Cormac Murphy-O'Connor

Cormac Murphy-O'Connor (24 August 1932 – 1 September 2017) was a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, Archbishop of Westminster and President of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of England and Wales. He was made cardinal by Pope John Paul II in 2001. He submitted his resignation as archbishop on reaching his 75th birthday in 2007; Pope Benedict XVI accepted it on 3 April 2009.

By virtue of his position as Archbishop of Westminster, Murphy-O'Connor was sometimes referred to as the Catholic Primate of England and Wales. However, though the holders within the Church of England of the posts of Archbishop of Canterbury and Archbishop of York are called the "Primate of All England" and "Primate of England" respectively, the title of primate has never been used by the de facto leaders of the Catholic Church in England and Wales.


Cormac Murphy-O'Connor
Cardinal
Archbishop of Westminster
Cardinal Cormac Murphy O'Connor
Appointed15 February 2000
Installed22 March 2000
Term ended3 April 2009
PredecessorBasil Hume
SuccessorVincent Nichols
Other postsCardinal-Priest of S. Maria sopra Minerva
Orders
Ordination28 October 1956
by Valerio Valeri
Consecration21 December 1977
by Michael Bowen
Created cardinal21 February 2001
by John Paul II
RankCardinal-Priest
Personal details
Birth nameCormac Murphy-O'Connor
Born24 August 1932
Reading, Berkshire, England, United Kingdom
Died1 September 2017 (aged 85)
Westminster, London, England, United Kingdom
BuriedWestminster Cathedral
NationalityBritish
DenominationRoman Catholic
ParentsGeorge and Ellen Murphy-O'Connor
Previous post
MottoGaudium et Spes
Coat of armsCormac Murphy-O'Connor's coat of arms

Early life

Cormac Murphy-O'Connor was born on 24 August 1932 in Reading, Berkshire,[1] the fifth son of George Murphy-O'Connor, a G.P., and Ellen (née Cuddigan; died 1971),[2] who emigrated from County Cork in Ireland before the First World War and married in 1921.[3] The Murphy-O'Connor family was middle class, with the men becoming doctors or priests, and one in each generation taking over the family business as wine merchants 'to the clergy and gentry of Southern Ireland'.[4] A forebear, Daniel Murphy, became the first Archbishop of Hobart, Tasmania, in 1888, having served as a bishop there since 1865.[4] Two of his uncles, one aunt, two cousins and two of his brothers, Brian (1930–2012)[5][6] and Patrick, were also ordained or members of religious orders. His youngest brother, John, was a regular officer in the Royal Artillery who died of renal cell carcinoma;[7] he had two other siblings, James (a doctor and rugby player) and Catherine. His cousin, Jerome Murphy-O'Connor, was a Dominican priest and expert on St Paul who served as Professor of New Testament at the École Biblique in Jerusalem from 1967 to his death in 2013.[4] After attending Presentation College in Reading and Prior Park College in Bath, in 1950 Murphy-O'Connor followed his brother Brian to the Venerable English College in Rome and began his studies for the priesthood, where he received a degree in theology. Thereafter, he earned a licentiate in philosophy and a Licentiate of Sacred Theology degree from the Pontifical Gregorian University. He was ordained on 28 October 1956, by Cardinal Valerio Valeri. For the next decade he was engaged in pastoral ministry in Portsmouth and Fareham.[1]

Church career

Parish priest

In 1966, Murphy-O'Connor became the private secretary to Bishop Derek Worlock of Portsmouth.[8] In September 1970, he was appointed parish priest of the Immaculate Conception church in Portswood, Southampton.[8] Soon afterwards, in late 1971, he was appointed rector of the Venerable English College,[1] his alma mater. As rector he hosted the Anglican Archbishop of Canterbury, Donald Coggan, on his historic visit to Pope Paul VI in 1977.[8]

Bishop

On 17 November 1977, Murphy-O'Connor was named Bishop of Arundel and Brighton by Pope Paul VI.[8] He received his episcopal consecration on the following 21 December from Bishop Michael Bowen,[9] with Archbishop George Dwyer and Bishop Anthony Emery serving as co-consecrators. He held important positions among the bishops of Europe and has also been consistently influential in ecumenical work; from 1982 to 2000 he was Co-Chairman of the Anglican–Roman Catholic International Commission.[10] In 2000 he was awarded the Lambeth degree of Doctor of Divinity by the Archbishop of Canterbury, George Carey, in recognition of his work for Christian unity.[10]

Archbishop and cardinal

Styles of
Cormac Murphy-O'Connor
Coat of arms of Cormac Murphy-O'Connor
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence or My Lord Cardinal
Informal styleCardinal
SeeWestminster (emeritus)

Murphy-O'Connor was appointed the tenth Archbishop of Westminster, and thus head of the Catholic Church in England and Wales, on 15 February 2000; in November of that year he was elected President of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of England and Wales.[9]

In the consistory of 21 February 2001 he was created Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria sopra Minerva by Pope John Paul II.[8]

