Corliss Lamont

Corliss Lamont (March 28, 1902 – April 26, 1995) was an American socialist philosopher and advocate of various left-wing and civil liberties causes. As a part of his political activities he was the Chairman of National Council of American-Soviet Friendship starting from the early 1940s.

Corliss Lamont
Corliss Lamont 1934
Lamont in 1934
BornMarch 28, 1902
DiedApril 26, 1995 (aged 93)
CitizenshipAmerican
Alma materHarvard University, Columbia University
Occupationprofessor, philanthropist, political activist
Years active1928-1995
Known forsupport for Socialism, Popular Front, and civil liberties
Spouse(s)Margaret Hayes Irish (1), Helen Boyden Lamb (2), Beth Keehner (3)
Parent(s)Thomas Lamont, Flora Lamont
RelativesNed Lamont, Jonathan Heap
Websitecorliss-lamont.org

Career

Early years

Lamont was born in Englewood, New Jersey on March 28, 1902. He was the son of Florence Haskell (Corliss) and Thomas W. Lamont, a partner and later chairman at J.P. Morgan & Co. Lamont graduated as valedictorian of Phillips Exeter Academy in 1920, and magna cum laude from Harvard University in 1924. The principles that animated his life were first evidenced at Harvard, where he attacked university clubs as snobbery.[1] In 1924, he did graduate work at New College University of Oxford, where he roomed with Julian Huxley. The next year Lamont began graduate studies at Columbia University, where he studied under John Dewey. In 1928, he became a philosophy instructor there. He received his Ph.D. in philosophy in 1932 from Columbia.[2] Lamont taught at Columbia, Cornell, Harvard, and the New School for Social Research.

1930s

Lamont became a radical in the 1930s, moved by the Great Depression. He wrote a book about the Soviet Union and praised what he saw there: "The people are better dressed, food is good and plentiful, everyone seems confident, happy and full of spirit".[1] He became critical of the Soviets over time, but always thought their achievement in transforming a feudal society remarkable, even as he attacked its treatment of political dissent and lack of civil liberties.[1] Lamont's political views were Marxist and socialist for much of his life.

Lamont was one-time chairman of the Friends of the Soviet Union.[3]

Lamont began his 30 years as a director of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) in 1932. In 1934, he was arrested while on a picket line in Jersey City, New Jersey, part of a long battle between labor and civil rights activists and Frank Hague, the city's mayor. Lamont later wrote that he "learned more about the American legal system in one day .. than in one year at Harvard Law School".[4]

In 1936, Lamont helped found and subsidized the magazine Marxist Quarterly. When the Dewey Commission reported in 1937 that the Moscow trials of Leon Trotsky and others were fraudulent, Lamont, along with other left-wing intellectuals, refused to accept the Commission's findings. Under the influence of the Popular Front, Lamont and 150 other left-wing writers endorsed Stalin's actions as necessary for "the preservation of progressive democracy". Their letter warned that Dewey's work was itself politically motivated and charged Dewey with supporting reactionary views and "Red-baiting".[5] Lamont wrote an introduction to an anti-Polish pamphlet Behind the Polish-Soviet Break by Alter Brody.[6]

1940s

Lamont was a key founder of the National Council of American-Soviet Friendship (NCASF) (originally National Council on Soviet Relations or NCSR). (Other founders included: Professor Ralph Barton Perry of Harvard University and Edwin Seymour Smith.) He served as its first chairman from 1943 to 1947.

Lamont remained sympathetic to the Soviet Union well after World War II and the establishment of satellite Communist governments in Central and Eastern Europe. He authored a pamphlet entitled The Myth of Soviet Aggression in which he wrote:

The fact is, of course, that both the Truman and Eisenhower Administrations, in order to push their enormous armaments programs through Congress and to justify the continuation of the Cold War, have felt compelled to resort to the device of keeping the American people in a state of alarm over some alleged menace of Soviet or Communist origin.

1950s

Lamont ran for the U.S. Senate from New York, in 1952 on the American Labor ticket. He received 104,702 votes and lost to Republican Irving M. Ives.[7]

When called to testify in front of Senator Joseph McCarthy's Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations in 1953, he denied ever having been a Communist, but refused to discuss his beliefs or those of others, citing not the Fifth Amendment as so many others did but the First Amendment's guarantee of free speech.[1] The committee cited Lamont for contempt of Congress by a vote of 71 to 3 in August 1954. Some senators questioned McCarthy's authority and wanted a federal court to rule on it.[8] and in November Lamont donated $50,000 to create a $1,000,000 Bill of Rights Fund to support civil rights advocates, citing anti-Communist legislation, travel restrictions, and blacklisting in the entertainment industry.[9] That same month he challenged the subcommittee's authority in court.[10]

