Corey Lewandowski

Corey R. Lewandowski (/lɛvændʊvski/; born September 18, 1973)[1] is an American political operative, lobbyist and political commentator. He was a political commentator for One America News Network (OANN), Fox News and CNN, as well as a campaign manager of Donald Trump's 2016 campaign for President of the United States from January 2015 to June 2016.

Prior to joining Trump's campaign, Lewandowski worked on several campaigns, worked for the conservative advocacy group Americans for Prosperity and was a lobbyist. Lewandowski himself has run unsuccessfully for office twice, once in Massachusetts and once in New Hampshire. On December 21, 2016, Lewandowski co-founded Avenue Strategies, a lobbying firm in an office overlooking the White House. He left the firm in May 2017.

Corey Lewandowski
Corey Lewandowski 2017-08-03
Lewandowski in 2017
BornSeptember 18, 1973 (age 45)
EducationUniversity of Massachusetts,
American University (MA)
Political partyRepublican
Alison Hardy (m. 2005)

Early life and education

Lewandowski was raised in Lowell, Massachusetts.[2] One of his grandfathers was a printer. He is of Polish and French-Canadian descent.[3][4] Lewandowski graduated in 1991 from Lowell Catholic High School, a private, not-for-profit, college-preparatory school in Lowell.[5]

In 1995, he graduated from the University of Massachusetts Lowell with a B.A. in political science.[6] He received a master's degree in political science from American University in Washington, DC, in 1997.

Political career

1994 Massachusetts State House campaign

Corey Lewandowski (28815701733)
Lewandowski during his 1994 campaign

In 1994, while an undergraduate student, Lewandowski ran for a seat in the Massachusetts House of Representatives as a write-in candidate in the Republican primary. He received 143 votes, falling short of the 150 votes needed to win the party's nomination for the ballot. In the November general election, the seat was won by Thomas A. Golden Jr., a Democrat.[7] Golden received 7,157 votes, while Lewandowski received 7 votes.[7][8]

Early work

After graduating from college, Lewandowski worked as an aide for Republican Massachusetts Congressman Peter G. Torkildsen[9] from January 1996 to January 1997, while a graduate student at American University.[2] Also while a student in 1997, Lewandowski interned for Massachusetts State Senator Steven C. Panagiotakos, a Democrat.[5]

From December 1997 to February 2001, Lewandowski worked as an administrative assistant for Ohio Republican Bob Ney, a U.S. Congressman.[10] In 2007, before Ney was sentenced on federal corruption charges arising from the Abramoff lobbying scandal, Lewandowski wrote a letter to the presiding judge, saying that Ney was a mentor and "surrogate father" to him and asking for leniency in sentencing.[10][11]

In 1999, while working for Ney, Lewandowski brought a loaded handgun in a laundry bag into the Longworth House Office Building.[12][13] He was arrested and charged with a misdemeanor.[13] Lewandowski said it was an accident, that he forgot the gun was in the bag when he put the laundry in it.[13] The charges eventually were dismissed; Lewandowski then unsuccessfully fought for four years to get the gun back, filing lawsuits in multiple District of Columbia and federal courts.[14]

After leaving Ney's office, Lewandowski worked most of 2001 for the Republican National Committee as the Northeast legislative political director.[2]

Smith campaign

Lewandowski was the campaign manager for the 2002 re-election campaign of U.S. Senator Robert C. Smith of New Hampshire.[15] Smith was challenged in the Republican primary by John E. Sununu.[16]

Speaking about Sununu, Lewandowski said, "The people of New Hampshire want someone in the U.S. Senate with clear, concise views on terrorism. They'll judge a congressman based on the people he associates with, his voting record and his campaign contributions."[16] Lewandowski told a reporter he would be interested to know whether anyone associated with Hamas had attended a fundraising event for Sununu.[17] (Lewandowski cited contributions made by Washington lawyer George Salem to Sununu; Salem, who chaired Arab Americans for Bush-Cheney during the 2000 Bush/Cheney campaign, was the attorney for the Holy Land Foundation for Relief and Development, which had its assets frozen by the U.S. government in 2001 on suspicion of ties to Hamas.)[16] Lewandowski's comments were interpreted as publicly suggesting that Sununu, who is of Lebanese descent, had divided loyalties in fighting terrorism.[12]

Former New Hampshire Governor Steve Merrill said, "The politics of ethnic slurs and bigotry have no place in any campaign."[16] Former New Hampshire Senator Warren Rudman said, "Bob Smith is a better human being than that, and he ought to tell his people to watch themselves."[16] President George W. Bush's spokesperson said, "The White House called Senator Smith's office ... Remarks that paint Arab Americans with a broad brush aren't helpful. We need to reassure Arab Americans that this war is about al-Qaida, not Islam. Mr. Salem is a good friend of the president's and an honorable man."[16]

Smith's press secretary said Lewandowski was "merely responding to media inquiries" about Salem's fund raising and that "Senator Smith has repeatedly said this campaign is about records—Congressman Sununu's record and Senator Smith's record. Someone's ethnic background has absolutely nothing to do with this election."[16]

Sununu defeated Smith in the Republican primary, winning 53% of the vote to Smith's 45%.[18][19] Smith was the first sitting U.S. senator in ten years to lose a primary campaign.[20]

Schwartz MSL, Americans for Prosperity, and other work

From 2003 to 2004, Lewandowski was executive director of the New England Seafood Producers Association.[21][22]

