Grambling State is located in northern Louisiana and Prairie View A&M is located about 30 miles (48 km) northwest of Houston. The halftime show, the "Battle of the Bands", is arguably more eagerly anticipated than the game itself. The State Fair Classic is heavily marketed in the Dallas – Fort Worth Metroplex, with local hip hop stations encouraging a large turnout among the region's African-American community. The State Fair Classic is currently the largest FCS football game in Texas.

Texas State Fair Classic Showdown

In 2016, the Texas State Fair in conjunction with the City of Dallas announced an expansion of games played during the state fair for 2018 and 2019. Following the Red River Rivalry weekend, the Texas Southern University Tigers will play against the Southern University Jaguars. The game will be a neutral site for both teams, Texas Southern University is centrally located in Houston and Southern University is located in Baton Rouge, Louisiana (South Louisiana). The two schools are long-time SWAC rivals and have nationally recognized marching bands.[17]

Texas High School Football

The Cotton Bowl has a long history of hosting Texas high school football games. From the early days of the stadium, it was used for playoff and championship games. In 1945 and 1967, the stadium hosted two of the largest audiences to ever see a Texas high school football game.[18] In 2011 and 2012, it played host to the North Texas Football Classic to kick off those seasons.

Powderpuff Football

Blondes vs. Brunettes powderpuff football games are played in cities across the United States.[19] Proceeds from the event are donated to The Alzheimer's Association. The annual contests were started by Sara Allen Abbott whose father, Texas State Representative Joseph Hugh Allen, died of Alzheimer's disease in 2008. Looking for a way to raise funds for The Alzheimer's Association, Abbott organized a powderpuff football game in tribute to her father, a lifelong football fan.[20] The games are currently played in over 20 cities throughout the United States. The increasing popularity of the game in the Dallas area resulted in moving the 2012 game to the Cotton Bowl where it could accommodate a larger crowd.[21]

Soccer

On July 29, 2014, the Cotton Bowl hosted a soccer match between Real Madrid and A.S. Roma which was part of the 2014 International Champions Cup and AS Roma won the match 1-0.[22] It also hosted 6 matches of the 1994 FIFA World Cup.

1994 FIFA World Cup matches

Date Time (UTC−6) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
1994-06-17 18:30  Spain 2-2  South Korea Group C 56,247
1994-06-23 18:30  Nigeria 3-0  Bulgaria Group D 44,132
1994-06-28 15:00  Germany 3-2  South Korea Group C 63,998
1994-06-30 18:30  Argentina 0-2  Bulgaria Group D 63,998
1994-07-03 12:00  Saudi Arabia 1-3  Sweden Round of 16 60,277
1994-07-09 14:35  Netherlands 2-3  Brazil Quarter-final 63,500

Other international matches

Date Team #1 Res. Team #2 Attendance
September 8, 1974 Mexico  1-0  United States 22,164
July 10, 1993 Jamaica  0-1  United States 11,642
July 14, 1993 Panama  1-2  United States 13,771
July 17, 1993 Honduras  0-1  United States 16,348
July 21, 1993 Costa Rica  0-1  United States 14,826
March 26, 1994 Bolivia  2-2  United States 26,835
March 25, 1995 Uruguay  2-2  United States 12,242
April 28, 2004 Mexico  0-1  United States 45,048

Dallas Tornado

Early in their existence, the Dallas Tornado played two seasons of professional soccer in the Cotton Bowl. They spent their inaugural year, 1967, as a franchise of the United Soccer Association and 1968 as members of the North American Soccer League, in the Cotton Bowl before moving first to P.C. Cobb Stadium, and then on to other venues. The Tornado played for 15 years and used a total of six different Dallas-area stadiums before finally folding after the 1981 season.

Dallas Burn

The Dallas Burn of MLS (rebranded as FC Dallas in 2005) called the Cotton Bowl home for its first 7 seasons, between 1996 and 2002, as well as for the 2004 and 2005 seasons, before opening their own stadium, formerly named Pizza Hut Park, in Frisco.

Ice hockey

NHL Winter Classic

The 2020 NHL Winter Classic will be held at the Cotton Bowl on January 1st, 2020. The game will be hosted by the Dallas Stars against the Nashville Predators[23]. This will mark the first time the Dallas Stars will host and compete in a Winter Classic. It will also mark the first outdoor NHL game to be hosted in a southern state.