The same year, he penned Why I Am Not a Communist. Despite his allegiance to Marxism, he never joined the Communist Party USA, and supported the Korean War.[11]

In April 1955, Lamont withdrew from his role as a philosophy lecturer at Columbia University pending the outcome of these legal proceedings, and the university said it was Lamont's decision, made "without prior suggestion by any officer of the university".[12] Judge Edward Weinfeld of the U.S. District Court found the indictment against Lamont was faulty, but the government, rather than seek a new indictment, appealed that ruling.[13] A unanimous panel of the Court of Appeals agreed in 1955[14] and in 1956 the government chose not to appeal to the Supreme Court.[15]

As a director of the ACLU, Lamont had resisted attempts to purge the organization of Communists and, in 1954, he resigned his position because he felt the ACLU had not supported him in the face of McCarthy charges.[1] The complete record of the legal proceedings in Lamont's case against the McCarthy subcommittee was published in 1957.[16]

In 1951 and 1957, he was denied a passport by the State Department, which considered his application incomplete because he refused to answer a question about membership in the Communist Party.[17] He sued the State Department in June 1957 seeking a hearing on its action.[18] He obtained his passport in June 1958 following a Supreme Court decision in another case, Kent v. Dulles, and left the U.S. for a world tour in March 1959.[19]

He ran again for the U.S. Senate from New York in 1958 on the Independent-Socialist ticket. He received more than 49,000 votes[20] out of more than 5,500,000 cast and lost to Republican Kenneth B. Keating.[21]

In 1959, Lamont became an enthusiastic supporter of Fidel Castro and his revolutionary government in Cuba.[22][23]

1960s

In 1964, Lamont sued the Postmaster General for reading and, at times, refusing to deliver his mail under the anti-propaganda mail law of 1962, passed over the objections of the Department of Justice and the Post Office, that allowed the Postmaster General to destroy "communist political propaganda" sent from outside the United States unless the addressee says he wants to receive such mail. The statute did not apply to sealed correspondence, but was aimed at published materials. He lost a 2 to 1 decision in U.S. District Court, after the Post Office delivered one such item of mail, and he appealed to the Supreme Court, arguing that the single delivery was a subterfuge designed to moot his lawsuit while continue to interrupt his mail service.[24] On May 24, 1965, he won in the Supreme Court, which held unanimously in a decision in Lamont v. Postmaster General written by Justice William O. Douglas, that the law was unconstitutional.

It was the first time the Supreme Court invalidated a statute as a violation of the First Amendment's guarantee of freedom of speech. Lamont' attorney was Leonard B. Boudin, who worked on many civil liberties cases.[25] He won a similar lawsuit against the Central Intelligence Agency in federal court the same year.[1]

In the mid-1960s, he became chairman of the National Emergency Civil Liberties Committee, a position that he held until his death 30 years later.

Later life

In 1971, after a congressman called him an "identified member of the Communist Party, U.S.A.", Lamont issued a statement that "although it is no disgrace to belong to the Communist party, I have never even dreamed of joining it."[26] That same year, he financed Dorothy Day's visit to the Soviet Union and several other countries in Eastern Europe.[23][27]

In 1979, Lamont founded Half-Moon Foundation, Inc. Half-Moon Foundation was a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization and was incorporated in the state of New York. The Foundation was formed "to promote enduring international peace, support for the United Nations, the conservation of our country's natural environment, and to safeguard and extend civil liberties as guaranteed under the Constitution and the Bill of Rights."

Lamont was president emeritus of the American Humanist Association and in 1977 was named Humanist of the Year.

In 1981, he received the Gandhi Peace Award.

In 1998, Lamont received a posthumous Distinguished Humanist Service Award from the International Humanist and Ethical Union and he was one of the signers of the Humanist Manifesto.[28]

Personal life and death

In 1928, Lamont married Margaret Hayes Irish. They divorced in the early 1960s. In 1962, he married Helen Boyden Lamb; she died of cancer in 1975.[29] In 1986, Lamont married Beth Keehner; she survived his death.[1] He died at home in Ossining, New York, on April 26, 1995.[1]

Legacy

Following the deaths of his parents, Lamont became a philanthropist. He funded the collection and preservation of manuscripts of American philosophers, particularly George Santayana, as well as Rockwell Kent and John Masefield.[1]

He became a substantial donor to both Harvard and Columbia, endowing the latter's "Corliss Lamont Professor of Civil Liberties."[1]

He was the great-uncle of Ned Lamont, a 2006 Democratic Party nominee for Connecticut to the United States Senate, and current Governor of Connecticut.[30]

Writings

Lamont was a prolific author. He wrote, co-wrote, edited, or co-edited more than two dozen books and dozens of pamphlets, and wrote thousands of letters to newspapers, magazines, and journals on significant social issues during his lifelong campaign for peace and civil rights.