From 2004 to 2012, Lewandowski worked for Schwartz MSL, a strategic communication and engagement firm where, according to his LinkedIn profile, he served as director of public affairs from September 2004 until July 2012. Lewandowski was registered as a lobbyist for Schwartz MSL on behalf of Passport Systems in 2011, lobbying on homeland security issues.[22] Schwartz represented Passport Systems for six years, and the firm paid Schwartz more than $350,000 over that period. Between 2008 and 2011, Passport Systems secured more than $23.9 million in federal funds. Lewandowski represented two other clients: health care software company Logical Images and solar-power company Borrego Solar.[23]

Lewandowski graduated from the New Hampshire police academy in 2006[12] and worked from 2006 to 2010 as a seasonal marine patrol officer trainee[23] with the New Hampshire State Police.[20][24]

In 2008, Lewandowski began working for Americans for Prosperity, a Koch brothers-backed advocacy group.[22][23] Lewandowski's period working for Americans for Prosperity overlapped with his tenure as a marine patrol officer trainee and registered federal lobbyist.[23] Lewandowski was Americans for Prosperity's New Hampshire director,[23][25] and East Coast regional director before becoming the national director of voter registration, a position he held until January 2015.[26][22] Lewandowski's term at Americans for Prosperity was described by Politico as "tumultuous" and marked by "fiery confrontations" with other AFP employees.[20]

While working for Americans for Prosperity, Lewandowski criticized the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, a cap-and-trade system for state utilities, saying "it does nothing to reduce greenhouse gases because jobs and businesses just move to other states."[25] At the same time, Lewandowski lobbied for Borrego Solar, helping to secure a $500,000 earmark in the 2010 Energy and Water Appropriations Act that benefited a solar electricity project in Lancaster, Massachusetts, that Borrego was involved in. Newsweek noted, "though he had succeeded as a pro-solar lobbyist looking for government assistance, at AFP he waged a campaign against government programs that supported green energy."[23]

In 2012, while still working for Americans for Prosperity, Lewandowski unsuccessfully ran for town treasurer of Windham, New Hampshire. NPR reported that during the campaign, Lewandowski "upended the town's politics, using public records laws to probe local government and launching robocalls targeted at voters to stoke outrage over a visit to the town by President Obama."[11] Robert Skinner defeated Lewandowski, receiving 1,941 votes to Lewandowski's 714.[27]

Trump 2016 presidential campaign

Lewandowski first met Trump in April 2014 at a political event in New Hampshire.[28][12] In January 2015, six months before Trump announced his campaign, Lewandowski was invited to Trump Tower, where he accepted an offer from Trump to become campaign manager.[5] His salary was $20,000 per month.[29]

When Lewandowski was hired, Trump's political staff consisted of three people: his lawyer Michael D. Cohen, veteran operative Roger Stone, and aide Sam Nunberg.[30] In April 2016, another veteran GOP operative, Paul Manafort, was hired; the following month Manafort was named “campaign chairman.”[31] Nunberg was fired in early August 2015;[32] he believes that it was Lewandowski and campaign press secretary Hope Hicks who asked Trump for his ouster.[33] Stone left the campaign a week later.[34]

Lewandowski's motto as Trump's campaign manager was "Let Trump be Trump"; those words appeared on his office white board.[35] Trump said of Lewandowski, "He leaves me alone, but he knows when to make his presence felt."[19]

Lewandowski was identified in the George Papadopoulos court documents as the "High-Ranking Campaign Official".[36]

After a win in New Hampshire on February 9, 2016, Trump acknowledged Lewandowski's role in the win by praising his ground game.[11]

Physical incidents

Trump rally police video
Capture from a police video showing Lewandowski, while working as Donald Trump's campaign manager, grabbing the arm of Michelle Fields, a former Breitbart reporter.

On March 10, 2016, Michelle Fields, a reporter for Breitbart News, wrote that, after she asked Donald Trump a question when she approached him after a March 8, 2016, press conference in Jupiter, Florida, she was forcefully grabbed by Lewandowski.[37][38] On March 29, Lewandowski was charged with one count of simple battery by the Jupiter Police Department and surrendered himself to the authorities, after releasing a statement maintaining his innocence.[39][40][41]

Two weeks later, Palm Beach County State Attorney Dave Aronberg said that his office would not prosecute Lewandowski; they believed that "there was probable cause to make an arrest" and "the facts support the allegation that Mr. Lewandowski did grab Ms. Fields' arm against her will," but "the evidence cannot prove all legally required elements of the crime alleged and is insufficient to support a criminal prosecution."[42]

On March 19, 2016, during a campaign event in Tucson, Arizona, Lewandowski drew criticism for his handling of a protester. Although a video showed Lewandowski grabbing the protester by the collar,[43][44][45] the campaign and Lewandowski denied doing so.[46][47]


In April 2016, Lewandowski's influence within the Trump campaign was reported to be waning.[48][49]

On June 20, 2016, Trump's campaign announced that it was parting ways with Lewandowski; according to reports, Lewandowski was fired, although Donald Trump Jr., Trump's son, described the split as "amicable."[50][51] The move occurred after Lewandowski clashed with Trump chief strategist and campaign chairman Paul Manafort in an internal "power struggle."[50][51] After Lewandowski's departure, Manafort (who had been brought on the campaign in March 2016) became the de facto campaign manager.[51][52]

Political commentator and lobbyist


Days after Lewandowski left the Trump campaign, he was hired by the cable news network CNN as a political commentator.[53] Lewandowski remains subject to a non-disclosure agreement that he signed with Trump, forbidding him "from making disparaging or revealing remarks about the candidate."[54] Lewandowski received severance pay from the Trump campaign while working for CNN. In July 2016, after the group Media Matters for America noted that CNN had not disclosed this to viewers, CNN hosts began making on-air disclosures of the severance payments before Lewandowski's appearances.[55]

