Cornelius Newton Bliss (January 26, 1833 – October 9, 1911) was an American merchant, politician and art collector, who served as Secretary of the Interior in the administration of President William McKinley and as Treasurer of the Republican National Convention in four successive campaigns.
|21st United States Secretary of the Interior|
March 6, 1897 – February 19, 1899
|Preceded by||David R. Francis|
|Succeeded by||Ethan Hitchcock|
|Chair of the New York Republican Party|
|Preceded by||Chester S. Cole|
|Succeeded by||John N. Knapp|
Cornelius Newton Bliss
January 26, 1833
Fall River, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Died||October 9, 1911 (aged 78)|
New York City, New York, U.S.
(m. 1859; his death 1911)
|Children||4, including Lillie, Cornelius|
Cornelius Bliss was born at Fall River, Massachusetts. He was the son of Asahel Newton and Irene Borden (née Luther) Bliss. His family was of English ancestry and their earliest American ancestor was Thomas Bliss, who emigrated from Belstone, Devonshire to New England in 1635. His father died when he was an infant and his mother remarried to Edward S. Keep. They moved to New Orleans in 1840.
Returning to Massachusetts in 1849, he became a clerk and subsequently a junior partner in a prominent Boston commercial house. Later he moved to New York City to establish a branch of the firm. The firm, originally Wright & Whitman, in 1874 became Wright, Bliss & Fabyan upon the death of the senior partner, Mr. John S. Wright. On the death in 1881 of Mr. Eben Wright, the firm became Bliss, Fabyan & Co., under which name it continued until well into the 20th Century. Bliss, Fabyan & Co. was one of the largest wholesale dry-goods houses in the country.
A consistent advocate of the protective tariff, he was one of the organizers and for many years president of the American Protective Tariff League. In politics an active Republican, he was chairman of the Republican state committee in 1887 and 1888, and contributed much to the success of the Harrison ticket in New York in the latter year. He was treasurer of the Republican National Committee from 1892 to 1904. He turned down the offer of becoming United States Secretary of the Treasury under President McKinley, but he served as United States Secretary of the Interior in President William McKinley's cabinet from 1897 to 1899.
In 1900, he was invited to stand as President McKinley's vice-president. He refused the offer. The following year McKinley was assassinated and Roosevelt (who did accept the offer) became President.
On March 30, 1859, Bliss was married to Mary Elizabeth Plummer (1837–1923), the daughter of Hon. Avery Plummer of Boston. Together, they were the parents of four children, two who survived him:
Bliss' health began to fail in 1910. He spent the Summer of 1911 at his country home in Rumson, New Jersey, accompanied by his physician Arthur W. Bingham, but returned to New York City in September due to his frailty. He spent the last two weeks of his life at his residence at 29 East 37th Street before succumbing to heart disease at 7 pm on October 9, 1911. He is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, Bronx, New York.
|Party political offices|
Chester S. Cole
| Chairman of the New York
Republican State Committee
1887 – 1889
John N. Knapp
David Rowland Francis
| U.S. Secretary of the Interior
Served under: William McKinley
1897 – 1899
Ethan A. Hitchcock
was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1911th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 911th year of the 2nd millennium, the 11th year of the 20th century, and the 2nd year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1911, the Gregorian calendar was
13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
A highlight was the race for the South Pole.Anson Goodyear
Anson Conger Goodyear (June 20, 1877 – April 24, 1964) was an American manufacturer, businessman, author, and philanthropist and member of the Goodyear family. He is best known as a founder and first president of the Museum of Modern Art in New York.Battle of Sugar Point
The Battle of Sugar Point, or the Battle of Leech Lake, was fought on October 5, 1898 between the 3rd U.S. Infantry and members of the Pillager Band of Chippewa Indians in a failed attempt to apprehend Pillager Ojibwe Bugonaygeshig ("Old Bug" or "Hole-In-The-Day"), as the result of a dispute with Indian Service officials on the Leech Lake Reservation in Cass County, Minnesota.
Often referred to as "the last Indian Uprising in the United States", the engagement was also the first battle to be fought in the area of the United States known as the Old Northwest since the Black Hawk War in 1832. It is sometimes considered to be the last battle fought between Native Americans and the U.S. Army.