He was appointed to four curial organisations: the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, the Administration of the Patrimony of the Holy See, the Pontifical Council for the Study of Organisational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, and the Pontifical Council for the Family. He also served on the Pontifical Councils for Culture and for Laity, and was secretary of the Vox Clara commission which oversees the translating of liturgical texts from Latin into English.[9]

Murphy-O'Connor belonged to a group of approximately a dozen like-minded cardinals and bishops – all Europeans – who met annually from 1995 to 2006 in St. Gallen, Switzerland, to discuss reforms with respect to the appointment of bishops, collegiality, bishops' conferences, the primacy of the papacy and sexual morality; they differed among themselves, but shared the view that Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger was not the sort of candidate they hoped to see elected at the next conclave.[11][12]

In August 2001, Murphy-O'Connor was created a Freeman of the City of London.[13]

In January 2002, he preached during the Anglican morning service at Sandringham, the first time a Roman Catholic prelate delivered a sermon to an English monarch since 1680.[14] In 2002, in Westminster Abbey, he was the first cardinal to read prayers at an English Royal Funeral Service (for the Queen Mother) since 1509.[10] In 2002 he had his portrait painted for Westminster Cathedral by the artist Christian Furr.[15] In advance of the 2005 papal conclave, where Murphy-O'Conner served as a cardinal elector, Cardinal Achille Silvestrini told reporters to watch for Murphy-O'Connor to emerge as a possible new pope.[16] He was ineligible to participate in the 2013 conclave due to being aged over 80.[17]

On 28 October 2006, Murphy-O'Connor celebrated 50 years of ordination with a Jubilee Mass in Westminster Cathedral.[18]

Retirement

Shortly before reaching the mandatory retirement age of 75, Murphy-O'Connor submitted his resignation as Archbishop of Westminster to Pope Benedict XVI, who asked that Murphy-O'Connor remain in his position "until he chooses otherwise".[19] On 3 April 2009 Benedict appointed Vincent Nichols as Murphy-O'Connor's replacement. All Murphy O'Connor's predecessors died in office, so he was the first Archbishop Emeritus of Westminster. He lived the remainder of his life in semi-retirement in Duke's Avenue, Chiswick, London.[9]

On 30 October 2009, Pope Benedict appointed Murphy-O'Connor a member of the Congregation for Bishops, a post he held until his 80th birthday. It was unusual to receive such an appointment after retirement.[20][21]

In June 2010, after the Ryan Report and Murphy Report on the abuses by the Catholic Church in Ireland, Murphy-O'Connor was named along with others to oversee the apostolic visitation of certain dioceses and seminaries. Murphy-O'Connor was named as the Visitor to the Diocese of Armagh and its suffragan sees.[10]

Murphy-O'Connor, in a speech delivered on 17 May 2012 in Leicester's Anglican cathedral, said, "In the name of tolerance it seems to me tolerance is being abolished." He said:

Our danger in Britain today is that so-called Western reason claims that it alone has recognized what is right and thus claims a totality that is inimical to freedom ...

No one is forced to be a Christian. But no one should be forced to live according to the new secular religion as if it alone were definitive and obligatory for all humankind ...

The propaganda of secularism and its high priests wants us to believe that religion is dangerous for our health. It suits them to have no opposition to their vision of a brave new world, the world which they see as somehow governed only by people like themselves.[22]

He died of cancer on 1 September 2017 after an extended hospital stay.[23] He was buried under the 10th Station of the Cross in Westminster Cathedral. As he was the 10th Archbishop of Westminster, and alsdo because this station is directly opposite the Chapel of St Patrick, he was buried here in accordance with his wishes due to his Irish connection with County Cork in Ireland.

Views

Abuse scandal

Murphy-O'Connor found himself subject to public scrutiny regarding a priest in his diocese when he was Bishop of Arundel and Brighton. During this time it was brought to his attention that a priest, Michael Hill, was a sexual abuser of children. In 2000, when Murphy O'Connor became Archbishop of Westminster, the case became known to the general public.[24]

Response to Summorum Pontificum

In July 2007, Murphy-O'Connor welcomed Pope Benedict XVI's relaxation of restrictions on the use of the 1962 Roman Missal. He said:

I welcome the Holy Father's call for unity within the Church and especially toward those who are very attached to celebrating the Mass according to the Missal of 1962. We are confident that the provisions already made throughout England and Wales under the indult granted back in 1971 go a significant way toward meeting the requirements of the new norms.[25]

When he issued a letter implementing the pope's rules to the clergy of his diocese in November, he was criticized in some quarters for requiring parish priests to request permission before Mass could be celebrated in that traditional form.[26]

AIDS prevention

On 3 December 2006, Murphy-O'Connor issued a response to a statement made by Prime Minister Tony Blair on World AIDS Day (1 December 2006) in which Blair said, "The danger is if we have a sort of blanket ban from religious hierarchy saying it's wrong to do it, then you discourage people from doing it in circumstances where they need to protect their lives." In response to this Murphy-O'Connor said,