In July 2016, Lewandowski defended Trump who had been criticized after tweeting a graphic that labeled Hillary Clinton the "most corrupt candidate" alongside a pile of cash and a six-pointed star evoking the Star of David. (The image originated on an Internet message board featuring antisemitic conspiracy theories). During an appearance on CNN's State of the Union with Brianna Keilar, Lewandowski denied allegations of antisemitism and said that criticism of the tweet was "political correctness run amok."[56][57]

In an August 2016 appearance on CNN, Lewandowski espoused the "birther" conspiracy theory, suggesting that President Barack Obama was not a natural-born-citizen of the United States.[54][58] Lewandowski's statement was criticized by the other panelists, Angela Rye and Bakari Sellers.[54][58]

On November 11, 2016, Lewandowski resigned as a CNN commentator amid speculations that he would play a role in the Trump administration.[59]


After leaving CNN, Lewandowski worked as a political commentator for the cable news television channel One America News Network (OANN).[60] While he mainly worked for OANN, he made sporadic appearances on Fox News. Lewandowski was fired from OANN on July 31, 2017, for appearing on news networks outside of OANN.[61][62]

Avenue Strategies

On December 21, 2016, Lewandowski and [63] Barry Bennett, a "former Trump senior adviser", whom Lewandowski had known for ten years,[64] co-founded as equal partners a political consulting firm called Avenue Strategies.[65] They were joined by other Trump presidential campaign veterans.[65] Bennett, Mike Rubino, Jason Osborne, and most of Lewandowski's associates at Avenue Strategies filed lobbying registrations.[63]

Mainly because of Lewandowski, Avenue Strategies soon became one of "the highest-profile government-affairs outfits in Washington".[65] Avenue Strategies' office "overlooks the White House", and Lewandowski has "relatively unimpeded access" to President Trump either by phone or in person at the White House.[63] Access to President Trump can be "highly lucrative" — "relatively few established K Street powerhouses have ties to the new president".[65]

In February 2017, Avenue Strategies "quietly agreed" to lobby for Citgo Petroleum Corporation (Citgo). In April they signed a $25,000 a month contract as tensions mounted between the United States, Venezuela, and Russia.[66] Citgo is headquartered in Houston, Texas, but is owned by the government of Venezuela. Citgo took out a loan from Russian state-owned oil giant, Rosneft in December 2016 that it has been unable to pay. It is under threat of a takeover by Rosneft.[63] By early May the legally required paperwork had not been filed revealing the contract to the U.S. Government through the Senate Office of Public Records.[66]

The governor of debt-ridden Puerto Rico hired Avenue Strategies to lobby Congress for funding.[65] Avenue Strategies also "operates a fledgling super PAC to help Trump win re-election".[64]

According to The New York Times, the firm's corporate clients — Fortune 100 companies — hire them as insurance against "tweet risk". Bennett said, "If he’s gonna come after you, there’s nothing we can do to stop it. But if you want to figure out how to win in this environment, we can help you. [For example], [c]all Jared Kushner and tell him you’re gonna build a new factory," or invite Mr. Trump to "fly somewhere, cut a ribbon, and high-five 200 employees... [That] "drives optimism, and it drives his power. There are few things a president can do to build power faster than to lead a great economic comeback." Lewandowski added, "We’re your sherpa through turbulent times."[64] While at the firm, Lewandowski won a $160,000 account with Community Choice Financial, a large payday lender.[67]

Lewandowski did not formally register as a lobbyist as he did not consider himself to be a lobbyist.[65] However, he was criticized by "competing lobbyists and ethics watchdogs" for "flouting the spirit of the lobbying rules, and abusing his access to the Trump White House".[63] On May 3, 2017, Public Citizen, a "government-ethics group, asked the U.S. Department of Justice to investigate whether Lewandowski should have registered as a foreign or domestic lobbyist".[65]

On May 4, 2017, Lewandowski left Avenue Strategies.[65][63]

Washington East West Political Strategies

In an article published on April 28, 2017 POLITICO revealed that they had obtained documents about Washington East West Political Strategies — an "affiliate of Avenue Strategies".[63] It was one of "several international recruitment vehicles" through which business partners globally — including those in the Middle East, Canada, and Central America — could "earn commissions by enlisting international clients" for Avenue Strategies. East West solicited "business in Eastern Europe and elsewhere by offering access to Trump, Vice President Mike Pence and other top administration officials".[63] ___?___ that described "numerous proposed activities that would seem to trigger Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA) registration".[63] East West was created by Lewandowski, Bennett, Rauf Mammadov, "an Azerbaijani oil executive and an American political consultant who works extensively in Russia", Marshall Comins, who "worked extensively in the former Soviet Union and Sub-Saharan Africa consulting governments, high net-worth individuals and politicians", Jeff Monson, a "prominent figure in Russia’s Communist Party", and Mike Nicholas Sango, "Zimbabwe's ambassador to Russia."[63] On May 3 Avenue Strategies dissolved East West with Bennett and Lewandowski both claiming that their collaborators, Mammadov and Comins, had issued the East West document, not them. Bennett explained that "Avenue Strategies owned the equity — and that is me and Corey — but he didn’t have any role....[I]t is a "violation of our understanding with them." Lewandowski said he had "no affiliation or involvement" and "never entered into any agreement with [East West]."[66]

Lewandowski Strategic Advisors

On May 12, 2017, eight days after leaving Avenue Strategies, Lewandowski incorporated Lewandowski Strategic Advisors in Delaware, which, as an advisory firm, does not register as a lobbyist or disclose its clients.[67] He then sought to recruit David Bossie and George Gigicos.[67]

In July 2017, Community Choice Financial, a payday lender, offered Lewandowski a $20,000-a-month retainer.[67] On the July 30, 2017 episode of Meet the Press, Lewandowski told President Trump to fire Richard Cordray, the Director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau; Cordray had led efforts to enact new payday lending regulations.[67] When Chuck Todd then asked Lewandowski if he was advocating for a client, Lewandowski replied "No, No. I have no clients whatsoever".[67]