In 1935, he published The Illusion of Immortality (originally published in 1932 as Issues of Immortality: A Study in Implications), which was a revised version of his doctoral dissertation. According to James Leuba the book is considered to remain the standard work on the subject and shows conclusively that the arguments for immortality are totally insufficient.[31] Lamont argued that people can live satisfactory lives without belief in life after death and that human life may be recognized to be more precious if it is realized that it only comes once to each man.[32]

His most famous work is The Philosophy of Humanism (originally published in 1949 as Humanism as a Philosophy), now in its eighth edition. He also published intimate portraits of John Dewey, John Masefield, and George Santayana.

Books authored or co-authored by Corliss Lamont

  • A Humanist Funeral Service ISBN 0-87975-090-1 (revised by Beth K. Lamont and J. Sierra Oliva and republished in a Fourth Revised Edition in 2011 as A Humanist Funeral Service and Celebration ISBN 978-1-61614-409-8)
  • A Humanist Wedding Service ISBN 0-87975-000-6 Third Revised Edition 1981 (Previous editions: 1972, 1970) 29 pages
  • A Lifetime of Dissent (Buffalo, Prometheus Books, 1988, 414 pages) Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 88-15100 ISBN 0-87975-463-X
  • Freedom Is As Freedom Does: Civil Liberties in America (1956), foreword by Bertrand Russell, reprint Fourth ed. 1990, Continuum Publishing Company, ISBN 0-8264-0475-8; Third Printing, 1981 ISBN 0-8180-0350-2
  • Freedom of Choice Affirmed Third Revised Edition 1990 (Previous editions: 1969, 1967) Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 67-27793 (Third Revised Edition) ISBN 0-8264-0476-6 (Third Revised Edition)
  • Lover's Credo: Poems of Love (1972), 1983 edition: ISBN 0-87233-068-0, 1994: William L. Bauhan, ISBN 0-87233-114-8, Online version in HTML format
  • Remembering John Masefield Revised Edition 1991 (Previous edition: 1971) Introduction by Judith Masefield, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 91-4429 ISBN 0-8264-0478-2
  • Russia Day by Day: A Travel Diary (Co-authored with Margaret Lamont) (New York, Covici Friede, 1933)
  • Soviet Civilization (New York, Philosophical Library, 1952), Dedicated to Albert Rhys Williams
  • Illusion of Immortality, introduction by John Dewey, (1935), 5th edition 1990, Continuum Publishing Company, ISBN 0-8044-6377-8 (originally published in 1932 as Issues of Immortality: A Study in Implications)
  • The Independent Mind: Essays of a Humanist Philosopher (New York, Horizon Press, 1951, 187 pages)
  • The Peoples of the Soviet Union (New York, Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1946)
  • The Philosophy of Humanism, (1949), 1965 edition: Ungar Pub Co ISBN 0-8044-5595-3, 7th rev. edition 1990: Continuum Publishing Company, ISBN 0-8044-6379-4, 8th rev. edition (with gender neutral references by editors Beverley Earles and Beth K. Lamont) 1997 Humanist Press ISBN 0-931779-07-3, Online version in Adobe Acrobat PDF format (originally published in 1949 as Humanism as a Philosophy)
  • Voice in the Wilderness: Collected Essays of Fifty Years (Buffalo, Prometheus Books, 1974, 327 pages) Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 74-75351 ISBN 0-87975-060-X
  • Yes to Life: Memoirs of Corliss Lamont (1981), Horizon Press: ISBN 0-8180-0232-8, rev. edition 1991: ISBN 0-8264-0477-4 Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 91-4430
  • You Might Like Socialism: A Way of Life for Modern Man, (1939), (published with a re-introduction by Beth K. Lamont as Lefties Are In Their Right Minds on May 18, 2009 by Half-Moon Foundation, Inc. ISBN 978-0-578-00782-3 Online PDF version