Concerts

Music

The stadium has also been a venue for a number of historic concerts, most notably that which featured then 21-year-old Elvis Presley, which took place on October 11, 1956 and attracted what was then the largest audience in Texas history for an outdoor concert, in excess of 27,000.

Many consecutive summers of huge concerts, featuring several artists, began in July 1978, with the 1st annual Texxas Jam, which sold out with over 80,000 attendees. For crowd control purposes, ticket sales for any future Cotton Bowl General Admission floor seating was limited, and Jams following the 1978 Jam, never reached 80,000 for that reason. Each Texxas Jam had a unique lineup of major artists chosen by the promoter. Over the years, the Texxas Jam featured some of the top-billed headliner artists of the day, including Aerosmith, Heart, Deep Purple, Boston, Journey, Ted Nugent, Scorpions, Loverboy, Cheap Trick, Van Halen, Blue Öyster Cult, Sammy Hagar, Nazareth, Styx, Foghat, Santana, The Eagles & Triumph, among others.

The annual events came to an end in the summer of 1988, when Van Halen headlined the "Monsters Of Rock" Tour.

Since then, the stadium has continued to be used as a major concert venue; Eric Clapton held his first three-day Crossroads Guitar Festival there in 2004.

Drum Corps

The Cotton Bowl was also the site for the 1991 Drum Corps International World Championships. Also the 1971 VFW championships.

In popular culture

  • The stadium was featured in a 1981 episode of Dallas where J. R. Ewing meets Dusty Farlow.
  • In The Texas Chainsaw Massacre 2, two young men are on their way to the Cotton Bowl when they are killed.
  • The rock band Journey recorded two videos in the 1980s in the Cotton Bowl.
  • The daytime scenes from the video "I Won't Forget You" by the rock band Poison were recorded during the 1987 Texxas Jam on June 20, 1987 in front of over 80,000 people.
  • The rock band Rush played their first concert in the Cotton Bowl headlining the 1984 Texxas Jam on June 10.
  • The 2009 television reality series 4th and Long filmed the majority of its material at the Cotton Bowl.
  • In the 1984 Emmy Award-winning made-for-TV film "The Jesse Owens Story," made by Paramount Pictures, the Cotton Bowl was used as the Berlin Olympic Stadium for the 1936 Olympics. A local flag maker had to make large Nazi flags and banners to cover up Cotton Bowl emblems and other Texas State Fair items to give the impression that the film took place in Berlin, Germany in 1936.
  • In 2010, a commercial for McDonald's was filmed at the Cotton Bowl. The commercial featured Donald Driver, wide receiver for the Green Bay Packers.
  • A 2010 episode of The Good Guys, entitled "Dan on the Run," culminated at the Cotton Bowl.
  • The WCCW Cotton Bowl Extravaganza was an annual professional wrestling supercard promoted by Fritz Von Erich's World Class Championship Wrestling / World Class Wrestling Association. It was held in October every year from 1984 through 1988.
  • The stadium was the location of the Texas High School State Championship game with the East Dillon Lions in the series finale of Friday Night Lights.
  • The stadium was the venue for the Diwali Mela in 2012, 2013, 2016, and 2017.

Sources

  • "Baseball in the Lone Star State: Texas League's Greatest Hits", Tom Kayser and David King, Trinity University Press 2005
  • "Storied Stadiums: Baseball History Through Its Ballparks", Curt Smith, c.2001