Turnberry Solutions LLC

Lewandoski was reported to be working as a lobbyist for Turnberry Solutions LLC, though he denied having any involvement with the firm.[68]


In December 2017, the memoir Let Trump Be Trump, co-authored by Lewandowski and David Bossie, was published by Center Street. The memoir chronicles Lewandowski's and Bossie's experiences working for Donald Trump's 2016 presidential campaign.[69]

Mocking of an immigrant child with Down syndrome

On June 19, 2018, Lewandowski appeared on Fox News alongside Democratic strategist Zac Petkanas. When Petkanas mentioned a case of a 10-year-old immigrant girl with Down syndrome who had been forcibly taken away from her mother under the Trump administration family separation policy and allegedly put in a cage, Lewandowski responded "womp, womp" (an onomatopoeia for the "sad trombone" sound effect that often accompanies a comedic failure), which angered Petkanas and received widespread criticism from various sources.[70][71] Former Fox News contributor Meghan McCain commented: "This is so horrible, even by Lewandowski standards."[70][72] Appearing on Fox News on June 20, Lewandowski refused to apologize for the remark and instead reiterated his belief that undocumented aliens are criminals who should be held accountable.[73]

On June 20, 2018, Lewandowski was dropped by Leading Authorities, Inc., a speakers bureau based in Washington D.C.[74]

On June 27, 2018, Lewandowski revisited the topic of the 10-year-old immigrant on CNN, asserting, contrary to the available evidence, that the "10-year-old that was separated at the border was separated because her mother was a member—or a potential member—of a child-smuggling ring.” However, U.S. Customs and Border Protection said she was a "material witness", not being charged with illegal entry.[75][76]

Personal life

Lewandowski met his future wife Alison Hardy when he was in ninth grade and she was in eighth grade. In 1998, Hardy married Brian Kinney, but Kinney was killed on September 11, 2001, after Al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked his flight, United Airlines 175, and flew it into the South Tower of the World Trade Center. Four years later, in 2005, Lewandowski married Hardy.[12] Together they have four children.[20]

On November 28, 2017, a pro-Trump performer, Joy Villa, filed a police complaint against Lewandowski for allegedly slapping her buttocks at a holiday party at the Trump Hotel in Washington, D.C.[77][78] Villa alleged that after she told him that she could report him for sexual harassment, Lewandowski said, "I work in the private sector" and slapped her again.[79] Lewandowski responded to the allegations by saying that "There is a due process and there is a process which they will go through to determine a person's innocence."[80]

Lewandowski is Roman Catholic.[12] He lives in Windham, New Hampshire, but primarily works in Manchester, New Hampshire when not in Washington, D.C.[6]

Electoral history


Massachusetts House of Representatives, 15th Middlesex, general election, 1994[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas Golden Jr. 7,157 99.9
Republican Corey Lewandowski (write-in) 7 0.1


Town Treasurer, Windham, election, 2012[27]
Party Candidate Votes %
Non-partisan Robert Skinner 1,941 73
Non-partisan Corey Lewandowski 714 27