I think what I would like to say to the prime minister is that it would be much better if he used that money to provide more antiretroviral drugs – medicines – for the millions of children, women who are affected. I speak to bishops in Africa and they tell me that their dioceses are flooded with condoms and I said, "Well, has it affected?" They said, "Well, sad to say it has meant more promiscuity and more AIDS".[27]

Status of immigrants

On 7 May 2007 Murphy-O'Connor addressed a crowd of undocumented aliens in Trafalgar Square in support of the Strangers into Citizens campaign, which advocates a path to citizenship for undocumented workers. Previously he had commissioned major research on the pastoral challenges migrants present in his parishes, which received widespread press coverage when published as The Ground of Justice.[28][29]

Adoption by same-sex couples

In early 2007, Murphy-O'Connor sent a letter to Blair opposing pending regulations extending to same-sex couples the right to adopt on the same basis as different-sex couples. He said that the law would force people to "act against the teaching of the Church and their own consciences" with regard to Catholic adoption agencies and requested an exemption from the law. He continued:

We believe it would be unreasonable, unnecessary and unjust discrimination against Catholics for the government to insist that if they wish to continue to work with local authorities, Catholic adoption agencies must act against the teaching of the Church and their own consciences by being obliged in law to provide such a service.[30]

Family planning

Murphy-O'Connor denounced contraception and abortion many times. In February 2008 he ordered the board of St John and St Elizabeth's Hospital, a Catholic hospital partly funded by the NHS, to resign because its general practice prescribed the morning-after pill and issued abortion referrals.[31]

In February 2013 Murphy-O'Connor said that, while a radical departure from previous teaching was not likely, it would be "wise" to focus on "what's good and what's true" about marriage and family life instead. He said:

I think that every Pope will face what needs to be faced and with regard to contraception I think the Pope won't say the Church has been wrong the whole time. He'll be saying there are ways ... I think the Pope will be as every other Pope has, particularly Pope Benedict, understanding that the fundamental teaching on sexuality is concentrated on marriage, on family life. I think that the Church would be wise actually to focus on that in her teaching, rather than saying "we condemn this, we condemn that, or the other". No – focus on what's good and what's true.[32]

Embryo bill

In March 2008 Murphy-O'Connor joined Cardinal Keith O'Brien of Scotland in opposing the government's proposed embryology bill. The government had instructed its MPs to vote for the bill, which angered some Catholic MPs. Murphy-O'Connor said "Certainly, there are some aspects of this bill on which I believe there ought to be a free vote, because Catholics and others will want to vote according to their conscience." The government gave in to the pressure and promised to allow MPs a free vote.[33]

Atheism

In 2008 Murphy-O'Connor urged Christians to treat atheists and agnostics with deep esteem, "because the hidden God is active in their lives as well as in the lives of those who believe".[34] However, in 2009, speaking after Archbishop Vincent Nichols' installation, he said that a lack of faith is "the greatest of evils."[35][36]