Books edited or co-edited by Corliss Lamont

  • Albert Rhys Williams, September 28, 1883 - February 27, 1962: In Memoriam (1962, New York, Horizon Press)
  • Collected Poems of John Reed (Edited and with a Foreword by Corliss Lamont) (Westport, Conn., Lawrence Hill & Company, 1985)
  • "Dear Corliss": Letters from Eminent Persons (Buffalo, Prometheus Books, 1990, 202 pages)
  • Dialogue on George Santayana (Edited by Corliss Lamont with the assistance of Mary Redmer) (New York, Horizon Press, 1959)
  • Dialogue on John Dewey (Edited by Corliss Lamont with the assistance of Mary Redmer) (New York, Horizon Press, 1959)
  • Helen Lamb Lamont: A Memorial Tribute (New York, Horizon Press, 1976)
  • Letters of John Masefield to Florence Lamont (Edited by Corliss Lamont and Lansing Lamont) (New York, Columbia University Press, 1979, ISBN 978-0231047067; New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 1980, ISBN 978-0333257555)
  • Man Answers Death: An Anthology of Poetry With an Introduction by Louis Untermeyer (New York, Philosophical Library, 1952)
  • Studies on India and Vietnam (Written by Helen B. Lamb and Edited by Corliss Lamont) (New York, Monthly Review Press, 1976, ISBN 978-0853453840)
  • The Thomas Lamonts in America with Recollections and Poems by John Masefield (originally published in 1962 as The Thomas Lamont Family) (Cranbury, New Jersey, A. S. Barns and Co., Inc. and London, England, Thomas Yoseloff Ltd, 1971, ISBN 0-498-07882-5)
  • The Trial of Elizabeth Gurley Flynn by the American Civil Liberties Union (Edited and with an Introduction by Corliss Lamont) (New York, Horizon Press, 1968) (Modern Reader/Monthly Review Press, 1969)

Basic Pamphlets series

Aside from books, over the course of more than a half-century, Corliss Lamont authored, co-authored, or edited approximately three dozen pamphlets on a variety of subjects. Prominent among these was the Basic Pamphlets series, privately published by Dr. Lamont and sold directly by him through mail order via a local post office box in New York. There were 29 numbered titles in the Basic Pamphlets series, listed below by pamphlet number.

  1. Are We Being Talked Into War? (1952)
  2. The Civil Liberties Crisis (1952)
  3. The Humanist Tradition (1952, 16 pages - Second Printing, 1955)
  4. Effects of American Foreign Policy (1952, 40 pages)
  5. Back to the Bill of Rights
  6. The Myth of Soviet Aggression (Second, revised edition, December 1953, 16 pages)
  7. Challenge to McCarthy (February 1954, 32 pages)
  8. The Congressional Inquisition (May 1954, 36 pages)
  9. The Assault on Academic Freedom (1955)
  10. The Right to Travel (December 1957, 44 pages)
  11. To End Nuclear Bomb Tests [Co-authored by Margaret I. Lamont] (1958, 44 pages)
  12. A Peace Program for the U.S.A. (1959, 24 pages - Second printing, March 1959)
  13. My Trip Around The World (1960, 48 pages)
  14. The Crime Against Cuba [Mary Redmer, Editor] (June 1961, 40 pages)
  15. My First Sixty Years (1962, 52 pages - Second printing, February 1963)
  16. The Enduring Impact of George Santayana (1964)
  17. The Tragedy of Vietnam: Where Do We Go from Here? [Authored by Helen Boyden Lamont née Helen B. Lamb] (1964, 50 pages)
  18. Vietnam: Corliss Lamont vs. Ambassador Lodge (1967, 32 pages)
  19. How To Be Happy — Though Married (1973, 24 pages)
  20. The Meaning of Vietnam and Cambodia [Co-authored by Helen Lamb Lamont] (1975)
  21. Trip to Communist China — An Informal Report (1976, 28 pages)
  22. Adventures In Civil Liberties (1977, 28 pages)
  23. Immortality: Myth Or Reality? (1978, 36 pages)
  24. Resolute Radical At 83 - later published as Steadfast Activist at 84 (1985, 40 pages)
  25. The Right to Know: The Civil Liberties Campaign Against Secrecy in Government [Corliss Lamont, Editor] (December 1986, 40 pages)
  26. Jesus As A Free Speech Victim: Trial by Terror 2000 Years Ago [Authored by Clifford J. Durr, Introduction by Corliss Lamont, published on behalf of the National Emergency Civil Liberties Committee (NECLC)] (Fourth Edition, 1987, 24 pages)
  27. The Assurance Of Free Choice (September 1987, 40 pages)
  28. Panama—Operation Injustice [Compiled and Written by Corliss Lamont and Beth Lamont] (1990, 16 pages)
  29. Persian Gulf Crisis—UN Peace Negotiations; No To War! [Written and Edited by Corliss Lamont and Beth Lamont] (1990, 24 pages)

Other Pamphlets

In addition to the Basic Pamphlets series, Corliss Lamont also wrote a number of other pamphlets, a partial list of which appears below.