See also

References

  1. ^ http://cambridgearchitectural.com/projects/cotton-bowl-stadium
  2. ^ a b "College Football–State Fair of Texas". State Fair of Texas. October 10, 2015. Retrieved October 10, 2015.
  3. ^ "Oklahoma Sooners vs. Texas Longhorns – Recap – October 17, 2009". ESPN. 2009-10-17. Retrieved 2012-10-20.
  4. ^ "Welcome to the City of Dallas, Texas - Fair Park, Tx. One fun thing leads to another". City of Dallas. June 2, 2001. Archived from the original on July 1, 2007. Retrieved October 10, 2015.
  5. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  6. ^ National Park Service (2013-11-02). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  7. ^ "Ordinance No. 27079" (PDF). City of Dallas. 2008. Retrieved August 16, 2018.
  8. ^ Weller, Robert (September 28, 1998). "His college's only Heisman winner; played for Detroit Lions". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. p. A14.
  9. ^ Johnson, Chuck (January 1, 1967). "Today's the day – Packers vs. Dallas". Milwaukee Journal. p. 1, sports.
  10. ^ Lea, Bud (January 2, 1967). "Packers tip Dallas for title, 34-27". Milwaukee Sentinel. p. 1, part 2.
  11. ^ "Georgia grinds out 24-9 Cotton victory". Milwaukee Journal. January 1, 1967. p. 1, sports.
  12. ^ "Stadium – AT&T Cotton Bowl Classic". Attcottonbowl.com. Retrieved 2012-10-20.
  13. ^ Levinthal, Dave (2005-08-20). "Miller determined to keep Texas-OU game". Dallas Morning News.
  14. ^ "City of Dallas 2006 Bond Program". City of Dallas. 2006. Archived from the original on 2008-09-07. Retrieved 2008-09-08.
  15. ^ "Texas-OU game to stay in Cotton Bowl through 2015". ESPN. Associated Press. 2007-04-20. Retrieved 2008-10-07.
  16. ^ "Cotton Bowl reportedly hoping to join BCS party in 2011". ESPN.com. Retrieved October 3, 2015.
  17. ^ Johnson, Luke (October 8, 2016). "'This is a major deal' Southern to play Texas Southern in 2018-19 Texas State Fair Football Showdown". The Advocate. Baton Rouge.
  18. ^ Doelle, Chris. "Texas High School Football All-Time Highest Attendance". Lone Star Gridiron. Archived from the original on June 12, 2013. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
  19. ^ Blondes vs. Brunettes Powderpuff Fundraiser
  20. ^ "Blondes vs. Brunettes: Grassroots Effort Scores for Alzheimer's Association". The NonProfit Times. Morris Plains, New Jersey. September 15, 2010. p. 7. Archived from the original on 2012-10-20. Retrieved 2012-09-30.
  21. ^ Pressley, Ty (August 3, 2012). "Blondes vs. Brunettes for Charity – Cotton Bowl to Host Blondes vs. Brunettes Football Game on Aug. 11". KXAS-TV News. Retrieved October 6, 2017.
  22. ^ Kent, David (July 30, 2015). "Cristiano Ronaldo put in the shade by Francesco Totti as Roma beat Real Madrid". Daily Mail. London. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
  23. ^ https://twitter.com/PR_NHL/status/1088901888819499008

External links

1952 Baylor Bears football team

The 1952 Baylor Bears football team represented Baylor University in the 1952 college football season. They finished with a 4-4-2 record and placed fifth in the Southwest Conference for the year. Four players – Jack Sisco (Center), Robert Knowles (Tackle), Bill Athey (Guard) and Jerry Coody (Back) – were selected as All-Conference players.

1959 Navy Midshipmen football team

The 1959 Navy Midshipmen football team represented the United States Naval Academy (USNA) during the 1959 college football season. Navy competed as an independent with no conference affiliation. The team was led by first-year head coach Wayne Hardin.

1963 Navy Midshipmen football team

The 1963 Navy Midshipmen football team represented the United States Naval Academy in the 1963 college football season. The Midshipmen were led by head coach Wayne Hardin in his fifth year, finished the year with an overall record of nine wins and two losses and with a loss against Texas in the Cotton Bowl Classic.

Quarterback Roger Staubach won the Heisman Trophy and the Maxwell Award while leading the Midshipmen to a 9–1 regular season record and a final ranking of No. #2 in the nation. He led Navy to victory over their annual rivalry with Notre Dame, which would be the Midshipmen's last win over Notre Dame until 2007. In the Crab Bowl Classic, Navy defeated Maryland by a score of 42–7. There was talk of cancelling the 1963 Army-Navy game in the aftermath of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, but his widow, Jacqueline, insisted that the game should be played. No. 2 Navy accepted an invitation to play in the 1964 Cotton Bowl Classic versus No. 1 Texas, the second No. 1 versus No. 2 bowl game in college football history.

1995 Navy Midshipmen football team

The 1995 Navy Midshipmen football team represented the United States Naval Academy (USNA) during the 1995 NCAA Division I-A football season. Navy competed as an independent with no conference affiliation. The team was led by first-year head coach Charlie Weatherbie.

1997 Navy Midshipmen football team

The 1997 Navy Midshipmen football team represented the United States Naval Academy (USNA) during the 1997 NCAA Division I-A football season. Navy competed as an independent with no conference affiliation. The team was led by third-year head coach Charlie Weatherbie.

