Corregimiento

Corregimiento (Spanish: [korexiˈmjento]; Catalan: Corregiment, IPA: [kurəʒiˈmen]) is a Spanish term used for country subdivisions for royal administrative purposes, ensuring districts were under crown control as opposed to local elites. A corregimiento was usually headed by a corregidor.

Historical corregimientos

Corregimientos were found historically in the Kingdom of Castile, the Kingdom of Aragon, and the Spanish West Indies.

Castile

In Old Castile corregimientos existed since the 13th century and were the administrative divisions of the Junta General de las Siete Merindades de Castilla Vieja.[1] After the Nueva Planta decrees under the rule of Philip V—the first Bourbon king of Spain, the corregidor was replaced by an intendant.[2] Corregimientos in Castile existed until 1835, the year in which the municipal administration was reorganized under Queen Isabel II.[3]

Crown of Aragon

In the territories of Aragon, Catalonia, and the Land of Valencia[4] formerly under the ancient Crown of Aragon, the corregimiento (Catalan: Corregiment) replaced the former administrative divisions following the Nueva Planta decrees. However, corregimientos disappeared in this area during the French occupation, being replaced by the territorial divisions of the French military rulers.[5] Corregimientos were finally superseded following the territorial division of Spain in 1833.

Captaincy General of Guatemala

The corregimiento of Totonicapán and Huehuetenango was a division under the Audiencia of Guatemala from 1547 to 1678, when it was reorganised as an alcaldía mayor.[6]

Present-day corregimientos

Colombia

The corregimientos of Colombia are smaller units than the historical ones. The word is used for the population centers that don't reach the level of municipality. They are thus under a municipality or a department.[7]

Panama

The corregimientos of Panama are district subdivisions. They are led by the Representante de Corregimiento, also known as a corregidor.

See also

References

  1. ^ Rafael Sánchez Domingo, Las merindades de Castilla Vieja y su Junta General, La Olmeda, Burgos, 1994 ISBN 84-7009-411-4
  2. ^ Estrada Sánchez, Manuel (2006). Provincias y diputaciones: la construcción de la Cantabria contemporánea, (1799-1833). Ed. Universidad de Cantabria. p. 24. ISBN 9788481024289.
  3. ^ Real Decreto de 23 de julio de 1835
  4. ^ Vicent Giménez Chornet, Compte i raó: la hisenda municipal de la ciutat de València en el segle XVIII, Universitat de València, 2002, ISBN 978-84-370-5399-8
  5. ^ Eliseo Serrano Martín, El Matarraña y la Historia Moderna. Portal Aragon.
  6. ^ Limón Aguirre, Fernando (2008). "La ciudadanía del pueblo chuj en México: Una dialéctica negativa de identidades" (PDF) (in Spanish). San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Mexico: El Colegio de la Frontera Sur – Unidad San Cristóbal de Las Casas. p. 12. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-02. Retrieved 2013-10-25.
  7. ^ "Conceptos básicos" (PDF). Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística (in Spanish). Gobierno de Colombia. p. 2. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
Amelia Denis de Icaza (corregimiento)

Amelia Denis de Icaza is a corregimiento in San Miguelito District, Panamá Province, Panama with a population of 38,397 as of 2010. Its population as of 1990 was 33,901; its population as of 2000 was 38,522.

Bugaba (corregimiento)

Bugaba is a corregimiento in Bugaba District, Chiriquí Province, Panama. It has a land area of 12.9 square kilometres (5.0 sq mi) and had a population of 3,718 as of 2010, giving it a population density of 288.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (747/sq mi). Its population as of 1990 was 1,989; its population as of 2000 was 2,817.

Canta Gallo

Canta Gallo is a corregimiento in Alanje District, Chiriquí Province, Panama. It has a land area of 36.9 square kilometres (14.2 sq mi) and had a population of 577 as of 2010, giving it a population density of 15.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (40/sq mi). It was created by Law 41 of April 30, 2003.

Chiriquí, Chiriquí

Chiriquí is a corregimiento in David District, Chiriquí Province, Panama. It has a land area of 205.1 square kilometres (79.2 sq mi) and had a population of 4,269 as of 2010, giving it a population density of 20.8 inhabitants per square kilometre (54/sq mi). Its population as of 1990 was 3,227; its population as of 2000 was 3,697.

Corregimientos of Colombia

Corregimiento is a term used in Colombia to define a subdivision of Colombian municipalities. According to the Colombian Constitution of 1991 and Decree 2274 of October 4, 1991, a corregimiento is an internal part of a Department or province, which includes a population core. It is usually less populated than a municipality.[1].