Distinctions

References

  1. ^ a b c Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor: recession may be jolt that selfish Britain needs. The Times. (8 September 2013).
  2. ^ Stanford, Peter (1 September 2017). "Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  3. ^ Compass – ABC TV Religion | Stories. Australian Broadcasting Corporation.au (15 October 2006).
  4. ^ a b c Heren, Patrick (June 2015). "Unturbulent Priest". Standpoint. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  5. ^ "Canon Brian Murphy-O'Connor" (PDF). Diocese of Portsmouth. 20 June 2012. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  6. ^ Association, Catholic. (11 June 2012) Catholic Association Pilgrimage News: Canon Brian Murphy-O’Connor. Catholicassociation.blogspot.co.uk.
  7. ^ Death certificate ref:1960-Dec-Westminster-05c-379
  8. ^ a b c d e "Obituary:Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor". BBC. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  9. ^ a b c d "Obituary: Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor". Independent Catholic News. 1 September 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  10. ^ a b c d "Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor dies aged 85". Catholic Herald. 1 September 2017. Retrieved 2 Sep 2017.
  11. ^ Pentin, Edward (24 September 2015). "Cardinal Danneels Admits to Being Part of 'Mafia' Club Opposed to Benedict XVI". National Catholic Register. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  12. ^ Pentin, Edward (26 September 2015). "Cardinal Danneels' Biographers Retract Comments on St. Gallen Group". National Catholic Register. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  13. ^ "Previous Archbishops Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor". Diocese of Westminster. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  14. ^ "CARDINAL CORMAC MURPHY-O'CONNOR DIES PEACEFULLY Surrounded by Family and Friends". The Tablet. 1 September 2017. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  15. ^ "Cardinal Cormac Murphy O'Connor Westminster Cathedral by Christian Furr". 7 August 2007. Archived from the original on 7 August 2007. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  16. ^ Kaiser, Robert Blair (2006). A Church in Search of Itself: Benedict XVI and the Battle for the Future. Knopf. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  17. ^ "Obituary - Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor". The Times. 1 September 2017. Retrieved 2 September 2017. At 80, he was no longer eligible to enter the conclave, but, thought by some to be a king-maker, he was spied eating risotto with the future Pope.
  18. ^ "50 Years of Priesthood". Roman Catholic Diocese of Westminster. 30 October 2006. Retrieved 31 October 2009.
  19. ^ The Holy Father invites Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor to continue in his present pastoral ministry. Rcdow.org.uk (9 July 2007).
  20. ^ "Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor's new appointments in Rome". Roman Catholic Diocese of Westminster. 30 October 2009. Retrieved 31 October 2009.
  21. ^ "Rinunce e Nomine". Press Office of the Holy See (Press release) (in Italian). Press Office of the Holy See. 30 October 2009. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  22. ^ "UK Prelate Warns 'Tolerance Is Being Abolished'". ZENIT. 24 February 2018.
  23. ^ "Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor dies at 85". BBC News. 1 September 2017. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  24. ^ BBC Radio 4 Today programme. BBC.
  25. ^ "Bishops Welcome Summorum Pontificum". ZENIT. 8 July 2007. Retrieved 1 Sep 2017.
  26. ^ "Resistance to Latin Mass liberalization is disobedient and proud, says bishop". Catholic News Agency. 23 November 2007. Retrieved 1 Sep 2017.
  27. ^ "Church head makes Aids cash call". BBC News. 3 December 2006. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  28. ^ Francis Davis and Jolanta Stankeviciute, The Ground of Justice
  29. ^ Blackfriars Hall, University of Oxford Archived 9 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine. page
  30. ^ Tempest, Matthew (23 January 2007). "No 10 mulls Catholic opt-out from gay rights law". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
  31. ^ Butt, Riazat (22 February 2008). "Archbishop orders Catholic hospital board to resign in ethics dispute". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  32. ^ Ford Rojas, John-Paul (12 February 2013). "New Pope should not condemn contraception, says cardinal". The Telegraph. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  33. ^ "Cardinal adds to pressure for free vote over embryo bill". politics.co.uk. 23 March 2007. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  34. ^ "'Respect atheists', says cardinal". BBC News. 9 May 2008. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  35. ^ ''The Times'', 21 May 2009 (behind paywall). Thetimes.co.uk.
  36. ^ "Atheism 'is the greatest of all evils', says outgoing Archbishop of Westminster". The Freethinker. 21 May 2009. Retrieved 2 September 2017.
  37. ^ "His Eminence Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor invested into the Royal Order of Francis I". Constantinian.org.uk. Retrieved 3 September 2017.

External links

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Michael Bowen
Bishop of Arundel and Brighton
1977–2000
Succeeded by
Kieran Conry
Preceded by
Basil Hume
Archbishop of Westminster
2000–2009
Succeeded by
Vincent Nichols
Preceded by
Anastasio Ballestrero
Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria sopra Minerva
2001–2017
Vacant
Archbishop of Westminster

The Archbishop of Westminster heads the Roman Catholic Diocese of Westminster, in England. The incumbent is the Metropolitan of the Province of Westminster, Chief Metropolitan of England and Wales and, as a matter of custom, is elected President of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of England and Wales, and therefore de facto spokesman of the Catholic Church in England and Wales. All previous Archbishops of Westminster have become Cardinals.

Although all the bishops of the restored diocesan episcopacy took new titles, like that of Westminster, they saw themselves in continuity with the pre-Reformation Church and post-Reformation Vicars Apostolic and Titular Bishops. Westminster, in particular, saw itself as the continuity of Canterbury, hence the similarity of the coat of arms of the two Sees, with Westminster believing it has more right to it since it features the pallium, a distinctly Catholic symbol of communion with the Holy See.

Augustine Harris

Bishop Augustine Harris (27 October 1917 – 30 August 2007) was a Roman Catholic Bishop of Middlesbrough and former Auxiliary Bishop of Liverpool.

Thomas Augustine Harris was born in West Derby, a suburb of Liverpool, and was educated at St. Cecilia's Primary School and St. Francis Xavier's College, both in Liverpool. In 1933, he went to the Liverpool Archdiocesan Seminary at St Joseph's College, Upholland (which is no longer in existence) to study for the priesthood. On 30 May 1942, he was ordained by Archbishop Downey.

After six months as a curate at St Oswald's Church, Old Swan, Liverpool, he then served at St Elizabeth’s, Litherland (1943 to 1952), and then as Chaplain at Walton Prison. During his time at St Elizabeth’s he had an active Y.C.W. group and was chaplain to the local Catholic Social Guild. He was the English representative to the International Council of Senior Roman Catholic Prison Chaplains from 1957 to 1966.

He was a member of the Vatican Delegation to the United Nations' Quinquennial Congress on Crime in London (1960) and Stockholm (1965). Throughout his life, Bishop Harris maintained a personal interest in criminology and published a number of articles in this field.