2010 Cotton Bowl Classic

The 2010 AT&T Cotton Bowl Classic game was a post-season college football bowl game between the Oklahoma State Cowboys, representing Oklahoma State University, from the Big 12 Conference and the Ole Miss Rebels, representing the University of Mississippi, from the Southeastern Conference that took place on Saturday, January 2, 2010, at Cowboys Stadium in Arlington, Texas. The 2010 game was the first game in Cowboys Stadium after leaving its namesake venue and was the concluding game of the season for both teams involved.

Ole Miss has the distinction of playing in the last ever Cotton Bowl Classic held in the old Cotton Bowl stadium and playing in the first ever Cotton Bowl Classic held in its new home at Cowboys Stadium.

This was Ole Miss' second consecutive Cotton Bowl Classic appearance as the Rebels also played in the 2009 Cotton Bowl Classic where they defeated Texas Tech 47–34.

This was also the second meeting between Ole Miss and Oklahoma State in a Cotton Bowl Classic game. The two teams met in the 2004 Cotton Bowl Classic, which Ole Miss won 31-28 on the arm of quarterback Eli Manning.

This was Oklahoma State's third appearance in the Cotton Bowl Classic. Their first was a 34–0 win over TCU in 1945. This was Ole Miss' fifth appearance in the Cotton Bowl Classic. Aside from the 2004 and 2009 games, Ole Miss defeated TCU 14–13 in 1956 and lost to Texas 7–12 in 1962.

In this 2010 edition of the Cotton Bowl Classic, Ole Miss defeated Oklahoma State by a score of 21-7. With the win, Ole Miss became the first team to win back-to-back Cotton Bowl Classics since Notre Dame did so in 1993 and 1994. Ole Miss' Dexter McCluster was awarded the offensive MVP, making him only the second back-to-back offensive MVP in the Cotton Bowl Classic's 74-year history. The other was SMU's Doak Walker in 1948 and 1949. McCluster's 86-yard run for a touchdown was the longest actual completed run in Cotton Bowl Classic history but is not the longest officially. In the 1954 Cotton Bowl Classic, Rice University's Dicky Moegle began a run from his team's 5-yard line down the sideline near the University of Alabama's bench. As Moegle passed Alabama's bench, Alabama player Tommy Lewis jumped off the bench, wearing no helmet, and tackled Moegle at the 42-yard line. The referee saw what happened and signaled touchdown therefore making it officially a 95-yard run for a touchdown.

2018 First Responder Bowl

The 2018 First Responder Bowl was a college football bowl game scheduled for December 26, 2018, at the Cotton Bowl Stadium in Dallas. It was one of the 2018–19 bowl games concluding the 2018 FBS football season. Sponsored by Servpro, a franchisor of fire and water cleanup and restoration, the game was officially known as the Servpro First Responder Bowl. The ninth overall staging of the bowl, this was the first edition since being rebranded; its prior six editions were the Heart of Dallas Bowl, preceded by the TicketCity Bowl in its first two stagings.

The game was delayed in the first quarter, after Boston College took a 7–0 lead, and went into a weather delay due to lightning. Repeated lightning strikes near the stadium forced further delays; under NCAA rules, any lightning within eight miles of a stadium triggers a mandatory 30-minute delay, and the delay is extended with additional strikes. The game was cancelled about two hours later amid forecasts that the severe weather would continue throughout the day and night. The game is considered a no-contest for the teams involved.This is believed to be the first postseason game at the FBS-level (or its predecessors) that was cancelled due to weather. NCAA records reflect only two prior postseason cancellations—a 1941 charity game between San Jose State and Hawaii that was cancelled following the attack on Pearl Harbor; and a 2013 Division II game, the C.H.A.M.P.S. Heart of Texas Bowl, between Ouachita Baptist and Tarleton State that was cancelled due to severe weather.

2018 Oklahoma Sooners football team

The 2018 Oklahoma Sooners football team represents the University of Oklahoma in the 2018 NCAA Division I FBS football season, the 124th season for the Oklahoma Sooners. The team is led by Lincoln Riley, who is in his second year as head coach. They play their home games at Gaylord Family Oklahoma Memorial Stadium in Norman, Oklahoma. They are a charter member of the Big 12 Conference.

Conference play began with a 37–27 win against Iowa State in Ames, Iowa and ended with a 59–56 win against West Virginia in Morgantown, West Virginia. Oklahoma finished conference play with the best record in the conference with an 8–1 record. They went on to play Texas in the 2018 Big 12 Championship Game which they won 39–27 to win their thirteenth, and fourth consecutive, Big 12 championship.