The last Medal of Honor issued during the Indian Wars was awarded to Private Oscar Burkard of the 3rd US Infantry Regiment.Bliss (surname)
Bliss is a surname. Notable people with the name include:
Aaron T. Bliss (1837–1906), U.S. Representative and Governor of Michigan
A. J. Bliss (1862–1931), British iris breeder
Alexa Bliss (born 1991), ring name of American professional wrestler Alexis Kaufman
Arthur Bliss (1891–1975), British composer
Atlanta Bliss (born c. 1952), American jazz trumpeter
Baron Bliss (1869–1926), British philanthropist in British Honduras
Bliss Carman (1861–1929), Canadian poet
Brian Bliss (born 1965), American soccer defender and coach
C. D. Bliss (1870–1948), American football player and coach
Caroline Bliss (born 1961), British actress
Charles K. Bliss (1897–1985), inventor of Blissymbols
Chester Ittner Bliss (1899–1979), biologist known for his contributions to statistics
Cornelius Newton Bliss (1833–1911), American merchant and politician
Daniel Bliss (1823–1916), American founder of the American University of Beirut
Dave Bliss (born 1943), American college basketball coach
Diana Bliss (1954–2012), Australian theatre producer
Doctor Willard Bliss (1825–1889), American physician
Dorothy Bliss (1916–1987), American carcinologist
Douglas Bliss (1900–1984), Scottish painter
Duane Leroy Bliss (1835–1910), American industrialist
Ed Bliss (1912-2002), American journalist
Edward Bliss (1865-1960), American missionary to China
Eleanor Albert Bliss (1899–1987), American bacteriologist
Frank Bliss (1852-1929), American baseball player
Franklyn Bliss Snyder (1884-1958), American educator and academic
Frederick J. Bliss (1857–1939), American archaeologist
George Bliss (disambiguation), multiple people
Gilbert Ames Bliss (1876–1951), American mathematician
Harry Bliss, American cartoonist
Henry E. Bliss (1870–1955), American librarian and inventor of the Bliss classification
Henry H. Bliss (1830–1899), first person killed in a motor vehicle accident in the United States
Ian Bliss, Australian actor
James Blish (1921–1975), American author of fantasy and science fiction
Johnny Bliss (1922–1974), Australian rugby league footballer
Karen Bliss (born 1963), American cyclist
Laurie Bliss (1872–1942), American football player and coach in the United States
Lillie P. Bliss (1864–1931), American art collector and patron, founder of Metropolitan Museum of Art
Lucille Bliss (1916-2012), American actress and voice artist
Michael Bliss (born 1941), Canadian historian and award-winning author
Mike Bliss (born 1965), American NASCAR driver
Nathaniel Bliss (1700–1764), English astronomer
Philemon Bliss (1813–1889), U.S. Congressman and jurist
Philip Bliss (1838–1876), American hymn lyricist and composer
Philip Bliss (academic) (1787–1857), Registrar of the University of Oxford, etc.
Ray C. Bliss (1907–1981), one of the important national U.S
Richard Bliss, American telecommunications technician arrested in Russia on charges of espionage.
Ryan Bliss (born 1971), American digital artist
Sister Bliss (born 1970), British keyboardist, record producer, DJ, composer and songwriter
Stephen Bliss (1787–1847), American minister and politician
Sylvester Bliss (1814–1863), Millerite minister and editor
Timothy Vivian Pelham Bliss (born 1940), British neuroscientist
Thomas Bliss (born 1952), motion picture producer and executive producer
Tasker H. Bliss (1853–1930), U.S. Army officer
William Dwight Porter Bliss (1856–1926), American religious leader and activist
William Henry Bliss (1835–1911), English scholar
William Wallace Smith Bliss (1815–1853), U.S. Army Officer
Zenas Bliss (1835–1900), U.S. Army General and Medal of Honor recipientCornelius Newton Bliss Jr.
Cornelius Newton Bliss Jr. (April 15, 1875 – April 5, 1949) was an American merchant, political organizer, and philanthropist.Indian Congress
The Indian Congress occurred from August 4 to October 31, 1898 in Omaha, Nebraska, in conjunction with the Trans-Mississippi International Exposition. Occurring within a decade of the end of the Indian Wars, the Indian Congress was the largest gathering of American Indian tribes of its kind to that date. Over 500 members of 35 different tribes attended, including the Apache chief Geronimo, who was being held at Fort Sill as a United States prisoner of war.Frank A. Rinehart's photographs of the Indian Congress participants are regarded as one of the best photographic documentations of American Indian leaders around the start of the 20th century.Jekyll Island Club
The Jekyll Island Club was a private club on Jekyll Island, on Georgia's Atlantic coast. It was founded in 1886 when members of an incorporated hunting and recreational club purchased the island for $125,000 (about $3.1 million in 2017) from John Eugene du Bignon. The original design of the Jekyll Island Clubhouse, with its signature turret, was completed in January 1888. The club thrived through the early 20th century; its members came from many of the world's wealthiest families, most notably the Morgans, Rockefellers, and Vanderbilts. The club closed at the end of the 1942 season due to complications from World War II. In 1947, after five years of funding a staff to keep up the lawn and cottages, the island was purchased from the club's remaining members for $675,000 (about 7.4 million in 2017) during condemnation proceedings by the state of Georgia.
The State tried operating the club as a resort, but this was not financially successful and the entire complex was closed by 1971. The complex was designated a historic landmark in 1978.