  • On Understanding Soviet Russia (New York, Friends of the Soviet Union, 1934, 32 pages) Online PDF version
  • Socialist Planning in Soviet Russia (New York, Friends of the Soviet Union, 1935, 40 pages)
  • Soviet Russia and Religion (New York, International Pamphlets, 1936, 24 pages)
  • Soviet Russia versus Nazi Germany: A study in contrasts (New York, The American Council on Soviet Relations, First Edition August 1941 - Second Edition March 1942, 52 pages)
  • Soviet Russia and the Post-War World (New York, National Council of American-Soviet Friendship, First Edition May 1943 - Second Edition May 1944, 36 pages)
  • Soviet Aggression: Myth or Reality? (New York, self-published, June 1951, 16 pages)
  • Why I am not a Communist (New York, self-published, January 1952, 20 pages)

Sound Recordings

  • Author Corliss Lamont Sings For His Family & Friends, a Medley of Favorite Hit Songs from American Musicals includes 36 musical selections (Smithsonian Folkways, 1977, Stock Number FW03567)

Video

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j McFadden, Robert D. "Corliss Lamont Dies at 93; Socialist Battled McCarthy". New York Times. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
  2. ^ Corliss Lamont, Steadfast Activist at 84. New York: Basic Pamphlets, 1984; p. 4
  3. ^ Hook, Sidney (2015). Letters of Sidney Hook: Democracy, Communism and the Cold War. Routledge. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
  4. ^ Walker, Samuel (1990). In Defense of American Liberties: A History of the ACLU. Oxford University Press. p. 110.
  5. ^ Warren, Frank A. (1966). Liberals and Communism: The "Red Decade" Revisited. Indiana University Press. pp. 168–9.
  6. ^ Introduction by Corliss Lamont
  7. ^ "Final State Count Gives Record Vote" (PDF). New York Times. December 9, 1952. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
  8. ^ Lawrence, W.H. (August 17, 1954). "Senate for Citing 3 M'Carthy [sic] Foes" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
  9. ^ "Corliss Lamont Establishes Fund" (PDF). New York Times. November 5, 1954. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
  10. ^ "Lamont Files Motion" (PDF). New York Times. November 24, 1954. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
  11. ^ Rothbard, Murray N.. Confessions of a Right-Wing Liberal, Ludwig von Mises Institute
  12. ^ "Lamont Steps Out of Columbia Job" (PDF). New York Times. April 29, 1955. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
  13. ^ "U.S. Files Appeal in Lamont Case" (PDF). New York Times. September 8, 1955. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
  14. ^ "Lamont is Upheld in Appeals Court" (PDF). New York Times. August 15, 1956. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
  15. ^ "Lamont Case Dropped" (PDF). New York Times. October 16, 1956. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
  16. ^ Cahn, Edmond (October 13, 1957). "Legislators and Liberty" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
  17. ^ "Lamont Loses Suit to Get a Passport" (PDF). New York Times. January 14, 1958. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
  18. ^ "Corliss Lamont Sues to Obtain Passport" (PDF). New York Times. June 19, 1957. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
  19. ^ "Lamont on World Tour" (PDF). New York Times. April 3, 1959. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
  20. ^ McFADDEN, ROBERT D. (1995-04-28). "Corliss Lamont Dies at 93; Socialist Battled McCarthy". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-01-17.
  21. ^ Dales, Douglas (November 5, 1958). "Keating Wins Senate Post" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved February 12, 2014.
  22. ^ Lamont, Corliss, A Lifetime of Dissent, New York: Prometheus Books (1988)
  23. ^ a b Day, Dorothy (2008). The Duty of Delight: The Diaries of Dorothy Day. Marquette University Press. p. 687. Day described Lamont in her diary as a "'pinko' millionaire who lived modestly".
  24. ^ "Lamont Suit Will Test Law Permitting Red Mail Ban" (PDF). New York Times. September 15, 1964. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
  25. ^ Pomfret, John D. (May 25, 1965). "High Court Voids Law Curbing Red Propaganda" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
  26. ^ "Lamont Denies Joining the Communist Party" (PDF). New York Times. May 14, 1971. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  27. ^ Day, Dorothy (September 1971). "On Pilgrimage: First Visit to Soviet Russia". Dorothy Day Collection. Retrieved January 31, 2014.
  28. ^ "Humanist Manifesto II". American Humanist Association. Archived from the original on October 20, 2012. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
  29. ^ "Mrs. Corliss Lamont, Author, Economist and Educator, Dead" (PDF). New York Times. July 22, 1975. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
  30. ^ Patrick Healy (July 19, 2006). "Lieberman Rival Seeks Support Beyond Iraq Issue". The New York Times. Retrieved August 10, 2006.
  31. ^ Leuba, James. (1935). The Illusion of Immortality by Corliss Lamont. The Journal of Religion. Vol. 15, No. 3. pp. 323-325.
  32. ^ Sellars, Roy. (1951). The Illusion of Immortality by Corliss Lamont. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research. Vol. 11, No. 3. pp. 444-445.