In the final College Football Playoff rankings of the season, Oklahoma was ranked fourth, earning them a spot in the 2018 Orange Bowl, in a national semi-final game against first-seeded Alabama. This was Oklahoma's second consecutive and third overall CFP bid. The Sooners lost to the Crimson Tide, 34–45, marking the sixth consecutive loss for the school in CFP semi-finals or BCS national championship games.

Sooners quarterback Kyler Murray, following in the wake of Heisman Trophy winner Baker Mayfield, earned several national honors himself, including winning the school's second consecutive and seventh overall Heisman Trophy. This was the first time that quarterbacks from the same school won the award in back to back seasons.

2018–19 NCAA football bowl games

The 2018–19 NCAA football bowl games were a series of college football bowl games completing the 2018 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The games began on December 15, 2018, and, aside from the all-star games that follow, ended with the 2019 College Football Playoff National Championship, which was played on January 7, 2019.

The total of 40 team-competitive bowls, including the national championship game, was unchanged from the previous year. To fill the 78 available bowl slots, a total of 10 teams (13% of all participants) with non-winning records (6–6) were invited to bowl games. This was the second consecutive year, and only the third time in eight years, that no teams with losing seasons (6–7 or 5–7) were invited to fill available bowl berths.

Only 39 of the 40 bowls were played, with the First Responder Bowl becoming the first ever postseason game at the FBS-level (or its predecessors) to be cancelled, as a severe lightning storm lingered for over two hours near the Cotton Bowl Stadium. The game was scored as a no-contest for the teams involved.The three all-star games were the East–West Shrine Game and NFLPA Collegiate Bowl, played on January 19, and the Senior Bowl, played on January 26.

2019 Oklahoma Sooners football team

The 2019 Oklahoma Sooners football team will represent the University of Oklahoma in the 2019 NCAA Division I FBS football season, the 125th season for the Oklahoma Sooners. The team will be led by Lincoln Riley, who is in his third year as head coach. They will play their home games at Gaylord Family Oklahoma Memorial Stadium in Norman, Oklahoma. They are a charter member of the Big 12 Conference.

Conference play will begin against Texas Tech in Norman, Oklahoma and end against Oklahoma State in Stillwater, Oklahoma.

Adam McGeorge

Adam McGeorge (born 30 March 1989) is a New Zealand footballer who plays as a midfielder for Auckland City in the New Zealand Football Championship.

Comerica Bank New Year's Parade

The Comerica Bank New Year's Parade (also known as the Cotton Bowl Parade) was an annual New Year's Day parade held in downtown Dallas, Texas. The parade was sponsored by Comerica Bank, presented by the J. Curtis Sanford Parade Committee, and benefited the Field and Mary Scovell Scholarship Foundation. It was revived in 2007 and was held each year for the AT&T Cotton Bowl Classic. An estimated 100,000 people attended the parade each year. The parade route was 1.5 miles (2.4 km) long, starting in the Dallas Arts District and ending at the American Airlines Center, by Victory Park. It featured about 80 different entries, including about 20 floats and various marching bands, balloons, and other such performances. The parade was followed by pep rallies in the park for each team competing in the Cotton Bowl Classic. Although the game was moved to AT&T Stadium at Arlington, Texas, the 2010 parade was still held in Dallas. The Dallas Convention & Visitors Bureau said that the New Year's Day parade was important to the local economy because it increased the number of people shopping, dining, and staying in hotels during the end of the holiday season.The 2010 edition of the Comerica Bank New Year's Parade was the final parade to be held. It has not been held since that time, although both the Cotton Bowl Classic and Heart of Dallas Bowl events are still being played, with the Heart of Dallas Bowl at the Cotton Bowl stadium and the Cotton Bowl at AT&T Stadium.

Cotton Bowl

Cotton Bowl may refer to:

Cotton Bowl Classic, an annual college football post-season bowl game

Cotton Bowl (stadium), American football stadium located in Fair Park, Dallas, Texas; former venue for Cotton Bowl Classic

First Responder Bowl

The First Responder Bowl, previously the Heart of Dallas Bowl and originally played as the TicketCity Bowl, is an NCAA post-season college football bowl game played annually at the Cotton Bowl in Fair Park in Dallas, Texas. The bowl was first held on January 1, 2011, and since 2014 has been contested in late December. Starting in 2018, the game is sponsored by Servpro and officially known as the Servpro First Responder Bowl.

List of Utah Utes bowl games

This is a list of Utah Utes bowl games. The Utah Utes football team has played in 22 bowl games in its history, compiling a record of 17–5.