It was restored and reopened as a luxury resort hotel in 1985. Today, Jekyll Island Club Hotel is a member of Historic Hotels of America, the official program of the National Trust for Historic Preservation.John Kendrick Bangs
John Kendrick Bangs (May 27, 1862 – January 21, 1922) was an American author, humorist, editor and satirist.Lillie P. Bliss
Lizzie Plummer Bliss (April 11, 1864 in Boston – March 12, 1931 in New York City), known as Lillie P. Bliss, was an American art collector and patron. At the beginning of the 20th century, she was one of the leading collectors of modern art in New York. One of the lenders to the landmark Armory Show in 1913, she also contributed to other exhibitions concerned with raising public awareness of modern art. In 1929, she played an essential role in the founding of the Museum of Modern Art. After her death, 150 works of art from her collection served as a foundation to the museum and formed the basis of the in-house collection. These included works by artists such as Paul Cézanne, Georges Seurat, Paul Gauguin, Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso and Amedeo Modigliani.Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock
Lone Wolf v. Hitchcock, 187 U.S. 553 (1903), was a United States Supreme Court case brought against the US government by the Kiowa chief Lone Wolf, who charged that Native American tribes under the Medicine Lodge Treaty had been defrauded of land by Congressional actions in violation of the treaty.
The Court declared that the "plenary power" of the United States Congress gave it authority to abrogate treaty obligations between the United States and Native American tribes unilaterally. The decision marked a departure from the holdings of Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, 30 U.S. 1 (1831), and Worcester v. Georgia, 31 U.S. 515 (1832), which had shown greater respect for the autonomy of Native American tribes.M.C.D. Borden
Matthew Chaloner Durfee Borden (July 18, 1842 – May 27, 1912) (commonly referred to as M.C.D. Borden), was a textile leader from Fall River, Massachusetts who, in 1880 reorganized the failed American Print Works into the American Printing Company. In the years that followed, his company would grow to become the largest cloth-printing company in the world, earning him the nickname "the Calico King". His father was Colonel Richard Borden, who founded the Fall River Iron Works.Presidency of William McKinley
The presidency of William McKinley began on March 4, 1897, when William McKinley was inaugurated and ended with his death on September 14, 1901. He is best known for leading the nation to victory in the Spanish–American War, taking ownership of Hawaii, purchasing the Philippines, Guam and Puerto Rico, restoring prosperity, and promoting pluralism among all groups. It includes the 1897 Dingley Tariff to protect manufacturers and factory workers from foreign competition, and the Gold Standard Act of 1900 that rejected free silver inflationary proposals. Rapid economic growth and a decline in labor conflict also marked the presidency.
The 25th United States president, McKinley took office following the 1896 presidential election, in which he defeated Democrat William Jennings Bryan. In the campaign, McKinley advocated "sound money", promised that high tariffs would restore prosperity, and denounced Bryan as a radical who promoted class warfare. He defeated Bryan again in the 1900 presidential election, in a campaign focused on imperialism in the Philippines, high tariffs, and free silver. McKinley's presidency marked the beginning of an era in American political history, called the "Fourth Party System" or "Progressive Era," which lasted from the mid–1890s to the early 1930s. On the national level, this period was generally dominated by the Republican Party.
In 1897–98, the most pressing issue was an insurrection in Cuba against repressive Spanish colonial rule which had been worsening for years. Americans sympathized with the rebels and demanded action to resolve the crisis. The administration tried to persuade Spain to liberalize its rule but when negotiations failed, both sides wanted war. American victory in the Spanish–American War was quick and decisive. During the war the United States took temporary possession of Cuba; it was promised independence but it remained under the control of the U.S. Army throughout McKinley's presidency. The status of the Philippines was heavily debated, and became an issue in the 1900 election, with Democrats opposed to American ownership. McKinley decided it needed American protection and it remained under U.S. control until the 1940s. As a result of the war, the United States also took permanent possession of Guam and Puerto Rico. Under Mckinley's leadership, the United States also annexed the independent Republic of Hawaii in 1898. Unlike the other new possessions, citizens of Hawaii became American citizens and Hawaii became a territory with an appointed governor. McKinley's foreign policy created an overseas empire and put the U.S. on the world's list of major powers.
In 1897 the economy rapidly recovered from the severe depression, called the Panic of 1893. McKinley's supporters in 1900 argued that the new high tariff and the commitment to the gold standard were responsible. Historians looking at his domestic and foreign policies typically rank McKinley as an "above average" president. Historian Lewis L. Gould argues that McKinley was "the first modern president":
He was a political leader who confirmed the Republicans as the nation's majority party; he was the architect of important departures in foreign policy; and he was a significant contributor to the evolution of the modern presidency. On these achievements rest his substantial claims as an important figure in history of the United States.