On 11 February 1966, Augustine Harris was consecrated Bishop of Socia and Auxiliary Bishop of Liverpool by Archbishop George Beck in the crypt of the then unfinished Metropolitan Cathedral. A few months later Archbishop Beck had a severe heart attack, so the new bishop had to carry the administration of the largest archdiocese in the country, and the preparations for the imminent opening of the Metropolitan Cathedral. Harris was the principal consecrator of the Cathedral during Archbishop Beck's infirmity. As the first Roman Catholic Cathedral to be built in the 20th century in England, the event attracted international importance; it was featured on European TV.

On 20 November 1978, Msgr. Harris was appointed as Bishop of Middlesbrough. It was Pope John Paul II's first episcopal appointment in the British Isles. Among his many projects in Middlesbrough diocese, Bishop Harris carried out a major reorganisation of Catholic schools and established four diocesan pastoral centres which have responsibility for assisting the renewal of parish community life. As Bishop, he produced pamphlets including This Decade is Forever for the Decade of Evangelisation, and Serve the Lord with Gladness (his own personal motto) as a reflection of his years in the priesthood.

Bishop Harris acted very much in the ecumenical spirit engendered by Vatican II. While in Liverpool there were instances of his approval of Catholic priests assisting at the baptism of children of mixed confessional identity in Anglican churches with the baptism then registered of parish churches of both confessions.

He consecrated Middlesbrough's Cathedral in 1998 which incorporated many of his suggestions to the architect on the church design. In 1980 he promoted a free monthly diocesan newspaper, The Catholic Voice, which, as of 2009, continues to be published and distributed.

Bishop Harris served as liaison Bishop between the Bishops' Conference of England and Wales and the Prison Department at the Home Office, was Episcopal Moderator to the Federation Internationale des Associations Medicales Catholiques (1967 to 1976), and was President of the Commission for Social Welfare (1972 to 1984). He was Episcopal Chairman of the Commission for Radio and Television, President of UNDA (the Catholic broadcasters' association) in England and Wales, and a member of CRAC, the religious advisory body for the IBA and BBC.

Bishop Harris had a variety of broadcasting experience, including a series of appearances for Terry Wogan's BBC Radio 2 programme in 1974. On 16 October 2003, he led a live broadcast of "Morning Worship" on BBC Radio 4 to celebrate the Silver Jubilee of Pope John Paul II. In May 2007 he recorded a special half-hour programme for BBC Radio Merseyside on the occasion of the fortieth anniversary of the Metropolitan Cathedral of Christ the King, Liverpool. He was Chairman of the Department for Christian Responsibility and Citizenship. In his retirement he continued to write a regular column in the Liverpool Catholic Pictorial.

In January 1992, Pope John Paul II accepted Bishop Harris' resignation, tendered in anticipation of his 75th birthday in October 1992 (75 is the statutory retirement age for bishops). The resignation was accepted and Bishop Harris remained in office until his successor, Bishop John Crowley, was appointed in November 1992.

In his retirement Bishop Harris returned to his native Liverpool where he continued to serve the Church and administer the sacraments. To celebrate the 40th anniversary of his ordination as bishop, on 11 February 2006, Bishop Harris concelebrated Mass with Bishop John Crowley, his successor in Middlesbrough, and Msgr. Ricardo Morgan, at the time the Vicar General of the Diocese of Middlesbrough, in the chapel at Ince Blundell Hall where he has resided for the past few years.

On 22 June 2006, the formal celebration of this event was held in the Liverpool's Metropolitan Cathedral where Bishop Harris was joined by Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor, as well as, the Papal Nuncio, and twenty bishops, along with priests and lay people from the Liverpool and Middlesbrough dioceses. The homily was preached on that occasion by Cardinal Murphy-O'Connor.

In retirement Harris lived in Formby, and later at Ince Blundell Hall, where he died on 30 August 2007, aged 89.

Austen Ivereigh

Austen Ivereigh (born March 25, 1966) is a London-based Roman Catholic journalist, author, commentator and campaigner. A former deputy editor of The Tablet and later Director for Public Affairs of the former Archbishop of Westminster, Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor, he frequently appears on radio and TV programmes to comment in stories involving the Church.

Ivereigh is the founder and coordinator of Catholic Voices, which trains people to put the Catholic Church's case in the media, and regularly contributes to a number of magazines and newspapers such as America, Our Sunday Visitor, and The Guardian. For many years he has been connected to Citizens UK (formerly London Citizens) as the first leader of the "Strangers into Citizens" campaign, and was for a time lead organiser of West London Citizens. He is author of Faithful Citizens: a practical guide to community organising and Catholic social teaching, Catholic Voices: putting the Church's case in an era of 24-hour news, both published by Darton, Longman & Todd, and How to Defend the Faith Without Raising Your Voice (Our Sunday Visitor Press, 2012).