Red River Showdown

The Red River Showdown, commonly called the Red River Rivalry, the Red River Classic, or the Red River Shootout, is the Oklahoma–Texas football rivalry. It is an American college football rivalry game played annually at the Cotton Bowl stadium in Dallas, Texas, during the State Fair of Texas in October. The participants are the Oklahoma Sooners football team of the University of Oklahoma and the Texas Longhorns football team of the University of Texas at Austin. The game is played the week following the State Fair Classic featuring Prairie View A&M University and Grambling State University. The series is one of the major rivalries in NCAA football and in all of American sports. The name is derived from the Red River that forms part of the boundary between Texas and Oklahoma that has in the past caused conflict between the two states, most notably the 1931 Red River Bridge War.

There are three Red River Showdown trophies exchanged based on the outcome of the game. The best known of these is the Golden Hat, which is a gold ten-gallon hat, formerly of bronze. The trophy is kept by the winning school's athletic department until the next year. A newer trophy, the Red River Rivalry trophy, has been exchanged between the two student governments since 2003. The governor of Texas and governor of Oklahoma also exchange the Governors' trophy and frequently place a bet on the game such as the losing governor having to present a side of beef to the winning governor, often donated to charity.Another annual tradition is the running of game balls by the schools' Reserve Officers' Training Corps programs. Each school's ROTC program uses a relay running system to run one game ball all the way from their respective campus to Dallas. Once there, they participate against each other in a football scrimmage, with the winner taking home a rivalry trophy and bragging rights. For both teams, the rivalry is bitterly emotional and territorial in nature relating to the two states' proximity, past border disputes and economic and cultural differences.

SocioMX Cup

The SocioMX Cup is an international soccer tournament played in the United States as part of the SocioMX Tour since 2015 and includes four matches with men’s First League Mexican teams. The matches are televised in the US by Univision Deportes and internationally via ESPN in more than twenty-one countries including Mexico and Latin America. Both, the SocioMX Cup and SocioMX Tour are part of the events hosted by SocioMX, a powerful platform that engages hispanic soccer fans through: professional matches broadcast on live television, soccer stars, promotions, experiences and digital strategies.

Texas Southern Tigers football

The Texas Southern Tigers is the college football team representing Texas Southern University, a historically black university (HBCU) in Houston. The Tigers play in the NCAA's Division I FCS as a member of the Southwestern Athletic Conference (SWAC), a conference whose members are all HBCUs. In 2012, the Tigers moved into the new BBVA Compass Stadium, built for the city's Major League Soccer team, the Houston Dynamo. It replaced the Alexander Durley Sports Complex as the home of Tiger football. On December 3, 2015, Houston native Michael Haywood was hired as the Tigers' 16th all-time head coach.

Zaxby's

Zaxby's is a chain of fast food restaurants offering chicken wings, chicken fingers, sandwiches, and salads. The chain operates primarily in the Southern United States, and has more than 800 locations. Most Zaxby's restaurants are owned by franchisees, but 123 locations are owned by Zaxby's corporate.

Events and tenants
Preceded by
first stadium
Home of the Dallas Cowboys
1960 – October 11, 1971
Succeeded by
Texas Stadium
Preceded by
first stadium
Home of the Dallas Texans
1960 – 1962
Succeeded by
Municipal Stadium
Preceded by
first stadium
Dragon Stadium
Home of the Dallas Burn
1996 – 2002
2004 – 2005
Succeeded by
Dragon Stadium
Pizza Hut Park
Preceded by
first stadium
Home of the Cotton Bowl Classic
1937 – 2009
Succeeded by
Cowboys Stadium
Preceded by
Rich Stadium
Host of the Drum Corps International
World Championship

1991
Succeeded by
Camp Randall Stadium
History & conference tie-ins
Games
Notes
The Franchise
Chronology
Stadiums
Pro Football Hall of Famers
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Head Coaches
Seasons
Franchise
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Personnel
Culture
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Playoff appearances (20)
Division championships (10)
League championships (3)
Retired numbers
Media
Current league affiliations
Former league affiliation
Seasons (59)
Franchise
Stadiums
Culture
Lore
Rivalries
Division championships (23)
Conference championships (10)
League Championships (5)
Media
Current league affiliations
Seasons (60)
Venues
Bowls & rivalries
Culture & lore
People
Seasons
Defunct stadiums of the National Football League
Early era:
19201940
Merger era:
19411970
Current era:
1971–present
Stadiums
used by
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temporarily
Former stadiums of Major League Soccer
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