Historically, a corregimiento was administered by a corregidor.

Cébaco (corregimiento)

Cébaco is a corregimiento in Montijo District, Veraguas Province, Panama with a population of 378 as of 2010. It was created by Law 42 of April 30, 2003.

Divalá

Divalá is a corregimiento in Alanje District, Chiriquí Province, Panama. It has a land area of 72 square kilometres (28 sq mi) and had a population of 3,457 as of 2010, giving it a population density of 48 inhabitants per square kilometre (120/sq mi). Its population as of 1990 was 5,673; its population as of 2000 was 6,256.

El Ejido, Los Santos

El Ejido is a corregimiento in Los Santos District, Los Santos Province, Panama, created on May 7, 2017 from parts of the corregimiento of Santa Ana.

El Higo, Panama

El Higo is a corregimiento in San Carlos District, Panamá Oeste Province, Panama with a population of 2,710 as of 2010. Its population as of 1990 was 1,920; its population as of 2000 was 2,341.

Guna Yala

Guna Yala, formerly known as San Blas, is a comarca indígena (indigenous province) in northeast Panama (Official Gazette of Panama). Guna Yala is home to the indigenous people known as the Gunas. Its capital is El Porvenir. It is bounded on the north by the Caribbean Sea, on the south by the Darién Province and Emberá-Wounaan, on the east by Colombia, and on the west by the province of Colón.

Gómez, Chiriquí

Gómez is a corregimiento in Bugaba District, Chiriquí Province, Panama. It has a land area of 40.8 square kilometres (15.8 sq mi) and had a population of 2,702 as of 2010, giving it a population density of 66.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (171/sq mi). Its population as of 1990 was 2,468; its population as of 2000 was 2,422.

La Villa de los Santos

La Villa de los Santos also known La Heroica Villa de Los Santos,is the capital city and a corregimiento of the Los Santos District of Los Santos Province, Panama. It is at the left edge of La Villa River. Founded as Santa Cruz in 1555 by Juan Rodriguez Monjaraz, the then governor of the region, the city is known for The Gesture of Rufina Alfaro and the population's efforts in the movement to separate Panama from Spanish power in November 1821.

A yearly festival is hosted to celebrate the anniversary of the beginning of Panama's war for independence, which started in La Villa de los Santos. José Higinio Durán, the Catholic bishop of Panama, and Julián Chávez, the mayor of the city, were two individuals who called for Panama's independence. According to local tradition, a woman born to slave parents named Rufina Alfaro participated in the occupation of Spanish military outposts in the town, although this is disputed.

It was created by Law 5 of January 19, 1998. Though it is a corregimiento, it is properly called Villa de los Santos rather than Corregimiento de Los Santos. Its population as of 1990 was 6,543; its population as of 2000 was 7,194.

La Yeguada (corregimiento)

La Yeguada is a corregimiento in Calobre District, Veraguas Province, Panama with a population of 1,353 as of 2010. Its population as of 1990 was 1,379; its population as of 2000 was 1,444.

Manuel E. Amador Terreros, Veraguas

Manuel E. Amador Terreros is a corregimiento in Las Palmas District, Veraguas Province, Panama.

Monagrillo (corregimiento)

Monagrillo is a corregimiento in Chitré District, Herrera Province, Panama with a population of 12,385 as of 2010. Its population as of 1990 was 8,028; its population as of 2000 was 9,549.

Nueva California, Chiriquí

Nueva California is a corregimiento in Tierras Altas District, Chiriquí Province, Panama. It was established by Law 55 of September 13, 2013.

Pedregal, David

Pedregal is a corregimiento in David District, Chiriquí Province, Panama. It has a land area of 144.4 square kilometres (55.8 sq mi) and had a population of 17,516 as of 2010, giving it a population density of 121.3 inhabitants per square kilometre (314/sq mi). Its population as of 1990 was 12,731; its population as of 2000 was 15,220.

Provinces of Panama

Panama is divided into ten provinces (Spanish: provincias). There are three provincial-level indigenous regions (Spanish: comarcas indígenas, often foreshortened to comarcas).

There are also two indigenous comarcas within provinces that are considered equivalent to a corregimiento (municipality).

Remance

Remance is a corregimiento in San Francisco District, Veraguas Province, Panama with a population of 1,618 as of 2010. Its population as of 1990 was 1,806; its population as of 2000 was 1,807.

National, Federal
Regional, Metropolitan
Urban, Rural

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