  1. ^ Stokols, Eli; Gold, Hadas; Gass, Nick (March 29, 2016). "Trump turns blame on reporter in battery case". Politico. Archived from the original on April 9, 2016. Retrieved April 10, 2016. The police report states, 'Based on the above-described investigation, probable cause exists to charge Corey Lewandowski DOB 9/18/1973...'
  2. ^ a b c Schreckinger, Ben; Martel, Cate (July 22, 2015). "The man behind Donald Trump's run". Politico. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
  3. ^ "Corey Lewandowski - doradca o polskich korzeniach prowadzi Donalda Trumpa na szczyty". (in Polish).
  4. ^ "The Axe Files" (PDF). February 20, 2017.
  5. ^ a b c "On the stump for Trump: Lowell native Corey Lewandowski running presidential campaign". The Lowell Sun. July 24, 2015. Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  6. ^ a b Stout, Matt (July 25, 2015). "Trumpeting The Donald". Boston Herald.
  7. ^ a b Swaine, Jon (April 1, 2016). "Trump campaign manager sued to get on Massachusetts ballot as 21-year-old". The Guardian.
  8. ^ a b "1994 State Representative General Election: 15th Middlesex District". Massachusetts Election Statistics. Office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Accessed on June 27, 2016.
  9. ^ "Out With Old, In With New". Associated Press. Tulsa World. November 23, 1996.
  10. ^ a b Rahn, Will (August 3, 2015). "Donald Trump's Campaign Chief Backed a Crooked Congressman, Called Him 'My Surrogate Father'". The Daily Beast.
  11. ^ a b c Rogers, Josh (February 22, 2016). "Meet Donald Trump's Alter Ego". All Things Considered. NPR.
  12. ^ a b c d e f Tumulty, Karen (March 30, 2016). "Who is Corey Lewandowski? His rise — and his relationship with Donald Trump". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 30, 2016.
  13. ^ a b c DiStaso, John. "GOP chairman explains the ground rules". The New Hampshire Union Leader. December 20, 2001.
  14. ^ Wolf, Richard (March 31, 2016). "Merrick Garland heard Trump campaign manager's appeal over gun in 2003". USA TODAY. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  15. ^ DiStaso, John. "Will Stickney back Sununu? Not in the cards". New Hampshire Union Leader. November 29, 2001.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g Babington, Charles. "Smith Takes Swipe at Sununu, White House Swipes Back". The Washington Post (December 23, 2001).
  17. ^ Fahey, Tom. "White House gets involved in Smith-Sununu election discord". The New Hampshire Union Leader. December 15, 2001.
  18. ^ "Federal Elections 2002 U.S. Senate Results". Federal Election Commission. 2002.
  19. ^ a b Haberman, Maggie (September 4, 2015). "For His Unconventional Campaign, Donald Trump Looks to an Unorthodox Manager". The New York Times.
  20. ^ a b c d Vogel, Kenneth; Schreckinger, Ben; Gold, Hadas (March 15, 2016). "Trump campaign manager's behavior prompted staff concerns". Politico. Retrieved March 30, 2016.
  21. ^ "Can Corey Lewandowski save New England's seafood industry?". Intrafish. July 16, 2003.
  22. ^ a b c d Dick, Jason (March 30, 2016). "Who Is Corey Lewandowski? Trump campaign manager, seasoned political operative". CQ-Roll Call.
  23. ^ a b c d e f Choma, Russ (March 30, 2016). "Donald Trump Campaign Manager's Diametric Double Life as a Solar Power Lobbyist". Newsweek.
  24. ^ Stevenson, Seth. "A Week on the Trail With the "Disgusting Reporters" Covering Donald Trump". Slate. Retrieved March 30, 2016.
  25. ^ a b "How to Live Freer in New Hampshire". Wall Street Journal. February 25, 2011.
  26. ^ Dáte, S. V. (July 7, 2015). "Donald Trump Is Buying a New Hampshire Campaign Wholesale". National Journal. Archived from the original on July 21, 2015. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
  27. ^ a b "Windham Town Results". Eagle-Tribune (North Andover, Massachusetts). March 5, 2012.
  28. ^ Phillips, Amber (July 23, 2015). "Meet the man behind Donald Trump's presidential campaign". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 23, 2015.
  29. ^ Ballhaus, Rebecca; Haddon, Heather (July 17, 2015). "One Sign of Inflation: Salaries for Some Presidential Campaigns". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  30. ^ Sherman, Gabriel (August 6, 2015). "The Trump Campaign Has Descended Into Civil War - Even Ivanka Has Gotten Involved". New York. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  31. ^ Kirkland, Allegra (June 20, 2016). "How Did Corey Lewandowski Last This Long?". TPM. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  32. ^ Diamond, Jeremy. "Trump campaign fires staffer over Facebook posts". CNN. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  33. ^ Nuzzi, Olivia (June 20, 2016). "The Mystifying Triumph of Hope Hicks, Donald Trump's Right-Hand Woman". GQ. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
  34. ^ Caputo, Marc (August 8, 2015). "Sources: Roger Stone quit, wasn't fired by Trump in campaign shakeup". Politico. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  35. ^ "Meet the Man Who Helps Trump Be Trump". Wall Street Journal. February 10, 2016.
  36. ^ Helderman, Rosalind S. (November 2, 2017). "Who's who in the George Papadopoulos court documents". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 2, 2017. “High-Ranking Campaign Official”: Campaign manager Corey Lewandowski.
  37. ^ "Inside Trump's inner circle, his staffers are willing to fight for him. Literally". The Washington Post. March 10, 2016. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  38. ^ "Video Shows Trump Campaign Manager Corey Lewandowski Grabbing Reporter Michelle Fields". The Daily Beast. March 11, 2016. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  39. ^ "Trump campaign manager Lewandowski charged with battery". CNBC. March 29, 2016. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
  40. ^ "Trump aide charged with misdemeanor battery vs. ex-Breitbart reporter". Palm Beach Post. March 29, 2016. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
  41. ^ Tesfaye, Sophia (March 29, 2016). "Busted! Trump campaign manager Corey Lewandowski officially charged with assaulting ex-Breitbart staffer". Salon. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
  42. ^ Anderson, Curt (April 14, 2015). "Prosecutor won't pursue battery charge against Trump aide". Associated Press. Archived from the original on April 24, 2016. Retrieved April 14, 2016.
  43. ^ Revesz, Rachael (March 21, 2016). "Donald Trump's campaigner was filmed grabbing a protester by the collar". The Independent. UK. Archived from the original on April 3, 2016. Retrieved March 21, 2016.
  44. ^ Corasaniti, Nick. "Trump faults protesters over violence, not their assailants". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 25, 2016. Retrieved May 10, 2016.
  45. ^ Vitali, Ali (March 20, 2016). "Trump Campaign Denies That Video Shows Lewandowski Grabbing Protester". NBC News. Archived from the original on March 20, 2016. Retrieved March 21, 2016.
  46. ^ Jacobs, Ben (March 20, 2016). "Trump campaign denies manager grabbed protester at Arizona rally". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved March 21, 2016.