Baronius Press

Baronius Press is a traditional Catholic book publisher. It was founded in London, in 2002 by former St Austin Press editor Ashley Paver and other young Catholics who had previously worked in publishing and printing. The press takes its name from the Venerable Cardinal Cesare Baronius, a Neapolitan ecclesiastical historian who lived from 1538 to 1607. Its logo is a biretta, which together with a cassock forms the traditional image of a Catholic priest.The original objective of Baronius Press was to raise the quality of traditional Catholic books in order to make them more appealing to a wider audience. Baronius Press aimed to achieve this goal by retypesetting classic Catholic books (rather than republishing facsimiles) and binding them using high quality coverings such as leather. The advantages of retypesetting are clearer text and the ability to use modern layouts.The first publication of the Baronius Press was a new edition of the Douay–Rheims Bible. This was significant because no digitally typeset edition had been previously released. A pocket edition and a Psalms and New Testament edition followed, and, in 2007, a giant size format was added to the range. In 2008, their range of Bibles was expanded by a parallel Douay–Rheims / Clementine Vulgate, which included the appendix to the Old Testament which contained 3 & 4 Esdras and the Prayer of Manasseh.

In 2004, Baronius Press published a new 1962 missal in cooperation with the Priestly Fraternity of St. Peter, bearing an imprimatur from Bishop Fabian Wendelin Bruskewitz, for use at the traditional Roman mass. This was the first missal intended for use at the traditional mass with an imprimatur to be published in more than 35 years. A new edition coinciding with Pope Benedict XVI's 2007 motu proprio Summorum Pontificum was named the Motu Proprio edition of the 1962 Missal. It was noted in several Catholic newspapers and journals that it is currently the only 1962 Missal being published with a valid imprimatur.

Later in 2004, Baronius released a series of leather bound Catholic classics with the aim of expanding its range. By the end of 2006, the company had over 40 titles in print with the release of a new paperback series called Christian Classics.

Baronius published a new edition of the Little Office of the Blessed Virgin Mary that contained all of the relevant Gregorian chants in October 2007. It was the first book to contain the complete music for the office. Websites complained that it contained several minor errors, and a revised edition correcting these was published at the end of 2008. In April 2012, its much anticipated Latin-English Roman Breviary was published, having been granted an imprimatur by Bishop Fabian Bruskewitz. Both the Breviary and the Little Office published by Baronius conform to the editio typica of the Breviary of 1961.In October 2012, a complete edition of the Bible translated by Ronald Knox was published, with endorsements from Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor, Archbishop Vincent Nichols, and Anglican Archbishop Rowan Williams.

Cardinal Place

Cardinal Place is a retail and office development in London, near Victoria Station and opposite Westminster Cathedral. The site consists of three buildings covering over a million square feet on Victoria Street next door to Portland House, and was designed by EPR Architects and built by Sir Robert McAlpine.

The topping out ceremony was held in December 2004, and performed by Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor, Lord McAlpine, and Ian J. Henderson, outgoing chief executive of the site's developers Land Securities.

The £200m development was built directly over the District & Circle line Underground tunnels which actually pass through the basement. The buildings rest on rubber shock absorbers to prevent vibrations from the passing trains. The project includes 550,000 square feet (51,000 m2) of office space and 100,000 square feet (9,300 m2) of retail.

Tenants include Experian.

John Crowley (bishop)

John Patrick Crowley (born 23 June 1941 in Newbury, England) is a retired Roman Catholic bishop of Diocese of Middlesbrough, England, who carries the honorary title of Bishop Emeritus.

He was ordained a priest in 1965, and, as secretary to Cardinal Basil Hume, was appointed an auxiliary bishop, as titular Bishop of Tala, for the Archdiocese of Westminster, in 1986. In this post he had particular oversight of the diocese's parishes in Central London. On 3 November 1992 he became the 6th Bishop of Middlesbrough.

In June 2001 Crowley agreed to celebrate Mass at a service of thanksgiving for a 25-year homosexual partnership between two Catholics, but withdrew at the last minute after a telephone call from Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor, who reportedly asked him not to attend. There was further controversy in 2005 when, during a radio interview, Crowley expressed the hope that married priests might be allowed in the Church within his lifetime.His resignation from his post ten years before the customary date, which he said was due to the toll of pressures of leadership in a particularly challenging era for the Church, was accepted by the Holy See in accordance with canon 401 para. 2 of the Code of Canon Law ("because of illness or some other grave reason") in May 2007.As of 2012 he was based in the parish of Our Lady of Lourdes, in Wanstead, London

Life in Christ (document)

For the theological principle of following Jesus, please see Life in ChristLife in Christ is a 1993 ecumenical document that covers the topic of moral theology, especially as it relates to the relationship between the Anglican communion and the Roman Catholic Church.The document is historically relevant in that it presents the doctrinal views of the Church of England shortly before the latter began to accept the ordination of homosexuals and the ordination of women within its moral discipline.The text, which is signed by Cormac Murphy O'Connor on the Catholic side and Mark Santer on the Anglican side, also gives a valuable portrait of Catholic teaching surrounding marriage, and why it is regarded as indissoluble.Life in Christ was notably cited by Cardinal William Levada in his declaration on the motives for creating personal ordinariates for Anglicans entering the Catholic Church.