External links

1952 United States Senate election in New York

The 1952 United States Senate election in New York was held on November 4, 1952, as part of the bi-annual regular state election, to elect a U.S. Senator. At the same time, all members of the next New York State Assembly and the next New York State Senate, as well as presidential electors were elected.

1958 New York state election

The 1958 New York state election was held on November 4, 1958, to elect the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the State Comptroller, the Attorney General, a judge of the New York Court of Appeals and a U.S. Senator, as well as all members of the New York State Assembly and the New York State Senate.

Amsterdam Declaration

The Amsterdam Declaration 2002 is a statement of the fundamental principles of modern Humanism passed unanimously by the General Assembly of the International Humanist and Ethical Union (IHEU) at the 50th anniversary World Humanist Congress in 2002. According to the IHEU, the declaration "is the official statement of World Humanism."

It is officially supported by all member organisations of the IHEU including:

Humanistic Association Netherlands (Humanistisch Verbond)

American Humanist Association

British Humanist Association

Humanist Canada

Human-Etisk Forbund, the Norwegian Humanist Association

Humanistischer Verband Deutschlands, the Humanist Association of Germany

Council of Australian Humanist Societies

Council for Secular Humanism

Gay and Lesbian Humanist Association

Humanist Association of Ireland

Indian Humanist Union

Philippine Atheists and Agnostics Society (PATAS)A complete list of signatories can be found on the IHEU page (see references).

This declaration makes exclusive use of capitalized Humanist and Humanism, which is consistent with IHEU's general practice and recommendations for promoting a unified Humanist identity. [1] To further promote Humanist identity, these words are also free of any adjectives, as recommended by prominent members of IHEU. [2] Such usage is not universal among IHEU member organizations, though most of them do observe these conventions.

Corliss

Corliss is both a surname and a given name. Notable people and fictional characters with the name include:

Surname:

George Henry Corliss (1817–1888), inventor of the Corliss steam engine

George W. Corliss (1834–1903), American Civil War recipient of the Medal of Honor

Guy C. H. Corliss (1858–1937), American judge and justice of the Supreme Court of North Dakota

Jack Corliss, scientist and discoverer of undersea hydrothermal vents

Jeb Corliss (born 1976), professional skydiver and base jumper

John Blaisdell Corliss (1851–1929), U.S. Representative from Michigan

Stephen P. Corliss (1842–1904), American Civil War recipient of the Medal of Honor

Richard Corliss (1944-2015), journalist and an editor for Time magazine

William R. Corliss (1926–2011), American physicist and writer

Bud Corliss, villain of A Kiss Before Dying (novel) and two film adaptations (renamed Jonathan Corliss in the second)Given name:

Corliss Lamont (1902–1995), American philosopher, political activist, and philanthropist

C. C. Moseley (1894–1974), American aviator and aviation businessman

Corliss P. Stone, mayor of Seattle (1872–1873) and businessman

Corliss Williamson (born 1973), retired professional basketball player

title teenage character of the American radio show Meet Corliss Archer (1943–1956) and the TV series

Curt John Ducasse

Curt John Ducasse (7 July 1881 – 3 September 1969) was a philosopher who taught at the University of Washington and Brown University.

Ernst August Köstring

Ernst-August Köstring (20 June 1876 – 20 November 1953) was a German diplomat and officer who served in World War II.

Born in Imperial Russia in 1876, Ernst August Köstring grew up in St Petersburg and was fluent in Russian. He took part in World War I, serving under Major General Hans von Seeckt in the Austro-Hungarian Seventh Army. After the war, he was retained in the Reichsheer. From 1919, he was back in the Prussian War Ministry and then detached to the Ministry of the Reichswehr in 1919 when that ministry was established.

On 1 August 1935, he was returned to active service as a military attaché to Russia and Lithuania and sent back to Moscow. On 8 August 1940, Köstring was warned by General Franz Halder that "he would have to answer a lot of questions soon", making him one of a few people who knew what would happen with Russia despite the non-aggression pact. With the planned Operation Barbarossa his position in Moscow was untenable; he was repatriated under diplomatic immunity and assigned to the Führerreserve. He visited, together with Friedrich Werner von Schulenburg, prisoner of war camps recruiting Soviet POWs for the German war effort.

On 1 September 1942 when he was appointed "General Officer attached to Army Group A for Caucasian Questions" under General Eduard Wagner. In this role he worked on creating national legions among the indigenous people of the Caucasus, among them the Muslim Karachai. He arranged for Armenians, Georgians and other Caucasian populations to fight at the front after training in Poland. Most of the Armenians deserted.