  47. ^ "Trump Campaign Denies Campaign Manager Grabbed Protester". ABC News. March 21, 2016. Retrieved March 21, 2016.
  48. ^ Schreckinger, Ben; Vogel, Kenneth P. (April 2, 2016). "Trump campaign shrinks Lewandowski's role: Despite the billionaire's staunch defense, his embattled campaign manager is losing clout". Politico. Retrieved April 14, 2016.
  49. ^ Jacobs, Ben (April 14, 2016). "Trump's campaign manager Corey Lewandowski will not face battery charges". The Guardian. Retrieved April 14, 2016. While Trump has stood by Lewandowski through the controversy, the political operative's influence has been waning in recent weeks. This has not been connected to allegations of violence but instead to internal maneuverings as the Trump campaign tries to build an operation, led by veteran Republican operative Paul Manafort, capable of wooing delegates in a contested convention.
  50. ^ a b Haberman, Maggie (June 20, 2016). "Donald Trump Fires Corey Lewandowski, His Campaign Manager". The New York Times. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  51. ^ a b c "Trump splits with campaign manager Lewandowski". Fox News. June 20, 2016. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  52. ^ Martin, Jonathan (July 18, 2016). "Trump Campaign Denounces John Kasich in Ohio, Where Convention Begins". The New York Times. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
  53. ^ Stelter, Brian (June 23, 2016). "CNN hires Corey Lewandowski as political commentator". CNN. Archived from the original on June 24, 2016. Retrieved June 30, 2016.
  54. ^ a b c Corasaniti, Nick (August 3, 2016). "Corey Lewandowski, Former Trump Campaign Manager, Dives Back Into 'Birtherism'". The New York Times. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
  55. ^ Bauder, David (July 13, 2016). "CNN revealing Lewandowski's severance payments". Associated Press. Retrieved July 14, 2016.
  56. ^ Diamond, Jeremy (July 4, 2016). "Trump campaign defends tweet as a 'basic star' in wake of criticism". CNN.
  57. ^ Robillard, Kevin (July 3, 2016). "Lewandowski blames Star of David blowup on 'political correctness'". Politico. Retrieved July 4, 2016.
  58. ^ a b Gass, Nick (August 3, 2016). "CNN contributor Corey Lewandowski: Was Obama a citizen when he went to Harvard?". Politico. Retrieved August 4, 2016.
  59. ^ Stelter, Brian (November 11, 2016). "Corey Lewandowski resigns from CNN". CNNMoney. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
  60. ^ Sutton, Kelsey (January 12, 2017). "Corey Lewandowski joins conservative news channel OANN as commentator". Politico. Retrieved July 12, 2017.
  61. ^ Master, Cyra (July 31, 2017). "Lewandowski fired from pro-Trump cable network: report". The Hill. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
  62. ^ Markay, Lachlan; Suebsaeng, Asawin (July 31, 2017). "Corey Lewandowski Fired From One America News Network". The Daily Beast. Retrieved August 1, 2017.
  63. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Vogel, Kenneth P.; Dawsey, Josh (April 28, 2017). "Lewandowski's firm appears to offer Trump meetings: Ex-campaign manager says he's not a lobbyist, but documents suggest his firm has been offering to secure face time with the president for foreign politicians". Politico. Retrieved May 12, 2017.
  64. ^ a b c Williams, Elizabeth (March 13, 2017). "Want to Keep the President at Bay? Two Consultants Have an Inside Track". The New York Times. Retrieved May 12, 2017.
  65. ^ a b c d e f g h Jacobs, Jennifer; Brody, Ben (May 4, 2017). "Lewandowski Exits Lobby Firm Amid Reports of Foreign Clients". Bloomberg. Retrieved May 12, 2017.
  66. ^ a b c Vogel, Kenneth P. (May 3, 2017). "Lewandowski's firm quietly inked deal with Venezuela-owned company: Contract to lobby for Citgo comes amid rising tensions". Politico. Retrieved May 12, 2017.
  67. ^ a b c d e f Confessore, Nicholas; Vogel, Kenneth P. (August 2, 2017). "Trump Loyalist Mixes Businesses and Access at 'Advisory' Firm". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
  68. ^ Meyer, Theodoric; Lippman, Daniel (September 22, 2017). "Corey Lewandowski appears to be working with another lobbying firm". Politico. Archived from the original on September 23, 2017. Months after Corey Lewandowski, Donald Trump’s former campaign manager, quit the lobbying firm he co-founded after the 2016 election, he appears to be working with a new one, reviving questions about whether he is still cashing in on his relationship with the president. The firm, Turnberry Solutions LLC — a name that calls to mind Trump Turnberry, the president’s Scottish golf resort — is staffed by two lobbyists who worked for Lewandowski’s old firm. While Lewandowski has denied any link to the firm, there’s plenty of evidence to the contrary.
  69. ^ Bedard, Paul (October 16, 2017). "Revealed: New Lewandowski, Bossie book 'Let Trump Be Trump'". Washington Examiner. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
  70. ^ a b Cummings, William (June 19, 2018). "'Womp, womp': Ex-Trump campaign manager Lewandowski mocks migrant girl with Down syndrome". USA Today. Mclean, Virginia: Gannett Company. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
  71. ^ Turner, Sophie (June 20, 2018). "Lewandowski refuses to apologize for 'womp womp' comment". CNN. Atlanta, Georgia. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
  72. ^ Madani, Doha (June 19, 2018). "Corey Lewandowski Dismisses Girl With Down Syndrome Separated From Mother: 'Womp, Womp'". Huffington Post. New York City. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
  73. ^ Tatum, Sophie (June 21, 2018). "Lewandowski refuses to apologize for 'womp womp' comment". CNN. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
  74. ^ Byers, Dylan. "Corey Lewandowski dropped by speakers bureau after 'womp womp' comment". CNNMoney. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
  75. ^ Kirell, Andrew (June 27, 2018). "Lewandowski Now Claims Down-Syndrome Girl's Mom Is 'Potential Child Smuggler'". The Daily Beast. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
  76. ^ Chiquillo, Julieta; Solis, Dianne (June 20, 2018). "Mexican mother separated from girl with Down syndrome was detained in smuggling case, officials say". Dallas News. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
  77. ^ "Singer Joy Villa says she wants justice to be served in sexual assault allegation against Corey Lewandowski". ABC News. December 29, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  78. ^ "Trump supporter Joy Villa says she filed a sexual assault complaint against Corey Lewandowski". Fox News. December 26, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  79. ^ "Singer Joy Villa alleges Corey Lewandowski assaulted her at Trump hotel party". CNN. December 27, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  80. ^ "Corey Lewandowski Responds to Joy Villas Sexual Assault Allegations". Fox Business. December 27, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2018.