List of Christian universalists

This is a list of believers in Christian Universalism—specifically, Trinitarian Universalism prior to the 1961 creation of the Unitarian Universalist Association. Early Christians—from the second through fourth centuries—have been catalogued by scholars Hosea Ballou (Ancient History of Universalism, 1828), John Wesley Hanson (Universalism: The Prevailing Doctrine of the Christian Church During Its First Five Hundred Years, 1899), George T. Knight (The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, 1911), and Pierre Batiffol (Catholic Encyclopedia, 1914), but modern scholarship questions the claim that all of these individuals were believers in universal reconciliation. Some of those listed here may have simply believed in apokatastasis in the Jewish or early Christian sense, without any intention that all who had ever lived would be saved.

Several modern Christian theologians have been deemed "hopeful Universalists" for a belief in the possibility of universal reconciliation, but who did not claim it was a dogmatic fact—e.g. Karl Barth and Cormac Murphy-O'Connor.

List of Today programme guest editors

The Today programme on BBC Radio 4 in the UK has an annual week of guest editors over the Christmas and New Year period. This is the full list of the individuals involved.2003 guest editors:

Monica Ali,

Norman Tebbit

Thom Yorke

Gillian Reynolds

Stephen Hawking2004 guest editors:

Bono

Richard Branson

Anthony Minghella

Sarah Ferguson, The Duchess of York

Onora O'Neill, Baroness O'Neill of Bengarve2005 guest editors:

David Blunkett MP

Anna Ford,

Queen Noor of Jordan,

Steve Chandra Savale, - member of the band Asian Dub Foundation

Sir John Bond, Chairman of HSBC2006 guest editors:

Yoko Ono

Sir Clive Woodward

Zac Goldsmith

Rowan Williams

Allan Leighton2007 Guest Editors

Stella Rimington

Damon Albarn

Peter Hennessy

Sir Martin Evans

Richard Lewis, Samantha Gainard and Paul Amphlett of Dyfed-Powys Police as nominated by Today Programme Listeners.2008 Guest Editors

Zadie Smith

Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor

Jarvis Cocker

Sir Win Bischoff

Zaha Hadid2009 Guest Editors

Martin Rees

David Hockney

Tony Adams

PD James

Robert Wyatt

Shirley Williams2010 Guest Editors

Diana Athill

Colin Firth

Sam Taylor Wood

Richard Ingrams

Dame Clara Furse2011 Guest Editors

Sebastian Coe

Mo Ibrahim

Tracey Emin

Sir Victor Blank

Baroness Boothroyd

Stewart Lee2012 Guest Editors

Mass Observation

Sir Paul Nurse

Melinda Gates

Dame Ann Leslie

Benjamin Zephaniah

Al Murray2013 Guest Editors

Sir Tim Berners Lee

Michael Palin

Eliza Manningham Buller

Antony Jenkins

PJ Harvey2014 Guest Editors

John Bercow

Tracey Thorn

Mervyn King, Baron King of Lothbury

Lenny Henry

Elizabeth Butler-Sloss, Baroness Butler-Sloss2015 Guest Editors

Michael Sheen

Sir Bradley Wiggins

Miriam González Durántez

David Adjaye

Baroness Campbell

Lord Browne2016 Guest Editors

Nicola Adams

Carey Mulligan

Helena Morrissey

Sally Davies2017 Guest Editors

Tamara Rojo

Prince Harry

Ben Okri

Baroness Trumpington

AI Robot2018 Guest Editors

David Dimbleby

Kamila Shamsie

Martha Lane Fox

Angelina Jolie

Chidera Eggerue

Andrew Roberts

Outer Space

Mark O'Toole (bishop)

Mark O'Toole (born 22 June 1963) is a Roman Catholic Bishop and is the current Bishop of Plymouth.Born in London, England, he was ordained a priest on 9 June 1990 by Basil Hume for the Archdiocese of Westminster. Between 2002 and 2008 he served as the private secretary to Cormac Murphy-O'Connor before his appointment as the Rector of Allen Hall Seminary.On 9 November 2013, O'Toole was appointed the ninth Bishop of Plymouth by Pope Francis. He received his episcopal consecration on 28 January 2014.In O'Toole's homily during the Stella Maris Mass for seafarers on 25 September 2014 in Plymouth Cathedral, O'Toole expressed an affinity with the mission of the Apostleship of the Sea, the Catholic charity that provides pastoral and practical support to all seafarers. He said this was because his grandfather was something of a seafarer and fisherman who owned his own boat and made a living in trading goods and supplies off the West coast of Ireland.

Michael Bowen (bishop)

Michael George Bowen (born 1930) is a British prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Southwark from 1977 to 2003, having previously served as Bishop of Arundel and Brighton.