The Karachai had formed an anti-Soviet committee under Qadi Bayramukov (ru) before the Germans arrived. Köstring invited them to the Bairam feast on 11 October. He was exceptionally well received and was carried shoulder high in celebration as was the custom.

In the spring of 1943 Köstring put into the Führer reserve. In mid-June 1943, he was appointed Inspector of the German commanded Turkic associations, on 1 January 1944 appointed the General of the "volunteer" organizations in the Army High Command. Throughout this period he spent most of his time helping with the creation of Andrey Vlasov's Russian Liberation Army. He surrendered on 4 May 1945 to the U.S. Army; he was released in 1947. He co-authored the 1946 book The Peoples of the Soviet Union which was later used by the U.S. Army.

Fingerprint (album)

Fingerprint is an album by Mark Heard, released in Europe in 1980 on Palmfrond Communications. Heard later named his record label, Fingerprint Records, and home studio, Fingerprint Recorders, after this album.

Gandhi Peace Award

The Gandhi Peace Award is an award and cash prize presented annually since 1960 by Promoting Enduring Peace to individuals for "contributions made in the promotion of international peace and good will." It is named in honor of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi but has no personal connection to Mohandas Gandhi or any member of his family.

Recent Award winners include Rabbis Arik Ascherman and Ehud Bandel of Rabbis for Human Rights (2011), Amy Goodman of Democracy Now! (2012), Bill McKibben of 350.org (2013), Medea Benjamin of Code Pink (2014), Tom B.K. Goldtooth (2015), Kathy Kelly of Voices for Creative Nonviolence (2015), Omar Barghouti (2017), Ralph Nader (2017), and Jackson Browne.

Since 1960, when the first Award was accepted by Eleanor Roosevelt, the Award has been presented in person to "peace heroes" who have exemplified to the members of Promoting Enduring Peace the courage of nonviolent resistance to abusive power, to armed conflict, to violent oppression, and to environmental negligence. The Award is also intended to recognize individuals for having made significant contributions, through cooperative and non-violent means in the spirit of Gandhi, to the struggle to achieve a sustainable world civilization founded on enduring international peace.

In the 21st Century the Award is especially intended by its presenters to honor those whose lives and works exemplify the principle that international peace, universal socioeconomic justice, and planetary environmental harmony are interdependent and inseparable, and all three are essential to the survival of civilization.

The Award itself is symbolized by a heavy medallion and a certificate with an inscription summing up the recipient's work. The medallion, forged from Peace Bronze (a metal rendered from decommissioned nuclear missile command systems, evoking "swords into plowshares"), features Gandhi's profile and his words "Love Ever Suffers/Never Revenges Itself" cast in bronze. The Award has been presented at a ceremony held typically once a year in New York or New Haven at which the recipient is invited to present a message of challenge and hope.

Humanism

Humanism is a philosophical and ethical stance that emphasizes the value and agency of human beings, individually and collectively, and generally prefers critical thinking and evidence (rationalism and empiricism) over acceptance of dogma or superstition. The meaning of the term humanism has fluctuated according to the successive intellectual movements which have identified with it. The term was coined by theologian Friedrich Niethammer at the beginning of the 19th century to refer to a system of education based on the study of classical literature ("classical humanism"). Generally, however, humanism refers to a perspective that affirms some notion of human freedom and progress. It views humans as solely responsible for the promotion and development of individuals and emphasizes a concern for man in relation to the world.In modern times, humanist movements are typically non-religious movements aligned with secularism, and today humanism typically refers to a nontheistic life stance centred on human agency and looking to science rather than revelation from a supernatural source to understand the world.

Humanist Manifesto II

Humanist Manifesto II, written in 1973 by humanists Paul Kurtz and Edwin H. Wilson, was an update to the previous Humanist Manifesto (1933), and the second entry in the Humanist Manifesto series. It begins with a statement that the excesses of National Socialism and world war had made the first seem too optimistic, and indicated a more hardheaded and realistic approach in its seventeen-point statement, which was much longer and more elaborate than the previous version. Nevertheless, much of the optimism of the first remained, expressing hope that war and poverty would be eliminated.

In addition to its absolute rejection of theism and deism, various political stances are supported, such as opposition to racism, opposition to weapons of mass destruction, support of human rights, a proposition of an international court, and the right to unrestricted abortion and contraception.

Initially published with a small number of signatures, the document was circulated and gained thousands more, and indeed the American Humanist Association's website encourages visitors to add their own name. A provision at the end states that the signators do "not necessarily endorse every detail" of the document, but only its broad vision, no doubt helped many overcome reservations about attaching their name.

One of the oft-quoted lines that comes from this manifesto is, "No deity will save us; we must save ourselves."

The Humanist Manifesto II first appeared in The Humanist September / October, 1973, when Paul Kurtz and Edwin H. Wilson were editor and editor emeritus , respectively.