External links

2017 Republican National Committee chairmanship election

The 2017 Republican National Committee (RNC) Chairperson election was held in January 2017, to determine the next chairperson of the Republican National Committee. The elected chair will be in charge of the national party activities during their two-year term.

2018 United States House of Representatives elections in New Hampshire

The 2018 United States House of Representatives elections in New Hampshire were held on November 6, 2018, to elect the two U.S. Representatives from the state of New Hampshire, one from each of the state's two congressional districts. The elections coincided with other elections to the House of Representatives, elections to the United States Senate and various state and local elections.

Following the 2018 elections, the Democratic Party retained both of New Hampshire's House seats in Congress, and thus maintained control of all of New Hampshire's Congressional (House and Senate) delegation.

Alternative media (U.S. political right)

Right-wing alternative media in the United States usually refers to internet, talk radio, print, and television journalism and opinions which present a point of view that counters the perceived liberal bias of mainstream media.

Carter Page

Carter William Page (born June 3, 1971) is an American petroleum industry consultant and a former foreign-policy adviser to Donald Trump during his 2016 presidential election campaign. Page is the founder and managing partner of Global Energy Capital, a one-man investment fund and consulting firm specializing in the Russian and Central Asian oil and gas business.Page was a focus of the 2017 Special Counsel investigation into links between Trump associates and Russian officials and Russian interference on behalf of Trump during the 2016 presidential election. In April 2019, the Mueller Report revealed that while Mueller found Russia's government interfered with the 2016 U.S. presidential election, and there were unanswered questions about Page's actions and motives as the result of the confusing and contradictory testimony he provided, investigators found no direct evidence that Page coordinated Trump campaign activities with the Russian government.

Dave Aronberg

Dave Aronberg (born May 4, 1971) is the State Attorney for Palm Beach County, Florida and a former member of the Florida Senate. He was elected to the Senate in 2002 as its youngest member and served for eight years. He is a Democrat.Prior to serving in the Senate, Aronberg worked as a lawyer in both the public and private sectors. He was serving as the Florida Attorney General’s “Drug Czar” in 2012 when he announced his candidacy for Palm Beach County State Attorney. He was first elected to the office in November 2012 and re-elected without opposition on May 6, 2016.

Elisha Krauss

Elisha Krauss (born February 23, 1986) is an American journalist, speaker, and radio talk host in Los Angeles, California. Krauss replaced Heidi Harris as a co-host with Ben Shapiro and Brian Whitman on the Salem Radio Network/KRLA Morning Answer in April 2013. Before moving to Los Angeles in 2013, Krauss was the Senior Producer for The Sean Hannity Show, a campaign manager and media consultant. Aside from her morning talk show, Krauss is currently working as Outreach Director for Prager University (PragerU).Krauss was awarded in 2013 as a recipient of Red Alert Politics' "30 Under 30" recognition for the "finest young conservative, libertarian and Republican leaders" who, according to the publication, "were selected for their consistent involvement in the movement, their influence on other youth and their heartfelt dedication to American principles, regardless of opposition." Her morning radio talk show made the 2016 Talker's "Heavy Hundred," a list of 100 of the most influential talk shows in the country.In March 2016, Krauss was listed as one of the 16 female conservative pundits who cosigned a letter denouncing Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump's then-campaign manager Corey Lewandowski after he denied responsibility for the battery of former Breitbart reporter Michelle Fields.

In a PragerU video that went viral in May 2016, Krauss pointed out that abortions are generally more restricted in European countries than in the U.S. The four-minutes-long video was described by Life News as one taking "an unbiased approach to the abortion issue, simply comparing abortion laws in various states and nations."Krauss began and ended her video with the following quote:

Western Europeans -- as progressive and secular as they are -- have a much more conservative attitude about abortion than American Progressives do...Europeans seem to recognize that abortion is a complex moral issue; that ending a life after a certain point in a pregnancy does not reflect well on a society. Why is it so hard for American Progressives to recognize the same?

In the summer of 2016, Krauss attended the Claremont Institute, where she completed the Lincoln Fellowship. She participated in a town hall featuring eight other AM 870 The Answer radio talk show hosts, where the potential outcomes of the 2016 presidential elections were discussed.Krauss was homeschooled as a child in Oklahoma. She moved to New York City at the age of 18 and became an intern at WABC in New York during her freshman year at King's College, Manhattan.Krauss currently lives in Los Angeles with her husband Eric Krauss and their daughter Stevie.

Joy Villa

Joy Angela Villa (; born April 25, 1991), known by her stage name Princess Joy Villa, is an American singer-songwriter.

Let Trump Be Trump

Let Trump Be Trump: The Inside Story of His Rise to the Presidency is a memoir about the successful 2016 presidential campaign of Donald Trump. It was originally published on December 5, 2017 by Center Street, an imprint of Hachette Book Group. It was co-authored by Corey Lewandowski, Trump's first campaign manager, and David Bossie, the head of Citizens United and Trump's final deputy campaign manager. It is the first book about the Trump campaign to be published by the campaign's insiders.


Lewandowski (Polish pronunciation: [lɛvanˈdɔfskʲi]; feminine Lewandowska, plural Lewandowscy) is a Polish-language surname. In other languages it may be transliterated as Lewandowsky, Levandovski, Levandovsky, Levandovskyy, Levandoski or Levandovskiy.

It is the seventh most common surname in Poland (93,404 people in 2009).It is derived from the place name Lewandów, itself derived from the Old Polish word lewanda – 'lavender' (lawenda in modern Polish). It is most frequent in mid-northern Poland, making up as much as 1,1% of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship's population (the record of Poland). The surname was recorded for the first time in 1673, although Lavendowski, which is probably its variant, is known since 1608.