Michael Seed

Father Michael Seed (born 1957) is a Latin Rite Catholic priest, a Franciscan friar, author, and former Ecumenical Advisor for over 25 years to the former Archbishop of Westminster Cardinal Basil Hume then to Cormac Murphy-O'Connor. Seed is known for his involvement in helping several British celebrities, members of the Royal Family and politicians decide whether to convert to Catholicism.

Nolan Report (Catholic Church)

The Nolan Report is a report published in 2001 by Lord Nolan on the problem of clerical child abuse.In 2000, at the request of Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor, he investigated the issue of paedophile priests and child protection in the Catholic Church in England and Wales.As a result of this report, the Catholic Church in England and Wales formed an agency called COPCA (Catholic Office for the Protection of Children and Vulnerable Adults) to centrally manage CRB (Criminal Records Bureau) applications.His Vice-Chairman on the committee was a fellow Old Amplefordian, Sir Swinton Thomas.

Notre Dame School, Surrey

Notre Dame School is an independent Catholic girls day school located in Cobham, Surrey, England. The school includes both a preparatory school and a senior school.

St Dunstan's Church, Woking

St Dunstan's Church is a Roman Catholic Parish church in Woking, Surrey. At first, it was built in 1899. It was replaced by a larger church in 1923 and again in 2008. The most recent church was dedicated in 2008 by the Bishop of Arundel and Brighton and Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor. It is situated on the corner of Shaftesbury Road and Pembroke Road outside the centre of Woking. It is the only Catholic church in the town and is the centre of the deanery of Woking in the Diocese of Arundel and Brighton.

St James's Church, Reading

St James's Church is a Roman Catholic church situated in the centre of the town of Reading in the English county of Berkshire. The church is located next to Reading Abbey ruins, between the Forbury Gardens and Reading Gaol.

St James's Church continues the traditions of Reading Abbey in the post-Reformation era. Its founder was James Wheble, who owned land in the area at that time. The church was designed by the architect A. W. N. Pugin and is one of his first church designs. Parts of the church were built using stones from the Abbey ruins.The design of the church is Norman, a style not normally associated with Pugin, and was probably influenced by the proximity of the Abbey ruins. The exterior of the building is of flint, with ashlar dressings and a Roman tile roof. Construction started in 1837 and the church opened on 5 August 1840. In 1925, the south aisle and the ambulatory round the apse were added. In 1962, the church was further extended by a north aisle into which was relocated the baptistery. The church is a Grade II listed building.St James's Church, along with St William of York's Church, forms a joint parish within the Roman Catholic Diocese of Portsmouth. The current parish priest (since February 2010) is Canon John O'Shea. Sunday masses are well-attended often with standing room only; the parish boasts a large number of nationalities among its regular congregation.

Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor, Archbishop of Westminster from 2000 to 2009, was baptised in St James's and served at the altar there regularly as a boy.

Theos (think tank)

Theos (from the Greek: Θεος, theos, "God") is a religion and society think tank based in the United Kingdom which exists to undertake research and provide commentary on social and political arrangements. Theos aims to impact opinion around issues of faith and belief in society through research, publications, media engagement and events. Theos was launched in November 2006 with the support of the then Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, and the then Archbishop of Westminster, Cardinal Cormac Murphy O'Connor, and maintains an ecumenical position. Theos is based in central London.

Nick Spencer, Research Director at Theos has published a number of award winning books, including The Evolution of the West: How Christianity Shaped Our Values and Atheists: The Origin of the Species. His most recent book is The Political Samaritan: How Power Hijacked a Parable.

Vincent Nichols

Vincent Gerard Nichols (born 8 November 1945) is an English cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, Archbishop of Westminster and President of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of England and Wales. He previously served as Archbishop of Birmingham from 2000 to 2009. On 22 February 2014, Pope Francis admitted Nichols to the Sacred College of Cardinals at a general consistory.

Von Hügel Institute

The Von Hügel Institute (VHI) is an academic research institute based at St Edmund’s College, Cambridge, a constituent part of the University of Cambridge in England.

Founded in 1987, it is named after Anatole von Hügel (1854–1928), naturalist and co-founder (with the Henry Fitzalan-Howard, 15th Duke of Norfolk) of St Edmund’s College. It was established, according to the College's Ordinances, to 'preserve and develop the Roman Catholic tradition of the College' by carrying out research on Catholic Social Teaching, on the relationship between Christianity and society, and on issues of social justice.

The institute has been directed by Rev Chris Moss SJ, the Rev Frank McHugh, Rev Frank Carey WF, Professor David Bridges, Rev David Clark and Professor John Loughlin.

Professor Mary McAleese, former President of Ireland and Honorary Fellow of St Edmund's is a Patron of the VHI, alongside Professor Rowan Williams, Rt Rev Alan Hopes, Cardinal Cormac Murphy-O'Connor, and the Countess of St Andrews, Miss Sylvana Tomaselli.

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