Joseph R. Brodsky

Joseph R. Brodsky, often known as Joseph Brodsky and Joe Brodsky, was an early 20th-Century American civil rights lawyer, political activist, general counsel of the International Labor Defense (ILD), co-founder of the International Juridical Association (IJA), and member of ILD defense team for members of the Scottsboro Boys Case of the 1930s.

Lamont Gallery

The Lamont Gallery is a non-profit art gallery located on the campus of Phillips Exeter Academy, in Exeter, New Hampshire, United States. It primarily showcases visiting exhibitions of local, national and international acclaimed artists, along with art of Phillips Exeter students and faculty. However, it also possesses a small collection.

List of American philosophers

This is a list of American philosophers; of philosophers who are either from, or spent many productive years of their lives in the United States.

National Commission for Economic Conversion and Disarmament

The National Commission for Economic Conversion and Disarmament was founded in 1988, with preliminary work starting as early as November 1987. The key principals behind the commission were Seymour Melman together with Jonathan Feldman and Robert Krinsky (students of Melman). The three, conceived of the commission as the extension of conversion activities, initiated at Columbia University linked to the Corliss Lamont Fellowship program in Economic Conversion and Disarmament.

The commission promoted public education related to economic conversion and disarmament, culminating in a series of conferences, workshops and organizing projects. Among the most significant was "The U.S. After the Cold War: Claiming the Peace Dividend", a national town meeting held on May 2, 1990 involving political leaders, scholars, activists and concerned citizens. Another key milestone was the support, which former House Speaker Jim Wright gave to national conversion legislation, naming a comprehensive conversion bill HR 101 (corresponding to the 101st Session of Congress). The commission published a newsletter, The New Economy, and a series of briefing papers related to conversion and disarmament.

The commission supported multilateral disarmament and comprehensive conversion policies. The commission board included members of the United States Congress, trade union presidents, scholars and political leaders. In addition to Melman, key board members included Marcus Raskin, John Kenneth Galbraith, George McGovern, Ted Weiss, and various presidents of the Machinists Union (IAM).

National Council of American–Soviet Friendship

The National Council of American–Soviet Friendship (NCASF) was the successor organisation to the National Council on Soviet Relations (NCSR).

National Emergency Civil Liberties Committee

The National Emergency Civil Liberties Committee (NECLC), until 1968 known as the Emergency Civil Liberties Committee, was an organization formed in the United States in October 1951 by 150 educators and clergymen to advocate for the civil liberties embodied in the Bill of Rights of the U.S. Constitution, notably the rights of free speech, religion, travel, and assembly. Though it solicited contributions, its program and policy decisions were controlled by a self-perpetuating national council for most of its first 20 years.

Ned Lamont

Edward Miner Lamont Jr. (born January 3, 1954) is an American businessman and politician serving as the 89th and current Governor of Connecticut since 2019. A member of the Democratic Party, he won the 2018 gubernatorial election, defeating Republican Bob Stefanowski and Independent Oz Griebel.A member of the Board of Selectmen of Greenwich from 1987 to 1989, he defeated incumbent U.S. Senator Joe Lieberman in the state's Democratic primary election in 2006. In the general election, both Lamont and Republican candidate Alan Schlesinger were defeated by Lieberman, who had opted to run as an Independent candidate. In 2010, he ran for the Democratic nomination for Governor of Connecticut. He was defeated by former Stamford Mayor Dan Malloy, who went on to win the general election.

Paul D. Hanson

Paul D. Hanson (born November 17, 1939) is an American biblical scholar who taught for 40 years at the Harvard Divinity School in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

He spent his whole career at Harvard Divinity School, starting out in 1971 as an Assistant Professor of Old Testament. He was appointed the Florence Corliss Lamont Professor of Divinity (1988–2009) and Bussey Professor of Divinity (1981–1988). Since his retirement from the active faculty in 2009 he has been the Florence Corliss Lamont Research Professor of Divinity.

The Times They Are a-Changin' (album)

The Times They Are a-Changin' is the third studio album by American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan, released on January 13, 1964 by Columbia Records. Whereas his previous albums Bob Dylan and The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan consisted of original material among cover songs, Dylan's third album was the first to feature only original compositions. The album consists mostly of stark, sparsely arranged ballads concerning issues such as racism, poverty, and social change. The title track is one of Dylan's most famous; many feel that it captures the spirit of social and political upheaval that characterized the 1960s.

Some critics and fans were not quite as taken with the album as a whole, relative to his previous work, for its lack of humor or musical diversity. Still, The Times They Are a-Changin' peaked at No. 20 on the US chart, eventually going gold, and belatedly reaching No. 4 in the UK in 1965.

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