List of After Words interviews first aired in 2018

After Words is an American television series on the C-SPAN2 network’s weekend programming schedule known as Book TV. The program is an hour-long talk show, each week featuring an interview with the author of a new non-fiction book. The program has no regular host. Instead, each author is paired with a guest host who is familiar with the author or the subject matter of their book.

Lowell Catholic High School

Lowell Catholic High School is a private, not-for-profit, college preparatory school in Lowell, Massachusetts. It is located in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston and is a Xaverian Brothers Sponsored School.

Lowell Catholic High School was established in 1989 through the merger of the following other Catholic high schools:

Keith Hall/Keith Catholic

Keith Academy

St. Patrick's High School

St. Joseph's High School

St. Louis AcademyIt enrolls boys and girls in grades Pre-K through 12. The school's philosophy embraces the teachings and principles of the Roman Catholic Church and the Xaverian Brothers Sponsored Schools.

Michael Caputo

Michael R. Caputo (born 1962) is a Republican political strategist, and media consultant. He became enamored with Ronald Reagan while serving in the military and became a Republican, later working for politicians including Jack Kemp. He worked for the Reagan Administration with Oliver North, then as assistant director of the House of Representatives Gallery of the Radio and Television Correspondents' Association. He left that role to serve as director of media services on the campaign for President George H.W. Bush in the 1992 United States presidential election.

Caputo moved to Russia in 1994 after the fall of the Soviet Union, and was an adviser to Boris Yeltsin and helped elect Yeltsin to a second term as President of Russia. He worked for Gazprom Media in 2000 where he helped improve the image of Vladimir Putin in the U.S. He moved back to the U.S. and founded a public relations company, and then moved to Ukraine to work on a candidate's campaign for parliament.

Caputo worked as the campaign manager for Carl Paladino in his 2010 bid for Governor of New York. In 2016, Caputo joined the Donald Trump campaign, and was put in charge of communications for New York. He left the campaign after publicly voicing his approval for the replacement of campaign manager Corey Lewandowski with Paul Manafort.

Caputo was investigated by the United States House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence as part of their investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 US presidential election. In May 2016, Caputo and Roger Stone met with Henry Greenberg, a Russian national who claimed to have damaging information about Hillary Clinton. Caputo later denied contact with Russian officials or having discussed Russia with Trump or with other campaign aides. Caputo stated it was not until prosecutors informed him that Greenberg was Russian that he learned the man he had spoken with in 2016 was not a US citizen.

Michelle Fields

Michelle Fields (born January 10, 1988) is an American political journalist who formerly wrote for The Huffington Post and was a reporter for Breitbart News, as well as a Fox News contributor. After graduating from college Fields was hired as a reporter at The Daily Caller. She later became a correspondent for PJ Media. Fields is a former panelist on the Fox News program Cashin' In. In 2016, Fields accused Donald Trump's campaign manager Corey Lewandowski of grabbing her arm at a press conference. At the time, Fields was a reporter for Breitbart but resigned her position in March 2016 due to the organization's handling of the Lewandowski incident.

Olivia Nuzzi

Olivia Nuzzi (born January 6, 1993) is a political reporter who serves as the Washington correspondent for New York magazine.

Regnery Publishing

Regnery Publishing is a conservative book publisher based in Washington, D.C. An imprint of Salem Media Group, it is led by president Marji Ross. The company was founded by Henry Regnery in 1947.Regnery has published books by authors such as former Republican Party chairman Haley Barbour, Ann Coulter, Sarah Palin, former Speaker of the United States House of Representatives Newt Gingrich, columnist Michelle Malkin, Robert Spencer, pundit David Horowitz, Vice President Mike Pence and his family and Barbara Olson.

Republican Liberty Caucus

The Republican Liberty Caucus (RLC) is a political action organization dedicated to promoting the ideals of individual liberty, limited government and free market economics within the Republican Party in the United States. It is part of the libertarian wing of the Republican Party. It also operates a political action committee, the RLC-USA PAC.The organization was founded in 1991 and has chapters in many states. In 2011, the organization hosted its National Convention in Arlington, Virginia. The 2013 convention was held in Austin, Texas and the 2015 National Convention was hosted in Nashua, New Hampshire.

Trump Tower meeting

The Trump Tower meeting took place on June 9, 2016 in New York City between three senior members of the 2016 Trump campaign – Donald Trump Jr., Jared Kushner, and Paul Manafort – and at least five other people, including Russian lawyer Natalia Veselnitskaya. The meeting was arranged by publicist and long-time Trump acquaintance Rob Goldstone on behalf of his client, singer-songwriter Emin Agalarov. It was disclosed to U.S. government officials when Kushner filed a revised version of his security clearance form.Donald Trump Jr. made several misleading statements about the meeting. He initially told the press that the meeting was held to discuss adoptions of Russian children by Americans. On July 8, 2017, after news reports stated that Trump Jr. knew the meeting was political, he admitted in a tweet that he had agreed to the meeting with the understanding that he would receive information damaging to Hillary Clinton, and that he was conducting opposition research. When the New York Times was about to report on email exchanges between Goldstone and Trump Jr., Trump Jr. himself admitted that Goldstone had stated in an email to him that the Russian government was involved and that the purpose of the meeting was to get "dirt on Clinton" and that the meeting concerned a "Russian effort to aid the (Trump) campaign." In early July 2017, it was reported that President Donald Trump himself drafted Trump Jr.'s initial misleading statement. The report was later confirmed by the president's attorneys. In July 2018, the president denied knowledge of the meeting.Robert Mueller, the special counsel of the Department of Justice in charge of Russia-related investigations, investigated the emails and the meeting, and their relation to the Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections.

Windham, New Hampshire

Windham is a suburban town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 13,592 at the 2010 census. The estimated population in 2017 was 14,562.


This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.